Pelton Wheels (impulse Wheels) Patents (Class 416/197B)
  • Patent number: 6113348
    Abstract: An impulse turbine comprises at least one runner keyed to a drive shaft in association with a distributor unit which has, for each runner, a circular outlet for the supply of fluid from the distributor unit to the blades of a respective runner. Each outlet is arranged coaxially inside the respective runner and the distributor unit is shaped in a manner such as to define a substantially circular path for the fluid and to cause the fluid to emerge from the distributor unit through the at least one outlet predominantly tangentially relative to the outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: Dalesby Limited
    Inventor: Pietro Barozzi
  • Patent number: 6073445
    Abstract: A process for producing power by displacing water from a tank for operating a hydro-electric apparatus such as a turbine or Pelton wheel. In one embodiment, combustion products from fossil fuels are utilized to displace water from a reservoir or tank. The combustion products are generated by burning a fuel in a gas that contains more than 25% by volume oxygen to generate a hotter flame and less pollutants. If desired, the fuel and gas can be combusted in the reservoir or tank. In another embodiment, differences in pressure can be used to displace water from a reservoir to the hydro-electric apparatus. With these processes, hydro-electric power can be generated at greatly increased efficiencies compared to the prior art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2000
    Inventor: Arthur Johnson
  • Patent number: 4950130
    Abstract: The Pelton turbine includes a wheel disc with buckets mounted within a casing on a rotatable drive shaft. At least one nozzle is provided for expelling a fluid jet tangentially of the disc onto the buckets. A partition divides the interior of the housing into a spray fluid and outlet region and an upper ventilation region. The driving fluid falls from the buckets into a sump in the outlet region while residual fluid is wiped off the turbine wheel by the partition. The ventilation region allows ventilation of the casing and also produces a flow of gas for increasing the pressure in the sump to improve the outflow of fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 21, 1990
    Assignee: Sulzer Brothers Limited
    Inventor: Josef Erlach
  • Patent number: 4731545
    Abstract: A portable, self-contained power conversion unit is disclosed that is attached to an outlet for a pressurized fluid system, such as the nozzle for a garden hose. An impeller mounted in the body of the unit and is rotated by the discharge of pressurized fluid through the unit. The rotational energy of the impeller is converted into electrical energy by a generator, and/or used directly in rotating tools attached to the impeller, such as grinding wheels, rotary saws, rotary brushes, drill bits, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1988
    Assignee: Desai & Lerner
    Inventors: Hal Lerner, Bhikhabhai J. Desai, Suresh B. Desai
  • Patent number: 4345160
    Abstract: An electrical power generation system includes a waterwheel contained within a housing enclosure above a water collection compartment, a water discharge nozzle in alignment with said waterwheel, means for delivering water to said discharge nozzle including a pump for returning water from the collection compartment, a portion of the output of the waterwheel being used to drive the pump, wherein the waterwheel includes fin elements having inclined water entrapping flange portions and is supported by means of an adjustable support to maintain the waterwheel dynamically balanced and in alignment with the discharge nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1980
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1982
    Inventor: J. T. Smith
  • Patent number: 4150918
    Abstract: A pressure gas engine in which pressurized gas such as air is supplied to a series of arcuately arranged nozzles for blasting the gas into a single series of closely adjacent impulse buckets in a rotor at its rim. Each bucket lies on a chord of the rim that is adjacent to a tangent to the rim that is parallel to this chord. Each bucket has an arcuate impulse surface of substantially constant radius transverse to the direction of rotation of the rotor and extending from an entrance side of the bucket that is adjacent to one end of the bucket to an opposite exhaust side adjacent to the opposite end of the bucket with each exhaust being subjected to minimum back pressure for maximum efficiency. There is also provided nozzle means comprising an arcuate series of nozzles in the casing around the rotor and closely adjacent to the rim for providing these gas blasts through the nozzles into the buckets for rotating the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1977
    Date of Patent: April 24, 1979
    Assignee: Hollymatic Corporation
    Inventor: James V. Theis, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4043702
    Abstract: The invention comprises a water wheel having spaced parallel circular side walls supported on bearings which are rotationally mounted in a stationary base, these bearings preferably being the wheels of railroad cars, there being a plurality of generally radially extended paddle elements disposed between the side walls and extending from the periphery thereof, and including an upwardly extended chute connected to an elevated water supply, this chute having a lower end shaped to deflect water generally horizontally and tangentially into the upper portion of the water wheel and against the paddle elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1975
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1977
    Inventor: Lui Gotti