Copper Containing Patents (Class 420/45)
  • Patent number: 9777356
    Abstract: An austenitic Fe—Ni—Cr alloy comprises C: 0.005˜0.03 mass %, Si: 0.17˜1.0 mass %, Mn: not more than 2.0 mass %, P: not more than 0.030 mass %, S: not more than 0.0015 mass %, Cr: 18˜28 mass %, Ni: 21.5˜32 mass %, Mo: 0.10˜2.8 mass %, Co: 0.05˜2.0 mass %, Cu: less than 0.25 mass %, N: not more than 0.018 mass %, Al: 0.10˜1.0 mass %, Ti: 0.10˜1.0 mass %, Zr: 0.01˜0.5 mass %, and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities; wherein Cr, Mo, N and Cu satisfy PRE=Cr+3.3×Mo+16×N?20.0 and PREH=411-13.2×Cr-5.8×Mo+0.1×Mo2+1.2×Cu?145.0 and wherein Al, Ti, and Zr satisfy 0.5?Al+Ti+1.5×Zr?1.5, and has an excellent corrosion resistance in air or under a wet environment even at a surface state having an oxide film formed by an intermediate heat treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: NIPPON YAKIN KOGYO CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Yamakawa, Shigeru Hirata, Kun Wang
  • Patent number: 9470462
    Abstract: A component for a steel pickling apparatus is formed from an alloy that predominately comprises niobium and tantalum. The component may be a heat exchanger component, such as a tube or tubesheet liner, formed from the alloy that predominately comprises niobium and tantalum. Also, disclosed is a heat exchanger including the component, a system and method for pickling using the heat exchanger, and a method of manufacturing a steel product including the method of pickling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: Titan Metal Fabricators
    Inventors: Thomas F. Ukolowicz, Steven F. Muscarella
  • Publication number: 20150050180
    Abstract: The present invention relates to duplex ferritic austenitic stainless steel for the use chemical industry for nitric acid environments wherein good uniform corrosion resistance and high strength are required. The microstructure of the stainless steel has 35-65 volume % of ferrite, preferably 45-55 volume % of ferrite, the balance being austenite. The chemical composition contains less than 0.03 weight % carbon, less than 1 weight % silicon, less than 3 weight % manganese, 26-29.5 weight % chromium, 5-8.5 weight % nickel, 1-3 weight % molybdenum, 0.25-0.35 weight % nitrogen, 1-3 weight % copper, the rest being iron and inevitable impurities occurring in stainless steels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Alexander Thulin, Jan Y. Jonsson, Mats Liljas, Rachel Pettersson, Jan-Olof Andersson, Staffan Hertzman
  • Publication number: 20140134039
    Abstract: Austenitic stainless steel is disclosed herein. In the described embodiments, the austenitic stainless steel comprises 16.00 wt % of Chromium to 30.00 wt % of Chromium; 8.00 wt % of Nickel to 27.00 wt % of Nickel; no more than 7.00 wt % of Molybdenum; 0.40 wt % of Nitrogen to 0.70 wt % of Nitrogen, 1.0 wt % of Manganese to 4.00 wt % of Manganese, and less than 0.10 wt % of Carbon, wherein the ratio of the Manganese to the Nitrogen is controlled to less than or equal to 10.0. Austenitic stainless steel based on specified minimum PREN (Pitting Resistance Equivalent Number) values is also disclosed. (1) PRE=wt % Cr+3.3×wt % (Mo)+16 wt % N>=25 for N in range of 0.40-0.70. (2) PRE=wt % Cr+3.3×wt % (Mo+W)+16 wt % N>=27 for N in range of 0.40-0.70 with W present.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2012
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: UNITED PIPELINES ASIA PACIFIC PTE LIMITED
    Inventor: Cecil Vernon Roscoe
  • Publication number: 20140127073
    Abstract: There is provided a carburization resistant metal material suitable as a raw material for cracking furnaces, reforming furnaces, heating furnaces, heat exchangers, etc. in petroleum and gas refining, chemical plants, and the like. This metal material consists of, by mass %, C: 0.03 to 0.075%, Si: 0.6 to 2.0%, Mn: 0.05 to 2.5%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.015% or less, Cr: higher than 16.0% and less than 20.0%, Ni: 20.0% or higher and less than 30.0%, Cu: 0.5 to 10.0%, Al: 0.15% or less, Ti: 0.15% or less, N: 0.005 to 0.20%, and O (oxygen): 0.02% or less, the balance being Fe and impurities. The metal material may further contain one kind or more kinds of Co, Mo, W, Ta, B, V, Zr, Nb, Hf, Mg, Ca, Y, La, Ce and Nd.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshitaka Nishiyama, Hirokazo Okada, Takahiro Osuki, Etsuo Dan
  • Patent number: 8663549
    Abstract: To provide an inexpensive heat-resisting steel for engine valves by causing Fe-based heat-resisting steel to exhibit high temperature strength not inferior to that of Ni-based heat-resisting steel. A heat-resisting steel for engine valves excellent in high temperature strength containing, in % by mass, C: 0.20 to 0.50%, Si: 1.0% or less, Mn: 5.0% or less, P: 0.1 to 0.5%, Ni: 8.0 to 15.0%, Cr: 16.0 to 25.0%, Mo: 2.0% or less (including 0%), Cu: 0.5% or less, Nb: 1.0% or less (including 0%), W: 2.0% or less (including 0%), N: 0.02 to 0.30%, B: 0.01% or less, and remnants of Fe and impurities, wherein the heat-resisting steel for engine valves satisfies formulae below: 156.42P(%)+0.91Mo(%)+0.73W(%)?12.27Nb(%)+220.96N(%)+120.59?170??Formula (1) 13.70P(%)?6.97Mo(%)?4.32W(%)?3.29Nb(%)+119.10N(%)+27.75?25??Formula (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignees: Hitachi Metals, Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Ohishi, Akihiro Toji
  • Publication number: 20140017111
    Abstract: There is provided an austenitic stainless steel for high-pressure hydrogen gas consisting, by mass percent, of C: 0.10% or less, Si: 1.0% or less, Mn: 3% or more to less than 7%, Cr: 15 to 30%, Ni: 10% or more to less than 17%, Al: 0.10% or less, N: 0.10 to 0.50%, and at least one kind of V: 0.01 to 1.0% and Nb: 0.01 to 0.50%, the balance being Fe and impurities, wherein in the impurities, the P content is 0.050% or less and the S content is 0.050% or less, the tensile strength is 800 MPa or higher, the grain size number (ASTM E112) is No. 8 or higher, and alloy carbo-nitrides having a maximum diameter of 50 to 1000 nm are contained in the number of 0.4/?m2 or larger in cross section observation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Tomohiko Omura, Jun Nakamura, Hirokazu Okada, Hiroyuki Semba, Yusabu Tomio, Hiroyuki Hirata, Masaaki Igarashi, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Masaaki Terunuma
  • Publication number: 20130315776
    Abstract: A duplex stainless steel, which can suppress precipitation of a ? phase under high heat input welding, is excellent in SCC resistance under high-temperature chloride environments and has a high strength. The duplex stainless steel includes a chemical composition containing, in mass percent, C: at most 0.030%, Si: 0.20 to 1.00%, Mn: at most 8.00%, P: at most 0.040%, S: at most 0.0100%, Cu: more than 2.00% and at most 4.00%, Ni: 4.00 to 8.00%, Cr: 20.0 to 28.0%, Mo: 0.50 to 2.00%, N: 0.100 to 0.350%, and sol. Al: at most 0.040%, the balance being Fe and impurities, and satisfying Expression (1) and Expression (2); a structure having a ferrite rate of at least 50%; and a yield strength of at least 550 MPa or more: 2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2012
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kenta Yamada, Hiroyuki Nagayama, Masahiko Hamada, Daisuke Motoya, Hisashi Amaya
  • Patent number: 8486204
    Abstract: The hinge is made with a metal injection molding process from an alloy having at least: from 4 to 32 wt % Mn, from 16 to 37 wt % Cr, and from Fe that fills up the rest of the percentage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Shin Zu Shing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yu-Chi Lu, Yu-Chan Hsieh, Shun-Tian Lin
  • Patent number: 8431072
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy consisting essentially of, in terms of weight percent ranges 0.15-0.5C; 8-37Ni; 10-25Cr; 2.5-5Al; greater than 0.6, up to 2.5 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta; up to 3Mo; up to 3Co; up to 1W; up to 3Cu; up to 15Mn; up to 2Si; up to 0.15B; up to 0.05P; up to 1 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Y, La, Ce, Hf, and Zr; <0.3Ti+V; <0.03N; and, balance Fe, where the weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni, and wherein the alloy forms an external continuous scale comprising alumina, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure, the austenitic matrix being essentially delta-ferrite free and essentially BCC-phase-free. A method of making austenitic stainless steel alloys is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Govindarajan Muralidharan, Yukinori Yamamoto, Michael P. Brady
  • Publication number: 20120177529
    Abstract: A duplex stainless steel excellent in the weldability during large heat input welding and in the stress corrosion cracking resistance in a chloride environment containing corrosive associated gases has a chemical composition consisting, by mass %, of C: 0.03% or less, Si: 0.2 to 1%, Mn: 5.0% or less, P: 0.040% or less, S: 0.010% or less, sol. Al: 0.040% or less, Ni: 4 to 8%, Cr: 20 to 28%, Mo: 0.5 to 2.0%, Cu: more than 2.0% and 4.0% or less and N: 0.1 to 0.35%, and optionally contains one or more selected from among V, Ca, Mg, B and a rare earth metal(s), with the balance being Fe and impurities; wherein the duplex stainless steel satisfies the following formulas: 2.2Cr+7Mo+3Cu>66 ??(1) Cr+11Mo+10Ni<12(Cu+30N) ??(2), wherein the symbols represent mass % of the elements in the steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2012
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: SUMITOMO METAL INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Hisashi Amaya, Hideki Takabe, Kazuhiro Ogawa
  • Patent number: 8137613
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel welded joint, whose base metal and weld metal each comprises, by mass percent, C: not more than 0.3%, Si: not more than 2%, Mn: 0.01 to 3.0%, P: more than 0.04% to not more than 0.3%, S: not more than 0.03%, Cr: 12 to 30%, Ni: 6 to 55%, rare earth metal(s): more than 0.2% to not more than 0.6%, sol. Al: 0.001 to 3% and N: not more than 0.3%, with the balance being Fe and impurities, and satisfies the formula of (Cr+1.5×Si+2×P)/(Ni+0.31×Mn+22×C+14.2×N+5×P)<1.388, in spite of having a high P content and showing the fully austenitic solidification, has excellent resistance to the weld solidification cracking. Therefore, the said austenitic stainless steel welded joint can be widely used in such fields where a welding fabrication is required. Each element symbol in the above formula represents the content by mass percent of the element concerned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takahiro Osuki, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Hirokazu Okada, Masaaki Igarashi
  • Publication number: 20110286879
    Abstract: As a stainless steel for a metal part for clothing ornament capable of working into a complicated form part and having such nonmagnetic properties that the worked part can cope with the detection through needle detecting device is provided a high-Mn austenitic stainless steel having a chemical composition comprising C: 0.02-0.12 mass %, Si: 0.05-1.5 mass %, Mn: 10.0-22.0 mass %, S: not more than 0.03 mass %, Ni: 4.0-12.0 mass %, Cr: 14.0-25.0 mass % and N: 0.07-0.17 mass %, provided that these components are contained so that ? cal (mass %) represented by the following equation (1) is not more than 5.5 mass %: ? cal (mass %)=(Cr+0.48Si+1.21Mo+2.2(V+Ti)+0.15Nb)?(Ni+0.47Cu+0.11Mn?0.0101Mn2+26.4C+20.1N)?4.7??(1) and having a magnetic permeability of not more than 1.003 under a magnetic field of 200 kA/m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Applicant: NIPPON YAKIN KOGYO CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shigeru Hirata, Yuji Ikegami, Kazuhiro Yamakawa
  • Publication number: 20100272595
    Abstract: High strength metal alloys are described herein. At least one composition of a metal alloy includes chromium, nickel, copper, manganese, silicon, niobium, tungsten and iron. System, methods, and heaters that include the high strength metal alloys are described herein. At least one heater system may include a canister at least partially made from material containing at least one of the metal alloys. At least one system for heating a subterranean formation may include a tublar that is at least partially made from a material containing at least one of the metal alloys.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2010
    Publication date: October 28, 2010
    Inventors: Phillip James Maziasz, John Paul Shingledecker, Michael Leonard Santella, Joachim Hugo Schneibel, Vinod Kumar Sikka, Harold J. Vinegar, Randy Carl John, Dong Sub Kim
  • Patent number: 7785427
    Abstract: High strength metal alloys are described herein. At least one composition of a metal alloy includes chromium, nickel, copper, manganese, silicon, niobium, tungsten and iron. System, methods, and heaters that include the high strength metal alloys are described herein. At least one heater system may include a canister at least partially made from material containing at least one of the metal alloys. At least one system for heating a subterranean formation may include a tubular that is at least partially made from a material containing at least one of the metal alloys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Phillip James Maziasz, John Paul Shingledecker, Michael Leonard Santella, Joachim Hugo Schneibel, Vinod Kumar Sikka, Harold J. Vinegar, Randy Carl John, Dong Sub Kim
  • Patent number: 7754144
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel HTUPS alloy includes, in weight percent: 15 to 30 Ni; 10 to 15 Cr; 2 to 5 Al; 0.6 to 5 total of at least one of Nb and Ta; no more than 0.3 of combined Ti+V; up to 3 Mo; up to 3 Co; up to 1 W; up to 0.5 Cu; up to 4 Mn; up to 1 Si; 0.05 to 0.15 C; up to 0.15 B; up to 0.05 P; up to 1 total of at least one of Y, La, Ce, Hf, and Zr; less than 0.05 N; and base Fe, wherein the weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni wherein said alloy forms an external continuous scale comprising alumina, nanometer scale sized particles distributed throughout the microstructure, said particles comprising at least one composition selected from the group consisting of NbC and TaC, and a stable essentially single phase fcc austenitic matrix microstructure, said austenitic matrix being essentially delta-ferrite-free and essentially BCC-phase-free.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Assignees: UT-Battelle, LLC, University of Tennessee Research Foundation
    Inventors: Michael P Brady, Michael L Santella, Yukinori Yamamoto, Chain-tsuan Liu
  • Patent number: 7754305
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy includes, in weight percent: >4 to 15 Mn; 8 to 15 Ni; 14 to 16 Cr; 2.4 to 3 Al; 0.4 to 1 total of at least one of Nb and Ta; 0.05 to 0.2 C; 0.01 to 0.02 B; no more than 0.3 of combined Ti+V; up to 3 Mo; up to 3 Co; up to 1W; up to 3 Cu; up to 1 Si; up to 0.05 P; up to 1 total of at least one of Y, La, Ce, Hf, and Zr; less than 0.05 N; and base Fe, wherein the weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni, and wherein the alloy forms an external continuous scale including alumina, nanometer scale sized particles distributed throughout the microstructure, the particles including at least one of NbC and TaC, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure that is essentially delta-ferrite-free and essentially BCC-phase-free.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Yukinori Yamamoto, Michael L Santella, Michael P Brady, Philip J Maziasz, Chain-tsuan Liu
  • Patent number: 7749431
    Abstract: A high-strength stainless steel, having good mechanical properties and corrosion resistance in a high-pressure hydrogen gas environment, is used as a container or other device for high-pressure hydrogen gas, and consists of, by mass %, C: not more than 0.04%, Si: not more than 1.0%, Mn: 7 to 30%, Cr: 15 to 22%, Ni: 5 to 20%, V: 0.001 to 1.0%, N: 0.20 to 0.50% and Al: not more than 0.10%, and the balance Fe and impurities. Among the impurities, P is not more than 0.030%, S is not more than 0.005%, and Ti, Zr and Hf are not more than 0.01% respectively, and the contents of Cr, Mn and N satisfy the relationship, 2.5Cr+3.4Mn?300N. The weld metal of the welded joint of the container or other device made of the said stainless steel satisfies the relationship, ?11?Nieq?1.1×Creq??8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaaki Igarashi, Hiroyuki Semba, Mitsuo Miyahara, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Tomohiko Omura
  • Patent number: 7744813
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel displaying high temperature oxidation and creep resistance has a composition that includes in weight percent 15 to 21 Ni, 10 to 15 Cr, 2 to 3.5 Al, 0.1 to 1 Nb, and 0.05 to 0.15 C, and that is free of or has very low levels of N, Ti and V. The alloy forms an external continuous alumina protective scale to provide a high oxidation resistance at temperatures of 700 to 800° C. and forms NbC nanocarbides and a stable essentially single phase fcc austenitic matrix microstructure to give high strength and high creep resistance at these temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Michael P. Brady, Bruce A. Pint, Chain-Tsuan Liu, Philip J. Maziasz, Yukinori Yamamoto, Zhao P. Lu
  • Patent number: 7708841
    Abstract: An austenitic, substantially ferrite-free steel alloy and a process for producing components therefrom. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignees: Boehler Edelstahl GmbH & Co KG, Schoeller-Bleckmann Oilfield Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Gabriele Saller, Herbert Aigner, Josef Bernauer, Raimund Huber
  • Publication number: 20090010793
    Abstract: A method for producing cold-formable, high-strength steel strips or sheets with TWIP properties, wherein in successive working steps are carried out without interruption, uses a molten material of the following composition (mass %): C: 0.003-1.50%, Mn: 18.00-30.00%, Ni: ?10.00%, Si: ?8.00%, Al: ?10.00%, Cr: ?10.00%, N: ?0.60%, Cu: ?3.00%, P: ?0.40%, S: ?0.15%, selectively one or more components from the Se, Te, V, Ti, Nb, B, REM, Mo, W, Co, Ca and Mg group provided that the total content of Se, Te is ?0.25%, the total content of V, Ti, Nb, B, REM is ?4.00%, the total content of Mo, W, Co is ?1.50% and the total content of Ca, Mg is ?0.50%, the rest being iron and melting conditioned impurities, wherein the content of Sn, Sb, Zr, Ta and As, whose total content is equal to or less than 0.30% is included in said impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 3, 2004
    Publication date: January 8, 2009
    Applicant: THYSSENKRUPP STEEL AG
    Inventors: Jens-Ulrik Becker, Harald Hofmann, Manfred Menne, Jochen Wans
  • Publication number: 20080292489
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy includes, in weight percent: >4 to 15 Mn; 8 to 15 Ni; 14 to 16 Cr; 2.4 to 3 Al; 0.4 to 1 total of at least one of Nb and Ta; 0.05 to 0.2 C; 0.01 to 0.02 B; no more than 0.3 of combined Ti+V; up to 3 Mo; up to 3 Co; up to 1W; up to 3 Cu; up to 1 Si; up to 0.05 P; up to 1 total of at least one of Y, La, Ce, Hf, and Zr; less than 0.05 N; and base Fe, wherein the weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni, and wherein the alloy forms an external continuous scale including alumina, nanometer scale sized particles distributed throughout the microstructure, the particles including at least one of NbC and TaC, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure that is essentially delta-ferrite-free and essentially BCC-phase-free.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2008
    Publication date: November 27, 2008
    Applicant: UT-BATTELLE, LLC
    Inventors: Yukinori Yamamoto, Michael L. Santella, Michael P. Brady, Philip J. Maziasz, Chain-Tsuan Liu
  • Publication number: 20080210344
    Abstract: A precipitation hardenable stainless chromium nickel steel is disclosed having the following composition in weight %: C max 0.07 Si max 1.5 Mn 0.2-5?? S 0.01-0.4? Cr 10-15 Ni ?7-14 Mo 1-6 Cu 1-3 Ti 0.3-2.5 Al 0.2-1.5 N max 0.1 balance Fe and normally occurring impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2005
    Publication date: September 4, 2008
    Applicant: SANDVIK INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AB
    Inventor: Håkan Holmberg
  • Patent number: 6939415
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel excellect in high temperature strength and creep rupture ducitility which comprises, on the percent by mass basis, C: 0.03-0.12%, Si: 0.2-2%, Mn: 0.1-3%, P: 0.03% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Ni: more than 18% and less than 25%, Cr: more than 22% and less than 30%, Co: 0.04-0.8%, Ti: 0.002% or more and less than 0.01%, Nb: 0.1-1%, V: 0.01-1%, B: more than 0.0005% and 0.2% or less, sol. Al: 0.0005% or more and less than 0.03%, N: 0.1-0.35% and O (Oxygen): 0.001-0.008%, with the balance being Fe and impurities. The austenitic stainless steel may contain a specified amount of one or more element(s) of Mo and W, and/or a specified amount of one or more element(s) of Mg, Zr, Ca, REM, Pd and Hf.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2005
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsuro Iseda, Hiroyuki Semba
  • Patent number: 6918967
    Abstract: An austenitic alloy having improved ductility/processability and improved pitting and crevice corrosion resistance comprising, in % by weight, about: 25-30% Ni; 19-23% Cr; 6-8% Mo; 0.3-0.5% N; 0.5% Mn; 0-1.5% Cu; 0-0.2% C; 0-1% Al; 0-0.01% S; 0-1% Ti; 0-1% Si; up to trace amounts of Mg, Ca, and Ce; and balance Fe plus incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: Huntington Alloys Corporation
    Inventors: James R. Crum, Frances S. Suarez, Sarwan K. Mannan, Vernon W. Hartmann
  • Patent number: 6918968
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel excellent in high temperature strength, high temperature ductility and hot workability, consisting of, by mass %, C: more than 0.05% to 0.15%, Si: 2% or less, Mn: 0.1 to 3%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Cr: more than 20% to less than 28%, Ni: more than 15% to 55%, Cu: more than 2% to 6%, Nb: 0.1 to 0.8%, V: 0.02 to 1.5%, sol. Al: 0.001 to 0.1%, but sol.Al?0.4×N, N: more than 0.05% to 0.3% and O (Oxygen): 0.006% or less, but O?1/(60×Cu), and the balance Fe and impurities. The austenitic stainless steel may contain at least one of Co, Mo, W, Ti, B, Zr, Hf, Ta, Re, Ir, Pd, Pt and Ag, and/or at least one of Mg, Ca, Y, La, Ce, Nd and Sc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Semba, Masaaki Igarashi
  • Publication number: 20040191109
    Abstract: A wrought stainless steel alloy composition includes 12% to 25% Cr, 8% to 25% Ni, 0.05% to 1% Nb, 0.05% to 10% Mn, 0.02% to 0.15% C, 0.02% to 0.5% N, with the balance iron, the composition having the capability of developing an engineered microstructure at a temperature above 550° C. The engineered microstructure includes an austenite matrix having therein a dispersion of intragranular NbC precipitates in a concentration in the range of 1010 to 1017 precipitates per cm3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2003
    Publication date: September 30, 2004
    Inventors: Philip J. Maziasz, Robert W. Swindeman, Bruce A. Pint, Michael L. Santella, Karren L. More
  • Patent number: 6780258
    Abstract: A new austenitic stainless steel containing approximately 0.1-1.0 mass % of Si and not more than approximately 0.003 mass % of Al. Nonmetallic inclusions dispersed in a steel matrix are converted to MnO—SiO2—Al2O3 containing not less than approximately 15 mass % of SiO2 and not more than approximately 40 mass % of Al2O3. During steel making, molten steel is covered with basic slag and heavily deoxidized with a Si alloy whose Al content is controlled to not more than approximately 1.0 mass % in a vacuum or non-oxidizing atmosphere. The austenitic stainless steel sheet can be formed to an objective shape without the occurrence of cracking due to its decrease in susceptibility to cracking and its good formability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: Nisshin Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Junichi Katsuki, Teruyoshi Iida, Takashi Yamauchi, Satoshi Suzuki, Naoto Hiramatsu
  • Patent number: 6764647
    Abstract: A material which is suitable for equipment in oilfield technology and a process for making the material. The material consist essentially of C, Si, Mn, Cr, Mo, Ni, Cu, N in certain weight percentages, with the balance iron and contaminants due to manufacture. The material is hot formed in a condition free of nitride precipitates and without precipitated associated phases. After a cooling, it is cold formed in a condition free of ferrites. The material has certain values of relative magnetic permeability, yield strength (Rp0.2), notched impact strength, fatigue strength under reversed stresses, and fracture appearance transition temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignees: Choeller-Bleckmann Oilfield Technology GmbH & Co. KG, Kohler Edelstahl GmbH
    Inventors: Herbert Aigner, Josef Bernauer, Gabriele Saller
  • Patent number: 6440579
    Abstract: Process for producing a drawn wire, in particular a wire for reinforcing tires, having a diameter of less than 0.3 mm by drawing a base wire rod having a diameter of greater than 5 mm or a predrawn base wire made of steel with the following composition by weight: carbon≦40×10−3% nitrogen≦40×10−3%, the carbon and nitrogen satisfying the relationship C+N≦50×10−3%, 0.2%≦silicon≦1.0%, 0.2%≦manganese≦5%, 9%≦nickel≦12%, 15%≦chromium≦20%, 1.5%≦copper≦4%, sulfur≦10×10−3%, phosphorus<0.050%, 40×10−4%≦total oxygen≦120×10−4%, 0.1×10−4%≦aluminum≦20×10−4%, magnesium≦5×10−4%, 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2002
    Assignees: Ugine Savoie Societe de Production Internationale de Trefiles, Sprint Metal
    Inventors: Jean-Michel Hauser, Joël Marandel, Etienne Havette
  • Patent number: 6379477
    Abstract: An Fe—Cr—Ni alloy for electron gun electrodes, comprises: 15 to 20% Cr; 9 to 15% Ni; 0.12% or less C; 0.005 to 1.0% Si; 0.005 to 2.5% Mn; 0.03% or less P; 0.0003 to 0.0100% S; 2.0% or less Mo; 0.001 to 0.2% Al; 0.003% or less O; 0.1% or less N; 0.1% or less Ti; 0.1% or less Nb; 0.1% or less V; 0.1% or less Zr; 0.05% or less Ca; 0.02% or less Mg by weight; balance Fe; and inevitable impurities. When the alloy is rolled into a sheet with a thickness in the range of 0.1 to 0.7 mm, the surface portion of the sheet includes groups of lining inclusions. The number of groups with widths of 10 &mgr;m or more and less than 20 &mgr;m and with lengths of 20 &mgr;m or more is 20/mm2 or less, and the number of groups with widths of 20 &mgr;m or more and with lengths of 20 &mgr;m or more is 5/mm2 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2002
    Assignee: Nippon Mining & Metals Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Toshiyuki Ono
  • Patent number: 5480609
    Abstract: The steel contains, in proportions by weight, from 20 to 30% of chromium, from 25 to 32% of nickel, from 3 to 7% of molybdenum, from 0.35 to 0.8% of nitrogen, from 0.5 to 5.4% of manganese, up to 0.06% of carbon and up to 1% of silicon. Because of its multifariousness of corrosion resistance the steel can be employed in particular for the manufacture of equipment for removing pollutants from fumes, of equipment for the paper pulp industry, for the chemical industry or for petroleum exploitation, for seawater plants and for the manufacture of tankers for transporting corrosive products. The steel has a very high structural stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1996
    Assignee: Creusot-Loire Industrie
    Inventors: Francois Dupoiron, Jean-Christophe Gagnepain, Michel Verneau
  • Patent number: 5474737
    Abstract: An alloy comprising nickel, chromium, molybdenum, manganese, nitrogen and iron in amounts such that a weld metal formed therefrom is austenitic, wherein nitrogen is present in a concentration of from about 0.1 to about 0.2% of the alloy in weight percent. The weld metals prepared from the alloys of the present invention possess superior properties as compared to other stainless steels. These properties include inter alia a superior tearing modulus, fracture toughness, and yield strength, even at cryogenic temperatures.The present invention further provides a method for welding a metal part which is intended for exposure to cryogenic temperatures comprising welding the metal part using a welding electrode comprising nickel, chromium, molybdenum, manganese, nitrogen and iron in amounts such that a weld metal formed therefrom is austenitic, wherein nitrogen is present in the electrode in a concentration of from about 0.1 to about 0.2% of the electrode in weight percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Commerce
    Inventors: Thomas A. Siewert, Christopher N. McCowan
  • Patent number: 5352406
    Abstract: A properly balanced chemical composition and the choice of a heat treatment (annealing and quenching) under controlled conditions allow to obtain uperduplex stainless steel manufactures which, in the hot-worked form, are excellent in resistance to corrosion and have unit tensile yield strength at room temperature of 90 ksi min.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignees: Centro Sviluppo Materiali S.p.A., Dalmine S.p.A.
    Inventors: Massimo Barteri, Ivan Nembrini
  • Patent number: 5340534
    Abstract: An austenitic, stainless steel alloy having a good combination of galling resistance and corrosion resistance is disclosed containing in weight percent about:______________________________________ Broad Intermediate Preferred ______________________________________ C 0.25 max. 0.02-0.15 0.05-0.12 Mn 3-10 4-8 5-7 Si 2.25-5 2.5-4.5 3-4 Cr 15-23 16.5-21 17.5-19 Ni 2-12 4-10 6-9 Mo 0.5-4.0 0.5-2.5 0.75-1.5 N 0.35 max. 0.05-0.25 0.10-0.20 ______________________________________and the balance of the alloy is essentially iron. This alloy also has good resistance to formation of deformation-induced martensite as indicated by the alloy's low work-hardening rate and low magnetic permeability when cold-rolled to a 50% reduction in cross-sectional area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: CRS Holdings, Inc.
    Inventor: John H. Magee
  • Patent number: 5306357
    Abstract: Fully austenitic alloys are provided whose essential components are as follow:______________________________________ NICKEL 17.3-22.5% BY WEIGHT CHROMIUM 9-14% MOLYBDENUM 1.2-2.8% COPPER 2.6-3.8% MANGANESE 2.6-4.2% COLUMBIUM 0.2-0.85% IRON ESSENTIALLY BALANCE ______________________________________Nominally these alloys of the invention will also contain carbon, up to a maximum of about 0.08% by weight, and up to about 1.5% silicon in its usual role in ordinary steel-making practice as a deoxidizer or as a portion of scraps and returns. The usual minor impurities may also be present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1994
    Assignee: Carondelet Foundry Company
    Inventor: John H. Culling
  • Patent number: 5252148
    Abstract: A soft magnetic alloy having a composition of general formula:(Fe.sub.1-a Ni.sub.a).sub.100-x-y-z-p-q Cu.sub.x Si.sub.y B.sub.z Cr.sub.p M.sup.1.sub.q (I)wherein M.sup.1 is V or Mn or a mixture of V and Mn, 0.ltoreq.a.ltoreq.0.5, 0.1.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.5, 6.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.20, 6.ltoreq.z.ltoreq.20, 15.ltoreq.y+z.ltoreq.30, 0.5.ltoreq.p.ltoreq.10, and 0.5.ltoreq.q.ltoreq.10 and possessing a fine crystalline phase is suitable as a core, especially a wound core and a compressed powder core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1993
    Assignee: TDK Corporation
    Inventors: Masao Shigeta, Asako Kajita, Ippo Hirai, Tsutomu Choh
  • Patent number: 5098652
    Abstract: The present invention provides non-magnetic stainless steel which is used as materials for small parts in precision machines and electronic equipment. The non-magnetic stainless steel consists of an iron-based alloy containing 9 to 22% by weight of nickel, 12 to 26% by weight of chromiun, the balance of iron and inevitable impurities. The martensitic area ratio of the iron-based alloy structure is not more than 20%. The stainless steel exhibits excellent workability and is suitable as a raw material for TV electron gun parts and small gears which are formed by strong working such as blanking or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1992
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Yasui, Nobuaki Nakashima, Shinzo Sugai, Eiichi Watanabe
  • Patent number: 5024812
    Abstract: Single-phase, austenitic, stainless alloys which comprise, by weight, from about 13% to about 20% Ni, from about 13% to about 15% Cr, from about 7% to about 9% Mo, from about 0.5% to about 3.5% Cu, from about 0.06% to about 0.25% N, from about 0.2%, preferably from about 1%, up to about 4.5% Mn, up to about 0.08% C, up to about 2% Si, up to a total amount of about 1% of the common carbide-stabilizing elements columbium, tantalum and titanium, and the balance essentially iron, plus the usual impurities encountered in ordinary commercial steelmaking practice and found in common ferroalloys, scraps and melting materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1991
    Assignee: Carondelet Foundry Company
    Inventor: John H. Culling
  • Patent number: 4911883
    Abstract: Stainless steels possessing a superior cold workability and hot workability, which are yet economical. The stainless steels comprise not more than 0.04% carbon, not more than 0.60% silicon, 2.2-3.8% manganese, 2.5-4.0% copper, 6-8% nickel, 17-19% chromium, and the remainder being iron together with impurities. And, not more than 0.002% sulfur is decreased to provide stainless steels which possess superior corrosion resistance, and not more than 0.010% nitrogen are decreased in the stainless steels as required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 27, 1990
    Assignee: Aichi Steel Work, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenichi Kumagai, Yoshinobu Honkura, Toru Matsuo, Kouji Murata
  • Patent number: 4818483
    Abstract: An air-meltable, workable, castable, weldable, machinable, nonmagnetic alloy resistant to seawater and corrosive process fluids of the type that may be circulated in seawater-cooled heat exchangers. The alloy consists essentially of between about 3% and about 8% by weight manganese, between about 12% and about 28% by weight nickel, between about 17.3% and about 19% by weight chromium, between about 0.68% and about 3.51% by weight copper, between about 0.07% and about 0.25% by weight nitrogen, between about 5.9% and about 8% by weight molybdenum, up to about 0.08% by weight carbon, up to about 1.5% by weight silicon, up to about 0.66% by weight niobium, up to about 1.32% by weight tantalum, up to about 1% by weight vanadium, up to about 1% by weight titanium, up to about 0.6% by weight of a rare earth component selected from the group consisting of cerium, lanthanum, and misch metal, up to about 5% by weight cobalt, and between about 30% and about 56% by weight iron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: Carondelet Foundry Company
    Inventor: John H. Culling
  • Patent number: 4818484
    Abstract: A large, austenitic, non-magnetic, stainless steel, alloy article which has been significantly warm worked between about 1500 F. and 1650 F. but not subsequently annealed, which has a 0.2% yield strength of at least about 90 ksi, and which, when formed into a U-bend, does not undergo stress corrosion cracking within about 700 hours in boiling saturated aqueous sodium chloride containing 2 weight percent (w/o) ammonium bisulfite. The alloy of the article consists essentially of about:______________________________________ Elements w/o ______________________________________ C 0.1 Max. Mn 1-11 Si 0.6 Max. Cr 18-23 Ni 14-25 Mo 2.5-6.5 Cu 2 Max. B .01 Max. N 0.15 Min. C + N .gtoreq. ##STR1## ______________________________________and the balance is essentially iron. A preferred alloy for this article contains about: ______________________________________ Elements w/o ______________________________________ C .02 Max. Mn 3.0-9.0 Si 0.5 Max. Cr 18-23 Ni 15-22 Mo 2.5-6.5 N 0.20 Min. 3 Mo + Cr .gtoreq. 29.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: Carpenter Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Terry A. DeBold, John H. Magee, Jr., Norman B. Schmidt
  • Patent number: RE41504
    Abstract: A CF8C type stainless steel alloy and articles formed therefrom containing about 18.0 weight percent to about 22.0 weight percent chromium and 11.0 weight percent to about 14.0 weight percent nickel; from about 0.05 weight percent to about 0.15 weight percent carbon; from about 2.0 weight percent to about 10.0 weight percent manganese; and from about 0.3 weight percent to about 1.5 weight percent niobium. The present alloys further include less than 0.15 weight percent sulfur which provides high temperature strength both in the matrix and at the grain boundaries without reducing ductility due to cracking along boundaries with continuous or nearly-continuous carbides. The disclosed alloys also have increased nitrogen solubility thereby enhancing strength at all temperatures because nitride precipitates or nitrogen porosity during casting are not observed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Philip J. Maziasz, Tim McGreevy, Michael James Pollard, Chad W. Siebenaler, Robert W. Swindeman