Abstract: A wind power prime mover in which a windmill assembly (1) comprising semicylindrical wind receiving members (16) vertically erected on a plurality of equally spaced points on the circumference centering on a vertical rotary shaft (3) in such manner that semicylindrical open parts of said wind receiving members are directed to the same circumferential directions with respect to individual tangents to said circumference is of knock-down assembly construction with the major parts thereof joined to or disjoined from each other with bolts; and the top and bottom of said rotary shaft (3) are supported by bearings (10), (11) in a supporting framework composed of a support pillar (2), central support frame (8), upper frame (6), and lower frame (9), whereby a wind power prime mover hardly affected by instantaneous variation of wind velocity, comparatively free in selection of installation site, and manufacture, transport, assembly, and maintenance can be provided easily.
Abstract: A wind driven electrical power generating apparatus includes an armature. The apparatus also includes a wing secured to the armature. The wing defines a pocket having a hub end and an outer end. The width of the pocket monotonically increases from the hub end to the outer end. Moreover, the depth of the pocket monotonically increases from the hub end to the outer end. The wing and the armature produce a relatively large amount of torque during rotation of the armature which is converted to high rotational speed by a gear mechanism thereby driving a generator at a relatively high rotational speed. Such high torque production eliminates the need to rotate the armature at a high rotational speed. Moreover, the configuration of the wing allows the armature to be rotated in the presence of relatively low wind velocities. Hence, the apparatus may be efficiently utilized for electrical power generation in geographic areas which typically experience relatively low wind velocities.
Abstract: An improved liquid rotor device is provided having a cylindrically-shaped hub, which is supported by a horizontal shaft, and having several curved blades which are attached to the outer portions of the rotating hub. The horizontal shaft preferably rotates with the hub so that it can mechanically drive a device such as an electrical generator. The multiple blades mounted to the exterior surface of the hub are curved such that the longitudinal axis of each blade is parallel to the axis of rotation (i.e., the horizontal shaft). Each blade is arcuate in shape and preferably comprises a portion of the cylindrical wall of a hollow cylinder. In one embodiment of the, the rotating hub and blades sub-assembly is surrounded by a hollow cylindrical housing that is entirely submerged in a liquid, such as water. The surrounding hollow cylindrical housing has an inlet to receive the liquid into the area of the rotating blades and an outlet through which the liquid is discharged.
Abstract: An oscillating fluid flow motor and an in-stream fluid flow power system that converts the energy in the flowing fluid to mechanical energy through a vane that automatically sweeps back and forth across the flow. The oscillating fluid flow motor consists of (1) a vane having a concave front face confronting the flow of fluid, (2) an elongated swing arm attached at one end to the vane, and (3) a direction control mechanism operatively coupled to the swing arm. The direction control mechanism is configured to rotate the swing arm about its longitudinal axis to re-orient the vane and thereby change the direction the vane moves across the stream.
Abstract: An apparatus for tensioning a subsurface float line and the like during doyment of the line and thereafter includes a capstan rotatably mounted and located in a liquid medium, the capstan having a bore extending from one end of the capstan to the other end, the bore including a plurality of pump blades for moving the liquid through the bore when the capstan is rotated, the capstan also including turbine blades located around the circumference of the capstan and adjacent both ends of the capstan, the capstan also including a circular surface interposed between the turbine blades for communicating with the line to be tensioned. The pump and turbine blades do work when the capstan is rotated thereby creating a counter rotational (drag) force that tensions the line during and after deployment.
March 20, 1997
Date of Patent:
September 1, 1998
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
Abstract: A vertical axis wind turbine is supported by a frame held in place by an encircling series of crescent-shaped tubular deflector vanes. The vanes widen towards the turbine core, concentrating the wind. The wind is trapped momentarily on entering the turbine cavities. Air can be supplied to such cavities from a compressed air source driven by wave action on a body of water.
Abstract: A wind conversion unit is provided with a central shaft having one or more channels extending through the shaft perpendicular to the longitudinal axis thereof. A blade unit having a spoon shaped blade with a concave face is secured at opposite ends of each channel to direct airflow through the channel and receive airflow from the channel. The concave faces of the blades on opposite sides of the shaft are oppositely oriented so that the concave face of one blade receives an airstream, directs the airstream through the restricted channel which then impinges the airstream on the concave face of the opposite blade. A velocity modulator driven by the shaft applies centrifugal force and gravity to a flowable material to compensate for changes in airflow velocity and force.
Abstract: A sail system for wind turbines of the vertical shaft type is disclosed. The sail system has a vertical rotating shaft, a plurality of support arms radially extending from an upper portion of the rotating shaft, and a sail pivoted to the tip of each support arm. The sail is provided with a longitudinal horizontal slit and is eccentrically pivoted to the tip of each support arm by means of a hinge. A holding rod is pivoted to an outside portion of the arm and penetrates the longitudinal slit of the sail. A spring is fitted over the holding rod between the spring stopper of the holding rod and the outer surface of the sail. The sail system not only prevents the sail from sagging due to the sail's weight, it also tightly pivots the sail to the arm regardless of the sail's configurations. The maximum turning angle of the sail relative to the arm is limited and adjusted by the spring.
Abstract: A vertical axis wind turbine is supported by a frame held in place by an encircling series of crescent-shaped tubular deflector vanes. The vanes widen towards the turbine core, concentrating the wind.
Abstract: A Savonius rotor assembly includes two blades. Each of the blades has an outer edge and an inner edge with the outer edges of the blades lying on a circle which define the diameter of the rotor. Each of the blades has a linear portion adjacent to the inner edge and a first curved portion which is substantially an arc of a circle tangent to the linear portion and tangent to the circle defining the rotor diameter. A second curved portion is substantially coincident to the circle defining the rotor diameter.
Abstract: A vertical axis wind mill with retractable sails comprising a central core which has vertical side walls in a generally cylindrical configuration. The core has an upper end and a lower end and a drive shaft positioned along the central axis therefor. The drive shaft has an upper end and a lower end. The core also has curved vanes extending radially outwardly therefrom for rotation under the force of the wind to rotate the core and the drive shaft. The device also includes a fixed support which receives the shaft through bearings to allow for rotation of the core while the upper support remains fixed. Also included is a housing with a generator located within the lower extent of the housing beneath the core. The generator has an upper end secured to the lower end of the shaft for generating electricity in response to rotation of the shaft. The sails are radially retracted by coiling up into a lower portion of a U-shaped bracket, with a drive system for raising and lowering the sails.
Abstract: An electric generator assembly driven by a waterwheel wherein the axial length of the waterwheel is substantially greater than the diameter thereof and contains a speed-increasing device for driving a high speed generator. The assembly is supported from a bridge spanning the full axial length of the waterwheel and the width of the stream and said bridge also supports an adjustable chute extending from the dam crest to the waterwheel. The waterwheel has longitudinal buckets designed to develop maximum energy over a wide range of flow of water and also discharge debris. The buckets are vented as necessary to improve filling and discharge and also minimize vibration. The complete bridge assembly is supported adjacent opposite ends by hydraulic cylinder units connected to and adapted to raise the unitary bridge, chute and waterwheel assembly above increased tailwater levels to reduce drag and rotating friction.
Abstract: A vertical-axis, high-wind turbine for use with an electrical generator for producing power by converting the energy of wind currents into mechanical, rotational energy, which is then used to operate the electrical generator. Fixed, stationary stators, while providing significant structural integrity, direct currents having horizontal components into a rotor assembly, where the rotors of this assembly are responsive to the currents by imparting rotation upon a central vertical shaft. Both stators and rotors are designed with functional curved blades for greater efficiency in operation. In fact, the stators are designed with a double-curve which in many ways, discussed herein, perform at levels higher than either straight, or single-curved stators. The present turbine is not equipped with any braking system, or feathering system to withstand the high winds; instead, it is capable of actual operation and energy conversion of these high energy-potential winds.
Abstract: A fluid rotor is disclosed for turning electrical generators or other mechanical equipment. The fluid rotor contains multiple curved blades which are in a single plane of rotation, and which are spaced closely together so as to maximize the efficiency of the captured fluid. The open blades are designed to overlap one another to an extent that there are always at least two blades positioned to capture the fluid regardless from which direction the fluid is flowing. The curved blades allow the rotor to always rotate in the correct direction regardless of the direction of the fluid without the use of moving vanes or housings to help direct the fluid at certain portions of the fluid rotor. If the rotor is made to turn in the incorrect direction, it will, as fluid from any direction flows against it, slow down, stop momentarily, and then begin to rotate in the correct direction.
Abstract: A wind power plant for harnessing wind power includes a tower; a plurality of upright rotor blades spaced apart circumferentially and spaced radially from a rotational axis; and a supporting structure for the rotor blades leading from the tower to the rotor blades.
Abstract: A wind rotor is disclosed for turning electrical generators or other mechanical equipment. The wind rotor contains multiple curved blades which are in a single plane of rotation, and which are spaced closely together so as to maximize the efficiency of the captured wind. The open blades are designed to overlap one another to an extent that there are always at least two blades positioned to capture the wind regardless from which direction the wind is blowing. The curved blades allow the rotor to always rotate in the correct direction regardless of the direction of the wind without the use of moving vanes or housings to help direct the wind at certain portions of the wind rotor. If the rotor is made to turn in the incorrect direction, it will, as wind from any direction blows against it, slow down, stop momentarily, and then begin to rotate in the correct direction.
Abstract: An ocean current power generation system includes a support placed on or in a state spaced apart from the ocean surface so that it is not rotated by an ocean current, a ring-like rotating member horizontally suported by the support for rotation about an axis, a plurality of ocean current-receiving members coupled in a hanging fashion to the ring-like rotating member for receiving the ocean current and rotating the ring-like rotating member at all times in a fixed direction corresponding to a direction of the ocean current, a drive gear provided on the ring-like rotating member for rotating in a concentric relation to the ring-like rotating member, a rotation accelerating gear train provided inside the support for receiving the rotation of the drive gear to accelerate its rotation, and a power generator provided inside the support and connected to the rotation accelerating gear train for receiving the accelerated rotation of the rotation accelerating gear train.
Abstract: A wind turbine is described which includes a vertical axle mounted for rotation to drive an output utilization device. Around the axle is arranged a circumferential array of wind vanes, each wind vane comprising a generally rectangular panel of flexible material supported in a frame and having a pocket opened along a vertical side which is able to flare out and catch the wind in one direction but collapse upon rotation around to the opposite direction, allowing a net output power to be generated by the wind being received in the wind vane pockets. A successive opening of the pockets insures a rapid opening action. A releasable hinging of the wind vane frame allows spilling of winds at excessive wind speeds.
Abstract: This machine consists of an impeller formed by a right prism with a minimum weight/volume ratio and which has an irregular hexagonal section, three sides of which are bigger than the other three, and with said hexagon's vertexes belonging to a single circumference. The second body of said machine is formed by an open cylindrical chamber, concentric to the impeller, with an angle of approximately 83 degrees.Its basic characteristic is its high performance in obtaining energy produced by minimum height waterfalls.
February 8, 1991
Date of Patent:
October 13, 1992
Gonzalez J. J. Enterria, Durio E. Siloniz
Abstract: A drum is mounted for rotation about an axis. Its surface is substantially cylindrical about the axis, and axially mounted outside of the surface is a plurality of vanes each defining a slot with respect to the surface. The slot is an aerodynamic slot where accelerating air decreases pressure to produce thrust which is in the direction of rotation. The outer surface of the drum is not quite cylindrical, but is shaped to be of larger diameter at the slot to enhance Venturi action.
Abstract: A drum-shaped windmill with a cylinder tube 1 mounted coaxially to the rotation axis of the windmill with one of each of the circular end plates 2,3 on both ends of the cylinder tube 1 is described, featuring sails 6,7,8,9 with a curved streamlined profile which swivel to a limited degree near the edge of both end plates 2,3 on floating axes 10,11,12,13 mounted parallel to the rotation axis of the windmill. The arrangement has been effected in such a way that at least four sails 6,7,8,9 having a curved streamlined profile are distributed on the circumference of the windmill at equal circumferential distances and that the sails 6,7,8,9 are swivelable with their noses 18,21 in front on the floating axes 10,11,12,13 in the area between the edge 4,5 of the end plates 2,3 and the cylinder tube 1.
Abstract: A fluid pressure driven power system having a plurality of rotors keyed to a shaft rotatably journaled within a casing having, the rotors each having a plurality of fins extending around its periphery with the fins projecting above the perimeter of the rotor. A pressure head mounted within the casing with the casing having a plurality of tubular inserts embedded therein. Each of the tubular inserts having an exposed longitudinal end portion in tangential alignment with the fins on a rotor. Each insert end portion having a cutaway section that is upwardly arcuately compressed to overlie the fins on rotors rotating beneath the pressure head. Each compressed cutaway portion is formed with an orifice opening from the tubular insert. A pressurized fluid source can be selectively connected to one or more of the tubular inserts to provide pressurized fluid for discharge through the orifices.
Abstract: An apparatus for generating electric power from wind includes a base, a pair of upstanding, generally parallel, spaced apart walls rotatably mounted on the base and defining an inlet end and an outlet end for wind, an electric power generator mounted on the base and having an input shaft, and a vertical axis cylindrical rotor having a plurality of wind driven vanes and mounted on the base between the walls, and having an output shaft coupled to rotate the input shafts. A curved inner modulator is rotatably mounted on the base inside said rotor and is selectively movable for controlling wind flow through the rotor. An inlet modulator is rotatably mounted on the base at the inlet end and is selectively movable for controlling wind flow to the rotor.
Abstract: A method of generating electricity by a wind blown turbine comprising mounting a generator aramture rigidly on a shaft; rotatably mounting a housing, a field coil and a wind turbine with respect to the shaft; electrically connecting the field coil through brushes and a brush plate; and mounting the shaft against rotation so that when air currents rotate the wind turbine, the housing, the field coil, and the brush plate will rotate whereby electrical current generated in the field coil will be transmitted to output lines. An apparatus for generating electricity comprising an armature rigidly mounted on a shaft and a wind turbine rotatably mounted on the shaft. A housing with a field coil is mounted within the wind turbine and surrounds the armature. A brush plate with brushes electrically connects the field coil. Air currents rotate the wind turbine to cause the field coil to rotate about the armature. Electrical current generated in the field coil is transmitted through the brushes to output leads.
Abstract: The invention relates to a water driven turbine. The turbine has a central drum rotatable on a horizontal shaft, the drum having a series of buckets about its periphery, the outer lips of each bucket being such as to delay discharge of water from each bucket until the bucket has a almost reached bottom dead center. The turbine has an inlet with a relatively narrow upstream opening and a relatively broad downstream opening, the inlet spreading the flow of water along substantially the length of each bucket. The turbine may be coupled to a pump which pumps water from a reservoir of water that has passed through the pump. Delivery of water can be achieved to unexpectedly high levels using the turbine/pump combination.
Abstract: A runner type wind turbine designed to utilize maximum of the available energy carried by low speed stream. This turbine has a turbine disc which deflects and discharges a wind stream in radial and parallel direction relative to the disc; a rotor construction permits the disc and its power shaft to be arranged and assembled in a vertical or a horizontal position. The turbine includes a disc, mounted on a shaft located in central guides affixed to an outer stationary turbine stand. The disc mounts a plurality air blade shaped in such a way that the incoming air impinges on the blades radially, circumferentially and outwardly relative to the turbine disc.
Abstract: The invention relates to a wind driven turbine, which includes a rotor having a plurality of spaced apart vanes. The rotor is adapted to rotate about the vertical axis of an elongate short which can transmit power to a prime mover or power take off. Each vane for the rotor is formed with a substantially concave, elongate trailing or reverse face. Wind deflecting means are provided for directing wind through a venturi, onto and along the concave trailing face of one or more vanes, as the one more vanes rotate downwind away from the venturi. The wind deflecting means can also assist in at least partially shielding from the wind, one or more vanes of the rotor, as the vanes rotat and move upwind towards the venturi.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a combination of two vertical axis Savonius-type rotors (20,120) mounted on a support structure (210) and a deflector plate (200). The deflector plate serves an an augmentation apparatus which considerably increases the power output of both Savonius-type-rotors and also improves their self-starting ability and smoothness of operation. The support structure is mounted for rotation about a central vertical shaft (242) so that the rotor-deflector combination can be properly positioned. The invention also provides a partition plate (236) positioned between the rotors to give rigidity to the deflector plate.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a combination of a vertical axis Savonius-type rotor (20) and a deflector assembly (100) which serves as an augmentation apparatus which considerably increases the power output of the Savonius-type rotor and also improves its self-starting ability and smoothness of operation. The invention also provides a fantail member (120) to properly position the deflector assembly. In connection with the rotor-deflector combination, the present invention also teaches a simple, automatic speed control apparatus (130) which allows the combination to withstand high speed winds and produce power at the same time.
Abstract: A power conversion turbine for actuation by fluid in motion such as, for example the wind, with a body supported to rotate about a central axis and carrying a plurality of vanes spaced from said axis and being movable about respective vane axes parallel to said central axis and which vanes are circumferentially spaced from each other and dimensioned such that, when said vanes are in a FIRST closed position they collectively form a substantially unbroken cylindrical surface and are selectively movable from said FIRST position to a fully open SECOND position and said vanes including interconnecting means causing selected ones of said vanes to close as one or more opposing vanes are caused to move from the first to the second position by reason of passage of fluid and means integrally connected with said interconnecting means for infinitely varying the degree of opening of the vanes between fully closed and fully open positions.
Abstract: An improved wind powered generator includes a streamlined housing rotatably connected with a fixed base and a pair of helical rotors rotatably connected with the housing for driving a pair of electric generators when the rotors are rotated by the wind. The housing includes forward and rear nacelles which define vertical side openings in the housing in which the rotors are arranged, with the helical vanes thereof partially protruding from the housing. The nacelles serve to direct the wind stream against the rotor vanes with minimal disturbance, whereby the helical rotors capture the maximum amount of kinetic energy from the wind for conversion to electricity.
Abstract: A fluid powered motor-generator apparatus includes a generator having a power output and a mechanically driven input. A generally streamlined motor body is rotatably mounted to drive the generator input and includes a plurality of radially extending generally V-shaped fins mounted on an outside surface thereof. The fins are mounted on brackets above an outer surface of the motor body and have a convex pointed side facing in the direction of rotation and a concave open side facing in a direction opposite to the direction of rotation. Thus, the action of a stream of fluid on the fins tends to rotate the motor body and drive the generator. If the motor-generator apparatus is mounted in water, the generator can be enclosed in another streamlined body which is anchored to the bed of the body of water.
Abstract: A number of embodiments of water powered devices that are adapted to be positioned in a stream of moving water and which carry water wheels for driving a driven device. The driven device may comprise a generator and a number of embodiments are illustrated for holding the generator against rotation and for absorbing its torque loading. In addition, a device is provided for insuring buoyancy of the device so that the water wheels float with their axis above the level of water. In some embodiments, the buoyant device comprises a buoyant float that also provides a hydrodynamic lift and a hydrodynamic force for carrying the device to the center of the stream. In other embodiments, the device comprises a hydrodynamic device that provides both the lift and the transverse force. An arrangement is disclosed which permits stacking of the water wheels for ease of packing and additionally an arrangement is disclosed for permitting replacement of individual blades of the water wheels.
Abstract: An aircraft wheel rotation assembly is mountable on the rim of an aircraft wheel and includes a plurality of vanes which are equally spaced around the rim. Each vane has a generally radially aligned airfoil shaped cross section so that when a passing air current impinges on the vanes, each vane contributes a positive torque to rotate the associated wheel through an angle of more than 180 degress about the wheel axis. The vanes may be deployable and retractable, in which case each vane also has an integral segment gear which meshes with a ring gear carrried by the assembly. Rotation of the ring gear, which may be done hydraulically, moves the vanes in unison from a fully retracted position toward a fully extended position.
Abstract: A portable, self-contained power conversion unit is disclosed that is attached to an outlet for a pressurized fluid system, such as the nozzle for a garden hose. An impeller mounted in the body of the unit and is rotated by the discharge of pressurized fluid through the unit. The rotational energy of the impeller is converted into electrical energy by a generator, and/or used directly in rotating tools attached to the impeller, such as grinding wheels, rotary saws, rotary brushes, drill bits, and the like.
March 14, 1986
Date of Patent:
March 15, 1988
Desai & Lerner
Hal Lerner, Bhikhabhai J. Desai, Suresh B. Desai
Abstract: A self-governing, vertically oriented wind driven assembly is provided by a pair of open, semicylindrically shaped wind scoops with elongated edges which face each other in a nearly closed position at times of high or maximum wind speeds, and partically face each other and partially exposed into the wind at lower wind speeds. The scoops are pivotally attached to posts oppositely located at the edges of a rotating frame. The amount of exposure of the scoops into the wind is dynamically balanced by springs which tend to open the scoops and by weights which tend to close the scoops proportional to the rotational speed of the assembly. The ends of the scoops are modified to permit the scoops to cooperatively slide from an open to close position. The assembly is connected to an electrical generating means and can be used for producing electrical power on sailboats.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a combination of a Savonius type rotor (20) and a deflector plate device (101) which serves as an augmentation apparatus which considerably increases the power output of the Savonius type rotor and also improves its self-starting ability and smoothness of operation. The invention also describes a novel Savonius type rotor (20) of greater efficiency than existing Savonius type rotors. In connection with the rotor-deflector combination, the present invention also teaches a simple, automatic speed control mechanism (107) which additionally can be used to facilitate stopping the rotor if desired.
Abstract: A windmill vane for use with a windmill having a vertical shaft. The vane comprises an open, rigid, planar, preferably semi-elliptical frame and a flexible sail on the frame. The frame can also be chevron shaped or semi-rectangular in shape. One end of the frame is affixed to the shaft, ad the other end is aligned therewith horizontally and radially outwardly from the shaft. The planar frame is oriented with a central portion leading the ends thereof relative to the instantaneous direction of movement of the frame around the shaft. The central portion of the frame is inclined at a 45.degree. angle upwardly from the frame ends relative to such instantaneous direction of movement. The sail is light weight, resilient, and preferably carried by a loose sleeve around the frame. The design of the vane ensures that the sail is full when moving with the wind and streams directly behind the frame when moving across and against the wind.
Abstract: A windmill having a rotatable vertical shaft and a rotor secured thereto. The rotor has a plurality of base circumferential wings for collecting the wind. Each wing includes a vertically extending cylindrically curved surface, preferably a half cylinder, and top and bottom end plates. Each curved surface has a plurality of vertical metal reinforcing strips on its concave side extending from top to bottom. These reinforcing strips strengthen the windmill and improve its efficiency. Rotation of the shaft and motor generates power which may be used to drive an electric generator, an air compressor, or other energy transducer devices.
Abstract: A hydroelectric device wherein a water wheel having radial paddle boards is partially submerged in a moving stream of water, and driven by the water current to operate an electric generator. The water wheel has end discs at its respective sides to block escape of water from between the paddle boards. The paddle boards are normally disposed at right angles to the current flow, but if the water current should flow faster at one side of the wheel than at the other, the ends of the boards at the slow-current side may be shifted forwardly, or the ends thereof at the fast-current side may be shifted rearwardly, having reference to the direction of current flow, in order that a portion of the water impinging against the fast-current ends of the boards will be deflected to the slow-current side. This adjustment may be made either by shifting the position of the wheel relative to the water bodily, or by shifting the paddle boards relative to the wheel.
Abstract: Apparatus for recovering energy from a moving fluid, comprising a frame that rolls on a circular track about a vertical upright that is secured to the ground. Vanes on the frame respond to fluid pressure to orient the frame in an upstream-downstream or upwind-downwind direction. The frame carries spaced pairs of sprocket wheels about which endless sprocket chains are trained, with flaps pivotally connected between the sprocket chains. Along the lower run of the chains, the flaps hang down and the fluid presses against them to circulate the chains. The kinetic energy of rotation of the sprocket wheels is converted to another form of energy, for example electrical energy by a generator carried by the frame. The flaps comprise pivotally interconnected frames so that they ride about the sprockets and lie flat on the upper run.
Abstract: Wind-powered apparatus for applying a powdered substance over a given area including a housing designed to receive a quantity of the powdered substance, a sieve located within the housing and a wind motor assembly. The powdered substance is contained within the housing above the sieve. The wind motor assembly is rotatably received by the housing and extends through the housing. The wind motor assembly includes a center pole, a hub located on top of the center pole, a plurality of blades attached to the hub by spokes, a flexible plate which is attached to the bottom end of the pole beneath the sieve, a counterweight assembly and a scraper bar. The counterweight assembly and scraper bar are attached to the plate. As the wind acts on the blades and rotates the wind motor assembly, the scraper contacts and vibrates the sieve. This releases the powdered substance for distribution over the given area by the wind.
Abstract: A vertical axis windmill features a wind vane assembly freely rotatable relative to an output shaft and having a first wind deflecting device for channeling oncoming wind relatively away from and towards wind reaction panel carrying spars, during those portions of rotational movement thereof relatively towards and away from the wind, respectively, a second wind deflecting device for channeling oncoming wind relatively towards such spars, during that portion of rotational movement thereof relatively away from the wind, and a wind vane cooperating with the first and second wind deflecting devices for maintaining same in desired relatively stationary positions relative to the direction of the oncoming wind, wherein the first wind deflecting device is formed with an opening fitted with an auxiliary panel directly responsive to high wind loading conditions to permit flow of oncoming wind through such opening for purposes of providing a motion retarding or braking effect on the rotational speed of the windmill thro
Abstract: A windmill rotor of the vertical axis type having at least three main blades mounted symmetrically around a shaft and bowing outwardly to define a generally sphere-like chamber. Each main blade has a secondary blade mounted on its inner surface, and the secondary blade is movable under centrifugal force as the rotor turns. An auxiliary blade is provided adjacent to and ahead of the secondary blade to act as a scoop for the wind to provide the rotor with additional thrust at low speed. The auxiliary blade is positioned so that, as the speed of the rotor increases and the secondary blade moves outwardly, the scoop formed by the auxiliary blade is shielded from the wind, thus reducing or eliminating the additional thrust at high rotational speeds. The avoids damage to the rotor in high winds.
Abstract: The present invention is directed to a venturi rotor apparatus for producing power from the rotation thereof. The apparatus comprises a support and a central core having a spherical triangular cross-section mounted on the support for rotation about a central axis through the core. A plurality of support arms, fixed to the central core, extend radially outward therefrom at the verticies of the spherical triangle. At least three airfoils are fixed to a radially extended portion of the support arms such that a gap is formed between the surface of the central core and the surface of the airfoils, with the airfoils being aligned on an axis parallel to the axis of the central core. Fluid flow, such as air flow, having at least a component in the direction perpendicular to the axis of the central core flows through the gap producing a venturi effect for enhancing the movement of the airfoils about the axis of the central core.
Abstract: A wind energy collecting device comprise a vertical rotor and blade of which the face exposed to the wind includes cells for engulfing air currents. The blades drive a uses device through unique shock absorber means.
Abstract: A wind responsive power generating apparatus (20) comprises a pair of normally mutually orthagonal cross arms (22,24) carrying impeller members (22a,22b, 24a,24b) that apply torque to a load (38) through an output shaft (26). The power output of the apparatus (20) is reduced from maximum by reducing the angle between adjacent cross arms and simultaneously rotating impeller members about corresponding cross arm axes to provide air spillthrough. The impellers are selectively vented by valves (46) to reduce drag as each impeller member swings upstream. Operation of the valves (46) is synchronized to impeller rotation and wind direction by a synchronization device (54). Various different types of impeller members and applications are disclosed.
Abstract: A wind-operated rotor, including at least one or more horizontal propellers, mounted along a vertical shaft of a generator secured upon a tower, so as to generate electrical power; a hollow cone secured in opposite directions at the outer ends of each propeller, and means to shift the propeller outwardly at their ends which catch the wind.
Abstract: A wind powered electricity generation system having at least one wind vane assembly, an elongated shaft attached substantially perpendicularly to the bottom of the wind vane assembly, a tower supporting the shaft, and drive gears mounted on the shaft that are connected to an electricity generator. Each of the wind vane assemblies has a carrier member having a plurality of support arms extending outwardly from the carrier member in a horizontal plane. A plurality of elongated trough-shaped vanes are attached by fastener means to a point adjacent the ends of the support arms. The front side of the trough-shaped vanes point outwardly substantially perpendicularly from the lateral attaching surface of the support arms. Each of the trough-shaped vanes have a longitudinally extending axis that makes an angle between 30 degrees and 60 degrees with a vertical axis that pases through the point of attachment of the back of the trough-shaped vane and the support arm.
Abstract: A wind turbine is provided which consists of novel vanes horizontally oriented about a rotating hub connected to a vertical shaft. The vanes are free to pivot about two horizontal hinges such that two vanes connected to each other open when wind force is applied, and close when there is little or no wind force such that there is a minimal amount of resistance to the travel of the vanes when the vanes are against the wind.