Peat Patents (Class 44/490)
  • Patent number: 10730807
    Abstract: The invention describes an installation, which serves for obtaining humate materials from mineral coal base material, and is provided with raw material depository (1), and a suitable mixer (5) for mixing of the raw material and the reagent, and where a dryer (3) for drying the raw material is attached to the raw material depository, and through a transporter (4) a mixer (5) is attached in order to mix the mineral coal base material with the solid state alkali reagent, furthermore there is a solid alkali feeder equipment (5a) and through a transporter (6) an ozonizing chamber (9) is attached to mixer (5), where the chamber (9) has an ozone inlet hole (78) attached to the ozone generator (8), and there is a mechano-chemical activator (10) attached to the outlet hole (79) of the chamber (9).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Inventor: Friderika Eva Uchrin
  • Patent number: 10662387
    Abstract: An additive used in the production of wood pellets to increase throughput. The additive may be applied as a booster to wood prior to forming the wood into pellets. The booster may comprise 30% to 100% tall oil pitch and 70% to 0% tall oil head and may be applied at a rate of 0.01 to 2 wt. % of the wood.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: ARR-MAZ PRODUCTS, L.P.
    Inventors: Frank Bor-Her Chen, Nabil Naouli, Paul A. Williams, John Suldickas
  • Patent number: 10413722
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a device which may be used to interactively exercise pelvic muscles. This is expected to prevent the need for more intrusive surgical procedures, to improve the life of women and men that suffer from incontinence, to help women strengthen their pelvic muscles after birth to enable subsequent vaginal births rather than caesarean sections. The invention relates to a pelvic muscle exercise monitor that is a suppository/tampon type internal unit that may be placed within either the rectum or the vaginal canal and which sends signals to a remote receiver, typically a smart phone, but possibly a dedicated device or a computer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Inventor: Simona Peled
  • Publication number: 20110099893
    Abstract: Process for treating coal to enhance its rank, wherein the temperature of the material is gradually increased in a controlled set of atmospheres, to allow for the reduction of surface and inherent moisture and the controlled reduction of volatile matter while maintaining the coal's natural structural integrity. The process reduces the time, capitalization, and production costs required to produce coal of enhanced rank, thus substantially increasing the cost effectiveness and production rate over prior processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Publication date: May 5, 2011
    Applicant: Saudi American Minerals Inc.
    Inventor: Larry Hunt
  • Patent number: 7507265
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for producing horticultural or fuel peat, in which the peat is removed from a bog, the removed peat is transferred from the bog to a drying field a distance away, in which the moved peat is dried, mainly by exploiting direct solar energy, so that the peat dries due to the effect of the solar radiation and the wind, after drying, the peat is moved from the drying location to further use or storage. The drying field is a special surfaced field, essentially impermeable to water, created for drying, and the peat is spread on the field as a thin 1-15 cm layer of a high-consistency mass, with a solids content of 8-30%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2009
    Assignee: Vapo Oy
    Inventors: Kari Mutka, Timo Nyrönen
  • Publication number: 20040020107
    Abstract: A method for agglomerating fine particles, involves reacting urea, urea/formaldehyde condensate, a strong inorganic acid, preferably sulfuric acid, and at least one polyfunctional compound chosen from the group consisting of hydroxycarboxylic acids, dicarboxylic acids, and polyols (containing at least two hydroxy groups) in the presence of particles to be agglomerated to form a fine particle agglomerate. Optionally, molasses, p-toluene sulfonic acid, xylene sulfonic acid or resorcinol can be added to the binder solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2002
    Publication date: February 5, 2004
    Inventor: Kevin Chapman
  • Publication number: 20030009931
    Abstract: Process for treating coal to enhance its rank, wherein the temperature of the material is gradually increased in a controlled set of atmospheres, to allow for the reduction of surface and inherent moisture and the controlled reduction of volatile matter while maintaining the coal's natural structural integrity. The process reduces the time, capitalization, and production costs required to produce coal of enhanced rank, thus substantially increasing the cost effectiveness and production rate over prior processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2002
    Publication date: January 16, 2003
    Applicant: Saudi Americal Minerals Inc.
    Inventor: Larry Hunt
  • Patent number: 5972058
    Abstract: The invention relates to a waste sludge treatment process in which a solid additive is mixed into sludge to produce solid products. The solid additive includes aggregate-like hydrophobic grains of peat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1999
    Inventor: Esko Ilmari Torkkeli
  • Patent number: 5759225
    Abstract: Peat moss having water repellency when it is dry is used as culture soil by subjecting it to a water repellency preventing treatment. In addition, a seedling-growing peat board with few germs and impurities, being lightweight and easy to handle, and particularly suitable for use as bed soil of a seed bed, is provided. The culture soil contains peat moss which is water repellent when dry, and a water-absorbing clay adhered to the surface of the peat moss. This is accomplished by treating water to render it absorbable by peat moss, suspending a water-absorbing clay in the treated water, contacting the peat moss with the suspension to absorb the suspension onto the surface of the peat moss, and drying the peat moss.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignees: Tetsuya Tanoshima, Kawasho Corporation
    Inventor: Tetsuya Tanoshima
  • Patent number: 5413618
    Abstract: Organic materials, more particularly wood and woody parts of plants, are intensely crushed, defibrated, heated and physically broken up in a thermal screw press, an impregnation with previously added auxiliary substances being simultaneously effected. The thus prepared material has a peat-like appearance and provides optimal physical, chemical and biological properties for its use as a peat substitute and substrate component. Inter alia, it is suitable as an additive for the physical upgrading of strongly decomposed peat varieties and for drawing out and better aeration of peat and culture substrates produced on the base of peat. When vaccinated with suitable fungi or microorganism, it is also very advantageously used for the mycorrhization of mycotrophic plants and as an additive for the production of high-grade composts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1995
    Assignee: IUP Institut fur Umweltpflege AG
    Inventors: Franz Penningsfeld, Gerhard Baumann
  • Patent number: 5009697
    Abstract: A novel process has been provided for the preparation of both a liquid peat extract substantially-free from biologically-undesirable concentrations of metal elements and compounds, and a solid peat residue substantially-free from biologically-undesirable concentration of metal elements and compounds. The process includes the first step of having specifically-recited physical and chemical properties, to a relatively mild acid hydrolyzation reaction under sterile controlled conditions at superatmospheric pressure at a temperature above the boiling point of water to a maximum elevated temperature of about 130.degree. C. for a time of from about 1 to about 2 hours in an inert container to provide a reacted medium comprising an aqueous liquid peat extract phase and a solid hydrolyzed peat phase dispersed therethrough. The pH of the reaction medium is then adjusted to near neutral. The neutralized reaction medium is removed from the inert container and is pressed and filtered in inert equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1991
    Assignee: Memorial University of Newfoundland
    Inventors: Antonio M. Martin, Peter J. Scott