Group Iv Or V Transition Metal Containing Patents (Class 420/54)
  • Patent number: 11041232
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel is provided which has a chemical composition that consists, by mass %, of: C: 0.015% or less, Si: 1.00% or less, Mn: 2.00% or less, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.030% or less, Cr: 16.0% or more and less than 22.0%, Ni: 11.0 to 16.0%, Mo: 2.5 to 5.0%, N: 0.07% or more and less than 0.15%, Nb: 0.20 to 0.50%, Al: 0.005 to 0.040%, Sn: 0 to 0.080%, Zn: 0 to 0.0060%, Pb: 0 to 0.030%, and the balance: Fe and impurities, and that satisfies the formula [MoSS/Mo?0.98] (MoSS: Mo amount dissolved in the steel).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2021
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Masahiro Seto, Masayuki Sagara, Kenta Yamada, Takahiro Osuki
  • Patent number: 10982304
    Abstract: The present invention provides a Co-free heat-resistant alloy for a hearth metal member that has properties superior to or equal to those of Co-containing heat resistant steel. The heat-resistant alloy for a hearth metal member according to the present invention is a heat-resistant alloy used in a hearth metal member of a steel heating furnace, the heat resistant alloy containing: 0.05% to 0.5% of C; more than 0% and 0.95% or less of Si, where 0.05%?C+Si?1.0%; more than 0% and 1.0% or less of Mn; 40% to 50% of Ni; 25% to 35% of Cr; 1.0% to 3.0% of W; and 10% or more of Fe and inevitable impurities as the balance, with all percentages being in mass %. The heat-resistant alloy for a hearth metal member may further contain 0.05% to 0.5% of Ti and/or 0.02% to 1.0% of Zr, with all percentages being in mass %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2021
    Assignee: KUBOTA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yohei Enjo, Motoyuki Matsubara, Yuki Hayase
  • Patent number: 9745648
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a new metal powder which is useful for coating cast iron parts. The invention also relates to a method for coating cast iron parts by using the new metal powder. Of special importance is the possibility to use the metal powder for coating the surfaces of glass moulds. The invention also relates to metal parts, such as cast iron parts, or glass moulds which are coated by the metal powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: HÖGANÄS AB (PUBL)
    Inventors: Peter Olsérius, Barbara Maroli
  • Publication number: 20150010425
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel, which consists of by mass percent, C: not more than 0.02%, Si: not more than 1.5%, Mn: not more than 2%, Cr: 17 to 25%, Ni: 9 to 13%, Cu: more than 0.26% not more than 4%, N: 0.06 to 0.35%, sol. Al: 0.008 to 0.03%. One or more elements selected from Nb, Ti, V, TA, Hf, and Zr in controlled amounts can be included with the balance being Fe and impurities. P, S, Sn, As, Zn, Pb and Sb among the impurities are controlled as P: 0.006 to 0.04%, S: 0.0004 to 0.03%, Sn: 0.001 to 0.1%, As: not more than 0.01%, Zn: not more than 0.01%, Pb: not more than 0.01% and Sb: not more than 0.01%. The amounts of S, P, Sn, As, Zn, Pb and Sb and the amounts of Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf, and Ti are further controlled using formulas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2014
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Takahiro OSUKI, Kazuhiro OGAWA, Hiroyuki HIRARA, Yoshitaka NISHIYAMA
  • Patent number: 8865060
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel, which consists of by mass percent, C: not more than 0.02%, Si: not more than 1.5%, Mn: not more than 2%, Cr: 17 to 25%, Ni: 9 to 13%, Cu: more than 0.26% not more than 4%, N: 0.06 to 0.35%, sol. Al: 0.008 to 0.03%. One or more elements selected from Nb, Ti, V, TA, Hf, and Zr in controlled amounts can be included with the balance being Fe and impurities. P, S, Sn, As, Zn, Pb and Sb among the impurities are controlled as P: 0.006 to 0.04%, S: 0.0004 to 0.03%, Sn: 0.001 to 0.1%, As: not more than 0.01%, Zn: not more than 0.01%, Pb: not more than 0.01% and Sb: not more than 0.01%. The amounts of S, P, Sn, As, Zn, Pb and Sb and the amounts of Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf, and Ti are further controlled using formulas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Takahiro Osuki, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Hiroyuki Hirata, Yoshitaka Nishiyama
  • Publication number: 20140255245
    Abstract: A component for turbocharger applications, in particular in diesel engines, made of an iron-based alloy having an austenitic base structure which has a carbide structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Inventors: Gerald Schall, Ingo Dietrich, Melanie Gabel, Munevera Kulin
  • Patent number: 8815146
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy, consists essentially of, in weight percent 2.5 to 4 Al; 25 to 35 Ni; 12 to 19 Cr; at least 1, up to 4 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta; 0.5 to 3 Ti; less than 0.5 V; 0.1 to 1 of at least on element selected from the group consisting of Zr and Hf; 0.03 to 0.2 C; 0.005 to 0.1 B; and base Fe. The weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni. The alloy forms an external continuous scale including alumina, and contains coherent precipitates of ??-Ni3Al, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure. The austenitic matrix is essentially delta-ferrite-free and essentially BCC-phase-free.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Yukinori Yamamoto, Govindarajan Muralidharan, Michael P. Brady
  • Publication number: 20140056751
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless cast steel having a volume fraction of a ferrite phase of 0.1-5.0%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: Kubota Corporation
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Sakamoto, Makoto Hineno
  • Publication number: 20130266477
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy, consists essentially of, in weight percent 2.5 to 4 Al; 25 to 35 Ni; 12 to 19 Cr; at least 1, up to 4 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta; 0.5 to 3 Ti; less than 0.5 V; 0.1 to 1 of at least on element selected from the group consisting of Zr and Hf; 0.03 to 0.2 C; 0.005 to 0.1 B; and base Fe. The weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni. The alloy forms an external continuous scale including alumina, and contains coherent precipitates of ??—Ni3Al, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure. The austenitic matrix is essentially delta-ferrite-free and essentially BCC-phase-free.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: UT-BATTELLE, LLC
    Inventors: Yukinori YAMAMOTO, Govindarajan MURALlDHARAN, Michael P. BRADY
  • Patent number: 8431072
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy consisting essentially of, in terms of weight percent ranges 0.15-0.5C; 8-37Ni; 10-25Cr; 2.5-5Al; greater than 0.6, up to 2.5 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta; up to 3Mo; up to 3Co; up to 1W; up to 3Cu; up to 15Mn; up to 2Si; up to 0.15B; up to 0.05P; up to 1 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Y, La, Ce, Hf, and Zr; <0.3Ti+V; <0.03N; and, balance Fe, where the weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni, and wherein the alloy forms an external continuous scale comprising alumina, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure, the austenitic matrix being essentially delta-ferrite free and essentially BCC-phase-free. A method of making austenitic stainless steel alloys is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Govindarajan Muralidharan, Yukinori Yamamoto, Michael P. Brady
  • Publication number: 20120301347
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy consisting essentially of, in terms of weight percent ranges 0.15-0.5C; 8-37Ni; 10-25Cr; 2.5-5Al; greater than 0.6, up to 2.5 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta; up to 3Mo; up to 3Co; up to 1W; up to 3Cu; up to 15Mn; up to 2Si; up to 0.15B; up to 0.05P; up to 1 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Y, La, Ce, Hf, and Zr; <0.3Ti+V; <0.03N; and, balance Fe, where the weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni, and wherein the alloy forms an external continuous scale comprising alumina, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure, the austenitic matrix being essentially delta-ferrite free and essentially BCC-phase-free. A method of making austenitic stainless steel alloys is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Applicant: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Govindarajan MURALIDHARAN, Yukinori Yamamoto, Michael P. Brady
  • Publication number: 20120171070
    Abstract: A alloy and a process of forming a alloy are disclosed. The alloy has a predetermined grain boundary morphology. The alloy includes by weight greater than about 0.06 percent carbon, up to about 0.0015 percent sulfur, less than about 16 percent chromium, between about 39 percent and about 44 percent nickel, between about 2.5 percent and about 3.3 percent niobium, between about 1.4 percent and about 2 percent titanium, up to about 0.5 percent aluminum, up to about 0.006 percent boron, up to about 0.3 percent copper, up to about 0.006 percent nitrogen, and greater than about 0.5 percent molybdenum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 3, 2011
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Ganjiang FENG, George A. GOLLER, Raymond Joseph STONITSCH, Jason R. PAROLINI, Shan LIU
  • Publication number: 20120141318
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel, which consists of by mass percent, C: not more than 0.02%, Si: not more than 1.5%, Mn: not more than 2%, Cr: 17 to 25%, Ni: 9 to 13%, Cu: more than 0.26% not more than 4%, N: 0.06 to 0.35%, sol. Al: 0.008 to 0.03%. One or more elements selected from Nb, Ti, V, TA, Hf, and Zr in controlled amounts can be included with the balance being Fe and impurities. P, S, Sn, As, Zn, Pb and Sb among the impurities are controlled as P: 0.006 to 0.04%, S: 0.0004 to 0.03%, Sn: 0.001 to 0.1%, As: not more than 0.01%, Zn: not more than 0.01%, Pb: not more than 0.01% and Sb: not more than 0.01%. The amounts of S, P, Sn, As, Zn, Pb and Sb and the amounts of Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf, and Ti are further controlled using formulas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Publication date: June 7, 2012
    Applicant: SUMITOMO METAL INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Takahiro OSUKI, Kazuhiro OGAWA, Hiroyuki HIRATA, Yoshitaka NISHIYAMA
  • Patent number: 8133431
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel, which comprises by mass %, C<0.04%, Si?1.5%, Mn?2%, Cr: 15 to 25%, Ni: 6 to 30%, N: 0.02 to 0.35%, sol. Al?0.03% and further contains one or more elements selected from Nb?0.5%, Ti?0.4%, V?0.4%, Ta?0.2%, Hf?0.2% and Zr?0.2%, with the balance being Fe and impurities, and among the impurities P?0.04%, S?0.03%, Sn?0.1%, As?0.01%, Zn?0.01%, Pb?0.01% and Sb?0.01%, and satisfy the conditions F1=S+{(P+Sn)/2}+{(As+Zn+Pb+Sb)/5}?0.0075 and 0.05?F2=Nb+Ta+Zr+Hf+2Ti+(V/10)?1.7?9×F1 has not only excellent liquation cracking resistance in the HAZ on the occasion of welding and excellent embrittling cracking resistance in the HAZ during a long period of use at high temperatures but also excellent polythionic acid SCC resistance and high temperature strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takahiro Osuki, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Hiroyuki Hirata, Yoshitaka Nishiyama
  • Publication number: 20110248071
    Abstract: Disclosed is an austenitic welding material which contains C: 0.01 wt % or less, Si: 0.5 wt % or less, Mn: 0.5 wt % or less, P: 0.005 wt % or less, S: 0.005 wt % or less, Ni: 15 to 40 wt %, Cr: 20 to 30 wt %, N: 0.01 wt % or less, 0: 0.01 wt % or less, and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein the content of B contained as one of the inevitable impurities in the welding material is 3 wt ppm or less, and the total content of C, P, S, N and O in the welding material is 0.02 wt % or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2009
    Publication date: October 13, 2011
    Applicants: JAPAN ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, KABUSHIKI KAISHA KOBE SEIKO SHO (KOBE STEEL, LTD.), KOBELCO RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INC.
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Kiuchi, Ikuo Ioka, Chiaki Kato, Nobutoshi Maruyama, Ichiro Tsukatani, Makoto Tanabe, Jumpei Nakayama
  • Patent number: 7959854
    Abstract: A heat resistant alloy comprising, in % by weight, over 0.6% to not more than 0.9% of C, up to 2.5% of Si, up to 3.0% of Mn, 20 to 28% of Cr, 8 to 55% of Ni, 0.01 to 0.8% of Ti and 0.05 to 1.5% of Nb, the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, the value of (Ti+Nb)/C being 0.12 to 0.29 in atomic % ratio. When the alloy further contains up to 0.5% of Zr, the value of (Ti+Nb+Zr)/C is 0.12 to 0.29 in atomic % ratio. When the alloy is heated at a temperature of at least about 800 degrees C., a fine Ti—Nb—Cr carbide or Ti—Nb—Zr—Cr carbide precipitates within grains to thereby retard creep deformation and give an improved creep rupture strength. The alloy is therefore suitable as a material for hydrogen production reforming tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: Kubota Corporation
    Inventors: Makoto Takahashi, Kunihide Hashimoto, Makoto Hineno
  • Patent number: 7754142
    Abstract: A high-carbon austenitic iron-base alloy with good corrosion and wear resistance, particularly useful for valve seat insert applications when corrosion resistance is required, comprises about 1.8-3.5 wt % carbon, about 12-24 wt % chromium, about 0.5-4 wt % silicon, about 12-25 wt % nickel, about 2-12 wt % molybdenum and tungsten combined, about 0.05-4 wt % niobium and vanadium combined, about 0-1 wt % titanium, about 0.01-0.2 wt % aluminum, about 0.05-3 wt % copper, and less than 1.5 wt % manganese, with the balance being iron and a small amount of impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Assignee: Winsert, Inc.
    Inventor: Xuecheng Liang
  • Publication number: 20100154939
    Abstract: By focusing on the non-diffusible hydrogen that causes hydrogen embrittlement of austenitic stainless steel, the present invention provides an austenitic stainless steel in which the non-diffusible hydrogen is removed by maintaining the austenitic stainless steel in a vacuum of 0.2 Pa or less and heating at a heating temperature of 200° C. to 500° C. for 460 hours or less to remove the hydrogen (H) contained therein to a level of 0.00007 mass % (0.7 mass ppm) or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2010
    Publication date: June 24, 2010
    Applicant: NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Yukitaka MURAKAMI, Saburo MATSUOKA, Yoji MINE, Toshihiko KANEZAKI
  • Patent number: 7731895
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel improved in creep strength, creep ductility, weldability and also hot workability. The steel, consisting of, by mass %, C: 0.05-0.15%, Si: not more than 2%, Mn: 0.1-3%, P: 0.05-0.30%, S: not more than 0.03%, Cr: 15-28%, Ni: 8-55%, Cu: 0-3.0%, Ti: 0.05-0.6%, REM: 0.001-0.5%, sol. Al: 0.001-0.1%, N: not more than 0.03%, and the balance being Fe and incidental impurities. This steel may contain one or more of Mo, W, B, Nb, V, Co, Zr, Hf, Ta, Mg and Ca. It is preferable that REM is Nd.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hirokazu Okada, Masaaki Igarashi, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Yasutaka Noguchi
  • Publication number: 20100116382
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel excellent in intergranular corrosion resistance and stress corrosion cracking resistance, comprising: C: 0.005 wt % or less; Si: 0.5 wt % or less; Mn: 0.5 wt % or less; P: 0.005 wt % or less; S: 0.005 wt % or less; Ni: 15.0 to 40.0 wt %, Cr: 20.0 to 30.0 wt %, N: 0.01 wt % or less; O: 0.01 wt % or less; and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein the content of B included in the inevitable impurities is 3 wt ppm or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2008
    Publication date: May 13, 2010
    Applicants: Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kobelco Research Institute, Inc., Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Kiuchi, Ikuo Ioka, Chiaki Kato, Nobutoshi Maruyama, Ichiro Tsukatani, Makoto Tanabe, Jumpei Nakayama
  • Publication number: 20100054983
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel, which comprises by mass %, C<0.04%, Si?1.5%, Mn?2%, Cr: 15 to 25%, Ni: 6 to 30%, N: 0.02 to 0.35%, sol. Al?0.03% and further contains one or more elements selected from Nb?0.5%, Ti?0.4%, V?0.4%, Ta?0.2%, Hf?0.2% and Zr?0.2%, with the balance being Fe and impurities, and among the impurities P?0.04%, S?0.03%, Sn?0.1%, As?0.01%, Zn?0.01%, Pb?0.01% and Sb?0.01%, and satisfy the conditions F1=S+{(P+Sn)/2}+{(As+Zn+Pb+Sb)/5}?0.0075 and 0.05?F2=Nb+Ta+Zr+Hf+2Ti+(V/10)?1.7?9×F1 has not only excellent liquation cracking resistance in the HAZ on the occasion of welding and excellent embrittling cracking resistance in the HAZ during a long period of use at high temperatures but also excellent polythionic acid SCC resistance and high temperature strength.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Publication date: March 4, 2010
    Inventors: Takahiro OSUKI, Kazuhiro OGAWA, Hiroyuki HIRATA, Yoshitaka NISHIYAMA
  • Patent number: 7651575
    Abstract: An Fe—Ni-based alloy that has improved wear resistance at high temperature over Ni-based superalloys is provided. The alloy is particularly useful for manufacturing engine exhaust valves and other high temperature engine components subjected to corrosion, wear and oxidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2010
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Maria K. Sawford, Shubhayu Sinharoy, Sundaram L. Narasimhan, Alojz Kajinic, Andrzej L. Wojcieszynski, Jeryl K. Wright
  • Publication number: 20090196783
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel welded joint, which comprises by mass %, C: 0.05 to 0.25%, Si: not more than 2%, Mn: 0.01 to 3%, P: 0.05 to 0.5%, S: not more than 0.03%, Cr: 15 to 30%, Ni: 6 to 55%, sol. Al: 0.001 to 0.1% and N: not more than 0.03%, with the balance being Fe and impurities, and satisfies the formula of (Cr+1.5×Si+2×P)/(Ni+0.31×Mn+22×C+14.2×N+5×P)?1.388, has high creep strength, and moreover, is economical and excellent in weldability. Therefore, the said austenitic stainless steel welded joint can be widely applied as steel pipes, steel plates and so on in such fields where not only high-temperature strength and corrosion resistance but also weldability is required. Each element symbol in the above formula represents the content by mass percent of the element concerned.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2009
    Publication date: August 6, 2009
    Inventors: Takahiro Osuki, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Hirokazu Okada, Masaaki Igarashi
  • Publication number: 20090162239
    Abstract: The martensitic stainless steel according to the invention includes, in percent by mass, 0.010% to 0.030% C, 0.30% to 0.60% Mn, at most 0.040% P, at most 0.0100% S, 10.00% to 15.00% Cr, 2.50% to 8.00% Ni, 1.00% to 5.00% Mo, 0.050% to 0.250% Ti, at most 0.25% V, at most 0.07% N, and at least one of at most 0.50% Si and at most 0.10% Al, the balance consists of Fe and impurities, and the martensitic stainless steel satisfies Expression (1) and has a yield stress in the range from 758 MPa to 862 MPa. In this way, the martensitic stainless steel has a yield stress of 110 ksi grade (a yield stress in the range from 758 MPa to 862 MPa) and the value produced by subtracting the yield stress from the tensile stress is not less than 20.7 MPa. 6.0?Ti/C?10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2009
    Publication date: June 25, 2009
    Inventors: Hideki TAKABE, Tomoki MORI, Masakatsu UEDA
  • Publication number: 20090098319
    Abstract: A heat resistant alloy comprising, in % by weight, over 0.6% to not more than 0.9% of C, up to 2.5% of Si, up to 3.0% of Mn, 20 to 28% of Cr, 8 to 55% of Ni, 0.01 to 0.8% of Ti and 0.05 to 1.5% of Nb, the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, the value of (Ti+Nb)/C being 0.12 to 0.29 in atomic % ratio. When the alloy further contains up to 0.5% of Zr, the value of (Ti+Nb+Zr)/C is 0.12 to 0.29 in atomic % ratio. When the alloy is heated at a temperature of at least about 800 degrees C., a fine Ti—Nb—Cr carbide or Ti—Nb—Zr—Cr carbide precipitates within grains to thereby retard creep deformation and give an improved creep rupture strength. The alloy is therefore suitable as a material for hydrogen production reforming tubes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2006
    Publication date: April 16, 2009
    Applicant: KUBOTA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Makoto Takahashi, Kunihide Hashimoto, Makoto Hineno
  • Patent number: 7455811
    Abstract: An iron based brazing material for joining objects by brazing represents an alloy, which apart from iron contains approximately 9-30% Cr, approximately 0-8% Mn, approximately 0-25% Ni, 0-1% N, a maximum of 7% Mo, less than about 6% Si, approximately 0-2% B and/or about 0-15% P, all stated in weight percent, which addition of Si, P, and B in combination or separately lowers the liquidus temperature, that is the temperature at which the brazing material is completely melted. A brazed product is manufactured by brazing of iron based objects with an iron based brazing material which is alloyed with a liquidus lowering element as Si, P and B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2008
    Assignee: Alfa Laval Corporate AB
    Inventor: Per Erik Sjodin
  • Patent number: 7442265
    Abstract: A heat-resistant cast steel excellent in high-temperature strength, aged ductility and creep rupture strength for use as a material for steam reforming reaction tubes in fuel cell hydrogen generation systems and the like. The cast steel has a chemical composition comprising, in mass %, 0.1 to 0.5% of C, up to 2.5% of Si, up to 2.5% of Mn, 15 to 26% of Cr, 8 to 23% of Ni, 0.1 to 1.2% of Nb, 0.01 to 1.0% of Ti, 0.001 to 0.15% of Ce, up to 0.06% of N and the balance substantially Fe, the cast steel being 20 to 45 in the parameter value P calculated from the expression: P=89.3?78.4C+0.1Si?5.7Mn?1.7Cr +0.01Ni+2Nb+5.3Ti?36.5N?50.8Ce. When desired, the steel contains at least one of 0.001 to 0.05% of B, 0.01 to 0.5% of Zr and 0.001 to 0.15% of La, and/or 0.01 to 0.3% of Al. Further when desired, the C, Cr and Ni contents are limited to 0.1 to 0.3% of C, 15 to 20% of Cr and 8 to 18% of Ni.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2008
    Assignee: Kubota Corporation
    Inventors: Makoto Takahashi, Kunihide Hashimoto
  • Publication number: 20080008617
    Abstract: An Fe—Ni-based alloy that has improved wear resistance at high temperature over Ni-based superalloys is provided. The alloy is particularly useful for manufacturing engine exhaust valves and other high temperature engine components subjected to corrosion, wear and oxidation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2007
    Publication date: January 10, 2008
    Inventors: Maria K. Sawford, Shubhayu Sinharoy, Sundaram L. Narasimhan, Alojz Kajinic, Andrzej L. Wojcieszynski, Jeryl K. Wright
  • Patent number: 7014720
    Abstract: The present invention provides an austenitic stainless steel tube with a uniform fine grained structure of regular grains, which is not changed to a coarse structure and the steam oxidation resistance is maintained even if the tube is subjected to a high temperature reheating during welding and high temperature bending working. The austenitic stainless steel tube consists of, by mass %, C: 0.03–0.12%, Si: 0.1–0.9%, Mn: 0.1–2%, Cr: 15–22%, Ni: 8–15%, Ti: 0.002–0.05%, Nb: 0.3–1.5%, sol. Al: 0.0005–0.03%, N: 0.005–0.2% and O (oxygen): 0.001–0.008%, and the balance Fe and impurities, the austenitic stainless steel tube having austenitic grain size number of 7 or more and a mixed grain ratio of preferably 10% or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2006
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Atsuro Iseda
  • Publication number: 20030231976
    Abstract: The present invention provides an austenitic stainless steel tube with a uniform fine grained structure of regular grains, which is not changed to a coarse structure and the steam oxidation resistance is maintained even if the tube is subjected to a high temperature reheating during welding and high temperature bending working. The austenitic stainless steel tube consists of, by mass %, C: 0.03-0.12%, Si: 0.1-0.9%, Mn: 0.1-2%, Cr: 15-22%, Ni: 8-15%, Ti: 0.002-0.05%, Nb: 0.3-1.5%, sol. Al: 0.0005-0.03%, N: 0.005-0.2% and O (oxygen): 0.001-0.008%, and the balance Fe and impurities, the austenitic stainless steel tube having austenitic grain size number of 7 or more and a mixed grain ratio of preferably 10% or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2003
    Publication date: December 18, 2003
    Inventor: Atsuro Iseda
  • Patent number: 6592685
    Abstract: The invention relates to a transformation controlled nitride precipitation hardening heat-treatable steel with the following composition (data in wt. %): 15-18 Cr, max. 0.5 Mn, 4-10 Ni, max. 15 Co, max. 4 W, max. 4 Mo, 0.5-1 V, at least one of Nb, Ta, Hf and Zr totaling between 0.001-0.1, 0.001-0.05 Ti, max. 0.5 Si, max. 0.05 C, 0.13-0.25 N, max. 4 Cu, rest iron and usual impurities, under the condition that the weight ratio of vanadium to nitrogen V/N is in the range between 3.5 and 4.2. The invention also relates to a heat treatment process for this steel. Very good strength, ductility and also corrosion resistance can be attained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2003
    Assignee: Alstom (Switzerland) Ltd
    Inventor: Alkan Goecmen
  • Patent number: 6511554
    Abstract: The present invention relates to stainless spheroidal carbide cast iron material is such: comprises iron (Fe) as its main component, C 0.6˜4.0% and V 4˜15% as its necessary components, P 0.01˜0.15%, S 0.01˜0.05% Al 0.05˜1.0%, and Mg 0.01˜0.2% as gas (hydrogen) bubble assistants, and Si 0.2˜4.5%, Cr 13˜30%, Mn 0.2˜3.0%, and Ni and/or Co 4˜15% as anticorrosion matrix formers, and according to the case of necessary, alloy elements 0.1˜1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2003
    Inventors: Yutaka Kawano, Shigenori Nishiuchi, Satoru Yamamoto, Seisuke Sugahara, Toshiyuki Kikuchi
  • Patent number: 6485679
    Abstract: A heat resistant austenitic stainless steel with high strength at elevated temperatures, good steam oxidation resistance, good fire side corrosion resistance, and a sufficient structural stability, suitable for use in boilers operating at high temperatures has a composition (by weight) of. 0.04 to 0.10% carbon (C), not more than 0.4% silicon (Si), not more than 0.6% manganese (MN), 20 to 27% chromium (Cr), 22.5 to 32% nickel (Ni), not more than 0.5% molybdenum (Mo), 0,20 to 0.60% niobium (Nb), 0.4 to 4.0% tungsten (W), 0.10 to 0.30% nitrogen (N), 0.002 to 0.008% boron (B), less than 0.05% aluminium (Al), at least one of the elements Mg and Ca in amounts less than 0.010% Mg and less than 0.010% Ca, and the balance being iron and inevitable impuities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2002
    Assignee: Sandvik AB
    Inventors: Ann Sundström, Goucai Chai
  • Patent number: 6406563
    Abstract: The present invention relates to stainless spheroidal carbide cast iron is such: comprises Fe as its main component;, C 0.6˜4.0% and V 4˜15% as its necessary components, P 0.01˜0.15%, S 0.01˜0.05%, and Al 0.05˜1.0% as bubble assistants, and Ni 4˜15%, Si 0.2˜4.5%, Cr 13˜30%, and Mn 0.2˜1.5% as anticorrosion matrix formers in weight %; produced by the process that minute spheroidal space of gas (hydrogen) bubble is dispersed substantially equally into molten metal positively by high temperature melting at 1950˜2073 K which is the bubbling reaction temperature, and spheroidal vanadium carbide of a covalent bond is crystallized inside of the spheroidal space, which has special characteristics such as corrosion-resistance, heat-resistance, abrasion-resistance, toughness and processing ability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2002
    Inventors: Yutaka Kawano, Shigenori Nishiuchi, Satoru Yamamoto, Seisuke Sugahara, Toshiyuki Kikuchi
  • Publication number: 20020061257
    Abstract: Disclosed is an austenitic stainless cast steel which has such a good heat resistance as can be used at a high temperature higher than 950° C. and a good machinability. The stainless cast steel consists essentially of, by weight %, C: 0.2-0.4%, Si: 0.5-2.0%, Mn: 0.5-2.0%, P: up to 0.10%, S: 0.04-0.2%, Ni: 8.0-42.0%, Cr: 15.0-28.0%, W: 0.5-7.0%, Nb: 0.5-2.0%, Al: up to 0.02%, Ti: up to 0.05%, N: up to 0.15%, Se: 0.001-0.50% and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2001
    Publication date: May 23, 2002
    Inventors: Shuji Hamano, Michio Okabe
  • Patent number: 6391254
    Abstract: An Fe—Cr—Ni alloy for electron gun electrodes comprises: 15 to 20% Cr; 9 to 15% Ni; 0.12% or less C; 0.005 to 1.0% Si; 0.005% to 2.5% Mn; 0.03% or less P; 0.0003 to 0.0100% S; 2.0% or less Mo; 0.001 to 0.2 % Al; 0.003% or less O; 0.1% or less N; 0.1% or less Ti; 0.1% or less Nb; 0.1% or less V; 0.1% or less Zr; 0.05% or less Ca; 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Assignee: Nippon Mining & Metals Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Toshiyuki Ono
  • Patent number: 6355212
    Abstract: The invention is directed to anti-corrosive alloys and relates in particular to an alloy containing cobalt, chromium, aluminum, yttrium, silicon, a metal from the second main group, together with the corresponding oxide, in the following proportions: chromium (Cr) 26.0-30%; aluminum (Al) 5.5-13.0%; yttrium (Y) 0.3-1.5%; silicon (Si) 1.5-4.5%; metal from the second main group (magnesium, calcium, barium, strontium) 0.1-2.0%; oxide of the corresponding metal from the second main group 0.1-2.0%; cobalt (Co) remaining percentage. Preferably, tantalum (Ta) is also added in a proportion of 0.5-4.0%, and the remaining percentage of cobalt is replaced by a remaining percentage of Me, Me being understood to mean a metal which may be nickel (Ni) or iron (Fe) or cobalt (Co) or a composition comprising Ni—Fe—Co, Ni—Fe, Ni—Co, Co—Fe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2002
    Assignee: Turbocoating SpA
    Inventor: Nelso Antolotti
  • Patent number: 6290905
    Abstract: A welding method for two members adapted to be welded and formed of a low-alloy steel for structural purposes causing the weld metal to develop martensite transformation during cooling after welding, so that the weld metal becomes expanded to a greater degree at room temperature than at a temperature at which the martensite transformation initiates. The welding material comprises a ferrous alloy containing C, Cr, Ni, Si, Mn, Mo and Nb, all of which meet substantially with the contents of the following equation (1): 170≦719−(795×C wt %)−(23.7×Cr wt %)−(26.5×Ni wt %)−(35.55×Si wt %)−(13.25×Mn wt %)−(23.7×Mo wt %)−(11.85×Nb wt %)<250  (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2001
    Assignee: Kawasaki Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Osamu Watanabe, Akihiko Ohta, Chiaki Shiga, Satoshi Nishijima
  • Patent number: 6146582
    Abstract: A new austenitic stainless steel alloy is provided (in wt. %) according to the following analysis:C: less than 0.12%;Si: less than 1.0%;Cr: 16-22%;Mn: less than 2.0%;Ni: 8-14%;Mo: less than 1.0%;S: less than 0.03%;O: less than 0.03%;N: less than 0.05%;La: between 0.02% and 0.11%; andone of the following:(i) Ti in an amount at least 4 times the amount of carbon and 0.80% or less, or(ii) Nb in an amount at least 8 times the amount of carbon and 1.0% or less;the remainder Fe and normally occurring impurities. The new steel is particularly suitable as a super heater steel and a heat exchanger steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2000
    Assignee: Sandvik AB
    Inventor: Johan Linden
  • Patent number: 5948182
    Abstract: A heat resisting steel consists essentially of 0.005-0.20% of C, 0.01-2.0% of Si, 0.1-2.0% of Mn, 20-30% of Ni, 10-20% of Cr, 3.0-4.5% of Ti and 0.1-0.7% of Al with the ratio Ti/Al being 5-20, and the balance being substantially Fe, which is excellent in the tensile properties at the room temperature and 700.degree. C., and the creep rupture properties at the temperature of 700.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shuji Hamano, Tomotaka Nagashima, Michio Okabe, Toshiharu Noda
  • Patent number: 5827476
    Abstract: A new austenitic stainless steel comprising in % by weight:C: <0.12,Si: <1.0,Cr: 16-22,Mn: <2.0,Ni: 8-14,Mo: <1.0,either Ti: >4% by weight of C and <0.8 or Nb: 8% by weight of C and <1.0,S: <0.03,O: <0.03,N: <0.05,REM: .ltoreq.0.30 and >0.10, and the remainder Fe and normally occurring impurities, REM being one or more of the elements Ce, La, Pr and Nd. The new steel is particularly suitable as a superheater steel and a heat exchanger steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: Sandvik AB
    Inventors: Johan Linden, Jonas Rosen
  • Patent number: 5779972
    Abstract: A heat resisting alloy of Fe--Cr--Ni type for exhaust valves, knit meshes for the catalyzer and the like which is low in price and excellent in high temperature properties, which consists essentially by weight percentage of C:0.01.about.0.10%, S:.ltoreq.2.0%, Mn .ltoreq.2.0%, Cr:14.about.18%, Nb+Ta:0.5.about.1.5%, Ti:2.0.about.3.0%, Al:0.8.about.1.5%, Ni:30.about.35%,B:0.001.about.0.01%, Ca+Mg:0.001.about.0.01%,Cu.ltoreq.0.5%, P.ltoreq.0.02%, S.ltoreq.0.01%, O.ltoreq.0.01%, N.ltoreq.0.01%, and the balance of Fe, additionally the total atomic percentage of Al, Ti, Nb and Ta:5.0.about.7.0%, and atomic percentage ratio of Ti/Al:1.0.about.1.5, and M-value calculated from the following equation .ltoreq.0.95;M=?0.717 Ni(at. %)+0.858 Fe(at. %)+1.142 Cr(at. %)+1.90 Al(at. %)+2.271 Ti(at. %)+2.117 Nb(at. %)+2.224 Ta(at. %)+1.001 Mn(at. %)+1.90 Si(at. %)!/100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Assignees: Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha, Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Toshiharu Noda, Michio Okabe, Katsuaki Sato, Tsutomu Saka
  • Patent number: 5753178
    Abstract: Austenitic stainless steel for use when hot, the chemical composition of which, by weight, includes from 16% to 25% of Ni, from 16% to 18.5% of Cr, from 0% to 3% of Mo, from 0% to 2% of Mn, from 1% to 3.5% of Ti, from 0% to 1.5% of Al, less than 0.1% of C+N, up to 0.025% of B, the remainder being iron and impurities resulting from the production; the chemical composition additionally satisfying the relations:(0.94.times.Ni-65.times.F)/(1-F).gtoreq.12and17.ltoreq.(1.07.times.Cr-1.5.times.F)/(1-F).ltoreq.22with:F=0.0444.times.Ti+0.0777.times.Al-0.0592.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1998
    Assignee: IMPHY S.A.
    Inventors: James Henry Davidson, Williams Mihoub
  • Patent number: 5660939
    Abstract: A chromium nickel silicon stainless steel alloy with improved wear resistance consists of, in weight percent, 19 to 22 chromium, 8.5 to 10.5 nickel, 5.25 to 5.75 silicon, 1.7 to 2.0 carbon, 8.0 to 9.0 niobium, 0.3 to 0.5 titanium and the balance iron plus impurities. The addition of titanium and increased amounts of niobium and silicon alter the microstructure of the stainless steel to form a duplex austenitic/ferritic microstructure which undergoes secondary hardening due to the formation of an iron silicon intermetallic phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 26, 1997
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce and Associates Limited
    Inventor: William B. Burdett
  • Patent number: 5501835
    Abstract: Exhaust equipment members are made of a heat-resistant, austenitic cast steel with excellent castability and machinability having a composition consisting essentially, by weight, of 0.2-1% of C, 2% or less of Si, 2% or less of Mn, 8-20% of Ni, 15-30% of Cr, 0.5-6% of Nb, 1-6% of W, 0.01-0.3% of N, optionally 0.01-0.5% of S, C--Nb/8 being 0.05-0.6% and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 26, 1996
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Rikizou Watanabe, Norio Takahashi, Hirofumi Kimura, Toshio Fujita
  • Patent number: 5393487
    Abstract: An austenitic steel alloy is provided having improved creep strength at high temperature. The improved creep strength performance is achieved by adding a limited amount of silicon to the steel alloy along with increased amounts of nitrogen and columbium, also known as niobium. The added columbium ties up the carbon in the alloy composition to prevent sensitization promotion and premature corrosion-fatigue failures. The resulting steel alloy provides improved strength, improved carburization resistance, and maintains good weldability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1995
    Assignee: J & L Specialty Products Corporation
    Inventors: Roy J. Matway, Michael F. McGuire, Jay Mehta
  • Patent number: 5340413
    Abstract: Fe-Ni based soft magnetic alloys having nanocrystalline particles substantially uniformly distributed throughout an amorphous matrix are disclosed. The soft magnetic alloys of the present invention may be represented by the general formula:(Fe.sub.1-x Ni.sub.x).sub.a M.sub.b (B.sub.1-y Si.sub.y).sub.cwhere M is a metal chosen from the group consisting of Mo, Cr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Ti, V, W, Zr. The quantity "x" is between about 0.2 and about 0.9; a is between about 60 and 90; b is between about 0.1 and 10; y is between 0 and 0.5; and c is between about 0.1 and about 30, with the stipulation that all the elements, plus impurities, add up to 100. Also described is a process for making the nanocrystalline alloys and for optimizing certain magnetic properties of said alloys via a two step anneal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: AlliedSignal Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald Martis
  • Patent number: 5242655
    Abstract: The invention relates to a high strength, vanadium-containing stainless steel alloy in which the amounts of the alloy elements have been balanced such that the austenite phase remains stable without being deformed into martensite even under large reductions. The steel alloy comprises 0.04-0.25% C, 0.1-2% Si, 2-15% Mn, 16-23% Cr, 8-14% Ni, 0.10-1.5% N, 0.1-2.5% V, the remainder being iron and normal impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1993
    Assignee: Sandvik A.B.
    Inventor: Hakan Holmberg
  • Patent number: 5194220
    Abstract: A heat-resistant, austenitic cast steel having a composition consisting essentially, by weight of: C: 0.15-0.60%, Si: 2.0% or less, Mn: 1.0% or less, Ni: 8.0-20.0%, Cr: 15.0-30.0%, W: 2.0-6.0%, Nb: 0.2-1.0%, B: 0.001-0.01%, and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities is disclosed. The austenitic cast steel of the invention is ideally suited for use in exhaust equipment members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1993
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Norio Takahashi, Toshio Fujita
  • Patent number: 5164270
    Abstract: An iron-based alloy with improved performance with exposure to oxygen-sulfur mixed gases with the alloy containing about 9-30 wt. % Cr and a small amount of Nb and/or Zr implanted on the surface of the alloy to diffuse a depth into the surface portion, with the alloy exhibiting corrosion resistance to the corrosive gases without bulk addition of Nb and/or Zr and without heat treatment at temperatures of 1000.degree.-1100.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventor: Krishnamurti Natesan