Control Element Is Fluid Pressure Sensitive Patents (Class 422/112)
  • Patent number: 10183089
    Abstract: A sterilization method for a medical instrument housed in a housing container includes a temperature-increasing step of housing the housing container in the autoclave and introducing high pressure steam into the autoclave to increase a temperature within the autoclave to a prescribed temperature, a cover sheet being thermally bonded to a peripheral wall portion of the container main body; a sterilizing step of holding the temperature within the autoclave at the prescribed temperature for a prescribed time to sterilize a medical instrument; and a cooling step of reducing the temperature within the autoclave. In the temperature-increasing step, the sterilizing step, and the cooling step, compressed gas is introduced into the autoclave under a steam atmosphere obtained by the introduction of the high pressure steam to increase a current pressure in the autoclave to higher than or equal to a pressure in the housing container and inhibit the cover sheet from peeling from the peripheral wall portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: TERUMO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Hikaru Kitamura
  • Patent number: 9722268
    Abstract: The present application is directed to gas generators comprising a fuel mixture and a catalyst. The catalyst is contained in a self-regulated reactor or buoy, and selectively opens and closes to produce a gas in accordance with the demand for gas. This fuel mixture is generally a solution formed by dissolving a solid fuel component in a liquid fuel component. The mixing preferably occurs before the first use, and more preferably occurs immediately prior to the first use. The inventive gas generators preferably further comprises a starting mechanism that isolates the solid fuel from the liquid fuel or vice versa before the first use. In one embodiment, the starting mechanism further comprises a catalyst shield mechanism that isolates the catalyst in the reactor or buoy from the liquid and/or the solid fuel prior to the first use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignees: Intelligent Energy Limited, The Commissariat a L'energie Atomique et Aux Energies Alternatives
    Inventors: Alain Rosenzweig, Andrew J. Curello, Constance R. Stepan, Michael Curello, Paul Spahr
  • Patent number: 9677444
    Abstract: A reductant supply system for an exhaust aftertreatment system is disclosed. The reductant supply system may include a controller configured to receive an engine system operation signal and transmit a reductant delivery signal in response to the engine system operation signal, an injector configured to dispense a reductant fluid into an exhaust gas flow of the exhaust aftertreatment system in response to the reductant delivery signal, and a pump configured to actuate between an off condition and an on condition in response to the reductant delivery signal. Furthermore, the reductant supply system may include a recycle line and a two-way valve positioned in the recycle line configured to actuate between a closed position and an open position in response to the reductant delivery signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin L. Dea, Brian M. Cole
  • Patent number: 9615880
    Abstract: An ablation device and a method of ablating a tissue are provided. The ablation device includes a tubular member having a proximal portion, a distal portion, a lumen extending at least partially therethrough and a conductive portion. The tubular member has a first configuration and a second configuration. The ablation device includes a distal cap operably connected to the distal portion having a diameter that is smaller than a diameter of a distal end portion of an endoscope and a proximal ring connected to the proximal portion having a diameter greater than a diameter of the distal end portion. The ablation device also includes a first catheter operably connected to the distal cap and a second catheter operably connected to the proximal ring, where the proximal ring is movable relative to the distal cap to move the tubular member between the first configuration and the second confirmation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: Cook Medical Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Shaun D. Gittard, Vihar C. Surti
  • Patent number: 9540238
    Abstract: A method and a device for generating of hydrogen are provided with which an instantaneous release of hydrogen in considerable amounts is possible. The method comprises a one or two step mixing including injecting the fuel and an activator fluid into a reaction chamber. The device is adapted to be operated with such a method. Further, a fuel suitable for the use with such a method is provided, the fuel being based on a dry metal hydride or a dry metal borohydride being dispersed in a non-aqueous dispersion medium. Moreover, a method for (re-) fuelling the hydrogen generating device at a service station and a method for supplying a service station with fuel are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Inventor: Gerardus Wilhelmus Lugtigheid
  • Patent number: 9429108
    Abstract: A filter device includes a cylindrical filter, a lid member, and an urging member. The filter catches foreign matter contained in gaseous fuel. The filter has a first opening located in one end and a second opening located in the other end of the filter opposite to the first opening. The filter is arranged in the drain tank with the first opening closed with a wall member such that gaseous fuel is allowed to be drawn into the filter through the inflow portion. The gaseous fuel that has passed through the filter flows out of the drain tank through the outflow portion. The lid member closes the second opening of the filter. The urging member urges the lid member toward the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignees: Aisan Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Naohito Sarai, Hiromitsu Kimpara
  • Patent number: 9399181
    Abstract: A liquid-liquid-liquid three-phase continuous and countercurrent extraction apparatus comprises a three-phase-mixing chamber, a three-liquid-flow settler, and a two-phase-mixing chamber; a liquid-flow control separator placed in the three-liquid-flow settler aims to flexibly regulate the directions of three liquid flows in the three-phase system by different control separator combinations to achieve either a countercurrent operation of the top-layered phase with the middle-bottom two-layered mixtures, or a countercurrent operation of the top-middle two-layered mixtures with the bottom-layered phase; and a method of using the same, relating to extraction and separation field of chemical technology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2016
    Assignee: INSTITUTE OF PROCESS ENGINEERING, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
    Inventors: Huizhou Liu, Kun Huang, Zhentao An
  • Patent number: 9114186
    Abstract: A sterilization process challenge device comprising a solid body comprised of walls which define a space, wherein the space can fully contain a sterilization indicator and a volume of gas of at least 5 cubic centimeters and not more than 1000 cubic centimeters; a flow restrictor associated with the solid body such that any flow of the gas out of the space and any flow of a sterilant into the space is restricted; wherein the sterilization indicator indicates whether or not it has been contacted by the sterilant for a time and at a temperature sufficient to sterilize an article; and wherein the walls of the solid body are impervious to the sterilant and have a thickness of at least 0.3 centimeter, methods of using the device and a kit including the device are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: William E. Foltz, Steven S. Kirckof, Lawrence D. Fosler, Joshua M. Schmitz, Barry W. Robole, Chad M. Herrlein
  • Publication number: 20150133620
    Abstract: Techniques are provided for polymerization. A polymerization method may include polymerizing a monomer in a polymerization reactor to produce a slurry comprising polyolefin particles and a diluent, flowing the slurry out of the polymerization reactor through an outlet of the polymerization reactor, receiving the slurry from the outlet into a slurry handling system, conveying a first mixture from the slurry handling system to a diluent and monomer recovery system, and injecting steam into the first mixture downstream of the slurry handling system using a steam injection system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Scott E. Kufeld, Joel A. Mutchler, David S. Boone
  • Publication number: 20150104363
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for determining or diagnosing a reagent dosing system failure to provide sufficient reagent to an exhaust aftertreatment system that includes an SCR catalyst to satisfy a reagent dosing command.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: Cummins Emission Solutions Inc.
    Inventors: Balbahadur Singh, Clyde W. Xi, Mickey R. McDaniel, Baohua Qi, Paul C. McAvoy
  • Patent number: 9005431
    Abstract: A process and apparatus described is for distributing hydrocarbon feed to catalyst in a riser. Hydrocarbon feed is delivered to a plenum in the riser. Nozzles from the plenum inject feed into the riser to contact the catalyst. Streams of regenerated catalyst and carbonized catalyst may be passed to the riser and mixed around an insert in a lower section of a riser. The plenum may be located in the riser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Roger L. Throndson, Paolo Palmas, Lev Davydov, Mohammad-Reza Mostofi-Ashtiani
  • Patent number: 8951480
    Abstract: A modular chemical production system includes multiple modules for performing a chemical reaction, particularly of radiochemical compounds, from a remote location. One embodiment comprises a reaction vessel including a moveable heat source with the position thereof relative to the reaction vessel being controllable from a remote position. Alternatively the heat source may be fixed in location and the reaction vial is moveable into and out of the heat source. The reaction vessel has one or more sealing plugs, the positioning of which in relationship to the reaction vessel is controllable from a remote position. Also the one or more reaction vessel sealing plugs can include one or more conduits there through for delivery of reactants, gases at atmospheric or an elevated pressure, inert gases, drawing a vacuum and removal of reaction end products to and from the reaction vial, the reaction vial with sealing plug in position being operable at elevated pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Nagichettiar Satyamurthy, Jorge R. Barrio, Bernard Amarasekera, R. Michael Van Dam, Sebastian Olma, Dirk Williams, Mark A. Eddings, Clifton Kwang-Fu Shen
  • Publication number: 20150010457
    Abstract: An apparatus for preparing an electrode-active material, comprising a reactor that produces the electrode-active material by using a high-temperature high-pressure hydrothermal synthesis method; and decompression equipment that decreases the pressure of a fluid containing the electrode-active material. The decompression equipment includes a pipe-type or a tube-type decompressor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Applicant: HANWHA CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ki Taeg Jung, Sei Ung Park, Kyu Ho Song, Seong Jae Lim, Kee Do Han
  • Patent number: 8926908
    Abstract: Reactor vessels with pressure and heat transfer features for producing hydrogen-based fuels and structural elements, and associated systems and methods. A representative reactor system includes a first reaction zone and a heat path, a reactant source coupled to the first reaction zone, and a first actuator coupled to cyclically pressurize the first reaction zone. A second reaction zone is in fluid communication with the first, a valve is coupled between the first and second reaction zones to control a flow rate therebetween, and a second actuator is coupled in fluid communication with the second reaction zone to cyclically pressurize the second reaction zone. First and second heat exchangers direct heat from products to reactants in the reaction zones. A controller controls the first and second actuators in a coordinated manner based at least in part on a flow rate of the second product from the second reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Patent number: 8926720
    Abstract: The mass flow rate of a first reactant stream supplied to a fuel processor is controlled based on a combined feed-forward and feedback control regime. The method is particularly applicable for actively controlling the fuel supply to a fuel processor in a system comprising a combustion engine, in which the fuel processor is fluidly connected to receive at least a portion of an engine exhaust stream from the engine. In embodiments of the system and method, the supply of fuel is controlled based on three mass flow factors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Westport Power Inc.
    Inventor: Xuantian Li
  • Patent number: 8920739
    Abstract: Disclosed is a system or method of increased efficiency in carbon nanomaterial synthesis. In one embodiment, a system or method of automated collection of deposited carbon nanomaterial is disclosed. According to one or more embodiments, a method of automated collection of deposited nanomaterial may comprise using cleaner blades to clean the wall of a deposition chamber and the surface of a central body where carbon nanomaterial has been deposited. The method of automated carbon nanomaterial collection may be used in connection with a method of carbon nanomaterial synthesis, to create a more efficient synthesis process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: King Abddulaziz City for Science and Technology
    Inventors: Turki Saud Mohammed Al-Saud, Mohammed A. Bin Hussain, Siarhei Alexandrovich Zhdanok, Andrei Vladimirovich Krauklis, Petr Petrovich Samtsou, Anatolij Ivanovich Loznikov
  • Patent number: 8920757
    Abstract: Reductant dosing systems and methods for engine exhaust aftertreatment are disclosed. The opening and closing of a metering valve in the reductant dosing system is controlled in a manner that mitigates pressure oscillations in the dosing system. The metering valve is opened in response to the dosing command exceeding a minimum threshold value and the differential pressure across the metering valve exceeding a differential pressure threshold. The metering valve is closed in response to either the differential pressure across the metering valve dropping below a differential pressure threshold or the actual dosed quantity exceeding the dosing command.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Cummins Emission Solutions Inc.
    Inventors: Srivardhan Chandrapati, Yongquan Chai, Stephen M. Holl, Shu Zhang
  • Publication number: 20140377134
    Abstract: A instrument for performing synthesis of small molecules such as Oligos and Peptides when using solid phase synthesis techniques to synthesize small molecules. The system and methods include a mechanism for controlling the pressure differential across the reaction vessels that contain the solid support used in solid phase synthesis. Reaction vessels are held in a holder that provides a sealable chamber at the outlet ends of the reaction vessels. The rotor containing the reaction vessels is placed within a sealable chamber. The sealable chamber is fitted with a means for engaging the rotor and draining the reaction vessels to waste. The sealable chamber is also fitted with a means for engaging the rotor to drain the reaction vessels at a slower, variable rate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: Biolytic Lab Performance, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas J. Demmitt
  • Publication number: 20140374238
    Abstract: A precision volumetric liquid dispensing instrument is disclosed that includes two pressure sensors and a fluid passageway with a defined volume portion in communication with the two sensors for receiving and distributing liquid in relatively small volumes. One of the pressure sensors is positioned to measure pressure at one portion of the defined volume portion of the fluid passageway and the other of the gas pressure sensors is positioned to measure gas pressure at a different portion of the defined volume portion of the passageway. At least one valve is in communication with the passageway for moving fluids into or out of the defined volume portion of the fluid passageway, and a processor carries out a step selected from the group consisting of (i) calculating the volume of the liquid based upon the measured pressure and (ii) metering a liquid into the defined volume portion of the fluid passageway until the measured pressure indicates that a desired volume of fluid is in the fluid passageway.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: David L. Herman, Joseph J. Lambert
  • Publication number: 20140371054
    Abstract: A system and method for adapting the clean filter correction map for a selective catalyst reduction filter SCRF of an exhaust gas aftertreatment system are provided. The system may be in fluid communication with an engine of a vehicle. The system may include a first pressure sensor and a second pressure. A differential pressure module is in communication with the first pressure sensor and the second pressure sensor and configured to generate a delta pressure signal corresponding to a pressure drop between the first pressure sensor and the second pressure sensor. The system may also include a controller configured to determine a number of completed regeneration events of the SCRF; compare the number of completed regeneration events to an evaluation element; and enable an adaptation module by executing one of a first control action, a second control action, and a third control action.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 17, 2013
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Christopher Whitt, Thomas Larose, JR., Christopher C. Swoish, Joshua Clifford Bedford
  • Patent number: 8906312
    Abstract: An ethylene polymerization system is provided with a quench system and that cools the product mixture entering the separation system with a reduced load on the first compressor of the system. The system includes first and second compressors, a high pressure reactor; a high pressure let down valve through which the product mixture from the high pressure reactor flows, and a separation system that separates gas from the product mixture. The quench system includes a pump having a suction inlet that receives all or substantially all of the low pressure flow of monomer from the first compressor. The system provides quenching of the product stream while allowing the first compressor to be operated at a discharge pressure lower than the suction pressure of the second compressor, thereby conserving energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: Paul Jan Clymans
  • Publication number: 20140311201
    Abstract: A flow wood processing extracting lignin from woody plant material and converting delignified cellulosic residue to crude bio-oils, that removes toxic preservative chemicals from waste timber, and provides conversion to useful or nontoxic forms. Wood is chipped and fed into a lignin extractor using ethanol at high temperatures to dissolve the lignin with counter current material contactors, heat exchangers, and a computer control system. Most of preservative chemicals likely precipitate out at this stage as a heavy sludge that can be removed. Ethanol containing dissolved lignin is removed from the lignin extractor, the dissolved lignin recovered, the ethanol recycled into the lignin extractor, and residual heat returned to the process. Delignified cellulosic pulp is removed from the lignin extractor and subjected to a milling to convert into a smooth sludge for entry to a bio-convertor by a super critical water process. The residue is prepared as a high phosphate fertilizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: SOLRAY HOLDINGS LIMITED
    Inventor: Christopher Francis Bathurst
  • Patent number: 8864855
    Abstract: Portable hydrogen generators are disclosed. In the various embodiments, the generator may include a chamber configured to endothermically decompose a material positioned within the chamber to generate hydrogen gas. A heater may be in thermal communication with the material to stimulate a release of the hydrogen gas. An electrical power source may be controllably coupled to the heater, so that electrical power delivered to the heater may be controlled in response to at least one detected property of the hydrogen gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Societe BIC
    Inventor: Joerg Zimmermann
  • Publication number: 20140305407
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to the use of gas clathrates. More particularly, this disclosure relates to systems, methods, and apparatuses related to the use of gas clathrates as a fuel source for automobiles. The gas clathrates may first be dissociated into at least one gas and the at least one gas delivered to the prime mover of a vehicle or the gas clathrates may be directly utilized by the prime mover as a fuel source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Lowell L. Wood, JR.
  • Patent number: 8852516
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a continuous separation and discharge apparatus and method of solid catalysts and liquid products for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactions, and more particularly, to a continuous separation and discharge apparatus and method of solid catalysts and products for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactions involving the conversion of synthetic gas into synthetic oil, by which products of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis including wax, as a long-chain hydrocarbon, can be stably obtained by continuously separating the products from a slurry comprising solid catalyst particles and the products using periodic pulses of a feeding gas and discharging the products through a lower portion of a reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignees: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daelim Industrial Co., Ltd., Korea National Oil Corporation, Hyundai Engineering Co., Ltd., SK Innovation Co., Ltd., Korea Gas Corporation
    Inventors: Kwang Jae Woo, Ki-won Jun, Suk-Hwan Kang, Seung-Moon Kim, Jong-Wook Bae
  • Publication number: 20140291139
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for treating an exhaust gas in a foreline of a substrate processing system are provided herein. In some embodiments, an apparatus for treating an exhaust gas in a foreline of a substrate processing system includes a plasma source coupled to a foreline of a process chamber, a reagent source coupled to the foreline upstream of the plasma source, and a foreline gas injection kit coupled to the foreline to controllably deliver a gas to the foreline, wherein the foreline injection kit includes a pressure regulator to set a foreline gas delivery pressure setpoint, and a first pressure gauge coupled to monitor a delivery pressure of the gas upstream of the foreline.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: COLIN JOHN DICKINSON, MEHRAN MOALEM, DANIEL O. CLARK
  • Publication number: 20140286829
    Abstract: An ammonia generating and delivery apparatus generating ammonia by heating a precursor material with a heating device controlled by a temperature pulse controller which receives commands from a pressure controller, and delivering ammonia with a flow rate controlled by a three-stage PWM controller. The temperature pulse controller is used in a first feedback loop to create a temperature pulse sequence at a surface of the heating device. A pressure controller in a second feedback loop provides duty-cycle commands to the temperature pulse controller, while in delivering ammonia, effects of pressure variation to delivery accuracy are compensated in the three-stage PWM controller, which includes a flow-rate feedback loop. The ammonia generating and delivery apparatus can also include two containers, in which the precursor material in one container is charged and discharged according to the capability of the other container in generating ammonia.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventor: Baohua Qi
  • Publication number: 20140248185
    Abstract: Methods for generating hydrogen gas and related systems are disclosed. Aspects of methods include providing a solid reactant component to an expandable reactant zone within an expandable reaction chamber, providing a liquid reactant component to a collapsible receptacle, controllably transporting the liquid reactant component in the collapsible receptacle to the expandable reaction chamber, and reacting the liquid reactant component with the solid reactant component. In some instances, components are configured for volume exchange among the expandable reaction chamber, the expandable reactant zone, and the collapsible receptacle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: Intelligent Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Russell Barton, Guanghong Zheng
  • Patent number: 8821801
    Abstract: A nitric oxide delivery system, which includes a gas bottle having nitrogen dioxide in air, converts nitrogen dioxide to nitric oxide and employs a surface-active material, such as silica gel, coated with an aqueous solution of antioxidant, such as ascorbic acid. A nitric oxide delivery system may be used to generate therapeutic gas including nitric oxide for use in delivering the therapeutic gas to a mammal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Geno LLC
    Inventors: David R. Rounbehler, David H. Fine
  • Publication number: 20140219875
    Abstract: A graphite manufacturing apparatus includes a furnace body, an exhaust pipe, a waste oil tank and a suction pump. The exhaust pipe is connected to the furnace body and communicates with the furnace body to discharge a waste gas of the furnace body. The waste oil tank communicates with the exhaust pipe to absorb waste oil of the waste gas and to filter the waste oil. The suction pump is connected with the waste oil tank and communicates with the waste oil tank, the exhaust pipe and the furnace body so as to suck the waste gas of the furnace body to the waste oil tank and to discharge a gas filtered by the waste oil tank. The present invention can decrease the amount of the waste oil of the waste gas and prolongs the service life of the suction pump.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2013
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: Hugetemp Energy Ltd.
    Inventor: HAN-TANG YANG
  • Publication number: 20140171601
    Abstract: A system and method for discharging a transfer slurry from a first polymerization reactor through a transfer line to a second polymerization reactor, the transfer slurry including at least diluent and a first polyethylene. A product slurry is discharged from the second polymerization reactor, the product slurry including at least diluent, the first polyethylene, and a second polyethylene. The velocity, pressure drop, or pressure loss due to friction in the transfer line is determined, and a process variable adjusted in response to the velocity, pressure drop, or pressure loss not satisfying a specified value.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY, LP
    Inventors: Maruti Bhandarkar, Elizabeth Ann Benham, Rebecca A. Gonzales, Scott E. Kufeld, Joel A. Mutchler, Catherine M. Gill, Thanh T. Nguyen, Timothy O. Odi
  • Publication number: 20140161670
    Abstract: Techniques, methods and systems for preparation liquid fuels from hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide are disclosed. The present invention can transform hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide generated from organic feed stocks or other industrial emissions into renewable engineered liquid fuels and store them in a cost-efficient way. The method of the present invention includes: supplying hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide to a heated area of a reaction chamber in controlled volumes; forming carbon monoxide by the energy provided by the heated area; transporting carbon monoxide and hydrogen to a reactor in controlled volumes; supplying additional hydrogen to the reactor; regulating the pressure in the reactor by adjusting the controlled volumes in order to achieve a predetermined object; forming the liquid fuel in the reactor according to the predetermined object; and, storing the liquid fuel in a storage device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: MCALISTER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Patent number: 8747762
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for treating an exhaust gas in a foreline of a substrate processing system are provided herein. In some embodiments, an apparatus for treating an exhaust gas in a foreline of a substrate processing system includes a plasma source coupled to a foreline of a process chamber, a reagent source coupled to the foreline upstream of the plasma source, and a foreline gas injection kit coupled to the foreline to controllably deliver a gas to the foreline, wherein the foreline injection kit includes a pressure regulator to set a foreline gas delivery pressure setpoint, and a first pressure gauge coupled to monitor a delivery pressure of the gas upstream of the foreline.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Colin John Dickinson, Mehran Moalem, Daniel O. Clark
  • Patent number: 8728784
    Abstract: A method is provided for fluid flow containment in an open liquid environment at least partially defined by a surface. The method includes the step of positioning a microfluidic device over the surface. The microfluidic device defines a chamber having a height. A flow of fluid is applied in the chamber. The pressure of the flow of fluid is monitored and the height of the chamber is determined from the measured pressure of the flow of fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: Kevin T. Turner, Kevin V. Christ, Justin Willians, Pedro J. Resto
  • Publication number: 20140127097
    Abstract: A method for controlling injection of a reductant into an exhaust system of an internal combustion engine includes determining the temperature and pressure of reductant supplied to a reductant injector. The method also determines a maximum reductant flow rate as a function of the reductant temperature and pressure and controls operation of the injector as a function of the maximum reductant flow rate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Inventors: Adam C. Lack, Navtej Singh, Michael James Miller, John Simon Olenczuk
  • Patent number: 8715577
    Abstract: A nitric oxide delivery system, which includes a gas bottle having nitrogen dioxide in air, converts nitrogen dioxide to nitric oxide and employs a surface-active material, such as silica gel, coated with an aqueous solution of antioxidant, such as ascorbic acid. A nitric oxide delivery system may be used to generate therapeutic gas including nitric oxide for use in delivering the therapeutic gas to a mammal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Geno LLC
    Inventors: David H. Fine, David P. Rounbehler, Gregory Vasquez, Bryan Johnson
  • Publication number: 20140065020
    Abstract: Hydrogen generation assemblies and their components are disclosed. In some embodiments, the assemblies may include a pump controller configured to select a flowrate from a plurality of flowrates based on detected pressure, and to operate the pump at the selected flowrate. In some embodiments, the assemblies may include a purge valve assembly configured to allow at least one pressurized gas to flow through a purge conduit from a pressurized gas assembly to a fuel processing assembly when power to the fuel processing assembly is interrupted. In some embodiments, the assemblies may include a damper controller configured to move a damper between fully open and closed positions based, at least in part, on detected temperature in a hydrogen-producing region. In some embodiments, the assemblies may include a reformer controller configured to operate a fuel processing assembly between run and standby modes based, at least in part, on detected pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Inventors: David J. Edlund, Robert Schluter
  • Publication number: 20140065021
    Abstract: Hydrogen generation assemblies, hydrogen purification devices, and their components are disclosed. In some embodiments, the devices may include a permeate frame with a membrane support structure having first and second membrane support plates that are free from perforations and that include a plurality of microgrooves configured to provide flow channels for at least part of the permeate stream. In some embodiments, the assemblies may include a return conduit fluidly connecting a buffer tank and a reformate conduit, a return valve assembly configured to manage flow in the return conduit, and a control assembly configured to operate a fuel processing assembly between run and standby modes based, at least in part, on detected pressure in the buffer tank and configured to direct the return valve assembly to allow product hydrogen stream to flow from the buffer tank to the reformate conduit when the fuel processing assembly is in the standby mode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Inventor: David J. Edlund
  • Patent number: 8636961
    Abstract: The present invention increases the amount of hydrogen produced or released from reactions between a metal hydride fuel and liquid reactant. The present invention also decreases the volume of a hydrogen generating cartridge by reducing the pH of the liquid reactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Societe BIC
    Inventors: Anthony Sgroi, Jr., Constance R. Stepan, Andrew J. Curello, Michael Curello
  • Patent number: 8615325
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide an advanced control system for steam hydrocarbon reformer furnaces, especially steam methane reformer furnaces. As described herein, the advanced control system may improve the control quality and efficiency of adjusting steam hydrocarbon reformer furnaces operating coefficients. As a result, the steam hydrocarbon reformer furnace operations become more stable, resulting in energy savings and improved furnace yield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Tong Li, Justin Jian Wang
  • Patent number: 8557185
    Abstract: A pressure vessel arrangement comprises an external pressure vessel and at least one insert basket in the pressure vessel for receiving a substance to be treated which is exposable to a pressure fluid which is feedable to the pressure vessel and the insert basket. There is provided a control device for the internal pressure prevailing in the insert basket, in particular in the form of a switchable pressure compensation line connecting the interior of the insert basket directly to the surroundings, i.e. not via the pressure vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: NATECO2 GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Josef Schulmeyr, Stefan Geyer, Manfred Gehrig
  • Patent number: 8545195
    Abstract: The invention is a hydrogen generator including a pump for pumping a liquid from a reservoir to a reaction area, where the liquid reacts to produce hydrogen gas, and a fuel cell system including the hydrogen generator and a fuel cell stack. The pump is a diaphragm pump with mechanically operated liquid inlet and outlet valves that are opened by cam-operated pushrods, and the pushrods are isolated from the liquid flowpath through the pump by diaphragms. All valves in the liquid flow path between the liquid reservoir and the reaction area are mechanically operated valves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Eveready Battery Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Russell H. Barton
  • Patent number: 8540939
    Abstract: A continuous flow system for the synthesis of nanoparticles includes a feeding unit connected to the first reactor a flow path, at least one first reactor unit possessing a heatable reactor-zone, a second reactor unit which follows the first reactor in the same cascade; a mixing unit and a second feeding unit between the reactor units, and feeding pumps connected to a raw material source and/or a control unit which is capable of controlling at least one pressure controller and/or controlling the temperature of at least one heatable reactor-zone; each heatable reactor-zone is followed by a cooling unit in the cascade. In addition, a process for the synthesis of nanoparticles, preferably metal-containing nanoparticles, and nanoparticles of biologically active organic molecules wherein the process is accomplished using the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Darholding Vagyonkezelo Korlatolt Felelossegu Tarsasag
    Inventors: Krisztián Niesz, Atilla Wootsch, Maxime Groualle, Zsolt Ötvös, Ferenc Darvas
  • Publication number: 20130230430
    Abstract: A system for gas sterilization includes a sterilization chamber, a source of sterilant gas, and a sterilant gas remediation mechanism. Embodiments relate to systems and methods for delivering humidified air to a sterilization chamber, systems and methods for removing gaseous NO2 from an exhaust gas stream of a sterilization chamber, systems and methods for removing and replacing a source of sterilant gas, an exhaust gas scrubber and/or supplies for a humidification system. Some embodiments relate to hardware and software for user interface in a sterilizing device and hardware and software for control of a sterilization cycle. Some embodiments relate to chamber, chassis and door configurations of a sterilizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Applicant: NOXILIZER, INC.
    Inventors: Phil Carbone, Karen Benedek, Michael Ruffo, Wade Luongo
  • Publication number: 20130216437
    Abstract: The presently disclosed subject matter is directed to an apparatus for the preparation of a cleaning, sanitizing, or sterilizing solution. In some embodiments, the apparatus comprises a modular component, such as a cartridge. The cartridge may contain chemical precursors to allow the generation of chlorine dioxide. The apparatus has a fluid inlet, and separates the fluid into a first flow path, which fills a reservoir. It also has a second flow path, which is heated before passing through the cartridge to create the desired gas. The fluid output from the cartridge is then fed into the reservoir.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2012
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Inventors: Charles R. Sperry, Vincent A. Piucci, Stephen D. Smith, Dennis F. McNamara, Suzanne M. Scott, John Koke
  • Patent number: 8506813
    Abstract: This invention concerns a method, devices, instrument and program for extraction an ingredient from a liquid sample by bidirectional transfer of an aliquot of fluid between compartments, the method can be applied to a wide variety of laboratory techniques such as; solid phase extraction by filter disc, column chromatography, magnetic separation, diagnostic tests and others, the system is suitable for single or multi sample handling, manual operation or integrated into an automated system, can be used in a lab or in field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Inventor: Beno Alspektor
  • Patent number: 8500831
    Abstract: A device for continuously conditioning fed-out natural gas prior to feeding the same to supply lines leading to consumers has a mixing station for producing a burnable gas from natural gas and oxygen, a reactor container for a catalytic combustion of an introduced mixture of burnable gas and natural gas, at least one drying station that is connected downstream of an outlet of the reactor container, at least one separator, particularly for water, and at least one expansion fitting for reducing the pressure. The reactor container and separator chamber of the separator are disposed in an enclosed housing. The mixing chamber, into which a first feed line for fed-out cold natural gas opens, is disposed in the housing between the reactor container and the separator chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: EWE GASSPEICHER GmbH
    Inventor: Andreas Lenk
  • Patent number: 8491842
    Abstract: A system for storage and dosing of ammonia, including a solid ammonia storage material capable of binding and releasing ammonia reversibly by adsorption/absorption. The system is able to release ammonia gradually according to a demand that can vary over time with intermediate periods of no ammonia demand. A main storage unit and a start-up storage unit are provided. The storage units hold ammonia storage material. At least one one-way valve is provided via which the one main storage unit is in communication with the start-up storage unit. The one-way valve prevents any back-flow of ammonia from the start-up storage unit to the main storage unit. Heating devices are arranged to heat the main storage unit and the start-up storage unit separately to generate gaseous ammonia by thermal desorption from the solid storage material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Amminex Emissions Technology A/S
    Inventors: Johnny Johansen, Jan Oechsle, Henning Schmidt, Tue Johannessen, Jakob Svagin
  • Publication number: 20130171029
    Abstract: An ethylene polymerization system is provided with a quench system and that cools the product mixture entering the separation system with a reduced load on the first compressor of the system. The system includes first and second compressors, a high pressure reactor; a high pressure let down valve through which the product mixture from the high pressure reactor flows, and a separation system that separates gas from the product mixture. The quench system includes a pump having a suction inlet that receives all or substantially all of the low pressure flow of monomer from the first compressor. The system provides quenching of the product stream while allowing the first compressor to be operated at a discharge pressure lower than the suction pressure of the second compressor, thereby conserving energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2010
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Inventor: Paul Jan Clymans
  • Publication number: 20130167603
    Abstract: A continuous flow wood processing technology for extracting lignin from woody plant material and converting the delignified cellulosic residue to crude bio-oils is provided. Wood is chipped before processing starts and fed into a lignin extractor. The lignin extractor uses ethanol at high temperatures to dissolve the lignin with counter current material contactors. The ethanol containing dissolved lignin is removed from the lignin extractor, the dissolved lignin recovered, the ethanol and residual heat being recycled into the lignin extractor. The delignified cellulosic pulp is removed from the lignin extractor and subjected to a milling operation to convert the pulp into a smooth sludge for entry to a bio-convertor by a super critical water process. The product from this convertor is hydrocarbon sludge with a principal component being a kerogen. In a separate process crude oil is extracted from this sludge and the residue is prepared as a high phosphate Fertilizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2012
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Inventors: Christopher Francis BATHURST, James Douglas Watson