Transparency Or Translucency Increased (e.g., Making Window Envelopes, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/161)
  • Patent number: 9393826
    Abstract: An inkjet recording medium includes a substrate having two opposed surfaces, an ink receiving layer disposed on at least one of the two substrate surfaces, and a porous protective layer disposed on the ink receiving layer. The ink receiving layer receives an ink when printed thereon. The protective layer includes: reactive polymer particles that cross-link upon exposure to microwave radiation; non-reactive polymer particles that coalesce upon exposure to microwave radiation; or a combination of the reactive polymer particles and the non-reactive polymer particles, to form a substantially non-porous protective film that covers the printed ink.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Xiaoqi Zhou, Tao Chen, Eric L. Burch
  • Publication number: 20140272125
    Abstract: A method of making a coated article including an anti-reflection coating on a glass substrate, the method comprising: mixing at least a tri-alkoxysilane based binder and a tetra-alkoxysilane based binder with at least silica based nanoparticles and a solvent in forming a coating sol formulation; aging the coating sol formulation at least about two weeks so as to provide an aged coating sol formulation; coating at least a portion of said aged coating sol formulation onto the glass substrate to form a coating; and heating said glass substrate and said coating. Anti-reflection (AR) glasses show improved mechanical strength and higher transmittances (e.g., Tqe % gain).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Guardian Industries Corp
    Inventors: Liang LIANG, Richard Blacker, Nikhil D. Kalyankar, Scott Jewhurst
  • Publication number: 20140262037
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention generally relate to a quartz showerhead having an aerosol-deposited yttria coating thereon. The yttria coating is sprayed on the quartz surface of the showerhead through a high pressure nozzle in a vacuum chamber. The yttria coating is transparent in the UV wavelength range, and allows the passage of UV light therethrough. The yttria coating erodes significantly slower than quartz in the presence of a cleaning gas, and thus extends the life of the quartz showerhead while facilitating the transmittance of UV light through the showerhead.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Ren-Guan DUAN, Juan Carlos ROCHA- ALVAREZ
  • Publication number: 20140254021
    Abstract: An anti-glare sheet that exhibits excellent glossy black textures, blackness in dark locations, and anti-glare properties for dynamic images, and that is suited to the implementation of high quality images. The anti-glare sheet has, on at least one surface of a transparent substrate, an anti-glare layer in which a texturized layer comprising diffusion particles and a first binder, and a smoothing layer comprising a second binder are layered in said order from the transparent substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2012
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Gen Furui, Makoto Honda, Takashi Kodama
  • Publication number: 20130136856
    Abstract: A three-dimensional effect printing method includes steps of providing a housing including a transparent substrate; printing an uneven transparent texture layer to form a textured pattern on an inner surface of the transparent substrate opposite to an outer surface facing a viewer; drying the transparent texture layer; printing a colored texture layer on the transparent texture layer; and drying the colored texture layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
  • Publication number: 20130095237
    Abstract: Methods and compositions for forming porous low refractive index coatings on substrates are provided. The method comprises coating a substrate with a sol-formulation comprising silica based nanoparticles and an alkyltrialkoxysilane based binder. Use of the alkyltrialkoxysilane based binder results in a porous low refractive index coating having bimodal pore distribution including mesopores formed from particle packing and micropores formed from the burning off of organics including the alkyl chain covalently bonded to the silicon. The mass ratio of binder to particles may vary from 0.1 to 20. Porous coatings formed according to the embodiments described herein demonstrate good optical properties (e.g. a low refractive index) while maintaining good mechanical durability due to the presence of a high amount of binder and a close pore structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Inventors: Nikhil D. Kalyankar, Zhi-Wen Sun, Jeroen Van Duren, Mark Lewis, Liang Liang
  • Patent number: 8212270
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a transparent encapsulating sheet for a light-emissive device, the method comprising the steps: forming a plurality of cavities in one side of a transparent sheet of material for receiving light-emissive structures therein, said forming step producing a frosted surface comprising micro cracks in the cavities; coating said frosted surface with a low viscosity material whereby the micro cracks in the frosted surface are filled with the low viscosity material in order to form the transparent encapsulating sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Cambridge Display Technology Limited
    Inventors: Russell Lees, Angela Lees, legal representative
  • Publication number: 20120162751
    Abstract: An optical coating includes multiple layers of different materials and thicknesses and is disposed proximate a transparent display cover for an electronic device display. The optical coating transmits most visible light, reflects most non-visible light and substantially absorbs blackbody radiation generated from within the electronic device. The optical coating can be readily removable from the electronic device display either alone or in combination with a removable transparent display cover. The multiple layers comprise two or more materials having alternating low and high indices of refraction, and can include 36 or more layers, each having a thickness ranging from 10 to 400 nanometers. The arrangement and thicknesses of the layers are designed based upon the thickness and optical properties of the transparent display cover.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2010
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Frank F. Liang, Phillip L. Mort, Amaury J. Heresztyn, Jay S. Nigen, Simon Prakash, John P. Ternus
  • Publication number: 20120091488
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a structure having a textured surface, including a substrate made of mineral glass having a given texture, for an organic-light-emitting-diode device, the method including supplying a rough substrate, having a roughness defined by a roughness parameter Ra ranging from 1 to 5 ?m over an analysis length of 15 mm and with a Gaussian filter having a cut-off frequency of 0.8 mm; and depositing a liquid-phase silica smoothing film on the substrate, the film being configured to smooth the roughness sufficiently and to form the textured surface of the structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2010
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Inventors: Francois-Julien Vermersch, Hélène Gascon, Sophie Besson
  • Publication number: 20120070675
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an agent for increasing an amount of visible light transmitted by a light-transmissive substrate containing an organic silicon compound and an inorganic silicon compound, and a process for producing a highly light-transmissive substrate using the aforementioned agent for increasing an amount of transmitted visible light, as well as, a process for increasing an amount of visible light transmitted by a light-transmissive substrate characterized by forming a layer containing an organic silicon compound and inorganic silicon compound on the surface of a light-transmissive substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2011
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Applicant: Sustainable Titania Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Shiro Ogata, Yoshimitsu Matsui
  • Publication number: 20110256362
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a modified fibrous product and a method of producing the same. According to the method, transparent areas are generated in the fibrous product, such as in a paper or a cardboard sheet or in a paper or a cardboard web. According to the present invention, a carbohydrate derivative that includes a plasticizer is incorporated into the fibrous product, and the carbohydrate derivative, which is plasticized with the plasticizer, is brought, in a liquid state and under pressure, to migrate in between the fibres of the product in such a way that at least part of the plasticizer penetrates into the lumens of the fibres, in which case the fibrous product becomes transparent in the treated area. By using the solution, it is possible to simplify the method of further processing paper or cardboard for consumer packages. The present invention can be applied to, among other products, envelopes having a window through which the address is visible.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2009
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Inventors: Hannu Mikkonen, Tero Malm, Vesa Kunnari, Elias Retulainen
  • Publication number: 20110185660
    Abstract: Translucent building element and method and equipment for manufacturing the same, where the translucent building element made of a castable matrix, especially concrete, is casted and incorporates a fiber composite with translucent fibers. The translucent fibers are placed in the translucent fiber composite in that way, that they form with at least one surface of the building element, which is designed for the light entrance or light exit, at least two different angles. For manufacturing, first a fiber composite is supplied to a first transporting device, which feeds the fiber composite into a coating device, in which the fiber composite is coated with the castable matrix. Using a second transporting device the coated fiber composite is conveyed out of the coating device to a formwork, in which the coated fiber composite is placed layer wise, and the castable matrix with the enclosed translucent fibers is cured to a translucent slab.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2008
    Publication date: August 4, 2011
    Inventor: Andreas Roye
  • Publication number: 20110159177
    Abstract: An coated translucent substrate that comprises a translucent substrate, an anti-reflection coating and a conductive oxide coating and a process for manufacturing the same is provided. The translucent substrate has a first surface at a first side. The anti-reflection coating is provided at the first side of the translucent substrate to reduce the reflection of light by the coated translucent substrate. The anti-reflection coating is applied to the conductive oxide coating. The conductive oxide coating is arranged between the first surface of the translucent substrate and the anti-reflection coating to reduce the transmission of light in the near infrared spectrum through the coated translucent substrate. The conductive oxide coating comprises SnO2:F. The coated translucent substrate transmits relatively good light in the Photosynthetically Active Radiation spectral range and blocks the light in the Near Infrared spectral range.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2010
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Inventor: Petrus Antonius VAN NIJNATTEN
  • Publication number: 20110134503
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a smart panel and a smart panel. A method of manufacturing a smart panel includes spraying a coating solution including a thermochromic material and a silicon oxide on a surface of a transparent substrate, and drying the coating solution to form a coating film on the surface of the substrate. A smart panel is manufactured in accordance with the above-described method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Publication date: June 9, 2011
    Inventors: Myun-Gi Shim, Soo-Ho Park, Dong-Gun Moon, Mi-Hyun Lee
  • Publication number: 20110123788
    Abstract: Disclosed are solar-reflective building materials, including roofing articles, that include nanoparticle-containing thin films; such articles display high reflectance of near-infrared radiation and high transmission of radiation in the visible light range so as to reduce the heat island effects experienced by the articles while also maintaining an aesthetically pleasing appearance. Also disclosed are related methods of fabricating such articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2010
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Inventor: Emilie Viasnoff
  • Publication number: 20100227052
    Abstract: Methods for processing substrate surfaces carrying coatings comprising a metal are disclosed. The methods involve providing a substrate surface having a coating comprising a metal, and exposing the substrate surface to a halogen-containing gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2009
    Publication date: September 9, 2010
    Inventors: Phillip W. Carter, John-Bruce D. Green
  • Publication number: 20100180939
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments of this invention relate to optical coatings including magnesium fluoride and/or organosilane based coatings, which may be disposed on textured or un-textured substrates (e.g., glass substrates). Surprisingly and unexpectedly, the magnesium fluoride coatings are temperable, while the organosilane based coatings are low temperature heat treatable. Additionally, surprisingly and unexpectedly, such coatings on textured and un-textured glass surfaces result in superior transmission increases.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2009
    Publication date: July 22, 2010
    Inventors: Pramod K. Sharma, John A. Vanderploeg, Kevin R. Fulton
  • Patent number: 7731934
    Abstract: The invention relates to a novel form of titanium oxide. The titanium oxide is characterized in that it has the crystallographic structure of rutile with an orthorhombic lattice and a Pnmm space group, it has a platelet morphology, the platelets being of rectangular shape with a length between 3 and 10 nm, a width between 3 and 10 nm and a thickness of less than 1 nm and it has a specific surface area, determined by nitrogen adsorption/desorption, of 100 to 200 m2/g. Applications: self-cleaning glazing, photovoltaic cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignees: Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Sophie Cassaignon, Jean-Pierre Jolivet, Magali Koelsch
  • Publication number: 20100109033
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a transparent encapsulating sheet for a light-emissive device, the method comprising the steps: forming a plurality of cavities in one side of a transparent sheet of material for receiving light-emissive structures therein, said forming step producing a frosted surface comprising micro cracks in the cavities; coating said frosted surface with a low viscosity material whereby the micro cracks in the frosted surface are filled with the low viscosity material in order to form the transparent encapsulating sheet.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2006
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Inventor: Russell Lees
  • Publication number: 20090208644
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to a method of forming a coating on a glass substrate using combustion deposition. A glass substrate having at least one surface to be coated is provided. An organosiloxane inclusive precursor having a ring- or cage-like structure to be combusted is introduced. Using at least one flame, at least a portion of the precursor is combusted to form a combusted material, the combusted material including non-vaporized material. The glass substrate is provided in an area so that the glass substrate is heated sufficiently to allow the combusted material to form the coating, directly or indirectly, on the glass substrate. In certain example embodiments, the precursor is a cyclic siloxane based and/or polyhedral silsesquioxane (POSS) based precursor, which advantageously may affect the coating's transmission and/or reflection properties compared to conventionally used silicon precursors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2008
    Publication date: August 20, 2009
    Applicant: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventor: Michael P. Remington
  • Publication number: 20080265387
    Abstract: An apparatus and method is provided for preventing smudges (608) including oils and dust from collecting on a portable electronic device display (110, 150, 200, 300). A plurality of islands (606) are formed on a surface of the display device, each island (606) comprising a transparent material and having a diameter of between 5 and 200 nanometers. Liquid (608) forming on the plurality of islands has a large contact angle (610), increasing the likelihood of the liquid migrating from the display device and thereby removing contaminants therewith.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2007
    Publication date: October 30, 2008
    Applicant: MOTOROLA, INC.
    Inventors: John J. D'Urso, Jeffrey H. Baker, Tula Jutarosaga
  • Publication number: 20080187716
    Abstract: There is provided a mobile terminal comprising a back lighting structure. The mobile terminal according to an embodiment comprises a light emitting device and a case part provided on the light emitting device and formed of a transmissive material. The mobile terminal further comprises a shielding coating layer laminated on a region excluding a specific region of the case part and formed of a shielding material so that the specific region of the case part transmits light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2008
    Publication date: August 7, 2008
    Inventors: Indong Yu, Heeseok Noh, Wonseok Choi
  • Publication number: 20080166569
    Abstract: A plastic glazing system having weatherable coating for automotive windows is disclosed. The system comprises a transparent plastic substrate comprising an inner surface and an outer surface. The system further comprises a first weathering layer disposed on the outer surface of the substrate. The weathering layer comprises one of a polyurethane and a polyurethane-acrylate. The first weathering layer has a predetermined glass transition temperature. The system further comprises a first abrasion-resistant layer disposed on the first weathering layer. The first abrasion-resistant layer is compatible with the one of a polyurethane and a polyurethane-acrylate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2007
    Publication date: July 10, 2008
    Applicant: Exatec, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Steven M. Gasworth, Sunitha Grandhee, Meng Chen, Mark A. Peters
  • Patent number: 7326164
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method and an apparatus designed to make a window envelope rapidly using a water-soluble clarifying agent without causing an inconvenience in its window area. Upstream of an envelope making stage wherein a continuous paper while traveling along a continuous path of travel is successively folded, pasted and cut to form an envelope, a water-soluble clarifying agent is applied to an area on the continuous paper that is designed to become the transparent window in the envelope and the continuous paper carrying the clarifying agent is wound on a plurality of drying cylinders so that its surface carrying the clarifying agent faces outwards to dry the clarifying agent while holding the surface of paper carrying the clarifying agent out of contact with the drying cylinders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2008
    Assignees: Miyakoshi Printing Machinery Co., Ltd., AD. Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenji Abe, Akihiko Nakao, Masahiro Naka, Masahiro Sumida
  • Patent number: 6984418
    Abstract: On a support, a porous resin layer which is opaque in a water-unabsorbed state and capable of turning transparent in a water-absorbed state is formed, and also a water-repellent resin layer is so provided as to exist in the porous resin layer at its some area or areas in a co-existent state, to make up a water-metachromatic laminate. A novel toy element can be provided in which latent images standing invisible in a normal condition are rendered visible by means of water as a medium so as to be visually distinguished.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2006
    Assignee: The Pilot Ink Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akio Nakashima, Hisayoshi Kato
  • Patent number: 6923997
    Abstract: An antifogging composition for food packaging containers comprising (i) an antifogging nonionic surfactant blend comprising a fatty acid ester and an ethoxylated compound and (ii) acetone. An antifogging composition comprising (i) an antifogging nonionic surfactant blend comprising a fatty acid ester and an ethoxylated compound and (ii) a solvent selected from methyl acetate, isopropyl alcohol, ethanol, and mixtures thereof. A method of defogging a food packaging container surface comprising selecting a surface; providing (i) an antifogging nonionic surfactant blend comprising a fatty acid ester and an ethoxylated compound and (ii) acetone to form an antifogging composition; and applying the antifogging composition to the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2005
    Assignee: Pactiv Corporation
    Inventor: William F. Patchen
  • Patent number: 6902770
    Abstract: The invention provides an improved method of transparentizing a paper substrate to produce a translucent area or “window” through which information and data are displayed. The method of the invention applies a transparentizing material to a preselected application site of the paper substrate, and exposes the transparentizing material to heat for a predetermined period of time to help facilitate penetration of the transparentizing material into the paper substrate and prevent migration of the transparentizing material from the application site. The rate of penetration of the transparentizing material into the paper substrate reduces the time and increases the efficiency of the transparentizing process. The invention also provides a paper substrate and a one-piece paper assembly in which a translucent area or “window” is formed according to the method of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Assignee: Infoseal L.L.C.
    Inventors: Roger A. Dulin, Robert A. DeMattia, Bryan S. O'Mary, Michael Burris
  • Publication number: 20040209068
    Abstract: A method for forming an anti-glaring and anti-reflecting film is disclosed in this invention. According to this invention, an anti-glaring and anti-reflecting film can be produced by a single coating process. Therefore, according to this invention, the manufacture of the anti-glaring and anti-reflecting film can be simplified, and the yield thereof can be improved. Preferably, the anti-glaring and anti-reflecting film of this invention further comprises the functions of anti-fouling and hard-coating. Accordingly, the design of this invention can provide a more powerful anti-glaring and anti-reflecting film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2003
    Publication date: October 21, 2004
    Inventors: Chyi-Hung Lin, Ta-Wang Lai, Bor-Ping Wang, Feng-Yu Huang, Shun-Hsiang Ke, Hsiu-Min Feng
  • Patent number: 6649213
    Abstract: In accordance with the invention, there are provided methods for affixing a transparent coating upon a substrate, such as canvas, paper, cardboard or the like, that optionally has an image printed or otherwise recorded thereon, the coating effective to repel water and to prevent smearing or running of inks that are not water-fast, such as, for example, water-based inks used in ink-jet printers. In accordance with the invention, a coating composition including a particulate thermoplastic resin a plasticizer and, optionally, one or more of a wetting agent, a light stabilizer, an ultraviolet light absorber and a flatting agent is applied on the substrate and heated to cure the composition to a transparent, flexible, water-impervious coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2003
    Inventors: George Debikey, Michael Pohlad
  • Patent number: 6537931
    Abstract: A coated fabric having desirable weight and high durability, and particular utility in the manufacture of linings for particular articles is described. The fabric has a textile substrate which is coated to provide a structure having an abrasion resistance of at least about 750 cycles to failure when tested according to ASTM D 3884, and more preferably at least about 2200 cycles to failure. The coating is desirably transparent so that the pre-coated shade of the textile substrate is altered less than about 15%, and more preferably less than about 1%, when the fabric is coated. More particularly, the absolute value of the difference in shade depth of the coated fabric and the textile substrate is less than about 0.2, so that no visible shade change results. A method for producing the fabric and articles incorporating the fabric are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2003
    Inventors: Robert E. Pflug, J. Travis Dorn, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6349569
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for making a stain-resistant float glass and an apparatus for carrying out such a method. In keeping with this method, SO3 is applied to the upper surface of float glass in an amount efficacious to materially reduce staining of the upper surface of the glass. Optimally, SO3 gas can be applied directly onto the upper surface of the glass. An apparatus of the invention generally includes a downwardly open hood positioned above the upper surface of the glass and having walls defining an enclosure. SO3 gas (either as such or as a reactive mixture of S02 gas and an oxygen-containing gas) is delivered through a delivery tube to the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2002
    Assignee: Cardinal FG Company
    Inventors: Mark Piper, Al Slavich, Chris Granley, Roger O'Shaughnessy
  • Patent number: 6071604
    Abstract: A process for making a light-reflective bicycle frame and a light-reflective bicycle frame made therefrom are provided. The process includes: preparing a bicycle frame, providing a transparent adhesive layer on the bicycle frame, spreading uniformly light-reflective particles on the transparent adhesive layer to form a light-reflective particle layer which is substantially free of any superimposed or overlapping particles, and providing a transparent protective layer on the light-reflective particle layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2000
    Assignee: Giant Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jeff Chen, Honda Cheng
  • Patent number: 5993603
    Abstract: Transparentized paper is prepared by impregnating a paper web with a solution of a sucrose acetate isobutyrate in a lower alcohol and removing the residual alcohol. The preferred paper is 100% cotton rag content, the preferred lower alcohol solvent contains up to 5 carbon atoms, particularly isopropanol. In production, the transparentizing solution is applied to one side of a travelling paper web, excess solution is removed by an air knife, wire wound rod or other means, and residual solvent is removed by impinging hot air on the travelling web. The sucrose acetate isobutyrate can also be applied when fluidized by heating and in the absence of a solvent. The preferred content of sucrose acetate isobutyrate residual in the paper web is from about 10% to about 50% of the paper content of the transparentized paper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1999
    Assignee: Association of Capital and Employees, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert C. Johnston
  • Patent number: 5965196
    Abstract: A hot-melt ink composition, which is solid at room temperature, comprises a wax having a melting point of about C. or above, a resin and a colorant. The resin has a softening point higher than the melting point of the wax in order to obtain a transparent image, or the resin has a softening point lower than the melting point of the wax in order to obtain an opaque image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1999
    Assignee: Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Hidemasa Sawada
  • Patent number: 5849398
    Abstract: A transparentized paper is prepared by coating a transparentizing medium on to a paper substrate by a screen coating process. The method may be carried out on a continuous basis, and the medium may comprise an ultra-violet curable resin. Also disclosed is a universal vellum prepared according to the method of the invention, and having a first side which has a smooth texture and may be utilized for electrostatic, pen plotter and xerographic applications, and a second side having a rougher texture which may be utilized for drafting and ink-jet printing applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1998
    Assignee: Azon Corporation
    Inventor: Linda M. Petrosky
  • Patent number: 5789019
    Abstract: A method for protecting against forgery a printed document comprises the step of applying on the document, during the printing thereof, a microcapsule layer. This layer comprises microcapsules including a chemical product adapted to release an indelible mark which reveals tampering on surfaces portions of a document subjected to a pressing or rubbing tampering force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1998
    Assignee: Alagao Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Vittorio Vigano
  • Patent number: 5772925
    Abstract: An anti-reflective coating composition comprising a polyimide dissolved in an organic solvent is used to form an anti-reflective coating beneath a chemical amplification type resist layer. The composition allows a fine resist pattern to be formed with high accuracy in a convenient, efficient, reproducible manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Assignee: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Watanabe, Toshinobu Ishihara, Ichiro Kaneko, Katsuyuki Oikawa, Yoshihumi Takeda
  • Patent number: 5723175
    Abstract: A coating composition which imparts anti-reflective and anti-fog properties to substrates coated therewith. The coating composition utilizes an inorganic metal oxide in combination with silane or a siloxane oligomer. The coating compositions are particularly useful in the manufacture of disposable surgical masks and face shields. Methods of coating are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Matthew T. Scholz, George V. Tiers
  • Patent number: 5648115
    Abstract: A method for making a tantala/silica interference filter on a vitreous substrate, the filter retaining integrity at temperatures in excess of C., includes the steps of applying to the vitreous substrate a first coating of vitreous silica doped with submicron-sized particles, depositing on the first coating by low pressure chemical vapor deposition the filter which comprises a second coating comprising alternating layers of tantala and silica, and heat treating the substrate and first and second coatings to bond the filter to the substrate. There is further provided an electric lamp having an envelope made in accordance with the above method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 15, 1997
    Assignee: Osram Sylvania Inc.
    Inventors: Gautam Bandyopadhyay, Keith A. Klinedinst, Silvia E. Lichtensteiger
  • Patent number: 5587206
    Abstract: An applicator for coating sheet material has a relatively thick compressible, saturable layer for engaging the sheet which is effective to apply an optically clear coating when saturated with a flood of liquid coating composition. The coated article has virtually no visible defects and has high optical transmission and low haze.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1996
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: William C. Paul, Ronald F. Sieloff
  • Patent number: 5478610
    Abstract: A method of fabricating high quality layered structure oxide ferroelectric thin films. The deposition process is a chemical vapor deposition process involving chemical reaction between volatile metal organic compounds of various elements comprising the layered structure material to be deposited, with other gases in a reactor, to produce a nonvolatile solid that deposits on a suitably placed substrate such as a conducting, semiconducting, insulating, or complex integrated circuit substrate. The source materials for this process may include organometallic compounds such as alkyls, alkoxides, .beta.-diketonates or metallocenes of each individual element comprising the layered structure material to be deposited and oxygen. Preferably, the reactor in which the deposition is done is either a hot wall or a cold wall reactor and the vapors are introduced into this reactor either through a set of bubblers or through a direct liquid injection system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1995
    Assignees: Ceram Incorporated, Sharp Kabushiki, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
    Inventors: Seshu B. Desu, W. Tao
  • Patent number: 5419923
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing tracing paper, comprising coating a plastic film with a coating material. The coating material comprises a solvent system, adhesives, writable inorganic pigments and surfactants. The solvent system contains 50-80% by weight of aliphatic solvent and 20-50% by weight of aromatic solvent. The coating material includes 20-60% by weight of solid components. The inorganic pigments are in an amount of 30-60% based on the weight of the solid components of the coating material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1995
    Assignee: Shinkong Synthetic Fiber Corp.
    Inventors: Jeremiah Chen, C. C. Chang
  • Patent number: 5393443
    Abstract: A hard-coating, heat-absorbing composition which is capable of absorbing near-infrared rays from sunlight and a heat-shielding substance is disclosed. The composition comprises a silicone varnish for hard-coating comprising polysiloxane and, dissolved therein, diphenylthiourea and copper monobutyl-o-phthalate. It can be applied to plastic substrate and heated to cure the silicone varnish, whereupon curing of polysiloxane and production of a heat-absorbing compound are simultaneously effected. The composition ensures to provide various substrates with a heat-shielding characteristic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1995
    Assignee: Jujo Paper Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshimi Satake, Tomoaki Nagai, Miyuki Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 5346767
    Abstract: A method of coating is disclosed which is based on applying a composition which is based on colloidal silica dispersed in a silanol or methacrylic derived polymer system or an aminoplast resin to an article of a polybutylene terepthalate or polyethylene terephthalate, or blends of polybutylene terephthalate and polyethylene terephthalate, which optionally include a polycarbonate, or optionally include a polyether ester or polyetherimide ester and a heavy inorganic filler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 13, 1994
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Mark G. Tilley, Robert R. Gallucci
  • Patent number: 5330921
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a semiconductor device wherein after forming a titanium silicide thin film on a silicon substrate, dopant impurities are implanted into the silicon substrate through the titanium silicide thin film so as to form shallow p.sup.+ -n junctions in the silicon substrate. At least one of the following conditions (1) to (3) is satisfied: (1) forty to seventy percent of the total implant dose is within the n-type silicon substrate; (2) the projected range is set at the depth corresponding to 90% to 125% of the titanium silicide film thickness; and (3) the dopant dose that comes to rest within the n-type silicon substrate is in the range of 2.0.times.10.sup.15 /cm.sup.2 to 3.5.times.10.sup.15 /cm.sup.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1994
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takehito Yoshida, Shinichi Ogawa
  • Patent number: 5324353
    Abstract: A method for increasing the optical transmission characteristics of zinc sulfide in the visible and infrared portions of electromagnetic spectrum is described. Materials such as metals and, in particular, transition metals are diffused through the zinc sulfide material over a duration of time sufficient to cause the material to turn substantially water clear and substantially colorless.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1994
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Joseph M. Wahl, Randal W. Tustison, Thomas Y. Wong
  • Patent number: 5292588
    Abstract: Provided is a process for preparing a stable dispersion. The dispersion is comprised of a pigment, such as cuprous iodide, dispersed in a binder resin solution. The process is comprised of first dispersing the pigment into a binder resin solution, grinding the dispersion, preferably until a bi-modal distribution of pigment particles is obtained, separating the dispersed particles into two fractions and then recovering the fraction having the smaller average particle size. The resulting dispersion has been found to be quite stable and useful in transparent coatings applicable to electrophotography, electrostatic and thermal imaging elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1994
    Assignee: Rexham Graphics Inc.
    Inventor: Boris J. Katsen
  • Patent number: 5240737
    Abstract: In a method of manufacturing printed circuit boards by coating a flux preventive film for preventing a flux from rising on a component surface of an insulation board, the method of manufacturing printed circuit boards according to the present invention is characterized in that said method comprises the steps of printing white blank marks, white blank symbols and white blank letters corresponding to symbol marks, other symbols and letters on the component side surface of said insulation board before coating said flux preventive film, and then coating said flux preventive film of a transparent or translucent material on the printed surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1993
    Assignee: Nippon CMK Corp.
    Inventors: Shin Kawakami, Hirotaka Okonogi, Junichi Ichikawa
  • Patent number: 5118526
    Abstract: A method of producing a simulated watermark in which intense, focused heat is momentarily applied, in the desired watermark pattern, onto a thin solid matrix of waxy material placed in contact with a sheet of uncoated paper. This results in impression of a durable translucent mark. The wax penetrates the paper without the need wither for chemical action or the application of significant direct pressure, and creates regions of translucence in the paper fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1992
    Assignee: Regal Press, Incorporated
    Inventors: Philip R. Allen, James E. Nangle
  • Patent number: H2123
    Abstract: A process for producing flat or parabolic mirrors for visible wavelength applications is described and includes the steps of casting onto a substrate of substantially the selected mirror shape a liquid polymer resin in multiple cured layers whereby the last applied layer has the selected mirror shape unaffected by topography flaws in the surface of the substrate. A reflective coating may then be applied to the last applied and cured resin layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2005
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: David H. Mollenhauer, John D. Camping