Reading Coins Patents (Class 382/136)
  • Patent number: 9053595
    Abstract: A coin identification system and method is disclosed for determining the identity of a source coin by way of image processing. The system comprises a source coin image capture means, an image processing means, and an output that relays information to the user or sorts the coin according to its match results. The processing means compares at least one image of the source coin to a plurality of reference coin images, whereby the image of the source coin is manipulated and overlaid onto the reference coin images to determine if a match is available with a given probability. An embodiment of the system employs a coin collection and sorting device. Another embodiment contemplates a handheld electronic device that captures and processes the source coin. Both embodiments may connect to a remote server housing the reference coin information or store the information locally.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Inventor: Jared Grove
  • Patent number: 9036890
    Abstract: Systems and associated methods for optical coin discrimination are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a method for discriminating coins includes obtaining a digital image of a coin, identifying the outline of the coin using a suitable algorithm, and determining the diameter of the coin using the outline of the coin. The method of this embodiment further includes generating a rectangular image of the coin using, for example, a log-polar transform, generating a series of, for example, Fourier transforms from the rectangular image, and identifying spectral peak locations and intensities in the Fourier transform results. The diameter of the coin, spectral peak location, spectral peak intensity of the coin and/or other aspects of the coin can then be compared to known values for different coins to discriminate the coin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Outerwall Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Borg, Douglas A. Martin, Timothy P. Harrington
  • Publication number: 20150131890
    Abstract: A method for identifying counterfeit coins, comprising receiving surface image data and edge image data of the coin at a processor. Identifying a plurality of defects using the processor. Comparing each of the plurality of defects to a database of known authentic coin image data defects to determine whether the coin is authentic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventor: Christopher J. Rourk
  • Publication number: 20140355864
    Abstract: A method includes: capturing an image of a coin, locating an acquisition area of the image using a landmark of the coin, the acquisition area comprising a feature unique to the coin and generating a digital representation of the acquisition area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2012
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicants: SIGNOPTIC TECHNOLOGIES, MONNAIE ROYALE CANADIENNE/ROYAL CANADIAN MINT
    Inventors: Hieu Truong, Yann Boutant
  • Publication number: 20140301626
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to an automated precious metal bullion authentication apparatus and system that, without human intervention, develops and disseminates information to enable a user to distinguish between genuine and non-genuine precious metals bullion items. The systems and devices may work together with third-party hardware or software and, with Internet access, may be utilized 24/7, 365 days a year. The system or device enables a user to receive directly at a point of sale, or anywhere in public or private, information regarding whether an item is genuine or not. Information regarding genuineness of an item may be provided to the user before, during, or after a monetary or non-monetary exchange or transaction between individuals or entities. The system or device identifies and authenticates precious metal bullion items automatically through a multiplicity of procedures and renders a conclusion based on data from acquired digital images and other physical measurements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2014
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: Security Pacific Capital Corporation
    Inventors: Michael B. Kerschner, Donald L. Gardner
  • Patent number: 8744932
    Abstract: Herein described is a computer based system, a computer-readable storage media, and a method for optimizing the amount of currency transferred to a custodial inventory vault of a depository institution. The currency comprises ten and twenty dollar bills. For example, the method comprises determining a first amount of ten and twenty dollar bills, subtracting a second amount corresponding to a minimum vault holding requirement from the first amount to yield a third amount. The third amount is transferred along with a predetermined fourth amount to the custodial inventory vault of the depository institution. The predetermined fourth amount may be chosen to minimize or obviate an occurrence of an ending cash balance of ten and twenty dollar bills being less than the second amount. The third and fourth amounts of ten and twenty dollars bills are held in the custodial inventory vault and provide a monetary benefit for the depository institution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Bank of America Corporation
    Inventors: Fernanda Andrade Ramos Propeck, Justin Reed John Morgan Lehmann
  • Patent number: 8708129
    Abstract: A method and system for prevention of dust accumulation on a coin sensor assembly (67) in a coin handling machine (60), includes a lower optical element (83, 90) positioned below a coin track (63) and then either, or both of, 1) blowing off dust that tends to accumulate on the cover (83) for the lower optical element (90) and 2) coating the cover (83) for the lower optical element (90) with a transparent conductive coating (83a) that is electrically grounded to prevent accumulation of dust due to static electrical attraction. A fan unit (82) is positioned adjacent the cover (83) for blowing dust off the cover (83) during operation of the coin handling machine (60). The method and system is preferably a optical reflector system with an upper optical element in the form of a reflector (86, 87) and a transparent conductive coating of material (87a) is also provided on the reflector (86, 87).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Talaris, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert E. Gunst, Thomas P. Adams, Jason R. Parpart, Myron W. Spoehr
  • Patent number: 8699778
    Abstract: An image coding method determines one of frame coding and field coding while suppressing an increase in the complexity. The image coding method includes coding a current picture included in the pictures; determining whether a picture next to the current picture is to be coded in frame coding or field coding, depending on motion information that is information for indicating a motion in the current picture; and coding the next picture in frame coding when it is determined in the determining that the next picture is to be coded in frame coding, and coding the next picture in field coding when it is determined in the determining that the next picture is to be coded in field coding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Han Boon Teo, Chong Soon Lim, Viktor Wahadaniah, Youji Shibahara, Takahiro Nishi, Kiyofumi Abe
  • Patent number: 8620057
    Abstract: Systems for processing digital check image files include an image classification module programmed to review a plurality of attributes associated with a digital check image file including at least one check image, and to categorize the digital check image file into at least one category of a plurality of categories, and a decision module programmed to decide how to process the digital check image file based on the category.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.
    Inventors: Robert Scot Thomas, Alan W. Hecht, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8615123
    Abstract: A coin identification method and apparatus capable of reliably acquiring stable two-dimensional images of both surfaces of coins 217, and using the acquired two-dimensional images to perform identification and discrimination, reliably and at high speed, between coin denomination, types, dates and origins of mint. In a coin pathway, imaging devices 207a,b are positioned at an image-capture position such that images above and below the surface of passing coins are captured under illumination. The coin denomination is identified by geometric measurements of enhanced images, the coin type is identified by matching templates to enhanced images, and the coin date and mint are identified using template matching to segmented sub-images. In one embodiment, the coin identification information is used for the promotion of a coin counting service. The results are displayed in an entertaining and engaging manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: IdentiCoin, Inc.
    Inventor: Steven Dabic
  • Publication number: 20130322730
    Abstract: Systems and associated methods for optical coin discrimination are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a method for discriminating coins includes obtaining a digital image of a coin, identifying the outline of the coin using a suitable algorithm, and determining the diameter of the coin using the outline of the coin. The method of this embodiment further includes generating a rectangular image of the coin using, for example, a log-polar transform, generating a series of, for example, Fourier transforms from the rectangular image, and identifying spectral peak locations and intensities in the Fourier transform results. The diameter of the coin, spectral peak location, spectral peak intensity of the coin and/or other aspects of the coin can then be compared to known values for different coins to discriminate the coin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Borg, Douglas A. Martin, Timothy P. Harrington
  • Publication number: 20130202184
    Abstract: A coin identification system and method is disclosed for determining the identity of a source coin by way of image processing. The system comprises a source coin image capture means, an image processing means, and an output that relays information to the user or sorts the coin according to its match results. The processing means compares at least one image of the source coin to a plurality of reference coin images, whereby the image of the source coin is manipulated and overlaid onto the reference coin images to determine if a match is available with a given probability. An embodiment of the system employs a coin collection and sorting device. Another embodiment contemplates a handheld electronic device that captures and processes the source coin. Both embodiments may connect to a remote server housing the reference coin information or store the information locally.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2013
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Inventor: Jared Grove
  • Publication number: 20120301009
    Abstract: A coin identification method and apparatus capable of reliably acquiring stable two-dimensional images of both surfaces of coins 217, and using the acquired two-dimensional images to perform identification and discrimination, reliably and at high speed, between coin denomination, types, dates and origins of mint. In a coin pathway, imaging devices 207a,b are positioned at an image-capture position such that images above and below the surface of passing coins are captured under illumination. The coin denomination is identified by geometric measurements of enhanced images, the coin type is identified by matching templates to enhanced images, and the coin date and mint are identified using template matching to segmented sub-images. In one embodiment, the coin identification information is used for the promotion of a coin counting service. The results are displayed in an entertaining and engaging manner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Applicant: IdentiCoin, Inc.
    Inventor: Steven Dabic
  • Patent number: 8300914
    Abstract: A transaction processing apparatus includes a display unit, a base unit, and an attaching and detaching unit that connects circuits of the display unit and the base unit. The display unit includes an authentication-information acquiring unit that acquires, in a state in which the display unit is detached from the base unit, identity authentication information of a customer and an authentication-information storing unit that stores the acquired identity authentication information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Toshiba Tec Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Hiroyuki Ueda
  • Patent number: 8259350
    Abstract: A print defect management device that supports job-specific print defect management automatically assesses print job pages to determine the severity of image quality defects likely to occur on one or more selected printers. Views of identified troubled pages may be rendered to include approximations of color and image quality defects based on the original page image data, and each printer's color rendition data and defect data, thereby allowing troubled pages for one or more selected printers to be viewed prior to printing. Suggested changes may be automatically or manually applied. Once satisfied with the image quality of print job pages rendered for a specific printer, a user may submit the print job to the same printer, thereby assuring that the user's image quality expectations are met in the printed product. The device may support job-specific print defect management with both local and/or remote printers via LAN, WAN and/or Internet based connectivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Wencheng Wu, Edul N. Dalal, D. Rene Rasmussen
  • Publication number: 20120099780
    Abstract: A system and method for collecting and managing information taken from tokens, like credit cards and gift cards, includes a portable computing device (PCD). The PCD may support a token recognizer that may comprise hardware and/or software that may reside in memory of the PCD. The token recognizer may work in combination with a camera. The token recognizer may comprise a broad recognizer module and an optical character recognition (“OCR”) module. The camera of the PCD may capture images of one or more physical tokens. These captured images of the physical tokens may be processed by the token recognizer so that digital images as well as data provided by the physical tokens may be maintained in memory of the PCD for later presentation to the user. These later presentations on the PCD may be used for account management and for conducting transactions, such as making payment at a point-of-sale (POS) terminal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Inventors: Steven M. SMITH, Robert L. Dessert
  • Patent number: 8155424
    Abstract: A coin detecting apparatus has: a light source for emitting a light beam onto either of two surfaces of a coin; a half mirror for splitting the light beam reflected on the surface of the coin into a transmitted light beam and a reflected light beam; a full area sensor for obtaining a full image of the surface of the coin in accordance with one of the transmitted light beam and the reflected light beam; and a regional area sensor for obtaining a partial image of the surface of the coin in accordance with the other one of the transmitted light beam and the reflected light beam. By doing this, it is possible to provide a coin detecting apparatus capable of improving accuracy in coin detection and shortening time therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Laurel Precision Machines Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masataka Takahashi
  • Patent number: 8150139
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and device for recognizing a coin by using the embossed pattern characteristics thereof. For this purpose, the inventive method comprises in spreading the characteristics of the picture, in reducing said characteristics by reducing said picture and in transforming it by polar transformation, in comparing the transformed picture with a plurality of reference patterns according to a first simplified criterion, in creating a list of the reference patterns, in sorting them according to the similarity thereof with the transformed picture and in comparing the transformed picture with the reference patterns contained in the list according to the sorting thereof upon a second exact criterion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Walter Hanke Mechanische Werkstatten GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Robert Couronne, Andreas Kuleschow, Klaus Spinnler
  • Publication number: 20110025876
    Abstract: A method for identifying an object involves transmitted at least one electronic image of the object to be identified to an evaluation unit. The electronic image is compared in the evaluation unit for matches with at least one electronic image of the object to be identified stored in a database, or at least one object having an identical or similar shape, and the evaluation unit then outputs the data stored in the database for the at least one image detected as a sufficient match.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2009
    Publication date: February 3, 2011
    Applicant: Neoperl GmbH
    Inventors: Oliver Denzler, Christoph Weis
  • Patent number: 7876478
    Abstract: A compact, desktop document processor for capturing data and images from checks and other financial and payment-related documents includes a modular base unit. The modular base unit performs processing actions on financial and payment-related documents. The modular base unit is configured to operate in a teller station apparatus and is configured to operate in a back counter apparatus. The base unit includes an interface for connecting to an add-on component to match the base unit to workflow requirements. The base unit operates as the teller station apparatus when a hand feeder component is connected to the base unit at the add-on component interface. The base unit operates as the back counter apparatus when an automatic feeder component is connected to the base unit at the add-on component interface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: Burroughs Payment Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael J. Moore, John C. Gudenburr, David B. Tratar
  • Patent number: 7856137
    Abstract: A correlation value image is generated from an input image and a template image, and separated into a positive correlation value image and a negative correlation value image. The template image is separated into a positive template image and a negative template image. A plurality of positive-negative-separated correlation images are generated by combining the positive correlation value image and the negative correlation value image and the positive template image and the negative template image. A polar-coordinates-converted input image and a polar-coordinates-converted template image are employed as the input image and the template image, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2010
    Assignee: Glory Ltd.
    Inventors: Toru Yonezawa, Hirofumi Kameyama
  • Patent number: 7802669
    Abstract: A coin or token image acquiring apparatus includes a coin moving unit for receiving coins in a sequential manner and translating each coin to a predetermined station. A time sensor unit detects the position of the respective coins in the coin moving unit and provides a timing signal that can activate an image apparatus unit positioned at the predetermined station. A light emitting apparatus is positioned to illuminate the coin face at the predetermined station so that the image apparatus can capture an illuminated image of the face of the coin. A storage unit can store a reference image of an authenticated coin image where by a comparator unit can compare the captured image of the coin with the authenticated coin image to provide an authenticated output signal when the respective image is matched. A separator unit can separate false coins from authenticated coins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Assignee: Asahi Seiko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yasuo Irie
  • Patent number: 7715610
    Abstract: A method of testing a document comprises deriving a plurality of measurements from the document at a resolution R and processing the measurements to derive values at a different resolution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: MEI, Inc.
    Inventors: Fatiha Anouar, Gaston Baudat
  • Patent number: 7660003
    Abstract: An image processing system according to the invention comprises a valuable information processing apparatus which manages valuable information equivalent to money, and an image forming apparatus which is connected to the valuable information processing apparatus and forms an image according to the valuable information. The image forming apparatus stores read or input image data into image data memory means. Then, image data stored in the image data memory means is invalidated when the valuable information to be managed by the valuable information processing apparatus fulfills a predetermined condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Nakai, Kohji Katamoto, Tamotsu Fukushima, Masao Saeda
  • Publication number: 20090303478
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing scattering signatures from a coin comprises a platform configured to hold the coin and an electromagnetic radiation source configured to produce a beam directed toward a portion of at least one surface of the coin. The electromagnetic radiation source is arranged to produce a far-field scattering signature upon interaction the at least one surface of the coin. A plurality of collection elements is configured to produce an electrical signal based upon collecting at least a portion of the far-field scattering signature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2009
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Applicant: CoinSecure, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard M. Haddock
  • Publication number: 20090305620
    Abstract: The coin sorting system includes a feed unit (A), a sorting unit (B), and a passageway member (P). Each unit (A; B) has a rotary disc (2; 4) and a stationary member (1; 3) opposed to the disc. Each disc (2; 4) has a rotating axis inclined relative to a horizontal plane. A guide passageway (10) with an outlet (19a) thorough which coins are fed one by one as the disc (2) rotates is formed on the stationary member (1) of the feed unit (A). Provided on the stationary member (3) of the sorting unit (B) are a conveying passageway (32) with an inlet (34) thorough which the coins fed from the outlet (19a) are introduced one by one and multiple sorting devices (6a, 6b; 5a to 5e) each for selectively ejecting the coins. A rolling-coin passageway (7) is formed on the passageway member (P) extending aslope to cause the coins to roll from the outlet (19a) to the inlet (34) under own weight thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2005
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Inventors: Yushi Hino, Daisuke Hoshino
  • Patent number: 7628326
    Abstract: A magnetic detection system for authenticating a document includes a first magnetic scanhead adapted to create a first magnetic field for saturating the magnetization of an area on each of the bills. The magnetic detection system further includes a second magnetic scanhead with an electromagnet. The electromagnet is capable of creating a second magnetic field of adjustable intensity. The second magnetic field is the opposite polarity of the first magnetic field. The intensity of the second magnetic field is adjusted by changing the amount of current supplied to the electromagnet. The amount of current supplied to the electromagnet is based upon a characteristic of the document to be authenticated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignee: Cummins-Allison Corp.
    Inventors: Jay D Freeman, Tomasz Marek Jagielinski
  • Publication number: 20090257642
    Abstract: With a coin authenticity judging method according to an embodiment of the present invention, image data of an incuse/relief portion 14, formed on a surface of a medal 13, are acquired by capturing an image of the incuse/relief portion 14 by means of an image sensor 23, disposed so as to oppose the medal 13 substantially straightly, while illuminating light from a light source disposed obliquely above the medal 13, and an image processing of using two or more predetermined threshold values to multinarize brightness information, including shading related to the incuse/relief portion 14, in the acquired image data into three or more values is performed. By the image processing of multinarization into the three or more values, the medal 13 surface is regionally divided in to at least a profile region 14-1, a top surface region 14-2a, and a bottom surface region 14-2b in the incuse/relief portion 14.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2008
    Publication date: October 15, 2009
    Applicant: Nihon Unica Corporation
    Inventor: Kunihiro Sugita
  • Patent number: 7591428
    Abstract: A magnetic detection system for authenticating a document includes a first magnetic scanhead adapted to create a first magnetic field for saturating the magnetization of an area on each of the bills. The magnetic detection system further includes a second magnetic scanhead with an electromagnet. The electromagnet is capable of creating a second magnetic field of adjustable intensity. The second magnetic field is the opposite polarity of the first magnetic field. The intensity of the second magnetic field is adjusted by changing the amount of current supplied to the electromagnet. The amount of current supplied to the electromagnet is based upon a characteristic of the document to be authenticated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2009
    Assignee: Cummins-Allison Corp.
    Inventors: Jay D. Freeman, Tomasz Marek Jagielinski
  • Publication number: 20080205741
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and device for recognizing a coin by using the embossed pattern characteristics thereof. For this purpose, the inventive method comprises in spreading the characteristics of the picture, in reducing said characteristics by reducing said picture and in transforming it by polar transformation, in comparing the transformed picture with a plurality of reference patterns according to a first simplified criterion, in creating a list of the reference patterns, in sorting them according to the similarity thereof with the transformed picture and in comparing the transformed picture with the reference patterns contained in the list according to the sorting thereof upon a second exact criterion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2006
    Publication date: August 28, 2008
    Inventors: Robert Couronne, Andreas Kuleschow, Klaus Spinnler
  • Patent number: 7209582
    Abstract: A coin discriminating method includes steps of irradiating a surface of a coin with light, photoelectrically detecting light reflected by the surface of the coin, producing detected pattern data of the surface of the coin, binarizing corresponding reference pattern data so that “1” is assigned to pixel data having a signal intensity level equal to or higher than a predetermined signal intensity level and “0” is assigned to pixel data having a signal intensity level lower than the predetermined signal intensity level to produce reference bright portion pattern data consisting of “1” pixel data and reference dark portion pattern data consisting of “0” pixel data, extracting bright portion pattern data consisting of pixels corresponding to pixels included in the reference bright portion pattern data and dark portion pattern data consisting of pixels corresponding to pixels included in the reference dark portion pattern data from the detected pattern data, and discriminating whether or not the surface of the coin
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2007
    Assignee: Laurel Precision Machines Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masataka Takahashi
  • Patent number: 7185750
    Abstract: A coin distinguishing method capable of concurrently picking up the images of the surface and the side of a coin by using two light sources, downsizing a device, and providing high-accuracy coin distinguishing. The side of a coin (C) falling through a coin passage (101) in an advancing direction is irradiated with a first light (105) from a flash shooting first light source (104), and the outer periphery portion of the surface of the coin (C) is irradiated with a second light (107) from a flash shooting second light source (106). Then, a fist reflection light (108) reflected off the side of the coin (C) and a second reflection light (109) reflected off the outer periphery portion of the coin (C) are input to an image sensor (110) to concurrently obtain the images of the side and the surface of the coin (C).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2007
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Nippon Conlux
    Inventors: Masanori Sugata, Tomokuni Takeda
  • Patent number: 7110600
    Abstract: The invention relates to a document discriminating apparatus and a discriminating method for use in processing documents at financial institutions. A characteristic portion inherent in an optional format is cut out from image data read from a document in the optional format. Color constituents of the cut out image data are analyzed, and a color constituent exhibiting characteristics is selected from the constituents, and a color separation parameter is set for the selected color constituent. Data information is prepared which is related to the image data cut out based upon the color separation parameter. On the other hand, data information is prepared from image data obtained by reading a document to be discriminated based on the color separation parameter. Then, the data information is compared for determination with the data information stored in the document discriminating dictionary unit, whereby the document is discriminated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventors: Takayuki Matsui, Yutaka Katsumata, Kazunori Yamamoto, Shinichi Eguchi
  • Patent number: 7050159
    Abstract: The coin-type determining device, for determining the presence or absence of inclined notches formed on the circumferential surface of the coin transferred through a coin transfer path, comprises: a plurality of notch detecting devices provided separately from each other with respect to an axis of the coin; a determining device for determining the presence or absence of inclined notches based on the difference between the notch detection results by the notch detecting devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: Laurel Bank Machines Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Eiko Hibari
  • Patent number: 7044285
    Abstract: A circular image (A1) of a to-be-examined coin (A0) is picked up by a CCD sensor unit (11). The circular image (A1) of the to-be-examined coin (A0) is transformed into a rectangular image (B1) by a transformation processing means (142). On the other hand, a rectangular image (B) of a master coin (A) used as a criterion is prestored in a master-image memory (148). When the circular image (A1) of the to-be-examined coin (A0) is transformed into the rectangular image (B1) by the transformation processing means (142), the rectangular image (B1) is compared with the rectangular image (B) stored in the master-image memory (148) by a comparison means (144). If both of the rectangular images (B1, B) do not coincide substantially with each other, a part of the rectangular image (B1) of the to-be-examined coin is moved from an end thereof to an opposite end by an alignment means (143) so as to generate a new rectangular image (B2) through a shift conversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Inventor: Hidetoshi Takebayashi
  • Patent number: 7010154
    Abstract: A money identifying method and a device which can identify money with high precision and quickly by optimally binarizing a surface image of the money. The center coordinates and radius of subject coin C are extracted by a coin shape extraction section from the surface image of the subject coin C obtained by an area sensor, and an effective threshold calculation range is extracted by a threshold calculation range extraction section 107 from the extracted center coordinates and radius of the coin. Further, a density histogram is created by a histogram generation section 108 on the basis of the threshold calculation range, an optimum binary threshold value is calculated from the density histogram by a binary threshold calculation section according to a discriminating analysis, and the optimum binary threshold value is used to binarize an image for identifying the subject coin C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2006
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Nippon Conlux
    Inventor: Masanori Sugata
  • Patent number: 6996263
    Abstract: A document processing system comprises an input receptacle for receiving documents. A transport mechanism receives the documents from the input receptacle and transports the documents past a full image scanner and a discrimination unit. An output receptacle receives the documents from the transport mechanism after being transported past the full image scanner and the discrimination unit. The full image scanner includes means for obtaining a full video image of said documents, means for obtaining a image of a selected area of said documents, and means for obtaining information contained in said selected area of said document. The discrimination unit includes means for determining the authenticity of said document. A system controller directs the flows of documents over the transport mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2006
    Assignee: Cummins-Allison Corp.
    Inventors: John E. Jones, Paul A. Jones, William J. Jones, Douglas U. Mennie
  • Patent number: 6899215
    Abstract: A method of deriving a classifying function for classifying items of currency includes deriving a plurality of measurements from at least one currency sensor and a plurality of currency items, and forming a set of data from the measurements, the elements of the data set corresponding to points in a first space, and determining a set of values corresponding to the measured values. The method also includes selecting a kernel function corresponding to a mapping of the first space to a second space, the method including deriving an expression representing the function of the measured values in terms of the kernel function and using it to derive a classifying function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2005
    Assignee: Mars Incorporated
    Inventors: Gaston Baudat, Fatiha Anouar
  • Patent number: 6819410
    Abstract: A process for identifying an embossed image of a coin in an automatic coin tester, in which a coin is moved to an image receiver and a light source, the image receiver picks up at least one image of the embossed image of the coin, and a validation device compares the image to a first reference pattern to find out whether the first reference pattern is contained in the image which was picked-up. If the first reference pattern is contained in the image, the validation device determines whether a second reference pattern is contained in an area the position of which is determined relative to the position of the first reference pattern, the validation device producing a genuine coin or counterfeit coin signal for the coin depending on the coincidence of the image with the reference patterns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: National REjectors, Inc. GmbH
    Inventors: Markus Adameck, Manfred Eich, Michael Hossfeld
  • Publication number: 20040187595
    Abstract: The coin-type determining device, for determining the presence or absence of inclined notches formed on the circumferential surface of the coin transferred through a coin transfer path, comprises: a plurality of notch detecting devices provided separately from each other with respect to an axis of the coin; a determining device for determining the presence or absence of inclined notches based on the difference between the notch detection results by the notch detecting devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2004
    Publication date: September 30, 2004
    Applicant: LAUREL BANK MACHINES CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Eiko Hibari
  • Patent number: 6785412
    Abstract: The coin-type determining device, for determining the presence or absence of inclined notches formed on the circumferential surface of the coin transferred through a coin transfer path, comprises: a plurality of notch detecting devices provided separately from each other with respect to an axis of the coin; a determining device for determining the presence or absence of inclined notches based on the difference between the notch detection results by the notch detecting devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Laurel Bank Machines Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Eiko Hibari
  • Patent number: 6778693
    Abstract: An apparatus for currency discrimination comprises first and second stationary scanheads, disposed on opposite sides of a bill transport path, for scanning respective first and second opposing surfaces of a bill traveling along the bill transport path and for producing respective output signals. The bill travels along the transport path in the direction of a predetermined dimension of the bill. A memory stores master characteristic patterns corresponding to associated predetermined surfaces of a plurality of denominations of genuine bills. Sampling circuitry samples the output signals associated with the respective first and second opposing surfaces of the scanned bill. A signal processor is programmed to determine which one of the first and second opposing surfaces corresponds to the associated predetermined surfaces of the plurality of denominations of genuine bills.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2004
    Assignee: Cummins-Allison Corp.
    Inventors: William J. Jones, Douglas U. Mennie, Mark C. Munro
  • Patent number: 6761257
    Abstract: A coin discriminating device has a first camera for producing a first image of a first surface of a coin, a second camera for producing a second image of a second surface of the coin, and a processor, e.g. a computer, which is operatively connected to the first and second cameras. The processor analyzes the first and second images in order to determine a type of the coin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Scan Coin Industries AB
    Inventor: Jerry Karlsson
  • Publication number: 20040120567
    Abstract: A coin discriminating method includes steps of irradiating a surface of a coin with light, photoelectrically detecting light reflected by the surface of the coin, producing detected pattern data of the surface of the coin, binarizing corresponding reference pattern data so that “1” is assigned to pixel data having a signal intensity level equal to or higher than a predetermined signal intensity level and “0” is assigned to pixel data having a signal intensity level lower than the predetermined signal intensity level to produce reference bright portion pattern data consisting of “1” pixel data and reference dark portion pattern data consisting of “0” pixel data, extracting bright portion pattern data consisting of pixels corresponding to pixels included in the reference bright portion pattern data and dark portion pattern data consisting of pixels corresponding to pixels included in the reference dark portion pattern data from the detected pattern data, and discr
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 4, 2003
    Publication date: June 24, 2004
    Applicant: Laurel Precision Machines Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masataka Takahashi
  • Patent number: 6725995
    Abstract: A discrimination object deflecting apparatus can discriminate and sort medals quickly in an amusement facility or the like. The apparatus is composed of a discrimination section for continuously discriminating continuously moving medals, a passage for continuously moving the discriminated medals according to a discriminating speed of the discrimination section, a deflection passage connected to one side of the passage, a deflection drive section which is provided on the other side of the passage to be countered to the deflection passage and is actuated according to a discriminating signal of the discrimination section and flips the medal moving along the passage towards the deflection passage, and a control section for controlling to drive the deflection drive section according to the discriminating signal of the discrimination section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: Unirec Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Junichi Yamagishi
  • Patent number: 6688449
    Abstract: A pattern identification apparatus is used to speedily identify tokens at a game arcade. The apparatus is inexpensive and has an image pickup device (15). The image pickup device has an area sensor (17) consisting of a two-dimensional matrix of photoelectric pixels. Each of the photoelectric pixels has a photodiode (19), a signal comparator (21), and a signal holder (23). The photoelectric pixels are connected to address lines (5), respectively. Required ones of the address lines are specified. Signals are read, to a data line, out of the signal holders of the photoelectric pixels that are connected to the specified address lines in response to addressing signals passed through the specified address lines. The specified address lines correspond to concentric circles (45, 47, 49) defined on a target (39) of disk shape. The target is identified according to the read signals that represent the concentric circles defined on the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2004
    Assignee: Unirec Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Junichi Yamagishi
  • Patent number: 6634482
    Abstract: Improved currency scanners for coins and bills which are connected to computers having memories which contain information concerning coinage or printing errors and scarce coins or bills and which compare each coin or bill as it is scanned to identify and alert the user to such coins or bills.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Inventor: Robert J. Miele
  • Patent number: 6588571
    Abstract: A method of deriving a classification for classifying items of currency into two or more classes comprises measuring known samples for each class, selecting a function corresponding to a non-linear mapping of the feature vector space to a second higher-dimensional space, mapping feature vectors to image vectors, and deriving coefficients representing N−1 axes, where N is the number of classes, in the second space, obtaining values representing the projections of the image vectors for the measured samples onto the N−1 axes, and using those values to derive a separating function for separating the classes equivalent to a function in the second space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2003
    Inventor: Gaston Baudat
  • Patent number: 6560547
    Abstract: A method and system for diagnosing surface imperfections of an article is provided. A data collection system collects data relating to the surface of the article, and a processor operatively coupled to the data collection system analyzes the surface data to determine deviations in the surface corresponding to surface imperfections and pre-made surface interruptions, and distinguishes between the imperfections and interruptions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2003
    Assignee: ASI Datamyte, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas Bartsch, Frank Skog
  • Patent number: 6499581
    Abstract: A coin discriminating apparatus includes a magnetic sensor for detecting magnetic properties of a coin being transported and producing magnetic data of the coin, an optical sensor for producing optical data of the coin, a reference optical data memory for storing reference optical data of an obverse surface and a reverse surface of coins of each denomination, a reference magnetic data memory for storing reference magnetic data of an obverse surface and a reverse surface of coins of each denomination to be discriminated, a first coin discriminator for comparing optical data of the coin produced by the optical sensor with reference optical data of an obverse surface and a reverse surface of coins of each denomination and determining whether or not the coin is acceptable and the denomination of the coin, and a second coin discriminator for reading from the reference magnetic data memory magnetic reference data selected depending upon whether reference optical data of the obverse surface of a coin of a certain de
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Assignee: Laurel Bank Machines Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshio Yoshida, Takao Moritani, Shigetoshi Imai