Geology Patents (Class 434/299)
  • Publication number: 20150104776
    Abstract: A kit of components to form a model of geological processes is presented. The kit contains a first foam component defining a first concave internal surface, a convex first exterior surface, and a first locking surface therebetween. An upper member defines an aperture that accepts a reaction chamber. The reaction can be a PET bottle configured to hold reaction components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventor: William E. Ohlsson, JR.
  • Publication number: 20130143191
    Abstract: A soil behavior simulator is provided that includes a particle recirculation system configured to flow particulate material along an agricultural implement blade, and a drive unit configured to drive the agricultural implement blade in rotation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2012
    Publication date: June 6, 2013
    Applicant: CNH America LLC
    Inventor: CNH America LLC
  • Publication number: 20130029303
    Abstract: A teaching system comprising a visual aid printed on at least one side of a sheet material, a modeling implement, and an access indicia for connecting a user to remote resource materials. The visual aid may include at least one illustrated side containing information about a scientific theory, describing origins, descriptions, mechanisms, and evidence of the scientific theory. The modeling implement may be a die cutting tool having a tessellated array of cells in a panel, wherein each cell shares a portion of its border with an adjacent cell, and a die cutting edge extending from one side of the panel. The combination may be used as an efficient and interesting teaching aid in a variety of settings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2012
    Publication date: January 31, 2013
    Inventors: Eric E. Simanek, Zachary Mohammad Abid, Nicholas Bigham, Kevin Scott Chatley, Sandra Bichanh-Tran Dang, Abigail Rose Moore, Katelyn Elizabath Poole, Thomas Purgett, Erika Sue Zimmerman
  • Patent number: 8202096
    Abstract: An educational tool for teaching students may include a tarp portion, an inflatable being positioned on the tarp portion, the inflatable portion including a first end section positioned on a first end of the inflatable portion, a river section connected to the first end section, a middle section connected to the river section, and a second end section connected to the middle section. The river section may include a top river section and a bottom river section, and the top river section may be independently inflatable with respect to the bottom river section. The first end section may include a first contour portion, and the middle section may include a second contour portion. The second end section may include a third contour portion to cooperate with the second contour portion, and the second end section may include a fourth contour portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: Trinity Science Solutions LLC
    Inventor: Laurie Boone Henry
  • Publication number: 20090317782
    Abstract: An educational tool for teaching students may include a tarp portion, an inflatable being positioned on the tarp portion, the inflatable portion including a first end section positioned on a first end of the inflatable portion, a river section connected to the first end section, a middle section connected to the river section, and a second end section connected to the middle section. The river section may include a top river section and a bottom river section, and the top river section may be independently inflatable with respect to the bottom river section. The first end section may include a first contour portion, and the middle section may include a second contour portion. The second end section may include a third contour portion to cooperate with the second contour portion, and the second end section may include a fourth contour portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Publication date: December 24, 2009
    Inventor: Laurie Boone Henry
  • Patent number: 7597559
    Abstract: A method and a device for imitating an artificial geyser that are simple and inexpensive in realization. The artificial geyser device comprises a sealed container located preferably underground in a shallow recess and filled with water. The container is provided with a heater for heating water to the level of boiling and with a common discharge pipe, one end of which is located in the container and can be adjusted with regard to the level of water while the opposite end extends to the atmosphere in the form of an eruption pipe with a supersonic nozzle on the output end. The common discharge pipe passes over the open ends of the U-shaped pipe arrangement. The device has a group of valves that selectively may change the direction of the eruption flow for passing to the atmosphere only through the common discharge pipe, only through the U-shaped arrangement, or through both simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2009
    Inventor: Alexander Shteinberg
  • Patent number: 7334797
    Abstract: A deck of specially designed cards used to teach the rock cycle though easy to play games. The deck contains cards with the titles of various rock types along with the names and pictures of specific rocks that fit into each type. The cards are color-coded to aid in differentiation between types. The deck also contains cards that indicate the processes by which one rock type is changed into another. Colored squares on these cards that coincide with the color-coded rock cards reinforce the written explanation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2008
    Inventor: Leanne Thomas
  • Patent number: 6763311
    Abstract: A calculating device and method provided for a shaking test apparatus for carrying out a shaking test on a structure by using a partial structure and a numerical model which is virtually connected to the partial structure. The calculating device includes a calculation part which identifies a vibration model corresponding to the partial structure on the basis of displacement and reaction force detected in response to shaking and which combines the vibration model and the numerical model with each other to construct a model of the overall system corresponding to the structure and calculates the shaking response of the overall system model.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahiko Inoue, Toshihiko Horiuchi, Yasuyuki Momoi, Takao Konno, Wataru Yamagishi
  • Publication number: 20030148252
    Abstract: Systems and methods for teaching subjects related to the collection and preparation of collectible samples, such as fossils. In one exemplary embodiment, a mobile quarry, or “dig” is provided where students may collect samples, recreating the experience of fieldwork. Instruction on the collection of samples may be given during collection. A student may take a collected sample to a provided learning center, or preparation laboratory, is provided to prepare the sample for study or display. Instruction on the preparation of the sample and what may be learned from the sample may be provided at the same time.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2002
    Publication date: August 7, 2003
    Inventor: Jacqueline Drecksel
  • Publication number: 20030148251
    Abstract: Systems and methods for teaching subjects related to the collection and preparation of collectible samples, such as fossils. In one exemplary embodiment, a quarry, or “dig” is provided where students may collect samples, recreating the experience of fieldwork. Instruction on the collection of samples may be given during collection. A student may take a collected sample to a provided learning center, or preparation laboratory, is provided to prepare the sample for study or display. Instruction on the preparation of the sample and what may be learned from the sample may be provided at the same time.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2002
    Publication date: August 7, 2003
    Inventor: Jacqueline Drecksel
  • Patent number: 5954517
    Abstract: An interactive sand box or sand table for use in tactical training includes an automated control system and image generator so that infinitely variable visual images may be projected onto the contoured surface of the sand for training and preparation for action in the military field and disaster control, industrial planning, environmental protection, and similar situations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Bernd Hagenlocher
    Inventor: Bernd Hagenlocher
  • Patent number: 5692945
    Abstract: A toy is disclosed for producing a simulated eruption. The toy comprises a container having a first chamber for holding a predetermined quantity of a first reagent and a second chamber for holding a predetermined quantity of a second reagent. The second chamber communicates with an upstanding convergent nozzle terminating at its upper end in an orifice opening to the exterior of the container. When the sidewalls defining the first chamber are squeezed, a portion of the first reagent held therein is forced through a connecting tube into the second chamber, where the first regent reacts with the second reagent to produce gaseous products. The elevated pressure thereby created within the second chamber causes the reagent mixture to be ejected from the nozzle orifice at high velocity. The toy may additionally comprise a simulated volcano landscape having a eruption tube depending from the volcano crater which receives at its lower end the tip of the nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1997
    Assignee: Educational Design, Inc.
    Inventors: Caleb E. Crowell, George Hom, Laura Patterson
  • Patent number: 5653592
    Abstract: Apparatus for modeling the sediment transport characteristics of a selected ection of a river or the like includes an elevated inclined platform adapted to receive an insert representing a scaled model of the section of river to be studied and a water source for delivering water containing a simulated sediment to the model. As the water flows over the model, the sediment is transported so as to simulate the sedimentary characteristics of the modeled portion of the river. The apparatus is provided with a function generator which allows the water to be delivered to the model in accordance with a specified hydrograph and is also provided with a sliding digital micrometer survey system which allows accurate surveys to be taken at selected increments along the model. Method for modeling the sediment transport characteristics of a river is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1997
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Robert D. Davinroy
  • Patent number: 5551881
    Abstract: A method and system for using sonography to image the internal structure of geophysical and geologic models are disclosed. The sonography system includes a wand having a plurality of piezoelectric elements at an active surface thereof, each coupled to driver/receiver circuitry. Certain of the piezoelectric elements are selected as ultrasonic sources and receivers; the source/receiver designation may vary over time, as each of the elements may either generate or receive acoustic energy. A computer system, connected to the wand, receives signals from the receivers corresponding to reflected and refracted ultrasonic energy, and generates a zero offset trace image therefrom. In the geophysical case, the scale model is formed of materials such as plastics and rubbers having the desired properties for simulating the response of a portion or layer in the earth to ultrasonic vibrations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1996
    Assignee: Atlantic Richfield Company
    Inventors: Gerald J. Henderson, Peter C. Johnson, Lawrence B. Sullivan
  • Patent number: 5466157
    Abstract: A method of forming a scale model for simulation of a seismic survey is disclosed. The model includes layers which are formed by way of stereolithography or similar methods, from a CAD data base; the precision of the formation of the layers allows for construction of the model without adhesives between all layers for structural integrity of the model, although adhesive or a wetting agent may be used, depending upon the desired simulation experiment. The model also includes molded layers which are poured, injected, or otherwise introduced in liquid form. The liquid may then be solidified, or may remain in liquid form, depending upon the survey. These molded layers may be made into the prefabricated layers where appropriate, or during the process of constructing the model. Simulation of the survey may be made by imparting acoustic energy thereinto and detecting the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Atlantic Richfield Company
    Inventors: Gerald J. Henderson, Peter C. Johnson, Lawrence B. Sullivan
  • Patent number: 5451164
    Abstract: A method and system for using sonography to image the internal structure of geophysical and geologic models are disclosed. The sonography system includes a wand having a plurality of piezoelectric elements at an active surface thereof, each coupled to driver/receiver circuitry. Certain of the piezoelectric elements are selected as ultrasonic sources and receivers; the source/receiver designation may vary over time, as each of the elements may either generate or receive acoustic energy. A computer system, connected to the wand, receives signals from the receivers corresponding to reflected and refracted ultrasonic energy, and generates a zero offset trace image therefrom. In the geophysical case, the scale model is formed of materials such as plastics and rubbers having the desired properties for simulating the response of a portion or layer in the earth to ultrasonic vibrations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1995
    Assignee: Atlantic Richfield Company
    Inventors: Gerald J. Henderson, Peter C. Johnson, Lawrence B. Sullivan
  • Patent number: 4343475
    Abstract: A game device including a generally horizontally disposed building board of wood or other rigid material having a hole in one portion of the surface thereof which communicates with a downwardly inclined tubular member in the form of a tunnel having transverse ridges in the lower surface thereof. A plurality of building blocks of wood or other material are provided in order to construct a toy block building on the building board and heavy metal balls are provided for rolling movement through the tube or tunnel with engagement of the heavy ball with the ridges causing the building board to shake and also to produce a noise to simulate the conditions which exist during an earthquake. The blocks are optionally interconnected by pins to produce an earthquake-proof building, a spinner is provided to control operation of the game and picture puzzles are provided on opposite sides of the building blocks, thus enabling multiple games to be played.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1982
    Inventor: Irvin S. Stader
  • Patent number: 4323281
    Abstract: A method of developing, mining and restoring a mining property having one or more mineral bearing rock seams is provided. Three-dimensional topographic control data, mineral bearing rock seam location data, water flow data, and overburden stratification and constituency data are collected and a topographic map of the mine property is prepared. An access road is located on the map to the mineral bearing rock seams and various environmental control facilities, topsoil storage areas and overburden disposal sites are identified and located on the map. Next, the mining operations are broken into sequential phases and placed on the topographic map. Mining of the seam material is then accomplished by sequential phases. After completing the first phase, each succeeding sequential phase is completed. During each succeeding sequential phase, a portion of the mine property in the preceeding phase is preferably restored.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1982
    Assignee: Eavenson, Auchmuty & Greenwald
    Inventors: Edward H. Greenwald, Sr., Edward H. Greenwald, Jr., Frederick R. Bonci