Radiation Sensitive Composition Or Product Containing Specified Antioxidant Patents (Class 430/970)
  • Patent number: 8304151
    Abstract: The presently disclosed embodiments relate in general to electrophotographic imaging members, such as layered photoreceptor structures, and processes for making and using the same. More particularly, the embodiments pertain to the incorporation of an ozone quenching compound into the charge transport layer to quench the corona effluents and protect the polycarbonate binder of the charge transport layer from being attacked by ozone species, thereby enhancing wear resistance and fatigue cracking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Robert C. U. Yu, Stephen T. Avery, Jimmy E. Kelly
  • Patent number: 8206881
    Abstract: There provides an electrophotographic photoreceptor using a novel amine compound which has an excellent effect of ozone resistance and can be used for providing an electrophotographic photoreceptor having no adverse effect on other characteristics, and an image forming apparatus including the photoreceptor. The aim is attained by an electrophotographic photoreceptor formed by stacking a single layer type photosensitive layer containing a charge generating material and a charge transporting material, or a layered photosensitive layer, in which a charge generation layer containing a charge generating material and a charge transporting layer containing a charge transporting material are stacked in this order, on a conductive substrate made of a conductive material, wherein the single layer type photosensitive layer or the charge transporting layer of the layered photosensitive layer contains a specific amine compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Takatsugu Obata, Akihiro Kondoh
  • Patent number: 8192905
    Abstract: An electrophotographic photoconductor contains a photosensitive layer and a conductive substrate, wherein the photosensitive layer is disposed on the conductive substrate, and the photosensitive layer is a single layer containing a charge generating material, an electron transporting material expressed by the General Formula (1) and a hole transporting material expressed by the General Formula (2):
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Keisuke Shimoyama, Eiji Kurimoto, Shinichi Kawamura
  • Patent number: 8178266
    Abstract: An electrophotographic photoreceptor is provided that contains a conductive substrate, an undercoat layer, a charge generation layer, and a charge transport layer, wherein the under coat layer contains a binder resin and multiple inorganic pigments each having different average primary particle diameters in a total amount of from 75 to 86% by weight, the charge generation layer contains a binder resin and a titanyl phthalocyanine pigment having a specific X-ray diffraction spectrum in an amount of from 70 to 85% by weight, the charge transport layer comprises a specific distyryl compound, and the following formulae (2-1) to (2-3) are satisfied: 0.2?(D(F2)/D(G))?0.5??(2-1) 0.2?D(F1)??(2-2) D(F2)?D(F1)??(2-3) wherein D(F1) (?m) and D(F2) (?m) represent average primary particle diameters of the largest and smallest inorganic pigments, respectively, and D(G) (?m) represents an average primary particle diameter of the titanyl phthalocyanine pigment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiromi Tada, Nozomu Tamoto, Tomoyuki Shimada, Takafumi Iwamoto
  • Patent number: 8007971
    Abstract: A photoconductor that includes, for example, a supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and a tris(enylaryl)amine containing charge transport layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Jin Wu
  • Patent number: 7981580
    Abstract: A photoconductor that includes, for example, a supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and a charge transport layer that includes a charge transport component, and a mixture of a bis(enylaryl)arylamine and a tris(enylaryl)amine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Jin Wu
  • Patent number: 7968263
    Abstract: A photoconductor that includes, for example, a supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component, and wherein the photogenerating layer contains an amine phosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Jin Wu
  • Patent number: 7960079
    Abstract: A photoconductor that includes, for example, a supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component, and wherein at least one of the photogenerating layer and charge transport layer contains a phenazine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Jin Wu
  • Patent number: 7923185
    Abstract: A photoconductor that includes, for example, a supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component, and wherein the charge transport layer contains a pyrazine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Terry L Street, Terry L Bluhm, Kent J Evans, Edward F Grabowski, Susan M Vandusen, Min-Hong Fu, Kathleen M Carmichael
  • Patent number: 7897310
    Abstract: A photoconductor that includes, for example, a supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component, and wherein the at least one charge transport layer contains at least one phosphine oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Assignee: XEROX Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Linda L Ferrarese, Marc J Livecchi, John J Wilbert
  • Patent number: 7867675
    Abstract: A photoconductor that includes, for example, a supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component, and a nitrogen heterocyclic component such as a triazine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Linda L Ferrarese, Marc J Livecchi, Edward C Savage
  • Patent number: 7838189
    Abstract: An imaging member containing a substrate, and an outer layer containing a sulfur-containing additive, and an image forming apparatus for forming images on a recording medium including the imaging member above, a development component to apply a developer material to the charge-retentive surface to develop the electrostatic latent image to form a developed image on the charge-retentive surface; a transfer component to transfer the developed image from the charge-retentive surface to another member or a copy substrate; and a fusing member to fuse the developed image to the copy substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, James R. Backus, Linda L. Ferrarese, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Patent number: 7785758
    Abstract: A photoconductor comprising a supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component, and where the photogenerating layer contains a triazole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Jin Wu
  • Patent number: 7767374
    Abstract: An method for producing an electrophotographic proreceptor includes a first coating step of applying a coating liquid containing a sublimable antioxidant and a photoconductive substance, onto a conductive substrate to form a first coating film thereon, a first drying step of drying the formed first coating film by heating to form a first photosensitive layer, a second coating step of applying the coating liquid used in the first coating step, onto the first photosensitive layer to form a second coating film, and a second drying step of drying the formed second coating film by heating to form a second photosensitive layer. In the second drying step, the drying condition is made to differ from the drying condition in the first drying step so that a degree of sublimation of the antioxidant in the second drying step is lower than that of sublimation of the antioxidant in the first drying step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Akiko Kihara, Rikiya Matsuo
  • Patent number: 7670734
    Abstract: A photoconductor containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer comprised of a chelating agent and a titanyl phthalocyanine; and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component; and wherein a silanol is present in at least one of the photogenerating layer and charge transport layer, and wherein said at least one charge transport component is comprised of wherein X and Y are independently a suitable hydrocarbon, a halogen, or mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2010
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, John F. Yanus, Anthony M. Horgan, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Patent number: 7622231
    Abstract: A photoconductor containing a photogenerating layer, at least one charge transport layer, and a layer in contact with the charge transport layer comprised of a suitable polymer, and wherein the charge transport layer comprises molecules of the formula/structure wherein X represents alkyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2009
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory McGuire, Jennifer A. Coggan, Johann Junginger, Nan-Xing Hu, Ah-Mee Hor
  • Patent number: 7618758
    Abstract: A photoconductor containing an optional supporting substrate, a perylene silanol photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2009
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Nancy L. Belknap, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Patent number: 7560206
    Abstract: A photoconductor containing an optional supporting substrate, a silanol containing photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2009
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, John S. Chambers, Satchidanand Mishra, Michael A. Morgan, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Patent number: 7544451
    Abstract: An imaging member containing a substrate, and an outer layer containing an antioxidant lubricant additive, and an image forming apparatus for forming images on a recording medium including the imaging member above, a development component to apply a developer material to said charge-retentive surface to develop said electrostatic latent image to form a developed image on said charge-retentive surface; a transfer component for transferring said developed image from said charge-retentive surface to another member or a copy substrate; and a fusing member to fuse said developed image to said copy substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2009
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Robert P. Altavela, James R. Backus, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Patent number: 7507510
    Abstract: An imaging member containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer of at least one charge transport component, at least one polyphenyl ether of the formula wherein each R1, R2, and R3 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkoxy, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, substituted alkoxy, and halogen, and n is from about 1 to about 10, and a thiophosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2009
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Kenny-Tuan Dinh, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Michael S. Roetker, Kent J. Evans, Geoffrey M T. Foley, Anthony M. Horgan, Yonn K. Rasmussen, Satchidanand Mishra, Edward F. Grabowski, Liang-Bih Lin, Markus R. Silvestri
  • Patent number: 7491480
    Abstract: An imaging member containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer, and wherein the at least one charge transport layer contains at least one thiophosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2009
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Satchidanand Mishra, Kent J. Evans, J. Robinson Cowdery-Corvan, Anthony M. Horgan, Geoffrey M T. Foley, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Patent number: 7476478
    Abstract: An imaging member containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer and at least one charge transport layer of at least one charge transport component, at least one polyphenyl thioether of the formula wherein R1, R2, and R3 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkoxy, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, substituted alkoxy, and halogen mixtures thereof, and n is a number of, for example, from about 1 to about 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2009
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Kenny-Tuan Dinh, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Michael S. Roetker, Kent J. Evans, Geoffrey M T. Foley, Anthony M. Horgan, Yonn K. Rasmussen, Satchidanand Mishra, Edward F. Grabowski, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Patent number: 7476477
    Abstract: An imaging member containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer and at least one charge transport layer, and wherein the at least one charge transport layer contains at least one thiophosphate, and wherein the thiophosphate is present in an amount of from about 0.005 to about 0.09 weight percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2009
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Geoffrey M T. Foley, Edward C. Savage, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Patent number: 7462432
    Abstract: An imaging member containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer of at least one charge transport component, at least one polyphenyl thioether of the formula wherein R1, R2, and R3 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkoxy, substituted alkyl, aryl, alkoxy, and halogen; n is a number of from about 1 to about 10; and a thiophosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2008
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Kenny-Tuan Dinh, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Michael S. Roetker, Kent J. Evans, Geoffrey M T. Foley, Anthony M. Horgan, Yonn K. Rasmussen, Satchidanand Mishra, Edward F. Grabowski, Liang-Bih Lin, Markus R. Silvestri
  • Patent number: 7459250
    Abstract: An imaging member containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer of at least one charge transport component, at least one polyphenyl ether of the formula wherein R1, R2, and R3 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkoxy, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, substituted alkoxy, and halogen, and n is a suitable number of from about 1 to about 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2008
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Kenny-Tuan Dinh, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Michael S. Roetker, Kent J. Evans, Geoffrey M T. Foley, Anthony M. Horgan, Yonn K. Rasmussen, Satchidanand Mishra, Edward F. Grabowski, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Patent number: 7410738
    Abstract: A photoconductive imaging member containing an optional supporting substrate, an optional hole blocking layer thereover, a photogenerating layer and a charge transport layer, and wherein the charge transport layer contains a phenol of, for example, the alternative formulas
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2008
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: John F. Yanus, Kenny-Tuan T. Dinh, Markus R. Silvestri, H. Bruce Goodbrand, M. John Hinckel, Dale S. Renfer, Yuhua Tong
  • Patent number: 7390600
    Abstract: An object is to provide a latent electrostatic image bearing member that can provide high-quality images for prolonged periods, owing to photosensitive layers and crosslinked surface layers having excellent flaw and wear resistance and appropriate electric properties, image forming method, image forming apparatus and process cartridge that employ latent electrostatic image bearing member respectively. Accordingly, provided is a latent electrostatic image bearing member that comprises a support and at least a photosensitive layer and a crosslinked surface layer disposed on the support, wherein the crosslinked surface layer comprises a reactant from radical polymerizable compounds having three or more functionalities with no charge transport structure and radical polymerizable compounds having one functionality with charge transport structure, and at least two different antioxidants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2008
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Naohiro Toda, Hiroshi Tamura, Yoshiki Yanagawa, Tetsuro Suzuki
  • Publication number: 20080057421
    Abstract: A photoconductor containing an optional supporting substrate, a perylene photogenerating layer, and at least one silanol containing charge transport layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2006
    Publication date: March 6, 2008
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Nancy L. Belknap, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Publication number: 20080057428
    Abstract: A photoconductor containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer thereover, and at least one charge transport layer, and wherein the photogenerating layer contains a chelating agent, and a Type V titanyl phthalocyanine prepared, for example, by dissolving a Type I titanyl phthalocyanine in a solution comprising a trihaloacetic acid and an alkylene halide; adding the mixture comprising the dissolved Type I titanyl phthalocyanine to a solution comprising an alcohol and an alkylene halide thereby precipitating a Type Y titanyl phthalocyanine; and treating the Type Y titanyl phthalocyanine with a monohalobenzene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2006
    Publication date: March 6, 2008
    Inventors: Jin Wu, John S. Chambers, Francisco J. Lopez, Daniel V. Levy, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Publication number: 20080057423
    Abstract: A photoconductor containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer comprised of a chelating agent and a titanyl phthalocyanine; and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component; and wherein a silanol is present in at least one of the photogenerating layer and charge transport layer, and wherein said at least one charge transport component is comprised of wherein X and Y are independently a suitable hydrocarbon, a halogen, or mixtures thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2006
    Publication date: March 6, 2008
    Inventors: Jin Wu, John F. Yanus, Anthony M. Horgan, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Publication number: 20080008952
    Abstract: An organophotoreceptor and an electrophotographic imaging apparatus including the organophotoreceptor are provided. The organophotoreceptor provides an excellent image quality by preventing an optical fatigue and a thermal fatigue occurring when repeatedly used. The organophotoreceptor includes a conductive support, an undercoat comprising a metal oxide and antioxidant dispersed in a binder, a charge generation layer comprising a phthalocyanine-based pigment, and a charge transport layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2006
    Publication date: January 10, 2008
    Inventor: An-kee Lim
  • Publication number: 20070298342
    Abstract: A photoconductor containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component wherein the at least one charge transport component is comprised of aryl amine molecules of the formula wherein X and Y are each independently alkyl, alkoxy, aryl, a halogen, and wherein the photogenerating layer contains a titanyl phthalocyanine prepared by dissolving a Type I titanyl phthalocyanine in a solution comprising a trihaloacetic acid and an alkylene halide; adding the mixture comprising the dissolved Type I titanyl phthalocyanine to a solution comprising an alcohol and an alkylene halide thereby precipitating a Type Y titanyl phthalocyanine; and treating the Type Y titanyl phthalocyanine with monohalobenzene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2006
    Publication date: December 27, 2007
    Inventors: Jin Wu, John F. Yanus, Satish R. Parikh, Anthony M. Horgan, Kent J. Evans, Geoffrey M.T. Foley, Satchidanand Mishra, Markus R. Silvestri, J. Robinson Cowdery-Corvan, David M. Skinner, Edward F. Grabowski, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Yonn K. Rasmussen, Donald J. Goodman, Liang-Bih Lin
  • Publication number: 20070292792
    Abstract: An imaging member containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer of at least one charge transport component, at least one polyphenyl ether of the formula wherein R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkoxy, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, substituted alkoxy, and halogen, and n is a number of from about 1 to about 10; and wherein a thiophosphate is contained in the photogenerating layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Publication date: December 20, 2007
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Kenny Tuan Dinh, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Michael S. Roetker, Kent J. Evans, Geoffrey M. T. Foley, Anthony M. Horgan, Yonn K. Rasmussen, Satchidanand Mishra, Edward F. Grabowski, Liang-Bih Lin, Markus R. Silvestri
  • Publication number: 20070292790
    Abstract: An imaging member containing an optional supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer of at least one charge transport component, at least one polyphenyl thioether of the formula wherein R1, R2, and R3 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkoxy, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, substituted alkoxy, and halogen, and n is a number of from about 1 to about 10; and wherein a thiophosphate is contained in the photogenerating layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Publication date: December 20, 2007
    Inventors: Jin Wu, Kenny-Tuan Dinh, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Michael S. Roetker, Kent J. Evans, Geoffrey M.T. Foley, Anthony M. Horgan, Yonn K. Rasmussen, Satchidanand Mishra, Edward F. Grabowski, Liang-Bih Lin, Markus R. Silvestri
  • Patent number: 7291428
    Abstract: An electrophotographic imaging member having a charge generating layer and a charge transport layer overlayed thereon is provided. The charge transport layer has a lower surface and an upper surface, wherein the lower surface is in contiguous contact with the charge generating layer. The charge transport layer comprises a film forming polymer binder and a charge transport compound molecularly dispersed or dissolved therein to form a solid solution. The concentration of the charge transport compound in the charge transport layer decreases from the lower surface to the upper surface. In such a construction, the resulting charge transport layer exhibits enhanced cracking suppression, improved wear resistance, excellent imaging member electrical performance, and improved copy print out quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2007
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Satchidanand Mishra, Anthony M. Horgan, Robert C. U. Yu, Dasarao K. Murti, Suresh K. Ahuja
  • Publication number: 20070248901
    Abstract: An electrophotographic photoconductor contains a photosensitive layer and a conductive substrate, wherein the photosensitive layer is disposed on the conductive substrate, and the photosensitive layer is a single layer containing a charge generating material, an electron transporting material expressed by the General Formula (1) and a hole transporting material expressed by the General Formula (2): wherein R1 and R2 independently represent any one of a hydrogen atom, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group and substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group, and R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 independently represent any one of a hydrogen atom, halogen atom, cyano group, nitro group, amino group, hydroxyl group, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group and substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group; and wherein R11, R12, R13, R14, R17, R18, R19 and R20 each represents a hydrogen atom, halogen atom, alkoxy grou
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2007
    Publication date: October 25, 2007
    Inventors: Keisuke Shimoyama, Eiji Kurimoto, Shinichi Kawamura
  • Patent number: 7238456
    Abstract: Silicon-containing layers for electrophotographic photoreceptors which have high mechanical strength, improved electrophotographic characteristics and improved image deletion characteristics even under conditions of high temperature and high humidity are provided. Such silicon-containing layers include silicon-containing compounds, which may be cross-linked, and siloxane-containing antioxidants that can be selected from hindered phenol antioxidants, hindered amine antioxidants, thioether antioxidants and phosphite antioxidants. Electrophotographic photoreceptors and electrophotographic imaging apparatuses containing such silicon-containing layers are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Timothy P Bender, Nan-Xing Hu, John F Graham, Yvan Gagnon, Jennifer A Coggan
  • Patent number: 7192678
    Abstract: A charge transport layer composition for a photoreceptor includes at least a binder and a charge transport material of about 100% to about 40% by weight of a total of the charge transport layer N,N-dimethylphenyl)-4-biphenylamine and about 0% to about 60% N,N?-dephenyl-N,N?-bis(3-methylphenyl)-(1,1?-biphenyl)-4,4?-diamine, and wherein the total charge transport material in the composition is 48% or less of the total solids of the composition. The charge transport layer forms a layer of a photoreceptor, which also includes an optional anti-curl layer, a substrate, an optional hole blocking layer, an optional adhesive layer, a charge generating layer, and optionally one or more overcoat or protective layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2007
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Yuhua Tong, Kenny-Tuan T. Dinh, Markus R. Silvestri, Michael E. Zak, John F. Yanus, Min-Hong Fu, David M. Skinner, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Colleen A. Helbig, Dale S. Renfer, John A. Bergfjord, Sr., Susan M. Van Dusen
  • Patent number: 7189482
    Abstract: Improved organophotoreceptor comprises an electrically conductive substrate and a photoconductive element on the electrically conductive substrate, the photoconductive element comprising: (a) a charge transport compound having the formula where R1 and R2 are, independently, hydrogen, an alkyl group, an alkaryl group or an aryl group; X is an aromatic group; Y is an (N,N-disubstituted)arylamine; Z is (CH2)m group where m is an integer between 0 and 30 where one or more of the methylene groups is optionally replaced by O, S, C?O, O?C—O, O?C—NR3, sulfoxide, sulfate, phosphate, an aryl group, urethane, urea, NR4 group, CHR5 group, or CR6R7 group where R3, R4, R5, R6, and R7 are, independently, H, hydroxyl, thiol, an amine group, an alkyl group, an alkaryl group, a heterocyclic group, or an aryl group, and E is a bond, O, S, C?O, NR8, CR9R10 group, a hetrocyclic group, or an aromatic group where R8, R9, and R10 are, independently, H, an alkyl group, an alkaryl group, or an aryl group; and (b) a charg
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2007
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Zbigniew Tokarski, Nusrallah Jubran, Vytautas Getautis, Maryte Daskeviciene, Ingrida Paulauskaite, Robertas Maldzius, Jonas Sidaravicius
  • Patent number: 7183026
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved organophotoreceptor that comprises an electrically conductive substrate having at least a surface; an inner photoconductive layer adjacent the surface of the electrically conductive substrate; and an outer photoconductive layer adjacent the inner photoconductive layer. In some embodiments, the inner photoconductive layer comprises a first binder in an amount not more than 45% by weight of the inner photoconductive layer, a first charge generating compound, and a charge transport compound, and the outer photoconductive layer comprises a second binder in an amount not less than 45% by weight of the outer photoconductive layer and a second charge generating compound. The inner photoconductive layer and the outer photoconductive layer can be discrete layers or sections of a gradient layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2007
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jiayi Zhu, Ronald J. Moudry
  • Patent number: 7166397
    Abstract: An electrophotographic imaging member having a charge generating layer and a charge transport layer overlayed thereon is provided. The charge transport layer has a lower surface and an upper surface, wherein the lower surface is in contiguous contact with the charge generating layer. The charge transport layer comprises a film forming polymer binder and a charge transport compound molecularly dispersed or dissolved therein to form a solid solution. The concentration of the charge transport compound in the charge transport layer decreases from the lower surface to the upper surface. In such a construction, the resulting charge transport layer exhibits enhanced cracking suppression, improved wear resistance, excellent imaging member electrical performance, and improved copy print out quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2007
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Satchidanand Mishra, Anthony M. Horgan, Robert C. U. Yu, Dasarao K. Murti, Suresh K. Ahuja
  • Patent number: 7052813
    Abstract: A charge transport layer for an imaging member comprising a first and second charge transport layer wherein the second charge transport layer comprises a charge transport component, a hindered phenol covalently bonded to a polymer, and an additional polymer binder other than the polymer containing the hindered phenol. The charge transport layer exhibits excellent wear resistance, excellent electrical performance, and excellent print quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Yuhua Tong, Timothy J. Fuller, Colleen A. Helbig, Kent J. Evans, John F. Yanus, Karen S. Garland, Paul J. DeFeo, Anita P. Lynch, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Damodar M. Pai, Dale S. Renfer, Markus R. Silvestri
  • Patent number: 7041419
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an organic photoreceptor unit that has a conductive base unit, a charge generating layer formed on the conductive base unit, a first charge transport layer that is formed on the charge generating layer and contains a first bonding resin and a first charge transport material, and a second charge transport layer that is formed on the first charge transport layer and contains a second bonding resin including denatured polycarbonate resin, fluorine resin particles and a second charge transport material, wherein the content of the second charge transport material relative to the second bonding resin is larger than the content of the first charge transport material relative to the first bonding resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2006
    Assignee: Minolta Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeaki Tokutake, Keiichi Inagaki
  • Patent number: 7022445
    Abstract: A charge transport layer for an imaging member comprising a charge transport layer wherein the charge transport layer is coated in two passes and wherein the second pass comprises the application of a charge transport component and a hindered phenol covalently bonded to a polymer. The charge transport layer exhibits excellent wear resistance, excellent electrical performance, and excellent print quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2006
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Yuhua Tong, Timothy J. Fuller, Colleen A. Helbig, Kent J. Evans, John F. Yanus, Karen S. Garland, Paul J. DeFeo, Anita P. Lynch, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Damodar M. Pai, Dale S. Renfer, Markus R. Silvestri
  • Patent number: 7018755
    Abstract: An electrophotographic photoconductor having at least a photosensitive layer on a conductive support, wherein the electrophotographic photoconductor comprising, in the outermost layer thereof: a filler, an organic compound having an acid value of 10–400 mgKOH/g, and at least one of compounds represented by the following general formulas 1 and 2: where R1, R2 are substituted or unsubstituted alkyl groups or aromatic hydrocarbon rings, and may be identical or different. R1, R2 may also be bonded together to form a substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle containing a nitrogen atom. R3, R4, R5 are substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or alkoxy groups, or halogen atoms. Ar is a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon ring or aromatic heterocycle. n is an integer in the range 2 to 4, and k, l, m are respectively integers in the range 0 to 3. X is an oxygen atom, or a sulfur atom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takaaki Ikegami, Tomoyuki Shimada, Yasuo Suzuki, Nozomu Tamoto, Hidetoshi Kami
  • Patent number: 6991882
    Abstract: This invention relates to a novel organophotoreceptor that includes a photoconductive layer having a) a novel charge transport compound having the formula ?where R1 is a carbazole group, a julolidine group, or a p-(N,N-disubstituted)arylamine, R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6 are, independently, an alkyl group or an aryl group, R7 and R8 are, independently, hydrogen, an alkyl group, or an aryl group, X is oxygen, sulfur, or a NR? group where R? is hydrogen, an alkyl, or an aryl group, and Y is a trivalent aryl group; (b) a charge generating compound; and wherein the at least one photoconductive layer is carried on an electrically conductive substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2006
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Vytautas Getautis, Edmundas Montrimas, Ingrida Paulauskaite, Valentas Gaidelis, Vygintas Jankauskas, Zbigniew Tokarski, Nusrallah Jubran, Kam W. Law
  • Patent number: 6858362
    Abstract: An electrophotographic photoreceptor including an electroconductive substrate, a photosensitive layer located overlying the electroconductive substrate, and optionally a protective layer overlying the photosensitive layer, wherein an outermost layer of the photoreceptor includes a filler, a binder resin and an organic compound having an acid value of from 10 to 700 mgKOH/g. The photosensitive layer can be the outermost layer. A coating liquid for an outermost layer of a photoreceptor including a filler, a binder resin, an organic compound having an acid value of from 10 to 700 mgKOH/g and plural organic solvents. A method for preparing a photoreceptor including forming a photosensitive layer, and coating the coating liquid on the photosensitive layer. An image forming method and apparatus and a process cartridge using the photoreceptor are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2005
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Nozomu Tamoto, Tetsuro Suzuki, Hiroshi Tamura, Tatsuya Niimi, Akihiko Matsuyama, Eiji Kurimoto, Hidetoshi Kami
  • Patent number: 6853823
    Abstract: An electrophotographic photoreceptor includes an electroconductive substrate. A charge generation layer overlies the electroconductive substrate. A first charge transport layer overlying the charge generation layer includes a first charge transport material (D1) and a first binder resin (R1). A second charge transport layer overlying the first charge transport layer includes a filler, a second charge transport material (D2) and a second binder resin (R2). The first and second charge transport layers have a total thickness of from 5 to 25 ?m. A weight ratio (D1/R1) of the first charge transport material (D1) to the first binder resin (R1) in the first charge transport layer is greater than a weight ratio (D2/R2) of the second charge transport material (D2) to the second binder resin (R2) in the second charge transport layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2005
    Assignee: Ricoh Company Ltd.
    Inventors: Akihiro Sugino, Ryohichi Kitajima, Yoshiaki Kawasaki, Takaaki Ikegami, Eiji Kurimoto
  • Publication number: 20040214100
    Abstract: A photoconductive imaging member containing a photogenerating layer, a charge transport layer, or a plurality of charge transport layers, and which charge transport, especially the top charge transport layer contains a vinyl containing organic compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2003
    Publication date: October 28, 2004
    Applicant: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Robert C.U. Yu, Satchidanand Mishra, Anthony M. Horgan, Richard L. Post, Yuhua Tong, Edward F. Grabowski, Kathleen M. Carmichael, Markus R. Silvestri
  • Publication number: 20040197688
    Abstract: An electrophotographic photoreceptor including an electroconductive substrate, a photosensitive layer located overlying the electroconductive substrate, and optionally a protective layer overlying the photosensitive layer, wherein an outermost layer of the photoreceptor includes a filler, a binder resin and an organic compound having an acid value of from 10 to 700 mgKOH/g. The photosensitive layer can be the outermost layer. A coating liquid for an outermost layer of a photoreceptor including a filler, a binder resin, an organic compound having an acid value of from 10 to 700 mgKOH/g and plural organic solvents. A method for preparing a photoreceptor including forming a photosensitive layer, and coating the coating liquid on the photosensitive layer. An image forming method and apparatus and a process cartridge using the photoreceptor are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2004
    Publication date: October 7, 2004
    Inventors: Nozomu Tamoto, Tetsuro Suzuki, Hiroshi Tamura, Tatsuya Niimi, Akihiko Matsuyama, Eiji Kurimoto, Hidetoshi Kami