Base Material Decomposed Or Carbonized Patents (Class 427/227)
  • Patent number: 10435591
    Abstract: An adhesive tape substrate production method disclosed in the present description includes the steps of: decreasing the amount of a sizing agent contained in a glass cloth by heat; impregnating the glass cloth for which the amount of the sizing agent has been decreased with a dispersion of a fluorine resin; and heating the impregnated glass cloth to a temperature equal to or higher than a melting point of the fluorine resin. Thus, an adhesive tape substrate including the glass cloth impregnated with the fluorine resin is obtained. This method are more productive of adhesive tape substrates and adhesive tapes than conventional methods. In addition, adhesive tape substrates and adhesive tapes for which the occurrence of defects in appearance are reduced can be produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: NITTO DENKO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshinori Watanabe, Hiroki Kigami, Yuta Kuroki
  • Patent number: 9117851
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a semiconductor device includes a catalyst underlying layer formed on a substrate including semiconductor elements formed thereon and processed in a wiring pattern, a catalyst metal layer that is formed on the catalyst underlying layer and whose width is narrower than that of the catalyst underlying layer, and a graphene layer growing with a sidewall of the catalyst metal layer set as a growth origin and formed to surround the catalyst metal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Makoto Wada, Yuichi Yamazaki, Akihiro Kajita, Atsunobu Isobayashi, Tatsuro Saito
  • Patent number: 9102118
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for forming a patterned graphene layer on a substrate. One such method includes forming at least one patterned structure of a carbide-forming metal or metal-containing alloy on a substrate, applying a layer of graphene on top of the at least one patterned structure of a carbide-forming metal or metal-containing alloy on the substrate, heating the layer of graphene on top of the at least one patterned structure of a carbide-forming metal or metal-containing alloy in an environment to remove graphene regions proximate to the at least one patterned structure of a carbide-forming metal or metal-containing alloy, and removing the at least one patterned structure of a carbide-forming metal or metal-containing alloy to produce a patterned graphene layer on the substrate, wherein the patterned graphene layer on the substrate provides carrier mobility for electronic devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, Egypt Nanotechnology Center (EGNC)
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Ahmed Maarouf, Glenn J. Martyna, Katherine Saenger
  • Publication number: 20150111028
    Abstract: A process for preparing a conductive carbonized layered article including the steps of: (I) providing a liquid carbon precursor formulation comprising (a) at least one aromatic epoxy resin; and (b)(i) at least one aromatic co-reactive curing agent, (b) (ii) at least one catalytic curing agent, or (b)(iii) a mixture thereof; wherein the liquid precursor composition has a neat viscosity of less than 10,000 mPa-s at 25° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Hamed Lakrout, Maurice J. Marks, Ludovic Valette
  • Patent number: 8956693
    Abstract: A surface treatment device that ejects a combination of precursor substances as a directed flow of surface treatment particles. Planar objects are conveyed along a defined plane through the particle flow, a region on the surface of the planar object that the particle flow hits forming a region of direct impact. The device comprises directing means for directing the particle flow to travel along the surface of the planar object in an extended impact region outside the region of direct impact; and flow control means for controlling the extent of the extended impact region which may include a vortex flow. The exposure of the treated surface with the particle flow increases and the probability of the desired surface treatment processes to take place increases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Beneq Oy
    Inventor: Anssi Hovinen
  • Publication number: 20150044364
    Abstract: There has been a problem that wrinkles easily occur on a carbonaceous film produced by the use of a continuous production method and on a graphite film obtained by heat-treating the carbonaceous film. In the present invention, heating treatment is carried out on a polymeric film while applying pressure to the polymeric film in the film thickness direction with the use of a continuous carbonization apparatus. This makes it possible to obtain a carbonaceous film and a graphite film in which wrinkling is reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: KANEKA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Satoshi Katayama, Yusuke Ohta, Takashi Inada, Makoto Kutsumizu, Yasushi Nishikawa
  • Patent number: 8927057
    Abstract: A method for forming a single, few-layer, or multi-layer graphene and structure is described incorporating selecting a substrate having a buried layer of carbon underneath a metal layer, providing an ambient and providing a heat treatment to pass carbon through the metal layer to form a graphene layer on the metal layer surface or incorporating a metal-carbon layer which is heated to segregate carbon in the form of graphene to the surface or chemically reacting the metal in the metal-carbon layer with a substrate containing Si driving the carbon to the surface whereby graphene is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ageeth A. Bol, Roy A. Carruthers, Jack O. Chu, Alfred Grill, Christian Lavoie, Katherine L. Saenger, James C. Tsang
  • Patent number: 8911830
    Abstract: A method for forming a surface topcoat can include mixing a plurality of carbon nanotubes (CNT) with a thermally decomposable polymer binder to form a thermally decomposable polymer composite. The thermally decomposable polymer composite is mixed with a plurality of fluoroplastic particles, a fluorinated surfactant, and a solvent media to form a coating dispersion. Next, the coating dispersion is applied to a substrate such as a printer fuser member substrate to form a coated substrate. The coated substrate is heated to cure the coating dispersion to form a final coating film on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Yu Qi, Qi Zhang, Nan-Xing Hu
  • Patent number: 8703027
    Abstract: Methods and compositions relate to manufacturing a carbonaceous article from particles that have pitch coatings. Heating the particles that are formed into a shape of the article carbonizes the pitch coatings. The particles interconnect with one another due to being formed into the shape of the article and are fixed together where the pitch coatings along adjoined ones of the particles contact one another and are carbonized to create the article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Phillips 66 Company
    Inventor: Zhenhua Mao
  • Publication number: 20140100104
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of preparing a carbon fiber-reinforced silicon carbide composite material, wherein carbon nanotubes are formed in the composite material, and then metal silicon is melted and infiltrated into the composite material, so the amount of unreacted metal is reduced and the strength of the composite material is improved, and provides a carbon fiber-reinforced silicon carbide composite material prepared by the method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2013
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: KOREA INSTITUTE OF ENERGY RESEARCH
    Inventors: Se-Young KIM, Nam-Jo JEONG, In-Sub HAN, Sang-Kuk WOO, Doo-Won SEO, Kang BAI, Ji-Haeng YU, Sun-Dong KIM
  • Patent number: 8642123
    Abstract: Provided herein is a method for the synthesis and the integration of ZnO nanowires and nanocrystalline diamond as a novel hybrid material useful in next generation MEMS/NEMS devices. As diamond can provide a highly stable surface for applications in the harsh environments, realization of such hybrid structures may prove to be very fruitful. The ZnO nanowires on NCD were synthesized by thermal evaporation technique.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: University of South Florida
    Inventors: Ashok Kumar, Manoj Kumar Singh, Sathyaharish Jeedigunta
  • Patent number: 8613983
    Abstract: The method of laser surface treating pre-prepared zirconia surfaces provides for applying an organic resin in a thin, uniform film to a zirconia surface; maintaining the resin-coated zirconia surface in a controlled chamber at approximately 8 bar pressure at a temperature of approximately 175 degrees Centigrade for approximately 2 hours; heating the resin-coated zirconia surface to approximately 400 degrees Centigrade in an inert gas atmosphere, thereby converting the organic resin to carbon; and irradiating the carbon-coated zirconia surface with a laser beam while applying nitrogen under pressure, thereby forming a zirconium carbonitride coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventors: Bekir Sami Yilbas, Syed Sohail Akhtar, Cihan Karatas
  • Patent number: 8563079
    Abstract: A method of reinforcing a thermoplastic part includes softening a portion of the thermoplastic part to form a pool, embedding fibers in the softened pool, and re-solidifying the pool embedded with fibers into a weld that strengthens the thermoplastic part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Nicole Suulivan, William Bogue, Daniel M. Stadtlander
  • Publication number: 20130248305
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a carbon-ceramic brake disc of the present invention includes a first step of mixing carbon fibers with phenolic resins to produce a mixture; a second step of putting the mixture into a mold pressing the mixture by a press to produce a molded body; a third step of carbonizing the molded body; a fourth step of machining the carbonized molded body; a fifth step of coating the machined molded body with liquid-phase phenol to be cured; a sixth step of melting silicon to be infiltrated into the cured molded body that has been coated with the liquid-phase phenol; and a seventh step of grinding the molded body that has been infiltrated by the silicon. According to present invention, the cracks do not occur in the anti-oxidation coating layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicant: DACC CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yeonho Choi, Hyunkyu Shin, Junsang Lee, Chaewook Cho, Jungsuk Kang, Dongwon Im, Byunggun Chea, Moonsoo Choi
  • Publication number: 20130199412
    Abstract: A method produces a molded part from carbon containing carbon fibers in an amount of less than 20% by weight. The method includes comminuting waste parts or scrap parts formed from a carbon fiber-reinforced synthetic material, a carbon fiber reinforced carbon or a carbon fiber reinforced concrete. A mixture is produced from the comminuted product, a binder such as pitch, a carbon material such as coke and optionally one or more additives, wherein the mixture contains less than 20% by weight of fibers. The mixture is molded into a molded part and the molded part is carbonized. Optionally, the molded carbonized part is impregnated with an impregnating agent. Finally and optionally, the molded carbonized part or the molded part impregnated part is graphitized.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2012
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: SGL CARBON SE
    Inventors: MARTIN CHRIST, OSWIN ÖTTINGER, REINER BODE, ALAIN PREFONTAINE, GEORG SCHWAIGER
  • Publication number: 20130171347
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a process for growth of graphene at a temperature above 1400° C. on a silicon carbide surface by sublimation of silicon from the surface. The process comprises heating under special conditions up to growth temperature which ensured that the surface undergoes the proper modification for allowing homogenous graphene in one or more monolayers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Inventors: Rositsa Yakimova, Tihomir Iakimov, Mikael Syvajarvi
  • Patent number: 8468611
    Abstract: Improved nanolithography components, systems, and methods are described herein. The systems and methods generally employ a resistively heated atomic force microscope tip to thermally induce a chemical change in a surface. In addition, certain polymeric compositions are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
    Inventors: Elisa Riedo, Seth R. Marder, Walt A. de Heer, Robert J. Szoskiewicz, Vamsi K. Kodali, Simon C. Jones, Takashi Okada, Debin Wang, Jennifer E. Curtis, Clifford L. Henderson, Yueming Hua
  • Publication number: 20130129920
    Abstract: A carbon monolith includes a robust carbon monolith characterized by a skeleton size of at least 100 nm, and a hierarchical pore structure having macropores and mesopores.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2013
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Applicants: UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSE RESEARCH FOUNDATION, UT-BATTELLE, LLC
    Inventors: UT-Battelle, LLC, University of Tennessse Research Foundation
  • Patent number: 8394452
    Abstract: Sintered, carbon friction materials are made from fibrous materials that are impregnated with resins prior to sintering. Preferably, non-woven fibrous materials are impregnated with phenolic resin and sintered at 400 to 8000 C. The resulting material has an open porosity above 50 percent by volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: BorgWarner Inc.
    Inventors: Feng Dong, Robert C. Lam, Yih-Fang Chen
  • Patent number: 8372479
    Abstract: Method of treating a chamber having refractory walls, in which: a treatment composition, comprising at least one organosilicon compound and at least one hydrocarbide, is sprayed into said chamber, in the presence of oxygen; and said sprayed treatment composition is heated, the spraying in the presence of oxygen taking place in the closed chamber in which the treatment composition, in a predominantly liquid state, is atomized in the form of suspended particles, the method further including said at least one organosilicon compound decomposing to form a colloidal silica aerosol in the closed chamber, an overpressure being established therein, and a colloidal silica layer being spread over the refractory walls with, as a result of said overpressure, the colloidal silica penetrating into the microcracks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: FIB-Services International S.A.
    Inventor: Osvaldo Di Loreto
  • Patent number: 8337949
    Abstract: Provided are a graphene pattern and a process of preparing the same. Graphene is patterned in a predetermined shape on a substrate to form the graphene pattern. The graphene pattern can be formed by forming a graphitizing catalyst pattern on a substrate, contacting a carbonaceous material with the graphitizing catalyst and heat-treating the resultant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-Young Choi, Hyeon-Jin Shin, Seon-mi Yoon
  • Patent number: 8257786
    Abstract: A printing or coating composition has a non-volatile liquid vehicle carrying a conductive polymer to be deposited on a substrate and is cleavable by heat or acidification without decomposition of said material, cleavage of said vehicle producing decomposition products that are more volatile than said vehicle and which can be evaporated to dry the composition. Suitably, that vehicle is a carbonic acid diester or a malonic acid diester, e.g. of the formula: wherein R2 is an organic substituent such that R2—OH is a volatile alcohol; R1 is an aliphatic or aromatic substituent of more than three carbon atoms such that is volatile; and R3 is C1-3 alkyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: The Technical University of Denmark
    Inventors: Frederik Krebs, Mikkel Joergensen
  • Patent number: 8173211
    Abstract: A method of production of carbon nanoparticles comprises the steps of: providing on substrate particles a transition metal compound which is decomposable to yield the transition metal under conditions permitting carbon nanoparticle formation, contacting a gaseous carbon source with the substrate particles, before, during or after said contacting step, decomposing the transition metal compound to yield the transition metal on the substrate particles, forming carbon nanoparticles by decomposition of the carbon source catalysed by the transition metal, and collecting the carbon nanoparticles formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: Cambridge University Technical Services Limited
    Inventors: Milo Sebastian Peter Shaffer, Alan H. Windle, Brian F. G. Johnson, Junfeng Geng, Douglas Shephard, Charanjeet Singh
  • Publication number: 20120107221
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes on the surface of a material. The invention more particularly relates to a method for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes (or CNT) at the surface of a material using a carbon source comprising acetylene and xylene, and a catalyst containing ferrocene. The method of the invention has the advantage, amongst others, of enabling the continuous synthesis of nanotubes when desired. Also, the method of the invention is carried out at temperatures lower than those of known methods and on materials on which the growth of carbon nanotubes is difficulty reproducible and/or difficulty homogenous in terms of CNT diameter and density (number of CNT per surface unit). Said advantages, amongst others, make the method of the invention particularly useful at the industrial level.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2009
    Publication date: May 3, 2012
    Applicant: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE - CNRS -
    Inventor: Jinbo Bai
  • Publication number: 20120079943
    Abstract: The use of solutions of ethylenically unsaturated polyesters for production of carbon membranes suitable for gas separation, and a process for producing carbon membranes suitable for gas separation, comprising the steps of: a) coating a porous substrate with a solution of ethylenically unsaturated polyester, b) drying the polyester coating on the porous substrate by removing the solvent, c) pyrolyzing the polyester coating on the porous substrate to form the carbon membrane suitable for gas separation, it being possible to conduct any of steps a) to c) or the sequence of steps a) to c) more than once.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2011
    Publication date: April 5, 2012
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Hartwig VOß, Jörg Therre
  • Patent number: 8137748
    Abstract: Techniques for coating a fiber with metal oxide include forming silica in the fiber to fix the metal oxide to the fiber. The coated fiber can be used to facilitate photocatalysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Korea University Research and Business Foundation
    Inventor: Kwangyeol Lee
  • Patent number: 8118896
    Abstract: A method of coating ultrahard abrasive particles having vitreophilic surfaces, or treated to render their surfaces vitreophilic, are coated with an oxide precursor material, which is then heat treated to dry and purify the coats. The heat treated, coated ultrahard abrasive particles are further treated to convert the coats to an oxide, nitride, carbide, oxynitride, oxycarbide, or carbonitride thereof, or an elemental form thereof, or a glass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Inventors: Antionette Can, Anna Emela Mochubele, Geoffrey John Davies, Johannes Lodewikus Myburgh
  • Publication number: 20120021125
    Abstract: An acrylic-fiber finish for use in carbon-fiber production contributes to high tenacity of resultant carbon fiber. The acrylic-fiber finish for carbon-fiber production includes an epoxy-polyether-modified silicone and a surfactant. The weight ratios of the epoxy-polyether-modified silicone and the surfactant in the total of the non-volatile components of the finish respectively range from 1 to 95 wt % and from 5 to 50 wt %. The carbon fiber production method includes a fiber production process for producing an acrylic fiber for carbon-fiber production by applying the finish to an acrylic fiber which is a basic material for the acrylic fiber for carbon-fiber production; an oxidative stabilization process for converting the acrylic fiber produced in the fiber production process into oxidized fiber in an oxidative atmosphere at 200 to 300 deg.C.; and a carbonization process for carbonizing the oxidized fiber in an inert atmosphere at 300 to 2,000 deg.C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2010
    Publication date: January 26, 2012
    Applicant: MATSUMOTO YUSHI-SEIYAKU CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takeyoshi Nakayama, Yoshio Hashimoto, Mikio Nakagawa
  • Patent number: 8075950
    Abstract: Provided are a process for economically preparing a graphene shell having a desired configuration which is applicable in various fields wherein in the process the thickness of the graphene shell can be controlled, and a graphene shell prepared by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-young Choi, Hyeon-Jin Shin, Seon-mi Yoon
  • Publication number: 20110223444
    Abstract: A method for fabricating crystalline surface structures (4) on a template (1). The method comprises the steps of providing a template (1) into a reaction environment, wherein one or more elements (3) required for the formation of the crystalline surface structure (4) are contained within the template (1); heating the template (1) inside the reaction environment to increase the mobility of the element (3) within the template (1), and to increase the surface diffusion length of the element (3) on the template-environment interface; and activating the template (1) by altering the conditions within the reaction environment, to make the mobile element (3) slowly migrate towards the template-environment interface and to make the element (3) organize on the surface of the template (1) as a crystalline structure (4).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2009
    Publication date: September 15, 2011
    Applicant: CANATU OY
    Inventors: David P. Brown, Jan Von Pfaler
  • Publication number: 20110206934
    Abstract: A method for forming a single, few-layer, or multi-layer graphene and structure is described incorporating selecting a substrate having a buried layer of carbon underneath a metal layer, providing an ambient and providing a heat treatment to pass carbon through the metal layer to form a graphene layer on the metal layer surface or incorporating a metal-carbon layer which is heated to segregate carbon in the form of graphene to the surface or chemically reacting the metal in the metal-carbon layer with a substrate containing Si driving the carbon to the surface whereby graphene is formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2010
    Publication date: August 25, 2011
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ageeth A. Bol, Roy A. Carruthers, Jack O. Chu, Alfred Grill, Christian Lavoie, Katherine L. Saenger, James C. Tsang
  • Publication number: 20110195182
    Abstract: A method for the manufacture of carbon-carbon composite brake discs comprises (a) heat treating a carbon-carbon composite preform in the shape of a brake disc at 1600-2540° C., (b) directly following heat treating, subjecting the heat-treated preform to Chemical Vapor Deposition/Chemical Vapor Infiltration processing, (c) infiltrating the preform with an isotropic low to medium char-yield pitch derived from coal tar, employing Vacuum Pitch Infiltration processing or Resin Transfer Molding Processing, (d) stabilizing and carbonizing the pitch-infiltrated preform (e) machining the surfaces of the resulting carbonized preform, and (f) repeating steps (c) through (e) at least two additional times to raise the density of the carbon-carbon composite preform to at least approximately 1.75 g/cc.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Mark L. La Forest, Neil Murdie, Allen H. Simpson
  • Publication number: 20110002494
    Abstract: The invention relates to a housing for an electrically-operated device, said housing being located in an environment subject to the risk of explosion. The housing is made from a material which is gas-permeable and non-flammable. Metal foam is an example of a suitable material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2006
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: FHF Funke + Huster Femsig GmbH
    Inventor: Hans-Peter Opitz
  • Publication number: 20110003069
    Abstract: A fabrication method of a nanomaterial by using a polymeric nanoporous template is disclosed. First, a block copolymer bulk is made from a block copolymer polymerized from decomposable and undecomposable monomers. By removing the decomposable portion of the block copolymer bulk, the polymeric nanoporous template with a plurality of holes is obtained, and these holes have nanostructures with regular arrangement. By exploiting a nanoreactor concept, a sol-gel process or an electrochemical synthesis, for example, is then carried out within the template such that the holes are filled with various filler materials, such as ceramics, metals and polymers, so as to prepare a nanocomposite material having the nanostructure. After removing the polymeric nanoporous template, the nanomaterial with the nanostructure is manufactured.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2009
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: NATIONAL TSING HUA UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Rong-Ming Ho, Han-Yu Hsueh, Ming-Shiuan She, Wen-Hsien Tseng, Chun-Ku Chen, Yeo-Wan Chiang
  • Publication number: 20100330273
    Abstract: A substrate coated with a coating solution for an anti-reflective film is placed on a heat treatment plate and is heated. Nitrogen gas flows near the periphery of the heat treatment plate into a heat treatment space. An exhaust outlet is formed in an upper central portion of an inner cover, and the inner cover has an inner wall surface configured in the form of a tapered surface. This produces a smooth flow of nitrogen gas along the tapered surface to smoothly discharge a sublimate produced from the coating solution together with the gas flow outwardly through the exhaust outlet. After the heating process for a predetermined period of time is completed, the cover moves upwardly, and support pins move upwardly to thrust up the substrate from the heat treatment plate, thereby spacing the substrate apart from the heat treatment plate. This gradually decreases the temperature of the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Inventors: Yasuhiro SHIBA, Yasunori KUBO, Takuya WADA
  • Patent number: 7858184
    Abstract: A method for producing fine, coated metal particles comprising the steps of mixing Ti-containing powder except for Ti oxide powder with oxide powder of a metal M, an M oxide having a standard free energy of formation meeting the relation of ?GM-O>?GTiO2; and heat-treating the resultant mixed powder at a temperature of 650-900° C. in a non-oxidizing atmosphere, thereby reducing the oxide of the metal M with Ti to provide the resultant fine particles of the metal M with TiO2-based titanium oxide coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2010
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hisato Tokoro, Shigeo Fujii
  • Publication number: 20100291373
    Abstract: After making a carbon fiber preform and prior to completing densification of the preform with a carbon matrix, impregnation is performed with a liquid formed of a sol-gel type solution and/or a colloidal suspension enabling one or more zirconium compounds to be dispersed. The impregnation and the subsequent treatment, up to obtaining the final part, are performed in such a manner as to have, in the final part, grains or crystallites of one or more zirconium compounds presenting a fraction by weight lying in the range 1% to 10% and of composition having at least a majority of the ZrOxCy type with 1?x?2 and 0?y?1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2010
    Publication date: November 18, 2010
    Applicant: MESSIER-BUGATTI
    Inventors: Sandrine Baud, Pascale Jacquemard, René Pailler, Magali Rollin, Michaël Podgorski
  • Patent number: 7816007
    Abstract: To provide the spherical carbon particles having a novel structure different from the conventional carbon particles, uniform in shape, well dispersible in solvents and easy to handle. Spherical carbon particles of 5 nm to 100 ?m in diameter having a void or voids enclosed by the carbon crystal wall, which particles have such a structure that the carbon crystal ends are exposed or the carbon net plane is looped at least at a part of the outer periphery of the particles, and an aggregate of spherical carbon particles of 5 nm to 100 ?m in diameter having a void or voids enclosed by the carbon crystal wall, which aggregate has such a property that the ratio of the spherical carbon particles having a radial ratio in the range of 1.0 to 1.3 is not less than 40% by number.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Aikyou, Toshifumi Shiroya, Masaki Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 7803424
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a metal-carrying carbonaceous material is provided. The method comprises immersing a carbonaceous material in a metal-containing aqueous solution under vacuum, with stirring, and/or in the presence of a polar solvent, and then thermally treating the immersed carbonaceous material at a temperature ranging from 120° C. up to a temperature not higher than the melting point of the involved metal under vacuum or in the presence of a protective gas. According to the method, the metal can be effectively carried on a carbonaceous material so as to enhance the applicability of the metal-carrying carbonaceous material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Assignee: Feng Chia University
    Inventors: Tse-Hao Ko, Ming-Chain Hung
  • Patent number: 7781024
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing ceramic layers by spraying. A cold gas spraying method is used to produce polymer ceramics from pre-ceramic polymers. According to said method, a cold gas stream, to which particles of the pre-ceramic polymers are added via a conduit, is generated by a spray gun. The energy for creating a layer on a substrate is produced by injecting a powerful kinetic energy into the cold gas stream, thus preventing or significantly restricting the thermal heating of the cold gas stream. This permits the heat-sensitive pre-ceramic polymers to be spray-applied as a coating on a substrate using a cold gas spraying method. Polymer ceramics can thus be used in an economic method for the rapid production of layers with a relatively large thickness. The invention allows for example armoured layers, thermal protection layers and other functional layers to be produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ursus Krüger, Raymond Ullrich
  • Patent number: 7777059
    Abstract: Copper (I) formate complexes of general formula LnCu(HCOO).x COOH are decomposed in order to separate metallic copper, wherein x is a number from 0 to 10, n amounts to, 2, 3 or 4 and the n ligands L represent, independent of one another, one of the following ligands: a phosphane of formula R1R2R3P; a phosphite of formula (R1O)(R2O)(R3O)P; an isocyanide of formula R1—NC; an alkene of general formula R1R2C?CR3R4; or an alkyne of general formula R1C?CR2; wherein R1, R2, R3 and R4 represent, independent of one another, hydrogen, a linear or branched, optionally partly or fully fluorinated alkyl, aminoalkyl, alkyoxialkyl, hydroxialkyl, phosphinoalkyl or aryl radical having up to 20 carbon atoms, with the exception of triphenylphosphino-copper (I) formate and 1,1,1-tris(diphenylphosphinomethyl)ethane-copper (I) formate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Lars Wittenbecher, Heinrich Lang, Yingzhong Shen
  • Publication number: 20100189991
    Abstract: A method is disclosed to fabricate carbon foams comprising a bicontinuous network of disordered or irregular macropores that are three-dimensionally interconnected via nanoscopic carbon walls. The method accounts for (1) the importance of wetting (i.e., matching the surface energies of fiber to sol) and (2) the viscosity of the microheterogeneous fluid filling the voids in the carbon paper. Carbon fiber papers are mildly oxidized by plasma etching, which greatly enhances the uniform uptake of resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) mixtures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2009
    Publication date: July 29, 2010
    Inventors: Justin C. Lytle, Jeffrey W. Long, Amanda June Barrow, Matthew Paul Saunders, Debra R. Rolison, Jennifer L. Dysart
  • Publication number: 20100129544
    Abstract: A process for the gentle cleaning of partially corroded or oxidized surfaces with fluoride ions is provided. The parts of the surface which are not corroded or oxidized are coated with polymer-based ceramics before the start of the cleaning process. The coating process includes applying a precursor of the polymer-based ceramic and then ceramicizing the precursor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2008
    Publication date: May 27, 2010
    Inventors: Michael Ott, Jan Steinbach, Steffen Walter
  • Publication number: 20100112206
    Abstract: A carbon fabric of high conductivity and high density is formed of oxidized fibers of polypropylene. The oxidized fibers have a carbon content at least 50 wt %, an oxygen content at least 4 wt %, and a limiting oxygen index at least 35%. The carbon fabric is made by preparing a raw fabric obtained from oxidized fibers of polypropylene by weaving and then carbonizing the raw fabric.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2010
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Applicant: FENG CHIA UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: Tse-Hao KO
  • Publication number: 20100086679
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of fabricating a composite material part comprising fiber reinforcement densified by a matrix, the method comprising the steps of: making a fiber preform consolidated by impregnating (S4) a fiber texture made up of yarns with a liquid consolidation composition containing a precursor for a consolidating material, and by transforming (S7) the precursor into consolidating material by pyrolysis so as to obtain a consolidated preform that is held in shape; and densifying (S8) the consolidated fiber preform by chemical vapor infiltration; the method being characterized in that it includes, prior to impregnation (S4) of the fiber texture with the consolidation liquid composition, a step of filling (S2) the pores of the yarns of said fiber texture by means of a filler composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2007
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Applicant: SNECMA PROPULSION SOLIDE
    Inventors: Dominique Jehl, Eric Philippe, Michel Laxague, Marie-Anne Dourges
  • Patent number: 7666463
    Abstract: Methods for manufacturing porous nuclear fuel elements for use in advanced high temperature gas-cooled nuclear reactors (HTGR's). Advanced uranium bi-carbide, uranium tri-carbide and uranium carbonitride nuclear fuels can be used. These fuels have high melting temperatures, high thermal conductivity, and high resistance to erosion by hot hydrogen gas. Tri-carbide fuels, such as (U,Zr,Nb)C, can be fabricated using chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) to simultaneously deposit each of the three separate carbides, e.g., UC, ZrC, and NbC in a single CVI step. By using CVI, a thin coating of nuclear fuel may be deposited inside of a highly porous skeletal structure made, for example, of reticulated vitreous carbon foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: Dennis L. Youchison, Brian E. Williams, Robert E. Benander
  • Publication number: 20100035062
    Abstract: Provided are manufacturing methods of a magnesium-vanadium composite oxide nanoparticle that make it possible to manufacture a composite oxide of several tens of nanometers in size containing two kinds of metals, and also to accurately design and manufacture a product material having a desired ratio between the metals, and a magnesium-vanadium composite oxide nanoparticle manufactured by the manufacturing methods. In the manufacturing method, a solution containing a magnesium salt and a vanadium salt is prepared. An organic polymer having nano-sized pores is dipped in the prepared solution, and is then heated until the organic polymer is calcined, thereby manufacturing a magnesium-vanadium composite oxide nanoparticle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2009
    Publication date: February 11, 2010
    Inventors: Chul Tack LIM, Chang Hwan Choi, Byoung Jin Chun, Jin Hyuck Yang
  • Patent number: 7628878
    Abstract: A precursor of a ceramic adhesive suitable for use in a vacuum, thermal, and microgravity environment. The precursor of the ceramic adhesive includes a silicon-based, preceramic polymer and at least one ceramic powder selected from the group consisting of aluminum oxide, aluminum nitride, boron carbide, boron oxide, boron nitride, hafnium boride, hafnium carbide, hafnium oxide, lithium aluminate, molybdenum silicide, niobium carbide, niobium nitride, silicon boride, silicon carbide, silicon oxide, silicon nitride, tin oxide, tantalum boride, tantalum carbide, tantalum oxide, tantalum nitride, titanium boride, titanium carbide, titanium oxide, titanium nitride, yttrium oxide, zirconium diboride, zirconium carbide, zirconium oxide, and zirconium silicate. Methods of forming the ceramic adhesive and of repairing a substrate in a vacuum and microgravity environment are also disclosed, as is a substrate repaired with the ceramic adhesive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignee: COI Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: James A. Riedell, Timothy E. Easler
  • Publication number: 20090291224
    Abstract: A sheet-like substrate (34) is coated with at least one thin film (36?) composed of at least one porous ceramic layer (S?1, S?2, S?3, . . . ). A solution or a suspension of an organic and/or inorganic metal composite as starting material (14) is admixed with a mixed-in, insoluble pore former (18) and the mixture (22) is sprayed on as layer (S?1, S?2, S?3, . . . ) of a thin film (36). The pore former (18) is at least partly thermally decomposed and/or burnt out to form an at least partly open-pored structure. The process is particularly suitable for producing miniaturized devices such as fuel cells and gas sensors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2006
    Publication date: November 26, 2009
    Applicant: Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich
    Inventors: Daniel Beckel, Ludwig J. Gauckler
  • Publication number: 20090274865
    Abstract: A sandwich panel core that may be comprised of a lattice structure utilizing a network of hierarchical trusses, synergistically arranged, to provide support and other functionalities disclosed herein. Since this design results in a generally hollow core, the resulting structure maintains a low weight while providing high specific stiffness and strength. Sandwich panels are used in a variety of applications including sea, land, and air transportation, ballistics, blast impulse mitigation, impact mitigation, thermal transfer, ballistics, load bearing, multifunctional structures, armors, construction materials, and containers, to name a few.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2009
    Publication date: November 5, 2009
    Applicant: University of Virginia Patent Foundation
    Inventors: Haydn N.G. Wadley, Gregory W. Kooistra