Molybdenum Or Tungsten Containing Patents (Class 420/46)
  • Patent number: 10060003
    Abstract: A hot rolled austenitic stainless steel sheet contains 0.030 to 0.300% of C, from 0.30 to 3.20% of Si, from 0.90 to 17.00% of Mn, from 1.00 to 8.00% of Ni, from 14.00 to 19.00% of Cr, from 0.50 to 3.50% of Cu, from 0.045 to 0.250% of N, from 0.0001 to 0.0300% of Al, from 0 to 0.50% of V, from 0 to 0.50% of Nb, from 0 to 0.30% of Ti, and from 0 to 0.010% of B, all in terms of percentage by mass, with the balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, has a converted average composition of an oxide based inclusion that contains 30% by mass or less of Al2O3, 60% by mass or less of SiO2, and 15% by mass or more of MnO, and satisfies MnO3—3SiO2+110. Anisotropy of workability and fatigue resistance characteristics caused by an oxide based inclusion is decreased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: NISSHIN STEEL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hiroyasu Matsubayashi, Sadayuki Nakamura, Junichi Katsuki, Ryoji Hirota
  • Patent number: 9352424
    Abstract: A welding joint comprises a pair of steel materials, and a welding metal that is formed with a high-energy density beam at a butt welding portion between the pair of steel materials, wherein a transformation starting temperature Ms that is calculated by a following formula: Ms(° C.)=371?353C?22Si?24.3Mn?7.7Cu?17.3Ni?17.7Cr?25.8Mo, using a composition of mass % of the welding metal is 250° C. or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tadashi Ishikawa, Ryuichi Honma, Kazutoshi Ichikawa
  • Patent number: 8741215
    Abstract: To provide an inexpensive heat-resisting steel for engine valves by causing Fe-based heat-resisting steel to exhibit high temperature strength not inferior to that of Ni-based heat-resisting steel. A heat-resisting steel for engine valves excellent in high temperature strength containing, in % by mass, C: 0.20 to 0.50%, Si: 1.0% or less, Mn: 5.0% or less, P: 0.1 to 0.5%, Ni: 8.0 to 15.0%, Cr: 16.0 to 25.0%, Mo: 2.0 to 5.0%, Cu: 0.5% or less, Nb: 1.0% or less (including 0%), W: 8.0% or less (including 0%), N: 0.02 to 0.2%, B: 0.01% or less, and remnants of Fe and impurities, wherein the heat-resisting steel for engine valves satisfies formulae below: 442P(%)+12Mo(%)+5W(%)+7Nb(%)+328N(%)+171?300??Formula (1) ?38.13P(%)+1.06Mo(%)+0.13W(%)+9.64Nb(%)+13.52N(%)+4.83?0.12??Formula (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignees: Hitachi Metals, Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Ohishi, Takehiro Ohno, Toshihiro Uehara
  • Publication number: 20140017111
    Abstract: There is provided an austenitic stainless steel for high-pressure hydrogen gas consisting, by mass percent, of C: 0.10% or less, Si: 1.0% or less, Mn: 3% or more to less than 7%, Cr: 15 to 30%, Ni: 10% or more to less than 17%, Al: 0.10% or less, N: 0.10 to 0.50%, and at least one kind of V: 0.01 to 1.0% and Nb: 0.01 to 0.50%, the balance being Fe and impurities, wherein in the impurities, the P content is 0.050% or less and the S content is 0.050% or less, the tensile strength is 800 MPa or higher, the grain size number (ASTM E112) is No. 8 or higher, and alloy carbo-nitrides having a maximum diameter of 50 to 1000 nm are contained in the number of 0.4/?m2 or larger in cross section observation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Tomohiko Omura, Jun Nakamura, Hirokazu Okada, Hiroyuki Semba, Yusabu Tomio, Hiroyuki Hirata, Masaaki Igarashi, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Masaaki Terunuma
  • Patent number: 8486204
    Abstract: The hinge is made with a metal injection molding process from an alloy having at least: from 4 to 32 wt % Mn, from 16 to 37 wt % Cr, and from Fe that fills up the rest of the percentage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Shin Zu Shing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yu-Chi Lu, Yu-Chan Hsieh, Shun-Tian Lin
  • Patent number: 8454765
    Abstract: An austenitic, substantially ferrite-free steel alloy and a process for producing components therefrom. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignees: Boehler Edelstahl GmbH & Co. KG, Schoeller-Bleckmann Oilfield Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Gabriele Saller, Herbert Aigner, Josef Bernauer, Raimund Huber
  • Patent number: 8431072
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy consisting essentially of, in terms of weight percent ranges 0.15-0.5C; 8-37Ni; 10-25Cr; 2.5-5Al; greater than 0.6, up to 2.5 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta; up to 3Mo; up to 3Co; up to 1W; up to 3Cu; up to 15Mn; up to 2Si; up to 0.15B; up to 0.05P; up to 1 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Y, La, Ce, Hf, and Zr; <0.3Ti+V; <0.03N; and, balance Fe, where the weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni, and wherein the alloy forms an external continuous scale comprising alumina, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure, the austenitic matrix being essentially delta-ferrite free and essentially BCC-phase-free. A method of making austenitic stainless steel alloys is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Govindarajan Muralidharan, Yukinori Yamamoto, Michael P. Brady
  • Publication number: 20130047786
    Abstract: A corrosion resistant, neutron absorbing, austenitic alloy powder is disclosed having the following composition in weight percent. C 0.08 max. Mn up to 3 Si up to 2 P 0.05 max. S 0.03 max. Cr 17-27 Ni 11-20 Mo + (W/1.92) ??up to 5.2 BEq 0.78-13.0 O ?0.1 max. N ??up to 0.2 Y less than 0.005 The alloy contains at least about 0.25% B, at least about 0.05% Gd, and the balance of the alloy composition is iron and usual impurities. BEq is defined as % B+4.35×(% Gd). An article of manufacture made from consolidated alloy powder is also disclosed which is characterized by a plurality of boride and gadolinide particles dispersed within a matrix. The boride and gadolinide particles are predominantly M2B, M3B2, M3X, and M5X in form, where X is gadolinium or a combination of gadolinium and boron and M is one or more of the elements silicon, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, iron.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 25, 2011
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Inventors: Michael L. Schmidt, Gregory J. Del Corso, Patrick C. Ray, Ning Ma
  • Patent number: 8287805
    Abstract: The present invention relates an iron based brazing material comprising an alloy consisting essentially of: 15 to 30 wt % chromium (Cr); 0 to 5.0 wt % manganese (Mn); 15 to 30 wt % nickel (Ni); 1.0 to 12 wt % molybdenum (Mo); 0 to 4.0 wt % copper (Cu); 0 to 1.0 wt % nitrogen (N); 0 to 20 wt % silicone (Si); 0 to 2.0 wt % boron (B); 0 to 16 wt % phosphorus (P); optionally 0.0 to 2.5 wt % of each of one or more of elements selected from the group consisting of carbon (C), vanadium (V), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), aluminum (Al), niobium (Nb), hafnium (Hf), and tantalum (Ta); the alloy being balanced with Fe, and small inevitable amounts of contaminating elements; and wherein Si, B and P are in amounts effective to lower melting temperature, and Si, B, and P are contained in amounts according to the following formula: Index=wt % P+1.1×wt % Si+3×wt % B, and the value of the Index is within the range of from about 5 wt % to about 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignee: Alfa Laval Corporate AB
    Inventor: Per Sjödin
  • Patent number: 8192682
    Abstract: High strength metal alloys are described herein. At least one composition of a metal alloy includes chromium, nickel, copper, manganese, silicon, niobium, tungsten and iron. System, methods, and heaters that include the high strength metal alloys are described herein. At least one heater system may include a canister at least partially made from material containing at least one of the metal alloys. At least one system for heating a subterranean formation may include a tublar that is at least partially made from a material containing at least one of the metal alloys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Phillip James Maziasz, John Paul Shingledecker, Michael Leonard Santella, Joachim Hugo Schneibel, Vinod Kumar Sikka, Harold J. Vinegar, Randy Carl John, Dong Sub Kim
  • Patent number: 8137613
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel welded joint, whose base metal and weld metal each comprises, by mass percent, C: not more than 0.3%, Si: not more than 2%, Mn: 0.01 to 3.0%, P: more than 0.04% to not more than 0.3%, S: not more than 0.03%, Cr: 12 to 30%, Ni: 6 to 55%, rare earth metal(s): more than 0.2% to not more than 0.6%, sol. Al: 0.001 to 3% and N: not more than 0.3%, with the balance being Fe and impurities, and satisfies the formula of (Cr+1.5×Si+2×P)/(Ni+0.31×Mn+22×C+14.2×N+5×P)<1.388, in spite of having a high P content and showing the fully austenitic solidification, has excellent resistance to the weld solidification cracking. Therefore, the said austenitic stainless steel welded joint can be widely used in such fields where a welding fabrication is required. Each element symbol in the above formula represents the content by mass percent of the element concerned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takahiro Osuki, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Hirokazu Okada, Masaaki Igarashi
  • Patent number: 8119063
    Abstract: High-alloy austenitic stainless steels that are extra resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion in aggressive, chloride-containing solutions have a tendency for macro-segregation of Mo, at solidification of the melt. This problem is solved by a super austenite stainless steel having the following composition, in % by weight: max 0.03 C, max 0.5 Si, max 6 Mn, 28-30 Cr, 21-24 Ni, 4-6% (Mo+W/2), the content of W being max 0.7, 0.5-1.1 N, max 1.0 Cu, balance iron and impurities at normal contents originating from the production of the steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Outokumpu Oyj
    Inventors: Hachemi Loucif, Mats Liljas
  • Publication number: 20110286879
    Abstract: As a stainless steel for a metal part for clothing ornament capable of working into a complicated form part and having such nonmagnetic properties that the worked part can cope with the detection through needle detecting device is provided a high-Mn austenitic stainless steel having a chemical composition comprising C: 0.02-0.12 mass %, Si: 0.05-1.5 mass %, Mn: 10.0-22.0 mass %, S: not more than 0.03 mass %, Ni: 4.0-12.0 mass %, Cr: 14.0-25.0 mass % and N: 0.07-0.17 mass %, provided that these components are contained so that ? cal (mass %) represented by the following equation (1) is not more than 5.5 mass %: ? cal (mass %)=(Cr+0.48Si+1.21Mo+2.2(V+Ti)+0.15Nb)?(Ni+0.47Cu+0.11Mn?0.0101Mn2+26.4C+20.1N)?4.7??(1) and having a magnetic permeability of not more than 1.003 under a magnetic field of 200 kA/m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Applicant: NIPPON YAKIN KOGYO CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shigeru Hirata, Yuji Ikegami, Kazuhiro Yamakawa
  • Publication number: 20110226459
    Abstract: The invention relates to an iron-based brazing material comprising a brazing alloy, which alloy comprises: from about 9 wt % to about 30 wt % Cr, from about 5 wt % to about 25 wt % Ni, from about 0 wt % to about 9 wt % Mo, from about 0 wt % to about 5 wt % Mn, from about 0 wt % to about 1 wt % N, from about 6 wt % to about 20 wt % Si. Within the alloy is at least one of the B and the P are present as a melting point lowering supplement to Si, and wherein B is from about 0.1 wt % to about 1.5 wt %, or wherein P is from about 0.1 to about 15 wt % P. The brazing alloy may comprise contaminating elements as at least one of C, O, and S, and optionally the brazing alloy also comprises at least one micro-alloying element as V, Ti, W, Nb, or Ta, and the micro-alloying element is less than 1.5 wt % in the brazing alloy. All values are stated in weight percent, and wherein Si, B and P lower the liquidus temperature, that is the temperature when the brazing material is completely melted.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Inventor: Per Erik Sjodin
  • Patent number: 7749431
    Abstract: A high-strength stainless steel, having good mechanical properties and corrosion resistance in a high-pressure hydrogen gas environment, is used as a container or other device for high-pressure hydrogen gas, and consists of, by mass %, C: not more than 0.04%, Si: not more than 1.0%, Mn: 7 to 30%, Cr: 15 to 22%, Ni: 5 to 20%, V: 0.001 to 1.0%, N: 0.20 to 0.50% and Al: not more than 0.10%, and the balance Fe and impurities. Among the impurities, P is not more than 0.030%, S is not more than 0.005%, and Ti, Zr and Hf are not more than 0.01% respectively, and the contents of Cr, Mn and N satisfy the relationship, 2.5Cr+3.4Mn?300N. The weld metal of the welded joint of the container or other device made of the said stainless steel satisfies the relationship, ?11?Nieq?1.1×Creq??8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaaki Igarashi, Hiroyuki Semba, Mitsuo Miyahara, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Tomohiko Omura
  • Patent number: 7708841
    Abstract: An austenitic, substantially ferrite-free steel alloy and a process for producing components therefrom. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignees: Boehler Edelstahl GmbH & Co KG, Schoeller-Bleckmann Oilfield Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Gabriele Saller, Herbert Aigner, Josef Bernauer, Raimund Huber
  • Publication number: 20090158889
    Abstract: Disclosed are a weld joint and a stainless steel-based weld metal composition for the weld joint. The composition and weld joint made therefrom are suitable for welding a zinc-based alloy coated steel sheet. The weld is excellent in corrosion resistance and liquid-metal embrittlement crack resistance. This is accomplished by inhibiting liquid-metal embrittlement cracks of the stainless-steel-based weld metal when the zinc-based alloy coating steel sheet is welded using the stainless-steel-based weld metal. The weld joint comprises a welded portion of weld metal made of stainless-steel-based components, the weld metal containing in mass percent (%): C: 0.01-0.1; Si: 0.1-1; Mn: 0.5-2.5; Ni: 5-11; and Cr: 17-25, and the balance being iron and residual impurities, wherein the following expression are met: ?0.81×Cr equivalent+23.2?Ni equivalent?0.95×Cr equivalent?8.1 . . . (1); Ni equivalent=Ni+30×C+0.5×Mn+30×N . . . (2); Cr equivalent=Cr+Mo+1.5×Si . . . (3).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2006
    Publication date: June 25, 2009
    Inventors: Shinji Kodama, Hideki Hamatani, Nobuo Mizuhashi, Kenichi Asai, Manabu Mizumoto
  • Patent number: 7531129
    Abstract: A high-strength stainless steel, having good mechanical properties and corrosion resistance in a high-pressure hydrogen gas environment, and excellent in stress corrosion cracking resistance, and a container or other device for high-pressure hydrogen gas, which is made of the said stainless steel, are provided. The stainless steel is characterized in that it consists of, by mass %, C: not more than 0.02%, Si: not more than 1.0%, Mn: 3 to 30%, Cr: more than 22% but not more than 30%, Ni: 17 to 30%, V: 0.001 to 1.0%, N: 0.10 to 0.50% and Al: not more than 0.10%, and the balance Fe and impurities. Among the impurities, P is not more than 0.030%, S is not more than 0.005%, and Ti, Zr and Hf are not more than 0.01% respectively, and the contents of Cr, Mn and N satisfy the following relationship [1]: 5Cr+3.4 Mn?500 N??[1].
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2009
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaaki Igarashi, Hiroyuki Semba, Mitsuo Miyahara, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Tomohiko Omura
  • Publication number: 20090038280
    Abstract: A filter comprising a porous sintered stainless steel is provided. The filter includes 10-30% chromium, 5-25% nickel, 0.5-3% manganese; 1-4% silicon, and 0-3% molybdenum with the remainder being iron and inevitable impurities. The sintered steel has a density less than 80% of full density. The use of a stainless steel powder for the preparation of a filter having improved permeability at high temperatures also is described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2006
    Publication date: February 12, 2009
    Applicant: Hoganas AB
    Inventors: Owe Mars, Ingrid Hauer
  • Patent number: 7170073
    Abstract: A stainless steel slab containing B, wherein a protecting material is joined onto at least two faces across the bloom from each other in a stainless steel bloom containing B of 0.3–2.5 mass %, being integrated into one-piece by forming a weld metal comprising a stainless steel with chemical composition that satisfies the relationship expressed by following formulas (1)–(4), and a method to produce a steel product by rolling said slab. Further, it is preferable to interpose an insert material between above stainless steel bloom and above protecting material in bonding process. 15?Cr eq?30,??(1) 4?Cr eq?Ni eq?17,??(2) Cr eq=Cr+1.5 Si+Mo?5 B,??(3) Ni eq=Ni+30 (C+N)+0.5 Mn??(4) Herein, each symbol of a chemical element designates the content (mass %) of relevant chemical element contained in steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2007
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Ishida, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Takeo Yazawa, Hideaki Yamamoto, Hideo Morisaki
  • Patent number: 6939415
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel excellect in high temperature strength and creep rupture ducitility which comprises, on the percent by mass basis, C: 0.03-0.12%, Si: 0.2-2%, Mn: 0.1-3%, P: 0.03% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Ni: more than 18% and less than 25%, Cr: more than 22% and less than 30%, Co: 0.04-0.8%, Ti: 0.002% or more and less than 0.01%, Nb: 0.1-1%, V: 0.01-1%, B: more than 0.0005% and 0.2% or less, sol. Al: 0.0005% or more and less than 0.03%, N: 0.1-0.35% and O (Oxygen): 0.001-0.008%, with the balance being Fe and impurities. The austenitic stainless steel may contain a specified amount of one or more element(s) of Mo and W, and/or a specified amount of one or more element(s) of Mg, Zr, Ca, REM, Pd and Hf.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2005
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsuro Iseda, Hiroyuki Semba
  • Patent number: 6926778
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel suited for ultra supercritical boilers, which consists of C: 0.03-0.12%, Si: 0.1-1%, Mn: 0.1-2%, Cr: not less than 20% but less than 28%, Ni: more than 35% but not more than 50%, W: 4-10%, Ti: 0.01-0.3%, Nb: 0.01-1%, sol. Al: 0.0005-0.04%, B: 0.0005-0.01%, and the balance Fe and impurities; and also characterized by the impurities whose contents are restricted to P: not more than 0.04%, S: not more than 0.010%, Mo: less than 0.5%, N: less than 0.02%, and O (oxygen): not more than 0.005%. Heat resistant pressurized parts excellent in thermal fatigue properties and structural stability at high temperatures, which have a coarse grain whose grain size number is 6 or less, and whose mixed grain ratio is 10% or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2005
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsuro Iseda, Hiroyuki Semba
  • Patent number: 6918968
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel excellent in high temperature strength, high temperature ductility and hot workability, consisting of, by mass %, C: more than 0.05% to 0.15%, Si: 2% or less, Mn: 0.1 to 3%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Cr: more than 20% to less than 28%, Ni: more than 15% to 55%, Cu: more than 2% to 6%, Nb: 0.1 to 0.8%, V: 0.02 to 1.5%, sol. Al: 0.001 to 0.1%, but sol.Al?0.4×N, N: more than 0.05% to 0.3% and O (Oxygen): 0.006% or less, but O?1/(60×Cu), and the balance Fe and impurities. The austenitic stainless steel may contain at least one of Co, Mo, W, Ti, B, Zr, Hf, Ta, Re, Ir, Pd, Pt and Ag, and/or at least one of Mg, Ca, Y, La, Ce, Nd and Sc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Semba, Masaaki Igarashi
  • Patent number: 6918967
    Abstract: An austenitic alloy having improved ductility/processability and improved pitting and crevice corrosion resistance comprising, in % by weight, about: 25-30% Ni; 19-23% Cr; 6-8% Mo; 0.3-0.5% N; 0.5% Mn; 0-1.5% Cu; 0-0.2% C; 0-1% Al; 0-0.01% S; 0-1% Ti; 0-1% Si; up to trace amounts of Mg, Ca, and Ce; and balance Fe plus incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: Huntington Alloys Corporation
    Inventors: James R. Crum, Frances S. Suarez, Sarwan K. Mannan, Vernon W. Hartmann
  • Publication number: 20040244873
    Abstract: A steel strip made of martensitic steel contains C+N at not more than 0.12 wt %, Si at not more than 1 wt %, Mn at not more than 7 wt %, Ni at 2 to 24 wt %, Cr at 2 to 16 wt %, Mo at not more than 2.5 wt %, and Ni-Bal value and Ms value defined by the following equations shown by weight percentage of each composition are respectively Ni-Bal≧1.2, Ms≧−28.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2004
    Publication date: December 9, 2004
    Inventor: Kazuo Ishii
  • Publication number: 20040184945
    Abstract: An iron based brazing material for joining objects by brazing represents an alloy, which apart from iron contains 0-40% Cr, preferably 9-30% Cr, 0-16% Mn, preferably 0-8% Mn, and even more preferably 0-5% Mn, 0-25% Ni, 0-1% N and maximally 7% Mo, below 6% Si and/or 0-2% B, preferably 0-1.5% B and/or 0-15% P, all stated in weight percent, which addition of B, P, Si in combination or separately lowers the liquidus temperature, that is the temperature at which the brazing material is completely melted. A brazed product is manufactured by brazing of iron based objects with an iron based brazing material which is alloyed with a liquidus lowering element as B and/or P and/or Si.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 27, 2004
    Publication date: September 23, 2004
    Inventor: Per Erik Sjodin
  • Patent number: 6749697
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a duplex stainless steel alloy with austenite-ferrite structure, which in hot extruded and annealed finish shows high strength, good corrosion resistance, as well as good weldability which is characterized in that the alloy contains in weight-% max 0.05% C, 0-2.0% Si 0-3.0% Mn, 25-35% Cr, 4-10% Ni, 2-6% Mo, 0.3-0.6% N, as well as Fe and normally occurring impurities and additions, whereby the content of ferrite is 30-70%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2004
    Assignee: Sandvik AB
    Inventors: Örjan Bergström, Pasi Kangas, Mattias Klockars, Guocai Chai
  • Publication number: 20040099354
    Abstract: A high-strength steel wire for heat-resistant springs has both excellent high-temperature tensile strength and excellent high-temperature sag resistance at a temperature as high as 350 to 500° C., particularly at 400° C. or so (these properties are needed for spring materials). The steel wire contains (a) 0.01 to 0.08 wt % C, 0.18 to 0.25 wt % N, 0.5 to 4.0 wt % Mn, 16 to 20 wt % Cr, and 8.0 to 10.5 wt % Ni, (b) at least one constituent selected from the group consisting of 0.1 to 3.0 wt % Mo, 0.1 to 2.0 wt % Nb, 0.1 to 2.0 wt % Ti and 0.3 to 2.0 wt % Si, and (c) mainly Fe and unavoidable impurities both of which constitute the remainder. The steel wire has (a) a tensile strength of at least 1,300 N/mm2 and less than 2,000 N/mm2 before being treated with low-temperature annealing, and (b) a maximum crystal-grain diameter of less than 12 &mgr;m in the &ggr; phase (austenite) in a transverse cross section of the wire.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2003
    Publication date: May 27, 2004
    Inventors: Hiromu Izumida, Nozomu Kawabe, Teruyuki Murai
  • Patent number: 6632395
    Abstract: This invention relates to a high-strength, austenitic, stainless steel, and to a method of its production. A method of producing a high-strength, austenitic, stainless steel characterised by air-melting a feedstock of super austenitic stainless steel, introducing nitrogen at 1520° C. to 1540° C. by way of electrolytic manganese containing 6 wt % nitrogen, then low carbon ferro-chrome, adding boron when the other two alloys have been fully absorbed into the molten bath, allowing the bath to cool, casting the metal at 1480° C. to 1495° C., and subsequently subjecting the castings or metal to a solution heat-treatment at 1400° C. to 1160° C. A further aspect of the invention is a high-strength, austenitic stainless steel characterised by the following chemical composition by wt %: Carbon 0.005 to 0.030 Silicon 0.03 to 1.00 Manganese 3.50 to 9.00 Phosphorous less than 0.025 Sulphur less than 0.01 Chromium 23.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2003
    Assignee: The Village Partnership LLP
    Inventor: Trevor John Machin
  • Publication number: 20020102178
    Abstract: A high-strength austenitic stainless steel strip excellent in flatness of shape with Vickers hardness of 400 or more is newly proposed, which has the composition consisting of C up to 0.20 mass %, Si up to 4.0 mass %, Mn up to 5.0 mass %, 4.0-12.0 mass % Ni, 12.0-20.0 mass % Cr, Mo up to 5.0 mass %, N up to 0.15 mass % and the balance being Fe except inevitable impurities under the condition that a value Md(N) defined by the formula (1) is in a range of 0-125. It has a dual-phase structure of austenite and martensite involving reverse-transformed austenite at a ratio of 3 vol. % or more. It is manufactured by solution-heating a steel strip having the composition, cold-rolling the steel strip to generate deformation-induced martensite, and then re-heating at 500-700° C. to induce reversion. The reversion effectively flattens a shape of the steel strip.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2001
    Publication date: August 1, 2002
    Applicant: Nisshin Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Naoto Hiramatsu, Kouki Tomimura, Hiroshi Fujimoto, Kenichi Morimoto
  • Patent number: 6409847
    Abstract: The invention relates to an alloy steel with 0.3 to 1.0% carbon, 0.2 to 2.5% silicon, up to 0.8% manganese, 30.0 to 48.0% nickel, 16.0 to 22.0% chromium, 0.5 to 18.0% cobalt, 1.5 to 4% molybdenum, 0.2 to 0.6% niobium, 0.1 to O.5% titanium, 0.1 to 0.6% zirconium, 0.1 to 1.5% tantalum and 0.1 to 1.5% hafnium, balance more than 20% iron when the cobalt content is at least 10% and more than 30% iron when the cobalt content is less than 10%. The steel is particularly suitable for use as a heat resistant and high hot strength material for parts, in particular pipes, of petrochemical cracking furnaces for the production of ethylene or synthesis gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignee: Schmidt & Clemens GmbH & Co.
    Inventor: Willi Kleemann
  • Publication number: 20020015655
    Abstract: The newly proposed austenitic stainless steel has composition consisting of (C+½N) up to 0.060 mass %, Si up to 1.0 mass %, Mn up to 5 mass %, S up to 0.006 mass %, 15-20 mass % Cr, 5-12 mass % Ni, Cu up to 5 mass %, 0-3.0 mass % Mo and the balance being Fe except inevitable impurities under the condition that a value Md3O (representing a ratio of a strain-induced martensite) defined by the under-mentioned formula is controlled within a range of −60 to −10. Hardness increase of the steel sheet after being cold-rolled is preferably 20% or more as Vickers hardness. A metallurgical structure of the steel sheet is preferably adjusted to grain size number of #8 to #11 in a finish annealed state. The steel sheet is blanked with high dimensional accuracy, and a die life is also prolonged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2001
    Publication date: February 7, 2002
    Inventors: Satoshi Suzuki, Takashi Igawa, Hiroshi Fujimoto, Naoto Hiramatsu
  • Patent number: 5976275
    Abstract: The present invention aims at providing structural materials having a resistance to degradation by neutron irradiation, causing no SCC in an environment of light-water reactors even after subjecting the materials to neutron irradiation of approximately at least 1.times.10.sup.22 n/cm.sup.2 (E>1 MeV), and having thermal expansion coefficients approximately similar to that of structural materials. The high nickel austenitic stainless steels of the present invention having a resistance to degradation by neutron irradiation can be produced by subjecting stainless steels having compositions (by weight %) of 0.005 to 0.08% of carbon, at most 0.3% of Mn, at most 0.2% of (Si+P+S), 25 to 40% of Ni, 25 to 40% of Cr, at most 3% of Mo or at most 5% of (Mo+W), at most 0.3% of Nb+Ta, at most 0.3% of Ti, at most 0.001% of B and the balance of Fe to a solution-annealing treatment at a temperature of 1000 to 1150.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1999
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Toshio Yonezawa, Toshihiko Iwamura, Hiroshi Kanasaki, Koji Fujimoto, Shizuo Nakada, Kazuhide Ajiki, Mitsuhiro Nakamura
  • Patent number: 5569334
    Abstract: Stainless steel member for semiconductor fabrication equipment having a passive state coating on the surface of the stainless steel comprising, in weight percent, 0.1% or less of C, 2.0% or less of Si, 3.0% or less of Mn, 10% or more of Ni, 15 to 25% of Cr, 1.5 to 4.5% of Mo, 0.5% or less of one or more rare earth element and Fe for substantially the whole remainder. Said passive state coating has a pitting potential of at least 900 mV (when the current density of the anode polarization curve determined with a potentiostat in 3.5% aqueous sodium chloride solution is 10 .mu.A/cm.sup.2) and has a thickness of 0.5 to 20 nm. The invention also includes a surface treatment method for the stainless steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsunehiro Kawata, Katsuhiko Kojo, Youichiro Kazama, Takayuki Fukaya, Toshihiko Tsujimura
  • Patent number: 5529604
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a modified stainless steel powder composition from which moldings can be formed. The modified stainless steel powder composition comprises from about 1% to about 3% by weight of tin, from about 0.5% to about 1.5% by weight of an additive consisting essentially of from about 2% to about 30% by weight tin and the balance consisting essentially of at least one element selected from copper and nickel, and the balance essentially a stainless steel powder. A process for forming the modified stainless steel powder composition is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 25, 1996
    Assignee: AMETEK, Specialty Metal Products Division
    Inventor: John H. Reinshagen
  • Patent number: 5494636
    Abstract: The invention provides a steel containing by weight 23% .ltoreq.Cr.ltoreq.28%; 15%.ltoreq.Ni.ltoreq.28%; 0.5%.ltoreq.Mn.ltoreq.6%; 3%.ltoreq.Mo.ltoreq.8%; 0.35%.ltoreq.N.ltoreq.0.8%; and 1%.ltoreq.W.ltoreq.5%. The steel has a high resistance to corrosion and may be used for manufacturing massive parts for any application, in particular for manufacturing equipment for oil platforms and chemical works, containers for transporting corrosive products, ship hulls and ply sheets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1996
    Assignees: Creusot-Loire Industrie, Tecphy
    Inventors: Francois Dupoiron, Jean-Christophe Gagnepain, Richard Cozar, Bernard Mayonobe
  • Patent number: 5480609
    Abstract: The steel contains, in proportions by weight, from 20 to 30% of chromium, from 25 to 32% of nickel, from 3 to 7% of molybdenum, from 0.35 to 0.8% of nitrogen, from 0.5 to 5.4% of manganese, up to 0.06% of carbon and up to 1% of silicon. Because of its multifariousness of corrosion resistance the steel can be employed in particular for the manufacture of equipment for removing pollutants from fumes, of equipment for the paper pulp industry, for the chemical industry or for petroleum exploitation, for seawater plants and for the manufacture of tankers for transporting corrosive products. The steel has a very high structural stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1996
    Assignee: Creusot-Loire Industrie
    Inventors: Francois Dupoiron, Jean-Christophe Gagnepain, Michel Verneau
  • Patent number: 5474737
    Abstract: An alloy comprising nickel, chromium, molybdenum, manganese, nitrogen and iron in amounts such that a weld metal formed therefrom is austenitic, wherein nitrogen is present in a concentration of from about 0.1 to about 0.2% of the alloy in weight percent. The weld metals prepared from the alloys of the present invention possess superior properties as compared to other stainless steels. These properties include inter alia a superior tearing modulus, fracture toughness, and yield strength, even at cryogenic temperatures.The present invention further provides a method for welding a metal part which is intended for exposure to cryogenic temperatures comprising welding the metal part using a welding electrode comprising nickel, chromium, molybdenum, manganese, nitrogen and iron in amounts such that a weld metal formed therefrom is austenitic, wherein nitrogen is present in the electrode in a concentration of from about 0.1 to about 0.2% of the electrode in weight percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Commerce
    Inventors: Thomas A. Siewert, Christopher N. McCowan
  • Patent number: 5340534
    Abstract: An austenitic, stainless steel alloy having a good combination of galling resistance and corrosion resistance is disclosed containing in weight percent about:______________________________________ Broad Intermediate Preferred ______________________________________ C 0.25 max. 0.02-0.15 0.05-0.12 Mn 3-10 4-8 5-7 Si 2.25-5 2.5-4.5 3-4 Cr 15-23 16.5-21 17.5-19 Ni 2-12 4-10 6-9 Mo 0.5-4.0 0.5-2.5 0.75-1.5 N 0.35 max. 0.05-0.25 0.10-0.20 ______________________________________and the balance of the alloy is essentially iron. This alloy also has good resistance to formation of deformation-induced martensite as indicated by the alloy's low work-hardening rate and low magnetic permeability when cold-rolled to a 50% reduction in cross-sectional area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: CRS Holdings, Inc.
    Inventor: John H. Magee
  • Patent number: 5141705
    Abstract: The invention relates to an austenitic stainless steel having a high tensile strength, a high impact strength, a good weldability and a high corrosion resistance, particularly a high resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion. The steel contains in weight-%:max 0.08 Cmax 1.0 Simore than 0.5 but less than 6 Mnmore than 19 but not more than 28 Crmore than 17 but not more than 25 Nimore than 7 but not more than 10 Mo0.4-0.7 Nfrom traces up to 2 Cu0-0.2 Cebalance essentially only iron, impurities and accessory elements in normal amounts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Avesta Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Peter Stenvall, Mats Liljas, Bengt Wallen
  • Patent number: 5089224
    Abstract: Resulphurized austenitic stainless steel with improved machinability, characterized in that its weight composition is the following:carbon lower than or equal to 0.15%silicon lower than or equal to 2%manganese lower than or equal to 2%molybdenum lower than or equal to 3%nickel between 7 and 12%chromium between 15 and 25%sulphur between 0.10 and 0.40%calcium higher than or equal to 30.times.10.sup.-4 %oxygen higher than or equal to 70.times.10.sup.-4 %the ratio of the calcium content and of the oxygen content Ca/O being between 0.2 and 0.6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1992
    Assignee: Ugine Savoie
    Inventors: Olivier Bletton, Roger Duet, Marc Henry, Jean-Yves Cogne
  • Patent number: 5024812
    Abstract: Single-phase, austenitic, stainless alloys which comprise, by weight, from about 13% to about 20% Ni, from about 13% to about 15% Cr, from about 7% to about 9% Mo, from about 0.5% to about 3.5% Cu, from about 0.06% to about 0.25% N, from about 0.2%, preferably from about 1%, up to about 4.5% Mn, up to about 0.08% C, up to about 2% Si, up to a total amount of about 1% of the common carbide-stabilizing elements columbium, tantalum and titanium, and the balance essentially iron, plus the usual impurities encountered in ordinary commercial steelmaking practice and found in common ferroalloys, scraps and melting materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1991
    Assignee: Carondelet Foundry Company
    Inventor: John H. Culling
  • Patent number: 5021215
    Abstract: A high-strength, heat-resistant steel with improved formability is disclosed, which consists essentially of, by weight %:______________________________________ C: 0.05-0.30%, Si: not greater than 3.0%, Mn: not greater than 10%, Cr: 15-35%, Ni: 15-50%, Mg: 0.001-0.02%, B: 0-0.01%, Zr: 0-0.10%, Ti: 0-1.0%, Nb: 0-2.0%, Al: 0-1.0%, and Mo: 0-3.0%, W: 0-6.0%, (Mo + 1/2 W = 3.0% or less) ______________________________________a balance of Fe and incidental impurities, of the impurities, oxygen and nitrogen being restricted to 50 ppm or less and 200 ppm or less, respectively, and the austenite grain size number being restricted to No. 4 or coarser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1991
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshiatsu Sawaragi, Nobuyuki Maruyama
  • Patent number: 4996038
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for the recovery of heat from a sulfuric acid process are provided. Sulfur trioxide is absorbed into hot concentrated sulfuric acid, acid having a concentration greater than 98% and less than 101% and a temperature greater than 120.degree. C., in a heat recovery tower and the heat created by the exothermic reaction is recovered in a useful form in a heat exchanger. Gas leaving the primary heat recovery absorption zone is cooled by contact with sulfuric acid in a secondary absorption and cooling zone located above the primary absorption zone in the tower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 26, 1991
    Assignee: Monsanto Company
    Inventors: Donald R. McAlister, Steven A. Ziebold
  • Patent number: 4818484
    Abstract: A large, austenitic, non-magnetic, stainless steel, alloy article which has been significantly warm worked between about 1500 F. and 1650 F. but not subsequently annealed, which has a 0.2% yield strength of at least about 90 ksi, and which, when formed into a U-bend, does not undergo stress corrosion cracking within about 700 hours in boiling saturated aqueous sodium chloride containing 2 weight percent (w/o) ammonium bisulfite. The alloy of the article consists essentially of about:______________________________________ Elements w/o ______________________________________ C 0.1 Max. Mn 1-11 Si 0.6 Max. Cr 18-23 Ni 14-25 Mo 2.5-6.5 Cu 2 Max. B .01 Max. N 0.15 Min. C + N .gtoreq. ##STR1## ______________________________________and the balance is essentially iron. A preferred alloy for this article contains about: ______________________________________ Elements w/o ______________________________________ C .02 Max. Mn 3.0-9.0 Si 0.5 Max. Cr 18-23 Ni 15-22 Mo 2.5-6.5 N 0.20 Min. 3 Mo + Cr .gtoreq. 29.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: Carpenter Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Terry A. DeBold, John H. Magee, Jr., Norman B. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 4818483
    Abstract: An air-meltable, workable, castable, weldable, machinable, nonmagnetic alloy resistant to seawater and corrosive process fluids of the type that may be circulated in seawater-cooled heat exchangers. The alloy consists essentially of between about 3% and about 8% by weight manganese, between about 12% and about 28% by weight nickel, between about 17.3% and about 19% by weight chromium, between about 0.68% and about 3.51% by weight copper, between about 0.07% and about 0.25% by weight nitrogen, between about 5.9% and about 8% by weight molybdenum, up to about 0.08% by weight carbon, up to about 1.5% by weight silicon, up to about 0.66% by weight niobium, up to about 1.32% by weight tantalum, up to about 1% by weight vanadium, up to about 1% by weight titanium, up to about 0.6% by weight of a rare earth component selected from the group consisting of cerium, lanthanum, and misch metal, up to about 5% by weight cobalt, and between about 30% and about 56% by weight iron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: Carondelet Foundry Company
    Inventor: John H. Culling
  • Patent number: 4803045
    Abstract: Novel wear-resistant, anti-galling, cobalt-free hardfacing iron based alloys are provided which are useful for construction of plant or manufacturing facility components exposed to aggressive environments. The alloys are particularly useful to construct components used in the cooling systems of nuclear power plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1989
    Assignee: Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.
    Inventors: Evan K. Ohriner, Edward P. Whelan, Tsuguyasu Wada, Howard Ocken
  • Patent number: RE41504
    Abstract: A CF8C type stainless steel alloy and articles formed therefrom containing about 18.0 weight percent to about 22.0 weight percent chromium and 11.0 weight percent to about 14.0 weight percent nickel; from about 0.05 weight percent to about 0.15 weight percent carbon; from about 2.0 weight percent to about 10.0 weight percent manganese; and from about 0.3 weight percent to about 1.5 weight percent niobium. The present alloys further include less than 0.15 weight percent sulfur which provides high temperature strength both in the matrix and at the grain boundaries without reducing ductility due to cracking along boundaries with continuous or nearly-continuous carbides. The disclosed alloys also have increased nitrogen solubility thereby enhancing strength at all temperatures because nitride precipitates or nitrogen porosity during casting are not observed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Philip J. Maziasz, Tim McGreevy, Michael James Pollard, Chad W. Siebenaler, Robert W. Swindeman