Organic Coating Patents (Class 427/220)
  • Patent number: 10377979
    Abstract: The invention provides methods of cleaning including the use of a soil release polymer. In some embodiments, the soil release polymer can be included in a neutral to low alkalinity prewash or main wash that is substantially free of hydroxide-based alkalinity. In some embodiments, the soil release polymer can be included in a neutral to low alkalinity prewash that is substantially free of hydroxide-based alkalinity, followed by an alkaline main wash with any alkalinity source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Ecolab USA Inc.
    Inventors: Steven Lundberg, Jonathan P. Fast, Thomas Duerrschmidt, Thomas Merz, Jason Lang
  • Patent number: 10365407
    Abstract: Techniques and optically excited light-emitting devices based on phosphors are provided to use phosphor materials which absorb excitation light to emit visible light and include a composite phosphor material including two or more different transition metal compounds that, under optical excitation of the excitation light, emit visible light at spectrally close but different spectral wavelengths or bands that spectrally overlap to produce a desired color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: PRYSM, INC.
    Inventors: Sergey A. Bukesov, Louis S. Stuhl
  • Patent number: 9988289
    Abstract: A water treatment product and a method of water treatment are disclosed. The water treatment product comprises a layer and a water treating agent. The layer comprises a substance sensitive to a parameter directly or indirectly indicative of water quality of a body of water to which the layer is exposed. The layer deteriorates when the parameter indicative of water quality is poor. The water treating agent is thereby exposed to the body of water when the layer deteriorates, thereby improving the water quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Inventors: Emmanuel Mastio, Craig Andrews, Bengu Bozkaya-Schrotter
  • Patent number: 9896649
    Abstract: The present application relates to encapsulated benefit agents, compositions comprising such encapsulated benefit agents and processes for making and using compositions comprising such encapsulated benefit agents that do not require or require a reduced amount of scavenger materials. Such encapsulated benefit agents, compositions comprising such encapsulated benefit agents are processed such that no or lower levels of scavenger materials are required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: ENCAPSYS, LLC
    Inventors: Jiten Odhavji Dihora, Walter Franciscus Joanna Vanderveken, Sanford Theodore Kirksey, Jr., John Charles DeBraal, Robert Stanley Bobnock, Adam Keith Druckrey, Gary Thomas Hart
  • Patent number: 9856388
    Abstract: Disclosed are a titanium dioxide nano ink having such a strong dispersibility as to be applicable by inkjet printing and having adequate viscosity without requiring printing several times, and a titanium dioxide nano particle modified by a surface stabilizer included therein. Inkjet printing of the titanium dioxide nano ink enables printing of a minute electrode. In addition, efficiency of a solar cell may be maximized since occurrence of pattern cracking is minimized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Ki Chun Lee, Yong Jun Jang
  • Patent number: 9318646
    Abstract: The present invention addresses the problem of providing an LED device having no color unevenness in light emission. In order to solve the problem, this LED device manufacturing method includes: a step of providing an LED chip-mounted package; a step of film-forming a fluorescent material layer by applying a fluorescent material-dispersed solution to a emission surface of the LED chip, said fluorescent material-dispersed solution containing a solvent, a fluorescent material, clay minerals and porous inorganic particles, and by drying the fluorescent material-dispersed solution; and a step of film-forming a wavelength conversion section by applying, to the fluorescent material layer, a precursor solution having a precursor of a light transmissive ceramic dispersed in a solvent, and by firing the layer, said wavelength conversion section being composed of a light transmissive ceramic layer having the fluorescent material, the clay minerals and the porous inorganic particles dispersed therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventor: Yoshihito Taguchi
  • Publication number: 20150147469
    Abstract: A method of producing silica-based particles includes, when a dispersion liquid of composite oxide particles is prepared by simultaneously adding an aqueous silicate solution and/or an acidic silicic acid solution and an aqueous solution of an alkali-soluble inorganic compound in an alkali aqueous solution or in an alkali aqueous solution with seed particles dispersed therein, if required, the aqueous silicate solution and/or the acidic silicic acid solution and the aqueous solution of alkali-soluble inorganic compound are added so that the molar ratio of MOx/SiO2 are in a range from 0.01 to 2, herein MOx denoting an inorganic oxide other than silica and SiO2 denoting silica to prepare the dispersion liquid of composite oxide particles with an average diameter (Dp1) in a range from 3 to 300 nm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2015
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Ryo MURAGUCHI, Mitsuaki KUMAZAWA, Toshiharu HIRAI
  • Publication number: 20150125601
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for the production of nano-sized silicon particles via a low-temperature chemical solid-liquid reaction between a silicon-containing compound and a reducing agent. Embodiments of the present invention provide a production method that is cost-effective, while producing elemental silicon having purity, particle sizes, and stability suitable for energetics applications including solid propulsion additives, igniters, flares, decoys, and liquid fuel catalysts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: David J. IRVIN
  • Patent number: 9011710
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for synthesizing nanocomposite materials including ferromagnetic nanoparticles with polymer shells formed by controlled surface polymerization. The polymer shells prevent the nanoparticles from forming agglomerates and preserve the size dispersion of the nanoparticles. The nanocomposite particles can be further networked in suitable polymer hosts to tune mechanical, optical, and thermal properties of the final composite polymer system. An exemplary method includes forming a polymer shell on a nanoparticle surface by adding molecules of at least one monomer and optionally of at least one tethering agent to the nanoparticles, and then exposing to electromagnetic radiation at a wavelength selected to induce bonding between the nanoparticle and the molecules, to form a polymer shell bonded to the particle and optionally to a polymer host matrix. The nanocomposite materials can be used in various magneto-optic applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona
    Inventors: Palash Gangopadhyay, Alejandra Lopez-Santiago, Robert A. Norwood
  • Patent number: 8991211
    Abstract: Methods for producing glass articles of a wide range of geometrical shapes, including shapes that are heretofore difficult or impossible to make monolithically. The glass articles are made by first building the nascent glass article from glass powder and a binder using a three-dimensional printing free-form fabrication process followed by sintering the nascent glass article at a temperature that is hundreds of degrees above the glass powder composition's glass transition temperature while supporting the nascent glass article in a bed of an inert powder having a high flowability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: The ExOne Company
    Inventors: John C. Arlotti, Paul Knor
  • Patent number: 8980370
    Abstract: A method for making a composite carbon nanotube structure includes the following steps. An organic solvent, a polymer, and a carbon nanotube structure are provided. The polymer is dissolved in the organic solvent to obtain a polymer solution. The carbon nanotube film structure is soaked with the polymer solution. A contact angle between the organic solvent and a carbon nanotube is less than 90 degrees.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kai Liu, Ying-Hui Sun, Kai-Li Jiang, Shou-Shan Fan
  • Patent number: 8969234
    Abstract: A method of preparing a fuel cell electrode catalyst by preparing a platinum-carbon core-shell composite, which has a platinum nanoparticle core and a graphene carbon shell, using a simultaneous evaporation process, a method for preparing a fuel cell electrode comprising the catalyst prepared thereby, and a fuel cell comprising the same. A fuel cell comprising an electrode catalyst consisting of the core-shell composite prepared by simultaneously evaporating the platinum precursor and the organic precursor can have high performance and high durability, because the platinum particles are not agglomerated or detached and corroded even under severe conditions, including high-temperature, long use term, acidic and alkaline conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Hee-Yeon Kim, Seok-yong Hong
  • Patent number: 8962140
    Abstract: Functionalized nanoparticles, which are obtainable by combining in a first step a functionalized dyestuff, a silicon-based spacer and a catalyst, and in a second step reacting the product obtained in the first step with a co-reactive organic silicon, aluminum, zirconium or titanium compound. Optionally, the thus obtained functionalized nanoparticles can be combined or encapsulated with a polymer. The functionalized nanoparticles are useful as colorants and fluorescents in plastics, paints, inks, electronic materials, cosmetic articles, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Martin Müller, Didier Bauer, Thomas Ruch, Leonhard Feiler, Wolfgang Schlenker, Christian Cremer
  • Patent number: 8961682
    Abstract: Hydrophilic coating compositions and methods to make and use the compositions are disclosed. The compositions include a photocatalytic pigment material made up of an inorganic pigment and a monomeric anti-oxidants and free radical scavenger that is contacted to the surface of the inorganic pigment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventors: William Brenden Carlson, Angele Sjong, Feng Wan, Timothy Londergan
  • Patent number: 8956691
    Abstract: A method for producing organic-inorganic composite particles includes preparing a cyclic olefin monomer expressed by general formula (1) and inorganic particles coated with a compound having a carbon-carbon double bond, and binding at least one of the cyclic olefin monomer and a cyclic olefin polymer derived from the cyclic olefin monomer to the carbon-carbon double cong by bringing the cyclic olefin monomer into contact with the inorganic particles in the presence of a catalyst for ring opening metathesis polymerization of the cyclic olefin monomer:
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Seiji Okada
  • Patent number: 8945287
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to active particle-enhanced membrane and methods for making and using the same. In some embodiments, a breathable membrane includes a base material solution and active particles. The active particles incorporated in the membrane may improve or add various desirable properties to the membrane, such as for example, the moisture vapor transport capability, the odor adsorbance, the anti-static properties, or the stealth properties of the membrane. In some embodiments, the base material may exhibit water-proof properties when converted into non-solution state, and thereby result in a water-proof membrane. In some embodiments, the active particles may be protected from losing activity before, during, or after (or any combination thereof) the process of producing the membrane. The membrane may be applied to a substrate, or may be used independent of a substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Cocona, Inc.
    Inventor: Gregory W. Haggquist
  • Patent number: 8945673
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing grafted Group IV nanoparticles is provided and includes a source of Group IV nanoparticles. A chamber is configured to carry the nanoparticles in a gas phase and has an inlet and an exit. The inlet configured to couple to an organic molecule source which is configured to provide organic molecules to the chamber. A plasma source is arranged to generate a plasma. The plasma causes the organic molecules to break down and/or activate in the chamber and bond to the nanoparticles. A method of producing grafted Group IV nanoparticles is also provided and includes receiving Group IV nanoparticles in a gas phase, creating a plasma with the nanoparticles, and allowing the organic molecules to break down and/or become activated in the plasma and bond with the nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignees: Regents of the University of Minnesota, Innovalight, Inc.
    Inventors: Lorenzo Mangolini, Uwe Kortshagen, Rebecca J. Anthony, David Jurbergs, Xuegeng Li, Elena Rogojina
  • Publication number: 20150027050
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods of forming coated metal oxide particles, suspensions of such coated particles, particles comprising functionalised surface coatings and to fortification of food crops with coated metal oxide particles. Embodiments disclosed include a method of fortifying a food crop with a trace element, the method comprising growing the food crop in a growth medium comprising the trace element in the form of metal oxide particles coated with an organic compound, and a food crop fortified with a trace element in the form of metal oxide particles. Also disclosed is a method of forming coated particles, the method comprising: providing a first quantity of metal oxide particles; providing a second quantity of a coating material comprising an organic compound; and mechanically mixing the metal oxide particles with the coating material in a dry mixing process to provide a mixture comprising the metal oxide particles coated with the organic compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: The Nottingham Trent University
    Inventors: Gareth Wynn Vaughan Cave, Victoria Jane Mundell
  • Publication number: 20150030768
    Abstract: The present invention has an object to provide a flaky particulate material giving skin an excellent smoothness, which is free from whitening problem upon use thereof owing to its high transparency. The present invention also has another object to provide a cosmetic composition containing the flaky particulate material. The present invention relates to flaky particulate material, which has an average coefficient of friction is not more than 0.50, and a total light transmittance is not less than 85%. A particle in the flaky particulate material comprises a substrate particle made of one material selected from the group consisting of mica, a synthetic mica, sericite, talc, barium sulfate and aluminum oxide. The present invention provides a flaky particulate material that gives skin excellent smoothness, a natural tone, and a matt appearance. The flaky particulate material of the present invention gives a cosmetic composition which provides great comfort of use, and an excellent appearance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Keiji ONO, Takuro ASHIDA, Hiroyuki IZUMIKAWA, Hirobumi YOSHIDA
  • Patent number: 8932671
    Abstract: Nano-composites include a graphite material such as nanotubes or graphene sheets and a partial or complete coating of a polymer including sufficient ?-conjugated moieties to interact with surfaces of the graphite material. The polymers may also include electropolymerizable or oxidatively polymerizable moieties so the films may be crosslinked. The films may be used to form layers on substrates or patterned layers on substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: The University of Houston System
    Inventor: Rigoberto Advincula
  • Patent number: 8920680
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus relate to methods of making carbonaceous material or coating from a precursor. Oxidation of hydrocarbons forming the precursor occurs upon adding an oxidation agent to a mixture of the precursor and a solvent for the precursor. The oxidation of the hydrocarbons yields constituents that are insoluble in the solvent and may not melt. The constituents that are insoluble in the solvent may further coat solid particles, if the solid particles are provided in the mixture. Carbonization of solids recovered by separation from liquids in the mixture increases carbon weight percent of the constituents that are insoluble in the solvent. The methods result in products that provide the carbonaceous material or coating and are suitable for use in electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Pyrotek, Inc.
    Inventor: Zhenhua Mao
  • Patent number: 8916328
    Abstract: There is provided a forming a solution by mixing at least a polymeric silane, a solvent, acetone, acetic acid, and a rheological enhancer, wherein the rheological enhancer may comprise an acrylic latex; and agitating the solution. Also provided are methods of using the same in coated articles, and coated articles themselves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventor: Pramod K. Sharma
  • Patent number: 8900708
    Abstract: Disclosed is a resin-coated metal pigment comprising 100 parts by weight of a metal pigment and 0.1 to 50 parts by weight of a resin, wherein the resin is attached on the surface of the metal pigment. The resin-coated metal pigment is produced by circulating a portion of a slurry solution containing the metal pigment in an external-circulation type vessel during the resin coating treatment in a reaction vessel and applying a vibration to the external-circulation type vessel with an ultrasonic wave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Fahmi Yunazar, Shigeki Katsuta
  • Publication number: 20140338571
    Abstract: A method of forming an aggregate. The method comprising forming a green pellet including waste glass and additive(s). The unfired pellets are coated with a refractory material and sintered such that some of the additive/additives breaks down to generate gas which is at least partially retained in the microstructure of the mixture to form pores, the additive/additives so being that upon heating the additive/additives and glass combine to produce glass ceramics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: NOVAGG LIMITED
    Inventor: Michael EVANS
  • Patent number: 8883255
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for producing a resin-coated metal pigment comprising 100 parts by weight of a metal pigment and 0.1 to 50 parts by weight of a resin, wherein the resin is attached on the surface of the metal pigment, the process comprising applying an ultrasonic vibration during resin coating treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Fahmi Yunazar, Shigeki Katsuta
  • Patent number: 8883312
    Abstract: Zinc oxide particles having high transparency in visible light and high shielding properties in a ultraviolet region, with surface treatment of inactivating photocatalytic activity applied thereto, and a dispersion thereof. A manufacturing method of surface treated zinc oxide particles, including: a first step of mixing a dispersion liquid with zinc oxide particles dispersed in a solvent, and silicone resin having polysiloxane bond with at least one or more silicon atoms having a silanol group (Si—OH) and/or alkoxy silyl group (Si—OR, wherein R is alkyl group); obtaining a mixed solution containing a surface treated zinc oxide particles precursor, with the silicone resin adsorbed on the surface of each zinc oxide particle and the solvent, and drying and solidifying the mixed solution by applying heat treatment thereto, to thereby manufacture a dried body; and a second step of pulverizing the dried body, to thereby manufacture the surface treated zinc oxide particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kayo Yabuki, Atsushi Tofuku
  • Patent number: 8877320
    Abstract: A microfluidic device comprising: a substrate having a microfluidic channel, an electrically conductive feature comprising an electrically conductive layer arranged on a primer layer and positioned with reference to the microfluidic channel, wherein the primer layer comprises: (i) an organic polymer selected from the group consisting of. (a) a homopolymer or copolymer including a vinyl lactam repeating unit, (b) a cellulose ether; (c) polyvinyl alcohol; and (d) unmodified or modified gelatin; and (ii) a porous particulate material, the organic polymer being dispersed in the porous particulate material, is provided. Methods for manufacturing the microfluidic devices and their use in a number of applications are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Sony DADC Austria AG
    Inventors: Andrew John Naisby, Miguel Angel Torello Arevalo, Josef Kugler, Wolfgang Franz Reiter
  • Patent number: 8871310
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a surface-modified tantalum oxide nanoparticle, a method for preparation thereof, a contrast agent (medium) for X-ray computed tomography, and a highly dielectric (high-?) film using the same. In particular, the present invention is directed to a surface-modified tantalum oxide nanoparticle, a method for preparing surface-modified tantalum oxide nanoparticles, comprising: (i) adding an aqueous phase to an organic solvent which contains a surfactant, to prepare a water-in-oil microemulsion; (ii) introducing a tantalum precursor to said microemulsion; (iii) adding a surface-modifier having an organic silane group or phosphine group to a solution obtained at the step (ii); (iv) removing said organic solvent from a product obtained at the step (iii); and (v) separating surface-modified tantalum oxide nanoparticles from a mixture obtained at the step (iv), a contrast agent for X-ray computed tomography, and a highly dielectric (thin) film using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: SNU R&DB Foundation
    Inventors: Taeghwan Hyeon, Myoung Hwan Oh
  • Publication number: 20140308443
    Abstract: A method of producing powder product includes the steps of: Feeding a precursor powder material into a jet mill; feeding a gas into the jet mill to initiate a jet milling operation to produce size-reduced particles; and coating size-reduced particles with oil so that newly exposed surfaces of size-reduced particles are coated with oil, wherein the coating step includes one or more of a post-milling oil injection process and a pre-milling oil injection process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventors: Gregory Rue Logue, Larry Giannotti, Gary G. de Gala, James A. Cole, David L. Cottrell
  • Patent number: 8858821
    Abstract: A water treatment composition capable of effectively adsorbing pollutants from water is described. The composition includes magnetic extractants, which comprise magnetite nanoparticles containing functional groups. The composition is used to remove from water and aqueous streams oils and other contaminants. A process for removing contaminants from water and apparatus used in the process are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology
    Inventors: Sulaiman M. Alfadul, Abdulrahman I. Alabdula'aly, Mujahid A. Khan
  • Patent number: 8834965
    Abstract: Processes for producing organoamine-stabilized silver nanoparticles are disclosed. The processes comprise: (a) forming a solution comprising an organic solvent and a first amount of organoamine; (b) adding silver salt particles to the solution; (c) adding a second amount of organoamine to the solution; (d) adding an organohydrazine to the solution; and (e) reacting the solution to form organoamine-stabilized silver nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Mahya Mokhtari, Marko D. Saban, Roger Earl Gaynor
  • Patent number: 8815339
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are a surface modifier for metal oxide particles and a method of modifying the surface of metal oxide particles using the same. The surface modifier consists either of an alkylsilanepolyol containing a cyclic alkyl group capable of imparting steric hindrance or of a mixture of said alkylsilanepolyol with alkylalkoxysilane, and the method of modifying the surface of metal oxide particles comprises coating the surface modifier on the hydrophilic surface of the metal oxide particles through chemical bonding so as to impart hydrophobicity or amphiphilicity (hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity) and reactivity to the surface of the metal oxide particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Bok Ryul Yoo, Joon Soo Han, Weon Cheol Lim, Yong Su Jung
  • Patent number: 8758854
    Abstract: To obtain a sugar-plum shaped composite particle, a reaction vessel with 300 parts by weight of water placed therein is charged with 30 parts by weight of polymethyl methacraylate resin particles of 2 ?m average particle diameter, and ultrasonic waves are applied to the mixture for 1 minute to obtain a particle dispersion liquid. Subsequently, 15 parts by weight of methyltrimethoxysilane is added to the dispersion liquid to obtain methyltrimethoxysilane hydrolyzates in the dispersion liquid. Thereafter, 10 parts by weight of 1 weight % aqueous ammonia is added thereto and agitated. One minute later, the agitation is discontinued, and the mixture is allowed to stand still for 10 hours to effect maturation. The resultant mixture is filtered and dried to obtain sugar-plum-shaped particles provided on their surfaces with polyorganosiloxane projections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Nikko Rica Corporation
    Inventors: Masanori Ishii, Keisuke Shiraishi
  • Patent number: 8741432
    Abstract: Coated particles comprise a core of fumed or precipitated inorganic metal oxide having a surface area of about 50 to about 500 square meters per gram and a shell consisting of an array of fluoroalkyl molecular chains at a density of at least 1 chain per square nanometer, joined to the core by covalent chemical bonds and with a total organic content of at least 9.9 percent by weight. These particles are formed by the chemical attachment of fluoroalkyl-alkylsilanes after exposure to an alkylamine and followed by an extraction to remove any organic material not covalently bound. The dense packing of molecular chains in the fluoroalkyl shell combined with a mesoporous structure imparts a very low surface energy, a very high specific surface area, and surface texture over a wide range of length scales. Such features are highly desirable for the creation of, for example, superhydrophobic and superoleophobic surfaces, separation media, and release films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Raymond Campos, Timothy Haddad, Joseph M. Mabry, Andrew J. Guenthner
  • Patent number: 8734946
    Abstract: A product which at least partly comprises an agglomerate formed from a powder having a pre-determined wettability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: The Queen's University of Belfast
    Inventors: Steven Ernest John Bell, Iain Alexander Larmour, Graham Charles Saunders
  • Patent number: 8734899
    Abstract: The present invention relates to particles which have been modified by a modifier and a dispersion medium comprising the modified particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Imme Domke, Andrey Karpov, Hartmut Hibst, Radoslav Parashkov, Ingolf Hennig, Marcel Kastler, Friederike Fleischhaker, Lothar Weber, Peter Eckerle
  • Patent number: 8734900
    Abstract: Provided are a process for economically preparing a graphene shell having a desired configuration which is applicable in various fields wherein in the process the thickness of the graphene shell can be controlled, and a graphene shell prepared by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-young Choi, Hyeon-Jin Shin, Seon-mi Yoon
  • Patent number: 8715778
    Abstract: The present invention relates to ballast which have a high stability and a long service life and to a process for the production of ballast. These ballast are suitable for railway track laying and road construction and dike systems used for example in costal protection. These ballast comprise ballast stones and polyurethane foams based on a reaction mixture of selected polyisocyanates and selected compounds with isocyanate-reactive groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience AG
    Inventors: Andreas Hoffmann, Heinz-Dieter Ebert, Bert Klesczewski
  • Publication number: 20140105947
    Abstract: The present invention provides compositions for natural cosmetic products and, more particularly, to natural ester, wax or oil treated pigments, the products of such treated pigments and cosmetic products incorporating pigments treated with natural ingredients.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: Kobo Products, Inc.
    Inventors: David Schlossman, Yun Shao
  • Patent number: 8685538
    Abstract: Stable nanoparticles comprising poorly soluble drugs are disclosed, as well as methods of making and methods of using such nanoparticles, e.g., as therapeutics and diagnostics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignees: Northeastern University, Louisiana Tech University Research Foundation, a Division of Louisiana Tech University Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Vladimir Torchilin, Yuri Lvov, Zhiguo Zheng
  • Patent number: 8685159
    Abstract: An adhesion bond strength enhancer for cementitious adhesive mortar is disclosed. The adhesion enhancer improves bond strength between the mortar and relatively hydrophobic plastic material, such as extruded polystyrene boards and expanded polystyrene boards of the type generally employed in Exterior Insulation Finishing Systems (“EIFS”). Preparation of non-caking, free-flowing, solid dialkyl sulfosuccinate compositions for use as the adhesion enhancer is also disclosed. The adhesion enhancer is attractive for large-scale application in mineral mortar dry-mixes or other solid construction materials. The invention can be used to improve the strength of an adhesive bond between a) gypsum based plaster or stucco and concrete or bricks, b) tile adhesives and concrete, and c) mineral mortars on polystyrene boards, among others.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Inventors: Gerald Kratschmer, Jorg Wilken
  • Patent number: 8633261
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polymer composites prepared from a host polymer and particles. Specifically, this invention is concerned with the organic modification of the particles. More specifically, the particles are organically modified with at least two organic modifiers that are different and have specific chemical and physical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: The University of Queensland
    Inventors: Darren Martin, Grant Edwards
  • Publication number: 20140014876
    Abstract: An article comprises an activated carbon core, a hydrophobic agent, and a mercury oxidation facilitation agent. A composition comprises a plurality of activated carbon particles, a hydrophobic agent, and a mercury oxidation facilitation agent. A process for producing treated activated carbon particles comprises the steps of providing activated carbon particles, providing a hydrophobic agent, providing a mercury oxidation facilitation agent, and applying the hydrophobic agent and the mercury oxidation facilitation agent to at least a portion of the activated carbon particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Inventors: Shulong Li, Christopher A. DeSoiza
  • Patent number: 8614256
    Abstract: A hydrophobic precipitated silica having a BET of less than 110 m2/g, a CTAB of less than 150 m2/g, a BET/CTAB ratio of less than 3, a carbon content of greater than 3.1%, a pH of 9.7 to 10.5, a DBP of less than 230 g/(100 g), and a methanol wettability of more than 50%. The hydrophobic precipitated silica is used in compositions including defoamers, silicone rubber and HTV crosslinkable silicone rubber compositions. The hydrophobic precipitated silica is also useful as a flow assistant and carrier or anti-blocking agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Christian Panz, Rene Allerdisse, Helga Obladen, Mario Loebbus, Anja Lukas, Roland Bergmann, Karl Meier
  • Patent number: 8591783
    Abstract: The preparation and use of medical devices having radiopaque and echogenic materials including coated tungsten and/or tungsten carbide particles are disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael J. Ebert, Steven L. Waldhauser, Mark D. Schneider, Gregory P. Shipe
  • Patent number: 8580225
    Abstract: Use of organomodified polysiloxanes which have at least three different polyether radicals, at least two of these polyether radicals differing by at least 9% by mass in the proportion of ethylene oxide units therein in the total weight of the polyether radical, as a release agent or release agent constituent in melt granulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Evonik Goldschmidt GmbH
    Inventors: Rene Haensel, Sabine Giessler-Blank, Stefan Kempka
  • Patent number: 8580141
    Abstract: A method for treating calcium carbonate includes combining calcium carbonate with an amount of stearic acid and an amount of water to form a mixture, the amount of water being at least about 0.1% by weight relative to the total weight. The method further includes blending the mixture to form a stearic acid-treated calcium carbonate composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Imerys Pigments, Inc.
    Inventors: Yash Khanna, David Taylor, David Anstine, Christopher Paynter
  • Patent number: 8568617
    Abstract: Provided is a method of producing an electrode material precursor having a core-shell structure in which the particle size is extremely small and the particle diameter is uniform, and a method of efficiently producing an electrode material using the obtained precursor. The method is for producing an electrode material precursor having a core-shell structure in which an active material core is coated with polyaniline, wherein an oxidizing agent is added to a solution containing aniline and an active raw material to generate fine active material particles, and aniline is polymerized at the surface of the fine particles. An electrode material having a core-shell structure in which an active material core is coated with carbon is produced by subjecting the electrode material precursor obtained in the foregoing production method to heat treatment in a reduction atmosphere at 300 to 900° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Haoshen Zhou, Yonggang Wang
  • Patent number: 8557336
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for coating particulate material are provided. The apparatus includes a vessel having a top and a bottom, a vertically extending conduit having an inlet in the vessel and an outlet outside of the vessel, a first fluid inlet in the bottom of the vessel for introducing a transfer fluid, a second fluid inlet in the bottom of the vessel for introducing a coating fluid, and a fluid outlet from the vessel. The method includes steps of agitating a material, contacting the material with a coating material, and drying the coating material to produce a coated material. The invention may be adapted to coat aerogel beads, among other materials. A coated aerogel bead and an aerogel-based insulation material are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
    Inventors: Howard Littman, Joel L. Plawsky, John D. Paccione
  • Publication number: 20130251900
    Abstract: Refractory metal and refractory metal carbide nanoparticle mixtures and methods for making the same are provided. The nanoparticle mixtures can be painted onto a surface to be coated and heated at low temperatures to form a gas-tight coating. The low temperature formation of refractory metal and refractory metal carbide coatings allows these coatings to be provided on surfaces that would otherwise be uncoatable or very difficult to coat, whether because they are carbon-based materials (e.g., graphite, carbon/carbon composites) or temperature sensitive materials (e.g., materials that would melt, oxidize, or otherwise not withstand temperatures above 800° C.), or because the high aspect ratio of the surface would prevent other coating methods from being effective (e.g., the inner surfaces of tubes and nozzles). The nanoparticle mixtures can also be disposed in a mold and sintered to form fully dense components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2013
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Inventor: Alfred A. Zinn