X-ray Irradiation Patents (Class 435/447)
  • Patent number: 8927288
    Abstract: A method for identifying a molecule that binds an irradiated tumor in a subject and molecules identified thereby. The method includes the steps of: (a) exposing a tumor to ionizing radiation; (b) administering to a subject a library of diverse molecules; and (c) isolating from the tumor one or more molecules of the library of diverse molecules, whereby a molecule that binds an irradiated tumor is identified. Also provided are therapeutic and diagnostic methods using targeting ligands that bind an irradiated tumor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Vanderbilt University
    Inventors: Dennis E. Hallahan, Raymond Mernaugh
  • Publication number: 20110294979
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions and methods to identify novel bacteria and metabolites derived therefrom. More specifically, the invention describes a novel method to isolate bacteria producing metabolites of interest from environmental samples. Particularly, the invention discloses a method to select rare antibiotic producing bacteria. The invention can be used from any sample and allows the isolation of bacteria having e.g., pharmaceutical or agrochemical interest.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2010
    Publication date: December 1, 2011
    Inventors: Jean-Paul Leonetti, Stephanie Texier
  • Patent number: 7875454
    Abstract: A method of delivering an active agent to a target tissue, particularly neoplastic tissue, vascular anomaly or tumor tissue, in a vertebrate subject. The method includes the steps of exposing the target tissue to ionizing radiation; and administering a delivery vehicle to the vertebrate subject before, after, during, or combinations thereof, exposing the target tissue to the ionizing radiation. The delivery vehicle includes the active agent and delivers the agent to the target tissue. Representative delivery vehicles include platelets; leukocytes; proteins or peptides which bind activated platelets; antibodies which bind activated platelets; microspheres coated with proteins or peptides which bind activated platelets; liposomes conjugated to proteins or peptides, platelets, or leukocytes which bind activated platelets, or antibodies which bind activated platelets; and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: Vanderbilt University
    Inventor: Dennis E. Hallahan
  • Patent number: 7851771
    Abstract: Petunia explants are irradiated with heavy-ion beams, and the chimeric individuals differentiated from the explants are selected (FSRP method). Then, explants are obtained from the chimeric individuals and subjected to tissue culture, followed by selection of re-differentiated chimeric individuals with stable characters (SSRP method). By these procedures, it becomes possible to create chimeric plants such as variegated petunia efficiently.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Assignee: Riken
    Inventors: Shigeo Yoshida, Tomoko Abe, Yasushige Yano, Nobuhisa Fukunishi, Ken-ichi Suzuki
  • Publication number: 20100311612
    Abstract: The present invention is directed generally to reduction or inactivation of gene function or gene expression in cells in vitro and in multicellular organisms. The invention encompasses methods for mutating cells using a combination of mutagens, particularly wherein at least one mutagen is an insertional mutagen, to achieve homozygous gene mutation or mutation of multiple genes required cumulatively to achieve a phenotype to create knock-outs, knock-downs, and other modifications in the same cell. The invention is also directed to cells (and libraries thereof) and organisms created by the methods of the invention, including those in which at least one of the genes created by insertional mutagenesis is tagged by means of the insertion sequences thereby allowing identification of the mutated gene(s). The invention is also directed to libraries of mutated cells and their uses.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2010
    Publication date: December 9, 2010
    Inventors: John Joseph Harrington, Paul David Jackson, Li Jiang
  • Patent number: 7759121
    Abstract: Yeast cells are mutagenized to obtain desirable mutants. Mutagenesis is mediated by a defective mismatch repair system which can be enhanced using conventional exogenously applied mutagens. Yeast cells with the defective mismatch repair system are hypermutable, but after selection of desired mutant yeast strains, they can be rendered genetically stable by restoring the mismatch repair system to proper functionality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignees: The John Hopkins University, Morphotek, Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas C. Nicolaides, Philip M. Sass, Luigi Grasso, Bert Vogelstein, Kenneth W. Kinzler
  • Patent number: 7259291
    Abstract: A method of enucleating an egg by exposing the egg to gamma irradiation. The dose of gamma irradiation used is sufficiently high to halt development of the egg or embryo derived therefrom directed by the nucleus of the irradiated egg, but sufficiently low to enable development of the egg or embryo directed by a nucleus transferred into the enucleated egg.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2007
    Assignee: Viragen Incorporated
    Inventors: Helen Sang, Adrian Sherman
  • Patent number: 7208317
    Abstract: Cellular libraries useful for in vitro phenotyping and gene mapping. In a representative approach, a method for preparing a homozygous cellular library includes the steps of providing a heterozygous cellular library comprising a plurality of isolated parent cells; inducing site-specific mitotic recombination in the plurality of isolated parent cells; culturing the plurality of isolated parent cells, whereby a population of daughter cells is produced; and selecting daughter cells comprising a homozygous genetic modification, whereby a homozygous cellular library is prepared.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2007
    Assignee: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Inventors: David W. Threadgill, Daekee Lee
  • Patent number: 6835867
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of producing an allelic series of modifications in genes of interest in a cell. In particular, the invention provides methods for using nucleic acid sequence-modifying agents (e.g., chemicals, electromagnetic radiation, etc.) to introduce modifications in any nucleic acid sequence in the genome of a cell. Also provided are sets of cells which contain at least one modification in any gene of interest. The methods and compositions of the invention are useful in determining the function of the gene of interest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2004
    Inventors: Richard P. Woychik, Terry R. Magnuson, Ellis D. Avner, James W. Thomas
  • Patent number: 6713289
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to nucleotide sequences coding for a bacterial enolase enzyme. These sequences may be used in improved methods for the fermentative preparation of amino acids using coryneform bacteria.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: Degussa AG
    Inventors: Bettina Möckel, Walter Pfefferle, Thomas Hermann, Alfred Pühler, Jörn Kalinowski, Brigitte Bathe
  • Patent number: 6696294
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods for generating and identifying mutations in any target gene of a polyploid plant species. In a preferred aspect of the present invention, a plant is constructed and/or selected that has at least one copy of a functional, target gene located exclusively in only one of its homoeologous, or homologous, genomes. Seed derived from the selected plant are then contacted with an effective amount of at least one mutagenic agent, the treated seed are germinated and the seeds or plants derived therefrom, are screened for mutations in the target gene. Thus, the inventive concepts set forth herein can be used to create, select and identify mutations in any target gene of any suitable polyploid plant, thereby providing a source of numerous, readily-identifiable mutations that can, if so desired, be used in crosses to develop unique new crop cultivars.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2004
    Assignee: Northwest Plant Breeding Co.
    Inventor: Calvin F. Konzak
  • Patent number: 6504834
    Abstract: A method of operating a wireless network comprising a plurality of wireless terminals and optionally a base station uses a transmission frame (300) including an association section (310) for use by wireless terminals wishing to join the network. A variable number of association sections (310) is scheduled in response to operating characteristics such as the load on the network or the presence of a high security application on the network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2003
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
    Inventor: Robert Fifield
  • Publication number: 20030004125
    Abstract: A method to regulate the expression of a sequence encoding a gene using ionising radiation, wherein said method comprises the steps of:
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2002
    Publication date: January 2, 2003
    Inventors: David G. Hirst, Tracey Robson, Jenny Isobel Worthington
  • Publication number: 20020031828
    Abstract: A method for adhering and proliferating cell, which comprises the steps of inoculating, culturing and then killing fibroblast derived from a mammal, is provided. A culture vessel manufactured according to the steps of the method which can provide improved adhesion to cell and enhanced cell-proliferation is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2001
    Publication date: March 14, 2002
    Applicant: MENICON CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Nobutaka Yamamoto, Akihisa Sugiyama, Satoshi Kawaminami
  • Patent number: 6093571
    Abstract: A specific gene or DNA can be directly transferred into the pollen of a plant by selectively irradiating the shell of the pollen with ion beams without affecting the cell nucleus and thereafter immersing the irradiated pollen in a solution containing the specific gene or DNA of interest. The shell of the pollen of a plant may be irradiated with ions having a linear energy transfer (LET) of 5-10,000 keV/.mu.m to a controlled depth of ion injection. Hybridizing with pollen into which the specific gene or DNA has been transferred allows the specific gene to be transferred into a fertile embryo, thereby creating a transgenic plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Assignee: Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
    Inventors: Hiroshi Watanabe, Atsushi Tanaka, Masayoshi Inoue
  • Patent number: 6083752
    Abstract: A DNA fragment coding for a decarbamylase protein improved in thermostability as the result of replacement of at least one base of a DNA fragment coding for a decarbamylase protein derived from a microorganism with another base and the resultant replacement of at least one of the corresponding amino acids, and its production process; a vector containing the DNA fragment; a transformant obtained by transformation with the vector; as well as a decarbamylase improved in thermostability and its production process. Also disclosed is a process for producing a D-.alpha.-amino acid, which comprises converting an N-carbamoyl-D-.alpha.-amino acid into the corresponding D-.alpha.-amino acid in an aqueous medium by the action of a decarbamylase having a thermostable temperature of 65.degree. C. or higher; and collecting the D-.alpha.-amino acid produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Kanegafuchi Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Ikenaka, Hirokazu Nanba, Masayuki Takano, Kazuyoshi Yajima, Yukio Yamada, Satomi Takahashi
  • Patent number: D661186
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Inventor: Robert George Snyder