Seed Testers Patents (Class 47/14)
  • Patent number: 9756792
    Abstract: A floating garden for individually potted plants, comprising a buoyant body with a plurality of through-bores extending from the top to the bottom surfaces, the through-bores adapted to receive potted plants and potting soil. Each through-bore comprises a larger diameter upper portion and a smaller diameter lower portion aligned with each other, and a netting cup in the lower portion extending adjacent the bottom surface of the buoyant body. The netting cup holds a wicking material such as peat moss in the lower portion of the through-bore, while the upper portion of the through-bore holds potting soil and the plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Inventors: Kenneth C. Miller, Carol L. Miller
  • Patent number: 9730400
    Abstract: Three-dimensional vegetation growing systems provide an enclosed hydroponic environment for growing plants. The system serves to uniformly expose the plants to nutrients, liquids, and light from multiple directions while the plant rotates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: GRO-VOLUTION, LLC
    Inventors: Eric John Wilson, Derek T. Pallett, Nathan C. Leung
  • Patent number: 9706722
    Abstract: A plant growing device includes: a container configured to reserve a nutrient solution in a lower portion of the container; a holding unit configured to hold plants inside the container; spray units configured to spray the nutrient solution toward the inside of the container; and support units configured to support the holding unit, and to move the holding unit to a position depending on how the spray units are driving, in a range from a spray region where the nutrient solution sprayed by the spray units is supplied to roots of the plants to an immersion region where the nutrient solution reserved in the container is supplied to the roots of the plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ayumi Sakai, Hiroshi Yano, Sayaka Kato
  • Patent number: 9658176
    Abstract: The current disclosure describes an automated high-throughput small object sorting system for separating small object via oil and/or moisture content using novel nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) systems and methods. The disclosed systems and methods for measuring the oil and/or moisture content of a single small object in a low-field time domain NMR instrument are superior in sample throughput and signal-to-noise ratio to conventional NMR systems and methods (free induction decay or spin echo) for single small object oil/moisture measurement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Bin Dai, Susan Macisaac, Kevin L. Deppermann, Mark Ehrhardt, Brad White, Wayne Brown, Paul Krasucki, Jemmi C. McDonald
  • Patent number: 9550214
    Abstract: A sorting and bagging apparatus including a container defining an internal chamber with an opening thereinto and a lid configured to be positioned on the container. The lid defines a through opening aligned with the opening into the container. A basket extends through the through opening and is supported by the lid. The basket has sidewalls and a bottom surface and at least the bottom surface has a plurality of passages therethrough. A funnel having a funnel body extending between an inlet edge and an outlet edge is secured relative to the basket such that the inlet edge extends along the basket bottom surface wherein a sorting chamber is defined between the basket sidewalls, the basket bottom surface and the funnel. The lid is configured to be tilted such that contents within the sorting chamber pass from the sorting chamber to the funnel and out of the funnel at the outlet edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Inventor: Bryan Harpel
  • Publication number: 20150135585
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method and apparatus for non-destructive testing of a seed. In various embodiments, the method may comprise vibrating the seed to orient the seed on an axis, identifying a location of a known feature of the seed, determining a sample location on the seed based on the location of the known feature, and performing a non-destructive testing procedure on the seed proximate the sample location. In one embodiment, the method may comprise removing a sample portion of the seed from the sample location without damaging the embryo of the seed. Accordingly, the viability of the seed may be maintained while allowing for subsequent testing on the sample portion of the seed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2015
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Jason Cope, David Kurth
  • Patent number: 9003696
    Abstract: A seed sampling system is provided having an automated seed loading assembly including a seed bin and being operable to singulate seeds from a plurality of seeds within the seed bin. The system also includes an automated seed sampling assembly operable to remove tissue samples from the singulated seeds, and an automated seed transport assembly operable to transfer the singulated seeds from the seed loading assembly to the seed sampling assembly. The seed transport assembly includes multiple retention members. Each of the retention members is movable relative to the seed loading assembly and to the seed sampling assembly. The seed transport assembly is operable to position one of the multiple retention members adjacent to the seed loading assembly for engaging one of the singulated seeds, while positioning another of the retention members adjacent to the seed sampling assembly for presenting another of the singulated seeds to the seed sampling assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Kevin L. Deppermann, Michael W. Petersen, Allen N. Ondes, David W. Finley, William M. Fischer, John M. Jensen, David Butruille, Stanton Dotson, Sam Eathington, Heather M. Forbes, Bruce Schnicker, John Tamulonis
  • Patent number: 8966813
    Abstract: To provide an accelerated aging seed testing kit system, a single sheet of plastic or other suitable formable sheet material is pressed into the shape of a compartment base having recesses for mounting a seed holder. A seed holder that includes a seed support and a seed support holder is formed. The seed support holder is formed of a single sheet of plastic having radially extending tabs that fit into the recesses of the container to support the seed support above the bottom of the test kit. A bypass channel for addition of an aqueous solution used in the prescribed test condition is provided in the seed holder. A lid is formed out of one piece of plastic having a bendable tab to serve as a port and the openings and connecting points of the lid and seed holder are positioned so they can only fit together in one orientation having the port above the bypass channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Kamterter II, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Christopher Lee Petersen, John Alvin Eastin, Timothy Raymond Meyer
  • Patent number: 8935881
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for evaluating germination properties of plant seeds and/or of sprouts developed from the plant seeds, on the basis of anatomical characteristics (x, y) at a particular point in time, wherein determining the anatomical characteristics (x, y) at a particular point in time comprises analyzing the plant seeds and/or sprouts using at least one imaging method and obtaining three-dimensional analysis data (410) at a particular point in time, segmenting the analysis data (400) at a particular point in time and associating segments (516-519) thus obtained into anatomical units of the plant seeds and/or sprouts, and determining the anatomical characteristics (x, y) of the anatomical units of the plant seeds and/or sprouts at a particular point in time from the associated segments (516-519) at at least one point in time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Strube GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Antje Wolff
  • Patent number: 8863436
    Abstract: An automated high throughput apparatus, method and system for seed sampling is provided. The seed sampling system includes an ablation subsystem having a controlled cutting path and a seed handling subsystem comprising a staging system having a plurality of seed staging positions for staging a batch of seed in a sequential manner, and a carrier system for simultaneously presenting seed staging positions at the cutting path for removing a sample portion from each seed in the batch. A method of this invention includes providing ablation means having a controlled cutting path, automatically staging a batch of seed at a plurality of staging positions in a sequential manner, simultaneously presenting the batch of seed at the cutting path, and removing a sample portion from each seed in the batch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Pioneer Hi Bred International Inc
    Inventors: Steven M. Becker, Jason M. Cope, David Kurth, Joshua L. Mongan
  • Patent number: 8763305
    Abstract: The seed test kit includes a compartment base, a lid and a holder for an oxygen scavenger. The base includes a liquid gas exchange control trough around its perimeter. It is sized to house a high moisture holding seed planting surface pack at the bottom so seeds can be placed on top of the surface to imbibe and initiate pre-germination mechanisms. The lid has an edge that fits into a trough that houses a gas barrier liquid in the base to form an airtight seal and has an attachable compartment for an oxygen scavenger so the kit may be placed together in an airtight configuration with the oxygen scavenger inside to provide an anaerobic atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Kamterter Products, LLC
    Inventors: Christopher Lee Petersen, John Alvin Eastin, Timothy Raymond Meyer
  • Patent number: 8685321
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides systems and methods for analyzing a plurality of samples of small objects. In various other embodiments, the system includes a staging console for supporting a plurality of sample trays. The system additionally includes a plurality of workstations that each includes a robotic container transfer subsystem for sequentially removing and replacing each of a plurality of sample containers arrayed in the sample trays, each sample container containing a sample of small objects. Each workstation additionally includes an automated analysis subsystem for sequentially receiving each container from the transfer subsystem, removing each sample from the respective container, acquiring data of each sample and returning each sample to the respective container. The system further includes a tray shuttle robot that distributes and retrieves the sample trays to and from the workstations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Kevin L. Deppermann, Ping Feng, Matthew J. Weis
  • Publication number: 20140041290
    Abstract: A Mini Chamber is of the type constituted by a plastic container with a top closure lid, inside which a reticulated mesh basket is housed, extended in a horizontal plane, on which the seeds are arranged, which is removably mounted on an intermediate height above the volume of water contained in the bottom of said container. The novelty lies the plastic container is a cylindrical body of vertical axis and circumferential section, with an open top base on which a dome shaped top closure lid is placed. The invention considers the plastic container may be slightly conical, tapering towards its lower base. Preferably, both the top closure lid and the container itself are made of a transparent plastic material such as polycarbonate or polypropylene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2013
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Inventor: Jorge Otermin
  • Publication number: 20140020287
    Abstract: An automated seed sampler system includes an imaging device for obtaining images of seeds, an orienting device for orienting the seeds based on the images, and a sampling station for removing tissue from the oriented seeds. In some aspects, the system also includes a transport subsystem for supporting the oriented seeds and conveying the oriented seeds to the sampling station. A method for removing tissue from seeds includes imaging the seeds, orienting the seeds based on image information obtained from the seeds, and removing tissue from the oriented seeds. In some aspects, the method also includes transporting the oriented seeds in a transport subsystem to a sampling station for removing the tissue from the oriented seeds, and/or collecting the tissue removed from the oriented seeds so that a one-to-one correspondence exists between the tissue and the sampled seeds, and/or analyzing the tissue for characteristics indicative of genetic and/or chemical traits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2013
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicant: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Kevin L. Deppermann, Jennifer Listello, Phillip Rahn, Angela Koestel
  • Patent number: 8613158
    Abstract: A method and system for producing a group of growth-induced seeds for commercial use or sale, the method including monitoring a physiological indication and/or morphometric indication for a seed, automatically determining if the monitored seed has a specific characteristic, separating the monitored seed having the specific characteristic into a group of seeds for commercial use or sale so that each and every seed in the group has been monitored and determined to have the specific characteristic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: Ball Horticultural Company
    Inventor: Robert Conrad
  • Patent number: 8561346
    Abstract: An automated seed sampler includes a sampling station; a sampler for removing material from a seed in the sampling station; a seed conveyer for conveying the seed from the sampling station to a compartment in a seed tray; and a conveyor for conveying the material removed from the seed to a corresponding compartment in a sample tray. The method of the present invention comprises feeding seeds individually to a sampling station, removing a sample from the seed in the sampling station; conveying the sample to a compartment in a sample tray, and conveying the seed to a corresponding compartment in a seed tray. The samples can be tested, and the seeds can be sorted according to the results of the testing of their corresponding samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Kevin L. Deppermann, Michael W. Petersen
  • Patent number: 8548222
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for evaluating and sorting seeds based on characteristics of the seeds. One method generally includes collecting image data from different parts of the seeds, and then analyzing the collected image data to determine if the seeds exhibit at least one or more characteristics. The seeds can then be sorted to desired seed repositories based on whether or not the seeds exhibit the at least one or more characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Kevin L. Deppermann, James Crain, Sam R. Eathington, Mike Graham, Steven H. Modiano
  • Patent number: 8401271
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for evaluating and sorting seeds based on characteristics of the seeds. One system includes an imaging and analysis subsystem that collects image data from the seeds and analyzes the collected image data for characteristics of the seeds. This subsystem can include an imaging theater having mirrors that reflect image data from the seeds to an imaging device for collection. The system can also include an off-loading and sorting subsystem configured to sort the seeds based on their characteristics. And, one method includes illuminating the seeds and collecting image data from the seeds for determining their characteristics. The image data can be collected from at least three portions of the seeds at each of a plurality of sequentially changing spectral wavelengths. In addition (or alternatively), the image data can be collected from top and bottom portions of the seeds using a single imaging device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Kevin L. Deppermann, James Crain, Sam R. Eathington, Mike Graham, Steven H. Modiano
  • Patent number: 8189901
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides systems and methods for sorting seeds based on identified phenotypes of the seeds. In various embodiments, the system includes an optics and controller station structured and operable to collect image data of a top portion, a bottom portion and a plurality of side portions of each respective seed in a set of seeds, and to analyze the collected image data to determine whether each seed exhibits a desired phenotype. The system further includes a seed loading, transporting and sorting station structured and operable to singulate each seed of the set of seeds from a plurality of seeds in a bulk seed hopper, transport the set of seeds to the optics and controller station, and selectively sort each seed to a respective one of a plurality of seed repositories based on whether each respective seed exhibits the desired phenotype.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Steven H. Modiano, Kevin L. Deppermann, James Crain, Sam R Eathington, Mike Graham
  • Publication number: 20120117865
    Abstract: A seed sampling system is provided having an automated seed loading assembly including a seed bin and being operable to singulate seeds from a plurality of seeds within the seed bin. The system also includes an automated seed sampling assembly operable to remove tissue samples from the singulated seeds, and an automated seed transport assembly operable to transfer the singulated seeds from the seed loading assembly to the seed sampling assembly. The seed transport assembly includes multiple retention members. Each of the retention members is movable relative to the seed loading assembly and to the seed sampling assembly. The seed transport assembly is operable to position one of the multiple retention members adjacent to the seed loading assembly for engaging one of the singulated seeds, while positioning another of the retention members adjacent to the seed sampling assembly for presenting another of the singulated seeds to the seed sampling assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2011
    Publication date: May 17, 2012
    Applicant: MONSANTO TECHNOLOGY LLC
    Inventors: Kevin L. Deppermann, Michael W. Petersen, Allen N. Ondes, David W. Finley, William M. Fischer, John M. Jensen, David Butruille, Stanton Dotson, Sam Eathington, Heather M. Forbes, Bruce Schnicker, John Tamulonis
  • Patent number: 8028469
    Abstract: In various embodiments, the present disclosure provides an automated seed sampling and sorting system. The system includes an imaging station for collecting image data of a set of seeds and a seed orientation station for independently positioning each seed in the set in a desired orientation based on the collected image data. The system further includes a seed sample and sort station for extracting a sample from each seed in the set, sorting each sample to a sample tray and sorting each sampled seed to a seed tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Kevin L. Deppermann, Lee Yannakakis, Andrew M. Singleton, Angela R. Koestel, David W. Finley, Brian J. Forinash, Allen N. Ondes, Sam R. Eathington, Heather M. Forbes, Bruce J. Schnicker, Jason K. Bull
  • Patent number: 7998669
    Abstract: In various embodiments, the present disclosure provides an automated seed sampler system that includes a milling station for removing at least a portion of seed coat material from a seed and a sampling station for extracting a sample of seed material from the seed where the seed coat has been removed. A seed transport subsystem conveys the seed between the milling station and the sampling station and a seed deposit subsystem conveys the seed from the seed transport subsystem to a selected well in a seed tray after the seed has been sampled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Kevin Deppermann, Jennifer Listello, Phillip Rahn, Angela Koestel
  • Patent number: 7905050
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for processing seed or seed samples includes an autonomous sorter which sorts seed by pre-programmed criteria. Optional features can include a counter to autonomously ensure the correct number of seeds to a seed package, a cleaning device, a sheller, and a label applicator. A conveyance path, controlled automatically, can move the seed to appropriate and desired stations during the processing while maintaining the sample segregating from other samples. Validation of the sample can be pre-required and information about the sample can be derived and stored for further use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.
    Inventors: James L. Hunter, Andrew S. Nickerson, Lyndon J. Schroeder, Ronald D. Rushing, C. Fred Hood
  • Patent number: 7877926
    Abstract: An automated seed sampler includes a sampling station; a sampler for removing material from a seed in the sampling station; a seed conveyer for conveying the seed from the sampling station to a compartment in a seed tray; and a conveyor for conveying the material removed from the seed to a corresponding compartment in a sample tray. The method of the present invention comprises feeding seeds individually to a sampling station, removing a sample from the seed in the sampling station; conveying the sample to a compartment in a sample tray, and conveying the seed to a corresponding compartment in a seed tray. The samples can be tested, and the seeds can be sorted according to the results of the testing of their corresponding samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventor: Kevin L. Deppermann
  • Patent number: 7685768
    Abstract: An apparatus for the automated testing of seeds includes a testing device having a testing stage, for analyzing a seed delivered to the testing stage; and a conveyor for automatically individually conveying each of a plurality of seeds in a tray between individual compartments in the tray and the testing stage of the testing device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventor: Kevin L. Deppermann
  • Publication number: 20090260281
    Abstract: A method and system for producing a group of growth-induced seeds for commercial use or sale, the method including monitoring a physiological indication and/or morphometric indication for a seed, automatically determining if the monitored seed has a specific characteristic, separating the monitored seed having the specific characteristic into a group of seeds for commercial use or sale so that each and every seed in the group has been monitored and determined to have the specific characteristic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Publication date: October 22, 2009
    Applicant: BALL HORTICULTURAL COMPANY
    Inventor: Robert Conrad
  • Patent number: 7600642
    Abstract: A transport subsystem conveys seed holding well trays between a plurality of stations. A loading subsystem is positioned at a first station and is operable to load seeds into individual wells of the conveyed tray. An imaging subsystem is positioned at a second station and is operable to image the seeds contained within the tray wells. A mechanism is provided for flipping the seeds so as to enable the imaging subsystem to obtain multi-side seed images. A sorting subsystem is positioned at a third station and is operable to remove the seeds from the tray wells and sort the removed seeds into a plurality of sort bins. The sorting determination may be made based on an analysis of the seed images obtained by the imaging subsystem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2009
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology, LLC
    Inventor: Kevin L. Deppermann
  • Publication number: 20090077873
    Abstract: To provide an accelerated aging seed testing kit system, a single sheet of plastic or other suitable formable sheet material is pressed into the shape of a compartment base having recesses for mounting a seed holder. A seed holder that includes a seed support and a seed support holder is formed. The seed support holder is formed of a single sheet of plastic having radially extending tabs that fit into the recesses of the container to support the seed support above the bottom of the test kit. A bypass channel for addition of an aqueous solution used in the prescribed test condition is provided in the seed holder. A lid is formed out of one piece of plastic having a bendable tab to serve as a port and the openings and connecting points of the lid and seed holder are positioned so they can only fit together in one orientation having the port above the bypass channel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2007
    Publication date: March 26, 2009
    Applicant: Kamterter II, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Christopher Lee Petersen, John Alvin Eastin, Timothy Raymond Meyer
  • Patent number: 7367458
    Abstract: The invention provides apparatus for determining and recording characteristics of particulate material in a batch of such material comprising a separator chamber having an inlet, means for reading an identifier on a batch of particulate material supplied to the inlet and providing the identifier as a digital output, means for causing a flow of gas in the separator chamber to separate the particulate material into a first fraction and a second fraction, first counting means, second counting means, means for weighing the first fraction and providing the result as a digital output, and means for integrating the digital outputs and for transferring them to a computer programmed to store data in prescribed format in a database, from which it may be manipulated to afford comparison of characteristics of batches of particulate material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2008
    Assignee: CropDesign, N.V.
    Inventors: Frederik Leyns, Willy Dillen, Marcin Olik
  • Patent number: 7367155
    Abstract: A trait of interest is detected as being present within individual ones of a plurality of agricultural samples (such as seeds or plant tissues) by imaging the plurality of samples to form a magnetic resonance image. The image of the plurality of samples is then analyzed to detect image information indicative of the presence of the trait within one or more of the imaged samples. A determination is then made as to whether the trait is exhibited in individual ones of the samples based upon the foregoing analysis. As an example, the samples may be a plurality of seeds, and the detected trait may be oil. A determination is made, based on the image analysis, as to whether each individual seed in the multi-seed image contains oil. A further examination may be made to determine a relative content of oil in each seed as well as a content by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2008
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: John J. Kotyk, Kevin L. Deppermann
  • Patent number: 7332342
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a method for evaluating the physical strength of husks of a barley ingredient for malt manufacture. Barley kernels with husks are disposed in a sulfuric acid solution with a concentration of approximately 40% to 60%, and are agitated for a prescribed time (e.g. approximately 1 hour) using a stirrer bar or the like. After agitation, the barley kernels are treated with a mixed liquid of Methylene Blue and Eosin, and the degree of peeled husk (remaining degree) is examined by referring to the degree of dyed barley kernels, to thereby evaluate the physical strength of the husks of the barley kernels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2008
    Assignee: Sapporo Breweries Ltd.
    Inventor: Isao Kishinami
  • Publication number: 20040055211
    Abstract: A method to determine viability or non-viability of seeds is disclosed, wherein individual seeds or seed populations are analysed by a spectrometric method to provide spectral data; and said spectral data are compared with reference spectral data obtained for a reference seed or reference seed population by means of said spectrometric method and calibrated with reference to viability or non-viability of said reference seed or seed population by means of a calibrating method based on pattern recognition. Suitable calibrating methods are based on multivariate or megavariate analysis, neural network systems and regression analysis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2003
    Publication date: March 25, 2004
    Inventors: Torbjorn Lestander, Per Oden
  • Publication number: 20020144458
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for processing seed or seed samples includes an autonomous sorter which sorts seed by pre-programmed criteria. Optional features can include a counter to autonomously ensure the correct number of seeds to a seed package, a cleaning device, a sheller, and a label applicator. A conveyance path, controlled automatically, can move the seed to appropriate and desired stations during the processing while maintaining the sample segregating from other samples. Validation of the sample can be pre-required and information about the sample can be derived and stored for further use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2001
    Publication date: October 10, 2002
    Inventors: James L. Hunter, Andrew S. Nickerson, Lyndon J. Schroeder, Ronald D. Rushing, C. Fred Hood
  • Patent number: 6442893
    Abstract: A bean sprout culture box with a sprinkling device has a water tray, at least one culture case, a sprinkling case, a hollow sprinkler pivotally mounted in the sprinkling case and an inlet valve. The sprinkling case has multiple drain holes defined in the bottom of the sprinkling case. The hollow sprinkler has a chamber defined in the bottom of the sprinkler and multiple posts extending down from the sprinkler at the end opposite from the chamber. With such a bean sprout culture box, the sprinkling device can automatically sprinkle by the effect of gravity on the water, and electricity is not needed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Inventor: Wen-Chi Lai
  • Patent number: 6370815
    Abstract: Photosynthetic organisms are grown in a tube having a gas inlet at one end and a gas outlet at the other. The tube containing a rotor having vanes adapted to wipe the inside surface, the tube being disposed at an angle to the horizontal in a bath containing liquid, the gas inlet being lowermost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2002
    Inventors: Stephen Skill, Lee Fisher Robinson
  • Patent number: 6254049
    Abstract: A support bracket for mounting on a support wire includes a resilient U-shaped member having mutually orthogonal partial loops formed at the distal ends thereof. The legs of the U-shaped member lie in planes which diverge by an acute angle and which intersect through the base of said U-shaped member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Inventor: Ludwig W. Goehly
  • Patent number: 6150158
    Abstract: Methods and apparati for screening compounds for agricultural activity has now been developed which employ e.g., intact plants grown in microtiter plates on very small amounts of plant growth media containing a test compound. In comparison to the standard greenhouse screen, the microscreen requires vastly less space, labor, and test compound. However, unlike in vitro screens, responses of intact plants are assayed. Using the microscreen, high-throughput screening of test compounds can be accomplished using whole plant responses as the assay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Arvind Krishna Bhide, Carol L. Bush, Theodore William Frentzel, Jr., Mary Kolean Koeppe, Louis G. Rosanio, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6136329
    Abstract: Although compositions from seaweed have long been sought after for beneficial properties for the skin, the ability to produce efficacious compositions has been elusive. An intra-lamellar gel, produced from marine algae, has been found to enhance the condition of skin and hair. Milt, optionally in combination with intra-lamellar gel, also provides a composition useful for application to the skin or hair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2000
    Inventor: Diane C. Boratyn
  • Patent number: 6083740
    Abstract: A system for purifying a polluted air by using algae such as Spirulina is capable of reducing carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2), nitrogen oxide (NO.sub.x) and/or sulfur oxide (SO.sub.x) in the polluted air and generating oxygen. That is, this system comprises a culture tank filled with a culture fluid including the algae, an air supply unit for forcing the polluted air into the culture fluid to dissolve carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide and/or sulfur oxide in the culture fluid, and a lighting unit for radiating a light to the culture fluid. By radiating the light to the culture fluid in the presence of carbon dioxide, photosynthesis of the algae is promoted to convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. In addition, the algae use the nitrogen oxide and/or sulfur oxide as a nutrient during the photosynthesis. As a result, the present system can efficiently purify the polluted air to generate a purified air, which is rich in oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Spirulina Biological Lab., Ltd.
    Inventors: Keiun Kodo, Yasumasa Kodo, Makoto Tsuruoka
  • Patent number: 6079153
    Abstract: A novel and improved method for relieving hydrophobicity of peat moss, bark and rockwool used in horticultural media for plant propagation using an effective level of a composition consisting of certain copolymerized alkane oxides as described. A more effective method of delivering these materials based on a composition of hydrous, amorphous silica using the compositions of the present invention is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2000
    Assignee: Smithers-Oasis Company
    Inventor: Andrew Robert Templeton
  • Patent number: 6067750
    Abstract: An automatic sprinkling device for a bean sprout culture box assembly including a base box and a stacked culture boxes. The device includes a pump mounted on the base box which pumps water from the base box to the top culture box. The device includes a pump actuating circuit that actuates the pump, a transistor having a base and a collector, and a relay having a first end connected to the collector of the transistor and a second end connected to the pump. A microprocessor having an output is connected to the base of the transistor. A data setting unit is connected to an input of the microprocessor and arranged to input data into the microprocessor. A display unit is connected to the output of the microprocessor and displays data generated by the data setting unit. A memory device is connected to the microprocessor and is arranged to store data set by the data setting unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2000
    Inventor: Wen-Chi Lai
  • Patent number: 6056919
    Abstract: A method of sequestering carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) in an ocean comprises testing an area of the surface of a deep open ocean in order to determine the nutrients that are missing, applying to the area a first fertilizer that comprises an iron chelate, and measuring the amount of carbon dioxide that has been sequestered. The method may further comprise applying additional fertilizers, and reporting the amount of carbon dioxide sequestered. The method preferably includes applying a fertilizer in pulses. Each fertilizer releases each nutrient over time in the photic zone and in a form that does not precipitate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2000
    Inventor: Michael Markels, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6037170
    Abstract: An apparatus for culturing microalgae is characterized by comprising:(1) a waterway a to be filled with a suspension containing a culture solution and microalgae and adapted to be irradiated with sun beams while being held in contact with ambient air;(2) an upper hermetically sealed storage tank b for storing said suspension to avoid any contact between the latter and ambient air, said storage tank being provided with a deaeration and a switch valve;(3) an aeration pipe c arranged and apertured in the storage tank b for feeding pressurized gas into the storage tank b; and(4) a pressurized gas feeder d;the upstream end and the downstream end of the waterway a and the storage tank b being linked at the bottom of the storage tank b by way of a water conduit f to form an endless waterway; the upstream end and the downstream end of the waterway a and the storage tank b being linked at the bottom of the storage tank b so as to allow pressurized gas fed through the aeration pipe c to burst out from the bottom of the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2000
    Inventor: Toshirou Sekine
  • Patent number: 6033559
    Abstract: Compositions, methods and devices for bioremediation that comprise components of constructed microbial mats with organic and inorganic materials are described. The compositions, methods and devices can be used for bioremediation of different individual contaminants and for mixed or multiple contaminants, and for production of beneficial compositions and molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: Microbial Aquatic Treatment
    Inventors: Judith A. Bender, Peter C. Phillips
  • Patent number: 6008028
    Abstract: Compositions and methods of use of constructed microbial mats, comprising cyanobacteria and purple autotrophic bacteria and an organic nutrient source, in a laminated structure, are described. The constructed microbial mat is used for bioremediation of different individual contaminants and for mixed or multiple contaminants, and for production of beneficial compositions and molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1999
    Assignee: Microbial and Aquatic Treatment Systems
    Inventors: Judith A. Bender, Peter C. Phillips
  • Patent number: 6000551
    Abstract: A method for rupturing microalgae in an aqueous suspension is disclosed. In one embodiment the aqueous suspension is passed through a constriction into a liquid phase at a pressure sufficient to rupture the cells by circulating the aqueous suspension through a constriction in a pump loop at a pressure and a percent recycle sufficient to rupture the cells. Cells of the alga Dunaliella salina can be ruptured by the method of the invention to promote froth flotation and mechanical filtration of the cells for recovery of mixed carotenoids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Jeffrey Scott Kanel, Scott Arthur Guelcher
  • Patent number: 5992089
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for removing CO.sub.2 from the atmosphere. The method comprises the step of delivering a source of nitrogen to the mixed layer of the ocean to cause an increase in the number of phytoplankton in the mixed layer and thereby increase the amount of photosynthesis carried out by the phytoplankton. The source of nitrogen is delivered to the mixed layer at a location where an ocean current will carry the source of nitrogen and phytoplankton over a region of the ocean having a depth sufficient to allow dead phytoplankton and organic material derived from the phytoplankton to fall from the mixed layer and enable carbon originating from the CO.sub.2 to be sequestered from the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1999
    Inventors: Ian S.F. Jones, William Rodgers, Michael Kassipillai Gunaratnam, Helen Elizabeth Young
  • Patent number: 5981271
    Abstract: Process of outdoor thin-layer cultivation of algae in which suspension of algae saturated with carbon dioxide and enriched with necessary nutrients, is distributed on inclined cultivation areas where the suspension of algae is distributed on inclined cultivation areas under turbulent flow which depends on velocity of flow, on coefficient of roughness of the cultivation surfaces, on the thickness of the algal suspension layer and on inclination of the cultivation surface. Between individual cultivation areas carbon dioxide is supplied into the suspension and the suspension flowing from the lowest cultivation area is conveyed into the collecting tank from which it is pumped on the upper edge of the highest cultivation area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: Mikrobiologicky Ustav Akademie Ved Ceske Republiky
    Inventors: Jiri Doucha, Karel Livansky
  • Patent number: 5958761
    Abstract: A bioreactor for improved productivity of photosynthetic algae includes a tubular housing surrounding a tubular envelope located therein. The housing and envelope define a space therebetween to be filled with fluid. The housing and envelope are made of at least a translucent material and have inlet and outlet ports providing access to the space and the interior of the envelope. A mixer for mixing algae media is disposed inside the envelope. There is also provided a bioreactive system, wherein the envelope contains a fluid of selective refractive index and wherein, for a given geometrical relationship between the housing and the envelope, the radiation concentration power is controlled by modifying the refractive index of the fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: Yeda Research and Developement Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Amnon Yogev, Dan Yakir
  • Patent number: RE45489
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for processing seed or seed samples includes an autonomous sorter which sorts seed by pre-programmed criteria. Optional features can include a counter to autonomously ensure the correct number of seeds to a seed package, a cleaning device, a sheller, and a label applicator. A conveyance path, controlled automatically, can move the seed to appropriate and desired stations during the processing while maintaining the sample segregating from other samples. Validation of the sample can be pre-required and information about the sample can be derived and stored for further use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Pioneer Hi Bred International Inc
    Inventors: James L. Hunter, Andrew S. Nickerson, Lyndon J. Schroeder, Ronald D. Rushing, C. Fred Hood