Abstract: Pump for conveying liquid, having at least one pump housing with at least one inlet and at least one outlet, and including an inner circumferential surface and a geometric axis, where an eccentric is arranged within the pump housing and is moveable eccentrically relative to the pump housing around the geometric axis. A deformable element is arranged in a pump gap between the inner circumferential surface of the pump housing and an outer surface of the eccentric. The deformable element is pressed against the pump housing by the outer surface of the eccentric along at least one section of a conveying channel such that at least one displaceable seal of the conveying channel and at least one closed pump volume are formed in the conveying channel which are displaceable by an eccentric movement of the eccentric for conveying the fluid along the conveying channel from the inlet to the outlet.
Abstract: An eccentric screw machine (10) demonstrates a Stator (11) having an inner lining (17), which demonstrates teeth projecting inwards. The tips of these teeth are provided with micro-ribs (26 to 29), which are embodied asymmetrically with respect to the radials (R). They preferably demonstrate a flatly rising edge (30) and a steeply falling edge (31). This thus results in improved operating performance, depending on the direction of rotation.
Abstract: The claimed invention relates to rotary pumps. The claimed rotary pump comprises: an hollow housing having a side wall and end-face walls; a shaft rotatably positioned in the housing essentially in parallel with the side wall, the distance between the housing side wall and the shaft is variable; deformable rollers that are arranged and adapted to move, when the shaft rotates, between the housing side-wall and the shaft, while moving their deformation being maximal in the region of the minimal distance between the housing side-wall and the shaft; and sealed cavities, each of which cavities being defined by two contiguous rollers, the housing's side wall and end-face walls; the sealed cavities being adapted to communicate with the suction port as their volume increases, and communicate with the delivery port as their volume decreases.
Abstract: A pump is provided that includes a body made at least partially of an elastomeric material and an inlet port and an outlet port, with each port being coupled to the body. The pump further includes a flow passage formed in the body and extending between the inlet port and the outlet port, with at least a portion of the flow passage being normally closed and with the inlet port being fluidicly uncoupled with the outlet port when the pump is in a free-state condition. An actuating device is coupled to the body and is operable for sequentially deforming the body to create a cavity within the normally closed portion of the flow passage, the cavity being in fluid communication with the inlet port, thereby drawing a packet of fluid from the inlet port into the cavity and propagating the cavity and the packet of fluid contained therein toward the outlet port.
June 19, 2007
Date of Patent:
October 25, 2011
Smiths Medical ASD, Inc.
Stanley Paul Mack, Joseph Amley, Steven LaCross, Danny Lincoln, Charles R. Patzer, Stephen L. Vick
Abstract: In a scroll type compressor (1) that includes a fixed scroll (21) fixed inside of a casing (10) and a movable scroll (22) meshed with the fixed scroll (21) and presses the movable scroll (22) against the fixed scroll (21), the pressing force of the movable scroll (22) against the fixed scroll (21) is obtained from the pressure of a high-pressure space (S2) that acts on the back face of the movable scroll (22) and the pressing force is controlled in accordance with the variation in the compression ratio with the change in the operating condition thereby preventing decrease in efficiency and mechanical loss.
Abstract: A rotary diaphragm fluid pump includes a rigid tubular body with internal annular groove, a tubular flexible diaphragm whose central portion is caused to orbit by an eccentrically driven bearing. Preferably the diaphragm is a moulding which features an elastic fixed abutment between the inlet and outlet ports, and internal reinforcement to ensure that the full diaphragm stroke is achieved. Two such pumps may compliment each other to produce a pulsation free output.
Abstract: A vacuum pump with circular translation cycle comprises a stationary body (10) with a stationary disc (13, 14) that includes, at least on one side thereof, a spiral-shaped projection (23, 24, 25), a movable disc (30) facing the stationary one (13, 14) and also including at least one spiral-shaped projection (33, 34, 35) interleaved with the projection (23, 24, 25) of the stationary disc (13, 14) and with the same angular range, a mechanism connecting the movable disc (30) to the body (10) so that it is supported thereby and controlling the circular translational motion of the movable disc (30) in relation to the body (10), and actuating unit (20) for driving the movable disc (30) by a pump shaft (50) that is centrally located in relation to the stationary body (10), the mechanism comprising at least one bearing (47) supported by the pump shaft (50) . The pump also includes a device for limiting undesirable travel in the circular translation of the disc, the device being a metallic bellows (60).
August 25, 1997
Date of Patent:
September 14, 1999
S.B.P.V. (Societe des Brevets P. Vulliez)
Abstract: A wrap of an orbiting scroll member and a wrap of a fixed scroll member are each provided with a non-rigid surface coating layer having a predetermined thickness. An orbiting radius varying mechanism is provided between a driving shaft and the orbiting scroll member, thereby gradually increasing the orbiting radius of the orbiting scroll member at the initial stage of running, and thus positively allowing the surface coating layers to wear by rubbing against each other. A stopper mechanism is provided between the driving shaft and the orbiting scroll member to regulate the rotation angle of a variable crank relative to the driving shaft to a predetermined rotation angle, thereby preventing the surface coating layers from being excessively worn as the orbiting radius of the orbiting scroll member increases.
Abstract: A compact scroll fluid device includes a pair of wrap support elements with one of the wrap support elements having an inner axial surface formed with an involute spiral recess and the other of the wrap support elements having an involute spiral wrap member projecting from an inner axial surface thereof. The spiral wrap member is received within the spiral recess while being relatively movable about an orbital path therein. A synchronizer assembly is provided axially between the wrap support elements, radially inwardly of both inlet and outlet zones associated with the scroll fluid device and radially outwardly of an orbit center of the device. The entire scroll fluid device is preferably made of plastic. With this arrangement, an extremely compact and inexpensive device is provided.
Abstract: A fluid flow control system includes a disposable cartridge which is receivable in a shifting carrier body portion of a control module. The disposable cartridge houses a disposable pump and a pressure transducer element which are fluidly interconnected by an internal fluid flow circuit formed in part by an elastomeric separating sheet within the cartridge. Following loading of the cartridge, shifting of the carrier body portion automatically results in a drive connection to the pump, the positioning of various flow control valves within the cartridge and the seating of the pressure transducer element to the control module. External flow lines are readily placed in fluid communication with the internal fluid flow circuit through exterior connection ports provided on the cartridge.
Abstract: A scrool fluid machine including a fixed scroll an orbiting scroll an Oldham ring and bearing portions which are entirely or partly made of a reaction-bonded precise sintered ceramics which is superior in near-net-shape property, and particularly made of a reaction bonded precise sintered ceramics which is produced by reaction-bonding inorganic compound particles such as A1.sub.2 O.sub.3, SiC, TiN, ZrN etc. with Si.sub.3 N.sub.4 which is a nitride of Si.
Abstract: An orbiting scroll is made with a ceramic particle reinforced aluminum metal matrix composite. The resultant part has increased wear resistance, closer thermal expansion matching with cast iron, can be used without tip seals and offers the advantages associated with a reduced mass. In manufacturing the part, the part is pressure cast to a near net shape and machined to the final shape.
February 22, 1994
Date of Patent:
December 26, 1995
Vincent C. Nardone, Karl M. Prewo, James R. Strife
Abstract: This invention relates to a resin composition for scroll compressor parts which comprises(A) about 40 to 70 parts by weight of at least one thermoplastic resin selected from the group consisting of polyphenylene sulfide, polyetheretherketone, polyetherketone, all-aromatic polyester, nylon-4,6, nylon-MXD6, polysulfone, polyarylsulfone, polyethersulfone, polyetherimide, polyamide-imide and polyimide,(B) about 15 to 45 parts by weight of whisker with an average fiber diameter of not more than about 3 .mu.m and a tensile modulus of not less than about 10,000 kgf/mm.sup.2 ;(C) about 10 to 25 parts by weight of heat-resistant fiber with an average fiber diameter of not more than about 30 .mu.m and a tensile modulus of not less than about 6,500 kgf/mm.sup.2 ; and(D) about 5 to 20 parts by weight of a finely divided solid lubricant, the sum total of components (A) to (D) being 100 parts by weight and a method of manufacturing scroll compressor parts characterized in that the above composition is injection molded.
Abstract: A rotary compressor has a plate-like hollow vane disposed in sliding contact with a rotary piston. The vane has an internal cavity formed by a plurality of bores each having a substantially rectangular cross-section. The corners of each bore are each formed by a curved concave surface of a radius of curvature which is greater than the thicknesses of the outer walls of the vane. The major side surfaces of the vane are in slidable contact with opposing walls of a vane slot and have surface layers each formed of an oxide film consisting mainly of tri-iron tetraoxide (Fe.sub.3 O.sub.4). The film is finished by smoothing processing, thus attaining a smaller friction between the vane major side surfaces and the vane slot walls and suppressing local wear of the vane slot walls.
Abstract: A scroll type fluid transferring machine comprises a stationary scroll having a wrap member, a movable scroll having a wrap member combined with the stationary scroll, a driving means for causing the movement of revolution of the movable scroll along a circular orbit so as to make the movable scroll line-contact with the stationary scroll whereby a closed space is produced between the stationary and movable scrolls, and an Oldham ring for maintaining the stationary and movable scrolls at predetermined positions while the movement of rotation of the both scrolls are prevented, wherein the Oldham ring is formed by injection-molding at least one thermoplastic resinous material selected from the group consisting of polyphenylene sulfide, polyetheretherketone, polyetherketone, wholly aromatic polyester, polysulfone, polyarylsulfone, polyethersulfone, polyetherimide, polyoxybenzyliden polyketonsulfide, polythioethersulfone and polyarylate.
Abstract: A scroll member comprising a metallic end plate having a spiroidal groove on one side thereof, and a through-hole communicating with the groove, and a resin wrap joined to the groove of the end plate so as to protrude from the surface of the end plate. The wrap being formed by injection molding, and the through-hole and the groove being filled with part of the wrap.
Abstract: A reversible, self-priming rotary pump has a housing with a stator of elastomeric material which is softer than the elastomeric material of the rotor on a cam on shaft. The inlet and exhaust ports are separated by a lobe received in a recess in the stator. As the shaft is rotated, the rotor orbits within the stator to pump the fluid between the inlet and exhaust ports, the stator being at least partially compressed along the line of contact with the rotor to form an efficient seal therebetween.
Abstract: A compressor has stationary and orbiting scroll members formed thereon with spiral wraps engaged with each other to define compression chambers which, when the orbiting scroll member is moved relative to the stationary scroll member, are radially inwardly moved while decreasing their volumes. Each scroll member is composed of a metallic base scroll member having a spiral wrap formed on one side and a coating layer of a resin compound formed on the said side of the scroll member, including the surfaces of the wrap. The coating layer is molded by placing the base scroll member in a mold cavity with a space left between the said side of the base scroll member and a mold part and by injecting the resin compound into the space.
Abstract: The machine comprises two plate-like supports (9, 12) each provided with a crown of displacement blades (10), respectively displacement chambers (11), engaged into each other, and displaceable into a relative circular translation motion. The drive is implemented by a gear (7-9) at the center of the supports (9, 12), which exerts a force (F.sub.N) on one of the supports (9) at a radially displaceable position, said force presenting a radial component (F.sub.R) and a tangential component (F.sub.T). The direction of the force and the arrangement of the chambers (11) are so selected as to provide for a predetermined static position of the blades (10) in the chambers (11) independently of the wear. Optimum operation conditions are thus obtained with simple design and fabrication. For producing said pump, the plate-like supports are lapped pair-wise when they are in the state of blanks in conditions similar to the operation conditions and are then mounted in the machine.
Abstract: In a scroll type compressor, the shaft of a driven scroll is rotatably supported in a sealing container so that the axis of rotation of the driven scroll shaft is deviated from the axis of rotation of a driving scroll; the wrap plates of the driving and driven scrolls are mutually combined with each other so that the parts of the side surface of the wrap plates come in contact with each other to form a compression chamber; and the driven scroll is directly driven by the driving scroll in synchronism therewith, whereby the function of compression of a fluid is obtainable during the movement of the compression chamber toward the centers of the driving and driven scrolls.
Abstract: A spiral compressor has a two-part housing, a displacement element positioned between two parts of the housing and having a spiral wall extending into a spiral chamber, formed in one of the housing parts, so that two working chambers are defined in the spiral chamber. The displacement element has an eccentric which is mounted to the end of a drive shaft. The displacement element is provided with a device for securing it against rotation. The securing device includes at least three guides positioned on the displacement element and circumferentially spaced from each other. Each guide has a ball bearing engaged in a plastic sleeve located in a pocket bore of the displacement element and supported on a bolt screwed to the second one of the housing parts. Thereby the displacement element is slightly pre-stressed in each position of the eccentric and thus secured against rotation.
Abstract: A rotary machine has a plurality of rotors rolling over one another and defining therebetween and end covers at least one working chamber, and at least one sealing plate at at least one side of the rotors and arranged so that an opposite side of the sealing plate communicates with the working cavity and the working medium flowing to the opposite side of the sealing plate presses the latter against one end face of the rotors. Insert members of bearing have conical surfaces receiving the shaft and can turn about their axes to compensate for wear.
Abstract: A rotary pump apparatus with plural abutting pumping segments has a wafer-like housing with an inner elliptical pumping chamber with intake and discharge ports for a fluid flow. A plurality of identical fluid moving cylindrical segments are movably disposed within the pumping chamber in such a manner that each of the segments abuts at least two other segments within the chamber.The segments rotate in a circular rotary fashion urging the fluid flow between the intake and discharge ports.The apparatus is also provided with a rotor plate rotatably mounted on the housing and a central driven shaft fixedly attached to one surface of the rotor plate. The rotor plate has a series of drive pegs disposed on the surface opposite to that where the shaft is attached.
Abstract: In a displacement machine operating according to the spiral principle and having two displacement elements presenting respective axially interengaging sprial-shaped walls, and drive means connected between the elements to produce a relative translatory circular movement therebetween, an elastic suspension is provided to support at least one of the displacement elements for permitting elastic movement between the elements in a plane perpendicular to the axis of translatory circular movement.In such a displacement machine, whether or not the elastic suspension is provided, the walls of the displacement elements are preferably made, at least at the surfaces contacting one another, of respectively different materials presenting a low mutual coefficient of friction.
July 16, 1979
Date of Patent:
November 17, 1981
Berthold Fischer, Hans-Peter Kabelitz, Hansen Pfaff, Andreas Schmitz
Abstract: A rotary engine having a high surface to volume ratio including a housing having intake and exhaust ports and defining a chamber, a shaft journalled in the housing to extend therethrough and having an eccentric within the chamber, and a rotor on the eccentric within the chamber, the rotor having a body consisting essentially of a material having a low coefficient of thermal conductivity.
Abstract: A rotary trochoidal compressor comprising a rotor mounted for planetary motion within a housing and in which the peripheral surface of the compressor rotor is substantially a hypotrochoid and the peripheral inner surface of the housing is the outer envelope of the rotor and in which a compressible layer is provided on the inner surface of the rotor housing for sealing against the rotor peripheral surface.
Abstract: Cooling means are provided for the stationary and orbiting scroll members of scroll-type apparatus. These cooling means comprise fluid coolant channels in the end plates and in the involute wraps of the scroll members and means to circulate a fluid coolant therethrough. In the case of the stationary scroll member the coolant may be water, oil or the like; while in the case of the orbiting scroll member the coolant is the lubricating oil used to lubricate a thrust bearing and the coupling means. The resulting effective cooling of the scroll members makes it possible to form scroll apparatus in large sizes.