Electroculture, Magnetoculture Or Electrocuting Patents (Class 47/1.3)
  • Patent number: 9736993
    Abstract: A stimulating device for enhancing release of negative air ions by a plant includes a plant pot to receive a culture medium for cultivating the plant, and a negative voltage pulse module that outputs a negative voltage pulse to stimulate the plant via a pair of first and second conductive terminals. The first conductive terminal contacts the culture medium. The second conductive terminal is non-contact with the culture medium when the culture medium is placed in the plant pot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
    Inventors: Jin-Gui Zheng, Ren-Ye Wu, Da-Peng Ye, Zhi-Jian Yang, Chuan-Yuan Deng, Hai-Yong Weng, Jia-Ming Yu, Chin-Chao Pai, Jun-Rong Zhutie, Hui Lin, Xiao-Bin Shi
  • Patent number: 9629354
    Abstract: An apparatus for using microwave energy for treating an infected site infested with insects or other small pests is disclosed. The apparatus comprises a source of microwave energy connected to a power source and a power controller, a transmission element, and an antenna. The apparatus can also comprise an isolator to protect the source of microwave energy. Methods to use such an apparatus for treatment of an infected site are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Inventor: Nathaniel L. Cohen
  • Patent number: 9115475
    Abstract: A ski slope snow grooming method, whereby a ski slope grooming implement is moved in a travelling direction along the snow covering; and coherent-energy beams are projected onto the snow covering to form furrows in the snow covering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: SNOWGROLIC S.AR.L.
    Inventor: Martin Runggaldier
  • Publication number: 20150140633
    Abstract: A method and a system are provided for subjecting organic cells in a region of a subject to an extremely low frequency magnetic field. At least one resonance medium is operably connected to a generator. The generator produces a sinusoidal non-harmonic current signal, having a predetermined frequency of substantially between 7.5 Hz and 7.9 Hz. The resonance medium is energized by the signal and the magnetic field yielded is substantially between 0.7 mT and 3 mT to be located adjacent organic cellular tissue in the region for a predetermined period. Organic cells in the laboratory, repository or in the region are subjected to a constant magnetic field of less than 1 mT and having a frequency of substantially between 7.5 Hz and 7.9 Hz for the predetermined period.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventor: Bogdan Constantin VLADILA
  • Publication number: 20150105716
    Abstract: A system for the administration of modified plasma to a subject, including: (a) a non thermal plasma (NTP) emitting source for emitting a plasma beam; (b) a plasma coupling mechanism (PCM) with a plasma beam dish having at least one opening for the passage of the plasma beam; the plasma beam dish having a first surface and a second opposite surface. The first surface of the plasma beam dish includes: at least one coupling element selected from the group consisting of: (1) at least one ferroelectric element for providing the field; (2) at least one ferromagnetic element for providing the field; (3) at least one piezoelectric element for providing the field; and (4) at least one piezomagnetic element for providing the field. The system additionally includes at least one reflecting element configured to focus the NTP beam, thereby providing the modified plasma.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Orit ISH-YAMINI TOMER, Tamar Levin
  • Publication number: 20150088234
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for the treatment of free-form areas and zones of human or animal skin areas or plant surfaces by means of cold atmospheric-pressure plasma. The core of the device is a specific, preferably gas-permeable, electrode arrangement for generating a dielectrically impeded surface discharge where the earthed electrode is composed of electrically conductive textile material and the high-voltage electrode consists of a thin wire or electrically conductive thread which is sheathed with an insulting layer which has to meet specific requirements. On the basis of the present invention, it is possible to generate, in the area of diseased skin parts of the human body, in direct proximity to the skin surface or to wounds, a flat plasma for the treatment of the diseased areas which is acceptable in respect of the stress on the skin caused by temperature and electric potentials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: INP Greifswald, Leibniz-Institut fuer Plasmaforschung und Technologie e.V.
    Inventors: Klaus-Dieter Weltmann, Ronny Brandenburg, Stephan Krafczyk, Manfred Stieber, Thomas Von Woedtke
  • Publication number: 20150075067
    Abstract: An apparatus and methods are provided for removing unwanted plants or weeds from an area such as an agricultural plot or lawn. The apparatus includes a three-dimensional imager configured to capture plant images and locate plants; an image processor configured to distinguish between wanted and unwanted plants based upon the captured plant images; at least one removal device configured to damage a target on the unwanted plants; a guidance system configured to direct at least one laser beam toward the unwanted plant; a stabilization system configured to provide feedback compensation to one or both of the three-dimensional imager and the guidance system; and a chassis configured to support the three-dimensional imager, the laser device, the guidance system, and the stabilization system. The chassis is configured to be moved across the area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Timothy David Stowe, Patrick Yasuo Maeda, Tim Curley
  • Publication number: 20150075066
    Abstract: Embodiments of an apparatus and methods can removing unwanted plants or weeds from an area such as an agricultural plot or lawn. The apparatus includes a three-dimensional imager configured to capture plant images and locate plants; an image processor configured to distinguish between wanted and unwanted plants based upon the captured plant images; at least one laser device configured to emit a laser beam having power sufficient to damage the unwanted plants; a guidance system configured to direct at least one laser beam toward the unwanted plant; and a chassis configured to support the three-dimensional imager, the laser device, and the guidance system. The chassis is configured to be moved across the area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Timothy David Stowe, Patrick Yasuo Maeda, Tim Curley
  • Patent number: 8961384
    Abstract: An electrical system having an underlying structure resembling the double helix most commonly associated with DNA is used to produce useful electromagnetic fields for health applications and/or medical applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Medical Energetics Ltd
    Inventor: David G. Schmidt
  • Publication number: 20150027041
    Abstract: A plant necrosis method including, by a computing system, identifying, for necrosis, an in-situ plant within a geographic area, based on measurements received from a set of sensors; selecting a treatment position on the in-situ plant for electric discharge application based on a plant cross-sectional dimension; and applying electric discharge to the treatment position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventor: Lee Redden
  • Publication number: 20150027040
    Abstract: A method for plant treatment, including: receiving a first measurement for a plant from a sensor as the sensor moves within a geographic area comprising a plurality of plants; in response to receipt of the first measurement and prior to receipt of a second measurement for a second plant of the plurality, determining a set of treatment mechanism operation parameters for the plant to optimize a geographic area output parameter based on the first measurement and historical measurements for the geographic area; determining an initial treatment parameter for the plant; and operating a treatment mechanism in a treatment mode based on the set of operating parameters in response to satisfaction of the initial treatment parameter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventor: Lee Redden
  • Patent number: 8919035
    Abstract: An electrical system having an underlying structure resembling the double helix most commonly associated with DNA is used to produce useful electromagnetic fields for agricultural applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Medical Energetics Ltd
    Inventor: David G. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 8819988
    Abstract: A method and system is provided whereby the environment of the container grown plant is controlled to replicate a natural environment. Since container grown plants are not in direct contact with the soil in the earth, a container grown plant can develop its own local electrical field and static charge that can hinder the development of the plant. A plant media grounding device is provided in which copper prongs fit into a housing that is connected to a power cord. The prongs are inserted at the plant's base in the growing media. The power cord is plugged into an outlet. The plant then becomes grounded to the earth ground of the building's power distribution system. In a further embodiment, the plant media grounding device may further include a variety of sensors in order to monitor the progress of the plant and the plant's environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Inventors: Michael Corsi, Stephen Doyle
  • Publication number: 20140215905
    Abstract: Controlled release of one or more agricultural chemicals is provided by microcapsules adapted to rupture in a magnetic field. The microcapsules, which may be applied to soil, seeds and/or plants, each have a shell that encapsulates an agricultural chemical, such as a fertilizer, herbicide or insecticide. One or more organosilane-coated magnetic nanoparticles is/are covalently bound into the shell of each microcapsule. For example, (3-aminopropyl) trimethylsilane-coated magnetite nanoparticles may be incorporated into the shell of a urea-formaldehyde (UF) microcapsule during in situ polymerization. In one embodiment, microcapsules encapsulating a fertilizer are applied during seed planting. Controlled release is subsequently triggered after an appropriate period of dormancy by positioning a magnetic field generating device proximate the microcapsules to generate a magnetic field sufficient to rupture the microcapsule shells through magnetic stimulation of the organosilane-coated magnetic nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Dylan J. Boday, Joseph Kuczynski, Robert E. Meyer, III
  • Publication number: 20140107451
    Abstract: A picafina device for electrical stimulation and electrical measurements of neural and muscular cells, which is capable of electrical measurements of cells in the neighborhood of the picafina device and also of electrical stimulation at different voltages and current levels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Inventors: Chong Il Lee, Sergio Lara Pereira Monteiro
  • Patent number: 8690997
    Abstract: A two-sided attraction structure including an electrostatic chuck portion (2) and a power supply portion (5), the electrostatic chuck portion (2) including a dielectric member (3) in a plate-like shape, which is made of an insulating material and has a front side and a back side, and an internal electrode (4) mounted into the dielectric member, the front side and the back side of the dielectric member each serving as an attraction surface when voltage is applied to the internal electrode (4), the power supply portion (5) applying the voltage to the internal electrode, of the electrostatic chuck portion (2), in which the power supply portion (5) includes a solar cell (6) and a voltage boost circuit (7) for boosting power generated by the solar cell (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Creative Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Tatsumi, Hiroshi Fujisawa, Megumu Kawae
  • Patent number: 8667732
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the treatment of plants using electromagnetic fields and consists in applying pulse sequences to growing plants or the seeds thereof in a pulsed electromagnetic field by means of a pulse generator, wherein the individual pulses have a frequency ranging from 1 to 100 Hz and the amplitude of each individual pulse corresponds to an exponential function or the pulses have envelope curves rising and falling in the form of an arc, wherein the individual pulses are emitted in synchronous or asynchronous groups of pulses having different magnetic flux densities, and wherein the plants are exposed to the pulsating electromagnetic field once to 30 times a day for 1 to 120 minutes each time or continuously for several days. Plant growth, germination and yields are significantly increased in an environmentally friendly manner. Resistance to diseases is increased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Inventor: Peter Gleim
  • Patent number: 8656636
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to biological optimization systems for enhancing photosynthetic efficiency and methods of use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: University of Georgia Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Ryan W. Hunt, Senthil Chinnasamy, Keshav C. Das, Erico Rolim de Mattos
  • Patent number: 8652023
    Abstract: An electrical system having an underlying structure resembling the double helix most commonly associated with DNA is used to produce useful electromagnetic fields for health applications and/or medical applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: LifeWave, Inc.
    Inventor: David G. Schmidt
  • Publication number: 20140020294
    Abstract: A method to reconnect plants with the natural electron charge of the earth when grown out of the earth in containers no longer connected to the earth is disclosed. The method includes parts to combine into many configurations to provide a grounding connected to an earth ground or house ground to conductively couple indoor container potted plants and hydroponic growing systems to the abundant supply of free electrons from the earth to re create the same electrically charged growing environment as when planted in the earth.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Inventors: LeRoy Charles Dunning, Pamela McKenzie, Scott Vincent Miscall
  • Publication number: 20130318866
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for biological growth enhancement is disclosed. Organisms that will benefit from the apparatus and method of the present invention include seeds, fungus, bacteria, and the like. In one example, seeds are hydro-primed, exposed to a high voltage electric field, and prepared for germination. The resulting sprouts are larger than those that have not been treated by the apparatus for biological growth enhancement. In addition, the root systems of sprouts treated by the apparatus for biological growth enhancement were more advanced than those that were not treated. Benefits include increased production rate of edible sprouts, seedlings that are able to withstand adverse conditions such as drought at an earlier age, and a reduction in the resources required to grow sprouts and plants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2013
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Inventor: Robert Dale Gunderman, JR.
  • Publication number: 20130245359
    Abstract: A computerized electrical powered apparatus where one part is different types of housings with or without a cover. The apparatus produces magnetic field, for inducing water, in the housing (if a shower: inducing water, and water-vapor (mist) via a plumbing assembly). The housing uses: CO2 liquid cooling to cool electrical circuit boards, electromagnet(s), nanotube(s), nanowire(s), that control: water, elements, nutrients, drugs, found in blood, living tissues, vegetation tissue(s) of any organism(s). In another aspect; an extractor capturing molecule(s) in steam derived from compounds, drugs, that converge with a superconductive wire transporting ionic compounds, molecular ions; rise out from hot water, H2O-steam, and dry gases feed extractor, into a cooled catalyst pipe linking to a housing. The pipe with the wire inside, attach inside the housing, where the mixture disperses. A digital numerical image is captured on a computer monitor by rotating hydrogen molecules of water in the housing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Inventor: Jean Brault
  • Publication number: 20130192130
    Abstract: An applied electrical field effects the harvesting of algae from a growth medium through increased interface potential between solvent and solute and the use of micron-sized bubbles of hydrogen and oxygen gas. The process and method makes use of strategically placed bipolar electrode plates that generate hydrogen and oxygen gas. Micro bubbles of the gas flocculate the biomass out of solution concurrently clarifying the water for re-use in an algae growth system. The flocked algae can then be processed for use in applications which require a chemical-free and dewatered product such as required for bio-fuels, pharmaceuticals or food.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2013
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Inventor: Nicholas Eckelberry
  • Publication number: 20130192129
    Abstract: An electrical system having an underlying structure resembling the double helix most commonly associated with DNA is used to produce useful electromagnetic fields for agricultural applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Applicant: LifeWave, Inc.
    Inventor: David G. SCHMIDT
  • Patent number: 8341876
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a method for separating two or more seed fractions having different germination quality, to a method for preparing a seed fraction enriched in seed quality, and to the use of a magnetic field. The method for separating two or more seed fractions having different germination quality comprises: mixing a feed of seeds comprising seeds with at least two densities with a magnetic fluid thereby obtaining a mixture, and applying a magnetic field to the mixture such that the mixture is exposed to a magnetic gradient so as to separate two or more seed fractions with different densities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Monsanto Holland B.V.
    Inventor: Jacques Rene Alphons de Koning
  • Patent number: 8302346
    Abstract: Biological optimization systems for enhancing photosynthetic efficiency and methods of use. Specifically, methods for enhancing photosynthetic efficiency including applying pulsed light to a photosynthetic organism, using a chlorophyll fluorescence feedback control system to determine one or more photosynthetic efficiency parameters, and adjusting one or more of the photosynthetic efficiency parameters to drive the photosynthesis by the delivery of an amount of light to optimize light absorption of the photosynthetic organism while providing enough dark time between light pulses to prevent oversaturation of the chlorophyll reaction centers are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: University of Georgia Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Ryan W. Hunt, Senthil Chinnasamy, Keshav C. Das, Erico Rolim de Mattos
  • Publication number: 20120214218
    Abstract: The invention includes a magnetic nanoparticle molecular delivery vehicle to be used for transfection and delivery of therapeutic molecules across cell membranes and to specific sites in the body, using magnetic forces and ultrasound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Publication date: August 23, 2012
    Applicant: INTELLIGENTNANO INC.
    Inventors: James Xing, Wiebing Lu, Yollanda Hao
  • Publication number: 20120090228
    Abstract: A method is provided which can efficiently remove conidia and microbe or the like of a phytopathogen from air and does not cause generation of ozone originated from discharge or so, thereby preventing occurrence of a plant disease without damaging a plant. There are also provided a flying organism removing apparatus and a plant protecting apparatus which can adequately capture flyable organisms, such as spores of a phytopathogen and/or small vermin, by applying an electrostatic field to the flyable organisms. An electrostatic field generated by dielectric polarization is applied to flyable organisms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Inventors: Hideyoshi Toyoda, Yoshinori Matsuda, Teruo Nonomura, Koji Kakutani, Shin-ichi Kusakari, Katsuhide Higashi
  • Patent number: 8156686
    Abstract: A method for bioactive treatment of biological material from a plant source by exposure to one or more electromagnetic pulses are described. The biological material is in a target irradiation area. At least one electric pulse is generated. At least one electromagnetic pulse is then generated responsive to the at least one electric pulse. The at least one electromagnetic pulse generated to have parameters in common with that of natural lightning's electromagnetic pulses. The biological material is irradiated with the at least one electromagnetic pulse for bioactivation of the biological material for enhancement of the one or more growth characteristics thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Inventor: Volodymyr Zrodnikov
  • Publication number: 20120023815
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a method for separating two or more seed fractions having different germination quality, to a method for preparing a seed fraction enriched in seed quality, and to the use of a magnetic fluid. The method for separating two or more seed fractions having different germination quality comprises: mixing a feed of seeds, said feed comprising seeds with at least two different densities, with a magnetic fluid, thereby obtaining a mixture; and applying a magnetic field to said mixture such that the mixture is exposed to a magnetic gradient so as to separate two or more seed fractions with different densities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Publication date: February 2, 2012
    Applicant: Monsanto Holland B.V.
    Inventor: Jacques Rene Alphons de Koning
  • Publication number: 20110283607
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the treatment of plants using electromagnetic fields and consists in applying pulse sequences to growing plants or the seeds thereof in a pulsed electromagnetic field by means of a pulse generator, wherein the individual pulses have a frequency ranging from 1 to 100 Hz and the amplitude of each individual pulse corresponds to an exponential function or the pulses have envelope curves rising and falling in the form of an arc, wherein the individual pulses are emitted in synchronous or asynchronous groups of pulses having different magnetic flux densities, and wherein the plants are exposed to the pulsating electromagnetic field once to 30 times a day for 1 to 120 minutes each time or continuously for several days. Plant growth, germination and yields are significantly increased in an environmentally friendly manner. Resistance to diseases is increased.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2010
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Inventor: Peter Gleim
  • Publication number: 20090272029
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for controlling pathogen growth on live plants and mushrooms using UV-C light and an apparatus for use in the method. Also provided are methods for removing surplus leaves and methods for destroying aerial plant parts prior to harvest of underground roots, tubers or bulbs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2006
    Publication date: November 5, 2009
    Applicant: Clean Light
    Inventors: Arne Aiking, Frank Verheijen
  • Publication number: 20090005722
    Abstract: A dressing having a flexible sleeve shaped to accommodate a substantially cylindrical body portion, the sleeve having a lining which is substantially non-adherent to the body part being bandaged and having a peripheral securement means which attaches two peripheral portions to each other without those portions being circumferentially adhered to the sleeve portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2008
    Publication date: January 1, 2009
    Inventor: Barbara Jennlngs-Spring
  • Publication number: 20080195033
    Abstract: A method for treating a bacterial, viral, fungal, or vector-induced disease state. A therapeutically effective dose of a metal substance is delivered to the body of a potentially infected organism using a delivery methodology selected from the group consisting of syringes, auto-injectors, pricking devices, buccal embedding, transdermal patches, needle transdermal patches, aerosol inhalers, ingestible dissolvable capsules, encapsulated boluses, needle encapsulated boluses, and electrode catheterization methodologies. The metal substance is selected from the group consisting of silver, gold, copper, zinc, selenium, platinum, and their ions, alloys, salts, and combinations thereof. Preferably, an electrical current is introduced substantially in the course of utilizing the delivery methodology. The electrical current is preferably substantially varied over time, and is still more preferably a reversing electrical current.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 23, 2005
    Publication date: August 14, 2008
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BIO-THERAPEUTIC RESEARCH INC.
    Inventors: Roy Eagleson, Robert Goldsmith, Michael J. Rieder, Ian R. Marshall, Jan Greenhalgh
  • Patent number: 6745512
    Abstract: Process and device for treating seeds in order to combat harmful organisms. According to the invention, in an initial stage of the process, the seeds are separated and distributed evenly in a free-fall process, subjected in a vacuum to irradiation by low energy electron beams and then immediately treated with fungicides and/or microbial antagonists or metabolic products and spores thereof and/or synergists.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2004
    Assignee: UBT Ingenieurbüro GmbH Quedlinburg
    Inventors: Siegfried Panzer, Klaus Gaber, Petra Müller, Marga Jahn, Joachim Pflaumbaum, Friederun Scholze, Manfred Lange, Reiner Fischer, Rainer Müller, Günter Motte, Michael Leja
  • Patent number: 6743164
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided for using microvariations of a biological living organism to generate a sequence of environmental changes perceptible through one of the human senses. The method includes the steps of transforming microvariations within a living organism into an analog electrical signal and generating the sequence of environmental changes perceptible through the human senses based on said analog signal. The sequence of changes can include the generation of music based on the signal, or the control of lighting, aromas, or air movement in the environment of the organism. One example application is the generation of music from electrical microvariations detected in a house plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2004
    Assignee: Music of the Plants, LLP
    Inventors: Oberto Airaudi, Roger Rognas, Lee Weinstein
  • Publication number: 20030150156
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method and apparatus for eradicate nematodes and other soil-borne organisms to a depth of up to several feet that uses specially-shaped electrically conductive metal shanks that are pulled through the soil profile by a tractor or other vehicle. The source of the electric charge is a generator and transformer connected to each conductive shank. Electric current passes through the soil between the shanks resulting in the electrocution of unwanted soil borne pests such as nematodes. Two rows of downwardly pointing generally vertical parallel shanks are provided, the leading row being a plurality of ripper shanks, and the trailing row being parallel electrically-conductive stinger shanks. The stinger shanks are wedge shaped from front to back to compress the soil between them so as to provide a more uniform electrical charge.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2003
    Publication date: August 14, 2003
    Inventors: George Flagler, David Flagler
  • Publication number: 20030136048
    Abstract: A weed killing apparatus comprises an application head at one end of the apparatus and a handle at another end of the apparatus by which a user standing on the ground may move the application head over a weed or weeds in the ground. The application head is heated and has at least one steam outlet in or adjacent the application head. Steam producing means is arranged to produce steam and is controllable by the user to direct steam from the steam outlets when the application head is placed over a weed or weeds, so that the weed(s) is/are killed by a combination of heat from the application head and steam. A method of killing or controlling weeds comprises applying the heated application head over the weed(s) to heat the weed(s) through direct physical contact or radiant heating from the application head while simultaneously directing stem from the application head on to the weed(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2003
    Publication date: July 24, 2003
    Inventor: Richard John Newson
  • Patent number: 6539664
    Abstract: A device for the manipulation of a biological material by a magnetic field is presented. The device comprises a magnetic field source coupled to a current source. The current source is of a kind supplying an electric current of at least two electrical degree shifted phases. The magnetic field source comprises a two-part inductor, each inductor part producing a coordinate varying magnetic field (CVMF). Each inductor part is formed by at least two conductors aligned in a spaced-apart relationship, wherein each of the at least two conductors is connectable to a different phase of the current source, and has two spaced-apart parts arranged such that when the conductor is connected to the current source, the electric current flows in its two parts in opposite directions, respectively. The conductors of each inductor part are arranged such that each two locally adjacent conductor parts are associated with two different phases of the electric current source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Assignee: Pemsti Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Alexander Katsen, Tsur Dat, Yakov Yogev, Alexander Prilutsky
  • Publication number: 20030000132
    Abstract: A device for the manipulation of a biological material by a magnetic field is presented. The device comprises a magnetic field source coupled to a current source. The current source is of a kind supplying an electric current of at least two electrical degree shifted phases. The magnetic field source comprises a two-part inductor, each inductor part producing a coordinate varying magnetic field (CVMF). Each inductor part is formed by at least two conductors aligned in a spaced-apart relationship, wherein each of the at least two conductors is connectable to a different phase of the current source, and has two spaced-apart parts arranged such that when the conductor is connected to the current source, the electric current flows in its two parts in opposite directions, respectively. The conductors of each inductor part are arranged such that each two locally adjacent conductor parts are associated with two different phases of the electric current source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2002
    Publication date: January 2, 2003
    Applicant: PEMSTI TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
    Inventors: Alexander Katsen, Tsur Dat, Yakov Yogev, Alexander Prilutsky
  • Patent number: 6487817
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided for using micro-variations of a biological living plant organism to generate music. The method includes the steps of detecting a plant microvoltage across a varying resistance of the biological living plant organism within a Wheatstone bridge, generating a feedback signal from an output of an external MIDI sound generator, subtracting the feedback signal from the plant microvoltage to provide a difference signal and providing the difference signal as a drive signal to the MIDI sound generator to generate music.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2002
    Assignee: Music of the Plants, LLP
    Inventor: Oberto Airaudi
  • Patent number: 6484652
    Abstract: A real time soil constituent sensor and precision agricultural chemical delivery system may measure simple in situ soil constituents without the aid of externally applied solvents, or such solvents may be utilized intermittently to calibrate the measurements for greater accuracy. A real time complex in situ soil resistivity sensor and prescription agricultural chemical delivery system includes a plurality of ground-engaging tools in association with individual soil electrode arrays which measure complex solute and matrix resistivity levels. Conventional engaging tools may serve as electrodes for impressing a voltage source and serve as a current sink for the purposes of determining complex resistivity values and components thereof in in situ soils. Alternatively, local resistivity measurements in a single tool can also be employed for separation of resistivity cotributions of the soil solute and the matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2002
    Assignee: Crop Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: John W. Colburn, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6254764
    Abstract: An apparatus and method of use for dissociating materials includes a power supply, high energy capacitor, high energy trigger device and an probe and reactor arrangement for treating both solid and medium/media materials. A near instantaneous discharge of the electrical charge stored in the capacitor via the probe can be used to dissociate the material, either medium/media or solid, for a desired result. Hazardous materials can be treated to be rendered non-hazardous, rocks or other solid material can be treated for reduction in size, plant seeds can be treated to enhance plant growth surfaces of granular material can be scored or thermally polished and milk, juices and blood could be treated for sterilization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Assignee: E/P Technologies
    Inventors: Peter D. Babington, Daniel T. Green, Maurice Laforet
  • Patent number: 6237278
    Abstract: Weed seeds are controlled by high voltage pulses with short duration which electropermeabilize the cell membranes of weed seeds in the ground. The device is selective and damages only germinating weed seeds and plants early in their life cycle. The required amount of energy is small; with rectangular pulses the optimal field strength is between 100-300 kV/m with a duration of (10-100 microseconds). A transformer placed on a sowing machine transforms electrical energy to high voltage pulses. The energy may be taken from the pulling tractor via a transmission or from an integrated power source. The high voltage pulses are applied to electrically conducting via applicators to two or more fixedly spaced plates to the soil around newly sown seeds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: Zero Weed AB
    Inventors: Bertil Persson, Pär Henriksson, Tomas Nybrant, Berit Mattsson
  • Patent number: 6192622
    Abstract: A high frequency power source (4) and (5) supplies electromagnetic waves (10-100 MHz) that are supplied to a single or a pair of plates (10) that surround a trunk of the infested tree. The electromagnetic waves are used to kill red palm weevils and trees stem borers within the trunk of the tree. The plates are cylindrical, half cylindrical or flat, with insulated metal sheets that surround the trunk and upper roots of the infected tree.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2001
    Inventor: Yosri Moh'd Taher Haj-Yousef