Sculpture Or Craft Involving Manual Carving Or Shaping Patents (Class 434/82)
  • Patent number: 9687752
    Abstract: A sculpting kit is provided that allows individuals with a means to sculpt a three-dimensional object. Components which form the armature of the three-dimensional object may be adfixed to a planar surface as two-dimensional elements. The sculptured object may be prepared by using the kit to lay down successive layers of structures in a pre-arranged fashion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Inventors: Gayle W. Clark, Brian J. Mahan
  • Publication number: 20150017610
    Abstract: A process for creating three-dimensional art using coffee filters in a way that creates texture, depth, and form to make a relief sculpture or decorative collage. The process includes applying color to paper coffee filters and folding the paper coffee filters to produce artistic effects.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventor: Ashley SHEFFLER
  • Patent number: 8721337
    Abstract: System, method, and computer program product are provided for using real-time video analysis, such as AR or the like to assist the user of mobile devices with landscape design. Through the use of real-time vision object recognition objects, logos, artwork, products, locations, and other features that can be recognized in the real-time video stream can be matched to data associated with such to assist the user with selecting the proper landscape elements for the area the user wishes to landscape. The proper landscape elements may be based off of several factors regarding the landscape area. These factors include natural characteristics of the area, such as soil type, weather, sun/shade, natural terrain of the area, etc. This invention provides recommended landscape elements for an area, such that the recommended landscape elements have a high rate of success in the area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Bank Of America Corporation
    Inventors: Matthew A. Calman, Erik Stephen Ross
  • Publication number: 20140080101
    Abstract: A kit comprises a plurality of printed message cards, a plurality of envelopes, a plurality of sheets of material each from which an instance of an origami structure can be formed, and an article having instructions thereon for creating the instance of the origami structure using one of the sheets of material. Each one of the envelopes has a space for receiving one of the printed message cards.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2012
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventors: David Odell Simmons, David Lloyd Simmons
  • Patent number: 8465337
    Abstract: A kit and method for creating a 3-dimensional toy includes a battery powered light, a container filled with a light curable polymer and one or more molds into which the light curable polymer is inserted. Optimal the kit may also include one or more sheets of transparent material to which the light curable polymer does not adhere and coloring which can be added to the light curable polymer. The method of forming a the 3-dimensional toy involves obtaining a mold, dispensing a light curable polymer into the mold; and then curing the polymer by applying light in the visible or near visible range to the polymer via a battery powered light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Inventors: Anthony R. Eisenhut, Eric D. Eisenhut
  • Publication number: 20130137067
    Abstract: A method of expression includes exhibiting a sculpture which embodies a living organism. The sculpture has several different components which are representative of parts and processes which are need to support the life and growth of a living organism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
    Inventor: Robert ST. CROIX
  • Publication number: 20110171613
    Abstract: A square, flat sheet of flexible, plastic material onto which 12 predetermined, scored fold-lines are administered so that the device can be manipulated and folded to create numerous sculptural forms and shapes, repeatedly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2010
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Inventor: Thomas K. Burks
  • Publication number: 20110008757
    Abstract: A stress reliever and method of using it according to certain embodiments of the invention may include a box, a mat, modeling clay, clay modeling tools, and modeling inspiration cards.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2010
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Inventors: Holly Jo Lindroth, Cinnamon Johnston
  • Patent number: 7862399
    Abstract: Described are novel armature kits, constructions and elements, providing increased flexibility in design and ease of use. In one aspect, inventive armatures include adaptations to isolate the tensioning of ball-and-socket joints occurring at either end of a motion segment. In other aspects, inventive armatures and kits include uniquely shaped plates, providing interchangeability among chest and hip areas of a human form. Novel threaded and tie-down armature elements are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Inventor: Scott Culpepper
  • Publication number: 20090068621
    Abstract: An activity kit including an assembly sheet with a drawing provided thereon and a strip of color paper. The kit further includes instructions instructing a user to cut the strip of color paper into smaller pieces and adhere the cut pieces onto the drawing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2007
    Publication date: March 12, 2009
    Inventor: Toni M. Schulken
  • Patent number: 7255564
    Abstract: An anatomical pocket model adapted for transporting in one's pocket or the like comprises a flexible, bendable, framework and a flexible, bendable three-dimensional representation of an anatomical body part positioned thereon. The anatomical body part representation is proportionate in size to a real life anatomical body part and facilitates a hands-on educational and demonstrational environment for both doctor and patient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignee: Innovative Premiums, Inc.
    Inventor: Judah Isaacs
  • Patent number: 7121196
    Abstract: A device creating patterns on greeting cards and the like has at least one stencil for applying a pattern onto a flat surface. A stencil holder that has securing elements for securing the at least one stencil in a predetermined position relative to the stencil holder is provided. The stencil holder also has elements for positively securing the surface of the article onto which the pattern is to be applied relative to the stencil holder. The elements for securing the surface of the article are in the form of a recess that provides a positive securing action for the surface of the article alone or in combination with an adapter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2006
    Inventor: Horst Mellis
  • Publication number: 20040037976
    Abstract: A manufacture resembling a natural oyster on the half-shell comprising an oyster half-shell having a painted artificial oyster fixed therein. The oyster is painted with a certain set of colors in a particular order to thereby create the coloring and appearance of a natural oyster. The shell is preferably a natural oyster shell having an oyster cavity on an interior surface thereof. The artificial is preferably formed from hot glue. A coating of cream, tan, dark brown, and metallic bronze colored paints cover an outer surface of the artificial oyster, such that portions of the various paints are exposed. Splotches of white and black paint are preferably applied in order to mimic the eye region of a natural oyster. A coating of clear coat covers the painted artificial oyster to thereby give the artificial oyster a wet, translucent appearance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2002
    Publication date: February 26, 2004
    Inventor: Patrick J. Kennair,
  • Patent number: 6251525
    Abstract: An article comprising an intaglio three-dimensional solid molded sculpture as an accurate model of an actual subject having selected features at least one of which is proportionally modified to have a proportion: ratio other than the proportion:ratio of the corresponding selected feature of the actual subject of 1:1 taken as a measurement ratio. Observation of the sculpture, under illumination, by a moving observer evoke, to said observer, a virtual illusory solid appearing reproduction of the actual subject, the modified feature of which appears to follow the moving observer. The preferred modification of the proportion:ratio being 1.3:1; the preferred range being between 0.8:1 and 1.8:1 as a measurement ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Inventor: Peter Yau
  • Patent number: 5967786
    Abstract: A pattern cutting apparatus for paper margin, is characterized by having a plurality of lower mold holes of perforate pattern disposed in alignment and paralleled to the distal end of a cutting space, and guide mold holes sharing the common shape with the lower mold holes disposed on a protruding portion of a guide mold board positioned in spaced parallel relationship above said lower mold holes for inserting an upper mold body sharing the common shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Inventor: Shun-Yi Wang
  • Patent number: 5954561
    Abstract: A play material container includes a base having an interior cavity, a sidewall and a cookie-cutter edge defining a predetermined shape. A lid is configured to be snap-fitted upon the base to provide container closure. An extrusion die is formed in the container base sidewall which is capped by a resiliently supported cap secured to the container lid. The container lid defines an upper surface supporting a plurality of open face press molds. The cookie-cutter shape, the press mold elements, and the extrusion die aperture are preferably coordinated in accordance with a common theme such as a food article or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Mattel, Inc.
    Inventor: Gregory M. Cannone
  • Patent number: 5776560
    Abstract: A plurality of building members and a plurality of sheet members for connection thereof are provided. Each of the plurality of building members includes a main body portion and a coupling portion to be fitted on an end of the main body portion. One of the ends of the main body portion and the coupling portion is provided with a small diameter portion and the other of them is provided with a hole for receiving the small diameter portion. Each of the sheet members has a plurality of openings for passing the small diameter portion therethrough. The small diameter portion is passed through the opening of the sheet member and inserted into the hole to sandwich the coupling sheet member between the main body portion and the coupling portion to thereby fasten the building member comprised of the main body portion and the coupling portion to the coupling sheet member. In this way, a desired ornamental article can be created.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1998
    Inventors: Mituru Kori, Masako Kori
  • Patent number: 5763102
    Abstract: A sculpture provided with a concavity carrying a relief negative impression of a formation representing a true object, the formation having selected features of proportion:ratio selectively of height:width, of length:width and of depth:width different (1.3:1) compared to the corresponding proportion:ratio of the true object as 1:1. Observing the sculpture under a light source while moving provides a three-dimensional virtual illusion where the sculpture appears to move in the direction of movement of the observer, like following the observer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1998
    Inventor: Peter Yau
  • Patent number: 5741140
    Abstract: An adjustable armature assembly device is disclosed where the assembled armature may be adjusted rotationally and longitudinally during figure modeling when a sculptor desires to alter the original figure composition and size. In addition, a means for detaching sections of a work during and after the sculpting process is disclosed. An embodiment of the invention comprises a plurality of appendage members, of hand and feet members, a torso member, a head member and inner surface threaded or unthreaded tubular sleeve segments used to assemble, adjust and disassemble armature appendages. Also, the head member is adjusted rotationally and longitudinally and can be removed by screw means and the armature is removed from a support structure by screw means using a threaded connector segment so that no unwanted armature protrusion extends from a completed work of art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1998
    Inventor: Kent L. Bristol
  • Patent number: 5720614
    Abstract: A structure modeling device for the creation of sand figures, including sand castles, that provide structural stability to the resulting figures and aesthetic enhancement. The main structural member includes a central body member and at least two fin members extending outwardly therefrom at an angle so that sand is cooperatively received and its weight directed downwardly to enhance the interlocking engagement with abutting members. Other structural members permit a user to form diverse building shapes, such as columns or cones. All of these members have fin members that hold sand or other granular material and direct its weight downwardly through the engagement means in order to enhance the stability of the resulting figure or structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1998
    Inventor: Domingo Pestano
  • Patent number: 5562927
    Abstract: There is disclosed a soap forming toy including a shaving mechanism for removing thin leafs or small pieces from an existing piece of solid soap. The thin leafs of solid soap are then mixed with water to produce a paste-like soap material. The paste-like soap material is then molded into a variety of appealing shapes to produce new bars of soap of interest to the child. The cavity of each of the molds is made from a soft resin which includes a mold release oil to simplify removing the new bar of soap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1996
    Assignee: Tomy Company Ltd.
    Inventors: Rumi Masuda, Yuji Yamane
  • Patent number: 5511472
    Abstract: Embossing apparatus for artists and hobbyist including a stencil component having one or more cut-outs of designs to be embossed into a piece of paper and a guide component with identical cut-outs and alignment means for aligning like cut-outs of the two components when a piece of paper to be embossed overlays the stencil component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1996
    Inventor: Nancy R. Taylor
  • Patent number: 5447584
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of constructing an arts and crafts project using a water soluble composition of low density to make a plurality of child-safe articles. The invention is used for forming toys or construction materials for use in playing a game, constructing arts and crafts projects, or used as building blocks. The composition of the articles used in the invented method preferably comprises a matrix principally made from a food starch supplemented with polyalkylene glycol or a derivative thereof. Alternatively, the composition used in the invented method may also comprise a mixture of a grain, a biodegradable binding agent and water. The composition can be extruded in a sheet-like form, with the sheets being cut and bonded together through the application of water to create an art project. By applying water or moisture, the pieces formed by the invented method can be easily bonded together to create the desired article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 5, 1995
    Assignee: Creative Capers Entertainment, Inc.
    Inventors: Terry A. Shakespeare, David A. Molina, Gwendolyn S. Shakespeare
  • Patent number: 5436038
    Abstract: A sculpture is provided having cuts extending from an exterior surface to an internal position. The cuts are then smoothed using a solvent and simultaneously dyed with an appropriate pigment. The resulting internal faces exhibit both reflectivity and translucency depending on the illumination and viewing angles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Inventor: Michael Gelb
  • Patent number: 5374190
    Abstract: A wax craft product which comprises a bendable extruded rod of wax having a textured surface is provided. The textured surface enables the rod of wax to adhere to itself and to other surfaces when the rod of wax is pressed into contact with itself and other surfaces. The wax comprises petroleum-derived paraffins, microcrystalline waxes, and hydrocarbon resins. In an alternative embodiment, the wax craft product comprises a bendable extruded rod of wax having a coating which has adhesive properties. In this embodiment, the adhesive coating enables the rod of wax to adhere to itself and to other surfaces when the rod of wax is pressed into contact with itself and other surfaces. As with the textured rod of wax, the wax comprises petroleum-derived paraffins, microcrystalline waxes, and hydrocarbon resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1994
    Assignee: The Chenille Kraft Company
    Inventors: Paul E. Brokaw, Patrick W. Brown, John R. Nottingham
  • Patent number: 5358763
    Abstract: A spider-like decorative structure comprising a main bag member having a filling therein, and made of flexible material. A plurality of elongated bag-like tubular members, each having a filling material therein, are arranged adjacent the main bag member at spaced apart locations around the periphery of the main bag member so as to extend from the main bag member. The main bag member simulates the appearance of a body portion of the spider-like decorative object, and the leg members simulate the appearance of legs of the spider-like decorative object. The legs may be connected to the main bag member at the portions which are adjacent the main bag member, and the free ends of the legs are preferably connected to the ground or other support structure for the spider-like decorative object. A support member is provided for raising an articulated intermediate portion of each of the leg members to further simulate the appearance of bent legs of a spider-like decorative object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1994
    Assignee: Sun Hill Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Benson Zinbarg
  • Patent number: 5344358
    Abstract: A doll includes a dress having at least a portion thereof formed of a multi-layered embossible fabric having a malleable layer such as metal foil or the like together with one or more soft flexible layers such as cloth fabric bonded together to form a readily formable and crimpable fabric. An embossing tool used in combination with the doll and the embossible fabric includes a pair of movable jaws hingedly coupled each defining a corresponding embossing raised portion and mating recess on the inwardly facing portions thereof. The embossing tool is applied to the embossible fabric and used to impart a plurality of raised or recessed embossed designs upon the fabric. The malleable character of the foil layer together with the softness and flexible of the fabric layer permit the embossed designs to be removed by simple smoothing of the fabric for repeated use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1994
    Assignee: Mattel, Inc.
    Inventor: Ellen E. Jantzen
  • Patent number: 5174757
    Abstract: An interactive sculptural composition comprising a support member and at least one design member matingly attached thereto. The support member defines a plurality of parallel channels and possesses a multiplicity of projections arranged into rows parallel to the channels with at least one row of projections being present between each adjacent channel. The design member is matingly attached to the support member by either: (1) inserting at least one of the projections of the support member through a hole in the design member or (2) inserting a first edge of the design member into a first channel of the support member and inserting a second edge of the design member into a second, adjacent channel of the support member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1992
    Assignee: Delaware Art Museum
    Inventor: Lial A. Jones
  • Patent number: 5171151
    Abstract: A generally circular floating base includes a support surface for receiving a quantity of soap foam to form a sculpted foam body. A plurality of lightweight play elements having different shapes and configurations are partially embedded by the child user within the foam body to enhance the appearance of the sculpted foam and provide a variety of appearance functions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Assignee: Mattel, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark J. Barthold
  • Patent number: 5171614
    Abstract: A method of forming a dry, three dimensional block of sculptable material preferably involves the steps of painting the grains of a granular material, allowing the painted grains to dry, mixing a water resistant binder with the painted grains to form a slurry and hardening the slurry to form the block. The amount of binder added is selected to provide a block with a hardness between about 0.25 and 4.0 on the Mohs scale. The formed block has a wide variety of uses, including but not limited to use as a sculptable article, a sanding object, a sign or as a paving stone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Assignee: Sandee Craft, Inc.
    Inventor: Barry Keith
  • Patent number: 5090910
    Abstract: A mutable three-dimensional facial display system is provided, constructed with a plurality of molded components constructed of a rubbery polymer or plastic material, and chosen to resemble the texture of human skin. Each component includes at least one defined structural edge which mates with adjacent components. Various alternatively shaped components are provided for each primary region of the facial display, so that seven classic face shapes and numerous hybrid variations thereof may be recreated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1992
    Inventor: Jeanie R. Narlo
  • Patent number: 5088598
    Abstract: A plastic-model kit having a plurality of components containing at least one die sheet for molding having cavities therein and at least one thermoplastic resin having a low softening temperature, the die sheet and the thermoplastic resin being packed together in a unitary package. The thermoplastic resin can be softened, by dipping in hot water, for example, at about C. to C., and the softened resin can be cast by hand or by a simple tool into the cavities on or through the molding die sheet and then cooled at ordinary temperature (that is, C. to C.) to form various shaped and sized pieces for the plastic-model kit. Ornaments or decorations having a three-dimensional or roughly three-dimensional visuality such as for dolls, human models, animal models, building models, ship models, car models, airplane models, and the like can be assembled from the plastic-model kit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1992
    Assignee: Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Yuji Iguchi
  • Patent number: 5056236
    Abstract: A sculpting device is comprised of a hollow cylindrical tube completely filled with a plurality of fibers which extend parallel to each other and the axis of the tube. The fibers are packed within the tube so as to be frictionally held therein while still permitting selective engagement and pushing of the fibers outwardly of the tube at different distances to provide complementary sculpted surfaces at opposite ends of the bundle of fibers. One or more styluses having different configurations may be provided for pushing the fibers from the tube. The internal surface of the tube may be inwardly tapered at opposite ends thereof to enhance the frictional engagement of the fibers within the tube and the tube may be constructed of two parts to facilitate loading the bundle of fibers within the tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1991
    Inventor: Henry Glass
  • Patent number: 5044957
    Abstract: A set of devices for fabricating a novel, soft, sheet-like colored plastic picture or a product which adheres on a window glass, a tile, or a wall and may be enjoyed as an indoor decoration, or may be utilized as a coaster or a pendant, and a method of fabricating a colored plastic picture or a product with use thereof. The set of devices includes a metal plate (1), colored vinyl chloride resin material (4) in sol state contained in a squeeze tube, and a hot plate (3). After the sol state colored vinyl chloride resin material is extruded from a tube (4) onto a rough sketch (2) drawn on the metal plate (1) of the set of devices, so as to paint the picture (c) (d), the metal plate is put on a hot plate (3) to be heated, so as to gel the colored vinyl chloride resin, and the gelled colored chloride resin is removed from the metal plate after cooling, thereby fabricating the colored plastic picture or product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1991
    Assignee: AIKO Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ikuo Kuranaga
  • Patent number: 5009600
    Abstract: A method of painting a clay body and maintaining a durable, decorative surface finish by providing a barrier film layer between the paint coat layer and the clay body such that the oily substance contained in the clay body is blocked from permeating through the barrier film to adversely affect the paint coat layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1991
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Robert L. DeLaRosa
  • Patent number: 5009599
    Abstract: An apparatus is set forth for the aesthetic assemblage of components including plate members and elongate rods. The plate members include parallel, orthogonal, and angulated side surfaces in containing various apertures therethrough including orthogonally extending apertures relative to the upper and lower surfaces of each plate, angulated apertures oriented non-orthogonally to the upper and lower surfaces of each plate, and blind bores formed in a non-through-extending manner relative to the plates for receiving the respective rods to assemble the various plates and rods in a creative assemblage for educational and creative development of individuals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1991
    Inventor: Timothy T. Mueller
  • Patent number: 4957786
    Abstract: A method of making a doll includes the steps of forming a skirt portion from a substantially circular, flat, formable sheet by cutting three closely spaced substantially parallel radially extending slits in the sheet, forming the main portion of the sheet into a substantially conical configuration, and bending the elongated strips defined by the slits outwardly in opposite directions so that the main portion of the sheet and the bases of the strips define an aperture in the skirt portion. The method further includes the steps of forming a character figure portion including head, neck and body portions, and assembling the character figure portion with the skirt portion so that the body portion is received in the interior of the conical skirt portion and so that the neck portion extends through the aperture in the skirt portion to position the head portion above the skirt portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1990
    Inventor: Lorraine Barboza
  • Patent number: 4908001
    Abstract: A soft latex figure is formed by sculpting clay appendages, making a plaster casting of the appendages, slush molding a colored pre-vulcanized latex replica of the appendage in the plaster mold, wrapping a form or base structure representing the torso with batting, and securing the molded latex appendages in position on the form. Strips of paper toweling saturated with colored pre-vulcanized latex are applied to the form and juncture of the molded latex appendages therewith to form a integral first layer of the outer skin of the figure having the appendages joined thereto. The first layer of the skin is cut or otherwise removed from the form, and stuffed with a quantity of soft fill material of desired density to achieve the desired shape retention characteristics of the figure. Any undesired seams, holes, or openings are sealed by applying more latex saturated paper toweling thereover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 13, 1990
    Inventor: Thomas O. Kopian
  • Patent number: 4891266
    Abstract: A dry, three-dimensional, sculptable solid comprising a quantity of granular material comprising grains individually coated with paint and a water resistant binder binding the grains of the granular material together into a solid, dry, carvable block having a hardness between about 0.25 and about 4.0 on the Moh's scale.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1990
    Inventor: Barry Keith
  • Patent number: 4874676
    Abstract: A piece of sculpture representing an animal having hair includes a rigid body and a plurality of thin, elongated metallic link chain strands attached by a first end of each chain to the body, leaving the second end hanging free and representing hair. A preferred embodiment includes some of the chain links rigidized with solder between adjacent links, which may be in the form of waves, curls or braids. Another preferred embodiment uses lengths of chain that are rolled and diamond cut wherein at least one surface along the length of a chain is a relatively flat reflective surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1989
    Inventors: Ruth E. Miller, Jack V. Miller
  • Patent number: 4867922
    Abstract: A method of making a styling model of a decorative body portion of an automobile. The internal surfaces facing inwardly with respect to the outer body portion of the automobile are machined in a block of machinable foam. Hardenable glass fiber material is layed up on the internal surfaces and hardened. A layer of epoxy based material is applied over the hardened glass fiber material and upon the exterior surface of the foam. The epoxy based material is hardened and the exterior surface is machined to define the exteriorly visible surfaces of the model.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1989
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Giuliano M. Zuccato
  • Patent number: 4863663
    Abstract: The design process for a motor vehicle component part by making drawings of cross sections of the part at spaced intervals along the surface. Cardboard templates are cut to the cross sectional shape of the inside of the part, and mounted on a rigid base at the same spaced intervals as the spaced intervals of the cross sections of the drawings to define a skeletal frame. A sheet material such as cardboard is adhesively bonded to the skeletal frame, to define a rough model of the part. This rough model is then layered with glass fiber and bonding resin and finished to the desired outside finished surface dimension shown on the drawing. This provides a finished model of the part, or the glass fibers and bonding resin build up may be removed from the cardboard to be a prototype part. Furthermore, the model may be used to make a mold from which a number of prototype parts may be made.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 5, 1989
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Pete Nico, Jr., Nicholas A. Vitale
  • Patent number: 4703930
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a game which includes as its components a deck of cards, a bag in which the cards may be placed, a timer, a mat and at least one container of modeling clay. The game is preferably played with four or more players who are divided up into pairs. In order to play the game, players choose a card at random from the bag which card identifies an object or creature. The timer is started and the player must create the object or creature out of the modeling clay within a predetermined time period. If their partner can identify the object so created, that team scores. The game continues until each team has played a predetermined number of times whereupon the team with the most points scored is declared the winner. Other modes of player are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: Paula M. Gilbert
    Inventor: Mark L. Gilbert
  • Patent number: 4674981
    Abstract: Devices for modeling a large variety of forms--such as: humans, primates, monsters, animals, birds, fish, planes, rocket ships, abstract forms and so forth--are disclosed.An embodiment of the present invention comprises a first wire having bends at predetermined positions thereof and further wires affixed to the first wire at predetermined positions thereon. The first wire serves both as part of an armature formed by the first and further wires and as a support for the armature. Further embodiments include a base having an aperture therein. In one such embodiment, the first wire is bent so that a double thickness thereof is removably inserted into the aperture. In another such embodiment, an end of the first wire is removably inserted into the aperture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1987
    Inventor: Nathan P. LaPadura
  • Patent number: 4670070
    Abstract: A method of forming a decorative doll or figurine is disclosed that uses many parts such as the torso, upper and lower arm, upper and lower legs, feet, hands, head and an encasing mask that is placed over the head of the doll. The mask is easily removed from the doll and the single doll can be changed into many by changing the mask style to form a different decorative doll or figurine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1984
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1987
    Inventor: John C. Reed, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4648188
    Abstract: A process for producing three dimensional pictures which begins with a photograph. A mold is first sculptured by affixing a picture of the image in the photograph to a pliable mass such as clay, and then sculpturing the mass using the picture as a guide as to where to place elevations and depressions. Next, the photograph is subjected to steps which result in the removal of the backing, and the lamination of the photograph with the backing removed in plastic. Next a "Vacu-Form" machine is used to heat soften the laminated photograph and then suction pull the combination over the mold. The mold and the photograph are alligned during the pulling step and the result is that the photograph takes on a third dimension which has eleveation and depressions placed as they should be placed by reference to the image in the photograph. The result is an article which retains a third dimension with no need of any supporting materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 10, 1987
    Inventor: June L. Blair
  • Patent number: 4631847
    Abstract: An artistic display is formed of a first layer of a material between a base and a transparent cover layer. The cover layer and base may be of a flexible plastic material, or they may be of a rigid material, such as glass. The first layer has a putty like consistency, and is formed with different color pigments in different areas of the layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1980
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1986
    Inventor: Laurence Colin
  • Patent number: 4600592
    Abstract: A comestible product includes a molded base piece having a series of narrow, slit-like grooves formed therein and configured in a decorative design. A preferably confectionery decorative material is heated until it becomes flowable with a stiff consistency. A tool (such as a toothpick) with a narrow rigid blade is used to scoop the flowable decorative material and insert it into the grooves on the molded base comestible piece. The decorated base piece is then cooled for a short period of time to cause the confectionery material to solidify and become fused with the base piece to form a unitary one-piece construction. A kit used to carry out the foregoing decorating method includes a mold for forming the base comestible piece, and a tool for applying the flowable decorative material to the molded base piece. A plurality of individually associated receptacles hold different colors of the flowable confectionery material during the decorative steps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 15, 1986
    Inventor: Arlene Dobis
  • Patent number: 4578131
    Abstract: A method of creating a three-dimensional sculptured painting, involving the use of a sand and white glue mixture spread over the entire painting canvas, and scored, built-up and sculptured over desired areas of the painting to create not only a physically three-dimensional product, but also providing a significantly enhanced optical three-dimensional effect for the viewer after application of the final paint layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 25, 1986
    Inventor: Floyd A. Hawkins, Jr.
  • Patent number: RE36272
    Abstract: A wax craft product which comprises a bendable extruded rod of wax having a textured surface is provided. The textured surface enables the rod of wax to adhere to itself and to other surfaces when the rod of wax is pressed into contact with itself and other surfaces. The wax comprises petroleum-derived paraffins, microcrystalline waxes, and hydrocarbon resins. In an alternative embodiment, the wax craft product comprises a bendable extruded rod of wax having a coating which has adhesive properties. In this embodiment, the adhesive coating enables the rod of wax to adhere to itself and to other surfaces when the rod of wax is pressed into contact with itself and other surfaces. As with the textured rod of wax, the wax comprises petroleum-derived paraffins, microcrystalline waxes, and hydrocarbon resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: The Chenille Kraft Company
    Inventors: Paul E. Brokaw, Patrick W. Brown, John R. Nottingham