Distinct Exhaust Products Line Heats Feed Line Patents (Class 431/215)
  • Patent number: 10047955
    Abstract: A thermal post-combustion unit with a combustion chamber having a combustion space to which exhaust air can be supplied, having a burner for heating the combustion space, whereby clean air is produced, having an inlet for exhaust air and having an outlet for clean air. A flow path connects the inlet to the combustion space. Exhaust air can be heated by a heat-exchanger system. The flow path comprises a first, second and third flow section, wherein the first flow section is connected to the inlet and the exhaust air flows from the third flow section to the combustion space, wherein the flow sections connect to one another at diversion ends so that the exhaust air flows through two successive flow sections with different flow directions. Heat-exchanger pipes extend at least inside the first and the second flow section or at least the first and the second flow section extend inside heat-exchanger pipes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: EISENMANN SE
    Inventor: Volker Strobel
  • Patent number: 9976740
    Abstract: A superadiabatic burner has a flame holder formed from a porous medium, a fuel inlet coupled to the flame holder, a fuel outlet coupled to the flame holder, a preheater comprising an inlet and an outlet coupled to the fuel inlet, and a radiating rod coupled to the porous medium. The porous medium comprises a first porous section and a second porous section. Methods of using the burner allow preheated air or other mixtures to be provided to the fuel inlet as part of a fuel air mixture for the burner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: Board of Regents of the Nevada Systems of Higher Educations, on Behalf of the University of Nevada, Reno
    Inventor: Chanwoo Park
  • Patent number: 9709277
    Abstract: The present application provides a micro-mixer fuel plenum for mixing a flow of fuel and a flow of air in a combustor. The micro-mixing fuel plenum may include an outer barrel and a number of mixing tubes positioned within the outer barrel. The mixing tubes may include one or more heat transfer features thereon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Christopher Paul Keener, Thomas Edward Johnson, Carl Robert Barker
  • Patent number: 9033700
    Abstract: A regenerative burner device for a furnace and a method of removing contaminants from such a device. The burner device includes a burner for introducing heat and waste gas into a furnace during ignition when supplied with fuel and a combustion gas, a media bed comprising refractory particles, and ducting for delivering combustion gas to said burner during ignition, and for drawing waste gas from said furnace on termination of ignition. The ducting causes the combustion gas and the waste gas to pass in succession through the media bed. Means are provided for periodically delivering a rapid flow of a decontaminating gas into said media bed. The rapid flow is of sufficient force to dislodge contaminants collected in the media bed from said waste gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Novelis Inc.
    Inventors: Claude Simard, Stéphane Ménard, Wesley Donald Stevens, Edward J. Wilson, Paul Banks, Luc Belley, Brad D. Burridge, Tony I. Phelps
  • Patent number: 9017065
    Abstract: An exemplary embodiment provides a regenerative burner apparatus. The apparatus includes a burner housing having a gas channel and a single-stage heat regenerator equipped with a housing enclosing a fluid-porous heat regenerative media bed. A first gas passageway in the housing directly interconnects the gas channel and the lower surface of the media bed. A second gas passageway in the housing interconnects an opening in the housing communicating with the exterior and the upper surface of the media bed. This arrangement allows hot waste combustion gases to pass upwardly through the media bed so that any condensable contaminant in the gases condenses to a liquid and flows out of the bed under gravity before becoming solid and clogging the bed. The liquid contaminant may then be removed from the regenerator from a position below the media bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Novelis Inc.
    Inventor: Edwin L. Rauch
  • Publication number: 20150111160
    Abstract: A steam power station is provided having a steam boiler which can be fired by a combustion device in a combustion chamber and has an air preheater which is suitable for removing thermal energy from the flue gas of the combustion chamber in order to transfer the thermal energy to a first air flow, the first air flow being fed back to the combustion chamber at least partly as combustion air. The steam power station also has a high-temperature battery which can likewise be supplied with air from the first air flow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Christian Brunhuber, Carsten Graeber, Gerhard Zimmermann
  • Patent number: 9004910
    Abstract: Method for combustion of a fuel uses an existing air burner (1), including a first supply opening (5) for fuel and a second supply opening (7) for air, which supply openings (5,7) open out into a combustion zone (3). The method is characterised in that a gaseous fuel with an LHV (Lower Heating Value) of less than 7.5 MJ/Nm3 is supplied through the second supply opening (7), in that an oxidant including at least 85 percent by weight oxygen is also supplied to the combustion zone (3) through a supply device for oxidant, and in that the gaseous fuel is caused to be combusted with the oxidant in the combustion zone (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Linde AG
    Inventors: Tomas Ekman, Anders Lugnet, Ola Ritzén
  • Patent number: 8986001
    Abstract: A burner and an improved heat recuperator for a burner. The heat recuperator has a tubular body including a plurality of fins extending radially outward from the tubular body. The plurality of fins are disposed in a plurality of segments arranged longitudinally along the tubular body with the plurality of fins in each segment being disposed about a circumference of the tubular body. Adjacent segments of fins being circumferentially offset with one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Eclipse, Inc.
    Inventor: David Collier
  • Publication number: 20150072296
    Abstract: A natural draft combustion mixer in which the primary air intake is positioned downstream from the point of fuel introduction and also consists of a heat return port for orifice freeze protection that is located adjacent to the orifice, as well as a removable orifice holder for ease of access to the orifice during maintenance and set-up of a combustion system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Robbie Warren Lundstrom, Derek Lloyd Herder
  • Publication number: 20150010359
    Abstract: A thermal conductive heating and desorption system is disclosed, which provides superior results to other systems for the removal of pollutants from soil, groundwater and other affected medias using a novel enhanced gas fired recuperative heater and oxidation system. Pollutants in the affected, heated media are partially destroyed by hydrolysis, pyrolysis and/or oxidation processes. Remaining pollutants are extracted from the affected media, and pollutant off gas is then introduced into the heater system where it is both thermally and catalytically oxidized. Heat from combusted fuel and pollutant off gas in the heater system is used to preheat incoming combustion air through a recuperative heat exchanger, enabling significant reductions in fuel usage by the heater system. Combusted fuel and off gas discharged from the heater system may be further treated to achieve specified discharge standards.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventor: Grant Geckeler
  • Publication number: 20140373762
    Abstract: A combined heat exchanger including a flue gas cooler heat-transfer unit supplied with cooling fluid by a supply pump and an upstream GGH heat-transfer unit for circulation of circulating fluid with a downstream GGH by a circulation pump is arranged at an outlet of a gas air heater for heat exchange of flue gas from a boiler body for oxyfuel combustion with recirculation flue gases. A low-low temperature ESP is arranged at an outlet of the combined heat exchanger. A heat-exchange-duty adjustment device is arranged to regulate heats exchanged in the heat-transfer units in the heat exchanger such that at least flue gas temperature at the inlet of the low-low temperature ESP is kept to an inlet set temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: IHI Corporation
    Inventor: Terutoshi UCHIDA
  • Patent number: 8911230
    Abstract: In a burner and method for the operation of such a burner which is provided with first fuel and air supply means for FLOX® operation and second fuel and air supply means for operation with flame combustion, a control unit is provided for controlling fuel and air supply means in such a manner that, aided by flame combustion operation, the temperature required for FLOX® operation is rapidly achieved and FLOX® operation can be maintained at least in the region directly in front of the burner so as to provide for assisted FLOX® operation of the burner already before the conditions for pure FLOX® operation are established.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: WS Waermeprozesstechnik, GmbH
    Inventors: Joachim A. Wünning, Joachim G. Wünning
  • Publication number: 20140356793
    Abstract: A regenerative oxidant preheater internal arrangement, including a system and method for use thereof, utilizing a unique recycle oxy-combustion methodology which includes at least two primary combustion oxidant sectors placed adjacent to both the flue gas side as well as a secondary oxidant sector positioned between the two primary sectors. A tri-sector regenerative oxidant preheater apparatus, method and arrangement for utilization with oxy-fired pulverized coal combustion power plants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Dennis K. McDonald, Kiplin C. Alexander, David L. Kraft
  • Patent number: 8851883
    Abstract: The invention relates to a combustion method which is performed in a furnace that is equipped with energy recovery means and burners, whereby the heat from the combustion fumes is recovered by energy recovery means and said recovered heat is used in order to heat the air. According to the invention, at least part of the burners performs the combustion of an oxygen-rich comburent and a fuel and at least part of the air heated by the energy recovery means is used to heat the oxygen-rich comburent and/or fuel for the burners.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Luc Jarry, Bertrand Leroux
  • Patent number: 8827692
    Abstract: A method for regulating a temperature of a combustion medium in a mixing zone of a burner and a method for regulating a burner, in particular an oil burner, a burner performance being modulated. A heating system including a burner, which includes a regulating device, and a regulating device for a burner, in particular an oil burner. The method/system is intended to provide as constant a temperature as possible in the mixing zone during the different operating modes and with changed burner performance. The combustion air flows through a first supply tract in a first operating mode and in adjustable proportions through the first and/or a second supply tract in a second operating mode, and the combustion air is supplied with heat via a heating element, which may be switched on and off, in the first supply tract, and with heat from a combustion zone in the second supply tract.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Juergen Rollmann, Detlev Gerling, Sadik Cecen, Rainer Rausch, Michael Schuessler
  • Patent number: 8807991
    Abstract: A regenerative oxidant heater internal arrangement, including a system and method for use thereof, utilizing a unique recycle oxy-combustion methodology which includes at least two primary combustion oxidant sectors placed adjacent to both the flue gas side as well as a secondary oxidant sector positioned between the two primary sectors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Dennis K. McDonald
  • Publication number: 20140227648
    Abstract: A device for stabilizing dilute combustion for use in a cold-walls type combustion chamber comprises a burner. The burner comprises at least one oxidant inlet and at least one fuel inlet. The oxidant and fuel inlets opening separately into the chamber at a distance suitable for establishing combustion which is highly diluted by internal re-circulations of combustion products toward a burner zone. The device comprises a heating element configured to heat, during steady operating conditions, the combustion products to sustain self-ignition conditions. The heating element is positioned in a dilution zone and surrounds a set of oxidant and fuel jets.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: GDF SUEZ
    Inventors: Alain Quinqueneau, Clotilde Villermaux, Mathieu Ourliac, Mechline Ayoub, David Honore
  • Publication number: 20140193758
    Abstract: Burner device (2) for an industrial furnace (1) comprising a channel (3) for fuel, a channel (4) for a first oxidant, an outlet (9) for flue gases, a control device (10) and a heat buffer (7), where the first oxidant and the flue gases alternating are led through the heat buffer (7). The invention is characterized in that a separate lancing device (6) is arranged to supply a second oxidant to the burner device (2).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: AGA AB
    Inventors: Tomas EKMAN, Anders LUGNET
  • Publication number: 20140186780
    Abstract: Methods and systems for controlling jet velocity of a preheated gas are described herein. Through the use of a temperature-sensitive bimetallic valve, the flow of a gas can be redirected to maintain jet velocity based on temperature. The temperature-sensitive bimetallic valve can redirect flow of the gas based on the position of a bimetallic strip. The bimetallic strip and a connected blocking device can change position based on the temperature of the gas. The position of the bimetallic strip and the blocking device control the size of the port that the gas is delivered to the burner through. Thus, preheated gas and standard temperature gas can be delivered at appropriate velocities based on the needs of the user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2012
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: American Air Liquide, Inc.
    Inventors: Taekyu KANG, Robert SOKOLA, Vijaykant SADASIVUNI
  • Publication number: 20140186781
    Abstract: Methods and systems for controlling jet velocity at a burner when using heated gases and standard temperature gases are described herein. Through the use of a temperature-sensitive magnetic valve, the flow of a gas can be redirected to reduce velocity based on temperature. The temperature-sensitive magnetic valve can redirect flow of the gas based on the magnetic state of a curie material. The curie material changes the state of the temperature-sensitive magnetic valve based on the temperature of the gas. Thus, heated gases and standard temperature gases can be delivered at approximately equal velocities thus maintaining flame size and shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2012
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: AMERICAN AIR LIQUIDE, INC.
    Inventors: Taekyu KANG, Robert SOKOLA, Vijaykant SADASIVUNI
  • Patent number: 8747105
    Abstract: An insert tube is used for the repair or improvement of a pre-heating tube for air arranged in an exhaust gas pathway of a fuel burner. A pre-determined radial gap exists between the outer surface of the insert tube and the inner surface of the pre-heating tube for air such that the insert tube can be slid into the pre-heating tube for air. The insert tube is provided in the vicinity of each end with at least one groove that runs around its circumference. In the groove there is arranged at least one sealing ring of an elastic material. The sealing ring mounted in the groove has an external diameter that exceeds the internal diameter of the preheating tube for air. The sealing ring forms a seal against the inner surface of the pre-heating tube for air and prevents leakage through the sealing ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Valmet Power AB
    Inventor: Lennart Nordh
  • Publication number: 20140131010
    Abstract: An air preheater comprises flow conduits for heat transfer between a heating gas and combustion air which is to be pre-heated with heat pipes extending between the flow conduits for the two gas streams to provide heat transfer The fins on the heat pipes in at least the condensation zone of the flow conduit of the heating gas are provided with one or more serrations on the sides of the pipes facing away from the oncoming gas flow. The serrations assist in removing any liquid film which may accumulate on the fins during operation in the condensing mode. A corrosion resistant coating material such as glass may be provided on the condensing side of the finned heat pipes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2012
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Hyungsik LEE, Brandon J. PENCE, Scott C. CHAPMAN
  • Publication number: 20140116423
    Abstract: A combustion heater (110) provided with a heating plate (126); a placement plate (120) disposed opposite the heating plate; an outer wall (122) provided around the outer circumference of the heating plate and the placement plate; a partitioning plate (124) that is disposed opposite the heating plate and the placement plate inside a space enclosed by the heating plate, the placement plate, and the outer wall, that forms a lead-in portion (134) by a gap with the placement plate, and that forms a lead-out portion (138) by a gap with the heating plate; and a combustion chamber (136) that is arranged in the space enclosed by the heating plate, the placement plate and the outer wall, and at which the fuel gas that was introduced from the lead-in portion combusts, and that leads out exhaust gas produced by the combustion toward the lead-out portion; in which a concavo-convex portion (146) that has concavities and convexities in the thickness direction is provided in the partitioning plate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2014
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Inventors: Kimiyoshi SATOH, Soichiro KATO, Shusaku YAMASAKI, Kazuo MIYOSHI
  • Publication number: 20140093828
    Abstract: A boiler system includes an arrangement for drying fuel material to be combusted in the boiler system. A combustion chamber combusts fuel material, and generates ash and flue gases. An ash removal conduit connected to the combustion chamber leads ash out of the combustion chamber. A flue gas conduit connected to the combustion chamber leads Hue gases out of the combustion chamber. A flue gas heat recovery system, arranged to the flue gas conduit, recovers heat from the flue gases. A fuel dryer, provided with a first heat transfer device, transfers heat into the fuel to be dried. A second heat transfer device is arranged in connection with the flue gas conduit downstream of the flue gas heat recovery system. A third heat transfer device is arranged in connection with the ash removal conduit and a fourth heat transfer device is arranged in heat transfer connection with the fuel dryer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Inventors: Pertti Kinnunen, Timo Jäntti, Juha Räsänen, Juha Palonen
  • Publication number: 20140087316
    Abstract: A plurality of independently flow rate-controlled flows of fuel may be preheated at a heat exchanger (or both oxidant and fuel at separate heat exchangers) by heat exchange with a hot shell-side (heat transfer) fluid. The separate flows of hot fuel are directed to associated separate burners where they combust with flows of fuel to produce hot combustion gases. The hot combustion gases are used to preheat the hot shell-side fluid at a recuperator or regenerator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicants: American Air Liquide, Inc., L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour I'Etude et I'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Taekyu KANG, James J.F. MCANDREW, Youssef Joumani, Remi Pierre Tsiava
  • Publication number: 20140065560
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method of operating a boiler system that includes an oxyfuel boiler in which an oxygen stream and a fuel stream are combusted to generate a stream of flue gas, an oxygen gas source producing the stream of oxygen for the boiler, and a gas processing unit for cleaning and compressing at least a portion of the stream of flue gas generated in the boiler for producing a stream of pressurized fluid comprising carbon dioxide. The method includes operating the boiler system, at least for a period of time, in an evaporation mode, in which a stream of oxygen from the oxygen gas source in liquid form is evaporated prior to being introduced in the boiler by transferring heat energy to the stream of liquid oxygen from a first stream of carbon dioxide of the gas processing unit. The present disclosure further relates to a boiler system for an oxy-fuel process as well as to a power plant comprising such a system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: ALSTOM Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Olaf STALLMANN, Frank Klaus Ennenbach, Christian Britz, Jutta Narjes, Markus Joerg Weitzel
  • Publication number: 20140041559
    Abstract: A furnace-heating combustion apparatus that allows adjustment of a ratio between the amount of primary air and the amount of secondary air. A double-tube elongate burner extends through a rear wall portion of an air box disposed away from a furnace wall. The leading end portion of the burner is disposed inside a tube section such that a secondary air conduit is formed between an outer circumferential face of the leading end portion and an inner circumferential face of the tube section. A primary air conduit is provided at the leading end portion of the burner to introduce the air inside the air box from the rear end portion and cause it to flow toward the leading end portion. A burner supporting means is provided for to allow adjustment of the position of the burner in the longitudinal direction relative to the rear wall of the air box.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: OSAKA GAS CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Makoto Hirano
  • Patent number: 8622736
    Abstract: In a highly efficient recuperator burner, which comprises at least one combustion chamber for warm-up operation and is otherwise set up for FLOX® operation, and a recuperator for preheating combustion air by means of thermal exhaust gas energy in a counter-current heat exchange mode via heat exchanger pipes, each heat exchanger pipe has, in a heat exchange section thereof, a flattened gap cross-section and, at its end facing a volume to be heated, a nozzle cross-section, which differs from the flattened gap cross-section of the heat exchanger pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: WS-Wärmeprozesstechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Joachim G. Wünning, Joachim A. Wünning
  • Publication number: 20130344409
    Abstract: A combustor for generating and supplying hot combustion gases to a fuel reformer includes an annular passage defined by a swirler having a central hub and an outer wall. One or more vanes are disposed in the annular passage to impart angular momentum to a gas flowing axially through the annular passage. At least one opening is defined in the central hub for introducing a first fuel into the annular passage, and at least one opening is defined in the outer wall in for introducing a second fuel into the annular passage. In a further aspect of the invention, the fuel introduced into the annular passage through the outer wall is a gaseous fuel, for example effluent gas from a fuel cell, and the fuel introduced into the annular passage through the central hub is a vaporized liquid fuel, for example vaporized diesel fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2012
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicant: DELPHI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: BERNHARD A. FISCHER
  • Publication number: 20130319301
    Abstract: A spray nozzle is provided with upper and lower channels and from respective surfaces, the two channels form a cross shape, and become a fuel spray hole by communication of an intersecting part. A guide member is provided, in contact with the upstream-side channel, in a position overlapped with the intersecting part with respect to the spray direction of the spray nozzle. Spray fluid is branched with the guide member from the fuel fluid duct connected to the spray nozzle, passes through the upstream-side channel, to the intersecting part, and is sprayed. The spray fluid forms opposed flows toward the intersecting part in the upstream-side channel to collide with each other at an obtuse angle of 90° or greater, then is sprayed from the intersecting part, to form a thin fan-shaped liquid film. The liquid film is divided by a shearing force from the peripheral gas, atomized into spray particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: Babcock-Hitachi K.K.
    Inventors: Hirofumi Okazaki, Koji Kuramashi, Hideo Okimoto, Akihito Orii, Kenichi Ochi
  • Publication number: 20130266903
    Abstract: An apparatus and process for vaporizing and, optionally, igniting a liquid fuel, preferably, a distillate fuel. The apparatus includes the following components: a heat-conductive reticulated screen positioned within a chamber; a first inlet path into the chamber for delivering a liquid fuel onto the screen; a second inlet path into the chamber for contacting an oxidant with the screen and fuel; a means for heating the screen to a temperature sufficient to vaporize and, optionally, ignite the liquid fuel; and a recuperator in fluid communication with the chamber for transferring heat from the chamber to the second inlet path. The apparatus is suitably employed in compact and portable oxidation reactors, for example, in external combustion engines, catalytic partial oxidation reformers, and hybrid combustors operating in flame and/or catalytic modes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2012
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: Precision Combustion, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Mastanduno, David Spence, Subir Roychoudhury, Bruce Crowder
  • Patent number: 8535051
    Abstract: A four-way valve for use in a regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO) assembly for alternating between a first cycle with a gas flowing in a first direction and a second cycle with a gas flowing in a second direction. A partition divides the interior of the housing of the valve into an input zone and an output zone. A pivot shaft rotatable about an axis is disposed in the interior of the housing, and a pair of opposing dampers extend radially outwardly on opposite sides of the pivot shaft. A plurality of ducts are disposed in the housing. Each duct engages one of the input and output apertures and extends into one of the input and output zones for engaging the dampers to restrict the flow of gas during the first and second cycles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Inventor: Richard Greco
  • Publication number: 20130192591
    Abstract: Provided is a combustion heater (100), which includes a heating plate (118), a layout plate (120) disposed opposite to the heating plate, an annular outer circumferential wall (122) interposed between the heating plate and the layout plate, clipping parts (136) configured to sandwich the heating plate, the layout plate, and the outer circumferential wall so that at least one of the heating plate and the layout plate is allowed to expand in an extending direction thereof, a partition plate (124) disposed between the heating plate and the layout plate, a combustion chamber (126) disposed inside the outer circumferential wall along the outer circumferential wall, an inflow passage (128) configured to flow fuel gas into the combustion chamber using the layout plate and the partition plate as a lateral wall thereof, and an outflow passage (130) configured to discharge exhaust gas from the combustion chamber to an outside using the heating plate and the partition plate as a lateral wall thereof, and to preheat the
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2011
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Inventors: Kimiyoshi Satoh, Hidenari Baba, Masao Aihara, Toshiyuki Suda, Toshiro Fujimori
  • Patent number: 8474240
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and computer program products are disclosed that overcome the deficiencies of traditional steam engines and internal combustion engines. In an embodiment, a system is disclosed for generating reaction products having elevated temperature and pressure. The system comprises a first chamber including a reactor to decompose hydrogen peroxide to generate oxygen and water vapor. The system further comprises a second chamber including a reactor to catalytically combust a mixture of the generated oxygen and a fuel to generate reaction products having elevated temperature and pressure. The system further comprises a passageway to receive reaction products exiting the second chamber and to channel the reaction products to come into contact with external surfaces of the first and second chambers to thereby transfer heat to the first and second chambers, and an outlet to allow the reaction products to exit the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: NW Licensing Company LLC
    Inventor: Charles Robin Nail
  • Patent number: 8475161
    Abstract: In a high efficiency regenerator burner for heating spaces, the exhaust gas generated by the burner is provided which is conducted alternately through different regenerator cartridges and a partial stream of the exhaust gas is conducted under the control of an orifice plate through a bypass space in which the regenerator cartridges are disposed. A control structure is disposed in a burner head for controlling the exhaust gas bypass flow volume and also to control the main exhaust gas flow as well as the combustion air flow through the regenerator cartridges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: WS-Wärmeprozesstechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Joachim A. Wünning, Joachim G. Wünning
  • Publication number: 20130095438
    Abstract: The present invention provides a regenerative thermal oxidizer system, comprising: a recuperative heat exchanger that receives process exhaust gas from an anaerobic digestion process and boosts an inlet temperature of the gas to a second gas temperature; and a regenerative thermal oxidizer that receives the gas from the heat exchanger, further heats/combusts the gas to a third gas temperature, and feeds the gas back through the recuperative heat exchanger, which recoups heat from the gas such that the gas exits the heat exchanger at a fourth gas temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Inventor: Jeffrey J. Grill
  • Patent number: 8403662
    Abstract: A combustion air supply apparatus 9 of alternating heat exchange type supplies combustion air and discharges combustion exhaust gas at a flow velocity of 80 to 200 m/sec. A burner assembly 4 is configured in such a manner that low-caloric fuel gas is pre-heated with heat of pre-combusting high-caloric fuel gas before the low-caloric fuel gas reaches a mixing starting space CA in the combustion chamber where the pre-combusting high-caloric fuel gas and the low-caloric fuel gas come to burn together in a full scale in the mixing starting space CA. When an air amount of the combustion air supplied through the high-temperature air supply ports of the plurality of fuel gas combustion apparatuses is defined as Q1 and an air amount of the pre-combustion air to be mixed with the high-caloric fuel gas, supplied from the fuel gas combustion apparatuses, is defined as Q2, a total air amount (Q1+Q2) is 1.02 to 1.10 times more than a theoretical air amount QS required for combustion, and a ratio of Q2/(Q1+Q2) is 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignees: Chiyoda Corporation, Nippon Furnace Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoyuki Mikuriya, Toshiaki Yoshioka, Ryoichi Kawabata, Eiji Watanabe, Nobuhiro Onda, Takeo Nikkuni, Shuhei Wakamatsu, Susumu Mochida, Tadahiro Araake, Hiroyuki Nakamura
  • Patent number: 8360770
    Abstract: The present invention provides fuel saving systems. Fuel consumption can be reduced by 5% to 40% or more by pre-combustion heating the fuels. The heat exhaust of a combustion chamber can be used to heat a heat transfer fluid, which exchanges heat with the incoming fuel stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Yenbu Makine Sanayi Ve Ticaret A.S.
    Inventors: Arif Canacik, Ahmet Donmez
  • Publication number: 20120298093
    Abstract: A high efficiency stove has a chamber attached to a base. The chamber is liquid tight and holds liquid fuel such as alcohol within. At least one heat conductor is provided to capture heat and redirect it back into the fuel to increase the gasification process required for combustion. This heat is normally lost in conventional stoves. This greatly increases the efficiency of the stove and allows small size stoves to have a heat output superior to conventional stoves. In one embodiment, removable heat conductors are used to adjust heat output. In another embodiment an adjustment sleeve is used that effectively changes the height of the chamber to adjust output. Another embodiment utilizes an outer sleeve that rotates to open and close at least one airflow opening provided for that purpose. One embodiment includes cooking support legs that allows a user to use a pot or pan.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Inventor: Charles A. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20120216539
    Abstract: A boiler system for producing steam from water includes a plurality of serially arranged oxy fuel boilers. Each boiler has an inlet in flow communication with a plurality of tubes. The tubes of each boiler form at least one water wall. Each of the boilers is configured to substantially prevent the introduction of air. Each boiler includes an oxy fuel combustion system including an oxygen supply for supplying oxygen having a purity of greater than 21 percent, a carbon based fuel supply for supplying a carbon based fuel and at least one oxy-fuel burner system for feeding the oxygen and the carbon based fuel into its respective boiler in a near stoichiometric proportion. The oxy fuel system is configured to limit an excess of either the oxygen or the carbon based fuel to a predetermined tolerance. The boiler tubes of each boiler are configured for direct, radiant energy exposure for energy transfer. Each of the boilers is independent of each of the other boilers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Publication date: August 30, 2012
    Applicant: Jupiter Oxygen Corporation
    Inventors: Brian R. Patrick, Tom L. Ochs, Danylo B. Oryschyn, Cathy A. Summers
  • Publication number: 20120208140
    Abstract: An air heating device includes two closed conduits, one conduit for the flow of the air supply to a combustion furnace and the other for the flow of exhaust gas from a combustion furnace to a flue. The conduits pass through and around each other multiple times in an interweaving pattern such that the entirety of either conduit is almost completely surrounded by the other conduit, to maximize contact area and thermal energy transfer between the conduits relative to the device size and no use of small tubes or passageways. The shapes and pattern of the two conduits resembling the appearance of a sine wave and cosine wave drawn on the same x axis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2012
    Publication date: August 16, 2012
    Applicant: INVENTION MIND, SP. Z.O.O.
    Inventors: Stanislaw ROSZKOWSKI, Bartosz ROSZKOWSKI
  • Patent number: 8226405
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a full time regenerative type single radiant tube burner. The full time regenerative type single radiant tube burner includes a radiant tube type burner; a regenerating unit that regenerates exhaust gas heat generated from the burner and is used for preheating the intake combustion air; and an intake and exhaust switching device that passes the intake air and the exhaust gas to the regenerating unit and heat-exchanges them and simultaneously progresses the intake and exhaust processes of the burner to perform the full time combustion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Sang Keun Dong, Je Bok Yang, Eun Kyeong Lee
  • Publication number: 20120160142
    Abstract: A method of selective catalytic NOX reduction in a power boiler and a power boiler with selective catalytic NOX reduction. Fuel is combusted in a furnace of the boiler and a flue gas stream that includes NOX is generated. The flue gas stream is conducted from the furnace along a flue gas channel to a stack. The flue gas stream is cooled in a heat recovery area, including an economizer section, arranged in the flue gas channel. At least a portion of the NOX is reduced to N2 in an NOX catalyst arranged in the flue gas channel downstream of the economizer section. The flue gas is further cooled, and heated air is generated in a gas-to-air heater arranged in the flue gas channel downstream of the economizer section and upstream of the NOX catalyst. The gas-to-air heater may be a tubular air heater or a heat exchanger with a recirculating heat transfer fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: FOSTER WHEELER NORTH AMERICA CORP.
    Inventors: David Greenhut, John Elston, Michael Mazzolla, Alfred Edwards
  • Publication number: 20120164588
    Abstract: An exemplary embodiment provides a regenerative burner apparatus. The apparatus includes a burner housing having a gas channel and a single-stage heat regenerator equipped with a housing enclosing a fluid-porous heat regenerative media bed. A first gas passageway in the housing directly interconnects the gas channel and the lower surface of the media bed. A second gas passageway in the housing interconnects an opening in the housing communicating with the exterior and the upper surface of the media bed. This arrangement allows hot waste combustion gases to pass upwardly through the media bed so that any condensable contaminant in the gases condenses to a liquid and flows out of the bed under gravity before becoming solid and clogging the bed. The liquid contaminant may then be removed from the regenerator from a position below the media bed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Inventor: Edwin L. RAUCH
  • Publication number: 20120111320
    Abstract: A radiant tube heater with a burner assembly, a radiant tube assembly and a combustion air pre-heater, wherein the burner assembly comprises: a burner fuel nozzle; a plenum chamber and a pre-mixer chamber; the plenum chamber having a combustion air inlet; wherein in use: combustion air flows from said plenum chamber through an orifice to said pre-mixer where said air, is mixed with burner fuel entering said pre-mixer through said nozzle prior to being combusted at a burner head; said pre-mixer being at least partly located within said radiant tube assembly; and where in use at least part of the combustion air supplied to said plenum is preheated in said air pre-heater using residual sensible heat of the hot combustion gas products of the heater.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2012
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: THOMAS & BETTS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Glyn Wilfred TURNER, Lee Brian Herbert
  • Publication number: 20120064465
    Abstract: A combustion apparatus is described having a generally elongated combustion container with a longitudinal axis, a proximal end, an exhaust end spaced axially forward from the proximal end, a proximal end wall, an exhaust end wall, and an all-around sidewall extending between the end walls and about the longitudinal axis. The end walls and sidewall substantially define a combustion chamber. The apparatus also includes a combustion chamber exhaust positioned on the exhaust end, a fuel-air delivery system positioned to direct fuel into the combustion chamber, and an air inlet located generally tangentially on the sidewall to direct air flow generally tangentially into the chamber and induce swirl about the longitudinal axis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: General Vortex Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Anatoli Borissov, Vladimir Shtern
  • Publication number: 20120060728
    Abstract: A combustion system comprising a burner and a combustion chamber, is connected by way of a line to a membrane unit having a high-temperature membrane for extracting the combustion oxygen from the air, the membrane unit having a feed line for a flushing gas on the permeate side. The combustion system further comprises a circulation element for recirculated flue gas, a heat exchanger being disposed upstream of the membrane unit inside the flue gas line. Disclosed is a method for operating this combustion system, in which carbon-containing fuel is burned in an oxygen-flue gas atmosphere, and in which the oxygen for combustion is produced from air by means of a membrane unit comprising a high-temperature membrane, and in which the flue gas is in part recirculated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2010
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Inventors: Jewgeni Nazarko, Ernst Riensche, Reinhard Menzer, Wilhelm Albert Meulenberg, Stefan Baumann
  • Patent number: 8105076
    Abstract: A radiant tube heater with a burner assembly, a radiant tube assembly and a combustion air pre-heater; wherein the burner assembly comprises: a burner fuel nozzle; a plenum chamber and a pre-mixer chamber; the plenum chamber having a combustion air inlet; wherein in use: combustion air flows from said plenum chamber through an orifice to said pre-mixer where said air is mixed with burner fuel entering said pre-mixer through said nozzle prior to being combusted at a burner head; said pre-mixer being at least partly located within said radiant tube assembly; and where in use at least part of the combustion air supplied to said plenum is preheated in said air pre-heater using residual sensible heat of the hot combustion gas products of the heater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: Thomas & Betts International, Inc.
    Inventors: Glyn Wilfred Turner, Lee Brian Herbert
  • Publication number: 20110271881
    Abstract: A method of preparing an oxidant stream comprising: burning a combustion mixture comprising (a) one or more fuel composition and (b) oxidant comprising a first oxygen content of about 10 mole % or more and a first carbon dioxide (CO2) gas content of about 68 mole % or more on a dry basis, the burning producing a flue gas comprising CO2 gas, water vapor, and unreacted oxygen; separating from the flue gas a recycle stream; mixing at least a portion of the recycle stream having a first pressure with a sufficient amount of an oxygen stream having a second pressure which is sufficiently higher than the first pressure to entrain at least a portion of the recycle stream in the oxidant stream and to produce the oxidant stream having a second oxygen content of 10 mole % or more and a second CO2 gas content of about 68 mole % or more on a dry basis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2011
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Applicant: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Walter Farman FARMAYAN, Abu Saeed JAMALUDDIN, Mahendra L. JOSHI, Scott Lee WELLINGTON
  • Publication number: 20110250551
    Abstract: A regenerative oxidant heater internal arrangement, including a system and method for use thereof, utilizing a unique recycle oxy-combustion methodology which includes at least two primary combustion oxidant sectors placed adjacent to both the flue gas side as well as a secondary oxidant sector positioned between the two primary sectors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2010
    Publication date: October 13, 2011
    Inventor: Dennis K. MCDONALD