Rare Earth Containing Patents (Class 420/455)
  • Patent number: 9887519
    Abstract: A spark plug having a center electrode and a ground electrode that form a gap therebetween. At least one of the center electrode and the ground electrode includes a portion formed of a nickel alloy containing nickel as a major component and 20% by mass or more of chromium. In the portion, formed of the nickel alloy, of the electrode, the content of silicon is 0.1% by mass or more, the total content of one or more particular elements selected from the group consisting of rare earth elements is 0.01% by mass or more, and the area percentage of voids in the total area of a cross-section parallel to a longitudinal direction is 1% or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kazuki Ito, Daisuke Sumoyama, Tsutomu Shibata
  • Patent number: 9662639
    Abstract: The invention relates to CeO2 and La2O3 for catalyzing Fe2O3—Al2O3 based chemical-looping reforming of CH4 with CO2 (CL-DRM). The reaction performance of all the composite oxygen carriers was evaluated in a fixed-bed reactor at atmospheric pressure condition. The influencing factors, including temperature and time-on-stream (TOS) were investigated. The characteristics of the oxygen carriers were checked with Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The reducibility of the composite materials was elucidated with temperature-programmed reduction by CH4 (CH4-TPR). Preliminary experimental observations suggest that the simultaneous presence of CeO2 and La2O3 can not only enhance the reactivity of Fe2O3—Al2O3 toward CH4 oxidation and its oxygen releasing rate for fast reaction kinetics, but also improve the reactivity of its reduced form toward CO2 splitting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Inventors: Maohong Fan, Mingchen Tang
  • Patent number: 9490477
    Abstract: A nickel-metal hydride storage battery includes a negative electrode containing a hydrogen storage alloy and an electrolyte solution. The hydrogen storage alloy has a CaCu5-type crystal structure and contains at least a Ni element and a rare earth element. The rare earth element is partly substituted with an Y element, and the electrolyte solution contains NaOH in an amount of 2.0 M or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: GS Yuasa International Ltd.
    Inventors: Daisuke Okuda, Manabu Kanemoto, Tadashi Kakeya, Mitsuhiro Kodama
  • Patent number: 9343737
    Abstract: Provided are hydrogen storage alloy powder capable of providing a nickel-hydrogen rechargeable battery with simultaneous excellence in initial activity, discharge capacity, and cycle characteristics, which are otherwise in a trade-off relationship, an anode for a nickel-hydrogen rechargeable battery as well as a nickel-hydrogen rechargeable battery employing the same. The hydrogen storage alloy has a particular composition represented by formula (1), R1-aMgaNibAlcMd, and has at its outermost surface a Mg-rich/Ni-poor region having a composition with a Mg molar ratio higher than that in formula (1) and a Ni molar ratio lower than that in formula (1), and has inside a Mg/Ni-containing region having a composition with a Mg molar ratio lower than and a Ni molar ratio higher than those in the Mg-rich/Ni-poor region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: SANTOKU CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takayuki Otsuki, Akiyasu Ota, Toshio Irie, Yasunori Yanagi
  • Publication number: 20150104703
    Abstract: Disclosed is an alloy powder for electrodes for nickel-metal hydride storage batteries having a high battery capacity and being excellent in life characteristics and high-temperature storage characteristics. The alloy powder includes a hydrogen storage alloy containing elements L, M, Ni, Co, and E. L includes La as an essential component. L includes no Nd, or when including Nd, the percentage of Nd in L is less than 5 mass %. The percentage of La in the hydrogen storage alloy is 23 mass % or less. M is Mg, Ca, Sr and/or Ba. A molar ratio ? to a total of L and M is 0.045???0.133. A molar ratio x of Ni to the total of L and M is 3.5?x?4.32, and a molar ratio y of Co is 0.13?y?0.5. The molar ratios x and y, and a molar ratio z of E to the total of L and M satisfy 4.78?x+y+z<5.03.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Akiko Okabe, Hideaki Ohyama, Shinichi Sumiyama, Yasushi Nakamura, Kiyoshi Hayashi, Hiroki Takeshima, Fumio Kato
  • Patent number: 8968644
    Abstract: A hydrogen storage alloy having the atomic formula AB4.75-5.25. Where A may comprise at least 85 atomic percent Nd and less than 15 atomic percent other rare earth elements and Mg and B may comprise Ni, Co, and at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mn and Al. The atomic percentages of Mn and Al may be governed by the following formulas where Mn and Al are in atomic percent: 1) Mn+1.5 Al?6 atomic percent; and 2) Mn+Al?12 atomic percent. The total percent of Mn and Al may provide the alloy with a 20° C. plateau pressure of between 4 and 25 psi, preferably between 6 and 20 psi. The hydrogen storage alloy allows a nickel metal hydride battery into which it is incorporated to maintain a voltage of at least 1.2 V at a depth of discharge of 90%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Ovonic Battery Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Kwo Young, Michael A. Fetcenko, Baoquan Huang, Ben Chao
  • Patent number: 8920937
    Abstract: A protective coating system includes a nickel-aluminum-zirconium alloy coating having beta phase nickel-aluminum and at least one phase selected from gamma phase nickel and the gamma prime phase nickel-aluminum. The nickel-aluminum-zirconium alloy coating comprises 10 vol % to 60 vol % of the beta phase nickel-aluminum or 25 vol % to 75 vol % of the beta phase nickel-aluminum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: David A. Litton, Venkatarama K. Seetharaman, Michael J. Maloney, Benjamin J. Zimmerman, Brian S. Tryon
  • Publication number: 20140348203
    Abstract: Provided in one embodiment is a method of identifying a stable phase of an ordering binary alloy system comprising a solute element and a solvent element, the method comprising: determining at least three thermodynamic parameters associated with grain boundary segregation, phase separation, and intermetallic compound formation of the ordering binary alloy system; and identifying the stable phase of the ordering binary alloy system based on the first thermodynamic parameter, the second thermodynamic parameter and the third thermodynamic parameter by comparing the first thermodynamic parameter, the second thermodynamic parameter and the third thermodynamic parameter with a predetermined set of respective thermodynamic parameters to identify the stable phase; wherein the stable phase is one of a stable nanocrystalline phase, a metastable nanocrystalline phase, and a non-nanocrystalline phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Heather A. Murdoch, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Patent number: 8864870
    Abstract: A method of making dispersion-strengthened alloy particles involves melting an alloy having a corrosion and/or oxidation resistance-imparting alloying element, a dispersoid-forming element, and a matrix metal wherein the dispersoid-forming element exhibits a greater tendency to react with a reactive species acquired from an atomizing gas than does the alloying element. The melted alloy is atomized with the atomizing gas including the reactive species to form atomized particles so that the reactive species is (a) dissolved in solid solution to a depth below the surface of atomized particles and/or (b) reacted with the dispersoid-forming element to form dispersoids in the atomized particles to a depth below the surface of said atomized particles. Bodies made from the dispersion strengthened solidified particles exhibit enhanced fatigue and creep resistance and reduced wear as well as enhanced corrosion and/or oxidation resistance at high temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Iver E. Anderson, Robert L. Terpstra
  • Publication number: 20140178245
    Abstract: A coated article having an improved coating oxidation life includes a superalloy substrate material having a composition which includes sulfur, herein the sulfur is present in an amount less than 1 ppm; and an overlay coating formed over a surface of the substrate material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2014
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Alan D. Cetel, Dilip M. Shah
  • Publication number: 20140125214
    Abstract: A spark plug electrode material containing nickel, silicon, and copper, the electrode material, in the case of proper use, forming a nickel oxide layer made of nickel oxide grains on at least a part of its surface, the grain boundary phase of the nickel oxide grains including silicon and/or silicon oxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2012
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Inventor: Simone Baus
  • Publication number: 20140106063
    Abstract: A spark plug electrode material containing a) 0.7 to 1.3% silicon by weight, b) 0.5 to 1.0% copper by weight, and c) nickel as the balance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Inventors: Lars Menken, Juergen Oberle, Simone Baus, Jochen Boehm
  • Publication number: 20130272917
    Abstract: A metallic bondcoat with phases of ? and ?? is provided. The metallic coating or alloy is nickel based. The metallic coating or alloy has ? and ?? phases and optionally has ?-phase. The new addition in nickel based coating stabilizes the phases ? and ?? at high temperatures leading to a reduction of local stresses.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Anand A. Kulkarni, Jonathan E. Shipper, JR., Werner Stamm
  • Publication number: 20130272918
    Abstract: Provided are hydrogen storage alloy powder capable of providing a nickel-hydrogen rechargeable battery with simultaneous excellence in initial activity, discharge capacity, and cycle characteristics, which are otherwise in a trade-off relationship, an anode for a nickel-hydrogen rechargeable battery as well as a nickel-hydrogen rechargeable battery employing the same. The hydrogen storage alloy has a particular composition represented by formula (1), R1-aMgaNibAlcMd, and has at its outermost surface a Mg-rich/Ni-poor region having a composition with a Mg molar ratio higher than that in formula (1) and a Ni molar ratio lower than that in formula (1), and has inside a Mg/Ni-containing region having a composition with a Mg molar ratio lower than and a Ni molar ratio higher than those in the Mg-rich/Ni-poor region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2011
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: SANTOKU CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takayuki Otsuki, Akiyasu Ota, Toshio Irie, Yasunori Yanagi
  • Publication number: 20130243642
    Abstract: A metallic coating or alloy is provided, which is nickel based, and includes at least ? and ?? phases. The metallic coating or the alloy further includes tantalum (Ta) in the range of between 4 wt % to 7.5 wt %. The metallic coating or the alloy also includes cobalt (Co) in the range between 11 wt %-14.5 wt %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Inventors: Anand A. Kulkarni, Jonathan E. Shipper, JR., Werner Stamm
  • Patent number: 8535460
    Abstract: A hydrogen storage alloy is provided which has an extremely low Co content, and can maintain the drain (power) performance (especially pulse discharge characteristics), activity (degree of activity), and life performance at high levels. The hydrogen storage alloy is manufactured by weighing and mixing every material for the hydrogen storage alloy so as to provide an alloy composition represented by the general formula MmNiaMnbAlcCod or MmNiaMnbAlcCodFee, and controlling the manufacturing method and manufacturing conditions so that both the a-axis length and the c-axis length of the crystal lattice are in a predetermined range. Although it is sufficient if the a-axis length of the crystal lattice is 499 pm or more and the c-axis length is 405 pm or more, by further specifying the a-axis length and c-axis length depending on the values of ABx, a hydrogen storage alloy having high durability can be provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsui Mining & Smelting Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Daisuke Mukai, Shigeki Nakayama, Kiyotaka Yasuda, Shinya Kagei, Hidetoshi Inoue
  • Publication number: 20130142690
    Abstract: A safe and industrially advantageous production method is disclosed for producing a rare earth-Mg—Ni based hydrogen storage alloy which realizes production of a nickel-hydrogen rechargeable battery having excellent cycle characteristics and a large capacity. The method is for producing a rare earth-Mg—Ni based hydrogen storage alloy including element A, Mg, and element B, wherein element A is composed of at least one element R selected from rare earth elements including Sc and Y, and optionally at least one element selected from Zr, Hf, and Ca, and element B is composed of Ni and optionally at least one element selected from elements other than element A and Mg. The method includes first step of mixing an alloy consisting of elements A and B and Mg metal and/or a Mg-containing alloy having a melting point not higher than the melting point of Mg metal, and second step of heat-treating a mixture obtained from first step for 0.5 to 240 hours at a temperature 5 to 250° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2011
    Publication date: June 6, 2013
    Applicant: SANTOKU CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takayuki Otsuki, Toshio Irie
  • Patent number: 8377374
    Abstract: A hydrogen-absorbing alloy, which is used as a negative electrode material of nickel-metal hydride secondary batteries for hybrid electric vehicles, and particularly for batteries to drive electric motors of hybrid electric vehicles, is an AB5-type alloy having a CaCu5-type crystal structure and the general formula RNiaCobAlcMnd (R: mixture of rare earth metals), wherein 4.15?a?4.4, 0.15?b?0.35, 1?c/d?1.7, 5.25?a+b+c+d?5.45.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Chuo Denki Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasushi Kojima, Hiroyuki Ikeda, Satoru Furukawa, Kazutaka Sugiyama, Nobuo Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8343660
    Abstract: Provided is a hydrogen storage alloy which is characterized in that two or more crystal phases having different crystal structures are layered in a c-axis direction of the crystal structures. The hydrogen storage alloy is further characterized in that a difference between a maximum value and a minimum value of a lattice constant a in the crystal structures of the laminated two or more crystal phases is 0.03 ? or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignees: GS Yuasa International Ltd., National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Tadashi Kakeya, Manabu Kanemoto, Minoru Kuzuhara, Tetsuya Ozaki, Masaharu Watada, Tetsuo Sakai
  • Patent number: 8338051
    Abstract: This invention relates to an electrode catalyst for a fuel cell comprising catalyst metal particles of noble metal-base metal-Ce (cerium) ternary alloy carried on carbon materials, wherein the noble metal is at least one member selected from among Pt, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag and Au, the base metal is at least one member selected from among Ir, Co, Fe, Ni and Mn, and the relative proportion (i.e., the molar proportion) of noble metal:base metal:Ce (cerium) is 20 to 95:5 to 60:0.1 to 3. The electrode catalyst for a fuel cell inhibits deterioration of an electrolyte membrane or an electrolyte in an electrode catalyst layer, improves durability, and, in particular, improves the capacity for power generation in the high current density region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignees: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Cataler Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroaki Takahashi, Yosuke Horiuchi, Takahiro Nagata, Tomoaki Terada, Toshiharu Tabata
  • Patent number: 8334056
    Abstract: An alloy including: about 10 at % to about 30 at % of a Pt-group metal; less than about 23 at % Al; about 0.5 at % to about 2 at % of at least one reactive element selected from Hf, Y, La, Ce and Zr, and combinations thereof; a superalloy substrate constituent selected from the group consisting of Cr, Co, Mo, Ta, Re and combinations thereof; and Ni; wherein the Pt-group metal, Al, the reactive element and the superalloy substrate constituent are present in the alloy in a concentration to the extent that the alloy has a solely ??-Ni3Al phase constitution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian M. Gleeson, Daniel J. Sordelet, Wen Wang
  • Publication number: 20120315183
    Abstract: The present invention provides a hydrogen absorption alloy, which includes chemical composition represented by the general formula M1tM2uM3vCawMgxNiyM4z wherein 16×(d?1.870)/(d?r)?v?16×(d?1.860)/(d?r); 1.6?w?3.2; 4.1×5.1; 3.2?(y+z)/(t+u+v+w+3.4; t+u+v+w+x+y+z=100; M1 is one or more elements selected from La, Pr, and Nd; M2 is one or more elements selected from V, Nb, Ta, Ti, Zr, and Hf; M3 is one or more elements selected from Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu; M4 is one or more elements selected from Co, Mn, Al, Cu, Fe, Cr, and Zn; d is an average atomic radius of the elements selected as M1; and r is an average atomic radius of the elements selected as M3; and an electrode and a secondary battery using the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Applicant: GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LTD.
    Inventors: Tetsuya Ozaki, Manabu Kanemoto, Yoshiteru Kawabe, Tadashi Kakeya
  • Patent number: 8277582
    Abstract: The present invention provides a hydrogen absorbing alloy containing a phase of a Pr5Co19 type crystal structure having a composition defined by a general formula A(4?w)B(1+w)C19 (A denotes one or more element(s) selected from rare earth elements including Y (yttrium); B denotes an Mg element; C denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, and Al; and w denotes a numeral in a range from ?0.1 to 0.8) and having a composition as a whole defined by a general formula R1xR2yR3z (15.8?x?17.8, 3.4?y?5.0, 78.8?z?79.6, and x+y+z=100; R1 denotes one or more element(s) selected from rare earth elements including Y (yttrium); R2 denotes an Mg element, R3 denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, and Al; the numeral of Mn+Al in the z is 0.5 or higher; and the numeral of Al in the z is 4.1 or lower).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignees: GS Yuasa International Ltd., National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Manabu Kanemoto, Tadashi Kakeya, Minoru Kuzuhara, Masaharu Watada, Tetsuo Sakai, Tetsuya Ozaki
  • Publication number: 20120141319
    Abstract: A hydrogen storage alloy having the atomic formula AB4.75-5.25. Where A may comprise at least 85 atomic percent Nd and less than 15 atomic percent other rare earth elements and Mg and B may comprise Ni, Co, and at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mn and Al. The atomic percentages of Mn and Al may be governed by the following formulas where Mn and Al are in atomic percent: 1) Mn+1.5 Al?6 atomic percent; and 2) Mn+Al?12 atomic percent. The total percent of Mn and Al may provide the alloy with a 20° C. plateau pressure of between 4 and 25 psi, preferably between 6 and 20 psi. The hydrogen storage alloy allows a nickel metal hydride battery into which it is incorporated to maintain a voltage of at least 1.2 V at a depth of discharge of 90%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2010
    Publication date: June 7, 2012
    Inventors: Kwo Young, Michael A. Fetcenko, Baoquan Huang, Ben Chao
  • Publication number: 20120134871
    Abstract: A hydridable alloy of formula R1-x-yMgxMyNis-aBa wherein R is selected from the group consisting in rare earths, yttrium and a mixture thereof; M represents Zr and/or Ti; B is selected from the group consisting in Mn, Al, Co, Fe and a mixture thereof; 0.1<x<0.4; 0?y<0.1; 3<s<4.5 and 0?a<1; at least 5% of the volume of which consists of a stack of sequences of a pattern of the A2B4 type and of n patterns of the CaCu5 type randomly distributed along one direction, n being an integer comprised between 1 and 10 and representing the number of patterns of the CaCu5 type per pattern of the A2B4 type. A method for making a hydridable alloy comprising steps for compression and applying a current through a mixture comprising Mg2Ni and a compound comprising nickel and one or several elements selected from the group consisting in rare earths and yttrium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Applicants: SAFT, UNIVERSITE DE PARIS EST CRETEIL VAL DE MARNE UPEC, CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS)
    Inventors: Patrick BERNARD, Bernard KNOSP, Michel LATROCHE, Junxian ZHANG, Virginie SERIN, Martin HYTCH
  • Publication number: 20120128525
    Abstract: A nickel-based coating or alloy is provided. The coating includes tantalum preferably without rhenium. The coating or alloy has stabilized the formation of phases ?/?? at high temperatures leading to a reduction of local stresses. A component is also provided. The substrate of the component includes a nickel-based or cobalt-based superalloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2010
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: Anand A. Kulkarni, Jonathan E. Shipper, Werner Stamm
  • Publication number: 20120128526
    Abstract: A nickel-based coating or alloy is provided. The coating includes tantalum preferably without rhenium. The coating or alloy has stabilized the formation of phases ?/?? at high temperatures leading to a reduction of local stresses. A component is also provided. The substrate of the component includes a nickel-based or cobalt-based superalloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2010
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: Anand A. Kulkarni, Jonathan E. Shipper, Werner Stamm
  • Publication number: 20110293963
    Abstract: A coating is disclosed that consists essentially of, by weight, about 27.5% to about 31.5% aluminum, about 0.20% to about 0.60% hafnium, about 0.08% to about 0.30% zirconium, about 0.005% to about 0.100% of two or more reactive elements selected from a group consisting of yttrium, lanthanum, and cerium, and a balance of nickel. Turbine engine components including the coating and methods of applying the coating on such components are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2010
    Publication date: December 1, 2011
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Yiping Hu, Richard L. Bye, Paul Mravcak
  • Publication number: 20110277568
    Abstract: Semi-finished products for the production of devices containing thermoelastic materials with improved reliability and reproducibility are described. The semi-finished products are based on an alloy of Ni—Ti plus elements X and/or Y. The nickel amount is comprised between 40 and 52 atom %, X is comprised between 0.1 and 1 atom %, Y is comprised between 1 and 10 atom % and the balance is titanium. The one or more additional elements X are chosen from Al, Ta, Hf, Si, Ca, Ce, La, Re, Nb, V, W, Y, Zr, Mo, and B. The one or more additional elements Y are chosen from Al, Ag, Au, Co, Cr, Fe, Mn, Mo, Nb, Pd, Pt, Ta and W.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Applicant: SAES SMART MATERIALS
    Inventors: Francis E. Sczerzenie, Graeme William Paul
  • Publication number: 20110274972
    Abstract: The present invention aims to increase the discharge capacity and to improve the cycle life performance in a nickel-metal hydride rechargeable battery using a La—Mg—Ni based hydrogen-absorbing alloy as an active material of a negative electrode. The present invention provides a hydrogen-absorbing alloy represented by the general formula (1): M1uMgvCawM2xNiyM3z . . . (1) (wherein, M1 is one or more elements selected from rare earth elements; M2 is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Group 3A elements; Group 4A elements, Group 5A elements, and Pd (excluding rare earth elements); M3 is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Group 6A elements, Group 7A elements, Group 8 elements, Group 1B elements, Group 2B elements, and Group 3B elements (excluding Ni and Pd); u, v, w, x, y, and z are numbers satisfying, u+v+w+x+y+z=100, 3.4?v?5.9, 0.8?w?3.1, 0?(x+z)?5, and 3.2?(y+z)/(u+v+w+x)?3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 20, 2010
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Applicant: GS Yuasa International Ltd.
    Inventors: Manabu Kanemoto, Tetsuya Ozaki, Masaharu Watada
  • Patent number: 8021606
    Abstract: A hydrogen storage alloy containing a phase of a chemical composition defined by a general formula A5·xB1+xC24: wherein in the general formula A5·xB1+xC24, A denotes one or more element(s) selected from rare earth elements; B denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba; C denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, Al, Cr, Fe, Cu, Zn, Si, Sn, V, Nb, Ta, Ti, Zr, and Hf; and x denotes a numeral in a range from ?0.1 to 0.8: and the phase has a crystal structure belonging to a space group of R-3m and having a length ratio of the c-axis to the a-axis of the lattice constant in a range of 11.5 to 12.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignees: GS Yuasa International Ltd., National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology
    Inventors: Tetsuya Ozaki, Tetsuo Sakai, Manabu Kanemoto, Minoru Kuzuhara, Tadashi Kakeya, Masaharu Watada
  • Patent number: 7988800
    Abstract: In order to accurately and efficiently alloy a Mg-REM-Ni based hydrogen-absorbing alloy in accordance with a target composition, which was difficult in the industrial production by the conventional technique, a rare earth element starting material and a nickel starting material are firstly melted in a melting furnace to form a melt of REM-Ni alloy, and then a magnesium starting material is added to the alloy melt and an interior of the melting furnace is kept at a given pressure to form a melt of Mg-REM-Ni alloy, and thereafter the alloy melt is cooled and solidified at a given cooling rate to produce a Mg-REM-Ni based hydrogen-absorbing alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Japan Metals and Chemicals Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahito Osawa, Katsuyuki Kudo, Akihito Maeda, Seiji Takahashi
  • Patent number: 7951326
    Abstract: The present invention provides a hydrogen absorbing alloy containing a phase of a Pr5Co19 type crystal structure having a composition defined by a general formula A(4?w)B(1+w)C19 (A denotes one or more element(s) selected from rare earth elements including Y (yttrium); B denotes an Mg element; C denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, and Al; and w denotes a numeral in a range from ?0.1 to 0.8) and having a composition as a whole defined by a general formula R1xR2yR3z (15.8?x?17.8, 3.4?y?5.0, 78.8?z?79.6, and x+y+z=100; R1 denotes one or more element(s) selected from rare earth elements including Y (yttrium); R2 denotes an Mg element, R3 denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, and Al; the numeral of Mn+Al in the z is 0.5 or higher; and the numeral of Al in the z is 4.1 or lower).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignees: GS Yuasa International Ltd., National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Manabu Kanemoto, Tadashi Kakeya, Minoru Kuzuhara, Masaharu Watada, Tetsuo Sakai, Tetsuya Ozaki
  • Patent number: 7935305
    Abstract: The present invention relates to hydrogen storage alloys, methods for producing the same, and anodes produced with such alloys for nickel-hydrogen rechargeable batteries. The alloys are useful as electrode materials for nickel-hydrogen rechargeable batteries, excellent, when used as anode materials, in corrosion resistance or activity such as initial activity and high rate discharge performance, of low cost compared to the conventional alloys with a higher Co content, and recyclable. The alloys are of a composition represented by the formula (1), and has a substantially single phase structure, and the crystals thereof have an average long axis diameter of 30 to 160 ?m, or not smaller than 5 ?m and smaller than 30 ?m. The present anodes for rechargeable batteries contain at least one of these hydrogen storage alloys: RNixCoyMz??(1) (R: rare earth elements etc., M: Mg, Al, etc., 3.7?x?5.3, 0.1?y?5.0, 0.1?z?1.0, 5.1?x+y+z?5.5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: Santoku Corporation
    Inventors: Kiyofumi Takamaru, Hideaki Ikeda, Koji Tatsumi
  • Publication number: 20110097599
    Abstract: Platinum-modified nickel-based superalloys and turbine engine components are provided. The platinum-modified nickel-based superalloy includes, by weight, aluminum, in a range of about 7.8 percent to about 8.2 percent, tantalum, in a range of about 5.0 percent to about 6.0 percent, rhenium, in a range of about 1.6 percent to about 2.0 percent, platinum, in a range of about 0.8 percent to about 1.4 percent, hafnium, in a range of about 0.20 percent to about 0.40 percent, silicon, in a range of about 0.30 percent to about 0.60 percent, about 0.02 percent carbon, about 0.01 percent boron, and a balance of nickel. The platinum-modified a nickel-based superalloy may also include, by weight, chromium in a range of about 4.0 percent to about 5.0 percent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2009
    Publication date: April 28, 2011
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventor: Yiping Hu
  • Patent number: 7892678
    Abstract: A hydrogen absorbing alloy powder includes an intermetallic compound having an AB5 type crystal structure and containing La for an A site element and Ni for a B site element. The powder contains La by 20 wt % or more and metallic Ni by from 2.0 wt % to 10 wt %, and acicular or grain shape precipitates containing La(OH)3 are deposited on a surface thereof. The powder has an intensity ratio P2/P1 satisfying a relation: P2/P1?0.02, where P1 is a peak intensity appearing in the vicinity of: diffraction angle 2?=42.5 deg and showing (111) face of LaNi5 and P2 is a peak intensity appearing in the vicinity of: diffraction angle 2?=15.8 deg and showing (100) face of La(OH)3 in the X-ray diffractometry using CuK? rays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shinichiro Ito, Hiroyuki Sakamoto, Shinichi Yuasa
  • Patent number: 7859177
    Abstract: A spark plug for an internal-combustion engine is provided wherein the central and ground electrodes exhibit a long service life and wherein the fatigue strength at high temperatures is improved. The ground electrode is made from an alloy comprised of nickel (Ni) as a primary component, chromium: 20-30% by weight, iron: 7-20% by weight, aluminum: 1-3% by weight, titanium: 0.05-0.5% by weight, manganese: not higher than 0.1% by weight, silicon: not higher than 0.1% by weight, and carbon: not higher than 0.5% by weight. The alloy further includes at least one specific element selected from zirconium, yttrium, neodymium, cerium, lanthanum and samarium. Further, the total content of the specific element group is 5% or more of the aluminum content and is not higher than 1% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2010
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Osamu Yoshimoto, Wataru Matsutani
  • Publication number: 20100279148
    Abstract: Nickel-based alloys and turbine components are provided. In an embodiment, by way of example only, a nickel-based alloy includes, by weight, about 29.5 percent to about 31.5 percent aluminum, about 0.20 percent to about 0.60 percent hafnium, about 0.08 percent to about 0.015 percent yttrium, and a balance of nickel. In another embodiment, by way of example only, a nickel-based alloy includes, by weight, about 9.7 percent to about 10.3 percent of cobalt, about 15.5 percent to about 16.5 percent of chromium, about 6.6 percent to about 7.2 percent of aluminum, about 5.7 percent to about 6.3 percent of tantalum, about 2.7 percent to about 3.3 percent of tungsten, about 1.8 percent to about 2.3 percent of rhenium, about 0.20 percent to about 1.2 percent of hafnium, about 0.20 percent to about 0.60 percent of silicon, and a balance of nickel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2009
    Publication date: November 4, 2010
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventor: Yiping Hu
  • Publication number: 20100216018
    Abstract: A hydrogen-absorbing alloy is represented by the general formula Ln1-xMgxNiy-a-bAlaMb (where Ln is at least one element selected from the rare-earth elements, Zr, Ti, and Y, M is at least one element selected from the group consisting of V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, Mn, Fe, Co, Ga, Zn, Sn, In, Cu, Si, P, B, and Zr, 0.05?x?0.35, 0.05?a?0.30, 0?b?0.5, and 2.5?y<3.3). The Ln in the general formula includes Sm as its main component, and the hydrogen-absorbing alloy has an electrochemical capacity of 300 mAh/g or greater. An alkaline storage battery containing a negative electrode containing the hydrogen absorbing alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2010
    Publication date: August 26, 2010
    Applicant: SANYO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shigekazu Yasuoka, Yoshifumi Magari, Tadayoshi Tanaka, Masaru Kihara, Takahiro Endo, Akira Saguchi
  • Patent number: 7740719
    Abstract: A cutter is composed of a Ni—Cr alloy containing from 32 to 44 mass percent of Cr, from 2.3 to 6.0 mass percent of Al, the balance being Ni, impurities, and additional trace elements and having a Rockwell C hardness of 52 or more. This Ni—Cr alloy provides a cutter produced with a superior workability and by a significantly simplified process, having a low deterioration in the hardness even when heated in use, having excellent corrosion resistance and low-temperature embrittlement resistance, and satisfactorily maintaining the cutting performance for a long time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2010
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Tomohisa Arai, Takashi Rokutanda, Tadaharu Kido
  • Patent number: 7662740
    Abstract: A fuel cell catalyst comprising platinum, chromium, and copper, nickel or a combination thereof. In one or more embodiments, the concentration of platinum is less than 50 atomic percent, and/or the concentration of chromium is less than 30 atomic percent, and/or the concentration of copper, nickel, or a combination thereof is at least 35 atomic percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2010
    Assignees: Symyx Technologies, Inc., Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Konstantinos Chondroudis, Alexander Gorer, Martin Devenney, Ting He, Hiroyuki Oyanagi, Daniel M. Giaquinta, Kenta Urata, Hiroichi Fukuda, Qun Fan, Peter Strasser, Keith James Cendak, Jennifer N. Cendak, legal representative
  • Publication number: 20090226342
    Abstract: The present invention provides a hydrogen absorbing alloy containing a phase of a Pr5Co19 type crystal structure having a composition defined by a general formula A(4?w)B(1+w)C19 (A denotes one or more element(s) selected from rare earth elements including Y (yttrium); B denotes an Mg element; C denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, and Al; and w denotes a numeral in a range from ?0.1 to 0.8) and having a composition as a whole defined by a general formula R1xR2yR3z (15.8?x?17.8, 3.4?y?5.0, 78.8?z?79.6, and x+y+z=100; R1 denotes one or more element(s) selected from rare earth elements including Y (yttrium); R2 denotes an Mg element, R3 denotes one or more element(s) selected from a group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, and Al; the numeral of Mn+Al in the z is 0.5 or higher; and the numeral of Al in the z is 4.1 or lower).
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2006
    Publication date: September 10, 2009
    Applicants: GS YUASA CORPORATION, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE
    Inventors: Manabu Kanemoto, Tadashi Kakeya, Minoru Kuzuhara, Masaharu Watada, Tetsuo Sakai, Tetsuya Ozaki
  • Publication number: 20090148770
    Abstract: The present invention provides a hydrogen absorbing alloy containing a phase of a Gd2CO7 type crystal structure, wherein the phase exists at a ratio of 10 weight % or higher in the entire hydrogen absorbing alloy and yttrium is contained at a ratio of 2 mol % or more and 10 mol % or less in the entire hydrogen absorbing alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2006
    Publication date: June 11, 2009
    Applicants: GS Yuasa Corporation, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Tetsuya Ozaki, Tetsuo Sakai, Manabu Kanemoto, Tadashi Kakeya, Minoru Kuzuhara, Masaharu Watada
  • Publication number: 20090111023
    Abstract: A nickel metal hydride battery includes particles of hydrogen storage alloys in the negative electrode. Such hydrogen storage alloys have a composition expressed by a general formula: (LaaSmbAc)1-wMgwNixAlyTz. In the formula, A and T denote at least one element selected from the groups consisting of: Pr, Nd, and the like; and V, Nb, and the like, respectively, the subscripts a, b, and c satisfy the relationship given by: a>0; b>0; 0.1>c?0; and a+b+c=1, and the subscripts w, x, y, and z fall within the range given by: 0.1<w?1; 0.05?y?0.35; 0?z?0.5; and 3.2?x+y+z?3.8.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2008
    Publication date: April 30, 2009
    Applicant: SANYO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Masaru Kihara, Takahiro Endo, Akira Saguchi
  • Patent number: 7514178
    Abstract: An alkaline storage battery including a positive electrode (1), a negative electrode (2) using a hydrogen-absorbing alloy, and an alkaline electrolyte solution employs, as the hydrogen-absorbing alloy in the negative electrode, a hydrogen-absorbing alloy for alkaline storage batteries including at least a rare-earth element, magnesium, nickel, and aluminum, and having an intensity ratio IA/IB of 1.00 or greater, wherein IA is the strongest peak intensity appearing in the range 2?=32°-33° and IB is the strongest peak intensity appearing in the range 2?=35°-36° in an X-ray diffraction analysis using Cu- K? radiation as the X-ray source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2009
    Assignee: SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigekazu Yasuoka, Tetsuyuki Murata, Jun Ishida
  • Publication number: 20080308057
    Abstract: An electrode for an ignition device is made from a dilute nickel alloy which has improved resistance to high temperature oxidation, sulfidation, corrosive wear, deformation and fracture and includes at least 90% by weight of nickel; zirconium; boron and at least one element from the group consisting of aluminum, magnesium, silicon, chromium, titanium and manganese. The weight ratio of Zr/B may range from about 0.5 to 150, and may include amounts of, by weight of the alloy, 0.05-0.5% zirconium and 0.001-0.01% boron. The oxidation resistance of the alloy may also be improved by the addition of hafnium to the alloy in an amount that is comparable to the amount of zirconium, which may include an amount of, by weight of the alloy, 0.005-0.2% hafnium. Electrodes of dilute nickel alloys which include aluminum and silicon, as well as those which include chromium, silicon, manganese and titanium, are particularly useful as spark plug electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2007
    Publication date: December 18, 2008
    Inventors: James D. Lykowski, Iryna Levina
  • Patent number: 7344677
    Abstract: A reversible hydrogen storage alloy for electrochemical and thermal hydrogen storage having excellent kinetics and improved performance at low temperatures and excellent cycle life. The compositions of the hydrogen storage alloy is modified to achieve excellent performance at low temperatures and excellent cycle life via non-stoichiometric hydrogen storage alloy compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2008
    Assignee: Ovonic Battery Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Kwo Young, Taihei Ouchi, Michael A. Fetcenko
  • Patent number: 7273662
    Abstract: An alloy including a Pt-group metal, Ni and Al in relative concentration to provide a ?-Ni+??-Ni3Al phase constitution, and a coating including the alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2007
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian Gleeson, Daniel Sordelet, Wen Wang
  • Publication number: 20070184346
    Abstract: A hydrogen-absorbing alloy for alkaline storage battery which is produced by a rapid cool using a rapid quenching method and whose component is represented by a general formula Ln1-xMgxNia-b-cAlbZc is used for a negative electrode of an alkaline storage battery.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2007
    Publication date: August 9, 2007
    Applicant: SANYO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yoshifumi Magari, Jun Ishida, Shigekazu Yasuoka
  • Patent number: 7052782
    Abstract: A high-temperature protection layer contains (% by weight) 23 to 27% Cr, 4 to 7% Al, 0.1 to 3% Si, 0.1 to 3% Ta, 0.2 to 2% Y, 0.001 to 0.01% B, 0.001 to 0.01% Mg and 0.001 to 0.01% Ca, remainder Ni and inevitable impurities. Optionally, the Al content is in a range from over 5 up to 6% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Hans-Peter Bossmann, Dietrich Eckardt, Klaus Erich Schneider, Christoph Toennes