Silicon Containing Patents (Class 428/149)
  • Patent number: 11053696
    Abstract: Provided is a panel suitable for forming a floor covering. The panel has a substantially planar top side, a substantially planar bottom side, and at least four substantially linear side edges. The linear side edges have at least one pair of opposite side edges. The linear side edges may be provided with a locking means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Inventors: Thomas Luc Martine Baert, Tom Van Poyer, Sven Boon
  • Patent number: 10999979
    Abstract: An agricultural stake to support plant includes a fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) elongated member comprising a top end and a bottom end, and an exterior coating impregnated with an aggregate covering an exterior surface of the elongated member. The exterior coating is configured to provide purchase to a line attached to the elongated member. A cap may be secured over the top end of the elongated member and is configured to withstand a force used to drive the elongated member into a ground surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL STAKES, LLC
    Inventor: Kenneth D. Ireland
  • Patent number: 9903982
    Abstract: An antireflection article includes a substrate; and an antireflection layer containing a binder resin and inorganic particles, wherein the inorganic particles are particles having an average primary particle diameter of 150 nm to 250 nm and a CV value of 4% or less, 99.9% or more of the inorganic particles are perfectly spherical particles, the antireflection layer includes a moth eye structure composed of an unevenness shape formed by the inorganic particles on a surface of the antireflection layer, and an area occupancy ratio of the inorganic particles on the surface of the antireflection layer is 25% to 64%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Naoya Shibata, Miho Asahi, Hajime Nakayama, Ayako Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 9874659
    Abstract: An antireflection article includes a substrate; and an antireflection layer containing a binder resin and inorganic particles, wherein the inorganic particles are particles having an average primary particle diameter of 150 nm to 250 nm and a CV value of 4% or less, 99.9% or more of the inorganic particles are perfectly spherical particles, the antireflection layer includes a moth eye structure composed of an unevenness shape formed by the inorganic particles on a surface of the antireflection layer, and an area occupancy ratio of the inorganic particles on the surface of the antireflection layer is 25% to 64%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2018
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Naoya Shibata, Miho Asahi, Hajime Nakayama, Ayako Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 9539149
    Abstract: A bandage comprising a substrate having a first surface with a plurality of superhydrophobic particles attached to the first surface. The plurality of superhydrophobic particles can be porous diatomaceous earth particles having a hydrophobic layer conforming to the surfaces of the DE particles, where the hydrophobic layer is bound to the DE particles. The plurality of attached superhydrophobic particles can render the first surface superhydrophobic, while a second surface opposite the first surface can be hydrophilic or hydrophobic. The substrate can be breathable in order to maintain skin health for the tissue underlying the bandage. The substrate can be selected from porous films, apertured films, textiles, nonwoven materials, impregnated composites thereof, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: UT-BATTELLE, LLC
    Inventors: John T. Simpson, Brian R. D'Urso
  • Patent number: 9457377
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a hydrophilic member includes a substrate having a surface and particles existing at least on the surface of the substrate. The particles are constituted of at least one selected from tungsten oxide particles and tungsten oxide composite particles. The substrate surface on which the particles exist has an arithmetic mean roughness Ra in the range of 1 nm to 1000 nm with a reference length of 100 ?m, and exhibits hydrophilicity independently of light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignees: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA, TOSHIBA MATERIALS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kayo Nakano, Akira Sato, Yasuhiro Shirakawa, Keiichi Fuse, Shinya Kasamatsu, Akito Sasaki
  • Patent number: 9442375
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a substrate having a surface modified to impart multi-scale roughness, thereby providing superhydrophobic and/or superoleophobic properties. The surface comprises a pattern of microscale pillars topped by a plurality of nanoparticles having a re-entrant convex shape. The area fraction of the surface is also selected to provide the desired superoleophobic properties. Also disclosed herein is a process for creating the modified surface comprising photolithography, optionally followed by vapor deposition. The substrates may be formed into useful articles or applied to pre-formed articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2016
    Assignees: ARLANXEO Singapore PTE LTD., The University of Western Ontario
    Inventors: Jun Yang, Tingjie Li, Maxim Paliy, Xiaolong Wang, Natalie Suhan
  • Patent number: 9187502
    Abstract: The present invention provides silica particles including primary particles, the primary particles having an average particle diameter in a range of from about 100 nm to about 500 nm, a particle size distribution index in a range of from about 1.40 to about 1.80, and an average roundness in a range of from about 0.5 to about 0.85, and about 95% or more, by number of particles, of the primary particles satisfying following Formula (1) with respect to a roundness (R) and a particle diameter (D) (nm): R=?×D/1000+???Formula (1) (?2.5????0.9, 0.8???1.2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hideaki Yoshikawa, Yuka Zenitani, Hiroyoshi Okuno, Shunsuke Nozaki, Shinichiro Kawashima, Sakae Takeuchi
  • Publication number: 20150107582
    Abstract: Techniques, systems, devices and materials are disclosed for spectrally selective coatings for optical surfaces having high solar absorptivity, low infrared emissivity, and strong durability at elevated temperatures. In one aspect, a spectrally selective coating includes a substrate formed of a light absorbing material, and a composite material formed over the substrate and including nanoparticles dispersed in a dielectric material, in which the composite material forms a coating capable of absorbing solar energy in a selected spectrum and reflecting the solar energy in another selected spectrum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Sungho Jin, Renkun Chen, Zhaowei Liu, Tae Kyoung Kim
  • Publication number: 20150064405
    Abstract: An anti-reflective article, including: a substrate; an integral binder region on at least a portion of the surface of the substrate; and a nanoparticulate monolayer partially embedded in the integral binder region, as defined herein. The integral binder can be comprised of the same or different material as the substrate material. Methods of making and using the article are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: CORNING INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Karl William Koch, III, Ellen Marie Kosik Williams
  • Publication number: 20150017386
    Abstract: Material comprising sub-micrometer particles dispersed in a polymeric matrix. The materials are useful in article, for example, for numerous applications including display applications (e.g., liquid crystal displays (LCD), light emitting diode (LED) displays, or plasma displays); light extraction; electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding, ophthalmic lenses; face shielding lenses or films; window films; antireflection for construction applications, and construction applications or traffic signs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: William Blake Kolb, Brant U. Kolb, Samuel J. Carpenter, Lindsay E. Corcoran, Taylor K. Hodne, Hui Luo, Kari A. McGee, Ta-Hua Yu, Karan Jindal, Naiyong Jing
  • Publication number: 20150010723
    Abstract: There is provided an article comprising at least a first surface having: (a) a first binder layer; (b) a plurality of transparent microspheres at least partially embedded in the first binder layer; wherein the transparent microspheres have refractive indices that are less than a refractive index of the first binder layer, wherein the plurality of transparent microspheres have an average diameter of at least 5 ?m. There is also provided a transfer article comprising: (a) a transfer carrier, the transfer carrier comprising: (i) a support layer; and (ii) a thermoplastic release layer bonded to the support layer; (b) a layer of a plurality of transparent microspheres, formed on a side of the thermoplastic transparent microsphere release layer opposite the support layer, wherein the plurality of transparent microspheres have refractive indices of below about 1.490.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Vivek Krishnan, John C. Clark, Thomas B. Galush, Jean A. Tangeman
  • Patent number: 8906469
    Abstract: Disclosed is a coating method using a plasma shock wave, the method including the steps of: irradiating a pulse laser to a first surface of a mixed layer obtained by mixing powders and resin to generate a plasma, the mixed layer being formed on a second surface of a substance to be coated; striking the powders on the second surface by using a shock wave of the plasma; and forming a coat of the powders on the second surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Corporation
    Inventors: Takafumi Adachi, Hiroyuki Takehisa, Yuji Sano, Itaru Chida
  • Publication number: 20140335402
    Abstract: A molding packaging material including a matte coat layer having excellent formability, chemical resistance, solvent resistance, and printability is provided. The molding packaging material 1 includes an outer base material 13 made of a heat-resistant resin, an inner sealant layer 16 made of a thermoplastic resin, a metal foil layer 11 arranged between the outer base material 13 and the inner sealant layer 16, and a matte coat layer 14 formed on one side of the outer base material opposite to the other side thereof to which the metal foil layer 11 is arranged. The matte coat layer 14 is made from a resin composition containing a base compound resin including a phenoxy resin and a urethane resin, a curing agent, and solid fine particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: Showa Denko Packaging Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yuji MINAMIBORI
  • Publication number: 20140260078
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates, according to some embodiments, to articles, systems, and methods for roofing a structure including, for example, layered shingles comprising a plurality of layers. A layered shingle may comprise, in some embodiments, an upper layer and a backing layer comprising a low density aggregate, wherein the backing layer is fixed to the substrate-facing surface of the upper layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: BUILDING MATERIALS INVESTMENT CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michael L. Bryson, Casimir Paul Weaver, Daniel E. Boss, Matti Kiik
  • Publication number: 20140272302
    Abstract: The invention comprises a product. The product comprises a substrate having a first primary surface and an opposite second primary surface and a layer of cementitious material on the first primary surface. The product further comprises decorative aggregate particles partially embedded in the layer of cementitious material. A method of making the product is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: Romeo Ilarian Ciuperca
  • Publication number: 20140272301
    Abstract: Durable, impact-resistant structural coatings with dewetting and anti-icing properties are disclosed. The coatings possess a self-similar structure with two feature sizes that are tuned to affect the wetting of water and freezing of water on the surface. Dewetting and anti-icing performance is simultaneously achieved in a structural coating comprising multiple layers, with each layer including (a) a continuous matrix; (b) porous voids, dispersed within the matrix, to inhibit wetting of water; and (c) nanoparticles, on pore surfaces, that inhibit heterogeneous nucleation of water. These structural coatings utilize low-cost and lightweight materials that can be rapidly sprayed over large areas. If the surface is damaged during use, fresh material will expose a coating surface that is identical to that which was removed, for extended lifetime.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: HRL Laboratories, LLC
    Inventors: Adam F. GROSS, Andrew P. NOWAK, William CARTER
  • Patent number: 8834989
    Abstract: An object is to provide a semiconductor device with improved reliability and for which a defect due to an end portion of a semiconductor layer provided in an island-shape is prevented, and a manufacturing method thereof. A structure includes an island-shaped semiconductor layer provided over a substrate, an insulating layer provided over a top surface and a side surface of the island-shaped semiconductor layer, and a gate electrode provided over the island-shaped semiconductor layer with the insulating layer interposed therebetween. In the insulating layer provided to be in contact with the island-shaped semiconductor layer, a region that is in contact with the side surface of the island-shaped semiconductor layer is made to have a lower dielectric constant than a region over the top surface of the island-shaped semiconductor layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuko Ikeda, Shinya Sasagawa, Hideomi Suzawa, Shunpei Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 8834992
    Abstract: A thermoplastic laminate plank is described wherein the thermoplastic laminate plank comprises a core, a print layer, and optionally an overlay. The core comprises at least one thermoplastic material and has a top surface and bottom surface wherein a print layer is affixed to the top surface of the core and an overlay layer is affixed to the top surface of the print layer. Optionally, an underlay layer can be located and affixed between the bottom surface of the print layer and the top surface of the core. A method of making the thermoplastic laminate plank is further described which involves extruding at least one thermoplastic material into the shape of the core and affixing a laminate on the core, wherein the laminate comprises an overlay affixed to the top surface of the print layer and optionally an underlay layer affixed to the bottom surface of the print layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Valinge Innovation AB
    Inventors: Hao A. Chen, Richard Judd
  • Publication number: 20140248467
    Abstract: A process for preparing roofing granules includes forming kaolin clay into green granules and sintering the green granules at a temperature of at least 900 degrees Celsius to cure the green granules until the crystalline content of the sintered granules is at least ten percent as determined by x-ray diffraction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Inventors: Ming Liang Shiao, Tihana Fuss, Husnu M. Kalkanoglu, Walter T. Stephens
  • Publication number: 20140242337
    Abstract: A floor covering having a web- or plate-shaped base material made from an elastomer material, wherein the base material is provided with mineral decorative particles, and wherein the density of the mineral decorative particles is not greater than 3 kg/dm3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Inventors: Mario Kroeger, Andreas Albrecht, Dieter Riescher, Stefan Mueller
  • Patent number: 8808838
    Abstract: Provided are methods and compositions pertaining to coatings (e.g., paints) for covering a substrate. In some aspects and embodiments the coatings may include a heat reflective metal oxide pigment that, applied to an external surface of a building (or applied on a substrate used for an external surface of a building) reduces energy consumption in the building. In other aspects and embodiments, provided are textured coatings having a texturing material; e.g., methods and compositions are provided pertaining to textured coatings that can be applied robotically or in an automated fashion. In various aspects and embodiments, textured coatings are provided that include a texturing material and a heat reflective metal oxide pigment. In some aspects and embodiments coatings are provided that include pumice texturing materials (e.g., pumice having particle sizes of greater than 150 microns).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Inventor: Jay A. Haines
  • Publication number: 20140220302
    Abstract: A silicon nitride substrate including a phase encompassed of silicon nitride particles, and intergranular phase formed from a sintering aid, wherein a separation layer is formed on the surface of a molded body including silicon nitride powder, sintering aid powder, and organic binder, by using a boron nitride paste containing boron nitride powder, organic binder, and organic solvent; the separation layer and molded body are heated; the organic binder is removed from the separation layer and molded body; subsequently molded bodies stacked with a separation layer therebetween, are sintered. Boron nitride paste contains 0.01 to 0.50% by oxygen mass and 0.001 to 0.5% by carbon mass, and c/a is within range of 0.02 to 10.00, where c is oxygen content in the powder of the boron nitride paste, and a carbon content in the degreased separation layer, which includes 0.2 to 3.5 mg/cm2 of hexagonal boron nitride powder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Inventor: Youichirou Kaga
  • Publication number: 20140216533
    Abstract: Aim of the present invention is to obtain cementitious products having smooth, planar surfaces and low thickness for applications having aesthetic purpose, of integrated architecture or as substrates, for example for a thin-film photovoltaic unit, with controlled curling and surface roughness, manufactured by mould casting of a fluid composition comprising: I. a hydraulic binder; II. one or more aggregates; III. an anti-shrinkage agent; IV. a superplasticizer agent; V. water, wherein the percentage by weight of said hydraulic binder in the composition is lower than that of said aggregates, and wherein said aggregates have a maximum diameter dmax not greater than one third of the thickness of the product, the final product thus having an arithmetic mean surface roughness Ra not greater than 500 nm and curling not greater than 1500 micron.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: ITALCEMENTI S.P.A. (ITALIAN JOINT STOCK COMPANY)
    Inventors: Roberta Alfani, Claudia Cappone, Flavio Rampinelli
  • Publication number: 20140212626
    Abstract: A process for making inorganic, metal oxide spheres that includes exposing solidified, molded microparticles that include a glass precursor composition to a temperature sufficient to transform the molded microparticles into molten glass and cooling the molten glass to form inorganic, metal oxide spheres.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: David C. Kramlich, John L. Vandenberg, Matthew H. Frey, Scott R. Culler, Kathleen M. Schakel-Carlson
  • Publication number: 20140196502
    Abstract: Provided is a glass substrate with a sealing material layer, including a sealing material layer formed by sintering a sealing material, in which: the sealing material includes at least inorganic powder; the inorganic powder includes glass powder and a refractory filler; the content of refractory filler in the inorganic powder is 10 to 35 vol %; and the sealing material layer has a surface roughness Ra of less than 0.5 ?m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Inventors: Noriaki Masuda, Toru Shiragami, Hiroshi Arakawa
  • Publication number: 20140178643
    Abstract: A molded article is formed by molding a cycloolefin resin composition, in which the cycloolefin resin composition contains a cycloolefin resin and silica particles, the silica particles have an average primary particle size of 10 nm to 150 nm, the cycloolefin resin composition has a silica particle content of 15% by weight to 70% by weight, and the molded article has a linear expansion coefficient of 50×10?6/degrees (Celsius) or less in the temperature range of 0 degrees (Celsius) to 80 degrees (Celsius).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Katsumoto Hosokawa, Takahiro Kojima
  • Publication number: 20140178642
    Abstract: A coated glass or glass ceramic substrate with a local-area and/or full-area layer having haptic properties is provided. The layer has a haptically perceptible texture and includes texturing inorganic and/or polysiloxane-based particles that are fixed on the substrate by a layer-forming material. The particles cause protrusions on the layer and so produce the haptically perceptible texture. The substrate is also provided, at least partially, with at least one additional layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: Schott AG
    Inventors: Angelina Milanovska, Eva Engel
  • Patent number: 8758584
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for detecting the presence of an analyte in a sample. A solid state electrochemical sensor can include a redox active moiety having an oxidation and/or reduction potential that is sensitive to the presence of an analyte immobilized over a surface of a working electrode. A redox active moiety having an oxidation and/or reduction potential that is insensitive to the presence of the analyte can be used for reference. Voltammetric measurements made using such systems can accurately determine the presence and/or concentration of the analyte in the sample. The solid state electrochemical sensor can be robust and not require calibration or re-calibration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Sensor Innovations, Inc.
    Inventors: Carolyn R. Kahn, Elicia Wong, James A. Wilkins, Vern Norviel
  • Publication number: 20140162022
    Abstract: Variations of this invention provide durable, impact-resistant structural coatings that have both dewetting and anti-icing properties. The coatings in some embodiments possess a self-similar structure that combines a low-cost matrix with two feature sizes that are tuned to affect the wetting of water and freezing of water on the surface. Dewetting and anti-icing performance is simultaneously achieved in a structural coating comprising multiple layers, wherein each layer includes (a) a continuous matrix; (b) discrete templates dispersed that promote surface roughness to inhibit wetting of water; and (c) nanoparticles that inhibit heterogeneous nucleation of water. These structural coatings utilize low-cost, lightweight, and environmentally benign materials that can be rapidly sprayed over large areas using convenient coating processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventors: Andrew P. NOWAK, Adam F. GROSS, Michael H. BARTL
  • Patent number: 8747992
    Abstract: In accordance with an embodiment, a semiconductor device comprises at least three active areas. The at least three active areas are proximate. Longitudinal axes of the at least three active areas are parallel, and each of the at least three active areas comprises an edge intersecting the longitudinal axis of the respective active area. The edges of the at least three active areas form an arc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsung-Lin Lee, Shao-Ming Yu
  • Publication number: 20140127465
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an anti-glare film with excellent anti-glare properties as well as improved contrast ratio and image definition and a preparation method for the same. More specifically, the anti-glare film comprises an anti-glare layer comprising organic or inorganic particles having a volume average particle diameter of 5 to 10 ?m and a photocurable resin. Here, the difference in refraction index between the organic or inorganic particles and the photocurable resin is in the range of 0.005 to 0.05, and the volume average particle diameter of the organic or inorganic particles and the thickness of the anti-glare layer satisfy a defined mathematical formula.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2014
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Applicant: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-Hoon SHIM, Joon Koo KANG, Jae-Pil KOO, Ki-Uk LIM, Yeong Rae CHANG, Soo-Kyoung LEE, Joo-Jong MOON
  • Publication number: 20140099472
    Abstract: Systems and methods for composite materials, including coatings and stand-alone structures are provided. An apparatus may include a first layer structure that includes a first plurality of densely packed sub-macroscale particles having a first mean diameter; and at least a second layer structure that includes a second plurality of densely packed sub-macroscale particles having a second mean diameter that is different from the first mean diameter. The first layer structure and the second layer structure may be applied to a substrate, where the substrate may be an article of sports equipment, medical device or other article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: GREENHILL ANTIBALLISTICS CORPORATION
    Inventor: GREENHILL ANTIBALLISTICS CORPORATION
  • Patent number: 8668976
    Abstract: There is described an intermediate transfer member comprising a seamless layer comprising a polyphenylsulfone and a polysiloxane having dispersed therein carbon black particles. The composition used to manufacture the seamless intermediate transfer member is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Jonathan H. Herko, Francisco J. Lopez, Kyle B. Tallman, Dante M. Pietrantoni, David W. Martin, Yuhua Tong, Michael S. Roetker, Scott J. Griffin, Markus R. Silvestri
  • Patent number: 8658274
    Abstract: A thermoplastic laminate plank is described wherein the thermoplastic laminate plank comprises a core, a print layer, and optionally an overlay. The core comprises at least one thermoplastic material and has a top surface and bottom surface wherein a print layer is affixed to the top surface of the core and an overlay layer is affixed to the top surface of the print layer. Optionally, an underlay layer can be located and affixed between the bottom surface of the print layer and the top surface of the core. In addition, a method of making the thermoplastic laminate plank is further described which involves extruding at least one thermoplastic material into the shape of the core and affixing a laminate on the core, wherein the laminate comprises an overlay affixed to the top surface of the print layer and optionally an underlay layer affixed to the bottom surface of the print layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Mannington Mills, Inc.
    Inventors: Hao A. Chen, Richard Judd
  • Patent number: 8642444
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method of manufacturing a bonded substrate, including the steps of: forming a first bonding layer on a surface on one side of a semiconductor substrate; forming a second bonding layer on a surface on one side of a support substrate; adhering the first bonding layer and the second bonding layer to each other; a heat treatment for bonding the first bonding layer and the second bonding layer to each other; and thinning the semiconductor substrate from a surface on the other side of the semiconductor substrate to form a semiconductor layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventor: Nobutoshi Fujii
  • Patent number: 8637135
    Abstract: In accordance with an embodiment, a semiconductor device comprises at least three active areas. The at least three active areas are proximate. Longitudinal axes of the at least three active areas are parallel, and each of the at least three active areas comprises an edge intersecting the longitudinal axis of the respective active area. The edges of the at least three active areas form an arc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsung-Lin Lee, Shao-Ming Yu
  • Publication number: 20130337229
    Abstract: A roughened cured material allows reduction of surface roughness and increase in adhesive strength between a cured object and a metal layer. A roughened cured material is obtained by advancing curing of an epoxy resin material to obtain a preliminary-cured material and conducting roughening treatment on a surface of the preliminary-cured material. The epoxy resin material contains an epoxy resin, a curing agent, and a silica whose mean particle diameter is not smaller than 0.2 ?m but not larger than 1.2 ?m. When a roughening-treated surface of the roughened cured material is photographed with a scanning electron microscope, in a 5 ?m×5 ?m sized area of the roughening-treated surface in a photographed image, the number of particles of the silica that are exposed from the roughening-treated surface and whose exposed portions have a maximum length of 0.3 ?M or longer in the image is not greater than 15.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takayuki Kobayashi, Koichi Shibayama, Shuichiro Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 8597766
    Abstract: A process for the manufacture of a decorative surface element, which element comprises a base layer, a decor and a wear layer of a UV or electron beam curing lacquer. One or more structured surfaces, forming embossing surfaces of one or more rollers or moulds, are positioned on top of the decorative lacquered surface, possibly after having cured the lacquer to a desired viscosity, and are continuously or discontinuously pressed on to this. The lacquer will be provided with a surface structure which enhances the decorative effect of the decor. The wear layer is then completely cured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Pergo (Europe) AB
    Inventors: Magnus N. Nilsson, Lars Ohlsson, Magdalena Christiansson, Krister Hansson, Jan Ericsson
  • Publication number: 20130302565
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a substrate for an organic electronic element that enables surface resistance to be reduced and light-extraction efficiency improved, the substrate including: a base substrate; a scattering layer which is formed on the base substrate and includes an conductive pattern for reducing the surface resistance of an electrode, scattering particles for scattering light and a binder, and which forms an uneven structure in the surface opposite the base substrate; and a planarizing layer which is formed on the scattering layer and flattens the surface undulations caused by the uneven structure of the scattering layer, wherein the refractive index (Na) of the scattering particles and the refractive index (Nb) of the planarizing layer satisfy the relationship in formula 1 below. [Formula 1] |Na?Nb|?0.3. In the formula as used herein, Na signifies the refractive index of the scattering particles and Nb signifies the refractive index of the planarizing layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2013
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Inventors: Seong Su JANG, Yeon Keun Lee, Kyoung Sik Moon, Min Soo Kang
  • Publication number: 20130295328
    Abstract: A transfer article that includes a liner with multi-sized particles disposed thereon, wherein the multi-sized particles include a plurality of dominant hydrophilic particles having an average primary particle size of no greater than 200 microns, and a plurality of discrete hydrophobic nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2011
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Jimmie R. Baran, JR., Paul S. Lugg, Terry L. Smith, Terrance P. Smith
  • Patent number: 8551601
    Abstract: An exterior cladding that combines the benefits of stone, metal and tar in a laminate form that makes the most with the least expensive forms of each of these three base materials. A construction laminate having an asphaltic core body covered with a metallic facing on a top side and part of a bottom side. A granular coating is applied to the metallic facing on the top side and front edge. The laminate is useful as exterior cladding such as a roofing shingle, siding etc. . . . and is durable and easy to install.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Inventor: Vince Guerra
  • Publication number: 20130257264
    Abstract: A wave-length conversion inorganic member can includes a base body and an inorganic particle layer on the base body. The inorganic particle layer can include particles of an inorganic wave-length conversion substance which is configured to absorb light of a first wave-length and to emit light of a second wave-length different from the first wave-length. The inorganic particle layer can include an agglomerate of a plurality of the particles. Each of the plurality of the particles are in contact with at least one of the other particles or the base body. A cover layer comprises an inorganic material, and the cover layer continuously covers a surface of the base body and surfaces of the particles. The inorganic particle layer has an interstice enclosed by the particles, or by the particles and one of the base body and the cover layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: NICHIA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroto TAMAKI, Takayoshi WAKAKI, Tadao HAYASHI, Yoshiki SATO, Daisuke OYAMATSU, Takafumi SUGIYAMA, Takao KOSUGI
  • Publication number: 20130251948
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a superhydrophobic surface. Methods of fabrication are disclosed including laminating a polymer sheet having a surface to a template having a textured surface or a layer of a nanomaterial (e.g., nanoparticles or nanofibers) to convert the surface of the polymer sheet to a hydrophobic surface having a water contact angle of at least about 150°.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Inventors: Alan Michael Lyons, QianFeng Xu
  • Publication number: 20130251950
    Abstract: A silicon wafer is provided in which a dislocation is less likely Lo be generated originating from an oxide precipitate in a semiconductor device forming process, and a gettering effect with respect to Cu is increased. A silicon wafer 1 is characterized in that a surface layer portion 1a from a surface to a depth of at least 5 ?m has an LSTD density of less than 1.0/cm2, and that in a bulk portion 1b except the surface layer portion 1a, planar oxide precipitates 2a and polyhedral oxide precipitates 2b having a scattered light intensity of 3000 to 5000 a.u., and a density of 1.0×109 to 6.0×109 (particles/cm3) are each intermingled and grown, and a density ratio of the planar oxide precipitate to polyhedral oxide precipitate is represented by (planar oxide precipitate:polyhedral oxide precipitate=X: (100-X), where X is 10 to 40).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicant: GlobalWafers Japan Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yuri Kaneda
  • Publication number: 20130216787
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a ceramic article with an increased surface roughness. The ceramic article includes a ceramic body having an engagement surface and a composite porous layer disposed on the engagement surface of the ceramic body. The composite porous layer is formed from a material including multiple first ceramic particles and multiple second ceramic particles. The sintering temperature of the first ceramic particle is lower than the melting temperature of the second ceramic particle, and at least some of the second ceramic particles are disperse within the composite porous layer whereby increasing the surface roughness of the ceramic article. Methods for manufacturing such ceramic article are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Inventors: Shu-Tuan Yeh, Yung-Chin Yang, Pei-Chi Hsu
  • Publication number: 20130201556
    Abstract: The present invention provides an optical layered body having excellent hardness, abrasion resistance, and flexibility. The present invention provides an optical layered body having a hard coat layer on one side of a triacetylcellulose substrate, wherein a Martens hardness (N1) of a surface of the hard coat layer, a Martens hardness (N2) of the center of the cross-section of the hard coat layer, and a Martens hardness (N3) of the center of the cross-section of the triacetylcellulose substrate have a relationship of N2>N1>N3 as determined by nanoindentation, and the hard coat layer has a pencil hardness of 4H or more as measured by a test in accordance with a pencil hardness test defined in JIS K5600-5-4 (1999) at a load of 4.9 N.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuya Inomata, Tomoyuki Horio, Takeshi Nishizono, Kana Yamamoto
  • Publication number: 20130202852
    Abstract: A roofing product has a substrate having a binder layer and roofing granules on a majority of the binder layer, such that an exposed portion of the binder layer does not have the roofing granules. In addition, particles may be located on the exposed portion of the binder layer. The particles are smaller in size than the roofing granules, and the reflective particles have a solar reflectance of greater than 10%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Inventors: Ming Liang Shiao, Husnu M. Kalkanoglu, George Gregory Wattman
  • Publication number: 20130186466
    Abstract: Article comprising a transparent substrate having an anti-reflective, structured surface and a coating comprising a porous network of silica nanoparticles thereon, wherein the silica nanoparticles are bonded to adjacent silica nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Timothy J. Hebrink, Naiyong Jing, Justin A. Riddle
  • Publication number: 20130189488
    Abstract: Disclosed are sanitary wares such as toilet bowls or wash bowls that have a glaze layer which can conceal the body of the sanitary wares satisfactorily without the need to use any opacifier and which is less likely to be contaminated. The sanitary ware includes: a sanitary ware body; and a glaze layer having a single-layer structure as a sole glaze layer on the sanitary ware body, the glaze layer comprising a phase-separated glass as the major part and the glaze layer having a surface roughness Ra of not more than 0.07 ?m. Thus, the body of the sanitary ware can be concealed satisfactorily, and, in a preferred embodiment, a good white color can be imparted to the sanitary ware.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: TOTO LTD.
    Inventors: Kohei Inokuchi, Takahiro Hino, Katsuhiro Kawakami, Tomoyasu Ichiki