Refractory Metal Salt Or Oxide Patents (Class 428/472)
  • Patent number: 10370758
    Abstract: A coated tool is, for example, a cutting tool which is provided with a base material and a coating layer located on the base material, wherein a cutting edge and a flank surface are located on the coating layer, the coating layer has a portion in which at least a titanium carbonitride layer and an aluminum oxide layer having an ?-type crystal structure are laminated in this order, and, with regard to a texture coefficient (Tc) (hkl) which is calculated on a basis of a peak of the aluminum oxide layer analyzed by an X-ray diffraction analysis, a texture coefficient (Tc1) (4_0_10) as measured from a surface side of the aluminum oxide layer in the flank surface is 0.6 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: Kyocera Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshikazu Kodama, Kensaku Watanabe, Takahito Tanibuchi
  • Patent number: 10369632
    Abstract: A coated tool is, for example, a cutting tool which is provided with a base material and a coating layer located on the base material, wherein a cutting edge and a flank surface are located on the coating layer, the coating layer has a portion in which at least a titanium carbonitride layer and an aluminum oxide layer having an ?-type crystal structure are laminated in this order, and, with regard to a texture coefficient (Tc) (hkl) which is calculated on a basis of a peak of the aluminum oxide layer analyzed by an X-ray diffraction analysis, a texture coefficient (Tc1) (146) as measured from a surface side of the aluminum oxide layer in the flank surface is 1 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Inventors: Kensaku Watanabe, Yoshikazu Kodama, Takahito Tanibuchi
  • Patent number: 10094227
    Abstract: A fan blade and method of manufacturing a fan blade includes a metallic fan blade body with a crystalline oxidation layer and immersing the crystalline oxidation layer in a solution of ceramic nanosheets in suspension. A fan blade for a gas turbine engine includes a metallic fan blade body having a tip with a crystalline oxidation layer, wherein the crystalline oxidation layer includes pores containing ceramic nanosheets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventor: Zhongfen Ding
  • Patent number: 10087103
    Abstract: A seal composition includes a first alkaline earth metal oxide, a second alkaline earth metal oxide which is different from the first alkaline earth metal oxide, aluminum oxide, and silica in an amount such that molar percent of silica in the composition is at least five molar percent greater than two times a combined molar percent of the first alkaline earth metal oxide and the second alkaline earth metal oxide. The composition is substantially free of phosphorus oxide. The seal composition forms a glass ceramic seal which includes silica containing glass cores located in a crystalline matrix comprising barium aluminosilicate, and calcium aluminosilicate crystals located in the glass cores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ananda H. Kumar, Dien Nguyen, Martin Janousek, Tad Armstrong
  • Patent number: 10087498
    Abstract: Provided is a battery armoring stainless steel foil which has excellent adhesiveness to resin after being thermally shocked and after being immersed in an electrolyte solution. A battery armoring stainless steel foil (1) includes an oxide film (1a), having a thickness of not less than 2 nm, which contains (i) Fe in an amount of not less than 40 mol percent, (ii) Cr in a lesser amount than Fe, and (iii) Si in an amount of not more than 40 mol percent, the battery armoring stainless steel foil (1) having an arithmetic mean roughness Ra of less than 0.1 ?m but not less than 0.02 ?m in a direction orthogonal to a direction in which the battery armoring stainless steel foil (1) has been rolled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: Nisshin Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Daichi Ueda, Shoichi Matsuo, Takahiro Fujii, Naoki Hirakawa, Shuichi Sugita, Yukio Oda
  • Patent number: 10006116
    Abstract: An intermediate layer forming method to form an intermediate layer formed between a base material and a DLC film using a PVD method includes: a Ti layer film-forming step of film-forming a Ti layer on a base material; and a TiC layer film-forming step of film-forming a TiC layer on the Ti layer, in which in the Ti layer film-forming step, an Ar gas is supplied into a chamber into which the base material is carried and a film-forming pressure is set to a pressure in a range of not less than 0.4 Pa and not more than 1 Pa to film-form the Ti layer, and in the TiC layer film-forming step, an Ar gas and a CH4 gas are supplied into the chamber, a film-forming pressure is set to a pressure in a range of 0.2 Pa or more to less than 0.4 Pa, and a second bias voltage higher in bias voltage than a first bias voltage applied to the base material in the Ti layer film-forming step and higher in bias voltage than ?100 V is applied to the base material to film-form the TiC layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: DOWA THERMOTECH CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Motohiro Watanabe, Hiroyuki Matsuoka, Wataru Sakakibara, Soichiro Nogami
  • Patent number: 9945036
    Abstract: A coating system on a superalloy or silicon-containing substrate of an article exposed to high temperatures. The coating system includes a coating layer that overlies the substrate and is susceptible to hot corrosion promoted by molten salt impurities. A corrosion barrier coating overlies the coating layer and contains at least one rare-earth oxide-containing compound that reacts with the molten salt impurities to form a dense, protective byproduct barrier layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Peter Joel Meschter, Raymond Grant Rowe
  • Patent number: 9937559
    Abstract: A manufacturing method of a multilayer shell-core composite structural component comprises the following procedures: (1) respectively preparing feeding material for injection forming of a core layer, a buffer layer and a shell layer, wherein the powders of feeding material of the core layer and the shell layer are selected from one or more of metallic powder, ceramic powder or toughened ceramic powder, and are different from each other, and the powder of feeding material of the buffer layer is gradient composite material powder; (2) layer by layer producing the blank of multilayer shell-core composite structural component by powder injection molding; (3) degreasing the blank; and (4) sintering the blank to obtain the multilayer shell-core composite structural component. The multilayer shell-core composite structural component has the advantages of high surface hardness, abrasion resistance, uniform thickness of the shell layer, stable and persistent performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Inventors: Yadong Li, Yajun Li
  • Patent number: 9905365
    Abstract: Composite electronic including coil, capacitor and intermediate parts, wherein coil part includes coil-conductor and magnetic-layer, capacitor part includes internal electrodes and dielectric-layer, which contains SrO—TiO2 or ZnO—TiO2 based oxide, intermediate part between coil and capacitor parts, intermediate part includes intermediate material layer, which contains ZnO, TiO2 and boron, ZnO contained in intermediate material layer 50-85 parts by mole and TiO2 contained the intermediate material layer 15-50 parts by mole when total content of ZnO and TiO2 in intermediate material layer is 100 parts by mole, content boron in intermediate material layer is 0.1-5.0 parts by weight of B2O3 when total of ZnO and TiO2 in intermediate material layer set to 100 parts by weight, part of ZnO and TiO2 intermediate material layer constitute ZnO—TiO2 compound, which in intermediate material layer is 50 wt % or more when total weight of ZnO and TiO2 in intermediate material layer is set to 100 wt %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: TDK CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kouichi Kakuda, Takashi Suzuki, Masaki Takahashi, Yukio Takahashi, Shinichi Kondo, Asuka Murai, Akihiko Oide, Naoki Uchida, Hidekazu Sato
  • Patent number: 9897145
    Abstract: A coated component, in particular to a rolling bearing part, made from a metallic substrate (2), and a PVD coating (3), which is applied to the substrate (2), formed of chromium and having a thickness of less than 2 ?m, wherein the PVD coating (3) forms the surface of the component, and a compound of chromium and at least one further element is formed on the component surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Bertram Haag, Yashar Musayev, Walter Holweger, Toni Blass, Tim Matthias Hosenfeldt, Arbogast Grunau
  • Patent number: 9821373
    Abstract: A manufacturing method of a multilayer shell-core composite structural component comprises the following procedures: (1) respectively preparing feeding material for injection forming of a core layer, a buffer layer and a shell layer, wherein the powders of feeding material of the core layer and the shell layer are selected from one or more of metallic powder, ceramic powder or toughened ceramic powder, and are different from each other, and the powder of feeding material of the buffer layer is gradient composite material powder; (2) layer by layer producing the blank of multilayer shell-core composite structural component by powder injection molding; (3) degreasing the blank; and (4) sintering the blank to obtain the multilayer shell-core composite structural component. The multilayer shell-core composite structural component has the advantages of high surface hardness, abrasion resistance, uniform thickness of the shell layer, stable and persistent performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Inventors: Yadong Li, Yajun Li
  • Patent number: 9657385
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a thermochromic substrate, with which transmittance can be increased. The method includes the steps of forming a first thin film as a coating on a base substrate, the refractive index of the first thin film being different from that of a VO2 thin film; forming a pre-thermochromic thin film by coating the first thin film with pure vanadium; forming a second thin film as a coating on the pre-thermochromic thin film, the refractive index of the second thin film being different from that of a VO2 thin film; and heat-treating a resultant stack that includes the base substrate, the first thin film, the pre-thermochromic thin film and the second thin film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: Corning Precision Materials Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yong Won Choi, Yung-Jin Jung, Hyun Bin Kim, Seulgi Bae
  • Patent number: 9580610
    Abstract: The present invention relates to aluminium oxide pastes and to a process for the use of the aluminium oxide pastes for the formation of Al2O3 coatings or mixed Al2O3 hybrid layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: MERCK PATENT GMBH
    Inventors: Ingo Koehler, Oliver Doll, Werner Stockum, Sebastian Barth
  • Patent number: 9579746
    Abstract: A thermocompression bonding structure includes a first member and a second member having a linear expansion coefficient different from that of the first member; and metal fine particles interposed between the first and second members as a bonding material to thermocompression bond the two members. The two members are disposed to apply thermal stress generating between the first member and the second member as pressurizing force on a bonding surface between the two members, and to increase temperature to thermocompression bond the first member and the second member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yoshito Kinoshita, Eiji Mochizuki, Tatsuo Nishizawa, Shinji Tada
  • Patent number: 9531015
    Abstract: A seal composition includes a first alkaline earth metal oxide, a second alkaline earth metal oxide which is different from the first alkaline earth metal oxide, aluminum oxide, and silica in an amount such that molar percent of silica in the composition is at least five molar percent greater than two times a combined molar percent of the first alkaline earth metal oxide and the second alkaline earth metal oxide. The composition is substantially free of boron oxide and phosphorus oxide. The seal composition forms a glass ceramic seal which includes silica containing glass cores located in a crystalline matrix comprising barium aluminosilicate, and calcium aluminosilicate crystals located in the glass cores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ananda H. Kumar, Dien Nguyen, Martin Janousek, Tad Armstrong
  • Patent number: 9499699
    Abstract: The present invention relates to solar absorptive coatings including a ceramic material. In particular, the coatings of the invention are laser-treated to further enhance the solar absorptivity of the material. Methods of making and using such materials are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: Aaron C. Hall, David P. Adams
  • Patent number: 9469903
    Abstract: Disclosed is a neutral to alkaline inorganic conversion coating composition that can be applied directly to a metal surface without a phosphatizing pre-treatment and that provides significant corrosion protection to the surface. The coating composition is very versatile and can accommodate addition of a wide variety of organic polymers which can be added directly to the coating composition thus eliminating multistep coating processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Thomas S. Smith, Jasdeep Sohi, Brian D. Bammel, Gregory T. Donaldson, John J. Comoford, John McGee, John L. Zimmerman
  • Patent number: 9409238
    Abstract: A hard coating for a cutting tool being highly resistant to both wear and seizure; and a cutting tool coated with the hard coating. This hard coating is a multilayer film including two or more of the following layered in alternation: first coating layers including AgaCu1-a; and second coating layers including a nitride, oxide, carbide, carbonitride, or boride containing at least one element selected from among group IVA, VA, and VIA elements, aluminum, and silicon. Since the atomic proportion for the first coating layers is between 0.2 and 0.4, inclusive, the layering pitch of the first and second coating layers is between 0.2 and 100 nm, inclusive, and the total thickness is between 0.2 and 10.0 ?m, inclusive, the coefficient of friction and cutting resistance can be reduced by the inclusion of silver in the coating, and provide a hard coating that exhibits superb lubricity and resistance to seizure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: OSG CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masatoshi Sakurai, Takaomi Toihara
  • Patent number: 9303546
    Abstract: A method is provided for protecting at least one metallic surface against discolorations under the action of heat. The method includes applying a lacquer to the metallic surfaces and then stoving the metallic surface while sealing the metallic surface against oxygen contact to form a permanently effective oxygen barrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: DR. ING H.C.F. PORSCHE AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventor: Frank Haunstetter
  • Patent number: 9296644
    Abstract: The amorphous and/or partially crystalline glass solders are particularly suitable for high-temperature applications, e.g. in fuel cells or sensors in the exhaust gas stream of internal combustion engines. The glass solder is characterized by a linear coefficient of thermal expansion in the temperature range from 20° C. to 300° C. of 8.0×10?6 K?1 to 11.0×10?6 K?1 and a hemisphere temperature of 820° C. to 1100° C. and is suitable for laser bonding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: SCHOTT AG
    Inventor: Bastian Schoen
  • Patent number: 9249515
    Abstract: Cutting tool has a substrate and a multilayer coating deposited by PVD. The coating comprises a base layer of one or more identical or different layers of a nitride or carbonitride which contains at least aluminium (Al) and a chromium-containing, oxidic functional layer. Attachment of the chromium-containing functional layer is improved by an intermediate layer of one or more oxides or oxide nitrates of the metals Al, Cr, Si, and/or Zr provided between the base layer and the functional layer. The intermediate layer has a cubic structure and the chromium-containing functional layer is selected from chromium oxide (Cr2O3), chromium oxynitride, aluminium-chromium oxide (AlCr)2O3, aluminium-chromium oxynitride or a mixed oxide or mixed oxynitride of aluminium, chromium and further metals of (AlCrMe1, Men)2 oxide or (AlCrMe1, Men)2 oxynitride, where Me . . . Men means one or more further metals, selected from Hf, Y, Zr and Ru, and wherein the functional layer has a rhombohedral structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: Walter AG
    Inventors: Veit Schier, Wolfgang Engelhart
  • Patent number: 9243323
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention includes a base material and a coating film formed on the base material. The coating film includes at least one TiB2 layer. The TiB2 layer includes Cl together with TiB2. This surface-coated cutting tool is characterized in that assuming that in the TiB2 layer, a first region represents a region having a thickness of 0.5 ?m from an interface on the base material side, and a second region represents a region having a thickness of 0.5 ?m from an interface on the coating film surface side, an atomic ratio Cl/(Ti+Cl) between Ti and Cl is higher in the first region than in the second region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Anongsack Paseuth, Keiichi Tsuda, Susumu Okuno, Hideaki Kanaoka, Takahiro Ichikawa, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Minoru Itoh
  • Patent number: 9216456
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention includes a base material and a coating film formed on the base material. The coating film includes at least one TiB2 layer. The TiB2 layer includes Cl together with TiB2. This surface-coated cutting tool is characterized in that assuming that in the TiB2 layer, a first region represents a region having a thickness of 0.5 ?m from an interface on the base material side, and a second region represents a region having a thickness of 0.5 ?m from an interface on the coating film surface side, an atomic ratio Cl/(Ti+Cl) between Ti and Cl is higher in the second region than in the first region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Anongsack Paseuth, Keiichi Tsuda, Susumu Okuno, Hideaki Kanaoka, Takahiro Ichikawa, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Minoru Itoh
  • Patent number: 9117776
    Abstract: Organic light-emitting displays and methods of manufacturing the same are disclosed. An organic light-emitting display includes a substrate; a display panel provided on the substrate, the display panel having an emission area in which an organic light-emitting device is provided and a non-emission area that separates the emission area; and a color-changing material layer provided on the display panel, wherein the color-changing material layer includes a light-transmission part corresponding to the emission area and a light-blocking part corresponding to the non-emission area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hyun-Ho Kim, Seung-Yong Song, Sang-Hwan Cho, Soo-Youn Kim, Seung-Hun Kim, Sang-Hyun Park, Cheol Jang, Chung-Sock Choi
  • Patent number: 9090951
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the production of a hardened component made of a hardenable steel, wherein the steel strip is exposed to a temperature increase in an oven, and is thus exposed to an oxidizing treatment such that a surface oxide layer is created, and subsequently a coating using a metal or a metal alloy is carried out. The strip is heated and at least partially austenitized for producing an at least partially hardened component, and subsequently cooled and thereby hardened. The invention also relates to a steel strip produced according to said method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: VOESTALPINE STAHL GMBH
    Inventors: Werner Brandstätter, Siegfried Kolnberger, Thomas Kurz, Martin Peruzzi, Johann Strutzenberger, Thomas Manzenreiter
  • Publication number: 20150147587
    Abstract: An aspect of the present invention relates to ferroelectric ceramics including a stacked film formed on a Si substrate, a Pt film formed on the stacked film, a SrTiO3 film formed on the Pt film, and a PZT film formed on the SrTiO3, wherein the stacked film is formed by repeating sequentially N times a first ZrO2 film and a Y2O3 film, and a second ZrO2 film is formed on the film formed repeatedly N times, the N being an integer of 1 or more. It is preferable that a ratio of Y/(Zr+Y) of the stacked film is 30% or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Takeshi KIJIMA, Yuuji HONDA, Yukinori TANI
  • Patent number: 9040166
    Abstract: A hot-pressed member includes a steel sheet, a Ni-diffusion region present in a surface layer of the steel sheet, and an intermetallic compound layer and a ZnO layer which are provided in order on the Ni-diffusion region, the intermetallic compound layer corresponding to a ? phase present in a phase equilibrium diagram of a Zn—Ni alloy, wherein a spontaneous immersion potential indicated in a 0.5 M NaCl aqueous air-saturated solution at 25° C.±5° C. is ?600 to ?360 mV based on a standard hydrogen electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroki Nakamaru, Seiji Nakajima, Tatsuya Miyoshi, Hiroyuki Masuoka, Shinji Ootsuka
  • Patent number: 9034488
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to jewelry articles comprising a substrate and a metallic, external coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Frederick Goldman, Inc.
    Inventor: Andrew Derrig
  • Patent number: 9034051
    Abstract: A bone repair material being superior in apatite-forming ability and its stability in a storage and high in scratch resistance is disclosed. The material is produced by a method comprising the steps of: immersing a substrate made of titanium or a titanium alloy in a first aqueous solution that does not contain calcium ions but contains at least one cation selected from the group consisting of sodium ions and potassium ions and is alkaline; immersing the substrate in a second aqueous solution that does not contain phosphate ions but contains calcium ions; heating the substrate in a dry atmosphere; and treating the substrate with hot water of 60° C. or higher or with steam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: ADVANCED MEDIX INC.
    Inventors: Tadashi Kokubo, Takashi Kizuki, Seiji Yamaguchi, Tomiharu Matsushita
  • Patent number: 9028954
    Abstract: The invention relates to a cutting tool comprising a main part and a multilayer coating applied thereon. A first layer A made of a hard material is applied on the main part, said hard material being selected from titanium aluminum nitride (TiAlN), titanium aluminum silicon nitride (TiAlSiN), chromium nitride (CrN), aluminum chromium nitride (AlCrN), aluminum chromium silicon nitride (AlCrSiN), and zirconium nitride (ZrN), and a second layer B made of silicon nitride (Si3N4) is applied directly over the first layer A.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Walter AG
    Inventor: Veit Schier
  • Publication number: 20150123518
    Abstract: A plastic member, on which a metal layer is formed on a surface of a plastic object, a method of manufacturing the same, and an electronic product including the same are provided. The method of manufacturing a multilayer thin film includes modifying a surface of a plastic object using a plasma treatment, depositing a reflective metal layer on the surface of the plastic object, and depositing a transparent ceramic layer on the reflective metal layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Seo Joon LEE, Jin Sub KIM, Hyong Jun YOO, Min Chul JUNG, Jin Hyun CHO
  • Publication number: 20150125691
    Abstract: The invention concerns reflective opaque panels that can be used as facing panels or decorative panels. They consist of a substrate coated with a stack of layers comprising, in the following order, at least (i) a transparent substrate, (ii) a first chromium layer, (iii) a dielectric layer in direct contact with the first chromium layer, and (iv) a second chromium layer, in direct contact with the dielectric layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: AGC GLASS EUROPE
    Inventor: Stijn Mahieu
  • Patent number: 9023481
    Abstract: Using aqueous electrolytes containing complex fluorides or oxyfluorides such as fluorozirconates and fluorotitanates, ferrous metal articles and non-metallic articles having a first coating containing aluminum may be rapidly anodized to form a second protective surface coating. White coatings may be formed on articles using pulsed direct current or alternating current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventor: Shawn E. Dolan
  • Patent number: 9023764
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an oxide superconductor includes an oriented superconductor layer and an oxide layer. The oriented superconductor layer contains fluorine at 2.0×1016-5.0×1019 atoms/cc and carbon at 1.0×1018-5.0×1020 atoms/cc. The superconductor layer contains in 90% or more a portion oriented along c-axis with an in-plane orientation degree (??) of 10 degrees or less, and contains a LnBa2Cu3O7-x superconductor material (Ln being yttrium or a lanthanoid except cerium, praseodymium, promethium, and lutetium). The oxide layer is provided in contact with a lower surface of the superconductor layer and oriented with an in-plane orientation degree (??) of 10 degrees or less with respect to one crystal axis of the superconductor layer. Area of a portion of the lower surface of the superconductor layer in contact with the oxide layer is 0.3 or less of area of a region directly below the superconductor layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Takeshi Araki, Mariko Hayashi, Ko Yamada, Hiroyuki Fuke
  • Publication number: 20150099076
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing a composite material comprising a functionalization of the substrate, which comprises treatment of said substrate with at least one first alcoholic solvent, functionalization of a first powder and formation of a first colloidal sol of said functionalized first powder in a second solvent, at least one application of a layer of said first colloidal sol of said first powder to the substrate, drying of said layer of said first colloidal sol and formation of a layer of first coating formed by said first colloidal sol, adherent to said substrate, by heating at a temperature above 50° C. and below 500° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: PRAYON SA
    Inventors: Dimitri Liquet, Carlos Alberto Paez, Cedric Calberg, David Eskenazi, Jean-Paul Pirard, Benoit Heinrichs
  • Patent number: 8999531
    Abstract: A coated cBN sintered body has excellent wear resistance, fracture resistance, adhesiveness between a substrate and a coating, and a tool life of which is elongated as compared with conventional cBN sintered bodies. The coated cBN sintered body has a cBN sintered body substrate and a coating coated on the surface thereof. The cBN sintered body includes 76 to 90% by volume of cBN, and 10 to 24% by volume of a binder phase and inevitable impurities. An average grain size of cBN is 0.5 to 5.0 ?m, an average value of the thickness of the binder phase is 0.05 to 0.8 ?m, and the standard deviation of the thickness of the binder phase is 0.8 ?m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Tungaloy Corporation
    Inventors: Takahide Kudoh, Naohiro Kagawa, Takashi Umemura
  • Publication number: 20150092170
    Abstract: A method for repairing a collector for an EUV projection exposure apparatus having a first coating and a second coating, wherein the first coating is arranged between the second coating and a surface of the collector. The method includes completely or partly removing the first coating by treatment with a first chemical solution, and applying a new first coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Oli Ehrler, Uwe Meier, Alexander Uhl, Holger Kierey
  • Patent number: 8988758
    Abstract: A thermochromic window doped with a dopant and a method of manufacturing the same. The thermochromic window includes a substrate and a thermochromic thin film formed on the substrate. The thermochromic thin film has a thermochromic material doped with a dopant, the concentration of the dopant gradually decreasing in a depth direction from one surface of the upper surface and the undersurface of the thermochromic thin film. The thermochromic window has a high level of visible light transmittance and high phase change efficiency while having a low phase transition temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Corning Precision Materials Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yong Won Choi, Yung-Jin Jung, Dong Gun Moon, Jee Yun Cha
  • Patent number: 8980398
    Abstract: A component which dissipates heat produced during operation thereof has a ceramic base the surface of which is covered in at least one area by a metalized coating, the ceramic base being spatially structured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: CeramTee GmbH
    Inventor: Claus Peter Kluge
  • Patent number: 8980425
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a bioactive material and to a method of producing a bioactive material which is suitable for use as an implant or for use as a bone substitute for repairing bone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Smith & Nephew PLC
    Inventors: Graeme Howling, Paul Gunning
  • Patent number: 8974896
    Abstract: An article is coated with a coating having a dark color. In a preferred embodiment, the coating comprises a nickel or polymer basecoat layer, a first metal oxycarbide color layer comprised of 15 atomic percent carbon, 25 to 30 atomic percent oxygen, and 55 to 60 percent atomic percent refractory metal, a second metal oxycarbide color layer comprised of 10 atomic percent carbon, 50 to 60 atomic percent oxygen, and 30 to 40 atomic percent refractory metal, and a top layer of refractory metal oxides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Vapor Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas L. Peterson, Bryce R. Anton
  • Publication number: 20150064430
    Abstract: Disclosed is a heat insulation layer system for metallic components, in particular for components stressed by high temperatures and/or hot gas, of a flow machine, having at least one heat insulation layer of a material comprising at least one component having at least one phase which stoichiometrically contains from 1 to 80 mol % of Mx2O3, from 0.5 to 80 mol % of MyO with Al2O3 and unavoidable impurities as balance, where Mx is selected from the elements lanthanum, neodymium, chromium or mixtures thereof and My is selected from alkaline earth metals, transition metals, rare earths or mixtures thereof, where an Al2O3 layer is present on the at least one heat insulation layer on the side facing away from the component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventor: Philipp DOEBBER
  • Publication number: 20150064431
    Abstract: In one aspect, cutting tools are described having coatings adhered thereto which, in some embodiments, demonstrate desirable wear resistance and increased cutting lifetimes. A coated cutting tool described herein comprises a substrate and a coating adhered to the substrate, the coating including a refractory layer comprising plurality of sublayer groups, a sublayer group comprising an aluminum oxynitride (AlON) sublayer or a composite AlON sublayer and an alumina (Al2O3) sublayer or composite alumina sublayer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: Volkmar Sottke, Karl Heinz Wendt, Hartmut Westphal, Peter Leicht, Yixiong Liu
  • Patent number: 8956722
    Abstract: The invention thus relates to a layer system (1) for the formation of a surface layer on a surface of a substrate, in particular on the surface of a tool, in particular on the surface of a shaping tool, wherein the layer system includes at least a first surface layer of the composition (VaMebMcXd)?(NuCvOw)?, where (a+b+c+d)=?, ?=100%, with respect to the atoms Va,Meb,Mc,Xd present in the layer, (u+v+w)=?. ?=100 with respect to the atoms N, C, O present in the layer, with the sum of all the atoms in the layer (?+?)=100 at %, where 40???80 at % applies, and where Meb is at least one element from the group of chemical elements including Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Mo, W, Ni, Cu, Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm of the periodic system of chemical elements and Mc is at least one element of the group of chemical elements including Ti, Cr, and Xd is at least one element from the group of chemical elements including S, Se, Si, B of the periodic system of elements, where 0?u?100, 0?v?100 and 0?w?80.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Oerlikon Metaplas GmbH
    Inventors: Joerg Vetter, Georg Erkens
  • Patent number: 8956721
    Abstract: A surface treatment method for metal substrate includes: a metal substrate is provided; a first color layer is deposited on the metal substrate, the first color layer being a TiC layer or a TiN layer; a second color layer is deposited on the first color layer, the first color layer being a CrC layer or a CrN layer, the color of the first color layer being different from the color of the second color layer; forming a shielding layer on partially of the second color layer; electrochemical etching the metal substrate, the second color layer not covered with the shielding layer being removed to form a recessed portion, the recessed portion being extend through the second color layer. A coated article for manufactured by the surface treatment method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignees: Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry Co., Ltd., FIH (Hong Kong) Limited
    Inventors: Ting Ding, Da-Hua Cao
  • Patent number: 8956730
    Abstract: An electrically conductive multilayer stack including a first metal oxide layer including titanium oxide, a metal layer on the first metal oxide layer, and a second metal oxide layer including titanium oxide on the metal layer, at least one of the first metal oxide layer and the second metal oxide layer including a first region, a second region on the first region, and a third region on the second region, the first region and the third region each having a higher oxygen concentration than that of the second region is disclosed. Methods of manufacturing an electrically conductive multilayer stack are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Krishna K. Uprety, Alexander Bimanand, Khushroo H. Lakdawala
  • Patent number: 8945707
    Abstract: The surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention is characterized in that a region of 10 ?m in a surface of the base material from point a? to point b? has two to seven cracks with a width of not more than 200 nm, or two to ten pores are present per length of 10 ?m in the surface of the base material from point a? to point b?, where points a? and b? are points defined respectively by lines drawn perpendicularly from points a and b to the surface of the base material where point a is a position located away from an edge ridgeline toward a rake face by distance La and point b is a position located away from the edge ridgeline toward a flank face by distance Lb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Hideaki Kanaoka, Yoshio Okada, Chikako Kojima, Anongsack Paseuth, Erika Iwai, Hiroyuki Morimoto
  • Patent number: 8945250
    Abstract: A cutting tool insert for turning of hardened steels and tool steels includes a textured CVD ?-Al2O3 coated cemented carbide body. The cemented carbide body has 4.0-7.0 wt-% Co and 0.25-0.50 wt-% Cr and an S-value of 0.68-0.88 and a coercivity (Hc) of 28-38 kA/m. The ?-Al2O3 layer has a thickness ranging from 7 to 12 ?m, is composed of columnar grains having a length/width ratio from 2 to 12 and is deposited on an MTCVD Ti(C,N) layer having a thickness from 4 to 12 ?m. The alumina layer is characterised by a pronounced (006) growth texture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Seco Tools AB
    Inventor: Hindrik Engstrom
  • Publication number: 20150030846
    Abstract: To improve the single crystallinity of a stacked film in which a ZrO2 film and a Y2O3 film are stacked or a YSZ film. A crystal film includes a Zr film and a stacked film in which a ZrO2 film and a Y2O3 film formed on the Zr film are stacked, and has a peak half-value width when the stacked film is evaluated by X-ray diffraction being 0.05° to 2.0°.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Takeshi KIJIMA, Yuuji HONDA
  • Publication number: 20150017430
    Abstract: The invention relates to a component (1) having a coating (3) that is metallurgically bonded on as well as thermally sprayed on and re-melted. In order to prevent wear phenomena from continuing to occur when force impacts occur in the component (1) and further surface stress occurs, the invention provides that the coating (3) is provided with a thermal spray layer (4).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: Thermico GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Goetz Matthaeus