Abstract: The invention relates to mechanical engineering, in particular to air-driven, gas-driven and steam-driven turbines having increased power generation efficiency and reduced weight and dimensions. The invention can be used in electrical power generators, propulsion systems, refrigeration compressors, heat pumps, turbo-jet apparatuses and the like. A jet turbine according to the invention comprises a centrifugal wheel having blades and rotatably mounted on a shaft, for compressing a working medium, which is further directed via centrifugal passages having outlet openings into a toroid collector having a circular opening extending along its inner circumference and being sealingly attached to the centrifugal wheel, so that the outlet openings of the centrifugal passages in the wheel are in fluid connection with the inner chamber of the toroid collector, wherein the collector further has exhaust openings with jet nozzles mounted therein, arranged substantially along the outer circumference of the toroid collector.
February 5, 2014
February 5, 2015
Andrey Valer'evlch SHRAMKO, Sergei Konstantinovich ISAEV, Dmitri Georgievich GITA, Valeriy Igorevich OMAROV
Abstract: Provide a hydroelectric power generation system that can increase generation efficiency by keeping the rotational resistance of the runner low, while preventing water contamination at the same time. The hydroelectric power generation system has: a first water storage tank 20 with a high-pressure water injection port 21 on the bottom face; a runner 40 which is stored in a condition of floating in the first water storage tank; and multiple transmission members 50 that contact the outer periphery surface of the runner and transmit the rotational force of the runner to the principal axis of rotation 61 in the generator unit 60.
Abstract: A rotary elliptically shaped head, free spinning, designed to be attached to a pressurized hose, fluid driven. When activated, the fluid is directed thru the head, striking internal longitudinal fins the cause the had to spin longitudinally, at high speed. The fluid is released thru holes in the head, which by the same centrifugal force driving the head along rows of bristles. When applied to a desire surface the head will scrub and clean the surface.
Abstract: A hydraulic turbine including: a passageway permitting liquid to pass through the turbine; a draft tube defining a portion of the passageway through which liquid normally flows in a vortex flow path during optimal turbine operating conditions; a rotatable runner mounted upstream of the draft tube and rotating about a central axis passing through the runner and extending into the draft tube; at least one nozzle head device positioned relative to the central axis of the runner and adjacent to an upper portion of the draft tube, the at least one nozzle head device has at least one nozzle from which a corresponding control jet of high velocity liquid is injected axially downstream of the runner and into liquid flowing into the upper portion of the draft tube during part load turbine operation, so as to mitigate breakdown of the vortex flow path.
February 23, 2007
August 4, 2011
ANDRITZ TECHNOLOGY AND ASSET MANAGEMENT GMBH
Gabriel Ciocan, Thi Cong Vu, Bernd Nennemann, Eric Demers, Romeo Florin Susan-Resiga
Abstract: An aircraft adapted to house a wind funnel, a wind diffuser, and a wind turbine configured to convert airflow flowing through the wind funnel into electricity is provided. The aircraft may feature a diffuser that increases the airflow through the wind funnel to increase power production. An electrical cable between the aircraft and a ground station transfers the generated electricity from the aircraft to the receiving ground station for distribution. In other embodiments, an aircraft featuring a plurality of buoyant bodies, wind funnels, diffusers, and turbines are coupled to a truss to form a module that generates electricity from airflow. In one embodiment, a plurality of modules may be interconnected to form a module array that is secured to a ground station responsible for receiving the electricity generated. Certain embodiments feature pitch control lines to control the pitch of the aircraft and modules facing the airflow.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for generating rotational torque utilizing a jet stream created by a converging-diverging nozzle within a cylindrical housing wherein the jet stream flows along an internal circumference of said cylindrical housing. Such a high velocity jet stream can be used to drive a rotor within said cylindrical housing to generate the desired torque, which in turn can be used to generate energy.
Abstract: A blade for a wind turbine includes a device for causing air at an increased velocity and/or pressure to escape from exit openings in the blade, thereby to apply a force. Pressure and diameter adjustable valves may be provided at each exit opening or orifice to allow the air to exit from the blade only when the air pressure within the blade exceeds a preset level. Also disclosed is the provision of valves at the exit openings or orifices on an opposite edge of the blade that allows air to escape from the blade to slow down but not stop rotation of the blade when a dangerous wind condition is detected.
Abstract: A hydraulic turbine power generator mounted on a single shaft wherein the hydraulic turbine means includes a plurality of reaction type turbine stages arranged to be in combination, rotatably responsive to the hydraulic fluid coupled to the turbines. One of the turbine stages having axial turbine runner means mounted to the single shaft and having a plurality of adjustable blades for permitting the pitch of the blades to be adjusted for controlling the effective operative fluid head to cause the shaft to rotate at a preselected speed and including means for adjusting the pitch of the adjustable blades. The turbine stages can be a Francis type turbine and a Kaplan type turbine. The hydraulic turbine power generator can be oriented in an upward direction to cause the fluid flow to travel upwardly through the turbine stages and function as a two phase turbine expander resulting in the separation of the liquid phase from the gas/vapor stage.
Abstract: An improved water turbine which has a first rotatable cylinder having a water inlet hole and a plurality of nozzles, and a second rotatable cylinder having a plurality of rotating blades on the inner surface is disclosed. Water dropped from an altitude enters the first rotatable cylinder through the water inlet hole, where it is injected to the outside of the first rotatable cylinder causing the first rotatable cylinder to rotate. Water passing through the nozzles then strikes the rotating blades to rotate the second rotatable cylinder.
Abstract: A radially outward flow turbine having a rotor with nozzles which extend from an inner inlet passage to the rotor periphery with a substantially constant pressure drop per unit length of nozzle, with a first order surface continuity along the surface of each nozzle and with a nozzle profile which allows two-phase flow without substantial lateral acceleration according to the following formula: ##EQU1## The turbine is also illustrated with a second set of nozzles outwardly of the first set included in either the rotor or in a second contrarotating rotor. The rotor in either case vents steam to multiple steam turbine stages while the second set of nozzles receives saturated vapor. The steam turbine stage may be defined by either the first rotor and a stator or the first rotor and a contrarotating rotor.
Abstract: A driving and supply unit is provided with an air channel for drawing in hot air and delivering the air via a fan to a spray cooler with spray nozzles for spraying droplets of water into the conveyed air for cooling the air. Cooling water is delivered via a high-pressure water pipe and is first fed via a control to an impulse turbine with a reduction gear for driving the fan. The water is collected downstream of the turbine and is fed via a water pipe to the spray nozzles of the cooler.
Abstract: The axial forces imposed on a rotor of a fluid machine such as a compressor is controlled by modulating the pressure supplied to a piston and cylinder device acting between the rotor shaft and housing. A parameter indicative of axial force on the rotor during operation is monitored and changes in the magnitude and direction of the axial forces countered by varying the pressure in the cylinder. The net axial forces imposed on the shaft may thus be controlled in a predetermined range.
Abstract: A total flow turbine comprises a total flow nozzle and rotor vane train designed to allow a two-phase fluid comprising water and water vapor to pass through the rotor vane train with little deflection to minimize collision of the water with the rotor vane walls.
Abstract: A reactive impeller for pressurizing hot flue gases. The impeller has a hub and blades exposed to the gases. The hub and blades are cooled by an internal cooling fluid, which is expelled from nozzles on the blades to drive the impeller so as to propel and pressurize the gases.
Abstract: This engine is designed to be operated by diversity of methods. It comprises a master cylinder which has the shape of the capital letter "T". Oil is compressed in this cylinder from its vertical line. The two opposite sides of this master cylinder have conical channels in them. Next to each side of the master cylinder and outside it, there is a rotating disc with poaches or pockets in it. Deep in each poach there is a draining duct which opens in the thickness of that rotating disc. The two rotating discs are attached together by an axle crossing the master cylinder from one side to another. As the assembly is tight, and if an amount of oil is compressed in the master cylinder through its vertical or pumping line, then the oil will have no passage out of it except through the conical channels of the cylinder's sides.And as oil gushes under pressure from the sides it encounters the rotating disc with the poaches, and thus forces it to spin to be able to get out from it.
Abstract: A multiple stage energized fluiel flywheel is contained within a housing. An axially extending shaft is rotatably mounted within the housing. Fluid is introduced into the unit through an initial axial flow section and further pressure increases are experienced in a radial blower section and an annular squirrel cage section peripherally arranged about the radial blower. Pressurized fluid discharged from the squirrel cages is directed to either a peripheral exhaust ring which discharges pressurized fluid to the reservoir interior or to an adjacent hydraulic motor. The hydraulic motor includes a rotor which is secured to the stator section of the initial axial pumping section. The axial shaft, radial blower, squirrel cage and exhaust section rotate as a unit in one direction of operation. The hydraulic motor and axial pumping section stator rotate as a unit in the opposite direction of rotation. The flywheel may operate using air, hydraulic fluid or other motive fluids.
Abstract: An engine which includes a combustion chamber and a work function chamber enclosing the combustion chamber. A burner means is located in the combustion chamber for combustion. A rotatable turbine wheel is further mounted in an inlet of the work function chamber with one side of the blades in communication with the ambient atmosphere and the other side in communication with the interior of the work function chamber. The products of combustion are rapidly cooled and continuously removed from the combustion chamber by an exhaust means of the venturi type. This serves to create a pressure differential and provide a continuous stream of high velocity airflow against and through the blades of the turbine, through the work function chamber and out through the exhaust means. In this manner, a rapid rotative movement is provided for the turbine wheel and power output is taken from it and from the output shaft on which it is mounted.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for generating power by passing a fluid from a higher energy level to a lower energy level by compressing said fluid first in a continuous flow centrifuge rotor and then reducing the pressure of said fluid in an inward flow reaction turbine section. The fluid enters the first rotor at center and leaves the second rotor at center, and vanes are provided within both rotors to assure that said fluid will rotate with said rotors. Nozzles are provided near the periphery of the first rotor to increase the absolute tangential velocity of the fluid leaving said first rotor; the tangential velocity of second rotor near rotor tip is greater than said first rotor tangential tip velocity. The said fluid is contained within said rotors, and passes from said second rotor to said first rotor near rotor center.
Abstract: A rotary internal combustion engine is shown having a combination of reaction nozzle means and turbine elements to extract energy from a stream of hot gases. A centrifugal air compressor feeds a rotary diffusion combustion chamber to operate the reaction nozzles. The products of combustion issuing from the nozzles are redirected by stationary vanes to drive a turbine to extract further energy from the gas flow as it passes to the exhaust.