Removing Or Using Product Water Patents (Class 429/414)
  • Patent number: 11450868
    Abstract: A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell stack, hydrogen gas system auxiliary devices disposed outside the fuel cell stack, and air system auxiliary devices disposed adjacent to the hydrogen gas system auxiliary devices. The hydrogen gas system auxiliary devices include injectors, upstream side auxiliary devices provided on the upstream side of the injectors in the flow direction of hydrogen gas, and downstream side auxiliary devices provided on the downstream side of the injectors in the flow direction of the hydrogen gas. The upstream side auxiliary devices are disposed at positions farther away from the air system auxiliary devices than the downstream side auxiliary devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2022
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ryoichi Yoshitomi
  • Patent number: 11437634
    Abstract: A fuel cell system that comprises an SOFC that generates power as a result of an oxide gas being supplied to an air electrode and a fuel gas being supplied to a fuel electrode, a plurality of exhaust fuel gas discharge lines that discharge, into the atmosphere, exhaust fuel gas that has been discharged from the fuel electrode, exhaust fuel gas discharge valves that are respectively provided to the plurality of exhaust fuel gas discharge lines, a plurality of exhaust oxide gas discharge lines that discharge, into the atmosphere, exhaust oxide gas that has been discharged from the air electrode, exhaust oxide gas discharge valves that are respectively provided to the plurality of exhaust oxide gas discharge lines, and a control device that, when stopping the SOFC, closes the exhaust oxide gas discharge valves before the exhaust fuel gas discharge valves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2022
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI POWER, LTD.
    Inventors: Hiroki Irie, Takuma Nagai
  • Patent number: 11431000
    Abstract: A fuel cell apparatus is provided to improve air transfer performance in a fuel cell and disperse a load acting on a gas diffusion layer to improve durability. A flat contact portion is secured with respect to the gas diffusion portion to prevent the gas diffusion layer from being damaged and deformed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2022
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Ki Jung Kim
  • Patent number: 11411235
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for detecting and lessening fuel starvation conditions in an operating fuel cell system. The fuel cell systems comprise a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell with a regulating apparatus for regulating the pressure of fuel supplied to the anode inlet of the fuel cell, in which the outlet pressure from the regulating apparatus oscillates during operation. The methods involve monitoring an electrical output of the fuel cell during operation, determining the amplitude of oscillation in the electrical output, and then, if the determined amplitude of oscillation in the electrical output exceeds a predetermined amount thereby indicating a fuel starvation condition, taking a remedial action to lessen the fuel starvation condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2022
    Assignees: Daimler AG, Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Richard Fellows
  • Patent number: 11383691
    Abstract: A fuel cell system comprises a fuel cell stack configured to react hydrogen and oxygen, a hydrogen supply passage for supplying hydrogen, a hydrogen circulation passage for returning anode waste gas discharged from an anode to the hydrogen supply passage, a hydrogen circulation pump, has an inlet and an outlet, and operates to circulate the anode waste gas, a waste gas discharge passage for discharging the anode waste gas, a first discharge valve, a gas-liquid separator, a water discharge passage, a second discharge valve configured to put the water discharge passage into an open or a close state, and a control unit to switch the first discharge valve and the second discharge valve into an open or a close state, and the control unit performs control to deviate a period when the first discharge valve is open and a period when the second discharge valve is open from each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2022
    Assignee: BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Yoshiaki Fukatsu
  • Patent number: 11387478
    Abstract: An elastomeric cell frame for a fuel cell according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes, as a cell frame constituting a unit cell of a fuel cell, an insert including a membrane electrode assembly having an anode formed on one surface of a polymer electrolyte membrane, and having a cathode formed on the other surface thereof, and a pair of gas diffusion layers disposed on both surfaces thereof; and an elastomeric frame disposed to surround the rim of the insert in the outer region of the insert, and formed with a discharge flow field provided in the form of a sheet bonded at the rim of the insert and the interface thereof while being thermally bonded and for discharging generated water generated in the insert along the longitudinal direction at the widthwise edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2022
    Assignees: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, KIA MOTORS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jin Hyeok Yoo, Yoo Chang Yang, Byeong-Heon Jeong
  • Patent number: 11362429
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with a conductive sidewall. An aperture may be formed in the sidewall. The sidewall may have a cavity that extends from the aperture towards the interior of the device. The cavity may be filled with an injection-molded plastic substrate. A dielectric block having a dielectric constant greater than that of the injection-molded plastic substrate and the antenna layers may be embedded in the injection-molded plastic substrate. The dielectric block may at least partially overlap an antenna. The antenna may convey radio-frequency signals at a frequency greater than 10 GHz through the cavity, the dielectric block, the injection-molded plastic substrate, and the aperture. The dielectric block may increase the effective dielectric constant of the cavity, allowing the antenna to cover relatively low frequencies without increasing the size of the aperture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Bhaskara R. Rupakula, Harish Rajagopalan, Hao Xu, Jennifer M. Edwards, Bilgehan Avser, Siwen Yong
  • Patent number: 11362356
    Abstract: A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell, an injection device configured to inject anode gas, an ejector mechanism through which the anode gas injected from the injection device flows, a circulation path configured to return the anode gas, discharged from the fuel cell, to the ejector mechanism, a supply path configured to supply the anode gas, discharged from the fuel cell together with the anode gas injected from the injection device from the ejector mechanism, to the fuel cell, and a controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2022
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Hiromi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 11342575
    Abstract: A fuel cell stack includes a first stack including a plurality of first fuel cells stacked on each other, and a second stack including a plurality of second fuel cells stacked on each other and disposed on one side of the first stack. Each of the first stack and the second stack includes a fuel inlet hole, through which fuel to be supplied to anodes of the respective first and second fuel cells is introduced, a fuel discharge hole, through which the fuel passing through the anodes is discharged, an air inlet hole, through which air to be supplied to cathodes of the respective first and second fuel cells is introduced, and an air discharge hole, through which the air passing through the cathodes is discharged. The fuel cell stack divided into the two stacks increases a charging ratio of hydrogen at the anodes of the respective stacks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2022
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Hyoungsuk Woo, Dongkeun Yang, Jaeyoung Won
  • Patent number: 11335926
    Abstract: A fuel cell humidifier includes a membrane module accommodating a humidifying membrane, a first cap coupled to a first side of the membrane module and supplying a supply air to the humidifying membrane, and a second cap coupled to a second side of the membrane module and discharging a humidified supply air from the humidifying membrane to a cathode of a fuel cell stack. An exhaust gas inlet is coupled to the membrane module and provides an exhaust gas discharged from the stack and an exhaust gas outlet is coupled to the membrane module and discharges a dehumidified exhaust gas, which passes through the membrane module, to an exhaust system. A valve provides selective communication between a first region, where the supply air flows, including the first and second caps and a second region, where the exhaust gas flows, including the exhaust gas inlet and the exhaust gas outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2022
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Jong Sung Kim
  • Patent number: 11335925
    Abstract: Disclosed are a fuel cell system capable of maintaining hydrogen density of the exhaust gas discharged from the fuel cell system at a level below the tolerance limit so that any fears about fire and/or explosion can be dispelled and the safety of the system can be remarkably improved, and a humidifier therefor. The fuel cell system of the present invention comprises a fuel cell stack; and a humidifier configured to (i) humidify an air supplied from outside by means of an off-gas discharged from the fuel cell stack and (ii) supply the humidified air to the fuel cell stack, wherein the off-gas is mixed with at least a portion of the humidified air in the humidifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2022
    Assignees: Kolon Industries, Inc., Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Na Hyeon An, Kyoung Ju Kim, Woong Jeon Ahn, Young Seok Oh, Jin Hyung Lee
  • Patent number: 11322762
    Abstract: A fuel cell system includes first and second fuel cells each generating electric power using fuel gas and oxidant gas, first and second fuel gas supply devices supplying the fuel gas, first and second circulation paths circulating the discharged fuel gas to the first and second fuel cells, a communication path communicated with the first and second circulation paths, an opening/closing device causing the first and second circulation path to be communicated or to be disconnected by opening/closing the communication path, and a controller configured to determine whether there is a possibility of flooding, and when determining that there is the possibility of flooding, suspend power generation of one of the first and second fuel cells while maintaining supply of the fuel gas, and cause the opening/closing device to make the first and second circulation paths be communicated with each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Koichiro Ikeda
  • Patent number: 11322760
    Abstract: A fuel cell system comprises: a gas-liquid separator separating exhaust gas of a fuel cell stack into a liquid component and a gas component and storing liquid water of the liquid component; a circulation pipe; a drain pipe discharging the liquid water; and a drain valve opening and closing the drain pipe. In an end scavenging process that is executed when operation of the fuel cell system is finished, the control unit opens the drain valve when a valve opening condition for the drain valve is satisfied. The valve opening condition is set such that an amount of the liquid water stored in the gas-liquid separator at the time the drain valve is opened in the end scavenging process is larger than an amount of the liquid water stored in the gas-liquid separator at the time the drain valve is opened during normal operation of the fuel cell system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Masashi Toida, Tsuyoshi Maruo, Hiroyuki Tsunekawa
  • Patent number: 11296340
    Abstract: A humidity transfer assembly includes a pressure vessel and a humidity transfer device disposed in the pressure vessel. The humidity transfer device includes an enclosure, a first inlet line fluidly coupled to the enclosure and configured to supply anode exhaust thereto, a first outlet line fluidly coupled to the enclosure and configured to output anode exhaust therefrom, and a second inlet line fluidly coupled to the enclosure and configured to supply feed gas thereto. The humidity transfer device is configured to transfer steam from anode exhaust to feed gas and to output feed gas into the pressure vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2022
    Assignee: FuelCell Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Pinakin Patel, Jonathan Malwitz, Ludwig Lipp, Jesse Roy
  • Patent number: 11289720
    Abstract: The invention relates to a fuel cell (100) comprising an anode chamber (10) for supplying a fuel-containing gas mixture, a cathode chamber (20) for supplying an oxygen-containing gas mixture, and a membrane (30) for transporting fuel ions from the anode chamber (10) into the cathode chamber (20). For this purpose, according to the invention, the membrane (30) has a graduated water permeability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2022
    Assignee: ROBERT BOSCH GMBH
    Inventors: Mark Hellmann, Stefan Schoenbauer
  • Patent number: 11264619
    Abstract: The invention provides a matrix material for the gas diffusion layer of the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, which is composed of three-dimensional porous and strip-shaped hexagonal chambers connected to each other, wherein the six-sided ribs are composed of two metal layers, the inside is metal nickel, and the outside is tungsten-nickel alloy. The total mass of metal per square meter of the material is: 1500˜3000 grams, the mass content of metal nickel in the material is 88˜92%, the mass content of metal tungsten is 8˜12%, and the rest are impurities; the thickness of the matrix material is 0.1˜0.2 mm, specific surface area is (1˜2)×105 m2/m3; longitudinal air permeability ?2000 m/mm/(cm2hmmAq), longitudinal thermal conductivity ?1.7W/(m·k), transverse thermal conductivity ?21W/(m·K). The porous nickel-tungsten metal material of the invention, as the matrix material of the gas diffusion layer, has the advantages of lower electrical resistance and higher strength compared with carbon paper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2021
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2022
    Assignee: NATIONAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER OF ADVANCED ENERGY STORAGE MATERIALS (SHENZHEN) CO., LTD
    Inventors: Faping Zhong, Jinchun Xiao, Jianqi Li, Changping Fu, Xiaobing Huang
  • Patent number: 11258084
    Abstract: A fuel cell system includes: a fuel cell generating electricity when being supplied with anode gas and cathode gas; a supply channel through which the anode gas to be supplied to the fuel cell flows; a discharge channel through which anode-off gas discharged from the fuel cell flows; a discharge valve provided on the discharge channel and opened to discharge the anode-off gas; and a control section controlling opening/closing of the discharge valve. The control section calculates a valve open time of the discharge valve corresponding to a target value of a discharge amount of the anode-off gas by using an aperture ratio of the discharge channel and the target value, and closes the discharge valve based on the valve open time, the aperture ratio of the discharge channel being calculated from a first discharge amount of the anode-off gas, which is discharged by opening of the discharge valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2022
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Yusuke Nishida, Tomotaka Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 11233251
    Abstract: A supply channel through which an oxygen-containing exhaust gas discharged from a fuel cell stack is supplied to an exhaust gas combustor is branched so as to provide an oxygen-containing exhaust gas bypass channel through which the oxygen-containing exhaust gas is discharged to the outside in a manner to bypass the exhaust gas combustor. In the structure, the exhaust gas flow rate of an exhaust gas discharged through a condenser (saturated water vapor quantity) is suppressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2022
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yukihisa Kanao
  • Patent number: 11230156
    Abstract: Disclosed is a cooling and heating system utilized in a vehicle using a fuel cell configured to generate electricity with hydrogen and oxygen supplied thereto as a power supply source, wherein a power supply source apparatus of a conventional hydrogen fuel vehicle is utilized as the cooling and heating system and wherein a heat exchanger necessary in the process of heat-exchanging liquefied hydrogen is utilized as a heating means and cool air generated in the process of cooling high-temperature coolant discharged after cooling the fuel cell through a heat exchanger is utilized as a cooling means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2022
    Inventors: Seo Young Kim, Hong Yeol Yun
  • Patent number: 11196068
    Abstract: A method of operating a fuel cell system includes providing an anode exhaust from a fuel cell stack to a water injector, supplying water to the water injector, and injecting the water from the water injector into the anode exhaust to vaporize the water and generate a humidified anode exhaust.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2020
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2021
    Assignee: BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: David Weingaertner, Ivan Hartana, David Edmonston, Michael Petrucha, Martin Perry
  • Patent number: 11171338
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of manufacturing a membrane electrode assembly with minimized interfacial resistance between an electrode and an electrolyte membrane. For instance, a catalyst admixture including a catalyst composite including a catalyst and a first binder, and a second binder may be applied to a porous substrate and the porous substrate may be impregnated with the second binder, thereby minimizing interfacial resistance between the electrode and the electrolyte membrane and reducing a thickness of the electrolyte membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Su Won Seol, Yong Min Kim
  • Patent number: 11171340
    Abstract: A unit cell for a fuel cell is provided. The unit cell includes an insert including a Membrane-Electrode Assembly having a first pair of electrode layers formed on a first surface of a polymer electrolyte membrane and a second pair of electrode layers formed on a second surface of the polymer electrolyte membrane, an elastomer frame bonded at a rim of the insert in an outer area of the insert, the elastomer frame having a reaction surface through-hole in which the insert is disposed formed therein and having a plurality of frame manifold through-holes, through which a reactant gas can flow or be discharged, formed at both sides of and spaced apart from the reaction surface through-hole, and a pair of separators, each separator disposed on a respective side of the insert and the elastomer frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignees: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, KIA MOTORS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jin Hyeok Yoo, Byeong-Heon Jeong, Seong Il Heo
  • Patent number: 11165079
    Abstract: A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell, a regenerator, an oxidant feed path, a gas discharge path, and a heat exchanger. The fuel cell includes an anode and a cathode and reduces a mediator with the cathode. The regenerator oxidizes, with an oxidant, the mediator reduced by the cathode. Through the oxidant feed path, the oxidant is guided to the regenerator. Through the gas discharge path, the gas present inside the regenerator is guided out of the regenerator. The heat exchanger heats the oxidant by exchanging heat between the oxidant flowing in the oxidant feed path and the gas flowing in the gas discharge path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2021
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Marine Fayolle, Satoru Tamura, Yosuke Kitazawa, Takao Hayashi
  • Patent number: 11165077
    Abstract: A method of measuring a water level in a water trap of a fuel cell system, the method including outputting a detected water level of a capacitive level sensor having a plurality of electrodes in the water trap. The method includes resetting a reference output value of each electrode and determining the water level depending on the speed at which water is introduced while detecting the water level in the water trap depending on an output value measured by the plurality of electrodes. Thereby, the influence of temperature and electrode differences is removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2021
    Assignees: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, KIA MOTORS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hyo Sub Shim, Hak Yoon Kim, Hyeon Seok Ban
  • Patent number: 11152635
    Abstract: According to the invention, a method for parallel condensation and evaporation is provided for a fuel cell system with a condensation/evaporation device. In this case, the condensation-evaporation device (KVV) has a condensation chamber and an evaporation chamber, which are thermally coupled to one another via a heat exchanger so that water vapor contained in the condensation chamber in exhaust gas of a fuel cell stack is condensed into water and in the evaporation chamber a liquid fuel of a two-phase mixture comprising the liquid fuel and a gas phase, are at least partially vaporized to fuel vapor. In this case, the energy required for evaporation is at least partially provided by waste heat from an exhaust gas of a fuel cell stack of a fuel cell and the associated energy withdrawal from the exhaust gas of a fuel cell stack is used for condensation. The present invention is characterized in that the gas phase comprises a carrier gas which is CO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2021
    Assignee: Siqens GmbH
    Inventors: Volker Harbusch, Jürgen Krelle
  • Patent number: 11108065
    Abstract: The disclosed technology is generally directed to fuel cells. In one example of the technology, a fuel cell stack that includes an anode and a cathode causes a load to be driven. A control subsystem is measures at least one characteristic associated with the load, and to provide at least one control signal based, at least in part, on the at least one characteristic. An oxidizing agent input subsystem provides an oxidizing agent to the cathode of the fuel cell stack. A fuel input subsystem provides gaseous fuel to the anode of the fuel cell stack. The fuel input subsystem includes a fuel pump that is arranged to pump the gaseous fuel into the fuel input subsystem. A fuel-side high-speed valve adjusts mass flow of the gaseous fuel to the cathode of the fuel cell stack based on at least a first control signal of the at least one control signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventors: Eric Clarence Peterson, Sean Michael James, Nicholas Andrew Keehn
  • Patent number: 11080066
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a method for starting an embedded apparatus, and an apparatus, and are applied to the field of embedded technologies, so as to improve a start speed of an embedded apparatus. The method is: A development and compilation apparatus divides a program of a system of an embedded apparatus, where the divided program includes a fast start loader and program segments corresponding to different services. In this way, after compilation and linking are performed on the program segments obtained by division to generate a system image file of the embedded apparatus, the embedded apparatus may first load the fast start loader after downloading the image file, then load one or more services in the image file one by one based on service requirements of different services by using the fast start loader, and then run the one or more loaded services.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Lei Liu, Mihu Wang, Jieliang Huang
  • Patent number: 11063273
    Abstract: A fuel cell system includes: a fuel cell; a compressor; a supply adjusting valve adjusting an amount of air to be supplied; a bypass valve adjusting a flow rate of the air passing through the bypass flow passage; a flow rate measuring unit measuring a flow rate of the air; a pressure measuring unit measuring a pressure of the air; an opening control unit outputting an opening control signal for controlling degrees of opening of the supply adjusting valve and the bypass valve; a rotation speed control unit outputting a rotation speed control signal for controlling a rotation speed of the compressor; and a determination unit determining that the bypass valve is stuck open when the flow rate is less than a flow rate threshold value, and determines that pipe disconnection has occurred when the flow rate is equal to or greater than the flow rate threshold value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2021
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yusuke Katayama
  • Patent number: 11018356
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a humidifying and cooling apparatus for a fuel cell, and more particularly, to a humidifying and cooling apparatus for a fuel cell for actively and effectively performing a cooling and a humidification control of supplied air, when high-humidity air is supplied to a fuel cell stack in an air supplying apparatus for a fuel cell for supplying an appropriate humidity to the fuel cell stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2021
    Assignee: Hanon Systems
    Inventor: Kil Sang Jang
  • Patent number: 10991959
    Abstract: A fuel cell stack includes: a cell stacked body in which a plurality of fuel cells are stacked in multiple layers; and an end plate by which the plurality of fuel cells are fastened, the end plate including an open end plate disposed at one end of the cell stacked body and a closed end plate disposed at another end of the cell stacked body, wherein the open end plate includes a gas inlet delivering a reactant gas supplied from an outside of the fuel cell stack to the cell stacked body, a gas outlet discharging the reactant gas having passed through the cell stacked body to the outside of the fuel cell stack, and a bypass channel connecting the gas inlet to the gas outlet to guide condensed water introduced to the gas inlet to the gas outlet, the bypass channel partially curved to allow the condensed water to be collected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignees: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, KIA MOTORS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Sung Ho Lee
  • Patent number: 10991954
    Abstract: Stainless steel with improved hydrophilicity and contact resistance for a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) separator, and a method of manufacturing the stainless steel Stainless steel are disclosed. Stainless steel for a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) separator according to an embodiment of the present disclosure may include: by weight percent, 0 to 0.02% of C (excluding 0), 0 to 0.02% of N (excluding 0), 0 to 0.25% of Si (excluding 0), 0 to 0.2% of Mn (excluding 0), 0 to 0.04% of P (excluding 0), 0 to 0.02% of S (excluding 0), 20 to 34% of Cr, 0 to 0.6% of V (excluding 0), 0 to 0.5% of Ti (excluding 0), 0 to 0.5% of Nb (excluding 0), and the remainder comprising iron (Fe) and other unavoidable impurities, wherein a plurality of patterns may be formed on a surface of the stainless steel in a direction that is inclined with respect to a rolling direction, and the plurality of patterns are arranged repeatedly in the rolling direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventors: Jong Hee Kim, Kwang Min Kim, Jae Hwa Lee, Yang Jin Chung, Ki Hoon Jo, Bo Sung Seo
  • Patent number: 10991958
    Abstract: A gas and water discharge unit for a fuel cell system that can be prevented from freezing even when it is formed using resin material. The unit includes a gas-liquid separator for separating produced water from fuel off-gas discharged from a fuel cell device, a gas and water discharge valve disposed downstream of the gas-liquid separator, and a resin unit body integrally formed with the gas-liquid separator and the gas and water discharge valve, in which the inside of the unit body includes a first channel with a valve seal at an end thereof on the gas and water discharge valve side, the first channel allowing communication between the gas-liquid separator and the gas and water discharge valve, a second channel communicating with the first channel via the gas and water discharge valve, and a heated water channel surrounding at least one of the first or second channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignees: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, AISIN SEIKI KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Takami Hosoi, Hiroaki Nishiumi, Takashi Mishima, Koichi Kashiwagi, Hitoshi Okuno
  • Patent number: 10985390
    Abstract: Provided is a fuel cell system including: a fuel cell; an anode gas supply device; a pressure sensor; a discharge valve; an estimation unit that estimates an anode gas concentration; and a control unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2021
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tetsuya Bono, Toshihiro Egawa, Masahiro Okuyoshi
  • Patent number: 10978724
    Abstract: A method for removing residual water in a fuel cell stack includes: blocking, by an air compressor, air supply to a fuel cell stack upon shutting down of fuel cell; measuring a cell voltage of the fuel cell stack while the air supply is blocked; estimating an amount of residual water in the fuel cell stack based on the measured cell voltage of the fuel cell stack; and removing, by a driving controller, the residual water in the fuel cell stack by driving the air compressor based on the estimated amount of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Chang Seok You, Sung Do Kim, Min Su Kang, Soon Woo Kwon, Dong Hun Lee
  • Patent number: 10957925
    Abstract: First, a reaction gas is supplied to a fuel cell stack including a laminate of solid polymer electrolyte fuel cells and power generation is performed so that a temperature of the fuel cell stack reaches 65° C. or higher (heating power generation step). Next, the reaction gas is supplied to the fuel cell stack and the power generation is performed under a condition in which relative humidity is 100% or more (cleaning power generation step). Cooling water of room temperature may be supplied to the fuel cell stack from the outside before the cleaning power generation step is performed after the heating power generation step is completed, or after the cleaning power generation step is completed (quenching step).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignees: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA CHUO KENKYUSHO, TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Hajime Murata, Kensaku Kodama, Manabu Kato, Toshiaki Kusakari
  • Patent number: 10947382
    Abstract: A copolymer having the structure (I) wherein Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, m, and n are defined herein. The copolymer can be formed by oxidative copolymerization of 2,4,6-trimethyIresorcinoI with a monohydric phenol. Also describes are a composition comprising the copolymer and a solvent, and a composition comprising the copolymer and a thermosetting resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: SHPP GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventors: Kenchaiah Lohith, Gurunath Pozhal Vengu, Shadaksharaswamy Puttamadappa, Gaurav Mediratta
  • Patent number: 10930960
    Abstract: In fuel cell system, exhaust material M exhausted from a fuel cell stack flows through the exhaust pipe. The gas-liquid separator is provided at the exhaust pipe and separates the exhaust material M into gas and liquid. The connecting pipe is connected to an exhaust port of the gas-liquid separator. The pressure regulating valve is connected to the connecting pipe and regulates pressures of the gas such that a pressure of the gas at an upstream side is higher than atmospheric pressure. The guide pipe is connected at the downstream side of the pressure regulating valve and guides at least the gas toward the exhaust pipe. The heat exchange unit exchanges heat between the exhaust pipe and the guide pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Kazutoshi Wakatsuki, Katsuya Komaki
  • Patent number: 10930948
    Abstract: A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell configured to be supplied with an anode gas and a cathode gas and generate electric power, a compressor configured to supply the cathode gas to the fuel cell, a turbine configured to be supplied with a cathode discharged gas discharged from the fuel cell and generate power, an electric motor connected to the compressor and the turbine and configured to perform power running and regeneration, a combustor disposed between the fuel cell and the turbine and configured to mix and combust the cathode gas and the anode gas, a cooler configured to cool the cathode gas that is supplied from the compressor to the fuel cell, a bypass passage configured to supply the cathode gas from an upstream side of the cooler to the combustor by bypassing the cooler and the fuel cell, and a bypass valve disposed in the bypass passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hayato Chikugo, Yousuke Tomita
  • Patent number: 10930957
    Abstract: A method for determining a humidity condition in a fuel cell system includes steps of: detecting an amount of water in a container that receives water discharged from a fuel cell stack, and determining a humidity condition in the fuel cell stack, based on the amount of water detected. As a result, the actual humidity condition in the fuel cell stack may be accurately determined even when humidification performance is degraded over operating time of the fuel cell system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Hyun Jae Lee
  • Patent number: 10923743
    Abstract: A gas supply and discharge system may have a fuel cell arrangement having at least one electrode, a gas-gas heat exchanger for exchanging heat between a first gas to be supplied to the electrode and a second gas discharged or dischargeable from the second electrode, and a humidifier for transferring humidity between the first gas and the second gas. The first gas to be supplied to the electrode can be introduced into the gas-gas heat exchanger before the supply of the first gas to the electrode, and such that the second gas can be introduced into the gas-gas heat exchanger from the electrode in order to transfer heat between the first gas and the second gas in the gas-gas heat exchanger. The first gas and the second gas can be introduced into the humidifier from the gas-gas heat exchanger in order to transfer humidity between the first gas and the second gas in the humidifier. The first gas can be introduced into the fuel cell arrangement from the humidifier and can be supplied to the electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: REINZ-DICHTUNGS-GMBH
    Inventors: Andre Speidel, Rainer Glueck
  • Patent number: 10916788
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and devices of a control system for gas flow. The control system controls gas flow through a fuel cell stack of a vehicle. The control system includes two or more components including one or more actuators and a fuel cell. The control system includes an electronic control unit connected to the two or more components. The control system is configured to determine initial values and previous timestep values. The control system is configured to determine or estimate a total pressure of the gas flow in each of the two or more components based on the initial values and the previous timestep values. The control system is configured to control the one or more actuators based on the total pressure of the gas flow in each of the two or more components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignees: TOYOTA MOTOR ENGINEERING & MANUFACTURING NORTH AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: Shigeki Hasegawa, Daniel Folick, Jared Farnsworth, Motoyuki Kimata
  • Patent number: 10847822
    Abstract: A fuel cell system including a fuel cell; a first combustor coupled to a discharged air side of the fuel cell; a heating device that heats the first combustor; and a warming-up control unit that performs a warming-up control of the fuel cell after warming up the first combustor by the heating device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Susumu Maeshima
  • Patent number: 10840523
    Abstract: An apparatus for discharging a condensate of a fuel cell stack, the apparatus includes a condensate storage container for storing the condensate from the fuel cell stack, a condensate level detector for detecting a condensate level in the condensate storage container, a discharge valve configured to be opened and closed to discharge the condensate from the condensate storage container, and a control unit for setting a condensate discharge level differently according to currents of the fuel cell stack, and for controlling the discharge valve to be opened when a condensate level measured by the condensate level detector reaches the condensate discharge level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignees: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, KIA MOTORS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hyo Sub Shim, Hyun Joon Lee
  • Patent number: 10800530
    Abstract: Disclosed are systems and methods of managing grey water or other recycled water onboard an aircraft based on demand within the aircraft. In some cases, the grey water is obtained from a lavatory or galley sink of the aircraft and is treated to purify and/or filter the grey water. The treated grey water can be routed within the aircraft according to a control scheme that accounts for demand within the aircraft. For example, some or all of the treated water may undergo electrolysis to produce oxygen gas (O2) and hydrogen gas (H2), some or all of which may be fed into the fuel cell system and used in a chemical reaction to produce electrical energy and other fuel cell by-products that can be directed to various aircraft systems and/or the aircraft cabin/lavatories.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: MAG Aerospace Industries, LLC
    Inventor: Razmik B. Boodaghians
  • Patent number: 10797331
    Abstract: A fuel cell system determines whether or not the injector is failed using a determination result, the determination result showing whether or not a fluctuation range determined for power consumed by a hydrogen pump is a predetermined value or less, the fluctuation range being generated by opening and closing of the injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kaori Oya, Masahiro Okuyoshi, Tetsuya Bono
  • Patent number: 10756362
    Abstract: An air shut-off valve apparatus for a fuel cell system is provided. The apparatus includes a valve body having an inlet-side air passage through which supply air flows and an outlet-side air passage through which exhaust air flows. A valve flap is installed in the valve body to open or close the inlet-side air passage and the outlet-side air passage. An inlet-side check valve is opened when pressure of the supply air is greater than or equal to a predetermined pressure, to guide the supply air into the fuel cell stack through the inlet-side air passage even while the valve flap is closed. An outlet-side check valve is opened when pressure of the exhaust air is greater than or equal to a predetermined pressure, to guide the exhaust air released from the fuel cell stack to flow through the outlet-side air passage even while the valve flap is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Byeong Seung Lee, Kyoung Ku Ha, Hyun Yoo Kim, Jeong Hee Park
  • Patent number: 10746090
    Abstract: An aircraft propulsor that includes an exhaust combustor is disclosed. The aircraft propulsor can include an internal combustion engine and a turbocharger. The turbocharger can be spooled while motoring the internal combustion engine. For example, when restarting the internal combustion engine at high altitude, an injector and an igniter can provide fuel to the exhaust and combust fuel to spool the turbocharger, decreasing load on the engine during restarting. In another example, an electric turbocharger can be driven with an electric motor to spool the turbocharger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: THE BOEING COMPANY
    Inventors: William John Bigbee-Hansen, Timothy A. Johnson
  • Patent number: 10741866
    Abstract: A fuel cell assembly with at least one PEM fuel cell for generating electrical energy from reactant gases includes at least one membrane/electrode having a membrane coated with platinum electrodes and, respectively positioned on each side, a porous gas diffusion layer, or having a membrane and, respectively positioned on each side, a porous gas diffusion layer coated with a platinum electrode, and also includes bipolar plates that lie against the gas diffusion layers and through which, during operation, a coolant flows, wherein at least one of the platinum electrodes has a smaller area than the gas diffusion layer, where the gas diffusion layer protrudes beyond the platinum electrode for a part of an edge region of the membrane/electrode unit, so that the formation of an electrochemical potential in this part of the edge region of the membrane/electrode unit is prevented in order to prevent damage to the membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Torsten Brandt, Armin Datz, Albert Hammerschmidt, Silke Latzel, Josef Lersch, Arno Mattejat
  • Patent number: 10707508
    Abstract: A fuel cell system includes a battery, a fuel cell, an air pump, and a processor. The battery stores electric power. The fuel cell supplies electric power to the battery. The air pump is driven with the electric power supplied from the battery to supply air to the fuel cell. The processor, when starting the fuel cell system, is configured to compare an amount of the electric power stored in the battery with a threshold electric power. If the amount of the electric power is higher than or equal to the threshold electric power, the air pump is driven. If the amount of the electric power is lower than the threshold electric power, the air pump is prohibited to drive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Kuniaki Ojima
  • Patent number: 10682522
    Abstract: An implantable device, such as a pacer, defibrillator, or other cardiac rhythm management device, can include one or more MRI Safe components. In an example, the implantable device includes a battery including a first electrode and a second electrode separate from the first electrode. The second electrode includes a first surface and a second surface. The second electrode includes a slot through the second electrode from the first surface toward the second surface. The slot extends from a perimeter of the second electrode to an interior of the second electrode. The slot is configured to at least partially segment a surface area of the second electrode to reduce a radial current loop size in the second electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael J. Lyden, Michael J. Root, Kurt E. Koshiol, Lisa B. Schmalhurst, Yingbo Li, Masoud Ameri