Fluid Biased Patents (Class 418/249)
  • Patent number: 10415707
    Abstract: A turbomachine and a method of operating the turbomachine are disclosed. The turbomachine includes a stator, a rotor including a rotor bearing face, a face seal assembly, a first pressure cavity, and a second pressure cavity. The face seal assembly includes a seal ring including a seal bearing face, a first pressure cavity, and a plurality of isolated hydrostatic ports extending from the first pressure cavity to the seal bearing face. The face seal assembly is slidably coupled to the stator and defines a face seal clearance between the rotor and seal bearing faces. The second and third pressure cavities are defined by the stator, the rotor, and the face seal assembly. The third pressure cavity is disposed downstream of the second pressure cavity with reference to flow of a process fluid along the stator and rotor. The first pressure cavity is isolated from the second and third pressure cavities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Rahul Anil Bidkar, Azam Mihir Thatte, Jifeng Wang, Xiaoqing Zheng, Edip Sevincer
  • Patent number: 9175684
    Abstract: A rotary pump device includes a stator chamber with a cylindrical inner wall having intake and exhaust ports and an abutment mounted therein, and a rotor eccentrically mounted on an axial driven shaft for rotation within the chamber. The rotor keeps continuous wiping contact with the chamber wall while repelling magnets exert pressure on an abutment which maintains contact with the rotor to partition the intake and outlet ports. The repelling magnets act as a spring to assure contact of the abutment on the rotor while the pump is running or on standby. The repelling is caused by locating magnets positioned with similar facing poles in a pocket positioned against an abutment. A full intake/exhaust cycle takes place every 360° of rotor travel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Inventor: John McIntyre
  • Patent number: 9011123
    Abstract: A rotary pump device includes a stator chamber with a cylindrical inner wall having intake and exhaust ports and a swinging abutment mounted therein, and a rotor eccentrically mounted on an axial drive shaft for rotation within the chamber. The rotor keeps continuous wiping contact with the chamber wall while the swinging abutment maintains contact with the rotor to partition the intake and outlet ports. In a single abutment configuration, a full intake/exhaust cycle occurs every 360° of rotor travel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Inventor: John McIntyre
  • Patent number: 8985982
    Abstract: A pump housing has a cylindrical interior surface having outlets and a pair of side surfaces defining, in combination with the interior surface, a substantially cylindrical chamber. The surfaces have inlets. A rotor has a void, lobes and, for each lobe, a throughpassage. The rotor is positioned in the chamber such that the void communicates with the inlet to receive fluid and the throughpassage for each lobe provides communication between the void and chamber. The rotor is rotatably mounted in the chamber such that the lobes traverse the cylindrical surface. Provided for each outlet is a vane. As the rotor turns, the rotor outer surface is traversed by the vane to create, as the vane traverses a throughpassage, a chamber ahead of the vane which increases in volume and communicates with the throughpassage, and a chamber behind the vane which decreases in volume and communicates with the outlet port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: 1564330 Ontario Inc.
    Inventor: Albert W. Patterson
  • Patent number: 8967984
    Abstract: A twin rotary compressor is provided. In the twin rotary compressor, a refrigerant suction pipe may be connected to a middle plate positioned between a first cylinder and a second cylinder to reduce a height of the first cylinder, so that heights of a first rolling piston and a first vane may also be lowered. This may allow a contact area between the first rolling piston and the first vane to be decreased so as to reduce refrigerant leakage from a first compression space of the first cylinder, resulting in improvement of compression efficiency of the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Yunhi Lee, Seungjun Lee, Minchul Yong
  • Patent number: 8863723
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine includes in one aspect a source of a pressurized working medium and an expander. The expander has a housing and a piston, movably mounted within and with respect to the housing, to perform one of rotation and reciprocation, each complete rotation or reciprocation defining at least a part of a cycle of the engine. The expander also includes a septum, mounted within the housing and movable with respect to the housing and the piston so as to define in conjunction therewith, over first and second angular ranges of the cycle, a working chamber that is isolated from an intake port and an exhaust port. Combustion occurs at least over the first angular range of the cycle to provide heat to the working medium and so as to increase its pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: LiquidPiston, Inc.
    Inventors: Alexander C. Shkolnik, Nikolay Shkolnik
  • Patent number: 8690555
    Abstract: An expander-compressor unit (10) includes a two-stage rotary expansion mechanism (3) having a first cylinder (41) and a second cylinder (42). In the expansion mechanism (3), a suction port (71) facing a working chamber on the upstream side in the first cylinder (41) and a discharge port facing a working chamber on the downstream side in the second cylinder (42) are formed. An intermediate plate (43) is provided between the first cylinder (41) and the second cylinder (42). In the intermediate plate (43), a communication passage (43a) for allowing communication between a working chamber on the downstream side in the first cylinder (41) and a working chamber on the upstream side in the second cylinder (42) is formed. The communication passage (43a) does not communicate with the working chamber in the first cylinder (41) during the suction process, and communicates with the downstream working chamber in the first cylinder (41) at or after the end of the suction process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Takeshi Ogata, Hidetoshi Taguchi, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Yasufumi Takahashi, Atsuo Okaichi
  • Patent number: 8579615
    Abstract: A rotary compressor or expander include a cylindrical housing chamber, a rotatable cylindrical rotor mounted eccentrically with respect to housing chamber center, a cylindrical rotor liner free to move around the rotor, and a pivoting generally circular arc vane hinged to the rotor liner. Cavity or buckets engraved to the outer surface of the rotor liner together with corresponding inlet nozzle flow provide additional momentum impulse transfer from working fluid to expander eccentric rotor. The inlet of the rotary expander is equipped with a rotating valve synchronous to the eccentric rotor, regulating the admission time and duration of the entering working fluid. The exhaust of the rotary compressor is equipped with either a check valve or a rotating valve synchronizing the fluid discharge time and duration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Pars Makina Sanayi Ve Ticaret Limited Sirketi
    Inventor: Ibrahim Sinan Akmandor
  • Patent number: 8529235
    Abstract: An oscillating variable displacement ring pump provides both positive and variable displacement. A housing circumscribes a pump chamber. The pump chamber encases an oscillating ring driven by a crank assembly. The ring encircles an end of the crank assembly. The crank assembly includes an annular spacer that rolls inside the ring. When the pump chamber is sealed, rotation of the crank assembly causes ring oscillation in the chamber. Ring oscillation creates vacuum pressure, which draws substances into pump chamber via an inlet port while pumping out substances of the pump chamber via an outlet port. A valve within the pump chamber contacts the ring and follows ring oscillation to help separate incoming substances from outgoing substances. The pump can include an adjustable internal by-pass means to control the volume and pressure of substances delivered by the pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Inventor: Ronald Szepesy
  • Patent number: 8075292
    Abstract: A rotary piston compressor comprises a cylinder block (100), an eccentric rotor group (200) being fitted in the chamber of the cylinder block, a shaft (2) and a separating means (40). The eccentric rotor group (200) comprises a cylindrical rotor (4) provided on the shaft (2) and rotatable therewith, and a collar (3) rotationally provided on the cylindrical rotor (4). The separating means (40) is used for separating the axially extended sealed chamber, which is formed between the outer peripheral surface of the eccentric rotor group (200) and the inner wall of the cylinder block (100), into an induction chamber (70) and an exhaustion chamber (71).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Inventor: Xiaoying Yun
  • Patent number: 7909013
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine includes in one aspect a source of a pressurized working medium and an expander. The expander has a housing and a piston, movably mounted within and with respect to the housing, to perform one of rotation and reciprocation, each complete rotation or reciprocation defining at least a part of a cycle of the engine. The expander also includes a septum, mounted within the housing and movable with respect to the housing and the piston so as to define in conjunction therewith, over first and second angular ranges of the cycle, a working chamber that is isolated from an intake port and an exhaust port. Combustion occurs at least over the first angular range of the cycle to provide heat to the working medium and so as to increase its pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2011
    Assignee: LiquidPiston, Inc.
    Inventors: Alexander C. Shkolnik, Nikolay Shkolnik
  • Patent number: 7845332
    Abstract: A rotary engine includes an outer shell having a plurality of working spaces each receiving a power-generating unit. A rotor is rotatable within the outer shell, and includes a rotor body and a plurality of vanes. When the rotor rotates one revolution in the outer shell, each of the vanes drives each of the power-generating units to complete a working cycle including four strokes of intake, compression, combustion, and exhaust. In each combustion stroke, compressed gas is injected on the corresponding vane to rotate the rotor about the central axis of an output shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Inventor: Sern-Bean Wang
  • Patent number: 7780427
    Abstract: A two-stage rotary compressor includes a sealed cylindrical compressor housing in which first, second, third communication holes are provided apart in an axial direction on an outer peripheral wall; an accumulator held at an outside part of the housing; a low-pressure connecting pipe for connecting a bottom communication hole of the accumulator and the second communication hole; and an intermediate connecting pipe for connecting the first and third communication holes. The first and third communication holes are provided nearly in the same locations in the circumferential direction of the housing. The accumulator is held nearly in the same location in the circumferential direction as that of the second communication hole. The second communication hole is provided in a different location in the circumferential direction from those of the first and third communication holes for preventing interference between the low-pressure and intermediate connecting pipes each formed in arc shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Assignee: Fujitsu General Limited
    Inventors: Kenshi Ueda, Naoya Morozumi
  • Patent number: 7766636
    Abstract: An oscillating variable displacement ring pump provides both positive and variable displacement. A housing circumscribes a pump chamber. The pump chamber encases an oscillating ring driven by a crankshaft. The crankshaft's offset shaft is located inside the pump chamber. The ring encircles the offset shaft. A bearing rotatably attached to the offset shaft rolls inside the ring. When the pump chamber is sealed, rotation of the offset shaft causes ring oscillation in the chamber. Ring oscillation creates vacuum pressure, which draws substances into pump chamber via an inlet port while pumping out substances of the pump chamber via an outlet port. A valve within the pump chamber contacts the ring and follows ring oscillation to help separate incoming substances from outgoing substances. The pump can include an adjustable internal by-pass means to control the volume and pressure of substances delivered by the pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Inventor: Ronald Szepesy
  • Publication number: 20100092324
    Abstract: Provided is a variable capacity rotary compressor, which has a passage for restricting a vane using a pressure applied towards a perpendicular direction to a direction of a motion of the vane. A ratio between a sectional area of the passage and a vane area of the vane facing the passage and receiving a restriction pressure applied thereto ranges from 1.5% to 16.4%, and accordingly the vane can smoothly perform a reciprocation upon a normal driving mode of the compressor and also the vane can be quickly restricted upon a saving driving mode of the compressor. Hence, the fast and stable restriction of the vane can prevent a vibration of the vane, so as to reduce noise generated from the compressor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 24, 2007
    Publication date: April 15, 2010
    Inventors: Sang-Myung Byun, Jeong-Min Han
  • Patent number: 7641454
    Abstract: A two-stage rotary compressor includes a sealed cylindrical compressor housing that includes first, second and third communication holes separately arranged sequentially in an axial direction on an outer peripheral wall, an accumulator held on an outer side of the housing, a low-pressure connecting pipe that connects a bottom communication hole of the accumulator and the second communication hole, and an intermediate connecting pipe that connects the first and third communication holes. The second and third communication holes are arranged at nearly the same circumferential direction position of the housing. The accumulator is held at nearly the same circumferential direction position as the second communication hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2010
    Assignee: Fujitsu General Limited
    Inventors: Kenshi Ueda, Naoya Morozumi
  • Patent number: 7621729
    Abstract: An object is to provide a high inner pressure type multistage compression rotary compressor capable of avoiding beforehand generation of vane fly of a second rotary compression element and realizing a stabilized operation, the rotary compressor includes a communication path which connects an intermediate pressure region to a region having a low pressure as a suction pressure of a first rotary compression element; and a valve device which opens or closes this communication path, the rotary compressor applies a high pressure as a back pressure of an upper vane, and this valve device opens the communication path in a case where a pressure difference between the intermediate pressure and the low pressure increases a predetermined upper limit value before the intermediate pressure reaches the high pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2009
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenzo Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Matsumori, Takashi Sato, Takayasu Saito
  • Patent number: 7611343
    Abstract: An object is to provide a high inner pressure type multistage compression rotary compressor capable of avoiding beforehand generation of vane fly of a second rotary compression element and realizing a stabilized operation, the rotary compressor includes a communication path which connects an intermediate pressure region to a region having a low pressure as a suction pressure of a first rotary compression element; and a valve device which opens or closes this communication path, the rotary compressor applies a high pressure as a back pressure of an upper vane, and this valve device opens the communication path in a case where a pressure difference between the intermediate pressure and the low pressure increases a predetermined upper limit value before the intermediate pressure reaches the high pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2009
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenzo Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Matsumori, Takashi Sato, Takayasu Saito
  • Patent number: 7611342
    Abstract: An object is to provide a high inner pressure type multistage compression rotary compressor capable of avoiding beforehand generation of vane fly of a second rotary compression element and realizing a stabilized operation, the rotary compressor includes a communication path which connects an intermediate pressure region to a region having a low pressure as a suction pressure of a first rotary compression element; and a valve device which opens or closes this communication path, the rotary compressor applies a high pressure as a back pressure of an upper vane, and this valve device opens the communication path in a case where a pressure difference between the intermediate pressure and the low pressure increases a predetermined upper limit value before the intermediate pressure reaches the high pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2009
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenzo Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Matsumori, Takashi Sato, Takayasu Saito
  • Patent number: 7556484
    Abstract: A piston 4 has a generally cylindrical-shaped roller and a blade that is integrally formed with the roller. The piston 4 performs a swing motion while orbitally revolving within a cylinder chamber of a cylinder. A light-load side portion of an inner circumferential sliding surface of the roller is provided as a small-width portion which is smaller in width than a heavy-load side large-width portion. The small-width portion is formed over a range from a point A resulting from a 30° displacement to a point B resulting from a 180° displacement in a rotational direction of the drive shaft from a base point which is given by a joining point O of the roller with the blade. The piston 4 orbitally revolves within the horizontal plane, and the small-width portion of the roller serves as an oil sump in such a manner that upper side portion of the inner circumferential sliding surface is cut out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takahiro Doi, Hiroyuki Taniwa
  • Patent number: 7520733
    Abstract: There is provided an internal intermediate pressure multistage compression type rotary compressor capable of reducing a height dimension while reducing the amount of oil to be discharged outside. An electric element and first and second rotary compression elements which are driven by a rotary shaft of the electric element disposed under the electric element are provided in a hermetic shell case. There is provided a refrigerant introduction pipe for introducing refrigerant in the hermetic shell case over the electric element into the second rotary compression element through an outside of the hermetic shell case. There is provided an oil path provided in the rotary shaft for discharging oil through an oil discharge port which is positioned at the upper end of the rotary shaft. The refrigerant introduction pipe is provided such that apart of an inlet of the refrigerant introduction pipe is positioned under the upper end of a stator of the electric element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2009
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenzo Matumoto, Haruhisa Yamasaki, Kazuya Sato, Masaya Tadano, Satoshi Imai, Akira Sugawara, Takashi Sato
  • Patent number: 7491042
    Abstract: An object is to provide a high inner pressure type multistage compression rotary compressor capable of avoiding beforehand generation of vane fly of a second rotary compression element and realizing a stabilized operation, the rotary compressor includes a communication path which connects an intermediate pressure region to a region having a low pressure as a suction pressure of a first rotary compression element; and a valve device which opens or closes this communication path, the rotary compressor applies a high pressure as a back pressure of an upper vane, and this valve device opens the communication path in a case where a pressure difference between the intermediate pressure and the low pressure increases a predetermined upper limit value before the intermediate pressure reaches the high pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2009
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenzo Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Matsumori, Takashi Sato, Takayasu Saito
  • Patent number: 7117841
    Abstract: K. Engine (KE) is rotary internal combustion engine, combination Reciprocating Engine (RE) and Gas Turbine (GT) comprising coaxially separate piston rotary compressor and turbine having housings with annular channels, outside combustion chambers (CH) unified with rotary valve mechanisms, staggered partitions dividing the annular channels for separate cylinders or freely passing the pistons; control means governing the partitions allow operational adjustment displacement volume KE without a brake effect; separate CHs secure ideal combustion in constant volume, unrestricted analog of advance of an ignition and forced ventilation; combined Otto- Brighton cycle and simple design provide high efficiency and reliability, great fuel economy, small sound and pollution; optimal work diapason KE is wider of both GT and RE; weight and size KE led to RE of the same displacement volume is 10 times less but more power and torque.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2006
    Inventor: Georgi Joseph Kernes
  • Patent number: 7101162
    Abstract: A refrigerant cycling device is provided, wherein a compressor comprises an electric motor element, a first and a second rotary compression elements in a sealed container. The first and the second rotary compression elements are driven by the electric motor element. The refrigerant compressed and discharged by the first rotary compression element is compressed by absorbing into the second rotary compression element, and is discharged to the gas cooler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenzo Matsumoto, Kazuya Sato, Kentaro Yamaguchi, Kazuaki Fujiwara, Masaji Yamanaka, Haruhisa Yamasaki
  • Patent number: 7101161
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing a multi-stage compression type rotary compressor which can avoid the replacement of parts to be used as much as possible to reduce costs and also which enables easily setting an appropriate displacement volume ratio while preventing the compressor from being increased in size. The gist of the present invention is that an inner diameter of a lower cylinder is altered without altering its thickness (or height), and a displacement volume ratio between first and second rotary compression elements is set to an optimum value in accordance with the alteration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenzo Matsumoto, Haruhisa Yamasaki, Masaya Tadano, Kazuya Sato, Dai Matsuura, Takayasu Saito, Noriyuki Tsuda
  • Patent number: 7044725
    Abstract: A machine, such as an engine, which includes a cylinder (1), an essentially cylindrical piston (5) set on bearings and equipped with an eccentrically-set shaft (11), an inlet port or valve (8), an outlet port or valve (9), and a lever device (7), which is attached by bearings to a shaft (6) and which is intended to be in essentially tight contact with the piston (5). The cylinder (1) forms an essentially cylindrical chamber for the rotary piston (5) and a partially cylindrical chamber for the lever device (7) that moves backwards and forwards. The piston (5) is equipped, in the interior of the working chamber, with sliding-ring-type bearings (13, 14).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Inventor: Veikko Kalevi Rantala
  • Patent number: 6974314
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing a multi-stage compression type rotary compressor which can avoid the replacement of parts to be used as much as possible to reduce costs and also which enables easily setting an appropriate displacement volume ratio while preventing the compressor from being increased in size. The gist of the present invention is that an inner diameter of a lower cylinder is altered without altering its thickness (or height), and a displacement volume ratio between first and second rotary compression elements is set to an optimum value in accordance with the alteration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2005
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenzo Matsumoto, Haruhisa Yamasaki, Masaya Tadano, Kazuya Sato, Dai Matsuura, Takayasu Saito, Noriyuki Tsuda
  • Patent number: 6887059
    Abstract: A machine, such as an engine, which includes a cylinder (1), an essentially cylindrical piston (5) set on bearings and equipped with an eccentrically-set shaft (11), an inlet port or valve (8), an outlet port or valve (9), and a lever device (7), which is attached by bearings to a shaft (6) and which is intended to be in essentially tight contact with the piston (5). The cylinder (1) forms an essentially cylindrical chamber for the rotary piston (5) and a partially cylindrical chamber for the lever device (7) that moves backwards and forwards. The piston (5) is equipped, in the interior of the working chamber, with sliding-ring-type bearings (13, 14).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Inventor: Veikko Kalevi Rantala
  • Patent number: 6827564
    Abstract: A rotary piston displacement device having an impeller housng with an approximately cylindrical receiving chamber in which an approximately cylindrical piston, which has a smaller outside diameter than and which is mounted eccentrically relative to, the receiving chamber, is provided mounted on an eccentric drive. The rotary piston forms an approximately sickle-shaped interspace between its outer wall and the inner wall of the receiving chamber. This interspace is divided into a pressure chamber and a suction chamber by a separating crosspiece that is placed between an inlet opening that is located inside the housing and an outlet opening. The outer and inner fixing locations of the separating crosspiece, which is connected to the housing on the one side and the piston on the other side, are offset with respect to one another in the peripheral direction of the rotary piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: KNF Neuberger GmbH
    Inventor: Erich Becker
  • Patent number: 6824367
    Abstract: A multi-stage compression type rotary compressor 10 is provided with an electrical-power element 14, the first and second rotary compression elements 32, 34 driven by a rotary shaft 16 of the electrical-power element 14 in a sealed vessel 12. The refrigerant compressed by the first rotary compression element 32 is compressed by the second rotary compression element 34. The refrigerant is combustible. The refrigerant compressed by the first rotary compression element 32 is discharged to the sealed vessel 12. The discharged medium pressure refrigerant is compressed by the second rotary compression element 34. Additionally, the displacement volume ratio of the second rotary compression element 34 to the first rotary compression element 32 is set not less than 60% and not more than 90%. By using the multi-stage compression type rotary compressor, a rotary compressor using a combustible refrigerant can be carried out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2004
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenzo Matsumoto, Kazuaki Fujiwara, Haruhisa Yamasaki, Yoshio Watabe, Kentaro Yamaguchi, Noriyuki Tsuda, Masaji Yamanaka, Kazuya Sato
  • Patent number: 6732542
    Abstract: A defroster restrains a vane jump that takes place when an evaporator is defrosted in a refrigerant circuit using a so-called internal intermediate-pressure type double-stage compression rotary compressor. The defroster includes a rotary compressor that discharges a refrigerant gas that has been compressed by a first rotary compressing unit into a hermetic vessel and further compresses the discharged intermediate-pressure refrigerant gas, a gas cooler, an expansion valve, and an evaporator. To defrost the evaporator, the refrigerant gas discharged from the second rotary compressing unit is introduced into the evaporator without decompressing it by the expansion valve. Furthermore, the refrigerant gas discharged from the first rotary compressing unit is introduced into the evaporator. At the same time, an electromotive unit of the rotary compressor is run at a predetermined number of revolutions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Haruhisa Yamasaki, Masaya Tadano, Kenzo Matsumoto, Kazuya Sato, Dai Matsuura, Takayasu Saito
  • Publication number: 20040071576
    Abstract: A multi-stage compression type rotary compressor 10 is provided with an electrical-power element 14, the first and second rotary compression elements 32, 34 driven by a rotary shaft 16 of the electrical-power element 14 in a sealed vessel 12. The refrigerant compressed by the first rotary compression element 32 is compressed by the second rotary compression element 34. The refrigerant is combustible. The refrigerant compressed by the first rotary compression element 32 is discharged to the sealed vessel 12. The discharged medium pressure refrigerant is compressed by the second rotary compression element 34. Additionally, the displacement volume ratio of the second rotary compression element 34 to the first rotary compression element 32 is set not less than 60% and not more than 90%. By using the multi-stage compression type rotary compressor, a rotary compressor using a combustible refrigerant can be carried out.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2003
    Publication date: April 15, 2004
    Inventors: Kenzo Matsumoto, Kazuaki Fujiwara, Haruhisa Yamasaki, Yoshio Watabe, Kentaro Yamaguchi, Noriyuki Tsuda, Masaji Yamanaka, Kazuya Sato
  • Patent number: 6322341
    Abstract: A hydraulic rotary actuator assembly includes a rotatable drive assembly disposed about and rotatable about a longitudinal axis of the actuator and a stator assembly disposed about the rotatable drive assembly. The rotatable drive assembly includes an output shaft having a coupling end for rotatably engaging a workpiece, and a rotor disposed concentrically about the longitudinal axis and rotatable to drive rotation of the output shaft. The rotor has an outside radial surface that includes at least one radially protruding flange or rotor vane. The stator assembly is disposed concentrically about and generally radially spaced from the rotor and has at least one radially movable stator vane that is sealingly engageable with the outside radial surface of the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2001
    Assignee: Johnson Engineering Corp.
    Inventor: John R. Haas
  • Patent number: 6283728
    Abstract: A plurality of rotary assemblies driven by gas pressure having internal cam activated retractable gates selectively coupled to a rotary compressor. The rotary compressor is selectively coupled through a clutch to a shaft. The shaft is rotated by the plurality of rotor engine assemblies that are driven by gas pressure. A gate is coupled to a cam follower bearing that rides on an internal surface of the rotor housing, causing the gates to form chambers within the rotor as well as move out of position to pass a chamber divider. The shaft may be coupled to a load to do work.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2001
    Inventor: Constantin Tomoiu
  • Patent number: 6280169
    Abstract: A rotary hydraulic machine (10) for incorporation in a drill string (92) of a well formation (86). The machine (10) is particularly adapted to act as a motor and includes an outer housing (11) of a generally cylindrical configuration having a radial inner surface (12). Rotatably mounted within the housing (11) is a shaft assembly (13) including a shaft (14) upon which a stator (15) is mounted. The stator (15) includes a plurality of lobes (16) which have a maximum radius approximately equal to the radius of the surface (12). A plurality of gates (35) are radially movably mounted in the housing (11) and engage the stator (15). The shaft (14) is hollow to provide for the delivery and the removal of hydraulic fluid to the working chambers (45 and 46) of the machine (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2001
    Assignee: Merlin Corporation PTY LTD
    Inventors: Benjamin Francis Dyktynski, Daryl Wheeler, Lui Lau
  • Patent number: 6168401
    Abstract: An hydraulic conveying device, in particular for conveying diesel fuel for an internal-combustion engine in motor vehicles, with a housing provided with at least one conveying chamber as well as a displacement unit rotor arranged in the conveying chamber. Rotation of the displacement unit forms pump chambers with varying volumes by means of which a fluid is conveyed from a suction connection of the conveying device to a pressure connection of the conveying device. The conveying devices includes a screen or wall with openings for retaining a quantity of the fluid to be conveyed in the conveying chamber when a supply of fluid by way of the suction connection is interrupted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2001
    Assignee: Luk Automobiltechnik GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Kai Schenck, Dieter Otto
  • Patent number: 5885065
    Abstract: A pump for pumping a liquid containing solids comprises a housing having a first end and second end and an interior pump chamber. An inlet pipe leads to the pump chamber through the first end, and an outlet pipe leads from the pump chamber at the second end. A core having a vane extending therefrom rotates within the chamber. The core has hollow portions permitting material to move from the inlet pipe to the pump chamber and from the pump chamber to the outlet pipe. The vane extends from the core outwardly, seals against the housing, and works in cooperation with a pair of moving blades to draw material from the inlet pipe and expel the material through the outlet pipe. The blades, which are arcuate in shape and have curved ends, are operated by pneumatic cylinders and move from a retracted position in which they are positioned out of the pump chamber to a deployed position in which the curved end sealably engages the core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1999
    Inventor: Marshall Long
  • Patent number: 5833444
    Abstract: There is disclosed a fluid driven motor of particular use, for example, in drilling apparatus or in powering underwater excavation apparatus. Known motors suffer from a number of problems, e.g. lack of sufficient hydraulic efficiency. According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided a motor comprising a stator and a rotor rotatably mounted in the stator, wherein the stator is provided with at least one rod recess formed in an inner surface thereof, the stator providing at least one inlet/exhaust port communicating between a surface of the rod recess and an outer surface of the stator, the rotor is provided with a rotor channel and at least one channel for conducting motive fluid from the rotor channel to a chamber between the rotor and the stator, and the at least one rod recess is provided with a rod which, in use, may form a seal between the stator and the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Inventors: Gary L. Harris, Hector D. Susman, Kenneth R. Stewart
  • Patent number: 5785509
    Abstract: A drilling motor has been developed with a hollow tubular stator having at least one rod recess therein and an inlet port therethrough corresponding to each of the at least one rod recess; a rod movably disposed in each of the at least one rod recess; a tubular rotor movably disposed within the stator for rotation therein, the tubular rotor having a central motive fluid flow channel therethrough and extending along the length of the rotor, the rotor having one or more radial exhaust flow channels therethrough for providing a motive fluid flow path to the central motive fluid flow channel from at least one action chamber between the hollow tubular stator and tubular rotor; the tubular rotor having at least one rotor seal; and the at least one action chamber defined by an interior surface of the hollow tubular stator and an exterior surface of the tubular rotor, each of the at least one action chamber sealed at one end by the rod and at another end by one of the at least one rotor seals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1998
    Inventors: Gary L. Harris, Hector D. Susman
  • Patent number: 5518379
    Abstract: A drilling motor has been developed with a hollow tubular stator having at least one rod recess therein and an exhaust port therethrough corresponding to each of the at least one rod recess; a rod movably disposed in each of the at least one rod recess; a tubular rotor movably disposed within the stator for rotation therein, the tubular rotor having a central motive fluid flow channel therethrough and extending along the length of the rotor, the rotor having one or more radial flow channels therethrough for providing a motive fluid flow path from the central motive fluid flow channel to at least one action chamber between the hollow tubular stator and tubular rotor; the tubular rotor having at least one rotor seal; and the at least one action chamber defined by an interior surface of the hollow tubular stator and an exterior surface of the tubular rotor, each of the at least one action chamber sealed at one end by the rod and at another end by one of the at least one rotor seals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1996
    Inventors: Gary L. Harris, Hector D. Susman
  • Patent number: 5242280
    Abstract: A multi-stage rotary type compressor is constituted in such a manner that an electric motor and a plurality of compression elements to be driven by the electric motor are disposed in a closed container and the compression elements thus-disposed are sequentially connected in series. The compressor thus-constituted is arranged in such a manner that the space in the closed container is filled with the pressure discharged from the final stage. Furthermore, lubricating oil, the pressure of which is equivalent to the level of the pressure discharged from each compression element, is introduced into a back side chamber of a vane of each compression element to urge the back side of each vane with the pressure of lubricating oil. As a result, the wear of the tip end of the vane and the input loss are prevented. Therefore, satisfactory durability and compression efficiency can be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1993
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Katuharu Fujio
  • Patent number: 5242288
    Abstract: An engine or pump is described which has a round cylinder in cross section, the surface of the cylinder being a round toroidal tube in the rotary direction. The cylinder is made of two equal parts, one part fixed and one part rotating with each part meeting on a flat surface at a right angle to the driveshaft. Force exerted axially against the rotating cylinder part by a spring diaphram seals the cylinder where the two parts meet on the flat surface. The spring diaphram is pre-loaded by a thrust bearing in a pre-loading disk to apply force to the rotating part of the cylinder. Within the cylinder are one or more round toroidal section pistons that are attached to the rotating part of the cylinder by piston pins. A hinged internal cylinder abutment is actuated by the piston as the piston passes through the abutment section. Working fluid to the cylinder is controlled by an internal valve actuated by a cam-disk on the driveshaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1987
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1993
    Inventor: Ogden W. Vincent
  • Patent number: 4819594
    Abstract: A reversible rotary internal combustion engine comprising a stator which defines a cylindrical chamber (43), a drive shaft (1) extending coaxially through the chamber, a rotor (2) comprising a cylindrical hub mounted coaxially on the drive shaft and a rotor arm (3) extending radially from the hub, two radially movable wall members (4a, 4b) mounted in the stator, each of the wall members having a retracted position in which the radially inner face of the wall member lies flush with the inner periphery of the stator and an inserted position in which the face of the wall member is in contact with the peripheral surface of the hub, means (8a, 8b) for selecting one of the wall members (4a, 4b) to lie normally in the inserted position so as to divide the chamber (43) into a combustion chamber (47) between such wall member and the rotor arm (3) and an air compression chamber (48), means (12, 13) for introducing air and a fuel into the combustion chamber (47) whereby upon ignition of the fuel/air mixture the combusti
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1989
    Inventor: George B. Tsakiroglou
  • Patent number: 4664608
    Abstract: A hermetically sealed rotary refrigerant compressor, comprising a compression chamber, a roller eccentrically rotatable in the chamber, and a vane slidably mounted in a slot in the wall of the chamber dividing the chamber between a low pressure suction side and a high pressure compression side including means for modulating the pressure differential between the low pressure suction side and the high pressure compression side of the vane at a preselected time in the compression cycle so as to minimize the frictional forces between the vane and vane slot caused by the pressure differential in the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1987
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Glen O. Adams, Gerald E. Sturgeon, Gary O. Scheldorf
  • Patent number: 4345886
    Abstract: A rotary compressor for compressing fluid. A housing having a cylindrical internal cavity is provided with vanes and delivery ports. A rotor is rotatably mounted in the housing. The rotor has a portion for making a sealing contact with the inner peripheral surface of the housing. The rotor has a suction chamber formed therein. The number of the vanes is greater by 1 (one) than the number of the sealing contacts between the rotor and the inner peripheral surface of the housing. At least one suction port is formed through the wall of the rotor, so that the fluid in the suction chamber may be sucked into the working chamber defined by the vanes, rotor and the housing. The suction port is so located that, when a working chamber has been expanded to its maximum volume, the suction port is positioned between the vane located at the leading side of the working chamber as viewed in the direction or rotation of the rotor and the sealing portion closer to the vane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1982
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho
    Inventors: Shozo Nakayama, Mitsuhiro Hattori, Hiromitsu Ono
  • Patent number: 4086042
    Abstract: A rotary compressor is provided in which the space between the rotor and the encompassing housing wall is separated into suction and discharge spaces by reciprocating vane assemblies, each of which includes a blade portion having a distal end portion carrying a pivotal shoe, the joint between the shoe and blade being of cylinder and socket character with the blade end forming the cylinder part of the joint and the shoe having a socket cavity for receiving the cylinder. In other forms, the shoe has a generally channel shape in transverse cross section with the leg of the channel facing the compression side having vent holes which reduces the turning movement applied to the shoe under conditions of high differential pressures between one side of the shoe and the other. This arrangement promotes stability and reduces the possibility of loss of equilibrium of the shoe against the moving surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1976
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1978
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corporation
    Inventor: Robert R. Young
  • Patent number: 4009690
    Abstract: A rotary internal combustion engine comprising an elongated rotor having an oval shaped cross-section secured to a compartmentalized shaft rotatably disposed in an elongated cylindrical shaped bore in a stationary engine block. A plurality of vanes, having a curved wedge-shaped cross-section, are pivotally secured to the block and arranged to move into the cylindrical shaped bore into sealing engagement with the outer surface of the rotor. Fuel and air are delivered through the compartmentalized shaft into chambers between adjacent vanes where fuel is compressed, ignited, and allowed to expand applying torque to the oval shaped rotor. The oval shaped cross-section of the rotor has long sides which are substantially straight and first and second arcuate ends.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1975
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1977
    Inventor: George W. Moran
  • Patent number: 3995601
    Abstract: A rotary internal combustion engine including a single shaft supporting two rotors recessed to form working chambers in adjacent sections of a housing with a cylindrical interior, one rotor performing the intake and compression functions and the other, the combustion and exhaust functions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1975
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1976
    Inventor: Everett C. Schwartz