Disperser Feeds Into Permeable Mass, E.g., Checkerwork, Etc. Patents (Class 431/170)
  • Patent number: 10082289
    Abstract: A burner with a plurality of oxidant gas pipes distributed throughout the cross section of the burner and process gas in plug flow provides even mixing of the oxidant and the process gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Olav Holm-Christensen, Michael Boe
  • Patent number: 10036329
    Abstract: A gas turbine engine has a fan nacelle and a core nacelle arranged to provide a bypass flow path. A compressor section is provided within the core nacelle. A heat exchanger is arranged within a duct. The heat exchanger is configured to receive bypass flow from the bypass flow path. The duct is in fluid communication with the compressor section and is configured to pass bleed air through the heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Gabriel L. Suciu
  • Patent number: 10010845
    Abstract: An apparatus of hydrocarbon fuel reactors separates and purifies carbon dioxide (CO2). Interconnected fluidized beds are applied in chemical-looping combustion. A multi-stage reduction reaction is processed with iron-based oxygen carriers. Three reduction stages using the iron-based oxygen carriers are accurately and completely controlled. Each of the three stages is separately processed in an individual space. Oxygen in the iron-based oxygen carriers can be fully released. High-purity CO2 is obtained. Hydrogen can be produced as an option. Horizontal connection of three reduction reactors is changed into vertical one. An oxidation reactor is further connected. Thus, the whole structure occupies less area and effectively uses vertical space. Not only small space is effectively used; but also high-volume capacity is obtained. Each of the reactors has better geometry flexibility. The tandem reactor in each layer has less geometric influence and limitation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH, ATOMIC ENERGY COUNCIL, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.
    Inventors: Yau-Pin Chyou, Po-Chuang Chen, Hsiu-Yun Chien, Keng-Tung Wu, Ching-Ying Huang
  • Patent number: 9863640
    Abstract: A bottom assembly unit for a vaporizing burner combustion chamber assembly unit, especially for a vehicle heater, includes a bottom part (24) with a bottom wall. A porous evaporator medium (44) at least partially covers the bottom wall on a front side (42) positioned such that it faces a combustion chamber (20). A ring-shaped holding part (34) has a contact area (40) touching the porous evaporator medium (44). The contact area has a holding section (62) extending radially inwardly from a holding part circumferential wall (36) and extends over the porous evaporator medium (44) in a radially outer area (66). A plurality of contact projections (68) are arranged at spaced locations from one another about the longitudinal axis and extend in the direction of the porous evaporator medium. The porous evaporator medium (44) is pressed by the contact projections (68) in a radially outer area (66) against the bottom wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: Eberspächer Climate Control Systems GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Pfister, Walter Blaschke, Valerij Hermann
  • Patent number: 9857081
    Abstract: A vaporizing burner combustion chamber assembly unit, especially for a vehicle heater, includes a bottom part (32) with a bottom wall (34) and with a first circumferential wall (38) and a porous evaporator medium (42) at least partially covering a front side of the bottom wall, which is to face a combustion chamber (14). A ring-shaped holding part has a second circumferential wall (54) and a contact area (56) touching the porous evaporator medium. The first circumferential wall extends, from an outer edge area (36) of the bottom wall essentially in a longitudinal axis (L) direction of a bottom assembly unit (30), on a rear side of the first bottom wall facing away from a combustion chamber, in the direction away from the porous evaporator medium. The second circumferential wall extends at least partially over the first circumferential wall on its outer side and is fixed to same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: Eberspächer Climate Control Systems GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Andreas Collmer, Axel Kouril, Uwe Grotstollen, Lars Bendix, Oliver Roppelt, Marcus Heim
  • Patent number: 9850869
    Abstract: A fuel injector for supplying fuel to a fuel consuming devise includes a fuel inlet for receiving the fuel, a nozzle tip for dispensing the fuel from the fuel injector, a conduit for communicating the fuel from the fuel inlet to the nozzle tip, a valve seat, and a valve selectively seatable and unseatable with the valve seat for selectively preventing and permitting fuel flow out of the nozzle tip. The nozzle tip includes a non-circular recess on a downstream side thereof and a metering hole on an upstream side thereof opening into the non-circular recess to allow fuel to exit the nozzle tip, the metering hole having a smaller area than the non-circular recess.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: DELPHI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Michael R. Raney, Daniel L. Varble, Axel H. Berndorfer, Stephan Breuer, James Zizelman
  • Patent number: 9017065
    Abstract: An exemplary embodiment provides a regenerative burner apparatus. The apparatus includes a burner housing having a gas channel and a single-stage heat regenerator equipped with a housing enclosing a fluid-porous heat regenerative media bed. A first gas passageway in the housing directly interconnects the gas channel and the lower surface of the media bed. A second gas passageway in the housing interconnects an opening in the housing communicating with the exterior and the upper surface of the media bed. This arrangement allows hot waste combustion gases to pass upwardly through the media bed so that any condensable contaminant in the gases condenses to a liquid and flows out of the bed under gravity before becoming solid and clogging the bed. The liquid contaminant may then be removed from the regenerator from a position below the media bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Novelis Inc.
    Inventor: Edwin L. Rauch
  • Patent number: 9004910
    Abstract: Method for combustion of a fuel uses an existing air burner (1), including a first supply opening (5) for fuel and a second supply opening (7) for air, which supply openings (5,7) open out into a combustion zone (3). The method is characterised in that a gaseous fuel with an LHV (Lower Heating Value) of less than 7.5 MJ/Nm3 is supplied through the second supply opening (7), in that an oxidant including at least 85 percent by weight oxygen is also supplied to the combustion zone (3) through a supply device for oxidant, and in that the gaseous fuel is caused to be combusted with the oxidant in the combustion zone (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Linde AG
    Inventors: Tomas Ekman, Anders Lugnet, Ola Ritzén
  • Publication number: 20150010874
    Abstract: A miniaturized power generation device and method are provided. In one configuration a microscale combustor and heat exchanger may include several repeating unit cells each of which performs combustion, recuperation, and heat exchange. Catalytic combustion may occur inside at least one combustion and one recuperator channel. Specific features may be added to reduce heat loss and pressure drop.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2014
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Mohammad Ghazvini, Vinod Narayanan, Monte Kevin Drost, Brian K. Paul
  • Publication number: 20150010873
    Abstract: A chemical looping combustion apparatus for solid fuels using different oxygen carriers is provided. The chemical looping combustion apparatus includes: a solid fuel chemical looping combustor configured to receive solid fuels and to produce carbon dioxide and steam by combustion of the solid fuels; a gaseous fuel chemical looping combustor configured to receive gaseous fuels and to produce carbon dioxide and steam by combustion of the gaseous fuels; and a devolatilization reactor configured to produce solids and gases by devolatilizing the solid fuels, and the solid fuels received by the solid fuel chemical looping combustor and the gaseous fuels received by the gaseous fuel chemical looping combustor are the solids and the gases produced by the devolatilization reactor, respectively. Accordingly, a reaction rate and an amount of oxygen transfer can increase, and necessity for low-priced oxygen carriers and a make-up cost of low-priced oxygen carriers can be reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Ho-jung Ryu, Gyoung-tae Jin, Chang-keun Yi, Do-won Shun, Jae-hyeon Park, Dal-hee Bae, Sung-ho Jo, Seung-yong Lee, YoungCheol Park, Jong-ho Moon, Dong-ho Lee, Ji-bong Joo
  • Patent number: 8926319
    Abstract: A device for burning a fuel/oxidant mixture in a strongly exothermic reaction, consists of a reactor with a combustion chamber containing at least one first porous material and at least one second porous material in separate zones A and C. The zones are designed in such a way that an exothermic reaction can only occur in zone B, and with one or more feed lines for the fuel and for the oxidant, whereby zone A, which consists of the first porous material, is separated by a distance of approximately 10 mm to 4000 mm, for example approximately 20 mm to 500 mm, equating to one zone B, from zone C which consists of the second porous material and is located before zone C in a flow direction of the fuel/oxidant mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: SGL Carbon SE
    Inventors: Marcus Franz, Sören Götz
  • Publication number: 20140335461
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for chemical-looping combustion of a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, comprising: contacting oxygen-carrying material particles coming from a reduction zone R0 with an oxidizing gas stream in a reactive oxidation zone R1, separating the fly ashes, the fines and the oxygen-carrying material particles within a mixture coming from zone R1 in a dilute phase separation zone S2, the driving force required for dilute phase elutriation in S2 being provided by the oxidizing gas stream from reactive oxidation zone R1. Optionally, partitioning is carried out in a dedusting zone S4, then possibly in a dense phase elutriation separation zone S5. The invention also relates to a chemical-looping combustion plant allowing said method to be implemented.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2012
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicants: Total SA, IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Florent Guillou, Thierry Gauthier, Ali Hoteit, Sebastien Rifflart
  • Publication number: 20140302444
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for chemical-looping combustion of a solid hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, wherein the ashes and fines are removed at the outlet of reactive oxidation zone R1 by sending transported phase (5) coming from reactive zone R1, comprising gas and solid, to a gas-solid separation zone S2, then by sending solid stream (7) coming from gas-solid separation zone S2 to a dense phase elutriation separation zone S3 fluidized by a non-reducing gas (8) allowing the fines and the fly ashes to be separated from the oxygen-carrying material particles. Optionally, deeper separation is carried out in a dedusting zone S5 arranged downstream from dense phase elutriation separation zone S3. The invention also relates to a chemical-looping combustion plant allowing the method according to the invention to be implemented.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventors: Florent Guillou, Thierry Gauthier, Ali Hoteit, Sébastien Rifflart
  • Publication number: 20140295361
    Abstract: In accordance with one embodiment of the present disclosure, an oxygen carrying material may include a primary active mass, a primary support material, and a secondary support material. The oxygen carrying material may include about 20% to about 70% by weight of the primary active mass, the primary active mass including a composition having a metal or metal oxide selected from the group consisting of Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Mo, Mn, Sn, Ru, Rh, and combinations thereof. The oxygen carrying material may include about 5% to about 70% by weight of a primary support material. The oxygen carrying material may include about 1% to about 35% by mass of a secondary support material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Ohio State Innovation Foundation
    Inventors: Liang-Shih Fan, Deepak Sridhar, Fanxing Li
  • Publication number: 20140295359
    Abstract: The invention relates to an improved method for chemical-looping combustion of a solid hydrocarbon-containing feed using a particular configuration of the reduction zone with: a first reaction zone R1 operating under dense fluidized bed conditions; a second reaction zone R2; a fast separation zone S3 for separation of the unburnt solid feed particles, of fly ashes and of the oxygen-carrying material particles within a mixture coming from zone R2; fumes dedusting S4; a particle stream division zone D7, part of the particles being directly recycled to first reaction zone R1, the other part being sent to an elutriation separation zone S5 in order to collect the ashes through a line 18 and to recycle the dense particles through a line 20 to first reaction zone R1. The invention also relates to a chemical-looping combustion plant allowing said method to be implemented.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: Thierry Gauthier, ali Hoteit, Florent Guillou, Sébastien Rifflart
  • Publication number: 20140295358
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for burning hydrocarbons or other combustible liquids and gases, the apparatus (APP) has been provided with at least one inlet for a liquid and/or gaseous fuel (FUE) and air (AIR) and at least one outlet (EXHG) for gases for removing the gases (EXHG) generated in the apparatus (APP), at least one measurement and adjustment unit (C) for adjusting the amount of fuel (FUE) and air (AIR), at least one pre-combustion zone (Cz11, Cz12, Tz1) for the partial combustion of gases, and at least one post-combustion zone (Tz2, Cz21, Cz22) for the combustion of gases generated in pre-combustion, for the reduction of NOx's produced in pre-combustion, and/or for the oxidation of hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: OILON OY
    Inventors: Reijo LYLYKANGAS, Eero PEKKOLA, Tero TULOKAS
  • Publication number: 20140199644
    Abstract: A portable catalytic combustion heater, wherein fuel vapor (11) and air (10) are supplied to a catalyst (6) which promotes the flameless combustion of fuel and releases that. The fuel is supplied as a liquid, passes through a selectively permeable membrane (8) such that fuel vapor exits the membrane and is fed to the catalyst (6). Additional features include porous supports and means of enhancing and diminishing the catalytic rate of combustion and controlling the heat output.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2013
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: GLOBAL HEATING TECHNOLOGIES, GMBH
    Inventors: Robert G. Hockaday, Patrick S. Turner, Zachary R. Bradford, Marc D. DeJohn, Carlos J. Navas, Heathcliff L. Vaz
  • Publication number: 20140154634
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for enhanced fuel combustion to maximize the capture of by-product carbon dioxide. According to various embodiments of the invention, a method for combusting fuel in a two-stage process is provided, which includes in-situ oxygen generation. In-situ oxygen generation allows for the operation of a second oxidation stage to further combust fuel, thus maximizing fuel conversion efficiency. The integrated oxygen generation also provides an increased secondary reactor temperature, thereby improving the overall thermal efficiency of the process. The means of in-situ oxygen is not restricted to one particular embodiment, and can occur using an oxygen generation reactor, an ion transport membrane, or both. A system configured to the second stage combustion method is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Tidjani NIASS, Mourad V. YOUNES
  • Publication number: 20140134553
    Abstract: Reactor for chemical looping combustion. The reactor includes a rotary wheel having a plurality of channels extending therethrough, each channel having a wall with a porous oxygen carrier layer disposed on a bulk layer having high thermal inertia and conductivity. A stationary feeding chamber is located proximate to a bottom portion of the rotary wheel, the feeding chamber partitioned into a plurality of sectors for delivery of a selected pressurized feed gas into the channels of the rotary wheel as it rotates through the sectors. A stationary exit chamber is located proximate a top portion of the rotary wheel, the exit chamber partitioned into at least two sectors through which separate gas streams emerge. A motor is provided for rotating the rotary wheel. In a preferred embodiment, the sectors In the feeding chamber are fuel, air, fuel purging and air purging sectors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Ahmed F. Ghoniem, Zhenlong Zhao, Tianjiao Chen
  • Publication number: 20140093829
    Abstract: This describes the novel use of a naturally occurring material known as volcanic rock, as a particulate and CO2 reduction system. The material is used within the combustion chamber of devices that utilize solid fuel for energy generation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Inventor: Alex Leonard Johnson
  • Patent number: 8678814
    Abstract: Control and regulation system of a combustion unit (10) of the type comprising a combustion chamber (11) and a catalyst (40), the control and regulation system comprising: -an acquisition device of signals proportional to functioning parameters characteristic of the functioning state of the combustion unit (10), an electronic data processing unit (30) connected to the signal acquisition device from which it receives signals, a control and regulation program associated with said electronic data processing unit (30), a first fuel distribution valve (20), a second air distribution valve (21), a data base associated with said electronic data processing unit (30), the electronic data processing unit (30) receives signals from the signal acquisition device, processes them and regulates the opening of the first valve (20) and second valve (21) to minimize the polluting emissions of CO and Nox of the combustion unit (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Benoit Fecamp, Ever Avriel Fadlun, Stefano Groppi
  • Publication number: 20140072917
    Abstract: A system for converting fuel may include a first moving bed reactor, a second reactor, and a non-mechanical valve. The first moving bed reactor may include at least one tapered section and multiple injection gas ports. The multiple injection gas ports may be configured to deliver a fuel to the first moving bed reactor. The first moving bed reactor may be configured to reduce an oxygen carrying material with a fuel by defining a countercurrent flowpath for the fuel relative to the oxygen carrying material. The second reactor may communicate with the first moving bed reactor and may be operable to receive an oxygen source. The second reactor may be configured to regenerate the reduced oxygen carrying material by oxidation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2012
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: OHIO STATE INNOVATION FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Liang-Shih Fan, Hyung R. Kim, Fanxing Li, Liang Zeng, Dawei Wang, Fei Wang
  • Publication number: 20140017618
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for enhancing heavy oil recovery using fixed-bed chemical looping combustion processes that incorporate carbon dioxide capture and/or sequestration. A fixed-bed chemical looping combustion process is provided for generating heat and carbon dioxide. The heat thus generated may be employed in thermal recovery techniques such as SAGD to enhance recovery of heavy oils. Additionally or alternatively, the carbon dioxide produced by the process may be sequestered, captured, employed as a tertiary recovery technique, or any combination thereof. Advantages of certain embodiments include one or more of the following advantages: lower cost, relatively high conversion rates, and high theoretical efficiency of carbon dioxide capture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2013
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Inventor: Scott MACADAM
  • Publication number: 20130323654
    Abstract: The object of the invention is a method for enhancing the operation of a circulating mass reactor (1), which circulating mass reactor (1) comprises a fluidized-bed chamber (8) provided with a fluidized bed (108), means for separating fluidized material (80) from the flue gases, and a return conduit system (15, 16, 19) including at least one cooled return conduit (15, 16). In the method, for the combustion of fuel taking place in the circulation mass reactor (1) is provided a lower combustion chamber (89), which comprises a fluidized-bed chamber (8), and an upper combustion chamber (11) and a flow conduit (10) connecting them. The flow conduit (10), the means for separating the fluidized material (80) from the fuel gases and the return conduit system (15, 16, 19) are arranged to be located essentially between the lower combustion chamber (89) and the upper combustion chamber (11).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: Endev Oy
    Inventor: Seppo Ruottu
  • Patent number: 8591222
    Abstract: A gas-fired air conditioning furnace has a cavity burner configured to combust an air-fuel mixture at least partially within an interior space of the cavity burner. A method of operating a gas-fired furnace by flowing an air-fuel mixture into a cavity burner through a perforated wall of the cavity burner, combusting at least a portion of the air-fuel mixture within an interior space of the cavity burner, and flowing at least partially combusted air-fuel mixture into a heat exchanger. A gas-fired air conditioning device has a cavity burner that has a cylindrically shaped body and a cap on a first end of the body, each of the body and the cap being perforated. The device has a cylindrically shaped heat exchanger inlet tube and the cavity burner is at least partially concentrically received within the heat exchanger inlet tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Trane International, Inc.
    Inventor: Lester D. Sherrow
  • Patent number: 8585396
    Abstract: A portable catalytic combustion heater, wherein fuel vapor (11) and air (10) are supplied to a catalyst (6) which promotes the flameless combustion of fuel and releases that. The fuel is supplied as a liquid, passes through a selectively permeable membrane (8) such as fuel vapor exits the membrane and is fed to the catalyst (6). Additional features include porous supports and means of enhancing and diminishing the catalytic rate of combustion and controlling the heat output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: GHT Global Heating Technologies, GmbH
    Inventors: Robert G. Hockaday, Patrick S. Turner, Zachary R. Bradford, Marc D. DeJohn, Carlos J. Navas, Heathcliff L. Vaz
  • Publication number: 20130284120
    Abstract: A circulating fluidized bed boiler including a furnace for combusting solid carbonaceous fuel in a fast fluidized bed, the furnace having walls made of water/steam tube panels and used for evaporating water fed therein. A solids separator arranged adjacent to a sidewall of the furnace separates solids entrained with exhaust gas discharged via an outlet channel from an upper portion of the furnace. A gas seal conveys at least a portion of the separated solids to a first fluidized bed heat exchange changer arranged downstream of the gas seal and has internal heat exchange surfaces. A first lift channel has a lower end connected to a bottom portion of the first fluidized bed heat exchanger chamber and an upper end connected to an upper end of a first return channel for discharging solids from the first fluidized bed heat exchange chamber and for taking the cooled solids to a lower portion of the furnace.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2012
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventors: Kari Kauppinen, Pertti Kinnunen
  • Patent number: 8540508
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for burning a fluid fuel, in which fuel is reacted in a catalytic reaction, whereupon catalytically pre-reacted fuel continues to be burned in a secondary reaction. A swirling component is impressed onto the pre-reacted fuel, allowing the secondary reaction to be ignited in a spatially controlled manner, resulting in complete burnout. The invention further relates to a burner for burning a fluid fuel, in which the fuel outlet of a catalytic burner is disposed upstream of the fuel outlet of a primary burner in the direction of flow of the fuel within a flow channel such that the fuel is catalytically reacted. The catalytic burner is provided with a number of catalytically effective elements which are arranged such that a vortex is created in the flow channel. The invention can be applied particularly to combustion chambers of gas turbines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Bernd Prade
  • Patent number: 8490617
    Abstract: The present invention is a method of delivering vaporized alcohol fuel through a thermally conductive porous nozzle to a catalytic burner with a plasma cavity and a surrounding porous catalytic cavity with fuel vapor and air supplied separately and inter diffusing into each other from different routes to the catalyst to achieve an efficient, steady, and complete combustion of the hydrogen bearing fuels. This heating system with passive auto thermostatic behavior, coupled to thermopiles, heat pipes and fluid heating systems may provide useful heat and electricity to applications of floors, roadways, runways, electronics, refrigerators, machinery, automobiles, structures, and fuel cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: GHT Global Heating Technologies, GmbH
    Inventors: Giampaolo Vacca, Jeffrey Poston, Michael A. Swank, Robert Glenn Hockaday, Lawrence Weber, Pavlo Bagriy
  • Publication number: 20130149650
    Abstract: The object of the invention is a combustion method for a solid feed using a chemical loop wherein an oxygen-carrying material circulates, said method comprising at least: contacting the solid feed particles in the presence of metallic oxide particles in a first reaction zone (R1) operating in dense fluidized bed mode, carrying out combustion of the gaseous effluents from first reaction zone (R1) in the presence of metallic oxide particles in a second reaction zone (R2), separating in a separation zone (S3) the unburnt particles and the metallic oxide particles within a mixture coming from second reaction zone (R2), re-oxidizing the metallic oxide particles in an oxidation zone (R4) prior to sending them back to first zone (R1).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Inventors: Thierry Gauthier, Ali Hoteit, Florent Guillou, Helene Stainton
  • Patent number: 8454355
    Abstract: A burning device is provided for fuel cell to be run under high temperature. The burning device uses a specific-designed fuel spraying device having porous medium. The burning device can be used under different statuses of flow in the fuel cell. With the burning device, the fuel cell has improved efficiency by enhancing recycling of system heat and pollution of discharged waste gas is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Atomic Energy Council—Institute of Nuclear Energy Research
    Inventors: Yu-Ching Tsai, Tzu-Hsiang Yen, Wen-Tang Hong, Cheng-Nan Huang, Hung-Yu Wang, Wei-Ping Huang, Chien-Hsiung Lee
  • Publication number: 20130098277
    Abstract: A waste treatment technique includes: blowing a fluidizing gas from around a mixture discharge port to form a first fluidization region having a degree of fluidization of the fluidizable particles which is set to an extent allowing waste to be accumulated on fluidizable particles, while blowing a fluidizing gas between the first fluidization region and an opposite-side wall at a higher flow velocity to form a second fluid region having a degree of fluidization of fluidizable particles greater than that in the first fluidization region, whereby the fluidizable particles are mixed with the waste to gasify the waste; and supplying waste from a supply-side sidewall portion onto the fluidized bed to cause the waste to be accumulated on the first fluidization region while causing the accumulated waste to be moved into the second fluidization region step-by-step.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2011
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Applicant: KOBELCO ECO-SOLUTIONS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takuya Kawai, Hiroyuki Hosoda, Tadashi Ito
  • Patent number: 8382470
    Abstract: A fluidized bed boiler plant and a method of combusting sulfurous fuel in the fluidized bed boiler plant, a furnace of which plant is provided with a fluidized bed of particles. Sulfurous fuel, CaCO3-containing sulphur-binding agent and combusting air are introduced to the bed of particles, whereby fuel burns and generates flue gases and the sulphur-binding agent calcinates to CaO and binds SO2 generated in the combustion. Energy is recovered to a heat exchange medium circulating in heat exchange tubes of a condensing heat exchanger arranged in a flue gas channel, and a water solution of acid condensing on outer surfaces is neutralized by mixing it in a mixing vessel to a CaO-containing ash from a plant, preferably, fly ash collected by a dust separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: Foster Wheeler Energia Oy
    Inventor: Pertti Kinnunen
  • Publication number: 20130004878
    Abstract: A catalytic burner includes a catalyst body and a line element for the supply of a gas mixture to the catalyst body. The catalytic burner also includes a transitional region between the line element and the catalyst body. A swirl element is arranged in the flow region upstream of the catalyst body in the direction of flow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2010
    Publication date: January 3, 2013
    Inventors: Kai Kuchenbuch, Patrick Mangold, Gert Hinsenkamp
  • Publication number: 20120312254
    Abstract: A steam generation boiler includes a bottom portion and a roof portion, as well as walls that extend vertically between the bottom portion and the roof portion, thus forming a reaction chamber of the steam generation boiler, the walls of which reaction chamber embody a structure that includes steam generator pipes. The steam generation boiler includes, in its lower portion, at least one wall section tapering towards the bottom portion. A first group of steam pipes in the tapering wall section is arranged to pass from the wall plane into the reaction chamber and to extend from the wall plane to the bottom portion of the steam generation boiler on the side of the reaction chamber forming a wall in the reaction chamber, and a second group of steam pipes is arranged to pass to the bottom portion along the wall plane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2011
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Applicant: Foster Wheeler Energia OY
    Inventor: Pentti Lankinen
  • Patent number: 8256221
    Abstract: An assembly (45) includes a plurality of separate pie-shaped segments (72) forming a disk (70) around a central region (48) for retaining a plurality of tubes (46) in a concentrically spaced apart configuration. Each segment includes a support member (94) radially extending along an upstream face (96) of the segment and a plurality of annularly curved support arms (98) transversely attached to the support member and radially spaced apart from one another away from the central region for receiving respective upstream end portions of the tubes in arc-shaped spaces (100) between the arms. Each segment also includes a radial passageway (102) formed in the support member for receiving a fluid segment portion (106) and a plurality of annular passageways (104) formed in the support arms for receiving respective arm portions (108) of the fluid segment portion from the radial passageway and for conducting the respective arm portions into corresponding annular spaces (47) formed between the tubes retained by the disk.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Siemens Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark F. Rubio, John C. Glessner
  • Publication number: 20120214109
    Abstract: A unique nozzle [20] for a fluidized bed reactor is described that may be replaced efficiently. This employs a collar [30, 130, 230] attached to a vertical section [15] of a feed pipe [11] that provides fluidizing gases. The vertical section [15] has a plurality of nozzle openings [17] at its upper end. A nozzle cap [19] fits over the upper end of the vertical section [15] and the nozzle openings [17]. The collar [30, 130, 230] extends radially outward from the vertical section [15] at a location just below the nozzle cap [19] supporting it in its operational position. During replacement of the vertical section [15] and the nozzle cap [19], the collar acts as a guide to direct cutting equipment to the proper location and facilitate proper cuts. The collar [30, 130, 230] also acts as a support to hold the vertical section [15] and the nozzle cap [19] in proper position to facilitate welding.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2011
    Publication date: August 23, 2012
    Applicant: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Thomas F. Begina, Thomas R. Bober, Jeremy A. Ryser, Michael C. Tanca
  • Patent number: 8215117
    Abstract: A catalytic reactor for a gas turbine engine comprising an air inlet, a premixing zone, a reacting zone comprising a reactive portion and a nonreactive portion, a post reaction mixing zone, a first fuel injection system for introducing fuel into the reactive portion, and a second fuel injection system for introducing fuel into the nonreactive portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Meredith B. Colket, Alexander Chen
  • Patent number: 8211387
    Abstract: A combustor for oxidizing a combustion fuel and pre-heating one or more reactants for fuel reforming. The combustor includes an elongated housing having an inlet for receiving a combustion fuel and an outlet for exhausting combustion products. The elongated housing further includes a cylindrical side wall, a bottom wall, and a top wall. Inert particles are disposed within the housing adjacent the inlet. A combustion catalyst bed is disposed within the housing above the inert particles that is a mixture of inert particles and combustion catalyst. The inert particles and the combustion catalyst preferably have a volumetric ratio of inert particles to catalyst between about 2:1 and about 4:1. The combustor has at least one heat exchanger within the combustion catalyst bed for heating a reformer reactant and generating steam. Preferably, the combustor includes at least two heat exchangers within the combustion catalyst bed, the heat exchanging elements have different surface areas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Vijay Anant Deshpande, Curtis L. Krause, Paul Francis Martin, Kevin Hoa Nguyen, James F. Stevens, William Spencer Wheat
  • Patent number: 8196388
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a heating device for exhaust gas in an internal-combustion engine, which is driven by using LPG, LNG, a volatile oil, a light oil, biodiesel or oxygenated hydrocarbon being DME, the device consisting of a catalyst reactor reformer, an exhaust gas suction section and the second fuel supply device. The exhaust gas suction section is mounted for using oxygen included in the exhaust gas. When the heating device is driven, air and fuels are supplied to the catalyst reactor and the second fuel supply device via a single tube when the heating device is heated. The present invention provides with a heating device for exhaust gas capable of securing the durability of a heating device for exhaust gas and minimizing the amount of air supplied from the outside to the combustion reforming device by excluding carbon depositions in a tube due to a prolysis of LPG, LNG, a volatile oil, a light oil, biodiesel or oxygenated hydrocarbon being DME, and a method for driving the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Jong-Soo Park, Young-Jae Lee, Wang-Lai Yoon, Ho-Tae Lee, Dong-Joo Seo, Sung-Ho Cho, Shin-Kun Lee, Seung-Hoon Choi, Kyung-Seun Yoo
  • Patent number: 8177545
    Abstract: A method for operating a combustor having a catalyst bed. The method includes the steps of directing a flow of air through a catalyst bed, providing heat to the catalyst bed, sensing the temperature in an upstream portion of the catalyst bed to provide an upstream temperature, directing a flow of a fuel through the catalyst bed when the upstream temperature reaches a light-off temperature to produce a combustion reaction, increasing the flow of the fuel until the flow of air and the flow of fuel have a selected air to fuel ratio, and controlling the combustion reaction within the catalyst bed by adjusting the flow of air and the flow of fuel while maintaining the selected air to fuel ratio. The method can include sensing temperatures within the catalyst bed and controlling the combustion reaction in response to the sensed temperatures. The heat provided to the catalyst bed can also be adjusted in response to the sensed temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Hongqiao Sun, Vesna R. Mirkovic, Bhaskar Balasubramanian, W. Spencer Wheat
  • Publication number: 20120040295
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for producing very pure carbon dioxide containing gas and thermal energy and the use of such apparatus and method are described. The production apparatus (PA) includes at least one catalytic combustion unit (2) with at least one catalytic burner (NCB) for catalytic combustion of fuel, for burning the fuel efficiently at a temperature of 350 to 850° C. in a retention time of 0.01 to 0.1 s, and at least one heat exchanger (RHE, THE) for at least partial transfer of heat from the gas (CO2G) formed in the combustion to the combustion air (AIR) and the fuel (PG) to be supplied into the catalytic burner (NCB). The production apparatus (PA) also includes at least one catalytic after burner (ACB) for at least partial after purification of the gas (CO2G) formed in the combustion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2010
    Publication date: February 16, 2012
    Applicant: FORMIA EMISSIONS CONTROL OY
    Inventor: Reijo Lylykangas
  • Publication number: 20110229835
    Abstract: A device for burning a fuel/oxidant mixture in a strongly exothermic reaction, consists of a reactor with a combustion chamber containing at least one first porous material and at least one second porous material in separate zones A and C. The zones are designed in such a way that an exothermic reaction can only occur in zone B, and with one or more feed lines for the fuel and for the oxidant, whereby zone A, which consists of the first porous material, is separated by a distance of approximately 10 mm to 4000 mm, for example approximately 20 mm to 500 mm, equating to one zone B, from zone C which consists of the second porous material and is located before zone C in a flow direction of the fuel/oxidant mixture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Inventors: Marcus Franz, Sören Götz
  • Publication number: 20110171588
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device and to an improved method for chemical looping combustion of at least one liquid hydrocarbon feed, comprising: mixing the liquid feed with an atomization gas so as to feed it into a metal oxide transport zone (2), upstream from combustion zone (3), through atomization means (6) allowing to form finely dispersed liquid droplets in the atomization gas; spraying the liquid feed in form of droplets into contact with at least part of the metal oxides in transport zone (2), the operating conditions in transport zone (2) being so selected that the superficial gas velocity after spraying the liquid feed is higher than the transport velocity of the metal oxide particles; sending all of the effluents from transport zone (2) to a combustion zone (3) allowing reduction of the metal oxides, said combustion zone (3) comprising at least one dense-phase fluidized bed. The invention can be advantageously applied to CO2 capture and energy production.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2009
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Inventors: Thierry Gauthier, Ali Hoteit, Ann Forret
  • Publication number: 20110146264
    Abstract: The invention provides an apparatus for generating heat and transferring the heat to a heater head of an external combustion engine, preferably, a Stirling engine. Fuel and air are introduced into a combustion chamber and mixed to form an air/fuel mixture. The air/fuel mixture is combusted over a combustion catalyst positioned in physical contact with a heat spreader, which itself is positioned in physical contact with a heat acceptor surface. The heat acceptor surface is secured in thermal communication with the heater head. Depending upon the design of the heater head, heat flux from the heat acceptor surface into the heater head may occur radially or non-radially.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2010
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Inventors: Subir Roychoudhury, Benjamin D. Baird, Richard T. Mastanduno, Bruce Crowder, Paul Fazzino
  • Patent number: 7857616
    Abstract: A burner apparatus utilizes a reticulated member to promote mixing of a fuel and oxidizer mixture. A plurality of exit ports, disposed on a wall or surface encapsulating the reticulated member, defines exit streams of the mixture that produces flames upon combustion. The burner apparatus have high heating rates and turndown ratios of at least about 18:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2010
    Assignee: TIAX LLC
    Inventors: Philip C. Carbone, Matthew E. Brekken, Peter F. Pescatore, Charles E. Marble, Matthew Rhodes
  • Patent number: 7819656
    Abstract: A furnace, firing pattern and method of operating a heater that employs a combination of hearth burners and wall burners for the cracking of hydrocarbons is described. The firing pattern leads to improvements in the uniformity of the coil metal temperatures and vertical heat flux profiles over the firebox elevation. The hearth burners operate with a stoichiometric excess of air while the wall burners operate with less than the stoichiometric amount of air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Lummus Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Peter R Ponzi, Francesco Bertola, Robert J Gartside
  • Publication number: 20100242815
    Abstract: A sealpot for a combustion power plant includes a downcomer standpipe which receives solids of the combustion power plant, a bed including a first end and a second opposite end, the first end connected to the downcomer standpipe, a discharge standpipe disposed at the second opposite end of the bed, and an orifice plate disposed between the bed and the discharge standpipe separating the discharge standpipe from the bed. The orifice plate includes apertures disposed at a height above the bed which allow transport of fluidized solids and gas through the orifice plate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2010
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Applicant: ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD
    Inventors: John H. Chiu, Bard C. Teigen
  • Publication number: 20100227286
    Abstract: A portable catalytic combustion heater, wherein fuel vapor (11) and air (10) are supplied to a catalyst (6) which promotes the flameless combustion of fuel and releases that. The fuel is supplied as a liquid, passes through a selectively permeable membrane (8) such as fuel vapor exits the membrane and is fed to the catalyst (6). Additional features include porous supports and means of enhancing and diminishing the catalytic rate of combustion and controlling the heat output.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2010
    Publication date: September 9, 2010
    Inventors: Robert G. Hockaday, Patrick S. Turner, Zachary R. Bradford, Marc D. DeJohn, Carlos J. Navas, Heathcliff L. Vaz
  • Patent number: 7762806
    Abstract: An afterburner device and a method for operating an afterburner device, especially for chemical reformers for obtaining hydrogen, for making heat available from fuels and/or residual gases from a reforming process and/or a fuel cell process. In this context, heat is supplied in a controlled manner from recirculated combustion gases to a first housing and/or a combustion chamber situated in it and at least in part filled with heat resistant, open-pored foamed ceramics. The regulation takes place, for instance, based on a temperature recorded in the combustion chamber using an infrared light measurement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2010
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Guenter Hoenig, Frank Miller