Abstract: A photo-conductor layer for constituting a radiation imaging panel, which photo-conductor layer is capable of recording radiation image information as an electrostatic latent image, is produced. The photo-conductor layer contains a Bi12MO20 sintered material, in which M represents at least one kind of element selected from the group consisting of Ge, Si, and Ti. Sintering processing for the formation of the Bi12MO20 sintered material is performed in an inert gas, atmosphere. Alternatively, the sintering processing is performed at a sintering temperature falling within the range of 800° C. to 900° C. and in an atmosphere, in which an oxygen partial pressure PO2 (Pa) satisfies the condition 10?3?PO2?10?1.
Abstract: A composition utilized in and a method for forming an electrode used in field emission type of display devices said composition is a photosensitive copper conductive composition comprising: a mixture of (a) copper powder at least 70 wt % out of 100 wt % copper powders having a particle size in the range of 0.2-3 ?m and (b) an inorganic binder with a softening point in the range of 380-580° C. in an amount of 140 wt % based on 100 wt % copper powders, said mixture being dispersed in an organic vehicle comprising (c) an organic polymer binder, (d) a phototoinitiator, (e) a photohardenable monomer, and an organic solvent; and the photosensitive copper conductive composition being fireable at a temperature in the range of 450-600° C. in a reductive atmosphere.
Abstract: A photosensitive composition and a color paste for making the photosensitive composition. The photosensitive resin composition comprises a photosensitive resin system; a pigment; a photo-reactive amphipathic molecule; and a solvent. The color paste for making the photosensitive composition comprises the pigment and the photo-reactive amphipathic molecule.
November 30, 2004
Date of Patent:
October 23, 2007
Industrial Technology Research Institute
Abstract: Disclosed are dry and liquid developers suitable for the development of electrostatic latent images. The developers contain a colorant selected from the group consisting of: (a) those of Formula I ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is an electron withdrawing group, R.sub.2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl, substituted aryl, arylalkyl, and substituted arylalkyl, R.sub.3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl, substituted aryl, arylalkyl, and substituted arylalkyl, and Ar is selected from the group consisting of aryl, substituted aryl, arylalkyl, and substituted arylalkyl; (b) those of Formula II ##STR2## wherein R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl, substituted aryl, arylalkyl, and substituted arylalkyl, R.sub.
Abstract: A photoconductive toner of the present invention contains a resin binder, zinc oxide, and a dye for sensitization of the zinc oxide, the sensitizer dye being represented by the following formula (1): ##STR1## wherein, X.sup.1 to X.sup.8 represent hydrogen or methoxy groups with a proviso that at least one of X.sup.1 to X.sup.8 represents a methoxy group, R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are independently alkyl groups or derivatives thereof, and n is an integer. A photoconductive toner of the present invention satisfies requirements for both sensitivity and coloration, and, moreover, possesses high photosensitivity in the laser wavelength region as compared with conventional toners.
Abstract: The photoconductive range of a photoconductive polymer can be extended to include longer wavelengths, and/or the photo-induced discharge rate of a photoconductive polymer can be increased by incorporating effective amounts of clusters of IIB-VIB, IIB-VB, IIIB-VB, IIIB-VIB, IB-VIB and/or IVB-VIIB semiconductors, said clusters having a size within the range of from about 0.001 .mu.m to 10 .mu.m. Compositions comprising a photoconductive polymer and an effective amount of said clusters may be used in electrostatic imaging processes.
Abstract: An image recording apparatus uses coloring photosensitive toner for a full-color copying which is in the form of a microcapsule having a shell, a photosensitive resin and a chromogenic material both encapsulated in the shell, and a developer material coated on the outer surface of the shell. To increase the monochromatic copying speed, the apparatus further uses a monochromatic toner. When a user's switch is depressed, a driver unit selects either one of the full-color and monochromatic color copying mode. When the monochromatic image is to be copied, a pressure developing unit which is used for pressure developing a color latent image is retracted, so that a recording medium on which a monochromatic toner image is deposited is free from the pressure imparted by the pressure developing unit and the pressure developing unit is not smeared with the monochromatic toner powders.
Abstract: According to the present invention, the incorporation of polymeric-magnetic coordination complex powder in a photoconductive toner effects the production of toners excellent in dispersibility, heat stability, toner film formability and color reproducibility.
Abstract: A method for making a photoconductive powder which comprises the steps of preparing fine particles of metal oxide or metal hydroxide by hydrolyzing a metal alkoxide or metal acetylacetonate; and immersing the fine particles into pigment containing suspensions to provide three types of composite particles. Each of the suspensions contains a respective pigment having a spectral absorption band within the wavelength region of a one of the primary colors of the additive principle. Each type of the resultant composite particles is composed of the fine particles of the metal oxide or metal hydroxide and the associated pigment as a principal component.
Abstract: Disclosed in an image-forming process which comprises arranging two electrode surfaces, at least one having a curvature face and at least the other being transparent, to confront each other, forming a layer of a photosensitive toner on one of the electrode surfaces, applying a bias voltage so that the polarity of the toner layer-supporting electrode surface is the same as the polarity of charges on the toner and the polarity of the confronting electrode surface is reverse to the polarity of charges on the toner, irradiating the toner layer with light at a part where both the electrode surfaces are contacted with each other through the photosensitive toner layer, and transferring the unexposed toner toward the confronting electrode surface.
Abstract: A photoconductive image forming method in a which charged toner contacts a transparent insulating substrate and is exposed from within the substrate. Exposure reduces the resistivity of the toner so that its charge can be reversed by a bias voltage and the exposed toner will adhere to the image forming substrate simultaneously with exposure and then transfer to a transfer medium. In an alternative embodiment of the invention, a layer of toner is applied to an electroconductive substrate and the toner layer is exposed with a latent image. The charge of the exposed toner is reversed and the exposed toner is removed by an intermediate toner removal device. The remaining toner is then transferred to a transfer medium. Toner suitable for use includes azo-type metal containing black dyes which do not absorb the exposure and can be sensitized to the near infrared region.
Abstract: An image forming method wherein a latent image is formed by subjecting an image retainer having a photoconductive layer to a image exposure, a toner image is formed by developing the latent image with a toner, each the step of forming the latent image and the step of forming the toner image are repeated at least one time, and a plurality of toner images formed on the image retainer to a transfer material. At least one of the toner images is formed with a toner which has a spectral transmissivity as to substantially absorb a visible light but transmit a light having a wavelength of 750 nm or more. The latent image is formed by subjecting the image retainer bearing the toner image to an image exposure with a light containing a wavelength component of 750 nm or more.
Abstract: Disclosed is a photoconductive toner comprising as a main component a photoconductive substance dissolved or dispersed in a binder resin medium, wherein when the photoconductive substance is a p-type semiconductor, it is combined with a binder resin having a positive tribochargeability and when the photoconductive substance is an n-type semiconductor, it is combined with a binder resin having a negative tribochargeability.
Abstract: A method for forming microcapsules by enwrapping an oily core material in a formaldehyde condensation product formed in situ wherein methylated polygalacturonic acid is used as an emulsion stabilizer; the method is particularly useful in forming photosensitive microcapsules in that uniform small microcapsule size is obtained.
Abstract: A developing process for two-colored electrophotography comprising: (1) charging the surface of a photoreceptor having a conductive substrate and two photosensitive layers successively formed on the conductive substrate, said photosensitive layers having different spectral sensitivities, (2) charging the surface of said photoreceptor with a different polarity from the charging polarity in step (1), (3) exposing a two-colored original to form electrostatic latent images, which have different polarities corresponding to the two-colored original, on the surface of said photoreceptor, (4) transferring a first color toner charged with a different polarity from the charging polarity of one of the electrostatic latent images on said electrostatic latent image to develop said electrostatic latent image iwth the first color toner, (5) exposing the surface of said photoreceptor to eliminate electric charges with the same polarity as the first color toner which are induced on the surface of said photoreceptor in the vic
Abstract: A method for forming a color image includes a step of spraying three kinds of photoconductive toners with a sensitization wavelength band different from its absorption wavelength band, a step of electrically charging these different toners, a step of exposing these sprayed and electrically charged photoconductive toners to light for selectively removing electrostatic charges, and a step of removing the toners freed of electrostatic charges from the substrate. The magenta color photoconductive toners sensitive to red light, yellow color photoconductive toners sensitive to green light, and the cyan color photoconductive toners sensitive to blue light, are used as aforementioned three kinds of photoconductive colors.
Abstract: A recording method of forming a picture image directly on a recording sheet by a magnetic brushing process using a dry developing powder on the basis of an input picture signal not by forming an optical image directly on the recording sheet surface.
Abstract: An improved photoelectrophorectic imaging process which comprises placing a suspension of double encapsulated electrically photosensitive particles in an electric field between a pair of surfaces, exposing the suspension to a pattern of electrogmagnetic radiation and separating the surfaces whereby the exposed portion of the suspension adheres to one surface and the unexposed portion adheres to the other surface. The imaging particles are comprised of a first resin which encapsulates a colorant for the particle and second resin which encapsulates the first resin and contains the electrically photosensitive material.
Abstract: An imaging method, and novel materials, in which there is provided an imaging mono-layer comprising a plurality of electrically photosensitive particles which comprise a resin carrier, a colorant dye, an electrically photosensitive organic material, a sensitizing dye, and a solubilizing agent for the sensitizing dye in the organic material. The imaging mono-layer is subjected to an electric field, exposed to a pattern of sensitizing electromagnetic radiation, separation of the photosensitized particles from the unsensitized particles, and color-amplification of the desired image by imbibing the colorant dye into a suitable substrate.
Abstract: Photosensitive element for electrophotography which comprises(a) a photosensitive layer composed of (1) a binder resin and (2) particles of photoconductive material being dispersed in said binder resin and each particle comprising a photoconductive zinc oxide particle having been encapsulated over its surface with an encapsulating resinous material;(b) an electroconductive support for said photosensitive layer; and(c) an intermediate layer being located between said photosensitive layer and said support, and composed of a water-soluble polymer.The water-soluble polymer preferably is a casein, and a sensitizing agent preferably is adsorbed by the surface of the zinc oxide particle and or included in the encapsulating resinous layer.