Three Or More Fabric Layers Patents (Class 442/246)
  • Patent number: 10052796
    Abstract: Woven preforms, for example those used for jet aircraft engine fancases, may need additional stiffeners to improve the strength and/or dynamic performance of the preform assembly, as well as to serve as attachment points. The present invention describes several improved woven preforms that include circumferential or axial stiffeners, as well as methods of manufacturing the same. One embodiment includes circumferential stiffeners added to a woven preform. Another embodiment includes sub-preforms with integral flanges that combine to make integral stiffeners. A further embodiment includes an intermediate stiffener wrapped onto a base sub-preform wrap, wherein the intermediate stiffener wrap incorporates intermediate stiffeners. Another embodiment incorporates bifurcations in one or more layers of an outermost wrap of a multi-layer fabric composite that forms a preform, wherein the bifurcated outer wrap is folded to form stiffeners that may be oriented circumferentially or axially.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Albany Engineered Composites, Inc.
    Inventor: Jonathan Goering
  • Publication number: 20140363622
    Abstract: A ceramic matrix composite seal is disclosed. The ceramic matrix composite seal including a ceramic matrix and a number of ceramic fiber fabrics embedded in the ceramic matrix. The ceramic matrix composite seal is formed into a strip with a desired geometry such that the seal strip is configured to be assembled with a number of components to create a seal between the components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2013
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventor: Andrew J. Lazur
  • Patent number: 8846553
    Abstract: An integrally woven three-dimensional preform with stiffeners in two or more directions constructed from a woven fabric having a first, second and optional third woven fabric layer. A plurality of yarns are interwoven over a region between the first and second fabric layers such that the first fabric layer is foldable relative to the second fabric layer. An additional plurality of yarns are interwoven over a region between the second and third fabric layers such that the third fabric layer is foldable relative to the second fabric layer. Upon folding of the woven fabric layers, the integrally woven three-dimensional preform with stiffeners in two or more directions is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Albany Engineered Composites, Inc.
    Inventor: Jonathan Goering
  • Patent number: 8722166
    Abstract: Presented herein is a safety device for use by first responders and search and rescue teams (e.g., rescue personnel). In one arrangement, the device allows for safely extricating occupants from vehicle wreckage. In one arrangement, the safety device may be adhered to glass to permit breaking and removal of such glass without harming the occupants of the vehicle. In another arrangement, the safety device may be utilized to adhere over and cover sharp edges, which may cause injury to rescue personnel and/or victims during removal from a vehicle or other wreckage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Protecto Wrap Company
    Inventor: John R. Hopkins
  • Patent number: 8703632
    Abstract: Building board for use as a carrier for a surface cladding of ceramic tiles, a stucco, or a thin-layer trowel mortar, on or in buildings, in which on a moisture-resistant and moisture-sealed foam-material core layer, there is glued on both sides a water-resistant paper web or thin plastic web, onto which webs in each case a web of nonwoven fabric or of a knitted or loom-knitted woven fabric is glued.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Schlueter-Systems KG
    Inventor: Werner Schlueter
  • Patent number: 8623774
    Abstract: A printing blanket construction is provided which includes a reinforcing fabric ply comprised of a weft insertion fabric or a heavy gauge fabric, where the reinforcing fabric ply provides all of the necessary tensioning properties to the blanket. The use of the reinforcing fabric ply eliminates the need for additional reinforcing fabric plies in the blanket construction, and provides high tensile strength, low stretch, and resistance to gauge loss.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Day International, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph L. Byers, W. Toriran Flint, Samuel R. Shuman, Tony W. Koons
  • Patent number: 8575046
    Abstract: A SMC sheet includes: a sheet material body made of a resin compound containing uncured thermosetting resin; and a fiber sheet embedded as an intermediate layer in the sheet material body and impregnated with the thermosetting resin of the sheet material body. Short fiber is distributed on at least one side of the fiber sheet in the sheet material body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignees: Daikyonishikawa Corporation, National University Corporation Kyoto Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Nobuyoshi Kajioka, Hiroyuki Hamada, Asami Nakai
  • Patent number: 8535784
    Abstract: One embodiment of a composite part comprises a curved elongated section comprising a plurality of stacked reinforcement layers. The stacked reinforcement layers in the curved elongated section comprise at least one of non-continuous woven fabric and non-continuous reinforcement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Donald C. Darrow, Michael R. Anderson, Michael A. Lee, Kurtis S. Willden
  • Publication number: 20130183508
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a method comprises calendering an elastomeric material into an elastomeric layer having a thickness that is more uniform than the elastomeric material prior to the calendaring. After calendaring, the elastomeric layer is vulcanized to a composite shim comprising at least one reinforcement layer and at least one layer of adhesive.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicant: Bell Helicoper Textron Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel P. Sottiaux, Frank B. Stamps, Patrick R. Tisdale, Terry K. Thompson, Loan Thanh Vo
  • Patent number: 8440276
    Abstract: The present invention relates to multidirectionally reinforced fiber preforms that conform easily to complex curvatures, such as, composite turbine fan cases, jet engine containment rings, aircraft fuselage frames, aircraft window frames, and flanged rings for attaching nacelles to aircraft engines. The present invention provides multidirectionally reinforced shape woven preforms with improved strength for composite structures that are axisymmetric as well as non-axisymmetric in nature. The invention is a preform used to reinforce a composite structure which includes a contour woven fabric portion, bi-axially braided, tri-axially braided or bias fabric portion, and/or a polar woven fabric portion, and a method of making thereof. The preform may optionally include a three-dimensionally woven portion. The combination of different forms of fabrics allows the preform to be produced without cutting and darting of the individual plies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Albany Engineered Composites, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald Rose, Jonathan Goering, Steve Biddle
  • Publication number: 20130090029
    Abstract: A first impact dissipating fabric system includes a first fabric layer formed using a first weave pattern, and a second fabric layer formed using a second weave pattern different from the first wave pattern. A second impact dissipating fabric system includes a first fabric layer formed with fibers having a first denier, and a second fabric layer formed with fibers having a second denier different from the first denier. A third impact dissipating fabric includes a first fabric layer formed using a first weave pattern from fibers having a first denier, and a second fabric layer formed using a second weave from fibers having a second denier. The first weave and the second weave are different types of weaves and/or the first denier and the second denier are different from one another. In each system, the first and second fabric layers are disposed on one another and coupled together.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: Matscitechno Licensing Company
    Inventor: Robert A. Vito
  • Publication number: 20130078422
    Abstract: An insulation batt for use in building structures is presented. The insulation batt includes an air flow resistive layer of material provided between portions of insulating material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Inventors: Brandon Dillan Tinianov, Kent Severin Whiting, Frank Warren Bishop, JR.
  • Patent number: 8361911
    Abstract: A weaving method that makes it possible to directly produce three-dimensional structures having two-dimensional walls with corners, without requiring sewing or other joining between two edges. The weave is created by turning weft threads (24) into warp threads to create at least one face. The method is particularly suitable for weaving reinforcing pieces for composite structures such as three-dimensional corner reinforcements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Airbus Operations SAS
    Inventors: Xavier Legrand, Mathieu Piana, Georgi Tsarvarishki, Julien Charles, Philippe Blot, Dominique Guittard
  • Patent number: 8293666
    Abstract: A bonded structure for use in a garment, comprising at least two mutually interbonded interlining fabrics, wherein the interlining fabrics each include warp yarns and weft yarns and wherein the interlining fabrics are next to each other, such that the structure has high shape stability even after repeated washing and drying operations, wherein the warp yarns of the first interlining fabric are at least partly in a parallel arrangement with the warp yarns of a second interlining fabric, or in that part of the warp yarns of a first interlining fabric are oriented at an angle in the range from 45 ° to 90 ° in relation to the warp yarns of a second interlining fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Carl Freudenberg KG
    Inventors: Frank Heiler, Matthias Ley, Peter Grynaeus, Steffen Kremser
  • Patent number: 8293665
    Abstract: An antiballistic article comprising a plurality of fabric layers of fibers with a strength of at least 1100 MPa according to ASTM D-885 is proposed, whereby there are at least two groups of areas with different textile densities within at least one fabric layer. Areas of a first group have a textile density of 8% to 31% according to Walz and areas of a second group have a textile density of 32% to 80% according to Walz.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Teijin Aramid GmbH
    Inventors: Rudiger Hartert, Christian Bottger
  • Patent number: 8287984
    Abstract: The invention concerns an under-roof screen (100) comprising: a first layer (102) produced from a first metallic or metallized material forming a thermal reflection barrier; a second layer (108) produced from a second woven material bonded to the first layer (102); a third layer (106) produced from a third insulating material and bonded to the second layer (108); and a fourth layer (104) produced from a fourth metallic or metallized material forming a thermal reflection barrier and bonded to the third layer (106); the first layer (102) and the second layer (108) being provided with micro-perforations (110) providing permeability to water vapor and impermeability to water and the fourth layer (104) being provided with perforations (112) providing permeability to water vapor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignee: Loda S.A.R.L.
    Inventor: Patrick Grall
  • Patent number: 8247333
    Abstract: A cellular material that can provide a unique combination of properties and characteristics for a variety of applications requiring a cellular solid that possesses one or more of the following characteristics: (1) efficient load support in one or more directions, (2) excellent mechanical impact energy absorption and vibration suppression potential, (3) high convection heat transfer throughout, (4) low pumping requirements for fluid throughput, for example in a second direction orthogonal to one or more load-bearing directions, (5) a substantially linear dependence of the Young's and shear moduli along with the tensile, compressive and shear yield strengths upon relative density (6) a potentially inexpensive textile-based synthetic approach, (7) excellent filtration potential, (8) a high surface area to volume ratio for enhanced activity as a catalyst or catalyst support (9) interconnected, open porosity for device storage, biological tissue in-growth or other functionalities requiring open space, and (10) ext
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: University of Virginia Patent Foundation
    Inventors: David J. Sypeck, Haydn N. G. Wadley
  • Patent number: 8236711
    Abstract: A flexible spike and knife resistant composite incorporating a stack of at least ten consolidated layer groupings. Each layer grouping has a normalized stiffness of less than about 5 g/g/m2 as tested by a modified ASTM Test Method D6828-02 and contains one or two spike resistant textile layers, an adhesive layer, and one or two knife resistant textile layers. The spike resistant textile layers contain a plurality of interlocked yarns or fibers, where the yarns or fibers have a tenacity of about 8 or more grams per denier and the fiber size is less than ten denier per filament. The knife resistant textile layers contain monoaxially drawn fiber elements, where the fiber elements have an aspect ratio of greater than one and have a size greater than 100 denier per filament. The fiber elements of the knife resistant textile layer are bonded to each other or to the spike resistant layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventor: Yunzhang Wang
  • Publication number: 20110312238
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a fabric comprising at least one woven layer and at least one nonwoven layer, wherein the number ratio between the at least one woven layer and the at least one nonwoven layer is in the range of 0.1 to 1. The fabric according to the present invention can particularly be used in the manufacture of ballistic vests, hard and soft armor, stab and knife protection systems, and anti-ballistic systems, and they provide a highly reduction of likelihood of ricochets using such systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2010
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Applicant: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Yves Bader, Nicolas Pont
  • Publication number: 20110312239
    Abstract: A papermaking felt which, in a papermaking machine, has good water squeezing capability (water permeability) and durability with regard to flattening and which also has excellent wet paper web smoothing properties and resistance to fiber loss. The papermaking felt is made by stacking and intertwiningly integrating by needling a substrate, a first batt fiber layer disposed on the wet paper web side of the substrate, and a second batt fiber layer disposed on the machine side of the substrate; wherein the substrate is made from a plurality of reinforcing materials, the reinforcing materials include a spunyarn, and due to the intertwining with a batt fiber layer, the spunyarn is integrated to such a degree that the yarn shape disappears.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2010
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Applicant: ICHIKAWA CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hirofumi Ishii, Yasuhiko Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8058191
    Abstract: A multilayer ceramic matrix composite structure is disclosed. The ceramic matrix composite structure may include a three-dimensional weave fabric forming a core layer. The ceramic matrix composite structure may also include a two-dimensional weave fabric attached to an outer top surface of the three-dimensional weave fabric such that the two-dimensional weave fabric forms a top layer, and a two-dimensional weave fabric attached to an outer bottom surface of the three-dimensional weave fabric generally opposite to the outer top surface such that the two-dimensional weave fabric forms a bottom layer. The structure may include increased interlaminar shear strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: Siemens Energy, Inc.
    Inventor: Christian X. Campbell
  • Patent number: 8057878
    Abstract: A waterproof, insulated multi-layer fabric structure is described, including a first and second layer to bound an interior volume. A baffle layer is located in the bounded volume and undulates between the first layer and second layer. The baffle layer is directly attached to the first layer. Adhesive tape portions are attached to the second layer to eliminate the need of stitching through the second layer, improving the structure's waterproof qualities. The baffle layer is attached to the adhesive tape portions which extend from the second layer. A method for manufacturing the multi-layer structure is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: BHA Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Alfred Lo, Taher Abujoudeh
  • Patent number: 8043678
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a radome which has excellent transmission loss of radio waves and structural strength, which can be easily produced, and which has favorable workability, and a method of producing the same. The radome includes an olefin woven material and a glass cloth, in which the olefin woven material and the glass cloth are impregnated with a matrix resin to be integrated with each other, and the glass cloth is disposed closer to an inner side of the radome than the olefin woven material. As the olefin woven material, a woven material formed of an ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene fiber can be used. As the matrix resin, an epoxy resin, a vinyl ester resin, an unsaturated polyester resin, or a silicone resin can be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Shigeru Utsumi, Muneo Murakami, Kimihiro Kaneko, Teruhiko Kumada
  • Publication number: 20110189914
    Abstract: A ballistic material system for tactical body armor comprises utilizing novel fabric structure with less than all of the fabric layers having the same level of scoured and water repel treated finish. This improved structure can be symmetrical or unsymmetrical, and can include water repel treated finish level in the range of 0% to 99%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2011
    Publication date: August 4, 2011
    Inventor: Joe KRUMMEL
  • Patent number: 7964520
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to an integrally woven three-dimensional preform with at least one sidewall in at least one direction constructed from a woven base fabric comprising two or more layers, and a method of forming thereof. A plurality of fibers in a first direction is interwoven between at least the top layer and a second layer, such that top layer is foldable relative to the other layers and form, upon folding, an integral sidewall. A plurality of fibers may also be interwoven between the second-from-the-top layer and a second layer, such that the second-from-the-top layer is foldable relative to the other layers, upon folding, form a second integral sidewall perpendicular to the first integral sidewall. The preform may optionally comprise a plurality of non-integral sidewalls formed by folding portions of the topmost layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Albany Engineered Composites, Inc.
    Inventor: Jonathan Goering
  • Publication number: 20100327243
    Abstract: A woven structure includes at least two woven walls (11, 12) connected to one another by at least one unattached binding thread (13). The variation of the length between two consecutive sinkers of the at least one binding thread (13), each of the sinkers corresponding to a riser by a weft thread of a different wall (11, 12), is continuous on at least one portion of the structure in the direction of the warp and/or in the direction of the weft. This structure can be applied to the fields of aviation, shipping, household furnishings, and automobiles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2009
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Applicant: ETS A. DESCHAMPS ET FILS
    Inventor: Georges-Paul Deschamps
  • Publication number: 20100291824
    Abstract: A fabric for use in the production of nonwoven material webs comprises at least one component system of monofilament polymeric yarns in each of the machine and cross-machine directions. At least some of the yarns of at least one system comprise surface roughened yarns having a substantially flat surface exposed in the web-contacting surface, with a surface roughness between 5 ?m and 100 ?m. The fabric can be woven, optionally including conductive yarns in either or both of the machine or cross-machine directions. The fabric can also be a spiral link construction comprising coils of helically assembled yarns, at least some of which will be surface roughened yarns; surface roughened stuffer yarns can also be provided within the coils. The fabrics have increased resistance to contamination by materials deposited during web formation and improved web release.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2008
    Publication date: November 18, 2010
    Applicant: ASTENJOHNSON, INC.
    Inventors: Ralph Roemer, Michael Bodnar, Lucia Ravoiu, Scott Brydges, Francois Ayotte
  • Publication number: 20100178827
    Abstract: A roofing underlayment comprising a top layer, a bottom layer and a water-sealing composition layer positioned between the top layer and the bottom layer wherein the water-sealing composition consists essentially of at least 80 weight % of a copolymer of ethylene and at least one comonomer selected from the group consisting of alkyl acrylate, alkyl methacrylate and vinyl acetate is disclosed. The top and bottom layers independently comprise a fabric selected from the group consisting of nonwoven polypropylene, nonwoven polyethylene, nonwoven polyethylene terephthalate, woven polypropylene, woven polyethylene, spunbond polypropylene, and spunbond polyester. The roofing underlayment may optionally comprise additional layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2009
    Publication date: July 15, 2010
    Applicant: E.I.DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Hwee Tatz Thai, Han IL Lee
  • Publication number: 20100167007
    Abstract: An integrally woven three-dimensional preform with stiffeners in two or more directions constructed from a woven fabric having a first, second and optional third woven fabric layer. A plurality of yarns are interwoven over a region between the first and second fabric layers such that the first fabric layer is foldable relative to the second fabric layer. An additional plurality of yarns are interwoven over a region between the second and third fabric layers such that the third fabric layer is foldable relative to the second fabric layer. Upon folding of the woven fabric layers, the integrally woven three-dimensional preform with stiffeners in two or more directions is formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2008
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Inventor: Jonathan Goering
  • Patent number: 7713893
    Abstract: An integrally woven three-dimensional preform with stiffeners in two directions constructed from a woven base fabric having first, second and third woven fabrics. A plurality of yarns are interwoven over a region between the first and second fabrics such that the first fabric is foldable relative to the second fabric. An additional plurality of yarns are interwoven over a region between the second and third fabrics such that the third fabric is foldable relative to the second fabric. Upon folding of the woven base fabric, the integrally woven three-dimensional preform with stiffeners in two directions is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: Albany Engineered Composites, Inc.
    Inventor: Jonathan Goering
  • Publication number: 20090286443
    Abstract: A printing blanket construction is provided which includes a reinforcing fabric ply comprised of a weft insertion fabric or a heavy gauge fabric, where the reinforcing fabric ply provides all of the necessary tensioning properties to the blanket. The use of the reinforcing fabric ply eliminates the need for additional reinforcing fabric plies in the blanket construction, and provides high tensile strength, low stretch, and resistance to gauge loss.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2009
    Publication date: November 19, 2009
    Applicant: DAY INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Joseph L. Byers, W. Toriran Flint, Samuel R. Shuman, Tony W. Koons
  • Publication number: 20090239434
    Abstract: A method of producing a fiber-reinforced carbide-ceramic component includes producing a carbonaceous article from at least one unidirectional tape by pyrolysis, infiltrating the carbonaceous article with carbide former, and coating the at least one unidirectional tape with a coating material being volatile in pyrolysis and/or providing the at least one unidirectional tape with a transverse thread system including transverse threads composed of a material being volatile in pyrolysis. A fiber-reinforced carbide ceramic component is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2009
    Publication date: September 24, 2009
    Applicants: SGL CARBON AG, DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT- UND RAUMFAHRT E. V.
    Inventors: Bodo Benitsch, Bernhard Heidenreich, Christian Zuber
  • Patent number: 7582074
    Abstract: An absorbent article including a cover layer, a barrier layer and an absorbent layer arranged between the cover layer and the barrier layer, the absorbent article being drapeable and possessing the absorbency attributes required of a sanitary napkin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2009
    Assignee: McNeil-PPC, Inc.
    Inventors: Leonard G. Rosenfeld, Theresa Wysocki, Morris Yang, Marina Nikitina, John Poccia
  • Publication number: 20090184505
    Abstract: A seam construction for a woven fabric for an OPW airbag, in particular for person restraint systems, which seam construction is characterized by a weaving seam having a single-layer region which is surrounded by an at least two-layer region, the individual layers of which have in each case a looser woven structure than the single-layer region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2007
    Publication date: July 23, 2009
    Applicant: ITG Automotive Safety Texiles GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Becker, Thomas Eschbach, Andreas Enderlein
  • Patent number: 7560400
    Abstract: A radome comprising flexible composite fabric material including polyester-polyarylate fibers in a flexible resin matrix material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2009
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Marvin I. Fredberg, Peter H. Sheahan, Sharon A. Elsworth, Kaichang Chang
  • Patent number: 7358202
    Abstract: An infusion fabric includes a mat selected from a group consisting of continuous filament mat, direct chopped mat, direct continuous mat and combinations thereof and a woven roving or bonded reinforcement layer. The mat and woven roving reinforcement layer are stitched together. The continuous filament mat includes E-glass and/or ECR-glass fibers, a binder and a size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2008
    Assignee: OCV Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: David R. Hartman, Matthew W. Dunn
  • Patent number: 7241709
    Abstract: The present invention relates to penetration resistant life protection articles, including spike penetration resistant life protection articles, and preferably spike and ballistic projectile penetration resistant life protection articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2007
    Assignee: E. I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Minshon J. Chiou, Larry John Prickett
  • Patent number: 7196025
    Abstract: A method for forming a material having an individually stabilized ply includes providing a ply having a non-orthogonal orientation. A stabilizing agent is then applied to maintain the orientation of the ply. The stabilizing agent could alternately be applied before forming the ply. The ply may be woven in a non-orthogonal orientation, or may have its orientation changed to the final non-orthogonal orientation. Changing may occur over multiple steps and may include using an accumulator and/or payout station to change the orientation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2007
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation
    Inventors: Katherine M. Sahlin, Michael P. Cushman
  • Patent number: 7192895
    Abstract: This invention relates to a papermaking felt which makes it possible to increase the proportion of the base body thereby preventing flattening without costing extra production man-hour, and to maintain the functions such as the water drainage, wet paper smoothening capability, and wet paper web transport capability throughout its entire use period. The papermaking felt is composed of a base body and a batt fiber layer, characterized in that one or more thicknesses of endless base bodies are disposed on the felt back-face side and one or more thicknesses of open-ended base bodies is annularly wound not less than one turn on the felt front-face side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2007
    Assignee: Ichikawa Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yoshiaki Ito
  • Patent number: 7153792
    Abstract: A flexible composite includes a ply having a non-orthogonal orientation. The flexible composite may be a component of a flexible assembly. The flexible assembly may be any number of fabric-based assemblies such as a radome cover of a radome, a belt for an industrial machine, an expanision joint to connect ducts of a factory, and/or a roof or skylight of a structure (notably permanent structures). The ply may be individually stabilized by a stabilizing agent such as a matrix material. The ply may be woven and may include warp yarns and fill yarns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2006
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation
    Inventors: Katherine M. Sahlin, Michael P. Cushman
  • Patent number: 6955999
    Abstract: Composite textile material for protecting the human body against heat, essential comprising an outer zone providing a leakproofing function, an intermediate zone in which a flow of air circulates, and an inner zone allowing mass and heat to be transferred into the intermediate zone, the material being characterized in that it is constituted by a three-dimensional cloth (1, 3, 4) having one fabric (1) of hydrophobic cloth constituting the outer zone, and having its other fabric (4) in the form of a woven cloth or a knit of hydrophilic fibers and constituting the inner zone, the two fabrics (1, 4) being interconnected by link threads (5) enabling the intermediate zone to exist.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2005
    Assignee: Manufacture de Vetements
    Inventor: Philippe Boye
  • Patent number: 6900146
    Abstract: The present invention contemplates a method of forming a textile laminate or composite fabric from a plurality of woven fabric layers, with the method contemplating use of a three-dimensional image transfer device to facilitate efficient and commercially viable use of the method. Herein is disclosed a method of forming an imaged textile laminate or composite compound fabric, the fabric having a first textile fabric layer comprising a plurality of interwoven warp and weft yarns and at least one other textile fabric layer, the lamination of the fabric layers and imaging of the construct occurring on a three-dimensional image transfer device. The image transfer device has a foraminous, image-forming surface comprising a regular pattern of three-dimensional surface elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2005
    Assignee: Polymer Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Samuel Keith Black, Charles Keith Curtis, Shane James Moran
  • Patent number: 6899701
    Abstract: Highly efficient absorbent articles for wearing by a human female such as sanitary napkins, panty liners, and adult incontinence pads. In use, the absorbent articles preferably maintain contact with and cover at least a portion of the inside surfaces of the wearer's labia, the exterior surfaces of the wearer's labia, and the supporting garment. The absorbent articles are highly flexible, having flexure resistance of less than or equal to about 100 grams. The absorbent may be flat or cup-shaped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2005
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Jerry Edward Carstens, Letha Margie Hines, Nicholas Albert Ahr, Diane Dunn Farris, Nona Jane Redwine, Deborah Catherine Schmitz, Cynthia Lee Alvis, John Richard Noel, Ronald Ray McFall, Thomas Ward Osborn, III
  • Patent number: 6867155
    Abstract: A multiplayer composite doctor blade has a side edge configured for application to the surface of a rotating roll in a paper making machine. The doctor blade has an inner core and intermediate layers preferably enclosed by outer layers. The inner core is predominantly polymeric material. The intermediate layers on opposite sides of the core include reinforcing fibers. The side edge of the doctor blade has an abrasiveness as measured by ASTM test method D5181-91 of between about 4.0 to 5.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2005
    Assignee: Kadant Web Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Allen J. Brauns, Stacey L. Jackson
  • Patent number: 6846758
    Abstract: Woven fabric laminates having superior resistance to penetration by ballistic projectiles, assemblies thereof, and the method by which they are made. In one embodiment, among others, a laminate of the invention is comprised of a fabric woven from a high strength, high modulus yarn, a surface coating of a low modulus elastomer and a plastic film bonded to its elastomer-coated surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Ashok Bhatnagar, Chok Bin C. Tan
  • Patent number: 6841492
    Abstract: Bi-directional and multi-axial fabrics, fabric composites, ballistically resistant assemblies thereof, and the methods by which they are made. The fabrics are comprised of sets of strong, substantially parallel, unidirectional yarns lying in parallel planes, one above the other, with the direction of the yarns in a given plane rotated at an angle to the direction of the yarns in adjacent planes; and one or more sets of yarns having lower strength and higher elongation interleaved with the strong yarns. The fabrics of the invention provide superior ballistic effectiveness compared to ordinary woven and knitted fabrics but retain the ease of manufacture on conventional looms and knitting machines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Ashok Bhatnagar, Elizabeth Stroud Parrish
  • Publication number: 20040219851
    Abstract: A flexible composite includes a ply having a non-orthogonal orientation. The flexible composite may be a component of a flexible assembly. The flexible assembly may be any number of fabric-based assemblies such as a radome cover of a radome, a belt for an industrial machine, an expanision joint to connect ducts of a factory, and/or a roof or skylight of a structure (notably permanent structures). The ply may be individually stabilized by a stabilizing agent such as a matrix material. The ply may be woven and may include warp yarns and fill yarns.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2004
    Publication date: November 4, 2004
    Applicant: Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation
    Inventors: Katherine M. Sahlin, Michael P. Cushman
  • Publication number: 20040219850
    Abstract: A method for forming a material having an individually stabilized ply includes providing a ply having a non-orthogonal orientation. A stabilizing agent is then applied to maintain the orientation of the ply. The stabilizing agent could alternately be applied before forming the ply. The ply may be woven in a non-orthogonal orientation, or may have its orientation changed to the final non-orthogonal orientation. Changing may occur over multiple steps and may include using an accumulator and/or payout station to change the orientation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2004
    Publication date: November 4, 2004
    Applicant: Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation
    Inventors: Katherine M. Sahlin, Michael P. Cushman
  • Patent number: 6800159
    Abstract: In a method of cutting a cloth of the invention, a cloth woven by warps and wefts is cut at 45 to 55 degrees to divide the cloth into a left-to-right cutting bias portion and a right-to-left cutting bias portion as bias cloths. The left-to-right cutting bias portion has a left-to-right stretching direction, and the right-to-left cutting bias portion has a right-to-left stretching direction. Then, the right-to-left cutting bias portion and the left-to-right cutting bias portion are cut into bias front cloths, bias adhesive core pieces, bias adhesive tapes, and bias linings. By crossing the bias core pieces or the like having the different stretching directions and bonding to a stretchable cloth, a stable stretchability and tension can be given to the stretchable cloth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2004
    Inventor: Mitsuru Itoh
  • Patent number: RE39761
    Abstract: A laminate wall structure which can be used as an exterior wall in manufactured housing and site built construction is made up of a low density layer having a density of from about one-half pound to three pounds per cubic foot, a second, reinforcing layer laminated to the low density layer and, optionally, a cellulosic layer laminated to the second, reinforcing layer. The low density layer is preferably a foamed polymer layer, the second, reinforcing layer is a polymer fabric, a biaxially oriented polymeric film or a fiberglass reinforced material and the cellulosic layer can be impregnated with an adhesive and/or resin in order to strengthen the laminate structure. This laminate wall structure has a low weight and yet is strong enough to meet wind zone wall diaphragm requirements for housing construction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: National Shelter Products, Inc.
    Inventor: John Cahill