Greenhouse, Apparatus Or Method Patents (Class 47/17)
  • Patent number: 10918022
    Abstract: An automated plant training system and related methods are designed to train medium to tall plants to grow in a height restricted space by adjusting the plant's direction of growth through the use of phototropism. The device can physically control the plant's main stem, branches and foliage from excessive vertical growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: Trella Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Aja N. Atwood, Andres Chamorro, III
  • Patent number: 10884327
    Abstract: A light source apparatus includes a plurality of light sources, a heat receiver configured to receive heat from the plurality of light sources, a cooler configured to cool the heat receiver, a first detector configured to detect a temperature near a first light source among the plurality of light sources, a second detector configured to detect a temperature near a second light source among the plurality of light sources; and a controller configured to control the cooler based on detection results of the first detector and the second detector. When the detection result of the first detector cannot be used, the controller controls the cooler based on a value of the detection result of the second detector without using the detection result of the first detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Toshiyuki Noda
  • Patent number: 10874064
    Abstract: An illustrative embodiment of a grow board may include an outer member that may be engaged with an inner member such that a grow media may be positioned therebetween, secured, and/or tightened by the engagement between the inner and outer members. The outer member may have one or more slots formed therein to allow a plant to grow from the grow media through the slots, wherein the root of the plant may be positioned adjacent the inner member. The inner member may be configured with risers along the periphery and interior to provide a sufficient gap between stacked grow boards to allow for improved penetration of light and air into the seeded and stacked grow boards to aid in seed germination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2020
    Assignee: LIVING GREENS FARM, INC.
    Inventors: Dana Anderson, Raymond L. Carriere, Richard Stoner, Daniel Lagro
  • Patent number: 10849281
    Abstract: An agricultural netting material has a construction profile across the width of the netting in which one or more construction elements varies across the width of the netting, a construction element in a first region of at least 20 cm width of the netting being different to the construction element in a second region of at least 20 cm width of the netting, the construction element being one of a yarn thickness, a yarn width, a yarn transmittance, a yarn pigmentation, a yarn reflectance, a yarn absorbance, a netting aperture size, a netting construction pattern and a netting cover factor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: NINE IP LIMITED
    Inventor: Jonathan Dallas Toye
  • Patent number: 10842081
    Abstract: An approach for controlling light exposure of a light sensitive object is described. Aspects of this approach involve using a first set of radiation sources to irradiate the object with visible radiation and infrared radiation. A second set of radiation sources spot irradiate the object in a set of locations with a target ultraviolet radiation having a range of wavelengths. Radiation sensors detect radiation reflected from the object and environment condition sensors detect conditions of the environment in which the object is located during irradiation. A controller controls irradiation of the light sensitive object by the first and second set of radiation sources according to predetermined optimal irradiation settings specified for various environmental conditions. In addition, the controller adjusts irradiation settings of the first and second set of radiation sources as a function of measurements obtained by the various sensors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: Sensor Electronic Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Shur, Alexander Dobrinsky, Maxim S. Shatalov, Arthur Peter Barber, III
  • Patent number: 10806100
    Abstract: An energy efficient system for a grow cabinet that maintains optimum growing conditions by reducing the heat contribution of the lighting and distributing air throughout the cabinet to maintain a set temperature uniformly. The system, using a LED lighting module with a reflective light guide plate, provides cool light uniformly to a plurality of plants in the grow cabinet, thereby reducing the amount of cooling required inside to maintain temperature. The lighting module is separate from the growing area, minimizing heat transfer to a grow chamber within the grow cabinet. The system advantageously dissipates heat through a plurality of metal components and beneficial air flow throughout the lighting module and growing chamber. The grow cabinet in the system provides precision control of the light and temperature while having a small footprint and low vertical clearance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: Mendel Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Martin Trtilek
  • Patent number: 10795253
    Abstract: A projection apparatus including a light source section, a projection section that projects light outputted from the light source section, and a control section that acquires captured image data produced by an imaging section, identifies a region of a projection target contained in the acquired captured image data and an image captured position of the region in the captured image data, determines a projection range over which the projection section projects light and a wavelength band of the light to be projected over the projection range based on the identified region and image captured position, and controls the projection section to cause the projection section to project light in the determined wavelength band over the determined projection range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Miyoshi, Kiichi Hirano
  • Patent number: 10785921
    Abstract: A grow light includes a plurality of cool white LEDs, a plurality of warm white LEDs, and a driver electrically coupled to the cool white LEDs and the warm white LEDs. An intensity level and spectral composition of the radiant energy emitted by the grow light may be tuned or configured by varying a ratio of the quantity of cool white LEDs to the quantity of warm white LEDs, by varying a spatial arrangement among the cool white LEDs and the warm white LEDs, or by varying a level of current provided to some or all of the cool white LEDs and the warm white LEDs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: CABATECH, LLC
    Inventor: Anthony Vilgiate
  • Patent number: 10785925
    Abstract: Techniques for generating high-yield fungi production are disclosed. In one particular embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a system for generating high-yield fungi production, the system comprising at least one modular container and a growing system housed within the modular container. The growing system may include a substrate preparation system configured to accept substrate and prepare substrate for pasteurization, a pasteurization system configured to pasteurize prepared substrate received from the substrate preparation system, a draining, cooling, and packing system configured to cool and drain pasteurized prepared substrate from the pasteurization system and to pack pasteurized and cooled substrate into at least one growing container, an inoculation system configured to inoculate the pasteurized and cooled substrate, and a plurality of vertical racks coupled to a ceiling of the modular container and configured to hold the at least one growing container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: FREIGHT FARMS, INC.
    Inventors: Brad McNamara, Jon Friedman
  • Patent number: 10743477
    Abstract: An irrigation method for hanging plants in a hanging plant carousel system that includes a frame and a measuring assembly. The frame is fixedly coupled to a substantially stationary structure, such as the building or a portion of a truss system supporting the carousel system. The measuring assembly includes a movable arm, a sensor and a controller. The movable arm has a contact surface with a measuring start and end point, which extends into the path of the basket hook coupled to the cable of the carousel system. The movable arm is displaceable by at least one of the basket hook or a plant pot structure coupled thereto. The sensor coupled to the movable arm and is configured to provide data from which the weight of a plant pot structure can be determined. The controller is configured to control a watering system to provide water to the plant pot structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: Control Dekk
    Inventor: Leonard Logsdon
  • Patent number: 10681877
    Abstract: A plant growing system configured to facilitate the growing of plants in an indoor environment. The plant growing system includes a reservoir fluidly coupled to a plurality of plant buckets by a pipe network. The pipe network has additionally operably coupled thereto a water temperature controller, an ozonator and a controller wherein the controller is configured to transfer water from the reservoir into the plurality of plant buckets. Each of the plant buckets has a float valve operably coupled to the pipe network which function to maintain the water level inside of the plant buckets. A plant support member is configured to be superposed the plant buckets and is operable to have a plant disposed therein. A metering pump and nutrient container are further provided so as to introduced contents disposed within the nutrient container into the reservoir. The pipe network includes a plurality of air vent lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Inventor: Robert Goodwin
  • Patent number: 10674680
    Abstract: A fan coil apparatus for a closed greenhouse that recirculates are within the greenhouse includes a housing with an intake and an outtake further including a filter that filters recirculating air that enters the intake, cooling coils that cool the recirculating air and condense water therefrom, heating coils that heat the recirculating air, a sterilization system that kills and prevents the spread of airborne pathogens, and a fan that directs the recirculating air through the outtake outside the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: Horticultural Solutions Ltd.
    Inventor: Shane Hutto
  • Patent number: 10667472
    Abstract: A system for mixing gases affecting the growth of plants (such as carbon dioxide) with returned extracted gases, refrigerating and introducing the mixed gases (via an air-moving device) into a space containing cultivated plants, and maintaining movement the mixed gases over the plants and then away from them is provided. As the mixed gases move over the plants, the mixture interacts with the plants, gathering emitted gaseous and vapor photosynthesis products from the plants. The movement of the mixed gases, which can be assisted by additional devices, transports emitted photosynthesis products away from the plants and towards a region of the spatial volume where these can be removed for subsequent processing, reintroduction, and/or storage. Processing can include moisture capture and liquid/gas separation. In an embodiment, separated mixed gases can be re-introduced into the spatial volume by the air-moving device, and separated liquid can be provided to the plants for nutrition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Inventor: Mankaew Muanchart
  • Patent number: 10624273
    Abstract: A method includes receiving a treatment temperature from a user device; positioning a tree within a treatment region of a canopy; flowing a fluid from a hot fluid generating system to the canopy; spraying the fluid from the hot fluid generating system into the treatment region of the canopy; and selectively enabling and disabling a fluid flow from the hot fluid generating system to the canopy to maintain the treatment temperature within the treatment region of the canopy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: Skavis Corporation
    Inventors: Randall James Davis, Charles Francis Noll, Jr., Tom Wallis Airhart, James Seth Niece, Brian Lee Kelley, Matthew Phillip Vogel
  • Patent number: 10602677
    Abstract: Provided is a plant growth apparatus including: an apparatus main body having a growth space configured to grow a plant therein; an illumination device configured to irradiate light to the plant; and air conditioning device configured to control the internal air of the growth space. The illumination device includes a plurality of light source units provided separately from the apparatus main body. The air conditioning device includes a plurality of air conditioners provided separately from the apparatus main body. One of the plurality of light source units and/or one of the plurality of air conditioners is/are selected and connected to the apparatus main body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: Koito Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masato Gomi
  • Patent number: 10595473
    Abstract: Described is a reflective ground cover sheet material (1) in which longitudinally extending opposite side margins (A) of the sheet material are stronger than a longitudinally extending center section between the side margins of the material. Also described is a reflective ground cover sheet material (1) having longitudinally extending opposite side margins (A) of the sheet material of lower porosity than a longitudinally extending center section between the side margins of the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: NINE IP LIMITED
    Inventor: Jonathan Dallas Toye
  • Patent number: 10575473
    Abstract: A greenhouse framework (22) is assembled out of a framework material (24) such as typical pipes and the like, and the outer periphery of the greenhouse framework (22) is covered by a sheet outer surface member (30) formed from a plastic sheet; a sheet inner surface member (32) is formed on the inner side of the greenhouse framework (22) in a manner of being spaced by intervals to a certain extent from the sheet outer surface member (30) by using a heat shield sheet such that all of a floor surface (32a), a wall surface (32b), and a ceiling surface (32c) are substantially in a sealed state; and an air conditioning device (40) is installed. Thus, a desirable thermal insulation property is achieved between the inside of the greenhouse and the outside of the greenhouse, and air conditioning can be implemented with high energy efficiency. In other words, a greenhouse for plant cultivation that has a simple configuration and can be air conditioned with high energy efficiency can be provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignees: The University of Tokyo, Plants Laboratory Inc.
    Inventors: Saneyuki Kawabata, Atsuyuki Yukawa, Shinji Shimizu
  • Patent number: 10551005
    Abstract: An inflatable structure for gas storage includes an inner bladder containing a gas for storage and an outer wall spaced from the inner bladder. An intermediate space between the bladder and the outer wall is pressurized with a gas (such as air) other than the storage gas so that the structure is protected from environmental conditions such as wind and snow loading. The bladder and outer wall may be flexible fabric membranes and may be provided with lightweight support frames. The structures may be combined in a network of like structures for large scale storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Inventor: Waldemar Ptaszek
  • Patent number: 10524426
    Abstract: A method of stimulating plant growth in a controlled environment that includes providing a lighting assembly having a network of lighting elements such as light emitting diodes (LEDs) that provide light at a color tailored for an individual plant. The lighting assembly is positioned adjacent a plant such that the light produced is received by the plant. The lighting assembly additionally has a control assembly that includes driving circuitry that modulates the lighting elements to controllably provide predetermined periods of light and dark to stimulate continuous growth of the plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V.
    Inventor: Zdenko Grajcar
  • Patent number: 10519901
    Abstract: An Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Valve is disclosed including a housing having a first side configured to be coupled with a fresh air inlet, a second side configured to be coupled with an outlet, and an exhaust-gas inlet defined at a bottom of the housing. The housing may include one or more inner surfaces defining at least one path to direct a condensate, when present at any point on a bottom surface of an inside of the housing, to a low point within the housing directed by gravity. The outlet may be configured to be fluidically coupled with a turbo compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Andreas Kuske, Franz Arnd Sommerhoff, Joerg Kemmerling, Hanno Friederichs, Vanco Smiljanovski, Helmut Matthias Kindl, Daniel Roettger, Christian Winge Vigild
  • Patent number: 10477780
    Abstract: A multiple cell horticulture propagation tray arranged in rows of star-shaped cells forming a substantially rectangular shaped tray having the cells formed therein, combined with inserted cylindrically shaped growing media plugs comprising primarily of peat moss with an amount of biochar, and enveloped to retain moisture within the growing media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: HGCI, Inc.
    Inventor: Rod Davis
  • Patent number: 10477783
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the environment controlled multi span structured greenhouses equipped with the modules Z1 to Z7 and plurality of sensors. Z1 comprises a capture manifold, a compressor, tanks T1, T2, Ta, and a release manifold, Z2 comprises an earth tube heat exchanger for very low cost heating and cooling of greenhouses in respective cold and hot locations, substantially reducing fossil fuel use, Z3 maintains greenhouse air relative humidity at a defined set point, Z4 harnesses bio-thermal energy, Z5 reduces global warming by preventing greenhouse carbon dioxide from being released into atmospheres, Z6 uses activated nutrients solutions substantially reducing input cost in drip and foliar dozing, Z7 comprises a film fixed to the greenhouse roof and to the four external sides' and automated 0 to 100% roll on and roll off thermal shading curtains wherein the greenhouse does not comprise gutters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Inventor: Sat Parkash Gupta
  • Patent number: 10455777
    Abstract: The environmentally-controlled security enclosure for plant material is adapted for use with a plant. The environmentally-controlled security enclosure for plant material is an environmentally-controlled space within which a plant may be grown, stored, and secured. The environmentally-controlled security enclosure for plant material comprises an inner housing, an environmental system, an internal frame, an outer frame, and a control system. The plant is maintained within the inner housing. The environmental system controls the environmental conditions within the inner housing. The internal frame is a framework upon which the inner housing, the environmental system, and the control system are mounted. The outer frame is an exterior shell within which the internal frame, the inner housing, the environmental system and the control system are contained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Inventor: Deman Dennison
  • Patent number: 10448582
    Abstract: A method and system is provided for agriculture field clustering and ecological forecasting. The present application provides a method and system for agriculture field clustering and ecological forecasting based on the clustered agriculture fields, comprises capturing an absolute ground data representing a plurality of field measurements of the agriculture fields; capturing a plurality of weather conditions of the agriculture fields; generating a feature set comprising of said absolute ground data and weather data of the agriculture fields; adaptively clustering the plurality of agriculture fields based on the feature set to generate a cluster; generating a generic forecasting model for ecological forecasting comprising of common features of the feature set in said cluster; selecting at least one feature out of the feature set for generating a plurality of adaptive forecasting model based for ecological forecasting and recommending control measures to a user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: Tata Consultancy Services Limited
    Inventors: Bhushan Jagyasi, Sandika Biswas, Jayantrao Mohite
  • Patent number: 10433492
    Abstract: A method for increasing the yield of a flowering plant includes positioning a lighting device with respect to a lower minor height of the flowering plant, i.e., at a height of less than half of the plant's total height. The method includes irradiating the lower minor height of the plant with light in a predetermined range of the electromagnetic spectrum for a duration of a flowering stage of a life cycle of the flowering plant. The lighting device may be an annular clamshell design that circumscribes a stalk of the flowering plant. Such a design may be clamped to the stalk via a spring force of a pair of spring-loaded clamps. The lighting device may include a plurality of ref LEDs arranged in an arcuate manner. At least 80 percent of the light from the lighting device is in the predetermined range of 580 nm to 780 nm, and may be in the range of 600 nm to 700 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: Sulejmani Holdings, LLC
    Inventor: Memet Sulejmani
  • Patent number: 10390496
    Abstract: A system for regulating the supply of conditioned gases to an environmentally controlled enclosure. A greenhouse or warehouse in which plants are grown are supplied with gases having a controlled absolute humidity, temperature, and carbon dioxide content. The properties of exhaust gas from the environmentally controlled enclosure are measured, and the mass of bone dry gas provided, the absolute humidity, temperature, and carbon dioxide content in the enclosure are maintained, and the transpiration rate of plants in the enclosure is measured by comparing properties of conditioned gas at the inlet with exhaust gas exhausted from the enclosure, in order to enhance transpiration of the plants in the enclosure, to allow the grower to maximize growth or other selected properties of the plants under cultivation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Inventor: William D Carson
  • Patent number: 10383287
    Abstract: A vertical planter for growing plants includes a frame, a plurality of support planes each having a support surface for supporting at least one plant, wherein the plurality support planes are supported by the frame and a nutrient supply system including a nutrient distribution feature for delivering liquid nutrient to the support surface of a uppermost support plane, a nutrient conducting arrangement for conducting liquid nutrient from the uppermost support plane to a lowermost support plane via the support surface of intermediate support planes, and nutrient receiving feature for receiving liquid nutrient from the support surface of the lowermost support plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: 3GREN OY
    Inventors: Tuukka Kingelin, Markus Nilsson
  • Patent number: 10330353
    Abstract: Cold storage unit apparatuses designed for high energy efficiency are provided, which may include: a refrigeration system; a box enclosing an interior space, the box formed by a plurality of insulated sides; an entry into the interior space including a plurality of openable barriers facilitating preventing entry of heat or moisture into the interior space; and a power system connected to the refrigeration system, the power system facilitating independent operation of the refrigeration system when not connected to a power grid, and further facilitating a net energy use of zero from a power grid when connected to a power grid. Cold storage units may further include systems for using the refrigerant of the refrigeration system to defrost one or more components of the cold storage unit, and for using the refrigerant to facilitate maintaining a desired internal temperature of the interior space of the cold storage unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: ZEROENERGY BUILDINGS, INC.
    Inventors: K. George Keleshian, Suresh Krishnaji Bhate
  • Patent number: 10292340
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a system for illuminating plants in an indoor site, comprising a plurality of illumination units for emitting light in intermittent pulses; a central unit connected to the plurality of illumination units for synchronizing the operation of the plurality of illumination units, such that two or more plants clusters receive light in intermittent pulses emitted in the same time. The illumination units may contain wireless communication units and are synchronized wirelessly. The present invention also discloses adjusting an illumination plan of plants according to information of various types from a central server and adjusting the height of the illumination units accordingly. The system adjusts illumination plans according to information received from one or more sites, and predicts problematic situations from a series of images.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: FLORA FOTONICA LTD.
    Inventor: Gennadiy Berinsky
  • Patent number: 10285337
    Abstract: The present invention is a compact plant enclosure intended for use in locations with peripheral space restrictions. The top and one side of the enclosure form a continuous curved face which consists of multiple translucent flexible access panels that can be slid along guide channels incorporated into the sides of the curved frame components on either side of the flexible panels. The guide channels and flexible panel edges may incorporate retention features that limit the lateral movement of the flexible access panels. The opposing wall may include a single translucent vertical panel or multiple vertical access panels. The remaining two vertical sides of the plant enclosure each consist of a fixed, translucent rigid panel. In another embodiment of the present invention, multiple distinct intermediate segments of the enclosure are defined by interstitial curved and vertical frame components supporting adjacent sets of flexible access and opposing vertical panels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Inventor: Christopher Garrison Wark
  • Patent number: 10278338
    Abstract: A greenhouse is disclosed that generally comprises an enclosed growing section with an enclosed end gable adjacent to the growing section. The end gable is arranged to flow air into the growing section. Air distribution tubes are included within the growing section with the tubes arranged to provide for substantially uniform air flow into the growing section. The air tubes can also be arranged to compensate for heat differential between the air in the tubes and in the growing section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: GLASS INVESTMENTS PROJECTS, INC.
    Inventor: Casey Houweling
  • Patent number: 10278337
    Abstract: A greenhouse is disclosed that generally comprises an enclosed growing section with an enclosed end gable adjacent to the growing section. The end gable is arranged to flow air into the growing section. Air distribution tubes are included within the growing section with the tubes arranged to provide for substantially uniform air flow into the growing section. The air tubes can also be arranged to compensate for heat differential between the air in the tubes and in the growing section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: GLASS INVESTMENTS PROJECTS, INC.
    Inventor: Casey Houweling
  • Patent number: 10219446
    Abstract: A plant growing apparatus including a chamber for growing plants. The chamber includes a base for receiving the plants, a lid movably mounted in relation to the base having an outer face and an opposite inner face, and a collapsible screen having an inner surface and being mounted between the base and the lid for closing the chamber. The collapsible screen is operable between an extended configuration and a collapsed configuration. The collapsible screen is configured to collapse upon approaching the lid towards the base and to extend, upon distancing the lid away from the base. The plant growing apparatus also includes a horticultural lamp mounted on the inner face of the lid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Inventor: Carl Paquette
  • Patent number: 10206336
    Abstract: A greenhouse having glass panels that is designed to capture and retain warmth in the colder months may be totally unsuitable for use in the warmer months as the conditions inside may be too hot. And conversely, for a structure designed to keep plants cooler during hot weather. This invention provides a building or structure that can easily be modified to provide improved growing conditions for plants in a range of seasons. This is made possible by a construction that facilitates easy removal and replacement of the major panels of the building, for example glass panels can quickly be replaced with shade panels when the seasons change from cold to hot. The top rails of the structure include a removal section providing access to remove both side wall panels and roofing panels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Inventor: John Martin Herrick
  • Patent number: 10172294
    Abstract: A plant-cultivating method is provided which comprises a red light irradiation step (A) and a blue light irradiation step (B), wherein the step (A) and the step (B) are independently carried out for a predetermined period of time under cultivation conditions such that the concentration of carbon dioxide in a cultivation atmosphere at the step (B) is higher than that at the step (A). Preferably the concentrations of carbon dioxide at the step (B) and the step (A) are 1000-2500 ppm and 700-1500 ppm, respectively. The concentration of carbon dioxide at the step (B) is preferably at least 200 ppm higher than that at the step (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: SHOWA DENKO K.K.
    Inventor: Ryouichi Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 10172301
    Abstract: Techniques for generating high-yield fungi production are disclosed. In one particular embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a system for generating high-yield fungi production, the system comprising at least one modular container and a growing system housed within the modular container. The growing system may include a substrate preparation system configured to accept substrate and prepare substrate for pasteurization, a pasteurization system configured to pasteurize prepared substrate received from the substrate preparation system, a draining, cooling, and packing system configured to cool and drain pasteurized prepared substrate from the pasteurization system and to pack pasteurized and cooled substrate into at least one growing container, an inoculation system configured to inoculate the pasteurized and cooled substrate, and a plurality of vertical racks coupled to a ceiling of the modular container and configured to hold the at least one growing container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Freight Farms, Inc.
    Inventors: Brad McNamara, Jon Friedman
  • Patent number: 10172295
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for providing horticulture light (511) to a crop (1), the method comprising sideways illuminating the crop (1) with the horticulture light (511) of a lighting device (500), the lighting device (500) comprising a grid (530) comprising a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs) (510) and a plurality of through holes (570), wherein one or more of the plurality of LEDs (510) are configured to provide said horticulture light (511).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING B.V
    Inventors: Marcellinus Petrus Carolus Michael Krijn, Gabriel-Eugen Onac, Alexander Jacobus Mariette Van Neer
  • Patent number: 10159204
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a floating carrier and a cultivation system for crops such as lettuce in floating carriers on water. The cultivation system comprises a basin comprising at least one elongate production pond with an infeed end on a short side and an opposite outfeed end and with water therein, a number of elongate floating carriers, the length of which corresponds to the width of the elongate production pond and which move in an orientation transversely of a longitudinal direction of the elongate production pond through the production pond from the infeed end to the outfeed end at a rate corresponding to bringing the crops to full growth, which floating carriers each comprise a number of growth locations for the crops where holders for the crops or roots of the crops extend into the water, and a transport system comprising a lifting mechanism and conveyors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: Viscon B.V.
    Inventors: Anthony Visser, Simon Joost Kleinjan
  • Patent number: 10125370
    Abstract: A method for producing a useful protein using a plant of the present invention comprises the steps of: cultivating the plant (cultivation step); infecting the cultivated plant with Agrobacterium having a polynucleotide encoding the useful protein (infection step); and allowing the infected plant to express the useful protein (expression step); wherein, in at least part of the cultivation step, the plant is cultivated under lighting conditions where the ratio of the light energy within the wavelength region of 600 nm to 700 nm to the light energy within the wavelength region of 400 nm to 800 nm is not less than 50%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Makoto Murase, Daisuke Kitahara, Nobuhiro Ikezawa, Hiroyuki Tanaka
  • Patent number: 10111394
    Abstract: Systems and associated apparatus and methods are described for growing plants in a dense and efficient manner in an indoor environment using artificial light. The systems are configured to hold a high density of plants at a relatively close, substantially fixed distance from a light fixture that provides artificial light for growth of the plants. As the plants grow, the plants are transferred to one or more following stations or stages, each of which is configured to hold the now larger plants at the same relatively close, substantially fixed distance from a light fixture. By providing multiple stages to accommodate plant growth, and maintaining the close positioning of the plants to the light fixtures, the impact of the artificial light on the growth of the plants is maximized and the efficiency of the electrical energy use is increased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Garden Fresh Farms LLC
    Inventors: David Roeser, Bryan Roeser
  • Patent number: 10112814
    Abstract: A scalable vertical conveyor cyclically carries planters (i.e. trays) in a closed path through a sub-floor dark zone and an above floor illuminated zone. A dark zone, formed below a floor, provides a dark region that simulates nighttime. The rate of travel simulates a growing day, such as, but not limited to a 24 hour growing day. One or more lighting, irrigation and fertigation elements are provided in the illuminated zone. Optionally, the portion of the conveyor in the dark and illuminated zones are adjustable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Power Greenhouse Integration LLC
    Inventor: F. Mack Shelor
  • Patent number: 10104843
    Abstract: A self-watering portable greenhouse is disclosed having a tubular frame constructed of light-weight, water-tight tubular members which serves as a combined structural skeleton for external walls, a platform for plant containers, and a reservoir for liquid nutrients provided to plants in plant containers by self-watering through a wick connecting the reservoir and the plant containers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Inventor: Michael A. Stewart
  • Patent number: 10094116
    Abstract: A plant-cultivation method and system that aids automation of farms/lawns, home-farms, roof-farms and similar conveyor-based farms. The plants are held on the conveyor preferably the whole of their life. The conveyor is operated such that the plants repeatedly visit the same processing resource(s) throughout their life. Repetitive plant processes are automated and centralized including watering, nutrient-feed, pruning, inspecting, treatment, harvesting, etc. Eliminates duplicate resources. Multiple types of plants can be grown simultaneously. Applicable to lawns and eliminates noisy gasoline mowers. Converts building-roofs and walls into fully automated lawns/farms. Home & building owners farm on their building and enjoy the organic harvest and optionally sell to neighbors. Saves on the building energy costs, farming resource capacity and the fossil fuel usage. Helps farming in non-fertile lands. Increases green-house resources efficiency. Adaptable with hydroponic, aquaponic or aeroponic farming methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Inventor: Aravinda Raama Mawendra
  • Patent number: 10080334
    Abstract: An ecological hydroponics control system includes an ecological hydroponics house, wherein: the ecological hydroponics house is provided with ecological control system, smart host system, sensing system and planting system, the smart host system is connected to the ecological control system, the sensing system and the planting system, the ecological control system includes: water supplying and draining system, lighting system, air conditioning system, ventilating system, humidifying system and gas supplying system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: Lrider Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yongsheng Li
  • Patent number: 10080357
    Abstract: In an insect pest attraction lighting system which irradiates a field with attraction light for attracting insect pests to keep the insect pests away from a plant, an effect of protection against diurnal insect pests is improved. An insect pest attraction lighting system 1 includes: a setting unit 2 which sets, as an operating time zone, an arbitrary time zone during nighttime; an artificial sunlight source unit 3 which irradiates the entirety of an interior of a plastic greenhouse H1 with artificial sunlight which does not include wavelength components of 500 to 600 nm, in the operating time zone; and an attraction light source unit 4 which irradiates a portion of the interior of the plastic greenhouse H1 with attraction light in the operating time zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignees: PANASONIC CORPORATION, OSAKA PREFECTURE UNIVERSITY PUBLIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tatsukiyo Uchida, Makoto Yamada, Minoru Ishii, Norio Hirai
  • Patent number: 10076083
    Abstract: To provide a technique whereby, in cultivating a crop, factors relating to differentiation into flower buds and leaf buds, sprouting, flowering and fruiting, growth of young shoots, etc., are regulated. For example, the invention addresses the problem of regulating the growth of a crop so that leaf buds sprout in tandem and with the sprouting of flower buds and flowering and fruiting are repeated under fresh foliage. [Solution] A plant cultivation method which comprises environmentally stimulating a plant to regulate differentiation into flower buds and/or differentiation into leaf buds. In a typical embodiment, the plant is help in an environment at a temperature of 16-40° C. at a photoperiod of 8-13 hours immediately after harvesting fruits. As another environmental stimulus, the plant is held in, for example, an environment at a temperature of 3-7° C. As still another environmental stimulus, the plant as held in, for example, an environment at a temperature of 16-23° C. at a photoperiod of 8-11 hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION TOKYO UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Isao Ogiwara, Jingai Che, Naomi Horiuchi, Takuya Murakami, Saori Sekiguchi
  • Patent number: 10060129
    Abstract: A system and method for controlling light shading and thermal insulation in a light transmissive structure is disclosed. An array of adjacently-positioned, inflatable first tubes is provided, each of the first tubes being inflatable to abut an inflated adjacent first tube. Each of an array of inflatable second tubes is nested within, and inflatable independent of one of the first tubes. Each of the second tubes is connected to one of the first tubes such that when not inflated, each of the second tubes is flattened within the one of the first tubes. When inflated, each of the second tubes abut an inflated adjacent second tube via first tubes. The first tubes are preferably clear, while the second tubes are made of a reflective material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Inventor: Jonathan David Chelf
  • Patent number: 10034435
    Abstract: A system includes an enclosed space defining a controllable environment chamber. The system also includes at least one monitoring device configured to measure multiple characteristics of an environment within the chamber. The system further includes multiple actuators configured to alter the characteristics of the environment within the chamber. The enclosed space includes at least one rack system configured to be placed within the enclosed space. Each rack system includes multiple layers configured to receive multiple plants to be grown in the chamber. The actuators are configured to adjust the characteristics of the environment within the chamber to condition the environment based on the plants to be grown in the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: GREENTECH AGRO LLC
    Inventors: Alan J. Helene, Glenn Behrman
  • Patent number: 10034342
    Abstract: An indoor horticultural system includes a grow bed and a lighting system arranged in proximity to the grow bed. The lighting system includes lighting fixtures having an optical axis and a light distribution whose intensity increases as the angle of the generated light increases in relation to the optical axis to increase cross-lighting. Alternately, the lighting system includes lighting fixtures mounted at varying angles and with varying beam widths so as to increase cross-lighting. Series connected light fixtures include a master light fixture that employs an intensity controller to control the intensity of light generated by each of the series-connected light fixtures, where the intensity controller derives operational power from an LED string contained within the master light fixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Illum Horticulture LLC
    Inventors: Stephen P. Adams, James V. Rhodes, Arthur A. Wilkes, Darin M. Carpenter
  • Patent number: 10031117
    Abstract: Automated systems and methods for screening individual plants for increased tolerance or sensitivity to various conditions are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Keith A Koutsky, Susan R Norris, James V O'Brien, Douglas Boyes