By Air Under Pressure Patents (Class 4/362)
  • Patent number: 10337180
    Abstract: The disclosed technology includes low flush toilet systems and methods of using low flush toilet systems. In one implementation, a low flush toilet system includes a first (or passive) tank, the first tank configured to preload a toilet rim, and a second (or pressurized) tank, the second tank including an internal air bladder, the internal air bladder configured to compress when exposed to water pressure from a supply line and configured to expand when a flush valve releases pushing water out of the second tank at a high flow rate and into a toilet for flushing. In some implementations, water flows from the pressurized tank at approximately 0.7-1.0 gallons per flush.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: OT LLC
    Inventors: Andrew Nathaniel Smith, Tyler Lorne Hebig, Paul Michael Goudreau, Michael Wade Strawn
  • Publication number: 20150082528
    Abstract: The invention claims a flush type toilet bowl, comprising a toilet bowl provided with a toilet inlay therein, wherein an elastic ring, a clamping ring and a J-shaped sealing ring are arranged under the toilet bowl drainage hose in sequence, and a nut is further equipped for sealing the end faces of the toilet bowl and the toilet inlay; the toilet bowl is provided with a cavity for containing the clean water and a double water spray jets extended out from the water-jet nozzle; the cavity is provided with a hose connected with the four-way valve, the water-jet nozzle and the hand-pressed air pump, next to the air pump is a button swith which you can flush the toilets by pressing it easily. The invention is developed as the gravity flush portable toilet and the cassette portable toilet by using the flush type toilet bowl as the basic universal part, thereby being used on the caravans.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Limin Ding, Jinning Ding, Jinghe Wang, Guifen Bai
  • Publication number: 20140208497
    Abstract: An explosion-proof method of an explosion-proof pressure type toilet tank, includes dividing the toilet tank into a closed air container to store air and a closed water container to store water. The water container is disposed with an inlet and an outlet. The air container is connected to the water container by a channel. The air container compressive ultimate strength is larger than that of the water container. When the tank is filled with water, the air in the water container enters the air container through the channel. When the tank pressure is too great, the water container bursts, steadily releasing the air compression of the air container through the channel to prevent the compression air from quickly blowing out.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventor: Caiyou LI
  • Patent number: 8615822
    Abstract: An air activated toilet flush system, including: a toilet bowl; a reservoir; a fluid conduit between the reservoir and the toilet bowl; a system for supplying water into the reservoir; and a system for supplying air into the reservoir, wherein a supply of air into the reservoir causes fluid to flow from the reservoir through the fluid conduit and into the toilet bowl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Fluidmaster, Inc.
    Inventors: Matt Vargas, Brian Lamb, Tom Stout, Eric Bennett, Tuan Le
  • Patent number: 8424126
    Abstract: A controllable toilet flushing apparatus comprises an activating handle mechanism configured in a hollow housing assembly positioned under a toilet tank to be placed directly or indirectly over a toilet bowl; a hollow housing assembly where the activating handle mechanism and an outlet funnel are configured from within is manufactured to work with a mating sealed toilet tank or an open-top toilet tank; the activating handle mechanism comprises a horizontal shaft loaded with at least one torsion spring, a lift arm positioned under the outlet valve opening is attached to the horizontal shaft at the pivotal end and the other end can be attached to the outlet valve cap, at least one activating handle attached to the horizontal shaft end thereof to activate a flush by forcing the outlet valve cap lifted upwardly which allows water from the toilet tank to be discharged into the toilet bowl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Inventor: Trung T Nguyen
  • Patent number: 7171701
    Abstract: The pressure-flushing device comprises a pressure vessel (2), which, for receiving flushing water, has a pressure chamber (D). The pressure chamber (D) can be filled with flushing water by means of an inlet valve (7). The pressure chamber (D) consists of cylindrical pressure chamber regions (D1, D2, D3) which are interconnected in a lower region of the pressure vessel (2). The pressure chamber regions (D1, D2, D3) are preferably formed by cylindrical walls (Z1, Z2, Z3), these walls being essentially circular in horizontal section. The pressure vessel (2) can be made from plastic and is both pressure-stable and compact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2007
    Assignee: Geberit Technik AG
    Inventors: Rolf Kuster, Peter Reichmuth
  • Patent number: 6550076
    Abstract: A pressure flush system for use within a toilet tank includes a pressure flush tank having an inlet port and a discharge port, an air inlet, and a valve assembly. The valve assembly includes a generally cylindrical housing, a water inlet in fluid communication with the pressure flush tank, a water outlet in fluid communication with the discharge port, a normally closed valve which allows fluid communication between the water inlet and water outlet when the valve is opened, a piston axially spaced from the valve, and a flexible tube positioned within the housing which is carried between the valve and the piston and in fluid communication therebetween. Relative to the valve, the piston is movable into and out sealing engagement with the discharge port to permit the discharge of water under pressure contained within the pressure flush tank. The flexible tube is movable in response to movement of the piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2003
    Assignee: Sloan Valve Company
    Inventor: Robert H. Fish
  • Patent number: 6467101
    Abstract: A toilet flushing and cleaning device includes a reservoir with a cylinder and a mixing tube disposed therein. The cylinder communicates with a water source. A plunger is slidably disposed in the cylinder. A plurality of spray nozzles communicate with the mixing tube. When a flush valve is opened to allow water into the cylinder, the piston is driven upwards. The increase in air pressure drives pressurized air and water into the mixing tube such that the spray nozzles clean the toilet with a burst of air-water mixture. In a further embodiment, a funnel is disposed in the toilet bowl and a bucket is suspended at the lower opening of the funnel. When the piston is driven upwards, the bucket is pivoted to release its contents. Additionally, a blower disposed between the funnel and the toilet bowl may be used to drawing air and odors from inside said funnel and directing air into said toilet bowl for release through the existing drain pipe and vent pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Inventor: Jorge Artola
  • Patent number: 6401270
    Abstract: An embodiment provides a toilet having a toilet pan 11, an outlet pipe 78 for the contents of the pan, a closeable lid 21 on the pan forming with the pan a waste receptacle chamber, a seal 22 between the lid 21 and the pan 11, means 12 for introducing water into the chamber to wash the internal surface of the pan, and means 2 for subsequently increasing the air pressure in the chamber to force the contents of the pan through the outlet pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2002
    Inventor: Garry Moore
  • Patent number: 6360378
    Abstract: A pressurized water closet operating system comprises an accumulator vessel for storing water and air under pressure. A flush valve controls the discharge of water from the vessel and comprises a cylinder having a lower end in fluid communication with the outlet of said vessel, a piston defining upper and lower chambers therein, an orifice in the piston, an aperture in the cylinder providing fluid communication between the interior of the accumulator vessel and the lower chamber in the cylinder, a valve on the piston normally closing the lower end of the cylinder so as to close the water outlet and openable upon upward movement of the piston to permit the discharge of water, and a normally closed flush valve actuator openable to effect fluid communication between ambient air pressure and the upper chamber in the cylinder whereby a fluid pressure differential across said piston effects upward movement thereof and opening of the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2002
    Assignee: W/C Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Raymond Bruce Martin
  • Publication number: 20020020009
    Abstract: The invention relates to a flush for toilets containing a container with an air vessel, a connection piece for the network, a connection piece for the flush, a valve housing comprising a control device and an injector tube. A suction device is joined to the injector tube. The flush is characterized in that an air-refilling opening (7) is arranged in the valve housing (6) underneath the control device (10) that is suitably accommodated in the valve housing (6). A jet tube (15) is arranged above the control device in order to deviate the flushing water. An air-introducing chamber (5) is arranged in and/or next to the jet tube (15).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2001
    Publication date: February 21, 2002
    Inventors: Laszlo Vas, Otto Vas, Sandor Kun
  • Patent number: 6263519
    Abstract: Pressure from the input water line (26) holds a toilet's flush-valve member (12) in its seat so as to prevent water in the toilet tank (16) from flowing through flush ports (18) and a flush conduit (22) into the toilet bowl or urinal. To release water through the flush conduit (22) a solenoid (42) is actuated to relieve the pressure acting on the flush-valve (12) so that a bias spring (24) lifts the flush-valve (12) off its seat (14). A solenoid (118) for performing this function can be located remotely from the flush-valve assembly and communicate with it by a hydraulic line (108).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2001
    Assignee: Arichell Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Natan E. Parsons, David W. Hadley
  • Patent number: 6029288
    Abstract: A pressure flushing system for use in a toilet tank includes a housing with a water inlet conduit, an air and water inlet assembly connected to the conduit and to the housing, and a water outlet for the housing. There is a flush valve within the housing for controlling flow of water from the inlet to the housing outlet. The air and water inlet assembly includes a chamber, with a water inlet connected to the chamber, and an outlet connected to the chamber. There is an air inlet accessible to air at atmospheric pressure and a passage between the air inlet and the chamber. A check valve is located in the passage, with the check valve opening in response to a venturi effect caused by water flow through the chamber to draw air into the chamber to mix with water flowing through the chamber and to the outlet. The check valve includes an elastomeric sleeve positioned within the passage and having normally closed flexible lips extending toward the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 29, 2000
    Assignee: Sloan Valve Company
    Inventors: Ming Ge, Danny G. Orlowski, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5596772
    Abstract: A toilet flushing system includes a fresh water feed, a fluid storage container connected to the fresh water feed, and a supply line coupled to the storage container and a toilet. The fluid storage container has a container casing and first and second separating diaphragms within the casing. The separating diaphragms define first, second and third partial chambers within the container casing for separately receiving gas and fresh water. The second partial chamber is defined between the separating diaphragms and receives gas. A valve in the fresh water feed and the supply line, closes the fresh water feed and the supply line. The valve is movable between a first switch position for filling the partial chamber with fresh water to be delivered to the toilet and a second switch position in which the third partial chamber simultaneously is filled with a medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1997
    Assignee: Hydac Technology GmbH
    Inventor: Otmar Schon
  • Patent number: 5553333
    Abstract: An apparatus for flushing a water closet bowl includes a pressurizable reservoir, within which is formed a primary and a secondary pressure zone. Formed at the bottom of the reservoir is an exit aperture through which the pressurized fluid is discharged into the bowl. Movably disposed within the reservoir is an elongate piston member. Formed at the top of the piston member is a hollow cup, which is movably disposed within a downwardly extending hollow cylinder within which is formed the secondary pressure zone. Formed at the bottom of the piston is a plug which seals the exit aperture. During a flushing action, pressure within the secondary pressure zone is released by operating a flushing lever, and the piston moves upwardly so as to release the plug from the exit aperture. In one embodiment, the flushing apparatus includes a fluid inlet regulator that controls the amount of fluid that is introduced into the reservoir from a fluid supply line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1996
    Inventor: Sven E. Andersson
  • Patent number: 5487193
    Abstract: A water saver toilet is provided, of the type that applies a vacuum to the toilet bowl outlet to assist flushing, which effectively uses the vacuum and which can be of low height. The toilet bowl outlet includes upper and lower trap devices (44, 50 in FIG. 2) connected by a trapway (46), with a vacuum source applied to the trapway during a flushing to pull out water and debris from the toilet bowl. One vacuum source (FIG. 3) includes a largely horizontal diaphragm (76) which separates a water chamber (82) from a vacuum chamber (80). The water chamber is initially filled with water, which is rapidly emptied during flushing, causing the diaphragm to rapidly fall from an upwardly bowed configuration (76) to a downwardly bowed configuration (76A). The vertically moving diaphragm produces a vacuum in the vacuum chamber that is connected to the trapway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1996
    Assignee: Fluidmaster, Inc.
    Inventor: Arnold Hennessy
  • Patent number: 5435019
    Abstract: A pressurized flushing assembly mounted in the tank of a toilet for providing a rapid and thorough flushing of the toilet bowl with a low volume of water. The assembly includes a water storage tank defining an outlet aperture communicating with the cistern drain and a valve assembly disposed within the storage tank for opening and closing the outlet aperture. The valve assembly communicates with a supply of pressurized water for directing water under pressure into the storage tank to compress the ambient air therein. The valve assembly includes a housing, a control valve, a fluid control piston, a cistern drain valve and a push button actuator for opening the control valve. Opening the control valve allows water within the valve assembly to flow therethrough and from the valve assembly, creating a pressure drop within the housing above the fluid control piston causing the fluid control piston rapidly to rise and allowing water to flow past the piston and from the valve assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Inventor: Edwin T. Badders
  • Patent number: 5406652
    Abstract: A water source (12, FIG. 1) is provided for mounting on a toilet housing (32) rearward of the toilet bowl (18), which has a small rearward-to-forward depth (D) and low height (H), and which enables close control of the flow of water and any vacuum to the toilet bowl and its outlet. The source includes a frame (40) for mounting on the rearward portion of the toilet housing, the frame having two wide holes (50, 52) and a diaphragm device (54, 56) extending across each hole to separate water regions (60, 62) from air regions (64, 66) that lie on opposite sides of the diaphragm. The holes and diaphragms form two horizontally spaced water supply units 42, 44 that lie on opposite sides of the toilet bowl outlet 24 to efficiently use space. A spring or weight biases each diaphragm to compress the water region. The two water regions are connected together and to a flush valve (14) for supplying water to the toilet bowl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1995
    Assignee: Fluidmaster Inc.
    Inventor: Arnold Hennessy
  • Patent number: 5363513
    Abstract: A pressurizable flushing toilet includes a pressurizable water container having a movable stopper closing a water discharge outlet in the container. A controller energizes a solenoid to move the stopper between an outlet closing position and an outlet opening position. A water level sensor is mounted in the container and supplies a signal to the controller indicative of the build-up of a predetermined level of water within the container. The controller activates a compressor to pressurize air in the container above the water to a predetermined pressure level. A pressure sensor is mounted in the container and generates an output signal when a predetermined pressure level is reached within the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1994
    Inventor: Karl Blankenburg
  • Patent number: 5241711
    Abstract: A pressurized flushing assembly mounted in the tank of a toilet for providing a rapid and thorough flushing of the toilet bowl with a low volume of water. The assembly includes a water storage tank defining an outlet aperture communicating with the cistern drain and a valve assembly disposed within the storage tank for opening and closing the outlet aperture. The valve assembly communicates with a supply of pressurized water for directing water under pressure into the storage tank to compress the ambient air therein. The valve assembly includes a housing, a control valve, a fluid control piston, a cistern drain valve and a push button actuator for opening the control valve. Opening the control valve allows water within the valve assembly to flow therethrough and from the valve assembly, creating a pressure drop within the housing above the fluid control piston causing the fluid control piston rapidly to rise and allowing water to flow past the piston and from the valve assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1993
    Inventor: Edwin T. Badders
  • Patent number: 4999859
    Abstract: This invention relates to a toilet system of the type with direct evacuation and rinsing without flushing effect nor siphon, constituted by a bowl of generally truncated form comprising at the level of its small base, in lower position, a trap controlled by a pneumatic jack, for intermittent communication with an evacuation conduit, and the bowl comprises at least one nozzle for projecting rinsing and evacuation water coming from a pressurizing chamber, characterized in that said system is connected to a source of energy constituted by a source of compressed air communicating on the one hand with the pressurizing chamber to ensure high pressure supply of the rinsing and evacuation nozzles and, on the other hand, with the pneumatic jack for maneuvering the trap, such communication being ensured by a pneumatic slide valve adapted to regulate and control the evacuation cycle comprising the synchronized phases, firstly, of opening of the trap and of projection of pressurized water and, secondly of closure of the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 19, 1991
    Assignee: Sanitaire Equipment
    Inventors: Bernard Bolze, Daniel Pittet
  • Patent number: 4819279
    Abstract: A vacuum toilet system for a vehicle (such as a boat) has numerous advantages. A single pump with valves on opposite sides of it may be used as both the vacuum source and for discharging sewage from a holding tank. Two sets of multiple heads may be selectively connected to two pumps for emergency purposes. The vacuum toilet includes a sealing element with an integral movable valve engaging element including polytetrylflouroethylene and synthetic rubber, and at the same durometer (55-65). The initial passageway provided by movement of the valve with respect to the seal is disposed directly above the center line of an orifice. An anti-siphon valve assembly has a simple construction of a housing with parallel legs and anti-siphon air passage in alignment with one of the legs. A spray nozzle extends from the other legs of the anti-siphon valve assembly. The toilet funnel/orifice is universally connected to conduits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1989
    Assignee: Sealand Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: James Sigler, Richard W. Sprang, Ronald J. Bailey, Edward McKiernan
  • Patent number: 4707868
    Abstract: A diaphragm valve for a toilet flushing mechanism, and a hydraulic flushing assembly using the valve, control water mains pressure for the pressure flushing of toilets with small quantities of water. Water mains pressure is used to retain a flexible diaphragm against the orifice through which flushing water from a pressurized tank can flow through the valve when flushing action is desired; flushing is initiated by temporarily lowering the water pressure applied to retain the diaphragm. Various designs of pressurized tank can be used to provide a constant or variable volume flush, which can be less than six quarts or liters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1987
    Assignee: AHED Research and Development Inc.
    Inventor: Arnold Hennessy
  • Patent number: 4521925
    Abstract: A lavatory system suitable for use on a commercial passenger aircraft includes at least one toilet bowl for receiving waste and a waste-holding tank in fluid communication with said toilet bowl for receiving waste from said toilet bowl. The waste-holding tank is kept at a pressure less than the ambient pressure surrounding the toilet bowl so that waste from the toilet bowl is drawn to the tank by the difference in pressure. A flush valve is provided in the drain line between the toilet bowl and the waste-holding tank and is selectively operable to pass the toilet bowl contents into the waste-holding tank. Water from the potable water supply system is provided to the toilet bowl to wash the sides of the toilet bowl and to assist in moving the waste material to the drain line. A water inlet valve is provided to selectively control the introduction of water into the toilet bowl and preferably the water inlet valve and flush valve are operated in a timed sequence by actuation of a single flushing switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1985
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Tyen C. Chen, Forrest B. Busching, William D. Hale, Bjorn R. Kristoffersen
  • Patent number: 4407025
    Abstract: A water-conserving toilet is disclosed and includes a bowl for receiving waste and a waste outlet extending laterally from the bowl and defining a first, shallow trap arranged so that a relatively shallow body of liquid is normally retained in the bottom of the bowl for preventing gaseous flow through the trap. A flush system is provided and is arranged, when operated, to deliver a charge of flushing liquid into the bowl in a direction to cause said body of liquid to be discharged through said outlet. An enlarged chamber communicates with said bowl outlet for receiving waste from the bowl. An outlet extends outwardly from the chamber and is adapted for connection to a sewer inlet. The chamber outlet defines a second trap of substantial height capable of preventing reverse flow of sewer gas into the chamber in use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1983
    Inventors: Arnold Hennessy, John D. Inch
  • Patent number: 4310934
    Abstract: A water-conserving toilet is disclosed and includes a bowl for receiving waste and a waste outlet extending laterally from the bowl and defining a first, shallow trap arranged so that a relatively shallow body of liquid is normally retained in the bottom of the bowl for preventing gaseous flow through the trap. A flush system is provided and is arranged, when operated, to deliver a charge of flushing liquid into the bowl in a direction to cause said body of liquid to be discharged through said outlet. A waste holding tank communicates with said bowl outlet for receiving waste from the bowl and the holding tank has an outlet extending outwardly from the tank and adapted for connection to a sewer inlet. The holding tank outlet defines a second trap of substantial height capable of preventing reverse flow of sewer gas into the holding tank in use and the holding tank and second trap are arranged to contain a volume of liquid substantially in excess of the volume discharged from the bowl at each flush.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1979
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1982
    Inventors: Arnold Hennessy, John D. Inch
  • Patent number: 4232409
    Abstract: Presented is an apparatus for use in conjunction with a toilet of the flush-type which utilizes a charge of compressed air in conjunction with a low volume of water to discharge waste products from a toilet fixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1978
    Date of Patent: November 11, 1980
    Inventor: Minh Van Pham
  • Patent number: 4183108
    Abstract: A water reservoir tank storing a primary body of water for release to a toilet bowl for flushing is associated with a pressure tank that stores a minor amount of water at a pressure considerably higher than that of the primary body and is discharged during flushing to join the water released from the reservoir tank and impart increased overall energy to the water in the bowl. A predetermined time delay is introduced between start of the flushing action and discharge of water from the pressure tank. The pressure tank is automatically discharged and recharged during each flushing cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1980
    Inventor: William H. Hamilton
  • Patent number: 4143433
    Abstract: A water closet of the tank type in which air is entrapped in the tank creating pressure to assist in expelling flushing water to a bowl during the flushing cycle. The flushing cycle is activated by a disc valve and piston connected to a domestic water supply for dislodging a float and valve from a valve seat. The water closet is constructed with a minimum of moving parts by employing a piston for dislodging the float which temporarily cuts off the flow of water to the bowl and utilizes the water pressure for returning the piston to the static position. The system also employs a vacuum breaker assembly having a ball in an angled pipe maintained by gravity against a seat in the flushing water line. The force of the water flowing into the bowl forces the ball from the seat during flushing. The ball returns to the seat by the force of gravity on the completion of flushing, preventing back pressure from any vacuum in the domestic water supply.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1978
    Date of Patent: March 13, 1979
    Inventor: E. Chris Skousgaard
  • Patent number: 4142262
    Abstract: A water reservoir tank storing a primary body of water for release to a toilet bowl for flushing houses a pressure tank that stores a minor amount of water at a pressure considerably higher than that of the primary body and is discharged during flushing to join the water released from the reservoir tank and impart increased overall energy to the water in the bowl. The pressure tank is automatically discharged and recharged during each flushing cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1977
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1979
    Inventor: William H. Hamilton
  • Patent number: 4115883
    Abstract: A toilet for conserving water, the toilet having a water storage chamber which includes an expandable diaphragm wall that on filling under household water supply pressure conforms to a wall of a complimentary air chamber separated from the storage compartment by the diaphragm. The chamber communicating with a gated discharge cavity between a trap and a sewage line, wherein water in the storage compartment is released at a high flow rate into a bowl having sedentary waste water, the waste water being exhausted from the bowl into the discharge cavity by a partial vacuum action generated by the contracting diaphragm concurrent with the introduction of the supply water, the waste water being gated from the discharge cavity into the sewer line on reduction of the vacuum pressure, whereby the supply water replaces rather than flushes the waste water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1978
    Inventor: Hector A. Dauvergne
  • Patent number: 4075718
    Abstract: A plumbing system for flushing a toilet bowl is provided having one or more high pressure nozzles disposed about the rim of the bowl so that the discharge from the nozzles will impinge upon all of the interior surfaces of the bowl; the nozzles are each connected to a common pressure chamber through a flush valve; the pressure chamber contains an air pocket which will be compressed when liquid under main pressure accumulates in the pressure chamber; liquid from a water main is supplied to the pressure chamber through an adjustable flow restrictor so that, when the flush valve is open and water from the pressure chamber is discharged under pressure through the nozzles, a subsequent flushing cycle will be delayed until a predetermined line pressure builds up in the pressure chamber; a reservoir tank is connected to the bowl drain and is adapted to collect water from other utility stations until a predetermined quantity of liquid is present in the reservoir; control means are provided to discharge liquid from the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1975
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1978
    Inventor: William J. Hargraves