Controlled Cooling After Sintering Patents (Class 419/25)
  • Patent number: 10153098
    Abstract: It is a method for producing an electrode material containing Cu, Cr and a heat-resistant element. A heat-resistant element powder and a Cr powder are mixed together such that the heat-resistant element is less than the Cr by weight. A resulting mixed powder is baked. A resulting sintered body containing a solid solution of the heat-resistant element and the Cr is pulverized, and a resulting solid solution powder is classified, to have a particle size of 200 ?m or less. 10-60 parts by weight of the classified solid solution powder and 90-40 parts by weight of a Cu powder are mixed together, followed by sintering to obtain the electrode material. If a low melting metal powder having a median size of 5-40 ?m is mixed with a mixed powder of the solid solution powder and the Cu powder, the deposition resistance property is further improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: MEIDENSHA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shota Hayashi, Keita Ishikawa, Takaaki Furuhata, Kenta Yamamura, Kosuke Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 9156113
    Abstract: Processes for fabricating components to have two or more regions with different grain structures, and components produced by such processes. The processes entail performing at least one forging step on a preform to produce a profile having at least a first portion corresponding to the first region of the component. The preform is formed of a precipitation-strengthened alloy having a solvus temperature, and the at least one forging step comprises a nonfinal forging step performed at a first strain rate and at a first subsolvus temperature that is below the solvus temperature of the alloy. A subsequent forging step is performed on the profile to produce a final profile comprising the first portion and a second portion corresponding to the second region of the component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Andrew Ezekiel Wessman, David Paul Mourer, Daniel Yeuching Wei
  • Patent number: 9095905
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of manufacturing a control finger using metal powder injection molding. In particular, a metal power and a binder are mixed to obtain a base material for injection molding. Then a molded body is formed by injecting the base material into a mold in a shape of the control finger, using a nozzle. The molded body is then degreased and sintered to form a sintered body from the degreased body. Post-processing is then performed on the sintered body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Ki Jung Kim, Jong Moon Kim, Sung Yong Cho, Jong Yop Kim, Ki Bum Kim, Hang Cheol Cho, Hyun Duk Chang, Seong Jun Jeon
  • Patent number: 9085028
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for manufacturing a plurality of valve train parts using metal powder injection molding, comprising: obtaining a raw material for injection molding by mixing a metal powder and a binder; forming a formed body by injecting the obtained raw material for injection molding into a mold of a valve train part shape; solvent extracting the formed body; forming a sintered body by debinding and sintering the solvent extracted formed body; sizing processing the sintered body; vacuum carburizing the sizing processed sintered body; and polishing the vacuum carburized sintered body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2015
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Sung-Chul Cha
  • Patent number: 8999229
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a sintered composition comprising iron; about 0.05 to about 1 wt % molybdenum; about 3 to about 4.5 wt % silicon; about 0.05 to about 0.5 wt % chromium; about 0.011 to about 0.015 wt % magnesium; all weight percents being based on the total weight of the composition; the composition being devoid of carbon except for trace amounts; and wherein the composition is sintered. Disclosed herein too is a method comprising blending a powdered composition that comprises iron; about 0.05 to about 1 wt % molybdenum; about 3 to about 4.5 wt % silicon; about 0.05 to about 0.5 wt % chromium; about 0.011 to about 0.015 wt % magnesium; all weight percents being based on the total weight of the composition; the composition being devoid of carbon except for trace amounts; compacting and sintering the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Alpha Sintered Metals, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas J. Cornelio, Leonid I. Frayman, Thomas E. Haberberger
  • Publication number: 20150093280
    Abstract: A material which can be used to manufacture components which exhibit high strength and high wear resistance, at the same time possessing reasonable ductility. The material also has cost advantages compared to other potential metal powder solutions. An iron based powder composition which achieves desired microstructure/properties and associated sliding wear resistance with reduced content of expensive alloying ingredients such as admixed elemental Ni and Copper.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 3, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Christophe Szabo, Senad Dizdar, Ola Bergman
  • Patent number: 8889063
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of making cutting tools comprising a substrate having a hard phase and a binder phase, the method comprising forming green powder compacts using powder metallurgical techniques, charging the green powder compacts, placed on one or several trays, in a furnace and sintering the green powder compacts wherein the furnace comprises an insulation package, at least three individually controlled heating elements located inside the insulation package including a vertical heating element, an upper horizontal heating element arranged in an upper part of the furnace, and a lower horizontal heating element arranged in a lower part of the furnace, wherein operating the at least three heating elements such that an average controlled cooling rate from a sintering temperature down to at least a solidification temperature of the binder phase is 0.1-4.0° C./min, and a sintering furnace operable to obtain a controlled cooling rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
    Inventors: Anders Karlsson, Gunilla Anderson, Peter Björkhagen, Per Gustafson, Marco Zwinkels
  • Patent number: 8876935
    Abstract: A sintered material for valve guides consists of, by mass %, 1.3 to 3% of C, 1 to 4% of Cu, 0.01 to 0.08% of P, 0.05 to 0.5% of Sn, and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities. The sintered material exhibits a metallic structure made of pores and a matrix. The matrix is a mixed structure of a pearlite phase, a ferrite phase, an iron-phosphorus-carbon compound phase, and at least one of a copper-tin alloy phase and a combination of a copper phase and a copper-tin alloy phase. A part of the pores includes graphite that is dispersed therein. The iron-phosphorus-carbon compound phase is dispersed at 3 to 25% by area ratio, and the copper-tin alloy phase and the combination of the copper phase and the copper-tin alloy phase are dispersed at 0.5 to 3.5% by area ratio, with respect to a cross section of the metallic structure, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Powdered Metals Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroki Fujitsuka, Hideaki Kawata
  • Patent number: 8864918
    Abstract: A method for producing a component of a titanium-aluminum base alloy comprising hot isostatically pressing the alloy to form a blank, subjecting the blank to a hot forming by a rapid solid-blank deformation, followed by a cooling of the component to form a deformation microstructure with high recrystallization energy potential, thereafter subjecting the component to a heat treatment in the range of the eutectoid temperature (Teu) of the alloy, followed by cooling in air, to form a homogeneous, fine globular microstructure composed of phases GAMMA, BETA0, ALPHA2 and having an ordered atomic structure at room temperature. This abstract is neither intended to define the invention disclosed in this specification nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignees: Boehler Schmiedetechnik GmbH & Co. KG, MTU Aero Engines GmbH
    Inventors: Helmut Clemens, Wilfried Wallgram, Martin Schloffer
  • Publication number: 20140271322
    Abstract: In accordance with an exemplary embodiment, a method of forming a dispersion-strengthened aluminum alloy metal includes the steps of providing a dispersion-strengthened aluminum alloy composition in a powdered form, directing a low energy density laser beam at a portion of the powdered alloy composition, and withdrawing the laser beam from the portion of the powdered alloy composition. Subsequent to withdrawal of the laser beam, the portion of the powdered alloy composition cools at a rate greater than or equal to about 106° C. per second, thereby forming the dispersion-strengthened aluminum alloy metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Donald G. Godfrey, Richard Bye, Mark C. Morris, Harry Kington
  • Publication number: 20140271323
    Abstract: A method of making a magnetic material for a permanent magnet using hot-pressing or die-upset methods, or both, by combining two powders and optimizing grain boundary diffusion of Dy or Tb. The method can include making magnetic material for a permanent magnet using hot pressing using a core powder containing Nd, Fe and B and a surface powder containing Dy or Tb in metallic alloy form, combining the materials, forming a solid material in a shaped mold under a magnetic field in vacuum, heating the solid material, hot pressing it to form a magnetic material in a die, heat treating it if necessary, and then cooling it.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventor: Yucong Wang
  • Publication number: 20140184370
    Abstract: A sintered rare earth magnet rotating machine and method improve temperature properties and strength having an excellent corrosion resistance. The sintered rare earth magnet includes at least a main phase composed of R2T14B (R represents at least one rare earth element of Nd, Pr or both and T represents at least one transition metal element including Fe or Fe and Co) compound and a grain boundary phase containing a higher proportion of R than the main phase, wherein the main phase includes a heavy rare earth element (one of Dy, Tb or both), at least part of main phase grains of the main phase included in the sintered rare earth magnet includes at least the following regions, low, high and intermediate concentration regions. These regions exist in order of low, high, and intermediate concentration regions, from low concentration region towards the grain boundary phase in the main phase grains.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: TDK CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tetsuya Hidaka, Kazuo Sato, Kazuya Sakamoto, Shinya Fujito, Motoaki Hosako, Motohisa Murata, Koji Mitake
  • Publication number: 20140010701
    Abstract: Alloys based on titanium aluminides, such as ? (TiAl) which may be made through the use of casting or powder metallurgical processes and heat treatments. The alloys contain titanium, 38 to 46 atom % aluminum, and 5 to 10 atom % niobium, and they contain composite lamella structures with B19 phase and ? phase there in a volume ratio of the B19 phase to ? phase 0.05:1 and 20:1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Applicant: GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH
    Inventors: Fritz Appel, Jonathan Paul, Michael Oehring
  • Patent number: 8617288
    Abstract: A sintered material for valve guides consists of, by mass %, 0.01 to 0.3% of P, 1.3 to 3% of C, 1 to 4% of Cu, and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities. The sintered material exhibits a metallic structure made of pores and a matrix. The matrix is a mixed structure of a pearlite phase, a ferrite phase, an iron-phosphorus-carbon compound phase, and a copper phase, and a part of the pores including graphite that is dispersed therein. The iron-phosphorus-carbon compound phase is dispersed at 3 to 25% by area ratio, and the copper phase is dispersed at 0.5 to 3.5% by area ratio, with respect to a cross section of the metallic structure, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Powdered Metals Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroki Fujitsuka, Hideaki Kawata
  • Patent number: 8535605
    Abstract: The invention describes a method of producing a sinter-hardened component from a metallic powder containing chromium which is pre-alloyed in particular, comprising the steps of compacting the powder to form a green compact and then sintering the green compact in a reducing sintering atmosphere at a sintering temperature in excess of 1100° C. A gas containing carbon is added to the sintering atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: MIBA Sinter Austria GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Orth, Gerold Stetina
  • Patent number: 8524017
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing a component with a base of Co—Cr—Mo alloys having values of average ultimate elongation at 800° C. greater than 10% and of average yielding load at 800° C. greater than 400 MPa, comprising: obtaining a sintered component by additive sintering of powders of Co—Cr—Mo alloys containing carbides irregularly dispersed in the molten matrix; Conducting a first heat treatment on the sintered component for solubilization of the carbides at a temperature of between 1100° C. and 1300° C. for at least 2 hours to form a solubilization intermediate; and cooling the solubilization intermediate at a cooling rate at least equal to that of cooling in air to form a cooled intermediate; and conducting a second heat treatment on the cooled intermediate at a temperature of between 700° C. and 1000° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: AVIO S.p.A.
    Inventor: Giovanni Paolo Zanon
  • Patent number: 8524147
    Abstract: A process for producing powder green compacts includes centrifugally compacting a slip containing a material powder, a binder resin and a dispersion medium in a mold, into a compact containing the material powder and the binder resin. A process for producing sintered compacts includes sintering the green compact. A powder green compact contains a material powder and a binder resin, the binder resin being present between particles of the material powder and binding the material particles. A sintered compact is obtained by sintering the green compact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignees: Hiroshima University, Alloy Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Suzuki, Yoshinobu Shimoitani
  • Publication number: 20130039796
    Abstract: A master alloy used to produce the steel part and a process for producing a sinter hardened steel part from the master alloy are described. The powdered master alloy having a composition of iron, about 1 to less than 5 weight % C, about 3 to less than 15 weight % Mn, and about 3 to less than 15 weight % Cr, wherein the master alloy comprises a microstructure composed of a solid solution of the alloying elements and carbon, the microstructure comprising at least 10 volume % austenite and the remainder as iron compounds. The process comprises: preparing the master alloy, mixing the master alloy with a steel powder to produce a mixture wherein the weight % of the master alloy is from 5 to 35 weight % of the mixture, compacting the mixture into a shape of a part and sintering the mixture to produce the steel part, and controlling the cooling rate after sintering to produce sinter hardening. The master alloy powder can also be used as a sinter hardening enhancer when mixed with low-alloy steel powders.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventors: Gilles L'Esperance, Ian Bailon-Poujol, Denis Christopherson, JR.
  • Patent number: 8361381
    Abstract: A process for making a diffusion hardened medical implant having a porous surface is disclosed. The medical implant is made by a hot isostatic pressing process which simultaneously forms that porous surface and the diffusion hardened surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Smith & Nephew, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel A. Heuer, Vivek Pawar, Marcus Lee Scott, Shilesh C. Jani
  • Publication number: 20130009503
    Abstract: The present invention provides a sintered magnet having superior residual magnetic flux density and coercive force. The sintered magnet of the present invention comprises a group of R-T-B based rare earth magnet crystal particles 2 having a core 4 and a shell 6 covering the core 4, the mass ratio of a heavy rare earth element in the shell 6 is higher than the mass ratio of a heavy rare earth element in the core 4, and the thickest part of the shell 6 in the crystal particles 2 faces a grain boundary triple junction 1. A lattice defect 3 is formed between the core 4 and the shell 6.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Publication date: January 10, 2013
    Applicant: TDK Corporation
    Inventors: Makoto Iwasaki, Ryota Kunieda, Fumitaka Baba, Satoshi Tanaka, Yoshinori Fujikawa
  • Patent number: 8333922
    Abstract: A method of producing three-dimensional bodies which wholly or for selected parts consists of a composite of crystalline or nanocrystalline metal particles in a matrix of amorphous metal. A metal powder layer (4) is applied onto a heat-conducting base (1, 13) and limited areas of the layer is melted successively by means of a radiation gun and cooled so that they can be made to solidify into amorphous metal. In connection with the melting of one or several of the limited areas, the radiation gun is regulated so that the melted area is cooled in accordance with a stipulated time-temperature curve in order to form a composite of crystalline or nanocrystalline metal particles in a matrix of amorphous metal. The method is repeated until a continuous layer, which contains composite metal to a desired extent, is formed. A new powder layer (4) is applied and the method is repeated, the new layer being fused to the underlying layer for successive construction of the three-dimensional body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Exmet AB
    Inventors: Peter Skoglund, Abraham Langlet
  • Patent number: 8298469
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing sintered magnet poles is described. The mold is filled with a vitrifiable base material powder and closed with a plate. A magnetic field aligns the powder and a plate pressed onto the powder establishes a compact that holds the alignment in place. The compact is sintered to form a sintered magnet pole. The mold forms a protective cover of the sintered magnet pole and the plate forms a base plate of a magnet pole piece. Furthermore, a magnet pole piece is provided which has a magnet pole and a base plate which is fixed to a protective cover so that the base plate and the protective cover surround the magnet pole. The base plate and/or the protective cover of the magnet pole piece has at least one element that provides a geometrical locking of the magnet pole to the base plate and/or the protective cover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Erik Groendahl, Henrik Stiesdal
  • Publication number: 20120251375
    Abstract: A method of producing a Pb-free copper-alloy sliding material containing 1.0 to 15.0% of Sn, 0.5 to 15.0% of Bi and 0.05 to 5.0% of Ag, and Ag and Bi from an Ag—Bi eutectic. If necessary, at least one of 0.1 to 5.0% of Ni, 0.02 to 0.2% P, 0.5 to 30.0% of Zn, and 1.0 to 10.0 mass % of at least one of a group consisting of Fe3P, Fe2P, FeB, NiB and AlN may be added.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Inventors: Hiromi YOKOTA, Ryo Mukai, Shinichi Kato, Nahomi Hamaguchi
  • Publication number: 20120201712
    Abstract: A water atomized stainless steel powder which comprises by weight-%: 10.5-30.0 Cr 0.5-9.0 Ni 0.01-2.0 Mn 0.01-3.0 Sn 0.1-3.0 Si 0.01-0.4 N optionally max 7.0 Mo optionally max 7.0 Cu optionally max 3.0 Nb optionally max 6.0 V balance iron and max 0.5 of unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2010
    Publication date: August 9, 2012
    Applicant: HOGANAS AKTIEBOLAG (PUBL)
    Inventor: Denis Oshchepkov
  • Patent number: 8231827
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing powder metal plates comprising feeding a predetermined mass of metal powder onto a moving tape (101), restricting the metal powder by surrounding the metal powder with vibrating boundary walls (201, 202) extending parallel to the direction of movement of the tape, rolling the metal powder at an ambient temperature to form a green compact strip (GS), continuously sintering the green compact strip in a furnace (400), forming the green compact strip to a net shape part (NS) while in the furnace, and cooling the net shape part in a non-oxidizing environment (404) at a temperature in excess of 1000 degrees Celsius.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: The Gates Corporation
    Inventors: Yahya Hodjat, Roger Lawcock, Rohith Shivanath
  • Patent number: 8206646
    Abstract: Methods for manufacturing sputtering target assemblies and assemblies thereof are provided, particularly targets made of powders. Powders are adhered to a backing plate by use of a vacuum hot press, the powder preferably contacted by non-planar surfaces, and is compressed with at least about 95% density and substantially simultaneously diffusion-bonded to the backing plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Praxair Tecnology, Inc.
    Inventors: Chi-Fung Lo, Darryl Draper
  • Publication number: 20120128522
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a sintered composition comprising iron; about 0.05 to about 1 wt % molybdenum; about 3 to about 4.5 wt % silicon; about 0.05 to about 0.5 wt % chromium; about 0.011 to about 0.015 wt % magnesium; all weight percents being based on the total weight of the composition; the composition being devoid of carbon except for trace amounts; and wherein the composition is sintered. Disclosed herein too is a method comprising blending a powdered composition that comprises iron; about 0.05 to about 1 wt % molybdenum; about 3 to about 4.5 wt % silicon; about 0.05 to about 0.5 wt % chromium; about 0.011 to about 0.015 wt % magnesium; all weight percents being based on the total weight of the composition; the composition being devoid of carbon except for trace amounts; compacting and sintering the composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Applicant: ALPHA SINTERED METALS, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas J. Cornelio, Leonid I. Frayman, Thomas E. Haberberger
  • Publication number: 20120114516
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a shaped body, comprising creating a mixture of a metal powder and binding agent, compacting the mixture to form a green compact, heating the green compact to a debinding start temperature T1, debinding the green compact by controlled heating of the green compact from start temperature T1 to end temperature T2 at a heat-up rate R1, presintering the debindered green compact to the presinter end temperature TVS at a heat-up rate RHVS, cooling the green compact from the presinter end temperature TVS at a cool-down rate RKVS, whereby at least the heat-up rate RHVS, the presinter end temperature TVS, and the cool-down rate RKVS are tuned relative to each other in such a way that the presintered green compact forming a blank has a surface porosity of 16% to 22% after presintering, and machining and sintering of the blank to form the shaped body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2011
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: DEGUDENT GMBH
    Inventors: Jörg HACHENBERG, Rudi STEINKE, Markus VOLLMANN, Irmgard WISSEL, Gerhard ZELLMANN, Elmar HOCK, Stefan FECHER, Lothar VOLKL
  • Publication number: 20110277891
    Abstract: A method for producing a component of a titanium-aluminum base alloy comprising hot isostatically pressing the alloy to form a blank, subjecting the blank to a hot forming by a rapid solid-blank deformation, followed by a cooling of the component to form a deformation microstructure with high recrystallization energy potential, thereafter subjecting the component to a heat treatment in the range of the eutectoid temperature (Teu) of the alloy, followed by cooling in air, to form a homogeneous, fine globular microstructure composed of phases GAMMA, BETA0, ALPHA2 and having an ordered atomic structure at room temperature. This abstract is neither intended to define the invention disclosed in this specification nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Applicant: BOEHLER SCHMIEDETECHNIK GMBH & CO KG
    Inventors: Helmut CLEMENS, Wilfried WALLGRAM, Martin SCHLOFFER
  • Patent number: 8052923
    Abstract: A method of producing three-dimensional bodies which wholly or for selected parts consist of amorphous metal. A metal powder layer (4) is applied to a heat-conducting base (1, 13), and a limited area of the layer is melted by a radiation gun (5) and the area is cooled so that the melted area solidifies into amorphous metal. The melting process is successively repeated on new limited areas of the powder layer until a continuous layer of amorphous metal is formed. A new powder layer is applied and the method is repeated, the new layer being fused to underlying amorphous metal for successive construction of the three-dimensional body. The heat-conducting base can be a worktable or a body of amorphous metal or crystalline metal to which amorphous metal is added.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Inventor: Abraham Langlet
  • Publication number: 20110008639
    Abstract: The invention describes a method of producing a sinter-hardened component from a metallic powder containing chromium which is pre-alloyed in particular, comprising the steps of compacting the powder to form a green compact and then sintering the green compact in a reducing sintering atmosphere at a sintering temperature in excess of 1100° C. A gas containing carbon is added to the sintering atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2008
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Applicant: Miba Sinter Austria GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Orth, Gerold Stetina
  • Publication number: 20110001594
    Abstract: A magnetic article comprises, in total, elements in amounts capable of providing at least one (La1-aMa) (Fe1-b-cTbYc)13-dXe phase and less than 0.5 Vol % impurities, wherein 0?a?0.9, 0?b?0.2, 0.05?c?0.2, ?1?d?+1, 0?e?3, M is one or more of the elements Ce, Pr and Nd, T is one or more of the elements Co, Ni, Mn and Cr, Y is one or more of the elements Si, Al, As, Ga, Ge, Sn and Sb and X is one or more of the elements H, B, C, N, Li and Be. The magnetic article comprises a permanent magnet.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2009
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: Vacuumschmelze GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Matthias Katter, Joachim Gerster, Ottmar Roth
  • Publication number: 20110002805
    Abstract: A method of forming an iron based sintered body which comprises in % by mass: 0.4 to 1.0% of C; 0.5 to 3.5% of Cr; 0.1 to 1.7% of Mo; 0.3 to 3.0% of Cu and microstructure of about 20-50% dispersed martensite in a matrix of fine pearlite is provided. The method utilizes a step of cooling a sintered article at a rate not exceeding 0.5˜C/sec. Ni and/or Mn may also be included in the method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2010
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION
    Inventors: RICHARD SCOTT, Stephanie Renaud, John Fulmer
  • Patent number: 7815847
    Abstract: A process for mass production of three-dimensional articles made of intermetallic compounds based on titanium and aluminium by an electron beam melting technology. The articles are produced in successive sections from powders of the intermetallic compound with which the articles are to be produced. For each section, melting of the powders preceded by a preheating step is performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignees: Avio Investments S.p.A., Avioprop S.r.l.
    Inventors: Paolo Gennaro, Giovanni Paolo Zanon, Giuseppe Pasquero
  • Patent number: 7749298
    Abstract: To provide an iron-based sintered alloy excellent in shape accuracy and wear resistance, and reduced hostility to mating materials, and having sufficient hardness after tempering, as well as a manufacturing method thereof. Iron-based alloy powder of a composition comprising Cr: from 1 to 3.5 mass %, Mo: from 0.2 to 0.9 mass %, V: from 0.1 to 0.5 mass % and the balance of Fe and impurities, and carbon powder are mixed at a ratio of the carbon powder based on the entire portion within a range from 0.8 to 1.1 mass %, the mixture is compacted, the compacted body is sintered and quenching is applied to the sintered body heated again after once lowering temperature of the sintered body. This can provide an iron-based sintered alloy where fine M7C3 carbides are dispersed in martensitic texture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hiroshi Okajima, Satoshi Uenosono
  • Patent number: 7687024
    Abstract: A method of cooling a load provided in a load compartment in a furnace chamber of a furnace of a hot isostatic pressing device includes releasing hot pressure medium from the load compartment. Cool pressure medium is provided for enabling it to fall through the released hot pressure medium outside the load compartment. The thus obtained mixed pressure medium is led into the load compartment. A hot isostatic pressing device includes a load compartment having an aperture near an upper portion thereof configured to vent warm pressure medium into a region surrounding the compartment, and a conduit configured to introduce cool pressure medium into the region surrounding the compartment for mixing with the warm medium. The compartment also includes an aperture near a lower portion thereof configured to receive a mix of warm and cool pressure medium from the region surrounding the compartment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Avure Technologies AB
    Inventor: Carl Bergman
  • Publication number: 20100074790
    Abstract: An iron-based sintered alloy of the present invention is an iron-based sintered alloy, which is completed by sintering a powder compact made by press forming a raw material powder composed of Fe mainly, and is such that: when the entirety is taken as 100% by mass, carbon is 0.1-1.0% by mass; Mn is 0.01-1.5% by mass; the sum of the Mn and Si is 0.02-3.5% by mass; and the major balance is Fe. It was found out that, by means of an adequate amount of Mn and Si, iron-based sintered alloys are strengthened and additionally a good dimensional stability is demonstrated. As a result, it is possible to suppress or obsolete the employment of Cu or Ni, which has been believed to be essential virtually, the recyclability of iron-based sintered alloys can be enhanced, and further their cost reduction can be intended.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Publication date: March 25, 2010
    Applicants: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA CHUO KENKYUSHO, TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Mikio KONDOH, Nobuhiko Matsumoto, Toshitake Miyake, Shigehide Takemoto, Hitoshi Tanino
  • Publication number: 20100061876
    Abstract: Refractory metal powders are dehydrided in a device which includes a preheat chamber for retaining the metal powder fully heated in a hot zone to allow diffusion of hydrogen out of the powder. The powder is cooled in a cooling chamber for a residence time sufficiently short to prevent re-absorbtion of the hydrogen by the powder. The powder is consolidated by impact on a substrate at the exit of the cooling chamber to build a deposit in solid dense form on the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2008
    Publication date: March 11, 2010
    Applicant: H.C. Starck Inc.
    Inventors: Steven A. Miller, Mark Gaydos, Leonid N. Shekhter, Gokce Gulsoy
  • Publication number: 20090263266
    Abstract: An improved amorphous aluminum alloy having high strength, ductility, corrosion resistance and fracture toughness is disclosed. The alloy has an amorphous phase and a coherent L12 phase. The alloy has nickel, cerium, at least one of scandium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, and lutetium; and at least one of gadolinium, yttrium, zirconium, titanium, hafnium, niobium and iron. The volume fraction of the amorphous phase ranges from about 50 percent to about 95 percent and the volume fraction of the coherent L12 phase ranges from about 5 percent to about 50 percent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Publication date: October 22, 2009
    Applicant: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Awadh B. Pandey
  • Patent number: 7597840
    Abstract: The formation of amorphous porous bodies and in particular to a method of manufacturing such bodies from amorphous particulate materials. The method allows for the control of the volume fraction as well as the spatial and size distribution of gas-formed pores by control of the size distribution of the powder particulates. The method allows for the production of precursors of unlimited size, and because the softened state of the amorphous metals used in the method possesses visco-plastic properties, higher plastic deformations can be attained during consolidation as well as during expansion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2009
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Marios Demetriou, William L. Johnson, Christopher Thomas Veazey, Jan Schroers
  • Patent number: 7473296
    Abstract: A wear-resistant iron-based sintered contact material is provided which is sintered by powder sintering so as to have high density, high seizure resistance and wear resistance. A wear-resistant iron-based sintered composite contact component composed of the wear-resistant iron-based sintered contact material sinter-bonded to a backing metal and its producing method are also provided. To this end, at least Cr7C3-type carbide and/or M6C-type carbide which have an average particle diameter of 5 ?m or more are precipitately dispersed in an amount of 20 to 50% by volume within an iron-based martensite parent phase which has a hardness of HRC 50 or more even when tempered at up to 600° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2009
    Assignee: Komatsu, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takemori Takayama, Kazuo Okamura, Yoshikiyo Tanaka, Tetsuo Ohnishi
  • Patent number: 7455711
    Abstract: The subject invention reveals a process for making hardened powder metal parts which comprises compacting a powder metal composition into a green preformed metal part and subsequently sintering said green metal part to produce the powder metal part at an elevated temperature and subsequently cooling the sintered part at a rate which is sufficient to insure the formation of a substantial amount of martensite, wherein the powder metal composition is comprised of copper powder, a nickel powder and a base iron powder wherein said composition contains from about 1 weight percent to about 5 weight percent of the total sum of said copper powder and said nickel powder and wherein the ratio of the nickel powder to the copper powder is within the range of 1:1 to 9:1, and wherein the balance of said composition constitutes iron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2008
    Assignee: Keystone Investment Corporation
    Inventors: John C. Kosco, David A. Alven
  • Publication number: 20080233421
    Abstract: There is provided an iron-based sintered material resistant to the metal fatigue developing from the voids therein functioning as the initial points and improved in the strength and machinability thereof. An iron-based sintered material, including a mixed structure of martensite, bainite, and pearlite and multiple voids formed in the mixed structure, wherein the ratio of martensite and bainite in the mixed structure is 70% or more; the ratio of martensite and/or bainite in the mixed structure forming the void surface is 90% or more; and the density of the iron-based sintered material is 7.4 g/cm3 or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2008
    Publication date: September 25, 2008
    Inventors: Hitoshi TANINO, Kimihiko ANDO, Shinya OMURA, Toshitake MIYAKE, Mikio KONDOH, Nobuhiko MATSUMOTO
  • Publication number: 20080095654
    Abstract: Clutch components for automotive use usually include a pair of clutch members with operative faces. In particular, planar one way clutches include a pair of clutch members whose operative faces are enclosed spaced opposition, with each clutch face including a plurality of recessed defining respective load bearing shoulders. A plurality of struts are disposed between the coupling face of the members, and such struts are moveable between the coupling position and non coupling position. A preferable method of manufacturing such clutch components includes powder metal operations comprising die compacting a metal powder into a metal blank, sintering the metal blank to form a sintered metal blank, and cooling the sintered metal blank to form a cooled metal blank. The preferred metallic structure of the cooled metal blank is 50-80% martensite and 20-50% bainite and fine pearlite. The application is especially useful for clutches used as backing plates in clutch brake applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2006
    Publication date: April 24, 2008
    Inventors: John R. Engquist, Mark R. Haas
  • Patent number: 7286893
    Abstract: In a direct-metal deposition (DMD) process used to deposit successive layers in accordance with instructions from a CAD/CAM program, the laser beam, or an additional beam, is deployed as a localized heat treatment tool instead of a deposition tool. The use of laser energy during the process can minimize, if not eliminate, the periodic heat treatments now required for stress alleviation, thereby compressing the DMD fabrication cycle. In the preferred embodiment, every deposition run may be followed by a dry (i.e., without powder) run of one or more intensities to manipulate the stress magnitude and location. Since it is well known that residual stress is a function of cooling rate, a plurality of laser beams may alternatively be used to control the cooling rate of the deposited layer. Examples of stress reduction using H13 tool steel are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2007
    Inventor: Jyoti Mazumder
  • Patent number: 7228960
    Abstract: A conveyor for hot material comprising a conveying unit for conveying the hot material, a material delivery unit for delivering the hot material to the conveying unit, a housing for covering at least a portion of the length of the conveying unit, introduction devices disposed in the housing for furnishing water to the hot material on the conveying unit, wherein the introduction devices are disposed exclusively in a section of the housing that in the conveying direction is remote from the material delivery unit, and an exhaust unit connected to the material delivery unit for withdrawal of water vapor, generated by the furnishing of water, to produce a water vapor stream that is counter to the conveying direction of the hot material and is directed toward the material delivery unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2007
    Assignee: Aumund-Fördererbau GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Lutz Müller, Burkhard Poppeck
  • Patent number: 7108830
    Abstract: A method of production of large Ingots of neutron attenuating composites using a vacuum-bellows system allows for large cross-sectional shapes to be extruded and rolled. This method uses a vacuum-bellows technology which allows the manufacturing of large 8–16 inch diameter ingots (50–450 lbs. each). A variety of primary metal matrix materials can be used in this technology. High specific strength and stiffness can be achieved because the technology allows for final densities of 99% and higher. The vacuum-bellows technology allows metals and ceramics to blend and mesh together at compression pressures of 800 tons with elevated temperatures. The controlled compression movement allows for any oxide layer, on the metal, to be broken up and consolidated with the chosen ceramic particulate. One application is to blend boron-rich ceramics and high purity (99.5–99.99%) aluminum particulates together and produce a large ingot using this vacuum-bellows technology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: Talon Composites
    Inventor: Robin A. Carden
  • Patent number: 7037466
    Abstract: After recycled titanium alloy chips are crushed and cleaned, they are pressed into cylindrically briquettes with a relative density of 0.6, and placed into capsules. The capsules are heated and placed into a preheated pressing rig. The pressing rig repetitively applies axial force to the capsule, resulting in a relative density of at least 0.95. The product billets are used for consumable electrodes, secondary casting alloys, forgings, extruded semi-finished products and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Inventors: Vladimir Leonidovich Girshov, Arnold Nikolayevich Treschevskiy, Victor Georgievich Kochkin, Alexey Alexandrovich Abramov, Natalja Semenovna Sidenko
  • Patent number: 6821478
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for sintering aluminium-based sintered parts which are, initially, guided with the aid of a transport system T through a de-binding area (3) before being guided through followed by a sintering area (2) and finally being guided through a cooling area (4). Inert gas atmosphere prevails in the sintering area (2), provided with an oxygen content, corresponding to a thawing point of, maximum, 40° C. The sintered parts (23) are heated to the required sintering temperature of 560-620° C., by means of convection, whereby the inert gas atmosphere is accordingly heated, flowing around said sintered parts in a corresponding manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: Eisenmann Maschinenbau KG
    Inventor: Hartmut Weber
  • Patent number: 6679932
    Abstract: A ferrous sintered valve seat material is made of mixed powders comprising a sinter-hardenable phase and a finely dispersed carbide phase. The powder mixture comprises a sinter-hardening prealloyed powder forming 75 to 90 wt. % of the mixture and a tool steel powder with finely dispersed carbides forming 5 to 25% of the mixture. Machinability additives of MnS, CaF2 or MoS2 types are added in an amount of 1 to 5 wt. %. Improved thermal conductivity is obtained by infiltrating the compact with Cu up to 25 wt. %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2004
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul World Wide, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark Birler, Salvator Nigarura, Juan Trasorras