Exterior Side Outlet Patents (Class 454/164)
  • Patent number: 10543736
    Abstract: A vehicle cabin pressure relief device is provided having a base layer defining an aperture, a retainer layer disposed on the base layer; and a sealing member. The sealing member further includes a first portion and a second portion extending from the first portion, wherein the second portion of the sealing member is sandwiched between the base layer and the retainer layer. The first portion is also displaceable relative to the base layer, and covers a portion of the aperture in a closed first position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Inventors: Michael James Freeman, Gavin Smith
  • Patent number: 9776472
    Abstract: A body vent protector assembly for a vehicle includes a venting port defined into a body underlying surface on the vehicle and a body vent protector disposed at the venting port for inhibiting undesirable matter from interfering with the venting port. The body vent protector includes a shroud disposed over at least a portion of the venting port and a blocking rib disposed at or adjacent a rear edge of the venting port for blocking the undesirable matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: David Bryant, Jerome Schafer, Andrew T. Goeppner, Keiji Maruyama
  • Patent number: 9321326
    Abstract: A pressure relief valve including a housing that mounts in an aperture in a panel. The housing has a side wall defining an air flow passage. The side wall has a first side wall section at least partially defining the air flow passage. The first side wall section extends at an angle to the panel when the housing is mounted in the aperture in the panel. The first side wall section has an opening extending through the first side wall section. A valve element extends from the first side wall section. The valve element has a closed condition preventing air flow through the opening in the first side wall section and an open condition permitting air flow through the opening in the first side wall section. A louver assembly may be mounted in the aperture in the panel. The louver assembly has at least one louver that directs foreign matter and sound away from the valve element when the valve element is in the closed condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: TRW Automotive U.S. LLC
    Inventor: Daniel D. Carlson
  • Patent number: 9302564
    Abstract: An air extractor is provided for reducing wind throb in a vehicle. The air extractor includes a support having a first opening. A first flap is pivotally mounted to support frame in the first opening. The first flap is displaceable between a fully outwardly open position, a fully inwardly open position and an intermediate closed position. Further, the flap is tuned to a resonance frequency of between 12 and 18 hertz characteristic of the wind throb generated by the vehicle in which the air extractor is mounted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Chris Todter, Bill Gulker, Fei Liu, Yongjian Chen, Artem Poliakov, Scott Clifton, Paul Bremner
  • Patent number: 8986086
    Abstract: An insert (10) for an opening in a base (20) includes a housing (12) having a peripheral side wall (18) defining an interior space (24). The peripheral side wall (18) includes at least one latch member (90) having a latching position. The latch member (90) engages the base (20) to secure the housing (12) in the opening when the latch member (90) is in the latching position. The housing (12) is inserted into the opening in a first direction (A) to engage the latch member (90) with the base (20). At least one indicator (100) shows when the at least one latch member (90) is in the latching position. The indicator (100) is visible in the first direction (A) when the insert (10) is in the opening in the base (20).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: TRW Automotive U.S. LLC
    Inventors: Daniel D. Carlson, Timothy M. Barnes
  • Patent number: 8955236
    Abstract: A device for removing liquid from a part of a vehicle, the liquid removal device including an intake (11) for receiving matter containing gaseous component and non-gaseous components, a separator (14) for separating the gaseous and non gaseous components of matter entering the inlet (11), and an outlet (9, 10) for directing a gaseous component of the matter leaving the separator (14) towards the part of the vehicle from which liquid is to be removed, so as to remove liquid therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Inventor: Gregory Keyes
  • Patent number: 8616944
    Abstract: A pressure relief valve for relieving air pressure from an automotive vehicle interior. The pressure relief valve mounts on a valve mounting location that surrounds a body opening and includes flexible interleaved flaps and a securing mechanism. The flaps cover the body opening, with each of the flaps being generally triangular in shape and having an outer end adjacent to the valve mounting location and a pair of sides extending from the outer end inward to an inner corner, with the inner corners meeting to form a peak. The interleaved flaps form a generally pyramidal-shape that angles away from the automotive vehicle interior as the interleaved flaps extend inward from the outer ends toward the peak. The securing mechanism is secured to the radially outer ends of the flaps and to the valve mounting location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Kimberly A. Chambo, Marc J. Tahnoose
  • Publication number: 20130303068
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure are generally directed to a system for supplying fresh air to the aft compartment of a vehicle, such as a heavy-duty vehicle. The fresh air is not conditioned by heating or cooling prior to providing the fresh air to the cab.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2012
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Applicant: PACCAR INC
    Inventors: Gregory S. Hall, Richard Lo
  • Publication number: 20130288587
    Abstract: A cabin exhaust device for ventilating a vehicle, the cabin exhaust device comprising a vehicle cabin ventilating panel including an inner surface, an outer surface, a top side mountable to a window frame of the vehicle, a bottom side, and one of a first portion and both the first portion and a second portion. At least one aperture is disposed in one of the first portion and the second portion, facing outwardly away from the outer surface. The at least one aperture extends from the outer surface to the inner surface. At least a first air dam is disposed along the vehicle cabin ventilating panel adjacent to one of the first and the second portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventor: Bradley McClary
  • Patent number: 7972204
    Abstract: A vehicle door seal venting system is provided for venting air trapped in the seal gap between two or more spaced environmental seals. As the vehicle door transitions to a closed position, the seals engage between the vehicle door and vehicle body door opening, acting to closeout the seal gap. The compression of the seal gap as the door further closes results in pressurization of the trapped air, which then acts to resist closure of the vehicle door, therefore requiring that additional closure force be applied to fully close the door. The vehicle door seal venting system relieves the pressurized air from between the seals without compromising the integrity of the seals or overall noise and sealing performance of the door system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Dominic S. Pupillo, James J. Karlavage, Paul R. Meernik, Yih-Chyun Sheu
  • Publication number: 20100216384
    Abstract: An air extractor assembly for an automotive vehicle is disclosed which has first and second air extractor valves mounted in a body panel. The first air extractor valve opens when pressure within the passenger compartment at a first pressure differential and the second air extractor valve opens at a second higher pressure differential. The second flap has a weight, which by virtue of gravity, resists opening. The weight can be a magnetic strip that is attracted to a ferrometallic and/or magnetic strip applied around the second aperture. By providing air extractor valves which open at different pressure differences, only the first air extractor valve opens when the pressure difference is in a lower range thereby limiting noise transmission into the passenger compartment. When a car door is shut and/or the climate control system is operating at maximum, the pressure difference is greater causing both extractor valves to open.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2009
    Publication date: August 26, 2010
    Inventors: Kevin Lee McCarthy, Shiva Gumate
  • Patent number: 7556559
    Abstract: A control and pressure relief valve for relieving pressure from an automotive vehicle interior to an atmospheric pressure outside the vehicle interior in accordance with the present invention includes a valve mounting location having an inlet in fluid communication with the vehicle interior and an outlet selectively in fluid communication with the atmospheric pressure. At least one relief valve mounted on the valve mounting location allows air to flow from the vehicle interior to atmospheric pressure when the air pressure in the vehicle interior exceeds a first predetermined pressure value that is greater than the atmospheric pressure. At least one control valve mounted on the valve mounting location allows air to flow from the vehicle interior to the atmospheric pressure when an air pressure in the vehicle interior exceeds a second predetermined pressure value that is greater than the atmospheric pressure and less than the first predetermined pressure value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Alejandro Garza Rivera, John J Mascarello, Christopher L Fulton
  • Publication number: 20090111371
    Abstract: An exhauster baffle is provided that may be used to prohibit fluid flow through a cavity except when a pressure on one side of the exhauster baffle is greater than a pressure on another side of the exhauster baffle. The exhauster baffle includes a body portion defining an opening, a sealer disposed on the body portion, and a flap disposed over the opening for regulating fluid flow through the opening. In one embodiment, the flap exposes the opening of the body portion to allow fluid to flow through the cavity when the pressure on one side of the exhauster baffle greater than the pressure on another side of the baffle to equalize pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2007
    Publication date: April 30, 2009
    Inventors: Michael C. Niezur, Robert B. Davis
  • Patent number: 7517280
    Abstract: An air duct assembly for a vehicle heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system includes a first duct member having a pair of opposed side walls, an upper wall and a lower wall, a front wall, a rear wall and a central passageway. A second duct member is operatively attached to the first duct member, and includes a plurality of integrally formed chambers. Each chamber has a pair of opposed side walls, an upper wall and a lower wall interconnecting the sidewalls, a front wall and a rear wall and a central passageway extending between an opening in the front wall and an opening in the upper wall. A door member is disposed between the first duct member and the second duct member. The door member includes a plurality of flaps that control the flow of air through the second duct member and the first duct member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2009
    Assignee: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert A. McConnell, Stefan Young
  • Publication number: 20090088064
    Abstract: A motor vehicle air cooling method and system in which electric fans are installed in the rear side of a motor vehicle to draw hot air out of the inside space of the motor vehicle so as to cause negative pressure in the motor vehicle for sucking outside cooling air into the inside of the motor vehicle to have the pressure inside the motor vehicle be in balance with the pressure outside the motor vehicle and to simultaneously lower the temperature in the motor vehicle after an air conditioner ventilation panel of the motor vehicle has been set in an outer loop status.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2007
    Publication date: April 2, 2009
    Inventor: Chien-Erh Lin
  • Publication number: 20090088065
    Abstract: An air extraction apparatus for automotive vehicles opens an air flow path through the passenger compartment of the vehicle when wind throb conditions are sensed in the operation of the vehicle. The air extraction opening is located in a rear facing surface of the vehicle and is covered by a closure member that is movable by an actuator to selectively open the air extraction opening. The air extraction opening can be variable in cross-sectional area through the operation of the closure member to vary the rate of air flowing through the passenger compartment. The actuator is operatively coupled to a sensor that can sense wind throb conditions to affect an automatic opening of the air extraction opening. Wind throb conditions can be the existence of a single open window coupled with a minimum operating speed, or a threshold interior air pressure within the passenger compartment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2007
    Publication date: April 2, 2009
    Inventors: Timothy Alan Mouch, Richard Ara Jeryan
  • Publication number: 20090088062
    Abstract: A battery pack cooling and body pressure relief system for a vehicle having a passenger cabin is disclosed. The system may include an intake air flow duct connected between the passenger cabin and the battery pack, and an air flow duct connected between the exhaust air outlet and the body pressure relief valve. The system may include a one-way cabin pressure relief vent connected to the air flow duct and configured to selectively allow for air flow into the air flow duct, and may include a duct pressure relief vent connected to the air flow duct and configured to selectively allow for air flow out of the air flow duct into the vehicle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2007
    Publication date: April 2, 2009
    Inventors: Gregory A. Major, Christopher C. Nyeholt
  • Patent number: 7503843
    Abstract: An orientation-independent compartment pressure relief valve comprises a housing with a throughflow channel having an intake and an exhaust. A flange disposed around the inner wall of said housing defines an aperture within the throughflow channel and sealing flap is secured to the flange sealingly covering said aperture. Sealing flap is comprised of a relatively pliable layer and a relatively rigid layer and is oriented such that relatively pliable layer is in contact with flange. Pliable layer allows sealing flap to flexibly open in response to compartment pressure and rigid layer acts to close sealing flap irrespective of pressure relief valve's orientation in relation to a gravity vector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: CGR Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard C. Wilmoth
  • Publication number: 20080115989
    Abstract: The diesel engine vehicle has a passenger area, and a substantially vertically oriented ventilated chamber separate from the passenger area. The ventilated chamber can be in air flow communication with an engine compartment to evacuate heat therefrom. A heat-emitting exhaust treatment unit can be housed in the ventilated chamber and connected between the diesel engine and an exhaust outlet in an exhaust system of the vehicle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2007
    Publication date: May 22, 2008
    Inventors: Francois MATTE, Marc RIEDL
  • Publication number: 20070238407
    Abstract: A cowl vent for an over-the-road tractor that assists in the evacuation of heated air from the engine bay and an increase in airflow through the engine bay of an over-the-road tractor. Vents are placed in the cowl zone of the truck cab generally below the A-pillar of the cab. The cowl vent is made up of a flange having a leading edge lip and a deflector mounted spaced apart from the lip to create a first port for the exhaust of heated engine bay air. A second port is formed by the deflector at a trailing area of the deflector and heated air will also exit out this second port as well as out the first port.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2007
    Publication date: October 11, 2007
    Inventors: Richard Nottke, Bruce Flaska
  • Patent number: 6981914
    Abstract: A removably insertable rear cabin air vent for installation between the rear side flap and the rear wall of the soft top of an off road or utility vehicle. The vent is inserted and held in place between the rear sidewall flap and the rear of the soft top by any known means such as by sewing and adhesives. Certain soft have a zipper attaching the sidewall flap to the soft top and, have an overlapping flap outside the zipper which is held in place by mutually engaging strips of hook and loop material. The preferred means of attaching the vent is by placing hook and loop material along the outer surfaces of the vent which match with the existing strips in the sidewall flap and soft top, allowing for the removable insertion of the vent between the existing strips of hook and loop material in a desired location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Inventor: Roger L. Veenstra
  • Patent number: 6978634
    Abstract: A vehicle air conditioning apparatus has discharging openings, each of which is disposed near a corresponding one of passenger seats. Accordingly, air discharged from air outlets does not flow so as to concentrate on one discharging opening and instead flows toward the respective discharging openings. Therefore, the air blown from the air outlets is prevented from being mixed, thereby being capable of separately controlling the temperatures of the compartments on the respective passenger seats.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2005
    Assignee: DENSO Corporation
    Inventor: Shinji Aoki
  • Publication number: 20040259493
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is provided for exhausting air from the interior of the occupant compartment of a movable vehicle to protect occupants from undesirable or contaminated air originating within or outside the vehicle. The method incorporates an exhaust system to remove air from the rear of the vehicle while maintaining air flow through the vehicle, preventing air back streaming, and sustaining a relative negative air pressure inside the occupant compartment. The invention prevents the breathing of air contaminated by people or animals being transported in vehicles and can protect occupants from diseases, odors, bio-hazards, and other undesirable or contaminated air in an enclosed compartment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2004
    Publication date: December 23, 2004
    Inventors: Charles Richard Valley, Daniel Edward Crichton
  • Patent number: 6558246
    Abstract: A two-way hingeless ventilator for ventilating an enclosure through a wall thereof has a frame defining an opening therethrough. A closure member is disposed against an outer side of the frame and is alternately swingable relative to the frame between open and closed positions at opposite sides of the opening. A tensioning rod is fixed on the frame and extends between opposite sides of the opening. An actuating member extends from an inner side of the closure member through the opening and intermediate ends of the tensioning rod. A positioning slot is defined in the actuating member through which the tensioning rod passes in a tensioned condition to apply a closing force to the closure member. The positioning slot has a central position defining a closed position of the cover member and opposite side slots extending away from the central position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2003
    Assignee: Salem Vent International, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Kelly, Randy L. Pratt
  • Publication number: 20020164943
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to a pressure relief valve for installation in an opening in a motor vehicle body. In particular, the valve is configured to allow a volume of air to flow therethrough substantially equivalent to the volume of air permitted to flow through the opening if the valve was not installed therein. Furthermore, the valve is formed of flexible material for ease of installation into an opening that is smaller than the interior portion of pressure relief valve.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2002
    Publication date: November 7, 2002
    Inventor: Howard R. Misner
  • Patent number: 6468148
    Abstract: An exhaust ventilator has a frame on which an opening is formed. The frame is composed of a main frame and a flange. Partitions divide the opening of the frame into a plurality of air vents in a matrix manner. Butterfly valves of plate shape have their upper end fixed to the partitions. Lower portions of the butterfly valves are able to open and close the air vents. The frame, partitions and butterfly valves are made of the same olefinic material. Thus, they can be recycled without disassembling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Assignee: Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhide Furusawa, Daiichiro Kawashima, Hiroshi Mukai
  • Patent number: 6468149
    Abstract: A two-piece hardtop for sport utility vehicles. An air vent is provided that allows air to flow out from the interior of the vehicle without letting water enter the vehicle through it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Assignee: Bestop, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard C. Essig, John P. Vanderhoef
  • Patent number: 6435961
    Abstract: A ventilation system for an interior of a motor vehicle including a fan secured to an interior surface of the roof of the motor vehicle. The fan is in communication with the electrical power source of the motor vehicle. A plurality of solar panels are secured to the motor vehicle in a spaced relationship. The solar panels are in communication with the fan. A plurality of vents are disposed within the side windows of the motor vehicle. The vents release hot air from the interior of the motor vehicle upon activation of the fan.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Inventor: Michael R. Biancone
  • Patent number: 6409591
    Abstract: An automotive vehicle is provided having a car body including in a preferred embodiment a passenger compartment and a trunk compartment. The passenger compartment has a vent communicating with the trunk compartment and has compressible fluid communication with the same. The vehicle has a ventilation system for inducing pressurized air into the passenger compartment. Air is exhausted from the trunk compartment through a one way vent to an exterior of the vehicle. The vent additionally sealably mounts a conduit for moisture, vapor vents or wiring harnesses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignee: DaimlerChrysler Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas M Sullivan, Kenneth R Lochner
  • Patent number: 6186886
    Abstract: The cabin cooling system includes a cooling duct positioned proximate and above upper edges of one or more windows of a vehicle to exhaust hot air as the air is heated by inner surfaces of the windows and forms thin boundary layers of heated air adjacent the heated windows. The cabin cooling system includes at least one fan to draw the hot air into the cooling duct at a flow rate that captures the hot air in the boundary layer without capturing a significant portion of the cooler cabin interior air and to discharge the hot air at a point outside the vehicle cabin, such as the vehicle trunk. In a preferred embodiment, the cooling duct has a cross-sectional area that gradually increases from a distal point to a proximal point to the fan inlet to develop a substantially uniform pressure drop along the length of the cooling duct.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2001
    Assignee: Midwest Research Institute
    Inventors: Robert B. Farrington, Ren Anderson
  • Patent number: 6106045
    Abstract: A trim panel for mounting to a cabin wall of a vehicle, wherein the cabin wall includes an exhauster for relieving pressure within the cabin of the vehicle and a child-seat anchor for retaining a child seat. The trim panel includes a generally rigid support structure mounted to the cabin wall. The support structure includes a front surface and a rear surface. A plurality of channels is disposed on the rear surface of the support structure. These channels generally extend from a position adjacent the exhauster to an edge of the support structure. These channels further cooperate with the cabin wall of the vehicle to define a plurality of airflow paths between the cabin and the exhauster. More preferably, the trim panel of the present invention includes a sound-insulating membrane molded within the support structure for minimizing sound infiltration from the exhauster into the cabin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: DaimlerChrysler Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory E. Gac, Dragi Jovan, Joe Corrigan
  • Patent number: 6030285
    Abstract: A device for dissipating heat from a car and having discharge ports the angle of which is adjustable. The device includes a body, an air discharge rotary cylinder having discharge ports, a fan blade shaft, and a securing device. The body is comprised of left and right casings that together define upper and lower cylindrical receiving chambers for receiving the rotary cylinder and the fan blade shaft respectively. The securing device includes a wedge-shaped insert plate and an elastic clamp plate. The insert plate extends downwardly from the bottom of the body and is adapted to insert into a gap between a window glass pane and a window frame of a car, with the clamp plate clamping against the car door. The body is connected via a main body to a car window drive circuit. Before the driver enters the car, the window can be lowered using a remote controller and the fan blade shaft in the body can be actuated to begin drawing out the hot air inside the car to thereby lower the temperature inside the car.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 29, 2000
    Inventor: Chin-Sung Chen
  • Patent number: 5733190
    Abstract: An apparatus reduces the harmful effects of environmental tobacco smoke when a person smoking tobacco and a non-smoking person occupy the interior of a motor vehicle. The apparatus has three components. The first component is a transparent plastic curtain that divides the interior of the motor vehicle into one area containing a smoking person and one area containing the non-smoking person. The second component is an electric exhaust fan that is hung in the area of the interior containing the smoking person. The third component is a tube running from the exhaust end of the fan to a location outside the interior of the motor vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1998
    Inventor: Riyad M. Wahab
  • Patent number: 5695397
    Abstract: An air extractor assembly for an automotive vehicle is provided which includes at least one depression (34) formed in a body panel (14) of an automotive vehicle (10) and including an aperture (52) formed through the depression. An air extractor valve (40) surrounds the depression (32) and includes a base (42) and a flap (44) for controlling fluid communication through the aperture (52) in response to increases in air pressure in the passenger compartment (16) of the vehicle (10) above atmospheric pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1997
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Randy R. Frank, Bert M. Manoukian
  • Patent number: 5588909
    Abstract: A solar power-operated cooling system installed in a motor vehicle for circulation of air, including a solar power device having a plurality of photovoltaic cells mounted for converting the radiant energy of sunlight into electric power and a power output terminal for output of electric power from the photovoltaic cells, an electric connector having an input terminal connected to the power output terminal of the solar power device and at least two output terminals, at least one blowing fan and at least one exhaust fan respectively installed in the interior door panel assemblies of the motor vehicle and electrically connected to the output terminals of the electric connector and driven to draw fresh air into or to draw hot air out of the motor vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1996
    Inventor: Shing-Lai Ferng
  • Patent number: 5419739
    Abstract: A flap type pressure relief valve comprises a frame having an opening therethrough controlled by a valve flap in the form of a flexible sheet of material mounted to the frame along a first side of the opening to overlie the opening. The flexible sheet is joined to the frame by a connection comprising slots through the frame adapted to receive and retain tabs on the valve flap that extend through the apertures. The tabs are formed of resilient and compressible elastomeric material and have enlarged first and second retaining ribs extending closely adjacent the respective slot on both side faces of the frame with a necked connecting portion disposed between the first and second ribs. The connecting portion of each tab is seated within the respective aperture and is under compression and completely fills the aperture and compressively engages the frame. The retaining ribs hold the valve flap in its assembled location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1995
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventor: Jeffrey C. Lewis
  • Patent number: 5261855
    Abstract: A smoke removal system for a vehicle includes a primary smoke exit vent and a secondary smoke exit vent associated with passenger locations inside a passenger compartment of a vehicle. Each exit vent is individually, selectively operable such that only the smokers inside the passenger compartment need actuate the smoke exit vents to maintain the passenger compartment substantially smoke free. The primary exit vent may be included on an articulated arm which may be positioned proximate the smoker's head to create a capture zone that will directly remove residual or exhaust smoke exhaled by the smoker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1993
    Inventors: Herbert C. Law, Edward L. McIlvaine
  • Patent number: 5205781
    Abstract: In a vehicle incorporating a control device connected to a solar battery, a storage battery, an operation unit, a first ventilating fan 3 and a second ventilating fan 4, when the operation mode is set by a change-over operation of the operation unit 2 to a parking ventilation mode in which the first and second ventilating fans 3 and 4 are driven by supply of an electromotive force of the solar battery 6, a voltage and a current from the electromotive force of the solar battery 6 are gradually increased and continuously applied to the fan to perform gradual activation of the first ventilating fan 3. Thereafter, a switch unit 26 is closed, and the voltage and the current from the electromotive force of the solar battery are thereby simultaneously applied to the second ventilating fan 4, thus completing activation of the first and second ventilating fans.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1993
    Assignees: Naldec Corporation, Mazda Motor Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshihisa Kanno, Shinshi Kajimoto, Masayuki Jinno, Akihiro Furuzawa
  • Patent number: 5167573
    Abstract: In a vehicle incorporating a control device connected to a solar battery, a storage battery, an operation unit and a ventilation unit, a preliminary ventilating device is set to either of charging mode in which the storage battery is charged from the solar battery, forced exhaust mode in which the ventilation unit is driven by power supplied from the storage battery, and in parking ventilating mode in which the ventilation unit is driven by an electromotive force supplied from the solar battery. Charging of the storage battery from the solar battery is possible even when the charging is controlled on the basis of the results of the measurement of the open-circuit voltage of the solar battery. When the solar battery exhibiting a voltage current curve lower than the reference curve is used, the ventilating fan can be activated before the amount of sunlight received by the solar battery has been maximized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1992
    Assignees: NALDEC Corporation, Mazda Motor Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshihisa Kanno, Shinshi Kajimoto, Masayuki Jinno, Akihiro Furuzawa
  • Patent number: 5167574
    Abstract: A ventilation system for ventilating the inside of a compartment such as the compartment of an automobile or the room of a building. The ventilation system prevents the contaminated outside air from flowing back into the inside of the compartment from an inside air outlet by magnetically attracting a mouth frame, which is composed of the inside air outlet and a peripheral edge, and a one-way valve for opening the inside air outlet only at the time of releasing the inside air of the compartment to the outside.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1992
    Assignee: Toyoda Gosei Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazutoshi Ikeda, Tetsumi Ichioka, Tetsuya Miyano, Yoshihiro Menjo