Having Nonlinear Property Patents (Class 385/122)
  • Patent number: 11307480
    Abstract: An optical semiconductor device including an optical waveguide; a light absorbing region coupled to the optical waveguide; a first conductive region and a second conductive region disposed at both sides of the light absorbing region so as to sandwich the light absorbing region; and a conductor coupled to the first conductive region and the second conductive region to let the first conductive region and the second conductive region short-circuit. With this configuration, the optical semiconductor device provides effects that absorption saturation is less likely to occur even if the light intensity increases, so that reflection return light can be reliably suppressed without using an external power source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Assignees: FUJITSU LIMITED, PHOTONICS ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH ASSOCIATION
    Inventor: Takasi Simoyama
  • Patent number: 11237052
    Abstract: A system and a method for infrared spectrometry, the method comprising multiphoton absorption with a material positioned in the Fourier plane of a 2f setup, the material being one of: i) a visible light sensitive, high band gap material and ii) an IR sensitive material. The system comprises one of: i) a visible light sensitive, high band gap material and ii) an IR sensitive material, positioned in the Fourier plane of a 2f setup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2022
    Inventors: François Legaré, Bruno Schmidt
  • Patent number: 11209593
    Abstract: The disclosure provides a method of forming an erasable optical coupler in a photonic device comprising a conventional optical waveguide formed in a crystalline wafer. The method comprises selectively implanting ions in a localized region of the wafer material adjacent to the conventional waveguide of the photonic device, to cause modification of the crystal lattice structure of, and a change in refractive index in, the ion implanted region of the wafer material to thereby form an ion implanted waveguide optically coupled to the adjacent conventional waveguide to couple light out therefrom, or in thereto. The crystalline wafer material and ion implanted waveguide are such that the crystal lattice structure or composition can be modified to adjust or remove the optical coupling with the conventional waveguide by further modification of the refractive index in the ion implanted region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON
    Inventors: Xia Chen, Milan Milosevic, Graham Trevor Reed, David John Thomson
  • Patent number: 11212011
    Abstract: A system and method for ultrashort signal detection adds an optical weighting element upstream of a detector within a direct detection receiver. The optical weighting element is configured to generate an optical pulse that closely matches at least one ultrashort pulse within the input signal so that portions of the input signal that are nonoverlapping with the at least one ultrashort pulse are rejected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Assignee: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Ana Pejkic, Stojan Radic
  • Patent number: 11171467
    Abstract: A compact diode laser achieves high-power, short duration output pulses by separating the lasing action from the pulse-generating mechanism. A diode seed source is configured for gain-switching via a variable RF source. A time lens element includes an intensity modulation device, a phase modulation device, and a pulse compressor. The intensity modulation device carves shorter pulses from the long gain-switched seed pulses, the phase modulation device adds chirp, and the pulse compressor compensates for the chirp while producing high-power short-duration output pulses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of Colorado, a body corporate
    Inventors: Juliet T Gopinath, Robert D. Niederriter
  • Patent number: 11165508
    Abstract: A waveguide array that includes a plurality of waveguides disposed in a substrate. The plurality of waveguides include one or more first waveguides that have a first propagation constant and one or more second waveguides that have a second propagation constant, where the first propagation constant differs from the second propagation constant. The one or more first waveguides and the one or more second waveguides are disposed in the substrate in a linear distribution and at least a portion of the linear distribution is arranged based on a quasi-periodic sequence having a plurality of sequence segments. Each sequence segment is determined based on a quasi-periodic function, has an order, and corresponds to an arrangement segment of a first waveguide, a second waveguide, or combinations thereof. The linear distribution includes at least one arrangement segment corresponding with a third-order sequence segment or higher of the quasi-periodic sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2021
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Nicholas Francis Borrelli, Dan Trung Nguyen, Daniel Aloysius Nolan
  • Patent number: 11165501
    Abstract: An excitation light source apparatus includes: an excitation light source to generate Raman excitation light in a drive state and to stop generating the Raman excitation light in a stop state; a light source controller to control the intensity of the Raman excitation light in the drive state; a light level measuring instrument to measure the light level of signal light; a logarithmic converter to convert at least one measurement result of measuring by the light level measuring instrument to a logarithmic value; and a main controller to decide a correction value based on the logarithmic value of the at least one measurement result in the stop state. The main controller controls the light source controller by using the correction value and a preset gain control target value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2021
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Katsunori Imanishi, Toshiyuki Tokura, Shun Chikamori, Kengo Takata
  • Patent number: 11143558
    Abstract: Provided are a method and a system for measuring a transient time width of an ultrashort pulse in real time. The method includes: performing an interaction of a laser pulse to be measured with a linear chirped pulse in a second-order non-linear medium, to generate a sum-frequency beam, wherein an intensity sag occurs in the chirped pulse after the interaction; performing a time spreading by a time stretching system on the chirped pulse with the intensity sag; detecting the spread chirped pulse with the spread intensity sag by a photoelectric detector, and measuring and recording a time width ?? of the spread intensity sag by an oscilloscope; and obtaining the transient time width ? of the laser pulse to be measured according to a formula of ?=??/M, where M is an amplification coefficient of the time stretching system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2021
    Assignees: CHONGQING INSTITUTE OF EAST CHINA NORMAL UNIVERSITY, EAST CHINA NORMAL UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Heping Zeng, Ming Yan, Yinqi Wang, Xiaoyue Wang
  • Patent number: 11079528
    Abstract: A method of making a polarizer can include applying a liquid with solid inorganic nanoparticles dispersed throughout a continuous phase, then forming this into a different phase including a solid, interconnecting network of the inorganic nanoparticles. This method can improve manufacturability and reducing manufacturing cost. This method can be used to provide an antireflective coating, to provide a protective coating on polarization structures, to provide thin films for optical properties, or to form the polarization structures themselves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: Moxtek, Inc.
    Inventors: Bradley R. Williams, R. Stewart Nielson, Anubhav Diwan, Eric Gardner, Shaun Patrick Ogden, Bob West
  • Patent number: 11029519
    Abstract: A transparency includes a first substrate having a first surface and a second surface. A second substrate includes a third surface and a fourth surface. An optical coating is positioned on the fourth surface. The optical coating has a refractive index real component n of greater than about 1.8 and an nk ratio of greater than about 0.6, as measured at 550 nm. The fourth surface has a reflectance of less than about 1.2%, as measured from the first surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Assignee: GENTEX CORPORATION
    Inventors: George A. Neuman, Mario F. Saenger Nayver, John S. Anderson
  • Patent number: 11029518
    Abstract: A transparency includes a first substrate having a first surface and a second surface and a second substrate having a third surface and a fourth surface. An optical coating is positioned on the fourth surface and has a refractive index real component n of greater than about 1.6 and an nk ratio greater than about 0.4, both as measured at 550 nm. The optical coating is configured to attenuate the transmission of the second substrate and not substantially affect the reflectivity of the fourth surface, as viewed from the first surface, such that the attenuation factor is less than about 50%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Assignee: GENTEX CORPORATION
    Inventors: George A. Neuman, Mario F. Saenger Nayver, John S. Anderson
  • Patent number: 11011672
    Abstract: A quantum dot includes a core-shell structure including a core including a first semiconductor nanocrystal and a shell disposed on the core, and including a material at least two different halogens, and the quantum dot does not include cadmium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Garam Park, Tae Hyung Kim, Eun Joo Jang, Hyo Sook Jang, Shin Ae Jun, Yongwook Kim, Taekhoon Kim, Jihyun Min, Yuho Won
  • Patent number: 11009662
    Abstract: A manufacturing system for fabricating optical waveguides includes a diffusion channel with a plurality of inlets at a first end and an outlet at a second end opposite to the first end and separated from the inlets by a channel length. Each of the plurality of inlets includes a central inlet flowing a first resin into the diffusion channel such that the first resin flows along the channel length of the diffusion channel toward the outlet, and an outer inlet flowing a second resin along a periphery of the first resin. The second resin may have an index of refraction different than the first resin. The diffusion may occur between portions of the first resin and portions of the second resin over the channel length to form a composite resin having a profile with a plurality of indices of refraction in at least one dimension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Andrew John Ouderkirk
  • Patent number: 10928584
    Abstract: A Photonic Crystal Fiber (PCF) a method of its production and a supercontinuum light source comprising such PCF. The PCF has a longitudinal axis and includes a core extending along the length of said longitudinal axis and a cladding region surrounding the core. At least the cladding region includes a plurality of microstructures in the form of inclusions extending along the longitudinal axis of the PCF in at least a microstructured length section. In at least a degradation resistant length section of the microstructured length section the PCF includes hydrogen and/or deuterium. In at least the degradation resistant length section the PCF further includes a main coating surrounding the cladding region, which main coating is hermetic for the hydrogen and/or deuterium at a temperature below Th, wherein Th is at least about 50° C., preferably 50° C.<Th<250° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: NKT PHOTONICS A/S
    Inventors: Thomas Tanggaard Alkeskjold, Casper Laur Byg, Christian Jakobsen, Jens Kristian Lyngsøe, Kim G. Jespersen, Jeppe Johansen, Martin Dybendal Maack, Martin Erland Vestergaard Pedersen, Carsten L. Thomsen
  • Patent number: 10929667
    Abstract: An augmented reality optical system comprises a waveguide structure that includes a waveguide layer supported by a substrate. An input grating and an output grating reside within the waveguide layer and are laterally spaced apart. Input light from a display is made incident upon the input grating. The input light is coupled into the waveguide layer and travels therein as multiple guided modes to the output grating. The input and output gratings provide phase matching so that the guided modes are coupled out of the waveguide layer by the output grating continuously along the output grating to form output light. Meantime, light from a scene is transmitted perpendicularly through the output grating so that the output light and the light from the scene are combined by the eye of a user to form an augmented reality image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: John Tyler Keech, Mark Francis Krol
  • Patent number: 10879436
    Abstract: A light emitting device having a light-emitting element, a covering resin covering the light-emitting element, a wavelength converting material contained in the covering resin, and a light diffusing agent contained in the covering resin is provided. The light diffusing agent contains glass particles. A first refractive index n1 of the covering resin at a peak wavelength of a light emitted by the light-emitting element and at 25° C. is in a range of 1.48 to 1.60, a second refractive index n2 of the covering resin at the peak wavelength and at 100° C. is at least 0.0075 lower than the first refractive index n1, and a third refractive index n3 of the light diffusing agent at the peak wavelength and at 25° C. is higher than the first refractive index n1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2020
    Inventors: Motokazu Yamada, Tomonori Ozaki
  • Patent number: 10754093
    Abstract: A method of fabricating polymer modulators includes forming an insulating layer on a platform and depositing and patterning a ground electrode on the insulating layer. A bottom polymer cladding layer, a first blocking layer, a polymer core layer, a second blocking layer, and a top polymer cladding layer are deposited in order. A third blocking layer is deposited on the top cladding layer and patterned to define vias which are used to etch ground openings through the top polymer cladding layer, the second blocking layer, the core layer, the first blocking layer, and the bottom cladding layer to the ground electrode. The openings are filled with electrically conductive material from electrical communication with the ground electrode to a surface of the top polymer cladding layer. The third blocking layer is removed and electrical contacts are formed on the top polymer cladding layer in electrical communication with the electrically conductive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: Lightwave Logic Inc.
    Inventors: Zhiming Liu, Michael Lebby, Brian Shaw, Richard Becker, Youngwoo Yi
  • Patent number: 10693271
    Abstract: A broadband light source device (100) for creating broadband light pulses (1) comprises a hollow-core fiber (10) of non-bandgap type including a filling gas and being arranged for creating the broadband light pulses (1) by an optical nonlinear broadening of pump laser pulses (2), wherein the hollow-core fiber (10) has an axial hollow light guiding fiber core (11), which supports core modes of a guided light field, and an inner fiber structure (12), which surrounds the fiber core (11) and which supports transverse wall modes of the guided light field, and a pump laser source device (20) being arranged for creating and providing the pump laser pulses (2) at an input side (13) of the hollow-core fiber (10), wherein the transverse wall modes include a fundamental transverse wall mode and second and higher order transverse wall modes, the broadband light pulses (1) have a core mode spectrum being determined by a fiber length, a fiber core diameter, at least one pump pulse and/or beam parameter of the pump laser pu
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: Max-Plank-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V.
    Inventors: Patrick Sebastian Uebel, Philip St. J. Russell, Sebastian Thomas Bauerschmidt
  • Patent number: 10656331
    Abstract: A three-dimensional photonic integrated structure includes a first semiconductor substrate and a second semiconductor substrate. The first substrate incorporates a first waveguide and the second semiconductor substrate incorporates a second waveguide. An intermediate region located between the two substrates is formed by a one dielectric layer. The second substrate further includes an optical coupler configured for receiving a light signal. The first substrate and dielectric layer form a reflective element located below and opposite the grating coupler in order to reflect at least one part of the light signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: STMicroelectronics (Crolles 2) SAS
    Inventors: Frederic Boeuf, Charles Baudot
  • Patent number: 10551644
    Abstract: A Mach-Zehnder modulator includes an optical waveguide, first and second arm waveguides, an embedded area, an conductive semiconductor layer, first and second signal upper layers extending over the embedded area and connected to the first and second arm waveguides, a first ground upper layer extending over the embedded area along at least one of the first and the second signal upper layers, a ground lower layer connected to the first ground upper layer and extending through the embedded area along the and second first signal upper layers, and a first conductive upper layer connected to the ground lower layer and extending over the embedded area along at least one of the first and second signal upper layers. The ground lower layer extends between the optical waveguide, the first signal upper layer, and the second signal upper layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Assignee: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Naoya Kono
  • Patent number: 10520425
    Abstract: An integrated optofluidic device to illuminate, along an irradiation direction, a fluidic sample containing an object to be analysed, the device comprising: a substrate comprising an entry surface and being made of a material transparent to a light beam incident through the entry surface along the irradiation direction; a microfluidic channel formed in the substrate and having a channel portion intercepting the irradiation direction and extending along a longitudinal axis transverse to the irradiation direction, the microfluidic channel comprising a first flow inlet port for loading a fluidic sample therein, and an elongated lens cavity for an optofluidic cylindrical lens, the cavity being formed in the substrate and being arranged along the beam irradiation direction between the entry surface and the microfluidic channel, wherein the lens cavity is in fluid communication with a lens inlet port for loading a lens fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignees: POLITECNICO DI MILANO, CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE-CNR
    Inventors: Andrea Bassi, Petra Paiè, Roberto Osellame, Francesca Bragheri
  • Patent number: 10501867
    Abstract: A self-aligned tunable metamaterial is formed as a wire mesh. Self-aligned channel grids are formed in layers in a silicon substrate using deep trench formation and a high-temperature anneal. Vertical wells at the channels may also be etched. This may result in a three-dimensional mesh grid of metal and other material. In another embodiment, metallic beads are deposited at each intersection of the mesh grid, the grid is encased in a rigid medium, and the mesh grid is removed to form an artificial nanocrystal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Inventors: Arturo A Ayon, Ramakrishna Kotha, Diana Strickland
  • Patent number: 10481463
    Abstract: The present invention provides optical computing by means of fast Fourier transform Integration on Silicon On Insulator chip technology with implementation in the analog and temporal domain. This is done by cascading (N?2) stages of delayed interferometers (couplers and phase shifters) where a parallel set of N time samples are taken and using the delay lines and phase of the optical components (constructive/deconstructive interference) the DFT is computed. The Optical Fast Fourier Transform (OFFT) design was built on passive components (2×2 couplers: cascaded Mach Zehnder Interferometer) used for addition and subtraction through optical interference, waveguides with short path differences are used for phase shifting and waveguides with long path differences are used for signal delay based on the needed number of outputs. Since the OFFT is a system of imbalanced interferometers, there are additional bends designed to compensate for the difference in power ratios of the arms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: The George Washington University
    Inventors: Hani Nejadriahi, Volker J. Sorger
  • Patent number: 10274672
    Abstract: A microstructured optical fiber includes a core region and a cladding region which surrounds the core region. The cladding region includes a plurality of cladding features within a cladding background material, wherein the cladding region includes an inner cladding region with at least one inner ring of cladding features and an outer cladding region with at least three outer cladding rings of outer cladding features. The inner cladding features have a first characteristic diameter and the outer cladding region includes a plurality of outer cladding features having a characteristic diameter smaller than the first characteristic diameter. The first characteristic diameter is at least about 10% larger than an average diameter of the outer cladding features and the core region has a diameter of at least about 2 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: NKT PHOTONICS A/S
    Inventors: Jens Kristian Lyngsøe, Christian Jacobsen
  • Patent number: 10185082
    Abstract: There is provided an optical waveguide apparatus. The optical waveguide apparatus includes: a first clad layer; a core layer formed on the first clad layer; and a second clad layer formed on the first clad layer to cover the core layer. At least one of the first clad layer and the second clad layer includes a fully cured portion and a semi-cured portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: SHINKO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yusuke Ono
  • Patent number: 10126497
    Abstract: A three-dimensional photonic integrated structure includes a first semiconductor substrate and a second semiconductor substrate. The first substrate incorporates a first waveguide and the second semiconductor substrate incorporates a second waveguide. An intermediate region located between the two substrates is formed by a one dielectric layer. The second substrate further includes an optical coupler configured for receiving a light signal. The first substrate and dielectric layer form a reflective element located below and opposite the grating coupler in order to reflect at least one part of the light signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: STMicroelectronics (Crolles 2) SAS
    Inventors: Frederic Boeuf, Charles Baudot
  • Patent number: 10120263
    Abstract: Systems and methods for plasmonics enhanced photomixing for generating continuous-wave (CW) frequency-tunable terahertz radiation in accordance with embodiments of the invention are disclosed. A photomixing system configured to generate continuous-wave terahertz frequency signals can include an optical pump configured to generate at least two beams, where the at least two beams are utilized to create a frequency-offset and operate below a 50% duty cycle, where the duty cycle includes an operation cycle and a sleep cycle. The photomixing system can also include a photomixer that includes a radiating element configured to receive the frequency-offset and to generate a terahertz radiation utilizing the received frequency-offset and the radiating element, where the radiating element includes at least one plasmonic contact electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Mona Jarrahi
  • Patent number: 10120131
    Abstract: The invention relates to a planar-optical element having at least one photonic component, which is arranged in at least one substrate containing or consisting of at least one polymer, wherein the substrate includes at least one first film layer having a first side and an opposite second side and a second film layer having a first side and an opposite second side, wherein the first side of the second film layer is arranged on the second side of the first film layer and at least the second film layer contains nanowires, at least in a subarea. The invention also relates to a corresponding sensor element and a method for the production thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V
    Inventor: Wolfgang Schade
  • Patent number: 10114171
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to the field of fiber optics, and more particularly, to apparatuses, systems, and methods directed towards improving effective modal bandwidth within a fiber optic communication environment. In an embodiment, a multimode optical fiber in accordance with the present invention comprises a core and cladding material system where the refractive indices of the core and cladding are selected to modify the shape of the profile dispersion parameter, y, as a function of wavelength in such a way that the alpha parameter (?-parameter), which defines the refractive index profile, produces negative relative group delays over a broad range of wavelengths. The new shape of the profile dispersion parameter departs from traditional fibers where the profile dispersion parameter monotonically decreases around the selected wavelength that maximizes the effective modal bandwidth (EMB).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Panduit Corp.
    Inventors: Jose M. Castro, Richard J. Pimpinella, Bulent Kose, Brett Lane
  • Patent number: 10097307
    Abstract: Optical fiber data communications are described. A comb laser can provide light at a first wavelength and a second wavelength. Using that light, polarization multiplexing circuitry can generate an optical signal having different polarization components and transceivers can transmit the optical signal having the first wavelength and a probe having the second wavelength via an optical fiber. A polarimeter can determine characteristics of the polarization of the probe. Based on the characteristics, a polarization controller can adjust a polarization of the optical signal. The optical signal can then be split into different polarization components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Facebook, Inc.
    Inventor: Ilya Lyubomirsky
  • Patent number: 10074770
    Abstract: A quantum dot includes a core-shell structure including a core including a first semiconductor nanocrystal and a shell disposed on the core, and including a material at least two different halogens, and the quantum dot does not include cadmium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Garam Park, Tae Hyung Kim, Eun Joo Jang, Hyo Sook Jang, Shin Ae Jun, Yongwook Kim, Taekhoon Kim, Jihyun Min, Yuho Won
  • Patent number: 10042117
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a photonic crystal (PhC) all-optical AND-transformation logic gate, which comprises a PhC-structure unit, an optical-switch unit, a wave-absorbing load, a NOT-logic gate and a D-type flip-flop; two intermediate-signal output ports of the optical-switch unit are respectively connected with the intermediate-signal input port and the wave-absorbing load of the PhC-structure unit; a clock-signal CP input port is connected with three-branch waveguide, and three output ports are respectively connected with first clock-signal CP input port of the optical-switch unit, second clock-signal CP input port of the PhC-structure unit and the NOT-logic-gate input port; the NOT-logic-gate output port is connected with third clock-signal CP input port of the D-type flip-flop; the signal-output port of the PhC-structure unit is connected with the D-signal input port of the D-type flip-flop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Inventor: Zhengbiao Ouyang
  • Patent number: 10041832
    Abstract: A super continuum light source includes an input light source having semiconductor diodes generating an input beam having a wavelength shorter than 2.5 microns. Optical amplifiers receive the input beam and form an amplified optical beam having a spectral width. The optical amplifiers may include a cladding-pumped fiber amplifier doped with rare-earth materials. A nonlinear element may include mid-infrared fibers to receive the amplified optical beam and to broaden the spectral width of the received amplified optical beam to 100 nm or more through a nonlinear effect forming an output beam, wherein the output beam is pulsed. At least a portion of the output beam is in a mid-infrared wavelength range between 2 microns and 5 microns and at least a portion of the one or more mid-infrared fibers comprises a ZBLAN fluoride fiber coupled to a chalcogenide fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: OMNI MEDSCI, INC.
    Inventor: Mohammed N. Islam
  • Patent number: 9986217
    Abstract: A magneto photonic encoder, in plane, includes a set of periodic structures of magneto photonic crystals for rotating a polarization of a beam of light responsive to a controllable magnetic field as it is transmitted through the periodic structures. The rotated polarization, in cooperation with a non-reciprocal-mode conversion device produces an encoded signal without use of crossed polarizers. Path optics guide the light beam into the periodic structures for polarization rotation and then to direct the modified beam of light into the non-reciprocal-mode conversion device. Depending upon the implementation, the encoded output may serve as display image primitive precursor to produce an image constituent signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Inventor: Sutherland Cook Ellwood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9952099
    Abstract: A spectroscopic analysis device for analysis of a sample comprises an input for receiving light from the sample and a photonic integrated circuit. This photonic optical filter comprises one or more tunable bandpass filters arranged to filter the received light. Furthermore, the device comprises a controller that is arranged—to control the one or more tunable bandpass filters, to receive filter results obtained from the one or more tunable bandpass filters, and to provide spectroscopic analysis results based on the received filter results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
    Inventors: Klaas Cornelis Jan Wijbrans, Gerhardus Wilhelmus Lucassen, Bernardus Hendrikus Wilhelmus Hendriks
  • Patent number: 9939709
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an optical waveguide element that includes a substrate and a waveguide layer formed on the substrate and comprising lithium niobate. The waveguide layer has a slab part having a predetermined thickness and a ridge part protruding from the slab part. The maximum thickness of the slab part is 0.05 times or more and less than 0.4 times a wavelength of a light propagating in the ridge part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: TDK CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinji Iwatsuka, Kenji Sasaki, Satoshi Shirai
  • Patent number: 9927636
    Abstract: Transducers and methods of making the same include a substrate having a cavity with a diameter that supports whispering gallery modes at a frequency of an input signal. A focusing structure in the cavity focuses the electric field of the input signal. A resonator directly under the focusing structure has a crystalline structure that generates an electro-optic effect when exposed to electrical fields. An electric field of the input signal modulates an output signal in the resonator via the electro-optic effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Lev S. Bishop, Stefan Filipp, Jay M. Gambetta, Jason S. Orcutt, Hanhee Paik
  • Patent number: 9818983
    Abstract: Presently described is a method for coupling an optical film to a substrate, laminated optical constructions comprising an optical film and an optical coupling layer disposed on a surface layer of the optical film, and coating compositions useful for optical an optical coupling layer. The coating compositions comprise at least 40 wt.-% inorganic nanoparticles having a refractive index of at least 1.85 and a polymeric silane surface treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties
    Inventors: Encai Hao, Jonathan A. Anim-Addo, Guy D. Joly, Sergey Lamansky, James P. DiZio
  • Patent number: 9778542
    Abstract: Novel methods and systems for waveguide fabrication and design are disclosed. Designs are described for fabricating ridge, buried and hybrid waveguides by a femtosecond pulsed laser. A laser system may combine a diode bar, a wavelength combiner and a waveguide. The waveguide may convert the electromagnetic radiation of an infrared laser into that the visible-wavelength range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory David Miller, Gennady Imeshev
  • Patent number: 9726539
    Abstract: A white light spectroscopy system includes a super continuum light source having an input light source including semiconductor diodes to generate an input beam having a wavelength shorter than 2.5 microns. The light source includes a cladding-pumped fiber optical amplifier to receive the input beam, and a photonic crystal fiber to receive the amplified optical beam to broaden the spectral width to 100 nm or more forming an output beam in the visible wavelength range. The output beam is pulsed with a repetition rate of 1 Megahertz or higher. The system also includes a lens and/or mirror to receive the output beam, to send the output beam to a scanning stage, and to deliver the received output beam to a sample. A detection system includes dispersive optics and narrow band filters followed by one or more detectors to permit approximately simultaneous measurement of at least two wavelengths from the sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Omni Medsci, Inc.
    Inventor: Mohammed N. Islam
  • Patent number: 9709382
    Abstract: One or more light source apparatuses, one or more information acquisition apparatuses and related method(s) are discussed herein. At least one embodiment of a light source apparatus includes a light source that generates first pulsed light and a nonlinear optical medium that generates second pulsed light having a wavelength different from that of the first pulsed light due to incidence of the first pulsed light. The light source may be configured so that the center wavelength of the first pulsed light is variable across the zero dispersion wavelength of the nonlinear optical medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yukihiro Inoue, Hideo Iwase
  • Patent number: 9658400
    Abstract: A method of forming a device for propagating light includes providing a substrate having a semiconductor material; placing an insulating layer on the substrate; providing a recess reaching through the insulating layer and into the substrate; filling the recess at least partially with a filler material; and arranging a waveguide in or on the filler material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Jens Hofrichter, Daniel S. Jubin, Edward W. Kiewra, Antonio La Porta
  • Patent number: 9632248
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an integrated photonic device comprising a photonic substrate, and an integrated waveguide provided in or on this substrate. The waveguide is adapted for conducting radiation of a predetermined wavelength. The device further comprises a sub-wavelength grating optically connected to the waveguide, which provides a first periodic variation of the refractive index in at least one first spatial direction. The device also comprises a diffracting grating arranged over the sub-wavelength grating for coupling radiation of the predetermined wavelength in and/or out of the integrated waveguide via the sub-wavelength grating. The diffracting grating provides a second periodic variation of the refractive index in at least one second spatial direction. The first periodic variation has a first pitch that is less than half of the predetermined wavelength, while the second periodic variation has a second pitch that is at least half of the predetermined wavelength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignees: IMEC VZW, Universiteit Gent
    Inventor: Shankar Kumar Selvaraja
  • Patent number: 9547215
    Abstract: There is provided a device for performing an optical function, the device comprising one or more reflectionless potential wells in an array of waveguides; and one or more control solitons injected into the one or more reflectionless potential wells; wherein the one or more potential wells have potential well design parameters comprising a potential well number, and wherein the one or more control solitons have control soliton design parameters comprising a control soliton number and power; and wherein the optical function of the device is set by the potential well design parameters and the control soliton design parameters. There is also provided a method of manufacturing the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Usama Al Khawaja, Saeed Al Marzoug, Hocine Bahlouli
  • Patent number: 9535192
    Abstract: The disclosure provides for writing or introducing waveguide-like structures in transparent polycrystalline ceramics using femtosecond laser pulses. The disclosure further provides for tuning the demarcation of the waveguide-like structures by varying the number of incident pulses per unit area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Guillermo Aguilar-Mendoza, Javier E. Garay, Santiago Camacho-Lopez
  • Patent number: 9476769
    Abstract: An optical system includes a tunable semiconductor light emitter that generates an input beam having a wavelength shorter than about 2.5 microns, an optical isolator coupled to the emitter and configured to block reflected light into the emitter, an optical amplifier receiving the input beam and outputting an intermediate beam, and optical fibers receiving the intermediate beam and forming an output beam. A subsystem includes lenses or mirrors that deliver the output beam to a sample. The subsystem may include an Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) apparatus having a sample arm and a reference arm, the output beam having a temporal duration greater than approximately 30 picoseconds, a repetition rate between continuous wave and Megahertz or higher, and a time averaged intensity less than approximately 50 MW/cm2. The system may also include a light detection system collecting any of the output beam that reflects or transmits from the sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: Omni Medsci, Inc.
    Inventor: Mohammed N. Islam
  • Patent number: 9464005
    Abstract: A dielectric ceramic composition is represented by a general formula “xBi2O3.yZnO.(z-a)Nb2O5.aV2O5”. The variables, “x”, “y”, “z” and “a” in the general formula respectively satisfy the following conditions: 2.90?x?3.10, 1.90?y?2.10, 1.90?z?2.10, and 0.0005?a?0.020.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: TDK CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tomohiro Arashi, Osamu Taguchi, Tomoaki Kawata
  • Patent number: 9400215
    Abstract: A diagnostic system includes a semiconductor light emitter(s) configured to generate an input beam having a wavelength shorter than about 2.5 microns. An optical amplifier(s) configured to receive a portion of the input beam communicates an intermediate beam to an output end of the optical amplifier. An optical fiber(s) configured to receive a portion of the intermediate beam forms an output beam with an associated wavelength. A subsystem having lenses or mirrors receives a received portion of the output beam and delivers a delivered portion of the output beam to a sample. The delivered portion has a temporal duration greater than approximately 30 picoseconds and a repetition rate between continuous wave and Megahertz or higher. A time averaged intensity of the delivered portion is less than approximately 50 MW/cm2. A light detection system collects and analyzes a fraction of the delivered portion that reflects or transmits from the sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2016
    Assignee: Omni Medsci, Inc.
    Inventor: Mohammed N. Islam
  • Patent number: 9382471
    Abstract: A silicone product 100, a lighting unit comprising the silicone product and a method of manufacturing a silicone product are provided. The silicone product 100 comprises polymeric material 110, luminescent material 130 and filler particles 120. The polymeric material 110 comprises a material of the group of polysiloxanes. The polymeric material 110 being light transmitting. The luminescent material 130 comprises particles which have at least in one dimension a size in the nanometer range. The luminescent material 130 is configured to absorb light of a first spectral range and to convert a portion of the absorbed light into light of a second spectral range. The filler particles 120 are of a light transmitting inert material. The filler particles 120 are miscible with the luminescent material 130. The filler particles 120 are provided in the polymeric material 110. The particles of luminescent material 130 are distributed along a surface of the filler particles 120.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
    Inventors: Antonius Wilhelmus Maria Delaat, Roelof Koole, Marcel Rene Bohmer
  • Patent number: 9366811
    Abstract: A highly nonlinear optical fiber having an improved stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold is provided. The fiber includes a central core region made substantially from silica doped with aluminum, a trench region surrounding the central core region, and a silica cladding surrounding the trench region. The refractive index profile of the fiber is optimized. A refractive index difference of the central core region relative to the cladding (?n+) is less than 26×10?3, and more preferably at or near 21×10?3. A refractive index difference of the trench region relative to the cladding (?n?) is less than ?5×10?3. The trench region is preferably doped with fluorine. The aluminum doping level of the central core region is preferably less than 14 wt % Al. A fiber doped with aluminum having this refractive index profile exhibits a significantly higher figure of merit (Pth?Leff) than conventional germanium-doped fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: OFS FITEL, LLC
    Inventors: Lars Gruner-Nielsen, Soren Herstrom, Dan Peter Jakobsen, Bera Palsdottir