Process Of Preparing Composition From Plural Preformed Concentrates Patents (Class 430/450)
  • Patent number: 7534369
    Abstract: A method of producing a liquid crystal emulsion composition which has a viscosity of 30,000 mPa┬Ěsec or more at a 2-hold dilution and an improved stability, includes admixing a hydrophilic surfactant which is a polyoxyethylene polyoxypropylene alkyl ether having an HLB of 10 to 20 with a hydrophilic surfactant having an HLB of 13 or more which is comprised of a polyoxyethylene fatty acid derivative; admixing the resulting admixture with a mixture of 5 to 10 parts by weight of the thus combined surfactants with 5 to 30 parts by weight of an oil component; admixing the resulting admixture with a mixture of 40 to 80 parts by weight of a water-soluble polyvalent alcohol and 8 to 40 parts by weight of water; and heating, homogeneously mixing and then cooling the thus obtained admixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Inventors: Takashi Suzuki, Kenji Nakamura
  • Publication number: 20090047609
    Abstract: Resist stripping agents useful for fabricating circuits and/or forming electrodes on semiconductor devices for semiconductor integrated circuits and/or liquid crystals with reduced metal and metal alloy etch rates (particularly copper etch rates and TiW etch rates), are provided with methods for their use. The preferred stripping agents contain low concentrations of resorcinol or a resorcinol derivative, with or without an added copper salt, and with or without an added amine to improve solubility of the copper salt. Further provided are integrated circuit devices and electronic interconnect structures prepared according to these methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2007
    Publication date: February 19, 2009
    Inventors: John M. Atkinson, Kimberly Dona Pollard
  • Patent number: 7410752
    Abstract: A method of producing an organic silver salt dispersion, the method comprising: mixing a first aqueous solution including a water-soluble silver ion supplier and a second aqueous solution including an alkali metal salt of an organic acid to form an organic silver salt dispersion; wherein, the mixing is conducted in the presence of at least one compound selected from polyacrylamide and derivatives of polyacrylamide, and at least 10 mass % (in terms of silver quantity) of the organic silver salt in the organic silver salt dispersion is formed by simultaneous addition of the first aqueous solution and the second aqueous solution to an aqueous medium followed by mixing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2008
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Itsuo Fujiwara
  • Patent number: 7384597
    Abstract: An organic silver salt composition used for thermally developable photothermographic material is disclosed, comprising at least two organic acids differing in melting point and their silver salts, wherein a silver salt of a lower-melting organic acid account for 10 to 80 mol % of the silver salts and the lower melting organic acid accounting for 0 to 30 mol % of the acids. A method of manufacturing an organic silver salt compositions also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2008
    Assignee: Konica Minolta Medical & Graphic, Inc.
    Inventors: Satoshi Ito, Kazuhiko Fujikura
  • Patent number: 6927019
    Abstract: A concentrated blix solution composition, which can remarkably reduce the replenishing amount of the blix solution and/or remarkably reduce the blix time, comprises: 1) a concentrated composition part containing a bleaching agent; and 2) a concentrated composition part containing a fixing agent, wherein the part concentrated composition 1) satisfies all the following conditions: (1) pH is from 2.0 to 3.5, (2) a specific gravity is 1.130 or more, (3) the bleaching agent comprises an iron(III) complex salt of an aminopolycarboxylic acid, (4) a concentration of the bleaching agent is from 0.5 to 1.0 mole/L, and (5) a content of an aminopolycarboxylic acid having not been complexed is from 0.1 to 3% by mole based on the bleaching agent, and a processing process using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2005
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazuaki Yoshida
  • Patent number: 6919170
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods useful for processing a color photographic material. A method of manufacturing a ferric 1,3-PDTA complex is provided. The method includes reacting ferrous bromide with unchelated 1,3-PDTA, thereby forming a ferrous 1,3-PDTA complex; and conducting an oxidation process wherein the ferrous 1,3-PDTA complex is converted to the ferric 1,3-PDTA complex. Also provided is a method of processing a silver halide color photographic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: Fuji Hunt Photographic Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: Haixing Wan
  • Patent number: 6852477
    Abstract: A composition for photographic bleaching contains a peracid bleaching agent such as a peroxide, persulfate, or periodate, and a cyclicaminomethanediphosphonic acid or a salt thereof as a stabilizing compound. This bleaching composition can also include a fixing agent, and can be used to provide color photographic images in various color photographic materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2005
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Shirleyanne E. Haye, Janet M. Huston
  • Patent number: 6830878
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a developer comprising a developing agent and a polyalkyleneimine antioxidant being formed by the condensation of a number of alkyleneimine units and having the following formula (I): wherein R1, R2 and R3 independently represent an unsubstituted or substituted alkylene group or R2 may be H; x and y independently represent an integer from 1 to 39,999; the sum of x and y represents an integer from 10 to 40,000; and wherein the amine groups of the antioxidant have been partially oxidized with hydrogen peroxide or a compound capable of generating hydrogen peroxide, prior to the introduction of the developing agent. In a preferred embodiment, the antioxidant has been partially oxidized such that the amount of hydroxylammonium groups formed is less than half the total equivalent of the original amine before the addition of the developing agent. The developer may optionally comprise an alkaline buffer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: John R. Fyson
  • Patent number: 6803179
    Abstract: Concentrated and working strength photographic color developing compositions are stabilized with the inclusion of two specific types of calcium ion sequestering agents. One of the sequestering agents is a polyelectrolyte such as a polycarboxylic acid or salt thereof having a molecular weight of from about 2000 to about 100,000. The other one is a non-polymeric aminocarboxylic acid, polyphosphonic acid, or a salt thereof. The weight ratio of the first calcium ion sequestering agent to the second calcium ion sequestering agent is from about 1:1 to about 20:1. These compositions can be used to process color photographic materials such as color photographic papers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Shirleyanne E. Haye, Janet M. Huston
  • Publication number: 20040180303
    Abstract: A method of processing photographic color papers is carried out using a photographic bleach-fixing composition in a bleach-fixing step that is carried out for less than 60 seconds. The bleach-fixing composition comprises certain aliphatic or aromatic sulfur-containing compounds that include a —N═C(SH)— group. The bleach-fixing composition can be prepared from a two-part bleach-fixing kit having two solutions that can be added directly to a processing chamber or premixed to form a replenisher solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2004
    Publication date: September 16, 2004
    Inventors: Paul A. Schwartz, Valerie L. Kuykendall, Eric R. Schmittou, Leif P. Olson, Susan M. Flavin
  • Publication number: 20040131981
    Abstract: The present invention intends to provide a color developing solution of a silver halide color photographic photosensitive material that can be applied to a variety of photosensitive materials, can improve the workability and can obtain an improved image quality. The above objective can be achieved by using a color developing solution that includes a first processing solution containing a color developing agent having pH larger than 7, and a second processing solution containing an alkali agent, the compound having the pKa in a range of equal to or greater than 9 and equal to or less than 12 in a compound at least one kind of compounds shown in any one of the following general formulae (I), (II) and (III) having pKa equal to 9 or more and equal to 12 or less, and has the pH smaller than 13.5.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2003
    Publication date: July 8, 2004
    Inventor: Hisao Kamo
  • Publication number: 20040121271
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a developer comprising a developing agent and a polyalkyleneimine antioxidant being formed by the condensation of a number of alkyleneimine units and having the following formula (I): 1
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2003
    Publication date: June 24, 2004
    Applicant: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: John R. Fyson
  • Patent number: 6682880
    Abstract: A method for preparing a kit part of a bleach-fixing solution or a kit of a bleaching solution for use in silver halide color photographic materials is disclosed, comprising (a) adding a [S,S]-alkylenediamine-N,N′-disuccinic acid or its salt into a mixing tank to form a solution, and then, (b) adding thereto at least one iron (III) salt selected from the group consisting of iron (III) nitrate, iron (III) chloride, iron (III) bromide, (M1)3Fe(III) (SO4)3 and M1Fe(III) (SO4)2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2004
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventor: Satoru Kuse
  • Publication number: 20030087207
    Abstract: A method for preparing a kit part of a bleach-fixing solution or a kit of a bleaching solution for use in silver halide color photographic materials is disclosed, comprising (a) adding a [S,S]-alkylenediamine-N,N′-disuccinic acid or its salt into a mixing tank to form a solution, and then, (b) adding thereto at least one iron(III) salt selected from the group consisting of iron(III) nitrate, iron(III) chloride, iron(III) bromide, (M1)3Fe(III) (SO4)3 and M1Fe(III) (SO4)2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2002
    Publication date: May 8, 2003
    Applicant: KONICA CORPORATION
    Inventor: Satoru Kuse
  • Publication number: 20030044733
    Abstract: A three-part color developing kit includes (I) a first concentrated aqueous solution having a pH of from about 11 to about 13.5 and comprising at least 0.25 mol/l of sulfite ions, at least 2.5×10−5 mol/l of iodide ions, at least 0.05 mol/l of bromide ions, and at least 0.5 mol/l of a buffer having a pKa of from about 11 to about 13.5, (II) a second concentrated aqueous solution having a pH of from about 3 to about 6 and comprising at least 1 g/l of a vinyl pyrrolidone polymer, and at least 0.05 mol/l of an organic antioxidant, and a third concentrated aqueous solution having a pH of from about 1 to about 3 and comprising at least 0.05 mol/l of a color developing agent, and at least 0.005 mol/l of sulfite ions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2002
    Publication date: March 6, 2003
    Inventors: Shirleyanne E. Haye, Janet M. Huston
  • Patent number: 6520693
    Abstract: A method of providing photoprocessing services utilizes a packaging system in which photoprocessing solutions are distributed from a source of manufacture to a photofinishing site. The packaging system includes a rigid or semi-rigid outer container and at least one internal container. The internal container includes the processing solution, and can be made of a rigid or flexible material. The internal container may be separable from the outer container or may be in the form of an internal compartment that is integral with the outer container. As an option, the outer container can house a further container that is designed to collect waste or spent solution from the photoprocessing site. With the system of the present invention, a designated supplier entity can follow the packaging system through an entire usage cycle of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Lloyd A. Lobo, Jeffrey L. Hall, Robert B. Call, Jay E. Mathewson, Donna M. Timmons
  • Publication number: 20030008139
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a pressure sensitive adhesive sheet for fixing a semiconductor wafer in semiconductor wafer processing in vacuum, comprising a substrate and, superimposed on one side or both sides thereof, a layer of ultraviolet curable pressure sensitive adhesive composition comprising an ultraviolet curable copolymer having ultraviolet polymerizable groups as side chains and a phosphorous photopolymerization initiator. The invention is intended to provide a pressure sensitive adhesive sheet for semiconductor wafer processing which, even in the processing of a semiconductor wafer in vacuum, is free from generating gases from the pressure sensitive adhesive sheet to thereby enable avoiding wafer deformation attributed to evaporated gas components and adhesive transfer caused thereby.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2002
    Publication date: January 9, 2003
    Applicant: LINTEC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Koichi Nagamoto, Kazuyoshi Ebe
  • Publication number: 20020168597
    Abstract: A concentrated black-and-white photographic developing composition has improved stability, is compatible with the environment and provides desired sensitometric properties with a combination of particular antifoggants. These antifoggants include a mercapto-substituted tetrazole and a benzimidazole that has one or more electron withdrawing groups. This concentrated composition can be used as a first “part” and mixed, upon dilution, with a diluted second “part” that is a concentrated composition of a gelatin hardening agent. When mixed together, the two diluted concentrates form a working strength developing composition that can be used to provide black-and-white images in various photographic silver halide materials, and particularly in radiographic films.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2002
    Publication date: November 14, 2002
    Inventors: Alan S. Fitterman, Joan F. Rachel
  • Publication number: 20020150845
    Abstract: Photographic developer replenisher concentrates comprising more reactive developers, like 4(N-ethyl-N-2-hydroxyethyl)-2 -methylphenylenediamine (CD-4) undergo rapid oxidation, and consequently, have shorten shelf-life stabilities. Hydroxylamine type derivatives, while disclosed as being useful as a class of antioxidants for stabilizing photographic developer replenishers, most were found to impart either inadequate shelf-life stability for CD-4 developer, or interfered with “satisfactory developer performance.” Surprisingly, it was discovered the shelf-life stability of replenisher concentrates comprising CD-4 photographic developer could be extended for periods of 2 years or longer, and also provide satisfactory developer performance when the hydroxylamine antioxidant comprises at least N,N-bis(2 -sulfoethyl) hydroxylamine (SEHA) or a salt thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2002
    Publication date: October 17, 2002
    Inventor: Laszlo Papai
  • Patent number: 6436618
    Abstract: A multi-part color developing kit includes at least two parts (or solutions) of photochemical compositions that can be mixed to provide a color developing composition useful for obtaining color photographic images. A first aqueous solution is formulated with a color developing agent in free base form, an antioxidant for the color developing agent, an inorganic base, a triazinylstilbene optical brightening agent, an chemical base and a water-miscible or water-soluble hydroxy-substituted, straight-chain organic solvent. A second aqueous solution is formulated with a buffering agent, the same or different chemical base and a phosphonic acid metal ion sequestering agent. Both solutions have a pH and homogeneity to provide a clear color developing composition that is safer for use and disposal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Jean M. Buongiorne, Charles M. Darmon, Michael J. Haight, Erika S. McLarney, Barry C. Kocher, Sheridan E. Vincent, Charles S. Christ, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6428946
    Abstract: A multi-part color developing kit includes at least two parts (or solutions) of photochemical compositions that can be mixed to provide a color developing composition useful for obtaining color photographic images. A first aqueous solution is formulated with a color developing agent in free base form, an antioxidant for the color developing agent, an inorganic base, a triazinylstilbene optical brightening agent, an chemical base and a water-miscible or water-soluble hydroxy-substituted, straight-chain organic solvent. A second aqueous solution is formulated with a buffering agent, the same or different chemical base and a phosphonic acid metal ion sequestering agent. Both solutions have a pH and homogeneity to provide a clear color developing composition that is safer for use and disposal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Jean M. Buongiorne, Charles M. Darmon, Michael J. Haight, Erika S. McLarney, Barry C. Kocher, Sheridan E. Vincent, Charles S. Christ, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20020072017
    Abstract: A stabilized p-phenylenediamine color developer solution having about 10 to 40 weight percent of a p-phenylenediamine free base color developer, about 40 to 70 weight percent of a hydroxy-containing organic solvent for the p-phenylenediamine free base color developer, and about 1 to 40 weight percent of a preservative for the p-phenylenediamine free base color developer, wherein the weight percentages are based on the total weight of the stabilized solution. Another aspect are processes for making stabilized p-phenylenediamine color developer solutions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2001
    Publication date: June 13, 2002
    Inventor: Phillip Montgomery Hudnall
  • Publication number: 20020072018
    Abstract: A stabilized solution of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salt of N-ethyl-N-2-(methanesulfonylaminoethyl)-2-methyl-p-phenylenediamine includes from about 10 to 40 weight percent of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salt of N-ethyl-N-2-(methane sulfonylaminoethyl)-2-methyl-p-phenylene-diamine; from about 30 to 70 weight percent of at least one photographically inactive water-miscible or water-soluble hydroxy-containing, organic solvent of the alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salt of N-ethyl-N-2-(methane sulfonylaminoethyl)-2-methyl-p-phenylene-diamine; from about 5 to 40 weight percent water; and from about 1 to 40 weight percent of a preservative for the alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salt of N-ethyl-N-2-(methane sulfonylaminoethyl)-2-methyl-p-phenylene-diamine, wherein the weight percentages are based on the total weight of the stabilized solution. Another aspect of the invention are processes for making stabilized p-phenylenediamine color developer solutions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2001
    Publication date: June 13, 2002
    Inventor: Phillip Montgomery Hudnall
  • Patent number: 6391530
    Abstract: A replenisher composition developing exposed radiation-sensitive printing plate precursors for plate/developer systems in which the electrical conductivity of the developer does not decrease to the same extend as the activity of the developer decreases or even increases is disclosed. A method for developing exposed radiation-sensitive printing plates using the replenisher composition is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Assignee: Kodak Polychrome Graphics, LLC
    Inventors: Hans-Joachim Timpe, Ulrich Fiebag
  • Patent number: 6312878
    Abstract: This invention concerns a kit for the development of color photographic products. The kit comprises a basic solution containing an antifogging agent, and a second solution containing a color developing agent. This kit allows an easier preparation of the developer and of replenishment solutions of the developer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2001
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Francoise M. Thomas
  • Patent number: 6312877
    Abstract: A homogeneous, ready to use, single-part color developing concentrate comprises a color developing agent in free base form, an antioxidant for the color developing agent, a buffering agent, and a water-miscible or water-soluble hydroxy-substituted, straight-chain organic solvent present in an a concentration such that the weight ratio of water to the organic solvent is from about 15:85 to about 50:50. In addition the concentrate includes a mixture of a specific polyaminopolyphosphonic acid and either a hydroxyalkylidene-diphosphonic acid or morpholinomethanediphosphonic acid (or salt thereof) for stability in the presence of calcium ions. This concentrate is prepared by mixing the components in a unique order for improved safety and manufacturability. It can be used to make a working strength processing solution, or it can be used as a replenishing composition with proper dilution to provide color images in photographic silver halide materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2001
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Jean M. Buongiorne, Michael J. Haight
  • Publication number: 20010026909
    Abstract: A multi-part color developing kit includes at least two parts (or solutions) of photochemical compositions that can be mixed to provide a color developing composition useful for obtaining color photographic images. A first aqueous solution is formulated with a color developing agent in free base form, an antioxidant for the color developing agent, an inorganic base, a triazinylstilbene optical brightening agent, an chemical base and a water-miscible or water-soluble hydroxy-substituted, straight-chain organic solvent. A second aqueous solution is formulated with a buffering agent, the same or different chemical base and a phosphonic acid metal ion sequestering agent. Both solutions have a pH and homogeneity to provide a clear color developing composition that is safer for use and disposal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2001
    Publication date: October 4, 2001
    Inventors: Jean M. Buongiorne, Charles M. Darmon, Michael J. Haight, Erika S. McLarney, Barry C. Kocher, Sheridan E. Vincent, Charles S. Christ
  • Publication number: 20010026910
    Abstract: A multi-part color developing kit includes at least two parts (or solutions) of photochemical compositions that can be mixed to provide a color developing composition useful for obtaining color photographic images. A first aqueous solution is formulated with a color developing agent in free base form, an antioxidant for the color developing agent, an inorganic base, a triazinylstilbene optical brightening agent, an chemical base and a water-miscible or water-soluble hydroxy-substituted, straight-chain organic solvent. A second aqueous solution is formulated with a buffering agent, the same or different chemical base and a phosphonic acid metal ion sequestering agent. Both solutions have a pH and homogeneity to provide a clear color developing composition that is safer for use and disposal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2001
    Publication date: October 4, 2001
    Inventors: Jean M. Buongiorne, Charles M. Darmon, Michael J. Haight, Erika S. McLarney, Barry C. Kocher, Sheridan E. Vincent, Charles S. Christ
  • Patent number: 6197484
    Abstract: A homogeneous, single part slurry-form color photographic developer composition for use in color photographic processing is provided which comprises a defined compound of Formula (1) and, a p-phenylenediamine derivative, and contains a discontinuous solid phase distributed in a single liquid phase. The slurry is used by being completely dissolved in water, and diluted to make a working tank developer or developer replenisher solution, typically with a pH of about 10.4 or less for the working tank and 12.0 or less for the replenisher. The slurry is compact, homogeneous, easy to dispense, has excellent water solubility, and remains free of degradation during long-term storage. A process for developing photographic color silver halide photosensitive material with the slurry is also provided, as well as a process for making the slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2001
    Assignee: Fuji Hunt Photographic Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Hongzoon Kim, Hailing Duan, Mani Philipose
  • Patent number: 6077651
    Abstract: An aqueous, homogeneous, single-part color developing concentrate comprises a color developing agent in free base form, an antioxidant for the color developing agent, a buffering agent, and a water-miscible or water-soluble hydroxy-substituted, straight-chain organic solvent present in an a concentration such that the weight ratio of water to the organic solvent is from about 15:85 to about 50:50. This composition is prepared in a unique manner, namely by combining the noted components, and removing the sulfate anions commonly present in color developing agents by precipitation with alkali metal ions, before addition of further components. The concentrate can be used to make a working strength processing solution, or it can be used as a replenishing composition with proper dilution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2000
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Charles M. Darmon, Jean M. Buongiorne, Michael J. Haight, Paul A. Schwartz
  • Patent number: 6033834
    Abstract: A method of preparing a bleaching solution for a photographic element comprising combining a photographic bleach starter comprising sodium acetate, potassium acetate or ammonium acetate with a photographic solution having bleaching ability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: David George Foster
  • Patent number: 5976774
    Abstract: A method for preparing a solid processing composition in the form of granules for a silver halide black-and-white photographic material is disclosed, comprising the steps of:(i) mixing powdery photographic processing chemicals,(ii) granulating a mixture of the processing chemicals while stirring to form granules, and(iii) drying the granules,wherein in step (ii), granulation is carried out with the addition of water in an amount of 4 to 6% by weight, based on the processing chemicals; said granules having a bulk density of not less than 1.1 g/cm.sup.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1999
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventor: Shinji Uchihiro
  • Patent number: 5972582
    Abstract: A powdered, uniformly-mixed photographic processing composition is prepared with intense mixing of dry photoprocessing chemical components, and by forming uniformly sized agglomerates of the mixed powder. During agglomeration, a hot melt binder polymer is applied in a controlled manner to enable the uniformly-mixed powder particles to stick together with little residue in the final composition. With this process, the mixed powder and agglomerates each have the desired uniformity in size and chemical composition. The resulting dry composition is highly stable, dissolvable and substantially free of dust.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: William J. Gamble, Walter T. Gurney, Franklin C. Brayer
  • Patent number: 5955248
    Abstract: Concentrated and working strength photographic fixing compositions include a photographic fixing agent, a triazinylstilbene compound, and a water-soluble stabilizing compound that has a molecular weight of less than 200, from 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and at least two amino or hydroxy functional groups. The triazinylstilbene is provided in a concentrated fixer additive composition in a mixture with the stabilizing compound. The fixing compositions also include predominantly ammonium ions, and can be used to provide images in color photographic materials, and particularly in color reversal films, with reduced residual sensitizing dye stain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Mary E. Craver, Jean M. Buongiorne
  • Patent number: 5948604
    Abstract: A processing kit for color reversal photographic elements includes several concentrate compositions that can be used to prepare the necessary working strength processing solutions. Each concentrate composition is packaged in a volume that is designed for dilution to the same predetermined working strength solution volume for a single use in color reversal processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Mary E. Craver, Jean M. Buongiorne, Michael J. Haight
  • Patent number: 5945265
    Abstract: A powdered, uniformly mixed photographic developing composition is prepared with intense mixing of dry photoprocessing chemical components, one of which is a photographic developing agent, and by forming uniformly sized agglomerates of the mixed powder. During agglomeration, a solution of a binder material is applied in a controlled manner to enable the mixed powder particles to stick together but without leaving much residue in the final composition. With this process, the mixed powder and agglomerates each have desired uniformity in size and chemical composition. The resulting dry uniformly mixed developer composition is highly stable, dissolvable and substantially free of dust. An antioxidant is also applied to the dry uniform mixture during agglomeration to reduce the loss of developing agent activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Walter T. Gurney, Franklin C. Brayer, William J. Gamble
  • Patent number: 5922521
    Abstract: A powdered, uniformly mixed photographic processing composition is prepared with intense mixing of dry photoprocessing chemical components, and by forming uniformly sized agglomerates of the mixed powder. During agglomeration, a solution of a binder material is applied in a controlled manner to enable the mixed powder particles to stick together but without leaving much residue in the final composition. With this process, the mixed powder and agglomerates each have desired uniformity in size and chemical composition. The resulting dry uniformly mixed composition is highly stable, dissolvable and substantially free of dust.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Franklin C. Brayer, William J. Gamble, Walter T. Gurney
  • Patent number: 5900355
    Abstract: A powdered, uniformly-mixed photographic processing composition is prepared with intense mixing of dry photoprocessing chemical components, and by forming uniformly sized agglomerates of the mixed powder. During agglomeration, a hot melt binder polymer is applied in a controlled manner to enable the uniformly-mixed powder particles to stick together with little residue in the final composition. With this process, the mixed powder and agglomerates each have the desired uniformity in size and chemical composition. The resulting dry composition is highly stable, dissolvable and substantially free of dust.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: William J. Gamble, Walter T. Gurney, Franklin C. Brayer
  • Patent number: 5780211
    Abstract: Disclosed is a photographic processing composition in the tablet form which comprises a first and a second ingredients, said composition being prepared by a first granulating a first powder comprising said first ingredient to form first granules, a second granulating a second powder comprising said second ingredient to form second granules, mixing said first and second granules, and compressing said mixture of granules. The tables have an apparent density of 1.0 to 2.5 g/cm.sup.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshimasa Komatsu, Shigeharu Koboshi, Masao Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 5750321
    Abstract: A process for buffering concentrated aqueous slurries comprising the steps of:providing a particulate solid substance comprising a weak acid functional group, having effective pK.sub.a1 >1 and less than 1% by weight aqueous solubility at pH=pK.sub.a1 ;providing an aqueous solution consisting essentially of water or a mixture of water with water-miscible solvent, at pH less than the greater of 7 and pK.sub.a1 +2;providing a buffering salt of a weak acid, where the weak acid associated with this buffering salt has pK.sub.a2 and wherepK.sub.a1 -2.ltoreq.pK.sub.a2 ; andcombining said aqueous solution, said particulate solid substance, and said buffering salt to form a slurry;wherein said process is essentially devoid of any step comprising the addition of any weak acid, other than that arising from reaction between said buffering salt and said particulate solid substance, having greater than 2% by weight aqueous solubility at pH=pK.sub.a1 is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1998
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: John Texter, Ravi Sharma, David Alan Czekai
  • Patent number: 5731135
    Abstract: An aqueous redox amplifier solution having a pH in the range 10.0 to 13.5 comprises:a color developing agent and/or auxiliary developing agent, hydrogen peroxide or a compound that provides hydrogen peroxide in a concentration equivalent to 0.1 to 50.0 ml/l of 30% w/w solution, anda borate or other complexing compound capable of reversibly forming a complex with hydrogen peroxide, the complexing compound being in a concentration of from 1.0 to 100.0 g/l, andwherein the relative amounts of complexing compound and hydrogen peroxide are such as to provide an amount of hydrogen peroxide effective for redox amplification and buffer the hydrogen peroxide and thereby reduce the decline in the rate of redox amplification. This solution is useful for processing color photographic elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1998
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Peter Jeffery Twist, Christopher John Winscom
  • Patent number: 5714307
    Abstract: A silver halide photographic material comprises a support, at least one silver halide emulsion layer and at least one non-light-sensitive hydrophilic colloidal layer. The silver halide emulsion layer or the hydrophilic colloidal layer contains a colorant having the absorption maximum wavelength within the infrared region of 700 to 1,100 nm. The colorant is in the form of solid particles dispersed in the silver halide emulsion layer or in the hydrophilic colloidal layer. The solid particles cannot substantially be removed by a processing solution of the silver halide photographic material. An image forming process employing the silver halide photographic material is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1998
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toru Harada, Keiichi Suzuki, Shigeru Ohno, Koji Wariishi, Yoshiharu Yabuki
  • Patent number: 5609998
    Abstract: A process for dispersing a particulate solid substance in a continuos aqueous phase comprising the steps of:providing a comminution reactor;providing a particulate solid substance comprising a weak acid functional group, having effective pK.sub.a1 >1 and less than 1% by weight aqueous solubility at pH=pK.sub.a1 ;providing an aqueous solution consisting essentially of water or a mixture of water with water-miscible solvent, at pH less than the greater of 7 and pK.sub.a1 +2;providing a buffering salt of a weak acid, where the weak acid associated with this buffering salt has pK.sub.a2 and wherepK.sub.a1 -2.ltoreq.pK.sub.a2 ;providing milling media;combining said particulate solid substance, said aqueous solution, said buffering salt, and said milling media in said comminution reactor to produce a multiphase mixture; andmilling said mixture to produce a reduced particle size slurry of said particulate solid substance is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1997
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: John Texter, Ravi Sharma, David A. Czekai
  • Patent number: 5573896
    Abstract: A method of processing an imagewise exposed silver halide photographic element comprising developing and desilvering the photographic element in a low volume thin tank processor wherein the processor operates at 15% or less of maximum production capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Jerel R. Carli, David G. Foster, Edgar P. Gates, David L. Patton, John H. Rosenburgh, Sheridan E. Vincent
  • Patent number: 5565308
    Abstract: A method of processing an imagewise exposed black and white silver halide photographic element comprising developing and desilvering the photographic element in a low volume thin tank processor wherein the processor operates at 15% or less of maximum production capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Jerel R. Carli, David G. Foster, Edgar P. Gates, David L. Patton, John H. Rosenburgh, Sheridan E. Vincent
  • Patent number: 5552264
    Abstract: A conditioning or bleach accelerating solution can be used to process color photographic films, especially color reversal films, to minimize magenta dye fade while reducing the needed amount of formaldehyde stabilizer. This solution is provided in highly concentrated form and diluted up to 9:1 prior to or during use. The concentrate contains a formaldehyde precursor at 200 to 450 g/l, a sulfite at from 40 to 100 g/l, a bleach accelerating agent at 1.5 to 13.5, and a metal ion chelating agent at 5 to 45 g/l.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1996
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Ann M. Cullinan, Charles M. Darmon, Rosa P. Sauter, Charles F. Leith
  • Patent number: 5508777
    Abstract: A photosensitive material processing apparatus for processing a photosensitive material such as a photographic film and a photographic print in use with a solid processing agent. The apparatus includes: a processing tank for processing the photosensitive material; a processing agent accommodating chamber for accommodating the solid processing agent; a pump for circulating a processing solution between the processing tank and the processing agent accommodating chamber; and a processing agent supply for supplying the solid processing agent to the processing agent accommodating chamber. The processing agent accommodating chamber includes a processing agent dissolving member which further includes a processing agent support member for supporting the solid processing agent. A sectional area of the processing agent support member is increased as it comes to a lower portion of the processing agent supporting member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1996
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Wataru Isokawa, Kenji Yamanouchi, Noriyoshi Suzuki, Toshihiko Watanabe
  • Patent number: 5480768
    Abstract: A method for processing an exposed silver halide photographic light-sensitive material is provided, comprisingdeveloping the photographic material with a developer,fixing the photographic material with a fixer,stabilizing the photographic material with a stabilizer, andreplenishing at least one of the developer, the fixer and the stabilizer by supplying a processing composition,wherein the processing composition is a solid composition, meeting the following requirement,2.ltoreq.S/R.ltoreq.70wherein S is a dissolving time (in minutes) of a unit by weight of the solid composition supplied and R is an amount (in m.sup.2) of the photographic material processed per unit weight of the solid composition supplied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1996
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Kenji Ishida, Shigeharu Koboshi
  • Patent number: 5460926
    Abstract: A method for developing light-sensitive silver halide photographic materials, in a compact automatic developing machine, comprising transporting the light-sensitive silver halide photographic materials to a processing tank which contains a processing solution for processing an exposed light-sensitive silver halide photographic material. The processing tank includes a processing portion, and a receiving portion for receiving a solid processing agent. A solid processing agent is supplied to the receiving portion of the processing tank based on information on the amount of processing of the light-sensitive silver halide photographic materials. The solid processing agent is preferably in the form of tablets which contain all components necessary to process the light-sensitive silver halide photographic material. The processing solution is circulated between the processing portion and the receiving portion at a flow rate of not less than 0.5 times the processing tank volume per minute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1995
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshimasa Komatsu, Shigeharu Koboshi, Masao Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 5459545
    Abstract: In a method of processing a photosensitive material in a processing solution, a solid component and water are fed separately. A working solution is prepared by dissolving the solid component in the water. Thereafter; the photosensitive material is processed by being brought in contact with the working solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1995
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshifumi Tsubaki, Kunio Kanai, Hiromi Yanatori