Casing, Runner, Or Shaft Position Or Extent Of Motion Responsive Patents (Class 415/14)
  • Patent number: 9777737
    Abstract: An assembly can include a compressor housing, an adjustable wall disposed within the compressor housing that defines an air inlet to an inducer portion of a compressor wheel, and an adjustment mechanism to adjust the wall and thereby adjust at least a diameter of the air inlet. Various other examples of devices, assemblies, systems, methods, etc., are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Vit Houst, Josef Ferda, Milan Nejedly, Daniel Turecek
  • Patent number: 9273693
    Abstract: A compressor comprises a housing defining an inlet, a volute, an outlet, and a compressor chamber between the inlet and the outlet within which a compressor wheel is rotatably mounted. The housing has discrete attached first and second housing portions, the first housing portion defining at least part of the inlet and the second housing portion defining at least part of a volute of the outlet. The first housing portion has a conductive element for conducting an electric signal and a second sensor arrangement in sensing communication with the inlet. The compressor further comprises a first sensor arrangement, the first sensor arrangement being configured such that it is in sensing communication with the volute or outlet and such that it is electrically connected to the conductive element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignee: Cummins Ltd.
    Inventors: Jeffrey Carter, Nicholas K Sharp
  • Patent number: 8998563
    Abstract: An active clearance control system for a gas turbine engine includes a structural member that is configured to be arranged near a blade tip. A plenum includes first and second walls respectively providing first and second cavities. The first wall includes impingement holes. The plenum is arranged over the structural member. A fluid source is fluidly connected to the second cavity to provide an impingement cooling flow from the second cavity through the impingement holes to the first cavity onto the structural member. A method includes the steps of providing a conditioning fluid to an outer cavity of a plenum providing an impingement cooling flow through impingement holes from an inner wall of the plenum to an inner cavity, directing the impingement cooling flow onto a structural member, and conditioning a temperature of the structural member with the impingement cooling flow to control a blade tip clearance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Philip Robert Rioux
  • Publication number: 20150086326
    Abstract: A method for optimizing performance of a compressor by adjusting the position of an inlet guide vane and the speed of a drive unit. In one embodiment, the method can compare measured values for operating flow rate and operating pressure for a combination of operating settings for the position and the speed against threshold values for each of these measured values. In this way, the method can identify “how” the compressor is operating and equate such operation to one of a plurality of operation scenarios. In turn, the method can provide an adjustment to one or both of the speed and the position that corresponds with such operating scenario. The method can also vet the selected adjustment to avoid operation of the compressor outside of its safe operating configurations, as defined for example by minimum and maximum values for the position of the inlet guide vane and the speed of the drive unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Dale Eugene Husted, Marc Gavin Lindenmuth
  • Patent number: 8939709
    Abstract: A system for operating a turbine includes a rotating component and a non-rotating component separated from the rotating component by a clearance. A first actuator is connected to the non-rotating component, and the first actuator comprises a shape-memory alloy. A method for operating a turbine includes sensing a parameter reflective of a clearance between a non-rotating component and a rotating component and generating a parameter signal reflective of the clearance. The method further includes generating a control signal to at least one actuator based on the parameter signal and moving at least a portion of the non-rotating component relative to the rotating component to change the clearance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Biju Nanukuttan, Rakesh Adoor, Hariharan Sundaram, James Adaickalasamy, Prasad Punna
  • Patent number: 8801361
    Abstract: A machine includes a rotor supported to rotate about a rotational axis and an actuator arranged to act on the rotor and control a position of the rotor about the rotational axis. A bladed turbomachine wheel is coupled to the rotor and has blade tips that pass closely to an adjacent, non-rotating surface. A sensor is adjacent to the turbomachine wheel and arranged to sense the blade tips and output a position signal representative of the position of blade tips relative to the sensor. A controller is coupled to the sensor and the actuator and is adapted to receive the position signal from the sensor and generate and send a control signal to the actuator to control the position of the rotor based on the position signal from the sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Calnetix Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Lawrence A. Hawkins
  • Patent number: 8770913
    Abstract: An apparatus and a process for measuring rotor creep values for a monolithic rotor of an industrial gas turbine engine in order to determine when creep growth of the rotor has exceeded an allowable limit. One or more critical locations of the rotor are measured for real-time radius, and a CPU having rotor creep deflection model is used to compare the real-time data and determine if the rotor creep is within safe and allowable limits. If the creep is determined to exceed allowable values, then an alarm in initiated or engine shutdown occurs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Florida Turbine Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Antonio Negron, Joseph D Brostmeyer
  • Publication number: 20140178176
    Abstract: An axial compressor comprising liquid drop feed means for feeding liquid drops to an operating fluid of the compressor, a casing for forming a flow path through which the operating fluid flows down and a plurality of stages, each of which is composed of one continuous rotor blade row and one continuous stator vane row, the axial compressor being structured so that the liquid drops evaporate inside the compressor, characterized in that: the casing is provided with a cavity therein, and the cavity is formed by an outer casing and an inner casing which is enclosing a periphery of the rotor blade rows at the plurality of stages and forming internally a flow path of the operating fluid, and a flow path is provided for feeding the operating fluid to the cavity on a downstream side of a region forming the cavity of the inner casing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuo TAKAHASHI, Tetsuro MORISAKI, Chihiro MYOREN, Kohta KAWAMURA
  • Patent number: 8608427
    Abstract: An arrangement for optimizing the running clearance for turbomachines of the axial type, such as turbocompressors, gas turbines, and steam turbines, in particular for compressors of stationary gas turbines, by controlling the inner diameter, which is relevant to the running clearance, of at least one stator structure that surrounds a rotor blade ring, including: the stator structure has a closed, circular inner ring, a circular outer ring that is situated concentric to the inner ring at a radial distance therefrom, and a plurality of links that integrally connect the inner ring to the outer ring, the links being circumferentially inclined at a defined angle (?) to the radial direction and distributed around the circumference of the stator structure, and the arrangement includes an adjustment device for rotating the inner ring relative to the outer ring with elastic modification of the running clearance-relevant inner diameter (D) of the inner ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventor: Alexander Böck
  • Publication number: 20130302139
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a wind turbine comprising a nacelle (1) installed on a tower (2) supported by a floating support. The nacelle is articulated with respect to the tower in a vertical plane, and it comprises means (12, 16) for correcting the nacelle tilt, means for automatically adjusting the correction means in accordance with sensors detecting the correction values, the adjustment means being synchronous with the movements of the floating support.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2011
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Applicant: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Christian Wittrisch, Pascal Longuemare
  • Patent number: 8550767
    Abstract: A regulating system for a gas turbine, in particular an aircraft engine, has devices for blade-tip injection for increasing the compressor stability, these devices being activated as needed. The regulating system has devices for active clearance control, preferably in the high-pressure compressor, with which the radial clearance in the high-pressure compressor is kept in an optimum operating range, and the regulating system has a shared engine regulator for both devices. The technical problems of the prior art are avoided through the present invention, and an improved regulating system for a gas turbine, in particular an aircraft engine, is made available for active stabilization of the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Horn, Klaus-Juergen Schmidt
  • Publication number: 20130216354
    Abstract: It is intended to provide a single-casing steam turbine and a single-shaft combined-cycle power plant using the steam turbine that are capable of suppressing the performance decline of the high-pressure blade rows. A steam turbine 3 is a single-casing steam turbine having high-pressure blade rows 22 and low-pressure blade rows 26 and includes a high/intermediate-pressure chamber 10 housing the high-pressure blade rows 22, a low-pressure chamber 12 housing the low-pressure blade rows 26, and an expansion joint 30 for connecting the high/intermediate-pressure chamber 10 and the low-pressure chamber 12 and for sealing an interior space 31 of the high/intermediate-pressure chamber 10 and the low-pressure chamber 12.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2012
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Inventors: Takashi Maruyama, Asaharu Matsuo
  • Patent number: 8449243
    Abstract: A device and method for axially displacing at least one turbine rotor relative to at least one corresponding turbine stator in a multistage axial turbine is disclosed. The turbine shaft is provided with a split design and has a first axially displaceable shaft half, which is connected via a turbine disc to the turbine rotor and via a torque coupling to the second shaft half. By axially displacing the turbine rotor relative to the turbine stator and by controlling this axial displacement, the operation of the turbine is held in its possible optimum of efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventors: Andreas Fiala, Michael Kremmer
  • Patent number: 8434996
    Abstract: A system for detecting loads in a wind turbine is disclosed. In one aspect, the system may generally include a shaft and first and second pillow blocks receiving portions of the shaft. The second pillow block may be spaced axially apart from the first pillow block. Additionally, the system may include at least one sensor configured to indirectly detect loads transmitted through at least one of the first pillow block and the second pillow block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Bharat Bagepalli, Nilesh Tralshawala, Aditi Koppikar, Sascha Schieke, Pekka Sipilae
  • Patent number: 8366379
    Abstract: A turbomachine has a housing, a rotor shaft extending along and rotatable about an axis in the housing, and a pair of axially spaced axial-thrust bearings in the housing carrying the shaft and normally only permitting a predetermined small axial displacement of the shaft in the housing. An impeller is rotationally fixed on the shaft. An axially fixed transmission gear is rotationally coupled to the shaft and has an axially directed gear face. A collar fixed axially on the shaft has an axially directed collar face confronting the gear face and normally spaced from the gear face by a clearance equal to more than the predetermined axial displacement. Thus on failure of one of the bearings and axial overtravel of the shaft the gear face and collar face engage each other and limit axial movement of the shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: ATLAS Copco Energas GmbH
    Inventor: Werner Bosen
  • Patent number: 8356974
    Abstract: A steam turbine 20 is provided with a casing 109, a turbine rotor 25 disposed through the casing 109, and labyrinth portions 50, 55 which are disposed at the boundary between the casing 109 and the turbine rotor 25. The steam turbine 20 is further provided with a sealing steam pipe 65 for supplying sealing steam to the labyrinth portions 50, 55 and a gas supply pipe 60 for supplying the labyrinth portions 50, 55 with a cooling gas for cooling the turbine rotor 25 or a heating gas for heating the turbine rotor 25.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Asako Inomata, Katsuya Yamashita, Koji Yamaguchi
  • Publication number: 20130017062
    Abstract: A turbomachine has a housing, a rotor shaft centered on an axis, and a plurality of bearings supporting the shaft in the housing for rotation about the axis. At least one of the bearings is an active magnetic bearing. An impeller is fixed on the rotor shaft. A copper layer is fixed to a surface of the rotor shaft and rotatable therewith. A sensor fixed in the housing adjacent the shaft surface can detect the copper layer and generate an output corresponding to a position of the layer from the sensor fixed in the housing. A controller connected between the sensor means and the active magnetic bearing shifts the rotor in the housing in accordance with the output.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Inventors: Dmitry KOCHETOV, Frank WIEBE
  • Patent number: 8344741
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and apparatus for monitoring clearance in a rotary machine are provided. According to one embodiment of the invention, there is disclosed a method for monitoring clearance between a rotatable member and a stationary member in a rotary machine. The method may include providing a flex circuit capacitance sensor. The flex circuit capacitance sensor may include at least one capacitance sensing layer, at least one shielding layer adjacent to the capacitance sensing layer, at least one ground layer adjacent to the shielding layer, and a set of conducting leads connected to the capacitance sensing layer. Further, the method may include mounting the capacitance sensor between a portion of the rotatable member and a portion of the stationary member. Clearance may be determined between the rotatable member and the stationary member based at least in part on a capacitance indication from the capacitance sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Boris Sheikman, Jack E. Howard, Brandon Rank, Raymond Verle Jensen
  • Patent number: 8240978
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a control method for the operation of a fan equipping an electronic device. A determination step detects the vertical or horizontal position of the electronic device. The fan is not started up during the powering up of the device while the device is in a vertical position. The flow of air produced by the “fireplace” effect in the device in a vertical position suffices to ensure correct ventilation. According to an improvement the device has a sensor measuring the internal temperature of the device, whatever the position of the device, the fan being started up from a determined temperature. The present invention relates also to a device implementing the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Thomson Licensing
    Inventors: Xavier Guitton, Anthony Aubin, Maurice Fritsch
  • Publication number: 20120183387
    Abstract: A wind energy systems includes a shroud for each turbine. The shroud is adapted to direct and accelerate wind towards the turbine. A strong adaptable support assembly is provided for securing turbines to a structure. An air glide yaw assembly facilitates rotational movement of the structure allowing the turbines to face oncoming wind. The turbine blades are optimized for use with a shroud.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Publication date: July 19, 2012
    Inventors: John W. FEDOR, Mark L. Cironi
  • Patent number: 8177483
    Abstract: A gas turbine with an active clearance control system includes a plurality of actuators circumferentially spaced between an inner shroud and an outer casing. The actuators are configured to eccentrically displace the shroud relative to the outer casing. A plurality of sensors circumferentially spaced around the shroud detect a parameter that is indicative of an eccentricity between the rotor and shroud as the rotor rotates within the shroud. A control system in communication with the sensors and actuators is configured to control the actuators to eccentrically displace the shroud to compensate for eccentricities detected between the rotor and shroud.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Martel Alexander McCallum
  • Patent number: 8177474
    Abstract: A method of detecting rubs during operation of a turbomachine comprising at least one rotating object having a tip and a shelf is provided. The method includes generating signals representative of a sensed parameter and processing the signals to generate height versus time data for the tip. The height of the tip corresponds to the distance between the tip and the shelf. The method further includes monitoring the height versus time data, in order to determine whether a change in the height data exceeds a threshold value, and detecting a rub of the rotating object(s) on a second object, when the change in the height data exceeds the threshold value. A rub detection system for a turbomachine and a turbine engine system with rub detection are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Emad Andarawis Andarawis, William Lee Herron, Samhita Dasgupta, John Harry Down, Mahadevan Balasubramaniam, David So Keung Chan, David Walter Parry
  • Publication number: 20120063883
    Abstract: Methods and devices for performing a low torque low speed test to determine whether a rotor of a turbomachinery is free to rotate are provided. A method includes automatically applying a torque to the rotor, the torque gradually increasing up to a predetermined torque value. The method further includes monitoring the speed of the rotor while the torque is gradually increased. The method also includes outputting an indication that the rotor is free to rotate after the speed of the rotor becomes positive, or outputting an indication that the rotor is locked when the speed of the rotor remains zero and the applied torque has reached the predetermined torque value.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Inventors: Simone BEI, Andrea Casoni, Gianni Bagni, Daniele Benericetti, Guiseppe D'Alessandro
  • Patent number: 8133003
    Abstract: Disclosed is a seal for a turbomachine including at least one fixed component located proximate to a rotating component of the turbomachine defining a clearance therebetween. At least one magnet is located at the at least one fixed component. The at least one magnet is, when activated, capable of moving the at least one fixed component thereby adjusting the clearance between the fixed component and the rotating component. Further disclosed is a turbomachine utilizing the seal and a method for adjusting a position of at least one fixed component of a turbomachine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Michael Alan Davi, David Andrew Stasenko
  • Patent number: 8109722
    Abstract: A turbine for use with a turbine generator, the turbine including at least one turbine blade for positioning in a flowpath, a hub mounting the at least one turbine blade, and a rotatable shaft in operational communication with the hub via a hinge assembly, an axis of the hub being independent of an axis of the shaft. The hinge assembly is disposed between the shaft and the hub and configured to adjust an angle therebetween. A controller assembly is configured to adjust at least one operational characteristic of the hinge assembly during turbine operation. In one embodiment the operational characteristic is a teeter angle of the hinge assembly. In one embodiment operational characteristic is a stiffness or damping force. Methods for using and controlling a fluid turbine are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Nordic Windpower Ltd.
    Inventors: Charles R. Gamble, Steve Taber
  • Publication number: 20110236182
    Abstract: An electrode (54) in the tip (31) of a turbine or compressor blade (30), and a series of electrodes (68) in a shroud (36, 64) that surrounds a rotation path (33) of the blade tip. As the blade tip reaches each shroud electrode, a controller (74) activates an electrical potential between them that generates a plasma-induced gas flow (76) directed toward the pressure side (PS) of the airfoil. The plasma creates a seal between the blade tip and the shroud, and induces a gas flow that opposes a leakage gas flow (52) from the pressure side to the suction side (SS) of the blade over the blade tip (31).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2010
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Inventors: David J. Wiebe, Matthew D. Montgomery
  • Patent number: 8002517
    Abstract: Sensors (32, 52, 72) for determining a gap between a conductive member (34, 54, 74) such as a blade in a gas turbine engine and a seal segment (31, 51) are known to use capacitive variants in order to create an electrical signal indicative of the gap width. Thermal disparities can create problems with regard to sensor aging and accuracy. By creating a sensor incorporating a metal rod (33, 53, 74) typically integrally formed or associated with the seal segment (31, 51) and coupled through inductive coupling loops (35, 36; 55, 56; 75) it is possible to create a tuned circuit with a Q value which is more stable and therefore acceptable with regard to producing more accurate results at elevated temperatures with less problems with regard to thermal disparities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce PLC
    Inventors: Anthony G. Razzell, Lee Mansfield, Leo V. Lewis
  • Patent number: 7985045
    Abstract: A steam turbine comprises a rotor with moving blades attached thereto; diaphragms which surround the rotor from an outer periphery side of the rotor; a casing which encloses the diaphragms and the rotor and has an upper half and a lower half clamped together through respective flanges; a displacement detector for measuring a difference d in thermal expansion in the rotor axis direction between the casing and the rotor; heating/cooling devices attached to the flanges respectively to heat and cool the flanges; and a controller which makes control so that the flanges are heated or cooled by the heating/cooling devices until a measured value obtained by the displacement detector reaches a preset value M or S in unsteady operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenjiro Narita, Takeshi Kudo
  • Patent number: 7969165
    Abstract: A device for determining distance between a rotor blade and a wall of a gas turbine surrounding the rotor blade is provided. A waveguide guides and emits electromagnetic waves of at least one frequency in the direction of the rotor blade through a waveguide opening facing the rotor blade. The electromagnetic waves are injected into the waveguide and reflected portions of the electromagnetic waves are received. An evaluation unit compares the phase of the electromagnetic waves to be injected with the phase of the reflected portions of the electromagnetic waves and determines phase comparison values for every frequency and the distance is determined based on the phase comparison values. The waveguide comprises a sealing element which is configured to be transmissible for the electromagnetic waves of the frequency and which has two opposite surfaces in the direction of guidance of the electromagnetic waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Thomas Bosselmann, Michael Willsch
  • Publication number: 20110129331
    Abstract: An embodiment of the present invention provides a system for controlling the overall thrust extorted on a rotor. The system includes a chamber that encloses a portion of the rotor. A seal system may seal the chamber and the rotor. A fluid system may provide a pressurized fluid to the chamber and the fluid may oppose the thrust exerted by the rotor. The system may also include a control system configured for monitoring the position of the rotor; and utilizing the pressurized fluid to reduce the overall thrust load.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Inventor: James E. Olson
  • Publication number: 20100296911
    Abstract: A gas turbine with an active clearance control system includes a plurality of actuators circumferentially spaced between an inner shroud and an outer casing. The actuators are configured to eccentrically displace the shroud relative to the outer casing. A plurality of sensors circumferentially spaced around the shroud detect a parameter that is indicative of an eccentricity between the rotor and shroud as the rotor rotates within the shroud. A control system in communication with the sensors and actuators is configured to control the actuators to eccentrically displace the shroud to compensate for eccentricities detected between the rotor and shroud.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2009
    Publication date: November 25, 2010
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventor: Martel Alexander McCallum
  • Patent number: 7780400
    Abstract: An arrangement is provided for detecting a shaft break on a rotor of a first turbine, especially a medium pressure turbine, of a gas turbine machine, especially an aircraft engine. A second turbine (11), especially a low pressure turbine, is positioned downstream from the first turbine. An actuating element (18) is positioned lying radially inwardly relative to a flow channel, between the rotor of the first turbine and a stator of the second turbine. A transmission element (22) is guided in the stator of the second turbine (11), in order to transmit a shaft break detected by the radially inwardly positioned actuating element (18) to a switching element (23) positioned radially outwardly relative to the flow channel on a housing (14) of the gas turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Assignee: MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventor: Christopher Bilson
  • Publication number: 20100196137
    Abstract: A regulating system for a gas turbine, in particular an aircraft engine, has devices for blade-tip injection for increasing the compressor stability, these devices being activated as needed. The regulating system has devices for active clearance control, preferably in the high-pressure compressor, with which the radial clearance in the high-pressure compressor is kept in an optimum operating range, and the regulating system has a shared engine regulator for both devices. The technical problems of the prior art are avoided through the present invention, and an improved regulating system for a gas turbine, in particular an aircraft engine, is made available for active stabilization of the compressor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2008
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Applicant: MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Horn, Klaus-Juergen Schmidt
  • Patent number: 7758301
    Abstract: A gas turbine machine includes a second turbine (11), e.g. a low pressure turbine, positioned downstream from a first turbine (10), e.g. a medium pressure turbine. An arrangement for detecting a shaft break of a rotor shaft includes an operator element (16) positioned between the rotor of the first turbine (10) and a stator of the second turbine (11) radially inwardly relative to a flow channel, and a sensor element (21) guided in the stator of the second turbine (11), to convert a shaft break, detected by the radially inwardly positioned operator element (16), into an electrical signal and to transmit this electrical signal to a switching element which is positioned radially outwardly relative to the flow channel on a housing of the gas turbine machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignee: MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventors: Christopher Bilson, Ian Fitzgerald
  • Patent number: 7748945
    Abstract: An apparatus for sealing a turbine against leakage of a working fluid comprising at least one radially displaceable sealing ring, coaxially disposed about a rotating member of the turbine from a stationary member of the turbine, which sealing ring undergoes radial displacements that are coupled to radial displacements of the rotating member, such that a design radial clearance is substantially maintained without damage to the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Inventor: Jerry Wayne Johnson
  • Patent number: 7735310
    Abstract: A gas turbine, such as an aircraft engine, has at least one compressor, at least one turbine, a combustion chamber, and a fuel pump to supply fuel to the combustion chamber. Upon identification of a break of a shaft that couples a compressor with a turbine, the gas turbine is shut off. For this purpose, at least one electrical current conductor is arranged on the shaft, whereby this current conductor is a component of a current supply for the fuel pump or for a fuel pump regulation. When the integrity of the current conductor is disrupted, thereby the current supply of the fuel pump or of the fuel pump regulation is interrupted in order to automatically shut off the gas turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventor: Martin Metscher
  • Patent number: 7722310
    Abstract: A system for measuring clearance between a first object and a second object is provided. The system includes a sensor configuration to generate a first signal representative of a first sensed parameter and a second signal representative of a second sensed parameter. The system also includes a clearance measurement unit configured to process the first and second signals based upon a ratiometric technique to calculate clearance between the first and second objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2010
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Mahadevan Balasubramaniam, Emad Andarawis Andarawis, James Anthony Ruud, Samhita Dasgupta, Minesh Ashok Shah
  • Publication number: 20100119354
    Abstract: A turbomachine has a housing, a rotor shaft extending along and rotatable about an axis in the housing, and a pair of axially spaced axial-thrust bearings in the housing carrying the shaft and normally only permitting a predetermined small axial displacement of the shaft in the housing. An impeller is rotationally fixed on the shaft. An axially fixed transmission gear is rotationally coupled to the shaft and has an axially directed gear face. A collar fixed axially on the shaft has an axially directed collar face confronting the gear face and normally spaced from the gear face by a clearance equal to more than the predetermined axial displacement. Thus on failure of one of the bearings and axial overtravel of the shaft the gear face and collar face engage each other and limit axial movement of the shaft.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2009
    Publication date: May 13, 2010
    Inventor: Werner BOSEN
  • Patent number: 7654791
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for controlling a blade tip clearance for a compressor of a turbo-engine, in particular of an aircraft engine, is disclosed. A blade tip clearance control device, which has a rotor and a housing surrounding the rotor forming a blade tip clearance, includes a sealing element that is movable into the blade tip clearance and an actuator unit, where the sealing element is designed as a circumferential shroud liner made of a flexible rubbery material in which at least one tubular diaphragm that is also circumferential is arranged. The diaphragm is acted upon with hydraulic fluid via the actuator unit. This makes it possible to counteract degradation that occurs during operation due to erosion, aging, etc. As a result, efficiency is maintained and the pump limit interval is retained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2010
    Assignee: MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventor: Andre Werner
  • Patent number: 7656135
    Abstract: A wind turbine generator includes at least one rotating member, at least one stationary member, and a clearance gap control system. The stationary member is positioned such that a clearance gap is defined between a portion of the rotating member and a portion of the stationary member. The clearance gap is configured to facilitate transmitting a controllable magnetic flux therethrough. The control system includes at least one clearance gap measurement assembly, at least one power converter, and at least one controller. The controller is coupled in electronic data communication with the assembly and the converter and is configured to modulate a dimension of the gap by modulating the flux.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2010
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Christian Schram, Henning Luetze, Andreas Buecker, Andre Riesberg, Robert William Delmerico
  • Publication number: 20100008756
    Abstract: A steam turbine 20 is provided with a casing 109, a turbine rotor 25 disposed through the casing 109, and labyrinth portions 50, 55 which are disposed at the boundary between the casing 109 and the turbine rotor 25. The steam turbine 20 is further provided with a sealing steam pipe 65 for supplying sealing steam to the labyrinth portions 50, 55 and a gas supply pipe 60 for supplying the labyrinth portions 50, 55 with a cooling gas for cooling the turbine rotor 25 or a heating gas for heating the turbine rotor 25.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2009
    Publication date: January 14, 2010
    Inventors: Asako INOMATA, Katsuya YAMASHITA, Koji YAMAGUCHI
  • Patent number: 7625169
    Abstract: A turbine stage of a gas turbine engine is surrounded by a ring of liner segments. The liner segments can be moved radially in unison towards and away from the tips or fins of blades, by rotation of a connected unison ring, so as to avoid blade fin rub. Alternatively, the segments can be moved in a common direction by bodily movement of the connected unison ring so as to avoid blade fin rub during off axis rotation of the turbine stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce PLC
    Inventor: Reza Manzoori
  • Patent number: 7581921
    Abstract: A control system for a rotary machine is provided. The rotary machine has at least one rotating member and at least one substantially stationary member positioned such that a clearance gap is defined between a portion of the rotating member and a portion of the substantially stationary member. The control system includes at least one clearance gap dimension measurement apparatus and at least one clearance gap adjustment assembly. The adjustment assembly is coupled in electronic data communication with the measurement apparatus. The control system is configured to process a clearance gap dimension signal and modulate the clearance gap dimension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2009
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Bharat Sampathkumaran Bagepalli, Patrick Lee Jansen, Gary R. Barnes, Thomas Frank Fric, James Patrick Francis Lyons, Kirk Gee Pierce, William Edwin Holley, Corneliu Barbu
  • Publication number: 20090208321
    Abstract: A system for adjusting a clearance between blade tips of a turbine and a shroud assembly encircling the turbine in a turbine engine is disclosed herein. The system includes a first fluid passageway operable to extend from a first source of fluid at a variable pressure to a shroud assembly of a turbine engine. The first fluid passageway directs a first stream of fluid to the shroud assembly. The system also includes a first valve positioned along the first fluid passageway and moveable between open and closed configurations. The first valve is biased to the open configuration and moved to the closed configuration passively and directly by a first predetermined level of pressure of the first stream of fluid. During periods of relatively low power production of the turbine engine, the first valve is in the open configuration and moves to the closed configuration when power production of the turbine engine increases from relatively low power production.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2008
    Publication date: August 20, 2009
    Inventor: Mark O'LEARY
  • Publication number: 20080232949
    Abstract: The invention relates to a compressor, which is axially flowed through, for a gas turbine having an axially displaceable rotor. An annular flow channel, which narrows in an axial direction, is formed between a rotationally fixed outer delimiting surface and an inner delimiting surface on the rotor. A stationary ring comprised of guide profiles and at least one ring comprised of moving profiles attached to the rotor are placed inside said annular flow channel. The end of each moving or guide blade is located opposite an axial section of one of both delimiting surfaces while forming a radial gap. The aim of the invention is to provide a non-positive-displacement machine having an axially displaceable rotor whose velocity losses are at least not increased during an axial displacement of the rotor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 19, 2005
    Publication date: September 25, 2008
    Applicant: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Arnd Reichert, Bernd Stocker
  • Publication number: 20080031721
    Abstract: A fan system includes a rotatable axial flow fan unit, a fan shroud unit adjacent to the fan unit and capable of surrounding at least a portion of an outer periphery of the fan unit; and an actuator coupled to one of the units and operable to move said one of the units with respect to the other of the units, thereby varying immersion of the fan unit within the shroud unit. The actuator may be coupled to the shroud unit and is operable to move the shroud unit with respect to the fan unit. A control unit controls the actuator to vary fan immersion as a function of sensed parameter signals, and thereby maximizes fan efficiency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2006
    Publication date: February 7, 2008
    Inventors: Andrey Valeryevich Skotrikov, Ronnie Franklin Burk
  • Publication number: 20070292260
    Abstract: A control system for a rotary machine is provided. The rotary machine has at least one rotating member and at least one substantially stationary member positioned such that a clearance gap is defined between a portion of the rotating member and a portion of the substantially stationary member. The control system includes at least one clearance gap dimension measurement apparatus and at least one clearance gap adjustment assembly. The adjustment assembly is coupled in electronic data communication with the measurement apparatus. The control system is configured to process a clearance gap dimension signal and modulate the clearance gap dimension.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2006
    Publication date: December 20, 2007
    Inventors: Bharat Sampathkumaran Bagepalli, Patrick Lee Jansen, Gary R. Barnes, Thomas Frank Fric, James Patrick Francis Lyons, Kirk Gee Pierce, William Edwin Holley, Corneliu Barbu
  • Patent number: 7293953
    Abstract: An active clearance control system is provided that uses compressor extraction air to manipulate blade tip clearance in an industrial gas turbine and compressor. A stream of air is taken from a cooling and sealing air circuit and redirected to be used for active clearance control. The spent clearance control air is re-introduced into the hot gas path of the gas turbine for cooling and sealing purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2007
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: David Leach, Douglas Frank Beadie, Tagir Robert Nigmatulin, Brittany Dees, Jesse E. Trout, Daniel Waugh
  • Patent number: 7246991
    Abstract: A wind turbine with a sensor that measures the out-of-plane deflection of the blades and a controller that uses the signal from the sensor to determine the risk of a tower strike. The controller takes any necessary action to prevent a tower strike when it determines that the risk of a strike is high. The sensor can include strain gages or accelerometers mounted on the blades or it can include a fixed sensor mounted on the side of the tower to measure tower clearance as the blade passes by. The control action taken can include pitching blades, yawing the nacelle, or stopping the turbine. The controller is preferably a fuzzy logic controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2007
    Inventor: John Vanden Bosche
  • Patent number: 7220097
    Abstract: A gas turbine apparatus includes a compressor and/or a turbine, having rotor blades mounted on a rotor that is rotatable relative to a stationary housing, with a clearance gap between the rotor blades and the housing. During operation, external forces tend to deform the housing and the clearance gap. At least two actuators are arranged circumferentially offset from one another about the circumference of the housing. Each actuator is coupled to the housing and adapted to apply onto the housing a rotational moment about a torque axis that is at least approximately parallel to the housing axis. Based on the signal of a sensor that senses the deformation, a regulating unit actuates the actuators so as to counteract or compensate any deformations of the housing that arise during operation of the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventor: Alexander Boeck