Alloy Or Free Metal Patents (Class 428/433)
  • Patent number: 10400448
    Abstract: Reinforced panels include a layer of glass joined to a substrate to support the glass. Connectors are joined to the side of the substrate opposite the glass to enable the reinforced panel to be configured with and/or attached to a modular wall system. The glass can be backpainted prior to joining to the substrate, and/or a film can be included in the reinforced tile disposed between the glass panel and the substrate. A reinforced panel includes a conductive material disposed between a glass layer and a substrate to form a touch-responsive section. One or more intermediate layers disposed between the glass layer and the substrate are included. The one or more intermediate layers have sufficient elastic deformability so as to enable the reinforced panel to tolerate differences in thermal expansion between the substrate and the glass layer without resulting in cracking of the glass layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: DIRTT Environmental Solutions, Ltd.
    Inventors: Geoff Gosling, Mogens Smed, Mark Tisdall, Brian Cassie, Kenton Hovdebo
  • Patent number: 10392296
    Abstract: A sealed structural body has an internal space and is made of glass, wherein at least a part of a boundary between the internal space of the sealed structural body and the outside is separated by a sealing material containing a metal material and a lead-free oxide glass. The lead-free oxide glass contains at least one of element Ag or P, Te, and V.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: HITACHI, LTD.
    Inventors: Motomune Kodama, Masanori Miyagi, Takuya Aoyagi, Takashi Naito
  • Patent number: 10378271
    Abstract: This invention relates to a coated article including a low-emissivity (low-E) coating. In certain example embodiments, the low-E coating is provided on a substrate (e.g., glass substrate) and includes at least first and second infrared (IR) reflecting layers (e.g., silver based layers) that are spaced apart by contact layers (e.g., NiCr based layers) and a dielectric layer of or including a material such as silicon nitride. In certain example embodiments, the coated article has a low visible transmission (e.g., no greater than 60%, more preferably no greater than about 55%, and most preferably no greater than about 50%).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: GUARDIAN EUROPE S.a.r.l.
    Inventors: Hartmut Knoll, Marcus Frank
  • Patent number: 10214443
    Abstract: Lithium silicate materials are described which can be easily processed by machining to dental products without undue wear of the tools and which subsequently can be converted into lithium silicate products showing high strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: Ivoclar Vivadent AG
    Inventors: Elke Signer-Apel, Wolfram Höland, Marcel Schweiger, Christian Ritzberger, Harald Bürke, Volker Rheinberger
  • Patent number: 10196301
    Abstract: Glass and glass ceramic compositions having a combination of lithium disilicate and ?-spodumene crystalline phases along with methods of making the glass and glass ceramic compositions are described. The compositions are compatible with conventional rolling and float processes and have high mechanical strength and fracture resistance. Further, the compositions are able to be chemically tempered to even higher strength glass ceramics that are useful as large substrates in multiple applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: CORNING INCORPORATED
    Inventors: George Halsey Beall, Qiang Fu, Lisa Anne Moore, Linda Ruth Pinckney, Charlene Marie Smith
  • Patent number: 10179749
    Abstract: A low-temperature co-fired ceramic material comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 35-50% of CaO, 5-15% of B2O3, 40-55% of SiO2, 1-5% of nanometer Al2O3, 1-5% of MgO and 1-5% of nanometer ZrO2. A preparation method comprises the following steps: ball milling and mixing according to the formula, sintering at a high temperature, quenching in deionized water, grinding, performing wet ball-milling, drying and grinding; and finally, granulating to prepare a green body, discharging glue, and sintering, to obtain a low-temperature co-fired ceramic material. According to the low-temperature co-fired ceramic material and the preparation method thereof provided in the present disclosure, the prepared low-temperature co-fired ceramic material has the advantages of low dielectric constant, low loss, good overall performance and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: Shenzhen Sunlord Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jian Liu, Min Nie
  • Patent number: 10174211
    Abstract: Silver pastes including two powders having different physical properties and silver flakes together with glass frits and pigments impart improved thermal stress characteristics to substrates upon firing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Terry J. Brown, Jeffrey Grover, David Klimas, George E. Sakoske
  • Patent number: 9851633
    Abstract: An inorganic material film containing tin within the concentration range of 0.1 atomic percent or higher but no higher than 11.5 atomic percent eliminates the problem in which tin localizes and forms into particles, with the result that these particles turn into defects in an optical film. An inorganic material film for a photomask blank according to the present invention film-formed by sputtering and composed of a chromium-containing material includes a light-shielding layer having electrical conductivity, wherein the light-shielding layer contains 0.1 atomic percent or higher but no higher than 11.5 atomic percent of tin and no higher than 15 atomic percent of oxygen. The lower limit of oxygen concentration is, for example, 3 atomic percent. The inorganic material film has electrical conductivity, which is preferably no higher than 5000 ?/cm2 when evaluated in terms of resistance values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Souichi Fukaya, Kouhei Sasamoto, Hideo Nakagawa
  • Patent number: 9708460
    Abstract: Mechanical strength of a composite material is enhanced by a simple process. In a composite material comprising a resin or a rubber and an oxide glass, the resin or the rubber is dispersed in the oxide glass, or the oxide glass is dispersed in the resin or the rubber, and the oxide glass is softened and fluidized by heating at or lower than a heat decomposition temperature of the resin or the rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: HITACHI, LTD.
    Inventors: Tadashi Fujieda, Takashi Naito, Takuya Aoyagi, Yuichi Sawai, Hajime Murakami, Hiroshi Yoshida, Akihiro Miyauchi, Masahiko Ogino
  • Patent number: 9670090
    Abstract: An Ag2O—V2O5—TeO2 lead-free low-melting glass composition that is prevented or restrained from crystallization by heating so as to soften and flow more satisfactorily at a low temperature contains a principal component which includes a vanadium oxide, a tellurium oxide and a silver oxide; a secondary component which includes at least one selected from the group consisting of BaO, WO3 and P2O5; and an additional component which includes at least one selected from the group consisting of oxides of elements in Group 13 of periodic table. A total component of the principal component is 85 mole percent or more in terms of V2O5, TeO2 and Ag2O. Contents of TeO2 and Ag2O each is 1 to 2 times as much as a content of V2O5. A content of the secondary component is 0 to 13 mole percent. A content of the additional component is 0.1 to 3.0 mole percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: Hitachi Chemical Co. , Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Naito, Shinichi Tachizono, Kei Yoshimura, Yuji Hashiba, Takuya Aoyagi, Taigo Onodera, Tatsuya Miyake
  • Patent number: 9464345
    Abstract: In conventional Al coated steel sheet, with the Al coating as it is, black discoloration cannot be prevented at 550° C. or more. For this reason, post annealing is used to form a barrier layer and suppress the formation of Fe—Al intermetallic compounds. However, with this method, there were the problems that the steel sheet became poor in workability and, further, high temperature, long time heating was required, so there were problems from the workability, economy, and environmental aspect. The present invention provides steel sheet which has a heat black discoloration resistance even at a 550° C. or more high temperature without additional annealing after Al coating and further is excellent in workability. That is, it is hot dip Al coated steel sheet which comprises steel sheet which contains predetermined ingredients of C, Si, P, S, Al, N, and O plus one or both of furthermore Ni: 0.01 to 0.1% or Cu: 0.01 to 0.1% and satisfies 10×C+Ni+Cu>0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jun Maki, Shinichi Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 9434639
    Abstract: Lithium silicate materials are described which can be easily processed by machining to dental products without undue wear of the tools and which subsequently can be converted into lithium silicate products showing high strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: Ivoclar Vivadent AG
    Inventors: Elke Signer-Apel, Wolfram Höland, Marcel Schweiger, Christian Ritzberger, Harald Bürke, Volker Rheinberger
  • Patent number: 9421303
    Abstract: Applicants have disclosed a process for fusing a biocompatible glass to a metal substrate. In the preferred embodiment, the process comprises: grit blasting a metallic substrate (e.g., titanium) to remove a surface layer of the metal; after blasting, cleaning the abrasion residue off the surface layer; blending a solvent to use as a suspension agent; creating a suspension of biocompatible and bioactive glass-coating powders in the solvent solution; depositing the suspension onto the metallic substrate; drying thoroughly the suspension-coated metallic substrate; inserting the dried, coated substrate into a non-reactive chamber, purging the chamber with an inert gas, such as pure argon; and firing the metallic substrate, inside the furnace, in the inert gas. This process forms a robust fusion between the biocompatible glass and titanium, according to preliminary test results. This process can be used for various medical and dental devices, including implants and onplants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: Covalent Coating Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Orville G. Bailey, Gary Fischman, Petre Bajenaru
  • Patent number: 9322575
    Abstract: A solar energy reflector (1) comprises a mirror (5) with no copper layer laminated to a supporting sheet (7) by means of a bonding material (6). The edges of the mirror (5) are provided, at least on a portion forming the major part of their height and closest to the metallic sheet, with an edge protection (8) made of a material comprising silicone, polyurethane and/or acrylic and the material forming the edge protection (8) is different from the bonding material (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: AGC Glass Europe
    Inventors: Lionel Ventelon, Olivier Bouesnard, Bruno Cosijns
  • Patent number: 9166565
    Abstract: An output driver configured to drive an output node includes a pull-down section having a plurality of legs and a pull-up section having a plurality of pull-up legs. Each leg and pull-up leg includes a data path and a calibration path. The data paths in the pull-down section are configured to conduct to ground responsive to an assertion of a complement data output signal whereas the data paths in the pull-up section are configured to conduct to a power supply node responsive to a de-assertion of the complement data output signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Michael Joseph Brunolli, Mark Wayland
  • Patent number: 9040163
    Abstract: The invention relates to a glass item, at least one of the surfaces thereof having antimicrobial properties that are resistant to a temperature treatment, especially a temperature treatment in preparation of the subsequent tempering thereof. The glass item especially comprises an antimicrobial agent beneath the surface of the glass, and nanoparticles that are partially and/or totally incorporated into the mass of the glass close to said surface and consist of at least one inorganic component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: AGC Glass Europe
    Inventors: Pierre Boulanger, Fabian Mariage
  • Publication number: 20150140297
    Abstract: A fabrication resource receives a base material such as metal or other suitable material. The fabrication resource applies optical energy to a surface of the base material. Application of the optical energy transforms a texture on the surface of the base material. Subsequent to transforming the texture on the surface of the base material, the fabrication resource then adheres a supplemental material such as paste including glass powder to the transformed texture on the surface. Application of heat to the paste fuses the glass powder of the applied paste into a glass layer that adheres to the transformed texture. The fabrication resource contacts an electronic circuit device onto an exposed facing of the glass layer and reheats the combination of the electronic circuit device, glass layer, and base material. The application of heat secures the electronic circuit device to the layer of glass and corresponding base material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Steven E. Johnson, Keith St. Pierre, Eric Breault
  • Publication number: 20150132563
    Abstract: A sol-gel method for forming durable, scratch-resistant coatings on glass substrates. Zirconia coatings, for example, are formed from a solution of zirconium oxychloride octahydrate in an organic, polar, aprotic solvent such as dimethylformamide. Annealed coatings, which optionally include an additive such as graphene, have a low coefficient of friction and can exhibit high hardness and hydrophobicity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Shawn Michael O'Malley, Vitor Marino Schneider
  • Patent number: 9028983
    Abstract: A coated article includes a coating, such as a low emissivity (low-E) coating, supported by a substrate (e.g., glass substrate). The coating includes at least one dielectric layer including tin oxide that is doped with another metal(s). The coating may also include one or more infrared (IR) reflecting layer(s) of or including material such as silver or the like, for reflecting at least some IR radiation. In certain example embodiments, the coated article may be heat treated (e.g., thermally tempered, heat bent and/or heat strengthened). Coated articles according to certain example embodiments of this invention may be used in the context of windows, including monolithic windows for buildings, IG windows for buildings, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Brent Boyce, Jean-Marc Lemmer, Marcus Frank, Yongli Xu
  • Patent number: 9028930
    Abstract: A multiple glazing comprising at least two substrates, one substrate being coated on an inner face in contact with a gas-filled cavity with a thin-film multilayer coating having reflection properties in the infrared and/or in solar radiation, said coating comprising a single metallic functional layer and two dielectric films, said films each comprising at least one dielectric layer, said functional layer being placed between the two dielectric films, characterized in that at least one dielectric film, or both dielectric films, includes an absorbent layer which is placed in the dielectric film between two dielectric layers, the absorbent material of the absorbent layer(s) being predominantly in the dielectric film subjacent to the metallic functional layer or predominantly in the dielectric film superjacent to the metallic functional layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Glass France
    Inventors: Vincent Reymond, Hadia Gerardin, Sylvain Belliot, Veronique Rondeau, Eric Petitjean
  • Patent number: 9027374
    Abstract: A method of processing an alloy workpiece to reduce thermal cracking may comprise spraying a metallic coating material onto at least a portion of a surface of the alloy workpiece to form a surface coating metallurgically bonded to the alloy workpiece. The surface coating may be more ductile than the alloy workpiece and reduces heat loss from the alloy workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin M. Forbes Jones, Richard L. Kennedy, Wei-Di Cao
  • Patent number: 9017821
    Abstract: A coated article is provided so as to include a low-E (low emissivity) coating having an infrared (IR) reflecting layer(s) of or including a material such as silver (Ag), which is provided between a pair of contact layers. The low-E coating includes an overcoat having at least one layer of or including zirconium oxide and/or a substantially metallic layer. The overcoat has been found to improve the durability of the coating without significantly sacrificing desired optical characteristics. Such coated articles may be used in the context of windows.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Francis Wuillaume, Brent Boyce
  • Patent number: 9005763
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to Ni-inclusive ternary alloy being provided as a barrier layer for protecting an IR reflecting layer comprising silver or the like. The provision of a barrier layer comprising nickel, chromium, and/or molybdenum and/or oxides thereof may improve corrosion resistance, as well as chemical and mechanical durability. In certain examples, more than one barrier layer may be used on at least one side of the layer comprising silver. In still further examples, a NixCryMoz-based layer may be used as the functional layer, rather than or in addition to as a barrier layer, in a coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Bernd Disteldorf, Marcus Frank, Richard Blacker
  • Patent number: 8980434
    Abstract: Alumina-containing coatings based on molybdenum (Mo), silicon (Si), and boron (B) (“MoSiB coatings”) that form protective, oxidation-resistant scales on ceramic substrate at high temperatures are provided. The protective scales comprise an aluminoborosilicate glass, and may additionally contain molybdenum. Two-stage deposition methods for forming the coatings are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: John Harry Perepezko, Ridwan Sakidja, Patrick Ritt
  • Publication number: 20150070855
    Abstract: A circuit board includes a ceramics substrate composed of ceramics and a conductor portion provided on the ceramics substrate. The conductor portion is composed of a stacked body including, in order from the ceramics substrate side, an under layer that contains a Group 6 element and a glass material, and a metal layer that contains a low-melting-point metal. A portion of the low-melting-point metal constituting the metal layer migrates to the under layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Tetsuro MIYAO, Tetsuya OTSUKI, Hideki ISHIGAMI, Yukihiko SHIOHARA, Hidefumi NAKAMURA
  • Patent number: 8968878
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to Ni-inclusive ternary alloy being provided as a barrier layer for protecting an IR reflecting layer comprising silver or the like. The provision of a barrier layer comprising nickel, chromium, and/or molybdenum and/or oxides thereof may improve corrosion resistance, as well as chemical and mechanical durability. In certain examples, more than one barrier layer may be used on at least one side of the layer comprising silver. In still further examples, a NixCryMoz-based layer may be used as the functional layer, rather than or in addition to as a barrier layer, in a coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Bernd Disteldorf, Marcus Frank, Richard Blacker
  • Patent number: 8968972
    Abstract: In the chromium-containing material film of the present invention, an element is added thereto and is capable of bringing a mixture of the element and the chromium into a liquid phase at a temperature of 400° C. or lower. The use of such a chromium-containing material film as an optical film (e.g., a light-shielding film, an etching mask film, or an etching stopper film) of a photo mask blank can achieve an improvement in chlorine-dry etching while retaining the same optical characteristics and the like as those of the conventional chromium-containing material film, thereby increasing the patterning precision.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroki Yoshikawa, Souichi Fukaya, Yukio Inazuki, Tsuneo Yamamoto, Hideo Nakagawa
  • Publication number: 20150052880
    Abstract: An inorganic fiber paper includes inorganic fibers, chopped glass fibers and a binder system containing both inorganic and organic binder components. The binder system contains a low content of the organic binder that imparts suitable handling properties and tensile strength to the inorganic fiber paper without causing the paper to emit a flame when used in demanding high temperature environments. The inorganic fiber paper can be used for a variety of automotive and industrial thermal insulation applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 25, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventor: Nicholas Vandervoort
  • Patent number: 8962162
    Abstract: A composition that upon firing, forms a non-stick enamel layer is disclosed. The composition can be applied to a metal substrate to provide a non-stick, durable coating for cooking surfaces. Also disclosed are methods of forming enamel layers and corresponding coated substrates. Various ground coats and related methods are also described. Furthermore, various multilayer coatings and structures are disclosed that include an enamel layer and a ground coat layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Albert L. Benford, Jr., Andrew Gorecki, Louis J. Gazo, Charles A. Baldwin
  • Patent number: 8951617
    Abstract: The invention relates to a multiple glazing including at least two substrates, one substrate being coated on an inner face in contact with a gas-filled cavity with a thin-film multilayer coating having reflection properties in the infrared and/or in solar radiation, the coating including a metallic functional layer and at least two dielectric films, each including at least one dielectric layer, the metallic functional layer being placed between the two dielectric films, characterized in that the two dielectric films each include at least one absorbent layer which is placed in the dielectric film between two dielectric layers, the absorbent material of the absorbent layers being symmetrically placed on either side of the metallic functional layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Glass France
    Inventors: Vincent Reymond, Hadia Gerardin, Sylvain Belliot, Veronique Rondeau, Eric Petitjean
  • Publication number: 20150035137
    Abstract: There are provided a solder joint structure, a power module using the joint structure, a power module substrate with a heat sink and a method of manufacturing the same, as well as a solder base layer forming paste which is disposed and fired on a metal member to thereby react with an oxide film generated on the surface of the metal member and form the solder base layer on the metal member, capable of suppressing the occurrence of waviness and wrinkles on the surface of the metal member even at the time of loading the power cycle and heat cycle and improving the joint reliability with a joint member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Shuji Nishimoto, Kimihito Nishikawa, Yoshiyuki Nagatomo
  • Publication number: 20150037563
    Abstract: A coating material is provided that includes a sol-gel coating system, pigments, and chain-like or fibrous nanoparticles. The coating system is stable at high temperatures and is suitable for glass or glass-ceramic substrates having a low thermal expansion coefficient.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: SCHOTT AG
    Inventors: Matthias Bockmeyer, Andrea Anton, Matthias Seyfarth, Vera Breier, Silke Knoche, Angelina Milanovska
  • Patent number: 8945714
    Abstract: Example embodiments of this invention relate to a coated article including an infrared (IR) reflecting layer of a material such as silver or the like, for use in an insulating glass (IG) window unit for example. In certain example embodiments, the coating is a single-silver type coating, and includes an overcoat including an uppermost layer of or including silicon nitride and a layer of or including tin oxide immediately under and contacting the silicon nitride based overcoat. In certain example embodiments, the thicknesses of the silicon nitride based overcoat and the tin oxide based layer are balanced (e.g., substantially equal, or equal plus/minus about 10%). It has surprisingly been found that such balancing results in an improvement in thermal cycling performance and improved mechanical durability. In certain example embodiments, the coating may realize surprisingly good substantially neutral film side reflective coloration, and may achieve an improved visible transmission, SHGC ratio and low U-values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignees: Guardian Industries Corp., Centre Luxembourgeois de Recherches pour le Verre et la Ceramique S.A. (C.R.V.C.)
    Inventors: Jingyu Lao, Philip J. Lingle, Brent Boyce, Bernd Disteldorft, Richard Blacker
  • Patent number: 8945715
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a low-V2O5-content and even V2O5-free porcelain enamel with improved dish-washer resistance, very good acid resistance and good adherence on various substrates. The invention moreover relates to a transparent low-V2O5-content and even V2O5-free porcelain enamel frit for application of enamel coatings with infinite color range on a substrate made of aluminum, cast aluminum, aluminum alloy, aluminum-magnesium alloy, cast aluminum alloy, copper, austenitic stainless steel and mild steel, presenting improved dish-washer resistance, good acid resistance and good adherence on the substrate. The composition of the porcelain enamel in question comprises about 30 wt-% to about 50 wt-% SiO2, about 30 wt-% to about 40 wt-% R2O, about 15 wt-% to about 25 wt-% TiO2, about 0 wt-% to about 5 wt-% RO, about 0 wt-% to about 4 wt-% V2O5, about 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Pemco Brugge BVBA
    Inventors: Efimenko Svetlana, Nancy Crevits, Christian Schlegel
  • Patent number: 8940398
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to Ni-inclusive ternary alloy being provided as a barrier layer for protecting an IR reflecting layer comprising silver or the like. The provision of a barrier layer comprising nickel, chromium, and/or molybdenum and/or oxides thereof may improve corrosion resistance, as well as chemical and mechanical durability. In certain examples, more than one barrier layer may be used on at least one side of the layer comprising silver. In still further examples, a NixCryMoz-based layer may be used as the functional layer, rather than or in addition to as a barrier layer, in a coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Bernd Disteldorf, Marcus Frank, Richard Blacker
  • Patent number: 8940399
    Abstract: This invention relates to a coated article including a low-emissivity (low-E) coating. In certain example embodiments, the low-E coating is provided on a substrate (e.g., glass substrate) and includes at least first and second infrared (IR) reflecting layers (e.g., silver based layers) that are spaced apart by contact layers (e.g., NiCr based layers) and a dielectric layer of or including a material such as silicon nitride. In certain example embodiments, the coated article has a low visible transmission (e.g., no greater than 50%, more preferably no greater than about 40%, and most preferably no greater than about 39%).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Francis Wuillaume, Muhammad Imran, Afonso Kreling, Brent Boyce
  • Patent number: 8940400
    Abstract: An insulating glass (IG) window unit includes first and second substrates, and a low-emissivity (low-E) coating supported by one of the substrates. The low-E coating has two silver based infrared (IR) reflecting layers and allows the IG window unit to realize an increased SHGC to U-value ratio, and an increased thickness ratio of an upper silver based layer of the coating to a bottom silver based layer of the coating. The low-E coating is designed to have a low film-side reflectance, so that for example when the low-E coating is used on surface number three of an IG window unit the IG window unit can realize reduced visible reflectance as viewed from the outside of the building on which the IG window unit is mounted or is to be mounted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Francis Wuillaume, Brent Boyce
  • Publication number: 20150022983
    Abstract: A method includes depositing a thin film on a first surface of a first substrate and moving a second surface of a second substrate into contact with the thin film such that the thin film is located between the first and second surfaces. The method further includes generating electromagnetic (EM) radiation of a first wavelength, the first wavelength selected such that the thin film absorbs EM radiation at the first wavelength. Additionally, the method includes directing the EM radiation through one of the first and second substrates and onto a region of the thin film until the first and second substrates are fused in the region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: David A. Ruben, Michael S. Sandlin
  • Patent number: 8932723
    Abstract: Provided is low emissivity glass including a low emissivity layer containing electrically conductive metal; and a composite metal oxide formed on one or both sides of the low emissivity layer and expressed by a following chemical formula 1: TiCeOx??(1) wherein Ti is titanium element, Ce is cerium element, and Ox is oxide. Since the dielectric layer which serves as protecting low emissivity layer of low emissivity glass and reducing emissivity contains the composite metal oxide expressed by the above chemical formula 1, visible light transmissivity can be greatly increased with excellent low emissivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: LG Hausys, Ltd.
    Inventors: Youn Ki Jun, Il Joon Bae
  • Publication number: 20150010729
    Abstract: Provided is a glass cell in which the thickness of the interior space has high uniformity. A glass cell (1) includes first and second glass sheets (11, 12) and an intermediate sheet (13). The first and second glass sheets (11, 12) are disposed to face each other at a distance. The intermediate sheet (13) is disposed between the first glass sheet (11) and the second glass sheet (12). The intermediate sheet (13) includes an opening (13a). A surface of the intermediate sheet (13) next to the first glass sheet (11) or a surface of the first glass sheet (11) next to the intermediate sheet (13) is made of metal and a surface of the intermediate sheet (13) next to the second glass sheet (12) or a surface of the second glass sheet (12) next to the intermediate sheet (13) is made of metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Applicant: NIPPON ELECTRIC GLASS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Sotohiro Nakajima, Masaaki Kadomi, Tomoaki Kawamura, Takumi Murakami
  • Publication number: 20140357147
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a core made of a glass material so as to be capable of preventing generation of warpage in a printed circuit board due to a difference in a coefficient of thermal expansion at the time of manufacturing the printed circuit board. The core includes: an organic cloth; and a glass having the organic cloth formed therein. The core is manufactured in a form in which rigidity thereof is increased by impregnating the organic cloth having a negative coefficient of thermal expansion is impregnated in a liquid-phase glass, thereby making it possible to effectively prevent generation of warpage in the printed circuit board due to the difference in a coefficient of thermal expansion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tae Hong MIN, Sang Hoon KIM, Hye Jin KIM
  • Publication number: 20140356635
    Abstract: Some novel features pertain to a substrate that includes a first core layer, a second core layer laterally located to the first core layer in the substrate, a first inorganic core layer (e.g., glass, silicon, ceramic) laterally positioned between the first core layer and the second core layer, the first inorganic core layer configured to be vertically aligned with a die configured to be coupled to the substrate, and a dielectric layer covering the first core layer, the second core layer and the first inorganic core layer. In some implementations, the first inorganic core layer has a first coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), the die has a second coefficient of thermal expansion, and the first core layer has a third coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). The first CTE of the first inorganic core layer closely matches the second CTE of the die in order to reduce the likelihood of warpage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventor: Chin-Kwan Kim
  • Patent number: 8900729
    Abstract: A coated article includes a coating, such as a low emissivity (low-E) coating, supported by a substrate (e.g., glass substrate). The coating includes at least one dielectric layer including zinc oxide that is doped with another metal(s). The coating may also include one or more infrared (IR) reflecting layer(s) of or including material such as silver or the like, for reflecting at least some IR radiation. In certain example embodiments, the coated article may be heat treated (e.g., thermally tempered, heat bent and/or heat strengthened). Coated articles according to certain example embodiments of this invention may be used in the context of windows, including monolithic windows for buildings, IG windows for buildings, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Brent Boyce, Jean-Marc Lemmer, Marcus Frank, Yongli Xu
  • Patent number: 8900713
    Abstract: A sheet of vitreous material bearing a multilayer solar control lamination that includes at least one functional layer based on a material that reflects infrared radiation surrounded by dielectric coatings and at least one 4 nm thick absorbent layer formed by at least one oxide or oxynitride of a cobalt- and/or copper-based alloy. The sheet of vitreous material may be applied to solar control glazing units having multiple glazings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: AGC Glass Europe
    Inventor: Philippe Roquiny
  • Patent number: 8895149
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to Ni-inclusive ternary alloy being provided as a barrier layer for protecting an IR reflecting layer comprising silver or the like. The provision of a barrier layer comprising nickel, chromium, and/or molybdenum and/or oxides thereof may improve corrosion resistance, as well as chemical and mechanical durability. In certain examples, more than one barrier layer may be used on at least one side of the layer comprising silver. In still further examples, a NixCryMoz-based layer may be used as the functional layer, rather than or in addition to as a barrier layer, in a coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Bernd Disteldorf, Marcus Frank, Richard Blacker
  • Patent number: 8895150
    Abstract: A substrate having a coating is disclosed. The coating is formed of a plurality of layers. At least one of the layers includes a super alloy and at least two additional layers including silver. A coating for a substrate is also disclosed. A method of applying a coating to a substrate is further disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Apogee Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventor: Randy Leland Stull
  • Patent number: 8889272
    Abstract: A coated article includes a coating, such as a low emissivity (low-E) coating, supported by a substrate (e.g., glass substrate). The coating includes at least one dielectric layer including tin oxide that is doped with another metal(s). The coating may also include one or more infrared (IR) reflecting layer(s) of or including material such as silver or the like, for reflecting at least some IR radiation. In certain example embodiments, the coated article may be heat treated (e.g., thermally tempered, heat bent and/or heat strengthened). Coated articles according to certain example embodiments of this invention may be used in the context of windows, including monolithic windows for buildings, IG windows for buildings, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Brent Boyce, Jean-Marc Lemmer, Marcus Frank, Yongli Xu
  • Publication number: 20140335335
    Abstract: One or more aspects of the disclosure pertain to an article including an optical film structure disposed on an inorganic oxide substrate, which may include a strengthened or non-strengthened substrate that may be amorphous or crystalline, such that the article exhibits scratch resistance and retains the same or improved optical properties as the inorganic oxide substrate, without the optical film structure disposed thereon. In one or more embodiments, the article exhibits an average transmittance of 85% or more, over the visible spectrum (e.g., 380 nm-780 nm). Embodiments of the optical film structure include aluminum-containing oxides, aluminum-containing oxy-nitrides, aluminum-containing nitrides (e.g., AlN) and combinations thereof. The optical film structures disclosed herein also include a transparent dielectric including oxides such as silicon oxide, germanium oxide, aluminum oxide and a combination thereof. Methods of forming such articles are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: CORNING INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Karl William Koch, III, Charles Andrew Paulson
  • Publication number: 20140315011
    Abstract: Disclosed is a core member for a vacuum insulation material, the core member having high initial insulation performance and radiant heat blocking performance, and the vacuum insulation material using same. The vacuum insulation material according to the present invention comprises a plurality of core layers, a radiant heat blocking film which is disposed between the plurality of core layers, and an outer skin material which vacuum-packs the core layers and the radiant heat blocking film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Myung Lee, Seong Moon Jung, Eun Joo Kim
  • Patent number: 8865325
    Abstract: Temperable and non-temperable coatings are provided which have similar optical characteristics. The non-temperable coating is placed on glass that is not to be tempered and provides certain optical characteristics. The temperable coating is placed on a glass substrate and the coated substrate is then tempered. After tempering, the coated tempered glass sheet and the coated non-tempered glass sheet have similar optical characteristics. Both coatings have a plurality of metal layers, with at least one of the metallic layers being a discontinuous layer with a primer layer over the discontinuous metal layer. For the non-temperable coating, the discontinuous metal layer has an effective thickness in the range of 1.5 nm to 1.7 nm. For the temperable coating, the discontinuous metal layer has an effective thickness in the range of 1.7 nm to 1.8 nm. The primer layer of the temperable coating is thinner than the primer layer of the non-temperable coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Adam D. Polcyn, Andrew V. Wagner, Martin Cunningham, David L. Szypulski