Salt Or Mineral Substitute Patents (Class 426/806)
  • Patent number: 9011963
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to salt compositions and methods used to make them. Embodiments may include methods for preparing salt compositions that include aerosolizing a melted salt composition to form droplets, where the droplets form rounded particles. Embodiments may further include solid compositions, including rounded salt particles, where the particles are formed by aerosolizing a melted salt composition. The particles can have semisolid interiors with void spaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: S&P Ingredient Development, LLC
    Inventors: Neil Osterwalder, Sambasiva Rao Chigurupati, Pratik Nandan Bhandari
  • Patent number: 8609176
    Abstract: A food composition is provided useful for decreasing the amount of sodium while maintaining a high perceived saltiness of the food composition. The food composition comprises a particulate phase and a soluble phase and a selective sodium distribution between the phases whereby the amount of sodium in the particulate phase is at least 4 wt %, more preferably at least 10 wt %, more preferably at least 15 wt % and most preferably at least 20 wt %, and preferably at most 99.99 wt %, more preferably at most 99 wt %, more preferably at most 90 wt %, most preferably at most 70 wt % by weight of the total amount of sodium in the particulate and soluble phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Conopco Inc.
    Inventors: Johanna Louise Busch, Jacoba Anna Maria Keulemans, Gerrit Jan van den Oever, Freek Reckweg
  • Patent number: 8231924
    Abstract: Methods for reducing the sodium content of finished food products comprising adding trehalose to suitable food products in an amount ranging from greater than 0% to less than 1.5% by weight of the finished food product and by optionally further adding sodium and or potassium. Ingredient systems for achieving salt (i.e. sodium) reduction in suitable food products are also provided. The ingredient systems comprise trehalose and can include sodium, potassium, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Cargill, Incorporated
    Inventors: Krishnamurthy Ganesan, Hans F. Zoerb, Gerard Mullally
  • Patent number: 8231925
    Abstract: Methods for reducing the sodium content of finished food products comprising adding trehalose to suitable food products in an amount ranging from greater than 0% to less than 1.5% by weight of the finished food product and by optionally further adding sodium and or potassium. Ingredient systems for achieving salt (i.e. sodium) reduction in suitable food products are also provided. The ingredient systems comprise trehalose and can include sodium, potassium, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Cargill, Incorporated
    Inventors: Krishnamurthy Ganesan, Hans Zoerb, Gerry Mullally, Dwight Weigle, Timm Adams
  • Patent number: 7829127
    Abstract: A calcium fortified syrup is disclosed which provides between 10-70% of the US RDI of calcium per 2 tablespoonfuls. The calcium remains uniformly dispersed and the product has no harsh off-notes or bitter after taste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Assignee: The Hershey Company
    Inventors: Joseph Milici, Mary Ellen Kline, Malathy Nair
  • Patent number: 7495117
    Abstract: A dietary source of mineral in the form of a metal carboxylate is prepared using the acid-base-like reaction. A salt of a carboxylate anion and a by-product cation is reacted in aqueous solution with a salt of a metal cation and a by-product anion under conditions which form a metal carboxylate and the by-product salt. Solutions formed in the reaction may be applied directly to a dry carrier to produce a dry dietary supplement or, alternatively, the solutions may be filtered to remove precipitated by-product salt and the filtrate used as a liquid dietary supplement. Preferably, a reducing agent, such as ascorbic acid, is added to help prevent the oxidation of divalent to trivalent form of a metal salt, when an easily oxidized divalent metal is used as starting material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2009
    Assignee: Kemin Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Swee-Keng Goh, Jesuadimai Ignatius Xavier Antony, Hai-Meng Tan, Yeun-Mun Choo
  • Patent number: 7220435
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a simple, economical, and efficient cyclic process for producing rhombic dodecahedron shaped glycine enriched, free flowing common salt from brine, said process comprising steps of adding glycine of concentration ranging between 10 to 25% to the saturated brine, evaporating the saturated brine containing glycine to obtain crystals having high content of glycine, with mother liquor, washing the crystals with saturated brine to obtain rhombic dodecahedron shaped glycine enriched common salt having glycine content ranging between 0.5 to 1.0% and a washed brine, combining the mother liquor and the washed brine to obtain resulting brine, subjecting the resultant brine to solar evaporation, and repeating the steps of (iii) to (v) to obtain rhombic dodecahedron shaped glycine enriched common salt from brine with glycine concentration ranging between 0.5 to 1.0%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignees: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, Hindustan Lever Limited
    Inventors: Parthasarathi Dastidar, Pushpito Kumar Ghosh, Amar Ballabh, Darshak Rameshbhai Trivedi, Amitava Pramanik, Velayudhan Nair Gopa Kumar
  • Publication number: 20030110713
    Abstract: A permeable retaining member defines a chamber therein. The permeable retaining members has an opening to the chamber. The chamber of the retainer member is filled through the opening with a melting substance and the opening is closed. The melting substance is adapted to permeate through the retaining member for melting proximate ice in a gutter and preventing ice dams on roofs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2002
    Publication date: June 19, 2003
    Inventor: John U. Fauster
  • Patent number: 6541050
    Abstract: A salt flavor enhancing composition includes a combination of sodium chloride and potassium chloride in a range of about 74 to about 99 percent by weight and a sulfate-containing salt or salts or a combination of a sulfate-containing salt or salts and a chloride-containing salt or salts in a range of about 1 to about 26 percent by weight. Further, the sulfate-containing salts may be potassium sulfate, calcium sulfate, or combinations thereof. In addition, the chloride-containing salts may be calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, or combinations thereof. A salt flavor enhancing composition also may be adapted for use on food products having high intrinsic sodium content. The composition may include potassium chloride in a range of about 75 to about 95 percent by weight and a sulfate-containing salt or salts or a combination of a sulfate-containing salt or salts and a chloride-containing salt or salts in a range of about 5 to about 25 percent by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Assignee: Campbell Soup Company
    Inventors: William R. Bonorden, Denise A. Giordano, Beverly L. Lee
  • Patent number: 6387412
    Abstract: A storage stable magnesium oxychloride coated granular animal feed mineral supplement composition resistant to disintegration cause by moisture absorption and attrition, comprising granular mineral nutrients useful as animal feed supplements and magnesium oxychloride coatings amounting to between 0.5 and 10.0 percent of the weight of the granules, formed on the granules of mineral nutrients by coreaction of magnesium chloride and magnesium oxide. An additional coating of between 0.2 and 2.0 percent magnesium stearate formed on the magnesium oxychloride may be used to decrease the rate of wetting of the granular animal feed mineral supplements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Assignee: Agri-Nutrients Technology Group, Inc.
    Inventor: William P. Moore
  • Publication number: 20010047627
    Abstract: A de-icer formed of a solid block of a pressed, granulated salt has at least a top portion water-proofed to prevent rapid deterioration due to precipitation. An exposed bottom surface is in contact with the upper surface of a flat, sloped roof to provide wicking absorption of water flowing down the roof into the salt. Absorption of water by the salt leads to release of the resulting saline solution to the surface of the roof, preventing formation of ice on the roof downstream of the de-icer and in the roof drain. The de-icer may be maintained in place on the surface of the roof by an adhesive tape, or by its own weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2001
    Publication date: December 6, 2001
    Inventor: Raymond L. Nocella
  • Patent number: 6245378
    Abstract: A nutritional supplement for facilitating the adaptation of skeletal muscle in individuals udergoing programs of strenuous exercise and counteracting defatigation and weariness in asthenic individuals is disclosed, which comprises a combination of L-camitine, acetyl L-camitine and propionyl L-carnitine as basic active ingredients. Optional ingredients comprise isovaleryl L-carnitine, branched-chained aminoacids and creatine and/or phosphocreatine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2001
    Assignee: Sigma-Tau Healthscience S.p.A.
    Inventor: Claudio Cavazza
  • Patent number: 6245366
    Abstract: Fat-coated encapsulation compositions may be prepared by: (i) mixing an active agent with a molten fat, to obtain a slurry, and (ii) cooling the slurry, to obtain a solid mass in which the active agent is dispersed in solid fat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2001
    Assignee: McCormick & Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Lewis M. Popplewell, Michael A. Porzio
  • Patent number: 6106869
    Abstract: The present invention involves an edible terrarium substrate for a terrarium animal such as a reptile, an amphibian, or an arachnid. The substrate includes a fine calciferous sand that is healthy, ingestible, and digestible by the terrarium animal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: T-Rex Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Alan Mark Botterman, David Jack Hanono
  • Patent number: 6090419
    Abstract: Salt compositions containing:(a) 10 to 90 wt. % of NaCl; and(b) 10 to 90 wt. % of a binding matrix,in which said NaCl is distributed throughout said binding matrix and may be prepared by mixing and heating the NaCl with the binding matrix to form a melt and then extruding the melt. These compositions are useful as salt compositions and as flavored salt compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: McCormick & Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Lewis M. Popplewell, Michael A. Porzio, Robert D. Heckner
  • Patent number: 6048569
    Abstract: A comestible liquid sea salt preparation and method for producing the same. The comestible preparation is produced from sea water and is low in sodium, about 9.8 wt %, therefore making it suitable for consumption by persons having cardiac disorders, arterial hypertension, renal disorders, endemias and the like. Even though the amount of sodium is reduced the preparation is able to maintain a suitable gustatory sensation, making it an advantageous substitute for regular table salt. The method for producing the preparation involves a series of steps in which sea water is decanted, evaporated, converted into a spray; and concentrated. The preparation also undergoes a micro plankton regulation step and sodium chloride is added to the resulting preparation so that the concentration of sodium chloride is 25 percent of the total preparation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2000
    Inventors: Fernando Horacio Garcia, Hector Marcelo Mugas
  • Patent number: 5935626
    Abstract: A weather resistant mineral feed in the form of free-flowing granules is produced in a series of steps comprising (1) mixing a liquid binder with a relatively coarse granular feed ingredient to form damp binder coated granules, (2) while damp, the binder-coated granules are mixed with a trace mineral base mix, (3) the granules with their outer layers of trace minerals are mixed with substances which impart water-resistant sheaths thereto, and (4) dusting powder is applied to complete the formation of the trace mineral premix granules. The premix granules are mixed with coarse granular macromineral feed ingredients, iron oxide and a water-resistant coating solution to form weather-resistant mineral feed granules. The water-resistant sheathes are formed by mixing the product of step (2) with a fatty acid and depositing thereon a metal oxide with which it reacts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Moorman Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Bruce Willard Moechnig, Qingshan Gao
  • Patent number: 5871803
    Abstract: A salt flavor enhancing composition consists essentially of a combination of sodium chloride and potassium chloride and a combination of magnesium chloride and magnesium sulfate Further, the composition may include a combination of sodium ions, chloride ions, potassium ions, magnesium ions, and sulfate ions. Food products including these compositions and methods for preparing such food products are encompassed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1999
    Assignee: Campbell Soup Company
    Inventors: William R. Bonorden, Denise A. Giordano, Beverly L. Lee, Harry M. Lukis
  • Patent number: 5853792
    Abstract: A low sodium edible salt composition comprises, based on dry weight of ingredients, 0-50% NaCl, 45-99.5% KCl and at least 0.5% additives, which comprise at least one edible nucleotide monophosphate salt and at least one member other than the nucleotide monophosphate salt selected from the group consisting of low organic acid, low organic acid salt, phosphoric acid, phosphate salt, a magnesium salt, sugar and burnt sugar. The additives have the effect of countering the bitter taste of KCl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: Dead Sea Works Ltd
    Inventors: Shaul Zolotov, Oleg Braverman, Margarita Genis, David Biale
  • Patent number: 5707679
    Abstract: A supplemented animal feed composition comprising (a) an animal feed that is deficient in a trace metal admixed with (b) a diet-supplementing effective amount of a polyvalent metal cation propionate having the formula M(CH.sub.3 CH.sub.2 COO.sup.-).sub.x, wherein M is a polyvalent metal cation form of said deficient metal that is selected from the group consisting of Zn.sup.+2, Cu.sup.+2, Fe.sup.+3, Fe.sup.+2, Mn.sup.+2, Co.sup.+2 and Cr.sup.+3, and x is an integer equal to the cationic charge of M. The metal propionates are used as biologically available and economical sources of trace metal for supplementation in animal diets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1998
    Assignee: Kemin Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Christopher E. Nelson
  • Patent number: 5478756
    Abstract: A chemical sensor includes a piezoelectric support (1) capable of supporting a shear horizontal wave provided on its surface with an electrode (2,3). The sensor is characterized in that the surface of the piezoelectric support (1) including the region bearing the electrode (2,3) is covered by a layer of dielectric material (9) of thickness 0.5 to 20 microns. The piezoelectric support (1) is preferably a single crystal. The dielectric layer (1) may be of, for example, silicon dioxide or a suitable polymer, and preferably has a thickness of between 0.5 and 5 .mu.m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1995
    Assignees: Fisons plc, GEC Marfoni Limited
    Inventors: Electra Gizeli, Adrian C. Stevenson
  • Patent number: 5221545
    Abstract: Selenium is provided in a nutritional product by incorporating selenate into a premix with an zinc and/or copper (II) salt which is water soluble and then combining the premix with a source of nutrition to form a nutritional product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1993
    Assignee: Abbott Laboratories
    Inventors: Marlene W. Borschel, Helen R. Churella, Benita C. Yao, Bogdan K. Kedzierski
  • Patent number: 5098709
    Abstract: A method of treating inflammation in a mammalian recipient by administrating to the mammalian recipient an effective amount of a fused salt from natural substances, namely Ginkgo, Persimmon, Pine, and Bamboo for the treatment of inflammations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1992
    Inventor: Kwon J. Kang
  • Patent number: 5064663
    Abstract: A sodium chloride substitute composition having low bitterness and an intense sodium chloride flavor is prepared containing autolyzed yeast, ammonium chloride and optionally potassium chloride. The composition is prepared preferably by a method wherein yeast, an exogenous enzyme, ammonium chloride, optionally potassium chloride and liquid are mixed to form a liquid mixture, the mixture is stirred at an elevated temperature until the yeast is autolyzed, and the mixture is dried. The composition contains an amount of autolyzed yeast relative to the amount of ammonium chloride in the range of about 60 to 95 percent by weight. The composition is suitable for use in processed meats and snack foods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1991
    Assignee: Burns Philp Food, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel G. Murray, John R. Shackelford
  • Patent number: 5034378
    Abstract: Food flavor enhancer composition which may be comprised of a variety or any one of edible salts including sodium chloride, potassium chloride, monosodium glutamate, flavor potentiators and at least one variety of soluble dietary fibers which is preferably decomplexed is specified.Improved potassium chloride, either alone or in combination with other edible salts together with soluble dietary fibers blended in accordance with the foregoing Examples, produces a composition which is much more similar to sodium chloride than heretofore known and/or possible.In a preferred form, hypocholesteremic soluble dietary fibers and salt compositions are also specified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 23, 1991
    Assignee: James P. Cox
    Inventor: James P. Cox
  • Patent number: 4873108
    Abstract: The invention provides a protein hydrolysate with(a) a content of NaC1 between 0 and 35% w/w;(b) a content of free amino acids between 25 and 100% w/w; and(c) a content of glutamic acid between 8 and 60% (w/w calculated as dry matter)and optionally from 0-75% by weight of the hydrolysate of a saccharide carrier. Such a hydrolysate is obtainable by gel filtration over a porous material having an average pore diameter between 0.5 and 2.5 nanometers and eluting the desired fraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1989
    Assignee: Unilever Patent Holdings B.V.
    Inventors: Johannes F. M. De Rooij, Stephen E. Meakins
  • Patent number: 4839347
    Abstract: Composition for treating dehydration in swine is described according to the preferred embodiment of the teachings of the present invention for adminstration in the drinking water or feed of pigs. Generally, the treatment composition is a palatable, electrolyte water-acidifier having mulitiple sources of energy that are readily consumable by most animals. Specifically, the composition includes citric acid which is very palatable and in a concentration to reduce the pH level of the water to which it is mixed in the range of at least 2.0 units. This reduction in pH helps restore the pH of the digestive tract to normal levels. The composition further includes saccharine in its most preferred form to increase palatability factors. Additionally, multiple energy sources are provided in the composition for a wide spectrum and prolonged energy reservoir and for increased palatabiltiy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1984
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1989
    Assignee: Techmix, Inc.
    Inventor: Peter H. Franz
  • Patent number: 4814172
    Abstract: There is provided a palatable pre-mixed bran drink comprising heat treated, degelled bran in the presence of hydrated colloidal magnesium aluminum silicate and an acidification agent. The drink has good mouthfeel and may be used as a bulk supplement to diet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1989
    Assignee: Product Resources International, Inc.
    Inventors: Leonard Chavkin, Leonard Mackles
  • Patent number: 4486456
    Abstract: The present invention relates to new and novel commercially acceptable baked dough products having a reduced sodium ion content and in which no sodium chloride or salt, as it is commonly known, has been added thereto, and yet the baked dough product will have the desired salt taste but will be free of any bitter taste characteristic of most prior salt substitutes. This result is achieved by incorporating in the dough materials prior to the baking thereof as a salt substitute a combination of potassium chloride in an amount which will impart the required salt flavor to the baked dough product and product containing undenatured lactalbumin in an amount sufficient to impart a muting or neutralizing action to the potassium chloride to remove or abate the intense and disagreeable bitter flavor normally imparted by potassium chloride when present in baked dough products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 4, 1984
    Inventor: Jerome B. Thompson
  • Patent number: 4407839
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved dusting blend and the use of such a blend in a baking process. The improvement resides in the addition of salt to the dusting blend to retard insect infestation while at the same time retaining good flowability characteristics. The dusting blend is applied to cooking or baking equipment, as a dusting powder, to prevent food or dough from sticking to the equipment. The dusting blend of this invention controls insect infestation far better than known dusting blends comprising flour or starch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1981
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1983
    Assignee: Robin Hood Multifoods Inc.
    Inventors: Roger Corbeil, Gobind Sadaranganey
  • Patent number: 4382098
    Abstract: The emulsifying and water binding properties of sausage, as well as the nutritional characteristics of sausage products, are improved by incorporating therein, as a partial replacement for sodium chloride, a salt system comprising calcium or sodium gluconate in combination with an alkaline phosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1982
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1983
    Assignee: Swift & Company
    Inventors: Hubert Bolin, James N. Bacus, Ronald O. Barhaug
  • Patent number: 4362748
    Abstract: Methods for forming simulated, shaped, edible products suitable for human and/or animal consumption, or as a bait for marine creatures; and simulated, edible products produced thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1980
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1982
    Assignees: Loyal Wells, Cox Family Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventor: James P. Cox
  • Patent number: 4362710
    Abstract: The feed to be fed to baby pigs is composed of at least one kind of edible iron salt in an amount corresponding to 3.2 to 16.4% by weight as iron; at least one kind of edible organic acid or a salt thereof in an amount of 1 to 10% by weight, which is in solid form at room temperature; small amounts of a sweetener, a flavoring and, if desired, vitamins; and a base containing an oligosaccharide as the balance. This feed is in the form of pellets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1982
    Assignee: Nissan Gosei Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yoshiko Watanabe
  • Patent number: 4216237
    Abstract: An improved potassium-supplement composition that is more palatable is prepared containing 10 to 50% of one or more potassium-containing mineral salts and a balance of from 25 to 50% by weight of the balance of a carbohydrate-containing foodstuff such as sugar or a non-hydroscopic starch hydrolysate and from 50 to 75% by weight of the balance of a potassium-containing foodstuff, at least half of which is milk solids, such as cocoa, powdered tomato or ground nuts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1978
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1980
    Inventor: Walton J. Smith
  • Patent number: 4068006
    Abstract: A salt seasoning mixture comprised of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, and encapsulated citric acid. The encapsulation of the citric acid dissolves in a user's mouth within 1 to 10 seconds to mask the bitter aftertaste of potassium chloride in the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1976
    Date of Patent: January 10, 1978
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventor: George Jordan Moritz