Nail, Spike Or Tack Having Locking Device Patents (Class 411/922)
  • Patent number: 9861350
    Abstract: Described herein are devices and methods for delivering implants that have multiple coupled anchors. The anchors have an elongate form following a curved arcuate path in a single turning direction. Each anchor has two legs arranged to diverge away from each other, where each leg has a substantially non-constant radius of curvature and a substantially straight distal tip. The anchors are secured to tissue using a multi-opening guide tunnel that is configured to releasably retain one or more portions of the implant located between two of the anchors. The releasable retention of one or more intervening portions of the implant maintains the position of the implant and the guide tunnel until the implant is secured to the tissue. One variation of a multi-opening guide tunnel has releasable retention flaps and an aperture capable of deploying a fluid contrast medium into a patient without interfering with anchor delivery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: Ancora Heart, Inc.
    Inventors: Eugene Serina, Tammy Y. Tam, Jennifer L. Henderson
  • Patent number: 8469645
    Abstract: A pneumatically drivable fastener secures drywall or other construction material to a metal stud. Each fastener comprises a driving head; and a one piece shank component, secured at one end to the driving head. Each shank component has an axial length extending perpendicularly and longitudinally from the driving head and is divided into two or three sections: (a) an optional, solid section closest to the driving head; (b) an intermediate section with grooves that define stud cutting edges; and (c) two or more forked ends opposite the driving head. A method for fastening drywall to a plurality of metal studs is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Inventor: Lawrence J. Dichiera
  • Patent number: 8052365
    Abstract: A pushpin device of one embodiment preferably comprises a head adapted to allow a user to apply pressure to the head without discomfort. A longitudinally extending fastening member comprises a point at a distal end and is coupled to the head at a proximal end. A base comprises an aperture. The aperture is configured to allow the fastening member to pass through the base as the head moves proximate to the base. An outer member is coupled to the head and the base. The outer member comprises a first position in which the head is spaced from the base and the outer member encloses a longitudinal segment of the fastening member. In a second position the head is proximate to the base and the outer member is deformed, thereby allowing the fastening member to extend through the aperture. The outer member exerts a countering force on the base and the head. One of the head and the base comprises magnetically susceptible material and the other comprises magnetic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: Enlisted Design, LLC
    Inventor: Jared H. Aller
  • Patent number: 6872042
    Abstract: A novel fastener comprises a head having a recess for receiving a rotary driver, a shank having knurls defined by generally helical grooves and intersecting generally annular grooves, wherein a plurality of the knurls include a lateral cutting edge, and a generally pointed tip. Another novel fastener comprises a head having a recess for receiving a rotary driver, a shank having a predetermined diameter small enough so that the head will break away from said shank upon application of a predetermined torque, and said shank having knurls defined by generally helical grooves and intersecting generally annular grooves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: Cheryl L. Panasik, Kenneth R. Levey, David B. Speer
  • Patent number: 6250862
    Abstract: Angled warp spikes enable secure attachment to the steel flooring of a railroad boxcar. Such flooring includes transverse slots with a curved depth profile. The warp spikes are designed to deform or warp as they are driven into a flooring slot and conform to the curved depth profile. Tiedown fixtures fabricated of steel plate can be attached to the floor of a boxcar by warp spikes driven through elongated openings in the fixture into slots in the boxcar flooring. Tiedown fixtures used with warp spikes provide a boxcar tiedown system to which tiedown load carrying members, such as cables, chains, braces and struts can be connected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Assignee: Davis Aircraft Products Co., Inc
    Inventor: Daniel F. Dunmire
  • Patent number: 6089808
    Abstract: An obliquely collated strip of brads useable in an angled magazine of a fastener driving tool, each brad having a head on one end and a point on an opposite end, the point of each brad of the collated strip of brads having a tip defined by converging first, second and third facets so as to form an edge at an acute angle relative to an axis of the brad, the edge of each brad forming a substantially continuous edge of the collated strip of brads, the head of each brad of the collated strip of brads arranged step-wise relative to the head of an adjacent brad, the step-wise arrangement of heads forming a stepped edge substantially parallel to the substantially continuous edge of the collated strip of brads, the head of each brad of the collated strip of brads being disposed at an angle relative to the axis of the brad, the angle of the head sloping oppositely relative to the angle of the substantially continuous edge of the collated strip of brads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventor: Edward G. Sutt, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6062789
    Abstract: A nail 10 for securing vinyl siding 26 to wall sheathing 28 by inserting a pointed end 20 of the nail 10 through a center of a nail slot 30 provided in an edge of the siding 26. A frusto-conical tapered formed bushing 12 proved on a shaft 14 of the nail 10 adjacent to and spaced apart from a head 16 of the nail 10 so that the nail slot 30 of the siding 26 can be popped into the space between the head 10 and the bushing 12 before the nail 10 is driven fully into a wall sheath 28. A smaller flat face 18 of the bushing 12 facing a pointed end 20 of the shaft 14 and a larger flat face 22 facing the head 16. The larger flat face 22 of the tapered formed bushing 12 being either parallel with or at an acute angle to a lower surface 24 of the head 16.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Inventor: Larry D. Pope
  • Patent number: 5810534
    Abstract: This invention relates to a nail having a head and an elongated shank with two deformed or cleated portions along the axis of the shank to increase the holding properties of the nail, especially when used to secure sheathing material to floor joists, roof trusses, or wall studs. The increased holding property is largely attributed to the second cleated portion having a diameter of about 2-25% larger than the first cleated portion of the shank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1998
    Assignee: Senco Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert S. Carlisle, James P. Elliott, Roger Blair
  • Patent number: 5741104
    Abstract: A steel fastener has an elongate shank, an enlarged head formed at one end of the shank, and a generally pointed tip formed at the other end of the shank. A grooved portion of the shank is formed with helical grooves defining helical ribs and with annular grooves defining annular rings. The shank has a cylindrical portion between the grooved portion and the tip and a cylindrical portion between the grooved portion and the head. Each of the annular grooves has a root where deepest and each of the annular rings has a crest where largest. The roots define an imaginary cone diverging toward the tip. The crests define an imaginary cone converging toward the tip. The shank has an exterior surface coated with a polymeric coating, which is formed from an aqueous composition containing a water-based acrylic resin and a water-based polyurethane resin. A zinc layer and a chromate conversion layer are provided between the polymeric coating and the exterior surface of the shank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1998
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: Geronimo E. Lat, William L. Gabriel, Henry A. Sygnator, deceased, Henry W. Schniedermeier, Frederick A. Kish
  • Patent number: 5704751
    Abstract: A V-nail fastener has a leading edge that is partially formed with asymmetric sharpening, limited substantially to the central sections. Flange elements extend generally perpendicularly to the panel elements of which the central (V-shaped) portion is constructed and cooperate therewith to give the fastener a W-shaped overall profile. The lateral sections of the leading edge, which extend along the flange elements, are substantially devoid of sharpening, or are otherwise so formed as to permit the directional influence of the asymmetric sharpening to occur substantially undiminished.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1998
    Assignee: The Fletcher-Terry Company
    Inventors: Vincent T. Kozyrski, Alan R. Peters
  • Patent number: 5642974
    Abstract: A building assembly comprises a wooden board, a metal framing member, and a fastener having an elongate shank, an enlarged head, and a generally pointed end and fastening the board to the framing member. The shank has a ringed portion with annular grooves defining annular rings having a uniform, outer diameter, helical grooves intersecting the annular grooves, a cylindrical land having a smaller diameter and dividing the ringed portion into an axially longer subportion nearer to the tip and an axially shorter subportion nearer the head, a cylindrical land between the tip and the ringed portion, and a cylindrical land between the head and the ringed portion. The fastener is driven through the board and through the framing member wall so that the head bears against the board, so that the tip and the shank form, from the wall of the framing member, a generally annular lip projecting toward the tip and so that the lip is disposed around the cylindrical land dividing the ringed portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 1, 1997
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: William L. Gabriel, Lawrence S. Shelton, Henry A. Sygnator, Elizabeth J. Eckmann
  • Patent number: 5567101
    Abstract: A lock-in grip arm shank nail provides holding power. The nail has a shank between a head for driving the and a point to penetrate the surface. The shank includes at least one set of apertures parallel to the head and capable of receiving a u-shaped wire. The u-shaped wire has its base in the aperture and arms extending on either side of the shank toward the head of the nail. The arms have a rounded tip and may include a wave shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Inventor: Donald A. Martin
  • Patent number: 5557898
    Abstract: A wall construction using metal studs upon which wallboard is adhered and wood trim can be applied with a barbed finish nail that has a plurality of barbs along its shank that are flexible to retract axially along the shank as the nail is driven, and expand to catch material and hold the nail in place, wherein the nail further has a low profile head that reduces the amount of finish work required to the applied wood trim.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1996
    Inventor: Timothy J. Dixon
  • Patent number: 5492452
    Abstract: A fastening nail for fixing a cover membrane to a bone void which surrounds the bone of the body itself and is filled with an ossiferous material has a nail head with a larger diameter which enables receiving pressure of an impact tool for inserting a nail shaft with a smaller diameter into the bone. The nail shaft has essentially a cylindrical holding part extending to a conical tapering point part adjacent one end and is provided with a transition region between the holding part and point part having an annular shoulder with an enlarged diameter which has a conical surface merging obliquely with the generated surface of the point part in a direction toward the point of the nail and an annular surface extending substantially perpendicular relative to the holding axis of the nail. To insert the nail, the setting tool is elongated and has resilient jaws for gripping the nail and is used in combination with an auxiliary tool which has a foot with downwardly extending points for holding the membrane on the bone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 20, 1996
    Assignees: Axel Kirsch, Eberle Medizintechnische Elemente GmbH
    Inventors: Axel Kirsch, Walter Duerr
  • Patent number: 5489179
    Abstract: A building assembly comprises a wooden board, a metal framing member, and a fastener having an elongate shank, an enlarged head, and a generally pointed end and fastening the board to the framing member. The shank has a ringed portion with annular grooves defining annular rings having a uniform, outer diameter, helical grooves intersecting the annular grooves, a cylindrical land having a smaller diameter and dividing the ringed portion into an axially longer subportion nearer to the tip and an axially shorter subportion nearer the head, a cylindrical land between the tip and the ringed portion, and a cylindrical land between the head and the ringed portion. The fastener is driven through the board and through the framing member wall so that the head bears against the board, so that the tip and the shank form, from the wall of the framing member, a generally annular lip projecting toward the tip and so that the lip is disposed around the cylindrical land dividing the ringed portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1996
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: William L. Gabriel, Lawrence S. Shelton, Henry A. Sygnator, Elizabeth J. Eckmann
  • Patent number: 5423858
    Abstract: A two-part fastener for use in septoplasty procedures includes a fastener portion having a base with shaft extending perpendicularly therefrom and a retainer having an aperture for engagement with the shaft. The fastener may include indexing means for positioning the retainer in engagement with the fastener portion at discrete spaced apart locations along the shaft. In another embodiment the shaft is slightly larger in diameter than the aperture in the retainer to effect a frictional engagement. Applicator instruments are also provided. In one embodiment the applicator includes two elongated members pivotally connected in the middle. In another embodiment the applicator includes an elongated body which holds a plurality of septoplasty fasteners. A pivotally connected lower jaw holds a supply of retainers. A pusher member drives the fastener through a curved firing chamber, through body tissue, and into engagement with the retainer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1995
    Assignee: United States Surgical Corporation
    Inventors: Henry Bolanos, Dominick L. Mastri, Wayne P. Young, Boris Zvenyatsky
  • Patent number: 5375957
    Abstract: An impact drivable fastener, suitable for fastening sheet metal articles, includes a shank extending from a tip (10) at one end, which tip is adapted to be driven through a metal sheet, and a head (10) at the other end. A large pitch multi-start thread formation (11), including ribs separated by flutes, is formed on a part of the shank. The depth of the flutes and the height of the ribs increases uniformly from zero at the starting end of the formation nearer to the tip to maximum values at a position adjacent the head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1994
    Assignee: John Lysaght (Australia) Limited
    Inventor: Brad F. Golledge
  • Patent number: 5372604
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for anchoring suture to bone includes an anchor formed by twisting a wire to provide a loop with two legs extending distally from the twist. Each leg bends outwardly through 180.degree. to define respective knee segments between inner and outer leg segments, the outer leg segments terminating in sharp points for penetrating a bone tunnel wall. The outer leg segments are initially parallel and define an anchor width smaller than the bone tunnel diameter, thereby permitting the anchor to be inserted into and removed from the tunnel. The anchor is deployed with an insertion tool arranged to deformably pivot the outer leg segments about the knee segments, thereby causing the pointed ends to penetrate the tunnel wall in response to applied withdrawal forces. The anchor wire may be assembled on an anchor sleeve through which the loop projects proximally while the outer leg segments reside in wire relief recesses defined in the sleeve periphery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 13, 1994
    Assignee: Linvatec Corporation
    Inventor: Arthur F. Trott
  • Patent number: 5291703
    Abstract: A survey monument has a simple spring clip extraction restricting means formed as a wire form spring member to provide a straight leg inserted in a diametral opening in the rod and a curved co-planar leg which effects a snap fit with the outer periphery of the rod. An axially extending leg is offset radially outwardly and yields to displacement while imparting rotational torque to the rod when the rod is driven into the ground, but opens and restricts extraction when the rod is moved in an opposite direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1994
    Assignee: Surv-Kap, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard W. Ziegler
  • Patent number: 5261760
    Abstract: An improved curb section of precast concrete subdivided into modules by transverse grooves which give the appearance of shorter blocks and provide for fracturing the curb section at those locations. Each module of the curb section has a rearward T-shaped projection. L-shaped projection is formed at each end module of the curb section in proximity to the end face so that L-shaped projections of adjacent curb section form a projection equivalent to a T-shaped projection. T-shaped projections and an adjacent pair of L-shaped projections are anchored by sliding a channel-shaped anchor element which engages the projections and has a V-shaped lower end to penetrate the pavement or ground. The modules of the curb section can be of rectangular shape or tapered thereby defining rectilinear elongated curb sections or curved elongated curb sections which can be fastened adjacent to one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1993
    Assignee: Groupe Permacon Inc.
    Inventors: Bertin Castonguay, Rejean Castonguay, Waguih Chikani, Jean Boucher, Pierre Michaud, Gilles Desharnais, Jacques Marc-Aurele, Elie Chiniara
  • Patent number: 5258011
    Abstract: A corneal rivet for passing internally through the cornea and for providing closure of an incision in the cornea with a mechanically and optically configured rivet body including a first rivet head secured at one end thereto and a second member for securing to the other end of the rivet. The securing can either be through frictional engagement of the second member to the rivet body, through a knotting, a crimping, staking, threading, pinning, heat forming a ball or mushroom member, or a ratcheting engagement. The corneal rivet body can be utilized to suture other tissues besides the cornea, such as sclera, iris, other ocular tissues, skin, flesh, or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1993
    Inventor: Robert C. Drews
  • Patent number: 5251996
    Abstract: A connecting element for connecting two parts (1, 2) generally in a connection plane has a first portion (4) for connecting the element (3) relative to a first (1) of the parts and second portion (5) for connecting the element relative to the second part (2). The second portion (5) includes actuation members (6) which on relative movement of the parts (1, 2) substantially along the connection plane urge the parts forcefully towards each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1993
    Inventors: Mats Hiller, Leif Skogsberg
  • Patent number: 5160085
    Abstract: An improved railroad spike, configured to resemble a conventional U.S. railroad spike as to its head, shank and tip. The improved spike features (1) a keyhole bore which extends between and through the head and top of the spike, and (2) and a pair of angular V-grooves on the shank in communication with the bore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1992
    Inventors: James W. Arnold, Evelyn J. Arnold
  • Patent number: 5149237
    Abstract: A coated metal fastener and a coating composition that has particular affinity for plaster materials and the like is disclosed. The composition that is applied to the fastener contains a copolymer of styrene and maleic anhydride and a thermoplastic resin, preferably polyvinyl acetate, in an inert organic solvent. The organic solvent can be an aromatic solvent, a ketone, a chlorohydrocarbon, or a mixture thereof. The composition is applied to the fastener by conventional methods and cured thereon at about ambient temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1992
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: William L. Gabriel, Geronimo E. Lat, Lawrence S. Shelton
  • Patent number: 5127785
    Abstract: A nail is adapted to be inserted in a solid material with a wire hooked to the nail in such a way so that the wire is inserted with the nail into the solid material. The nail is crosswise perforated with grooves on each side of the nail to provide a tight pathway for the wire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1992
    Inventor: Raymond G. Faucher
  • Patent number: 5037257
    Abstract: Disclosed is an anchor assembly especially for use in a plastic wall-panel which comprises a plug formed of a forward section comprising a tapering plastic board-piercing part and an integral ram head, and of a hollow cylindrical section pivotably connected to the forward section. The assembly may further comprise a spike capable of being driven into the hollow cylindrical section, the spike being provided with a cylindrical portion having serrations on its outer surface for bitting into the cylindrical section or ram head and thus being secured to this section or head. The spike is provided with a hammer portion having a length sufficient at least to engage the ram head, as it is driven into the plug, and to cause pivotal of the forward section of the plug and abutment thereof against the concealed side of the plaster-wall panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1991
    Assignee: Roll It Inc.
    Inventors: Nick Kubic, Denis Genois
  • Patent number: 5011354
    Abstract: A fastener for use particularly to temporarily secure wood strip members to a concrete substrate includes an upper cylindrical head overlying a first cylindrical shank, with a truncated conical further head coaxially aligned with the cylindrical head, with a second shank positioned between the further head and an elliptical, deformable anchor portion including a third shank underlying the anchor portion. The anchor portion is deformable to enhance securement of the fastener within the concrete substrate, and wherein further the cylindrical head and the further head define a gap therebetween to enable removal of the fastener by application of a tool to the first shank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1991
    Inventor: Ritch J. Brownlee
  • Patent number: 4979859
    Abstract: A fastener for attaching objects such as tow boards to hardened substrates such as a concrete floor is constructed in the form of a driven nail having a head. The shank of the nail is constructed of a plurality of symmetrical hardened prismatic edges, at least three being required for proper resistance to hammering loads. The edges extend from the outer periphery of the head to the driving point; the prisms are joined to form the central axis of the fastener.The construction of the nail is such that all force from driving blows is contained and supported within one or more of the edges, preventing bending of the nail shank at the juncture of nail head and shank, and preventing deformation of the nail under the driving force of a hammer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: December 25, 1990
    Inventor: Junia Castleberry
  • Patent number: 4935028
    Abstract: A corneal rivet for passing internally through the cornea and for providing closure of an incision in the cornea with a mechanically and optically configured rivet body including a first rivet head secured at one end thereto and a second member for securing to the other end of the rivet. The securing can either be through frictional engagement of the second member to the rivet body, through a knotting, a crimping, staking, threading, pinning, heat forming a ball or mushroom member, or a ratcheting engagement. The corneal rivet body can be utilized to suture other tissues besides the cornea, such as sclera, iris, other ocular tissues, skin, flesh or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Inventor: Robert C. Drews
  • Patent number: 4932820
    Abstract: A nail designed to be initially driven through a first board, and into a second board so as to assemble the boards with the boards engaging each other, and to be subsequently pulled or removed, as by means of a crowbar or a claw upon a hammer head, so as to disassemble the boards is disclosed as including a head and a shank with a pointed end. A relatively smooth portion of the shank extends axially from the pointed end for a substantial distance. A relatively rough portion, which is formed with annular, frustoconical rings defining annular grooves, extends axially from the relatively smooth portion toward the head for a distance approximately equal to the thickness of the first board. A relatively smooth portion extends axially between the relatively rough portion and the head. The nail has differential holding capabilities per unit length along its shank, when driven the wooden boards.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 12, 1990
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works, Inc.
    Inventor: Henry W. Schniedermeier
  • Patent number: 4925353
    Abstract: A fastening system for securing an article to a base uses a conventional drive fastener. A reaction surface on the article contacts the bearing surface on the underside of the fastener head causing the fastener head to tilt relative to the body of the fastener. The reaction surface also causes the body of the drive fastener to deform when it is fully driven into the article, and a portion of the material from the reaction surface is displaced into the aperture to increase the retention force of the fastener.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1990
    Assignee: Litton Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael N. Perugini
  • Patent number: 4846655
    Abstract: A lawn spike for anchoring objects, such as lawn edging, within a lawn utilizes a head and a pointed plastic shank shaped to enhance the strength of the shank and to cooperate with the ground, when operatively driven therein, to resist withdrawal of the spike therefrom. The shank includes a substantially cylindrical main section and a plurality of frusto-conical sections positioned about and spaced along the length of the main section so that each of the frusto-conical sections tapers toward the pointed end of the shank. The shank portion also includes a plurality of strengthening ribs formed with and extending longitudinally along the cylindrical periphery of the main section and which are also formed with so as to be joined to adjacent frusto-conical sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1989
    Assignee: Vinylex Corporation
    Inventor: John Q. Gulley
  • Patent number: 4809849
    Abstract: A stack of fasteners cooperatively define a lateral groove which cooperates with an elongate rib to orient the stack in a magazine of a driving machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 7, 1989
    Assignee: The Fletcher-Terry Company
    Inventors: Vincent T. Kozyrski, Alan R. Peters, Ralph B. Shaw
  • Patent number: 4797046
    Abstract: A fastening unit with nail anchorage, is provided including a cylindrical body with a head and a support leg. The body includes a surface parallel to its axis for guiding an anchorage nail. The leg includes an expansion surface, slanted in one direction with respect to the axis of the body, and a surface for maintaining the nail under pressure, bent back in the other direction towards the axis of the body. The expansion surface extends between the guide surface and the pressure maintenance surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 10, 1989
    Assignee: Societe de Prospection et D'Inventions Techniques (S.P.I.T.)
    Inventors: Jean Ollivier, Jean-Paul Barthomeuf
  • Patent number: 4795294
    Abstract: The fixing device comprises a body adapted to be secured directly onto a brittle wall or secured to the brittle wall with a member to be attached to the wall interposed therebetween. The body is formed with at least two guide holes passing therethrough from the top to the bottom thereof each for receiving therein a fixing member such as a set screw or a nail so that it is driven into the wall to thereby fixedly secure the body onto the wall. The guide holes are oriented in such an inclinded direction with respect to the normal to the wall that the fixing members do not intersect with each other and do not extend in parallel to each other when they are inserted into the body and driven into the wall, thereby permitting the body to be securely fixed to the wall. An engaging member having integrally formed therewith a supportng portion such as a hook or a hanger may be detachably engaged over the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1989
    Assignee: Nippon Light Metal Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tetsuo Takada, Mikio Kita, Kenzo Yonemochi
  • Patent number: 4781508
    Abstract: A nail having a head and a shaft and a plurality of flutes extending from the head down the shaft and projecting outwardly from the axis of the shaft for a distance equal to the radius of the head. The nail is favorably employed in a device for automatically delivering the nail to affix soft material, particularly drywall, foam board and the like, to solid surfaces without disintegrating the material. The lower end of each flute is spaced from the nail head a distance substantially equal to the thickness of the soft material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1988
    Inventors: Norman Schroeder, Irving Ahlbeck, III, Bradley Schroeder, Steven Stanwick
  • Patent number: 4728237
    Abstract: A hanger adapted to be driven into a wooden frame member includes a one-piece stamped metal member having a head and a flat elongate symmetrical shank with a series of lands and grooves disposed on opposite sides of the longitudinal axis of the shank between its tip and a pair of laterally extending shoulders on its head. Inclined camming surfaces extend between the lands and grooves and cooperate therewith to compress the wood fibers laterally of the shank as it is driven into the wood. A lateral gripping surface behind each land surface engages the wood fibers which expand into the distally adjacent groove to provide a positive gripping action which resists disengagement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1988
    Assignee: Moore Push-Pin Company
    Inventors: Eugene Lorincz, Marlin J. Hoskinson
  • Patent number: 4718804
    Abstract: A fastener for wood comprising a metallic lamella having a length which is substantially parallel to the direction the fastener is driven into the wood, and having a protuberance on the back of the lamella which protuberance extends, at the most, across the whole width of the lamella and in a direction substantially perpendicular to the length of the lamella. A plurality of such fasteners arranged in the magazine of a distribution device position themselves correctly owing to the protuberances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1988
    Inventor: Antoine Cassese
  • Patent number: 4711234
    Abstract: The invention relates to a retention pin for fixing a support plate or other prosthesis on bone tissue. The pin is made of a material which is bio-compatible with human tissue and comprises two half-pins each having a half-head for bearing against the prosthesis and a retention shank projecting therefrom, with the outline of each shank being semi-cylindrical and with the two half-pins being generally symmetrical to each other about a radial separation plane passing at least partially along the axis of the pin and extending at least as far as the inside faces of the half-heads from which the respective retention shanks project.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1987
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1987
    Assignee: Societe Europeen de Propulsion
    Inventors: Michel Vives, Bernard Buttazzoni
  • Patent number: 4637768
    Abstract: Nail-type fastener, comprising an elongated shank (1) with a head at one end, and a point at the other end. The nail shank has three symmetrically placed, longitudinal grooves (4) separated by longitudinal ridges (8) with a cross-sectionally arcuate outer side (9). The grooves have flat, concave or cross-sectionally V-shaped bottom surfaces (27;17;7) and usually side flank surfaces (5) arranged obliquely thereto which connect to the bottom surface via individual corners (6) of small radius of curvature. The cross-sectional shape selected provides a nail with high flexural rigidity and high pull grip with comparatively low weight. The fastener or nail is produced starting from a cross-sectionally circular nail wire stock which is profiled in two coldrolling steps. In the first step, the nail wire passes through a first roller trio, the section rollers of which roll cross-sectionally arcuate guide grooves into the nail wire stock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1983
    Date of Patent: January 20, 1987
    Inventor: Karl L. G. Rabe