Greenhouse, Apparatus Or Method Patents (Class 47/17)
  • Patent number: 10292340
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a system for illuminating plants in an indoor site, comprising a plurality of illumination units for emitting light in intermittent pulses; a central unit connected to the plurality of illumination units for synchronizing the operation of the plurality of illumination units, such that two or more plants clusters receive light in intermittent pulses emitted in the same time. The illumination units may contain wireless communication units and are synchronized wirelessly. The present invention also discloses adjusting an illumination plan of plants according to information of various types from a central server and adjusting the height of the illumination units accordingly. The system adjusts illumination plans according to information received from one or more sites, and predicts problematic situations from a series of images.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: FLORA FOTONICA LTD.
    Inventor: Gennadiy Berinsky
  • Patent number: 10285337
    Abstract: The present invention is a compact plant enclosure intended for use in locations with peripheral space restrictions. The top and one side of the enclosure form a continuous curved face which consists of multiple translucent flexible access panels that can be slid along guide channels incorporated into the sides of the curved frame components on either side of the flexible panels. The guide channels and flexible panel edges may incorporate retention features that limit the lateral movement of the flexible access panels. The opposing wall may include a single translucent vertical panel or multiple vertical access panels. The remaining two vertical sides of the plant enclosure each consist of a fixed, translucent rigid panel. In another embodiment of the present invention, multiple distinct intermediate segments of the enclosure are defined by interstitial curved and vertical frame components supporting adjacent sets of flexible access and opposing vertical panels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Inventor: Christopher Garrison Wark
  • Patent number: 10278338
    Abstract: A greenhouse is disclosed that generally comprises an enclosed growing section with an enclosed end gable adjacent to the growing section. The end gable is arranged to flow air into the growing section. Air distribution tubes are included within the growing section with the tubes arranged to provide for substantially uniform air flow into the growing section. The air tubes can also be arranged to compensate for heat differential between the air in the tubes and in the growing section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: GLASS INVESTMENTS PROJECTS, INC.
    Inventor: Casey Houweling
  • Patent number: 10278337
    Abstract: A greenhouse is disclosed that generally comprises an enclosed growing section with an enclosed end gable adjacent to the growing section. The end gable is arranged to flow air into the growing section. Air distribution tubes are included within the growing section with the tubes arranged to provide for substantially uniform air flow into the growing section. The air tubes can also be arranged to compensate for heat differential between the air in the tubes and in the growing section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: GLASS INVESTMENTS PROJECTS, INC.
    Inventor: Casey Houweling
  • Patent number: 10219446
    Abstract: A plant growing apparatus including a chamber for growing plants. The chamber includes a base for receiving the plants, a lid movably mounted in relation to the base having an outer face and an opposite inner face, and a collapsible screen having an inner surface and being mounted between the base and the lid for closing the chamber. The collapsible screen is operable between an extended configuration and a collapsed configuration. The collapsible screen is configured to collapse upon approaching the lid towards the base and to extend, upon distancing the lid away from the base. The plant growing apparatus also includes a horticultural lamp mounted on the inner face of the lid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Inventor: Carl Paquette
  • Patent number: 10206336
    Abstract: A greenhouse having glass panels that is designed to capture and retain warmth in the colder months may be totally unsuitable for use in the warmer months as the conditions inside may be too hot. And conversely, for a structure designed to keep plants cooler during hot weather. This invention provides a building or structure that can easily be modified to provide improved growing conditions for plants in a range of seasons. This is made possible by a construction that facilitates easy removal and replacement of the major panels of the building, for example glass panels can quickly be replaced with shade panels when the seasons change from cold to hot. The top rails of the structure include a removal section providing access to remove both side wall panels and roofing panels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Inventor: John Martin Herrick
  • Patent number: 10172294
    Abstract: A plant-cultivating method is provided which comprises a red light irradiation step (A) and a blue light irradiation step (B), wherein the step (A) and the step (B) are independently carried out for a predetermined period of time under cultivation conditions such that the concentration of carbon dioxide in a cultivation atmosphere at the step (B) is higher than that at the step (A). Preferably the concentrations of carbon dioxide at the step (B) and the step (A) are 1000-2500 ppm and 700-1500 ppm, respectively. The concentration of carbon dioxide at the step (B) is preferably at least 200 ppm higher than that at the step (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: SHOWA DENKO K.K.
    Inventor: Ryouichi Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 10172301
    Abstract: Techniques for generating high-yield fungi production are disclosed. In one particular embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a system for generating high-yield fungi production, the system comprising at least one modular container and a growing system housed within the modular container. The growing system may include a substrate preparation system configured to accept substrate and prepare substrate for pasteurization, a pasteurization system configured to pasteurize prepared substrate received from the substrate preparation system, a draining, cooling, and packing system configured to cool and drain pasteurized prepared substrate from the pasteurization system and to pack pasteurized and cooled substrate into at least one growing container, an inoculation system configured to inoculate the pasteurized and cooled substrate, and a plurality of vertical racks coupled to a ceiling of the modular container and configured to hold the at least one growing container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Freight Farms, Inc.
    Inventors: Brad McNamara, Jon Friedman
  • Patent number: 10172295
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for providing horticulture light (511) to a crop (1), the method comprising sideways illuminating the crop (1) with the horticulture light (511) of a lighting device (500), the lighting device (500) comprising a grid (530) comprising a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs) (510) and a plurality of through holes (570), wherein one or more of the plurality of LEDs (510) are configured to provide said horticulture light (511).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING B.V
    Inventors: Marcellinus Petrus Carolus Michael Krijn, Gabriel-Eugen Onac, Alexander Jacobus Mariette Van Neer
  • Patent number: 10159204
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a floating carrier and a cultivation system for crops such as lettuce in floating carriers on water. The cultivation system comprises a basin comprising at least one elongate production pond with an infeed end on a short side and an opposite outfeed end and with water therein, a number of elongate floating carriers, the length of which corresponds to the width of the elongate production pond and which move in an orientation transversely of a longitudinal direction of the elongate production pond through the production pond from the infeed end to the outfeed end at a rate corresponding to bringing the crops to full growth, which floating carriers each comprise a number of growth locations for the crops where holders for the crops or roots of the crops extend into the water, and a transport system comprising a lifting mechanism and conveyors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: Viscon B.V.
    Inventors: Anthony Visser, Simon Joost Kleinjan
  • Patent number: 10125370
    Abstract: A method for producing a useful protein using a plant of the present invention comprises the steps of: cultivating the plant (cultivation step); infecting the cultivated plant with Agrobacterium having a polynucleotide encoding the useful protein (infection step); and allowing the infected plant to express the useful protein (expression step); wherein, in at least part of the cultivation step, the plant is cultivated under lighting conditions where the ratio of the light energy within the wavelength region of 600 nm to 700 nm to the light energy within the wavelength region of 400 nm to 800 nm is not less than 50%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Makoto Murase, Daisuke Kitahara, Nobuhiro Ikezawa, Hiroyuki Tanaka
  • Patent number: 10111394
    Abstract: Systems and associated apparatus and methods are described for growing plants in a dense and efficient manner in an indoor environment using artificial light. The systems are configured to hold a high density of plants at a relatively close, substantially fixed distance from a light fixture that provides artificial light for growth of the plants. As the plants grow, the plants are transferred to one or more following stations or stages, each of which is configured to hold the now larger plants at the same relatively close, substantially fixed distance from a light fixture. By providing multiple stages to accommodate plant growth, and maintaining the close positioning of the plants to the light fixtures, the impact of the artificial light on the growth of the plants is maximized and the efficiency of the electrical energy use is increased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Garden Fresh Farms LLC
    Inventors: David Roeser, Bryan Roeser
  • Patent number: 10112814
    Abstract: A scalable vertical conveyor cyclically carries planters (i.e. trays) in a closed path through a sub-floor dark zone and an above floor illuminated zone. A dark zone, formed below a floor, provides a dark region that simulates nighttime. The rate of travel simulates a growing day, such as, but not limited to a 24 hour growing day. One or more lighting, irrigation and fertigation elements are provided in the illuminated zone. Optionally, the portion of the conveyor in the dark and illuminated zones are adjustable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Power Greenhouse Integration LLC
    Inventor: F. Mack Shelor
  • Patent number: 10104843
    Abstract: A self-watering portable greenhouse is disclosed having a tubular frame constructed of light-weight, water-tight tubular members which serves as a combined structural skeleton for external walls, a platform for plant containers, and a reservoir for liquid nutrients provided to plants in plant containers by self-watering through a wick connecting the reservoir and the plant containers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Inventor: Michael A. Stewart
  • Patent number: 10094116
    Abstract: A plant-cultivation method and system that aids automation of farms/lawns, home-farms, roof-farms and similar conveyor-based farms. The plants are held on the conveyor preferably the whole of their life. The conveyor is operated such that the plants repeatedly visit the same processing resource(s) throughout their life. Repetitive plant processes are automated and centralized including watering, nutrient-feed, pruning, inspecting, treatment, harvesting, etc. Eliminates duplicate resources. Multiple types of plants can be grown simultaneously. Applicable to lawns and eliminates noisy gasoline mowers. Converts building-roofs and walls into fully automated lawns/farms. Home & building owners farm on their building and enjoy the organic harvest and optionally sell to neighbors. Saves on the building energy costs, farming resource capacity and the fossil fuel usage. Helps farming in non-fertile lands. Increases green-house resources efficiency. Adaptable with hydroponic, aquaponic or aeroponic farming methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Inventor: Aravinda Raama Mawendra
  • Patent number: 10080334
    Abstract: An ecological hydroponics control system includes an ecological hydroponics house, wherein: the ecological hydroponics house is provided with ecological control system, smart host system, sensing system and planting system, the smart host system is connected to the ecological control system, the sensing system and the planting system, the ecological control system includes: water supplying and draining system, lighting system, air conditioning system, ventilating system, humidifying system and gas supplying system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: Lrider Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yongsheng Li
  • Patent number: 10080357
    Abstract: In an insect pest attraction lighting system which irradiates a field with attraction light for attracting insect pests to keep the insect pests away from a plant, an effect of protection against diurnal insect pests is improved. An insect pest attraction lighting system 1 includes: a setting unit 2 which sets, as an operating time zone, an arbitrary time zone during nighttime; an artificial sunlight source unit 3 which irradiates the entirety of an interior of a plastic greenhouse H1 with artificial sunlight which does not include wavelength components of 500 to 600 nm, in the operating time zone; and an attraction light source unit 4 which irradiates a portion of the interior of the plastic greenhouse H1 with attraction light in the operating time zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignees: PANASONIC CORPORATION, OSAKA PREFECTURE UNIVERSITY PUBLIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tatsukiyo Uchida, Makoto Yamada, Minoru Ishii, Norio Hirai
  • Patent number: 10076083
    Abstract: To provide a technique whereby, in cultivating a crop, factors relating to differentiation into flower buds and leaf buds, sprouting, flowering and fruiting, growth of young shoots, etc., are regulated. For example, the invention addresses the problem of regulating the growth of a crop so that leaf buds sprout in tandem and with the sprouting of flower buds and flowering and fruiting are repeated under fresh foliage. [Solution] A plant cultivation method which comprises environmentally stimulating a plant to regulate differentiation into flower buds and/or differentiation into leaf buds. In a typical embodiment, the plant is help in an environment at a temperature of 16-40° C. at a photoperiod of 8-13 hours immediately after harvesting fruits. As another environmental stimulus, the plant is held in, for example, an environment at a temperature of 3-7° C. As still another environmental stimulus, the plant as held in, for example, an environment at a temperature of 16-23° C. at a photoperiod of 8-11 hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION TOKYO UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Isao Ogiwara, Jingai Che, Naomi Horiuchi, Takuya Murakami, Saori Sekiguchi
  • Patent number: 10060129
    Abstract: A system and method for controlling light shading and thermal insulation in a light transmissive structure is disclosed. An array of adjacently-positioned, inflatable first tubes is provided, each of the first tubes being inflatable to abut an inflated adjacent first tube. Each of an array of inflatable second tubes is nested within, and inflatable independent of one of the first tubes. Each of the second tubes is connected to one of the first tubes such that when not inflated, each of the second tubes is flattened within the one of the first tubes. When inflated, each of the second tubes abut an inflated adjacent second tube via first tubes. The first tubes are preferably clear, while the second tubes are made of a reflective material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Inventor: Jonathan David Chelf
  • Patent number: 10034435
    Abstract: A system includes an enclosed space defining a controllable environment chamber. The system also includes at least one monitoring device configured to measure multiple characteristics of an environment within the chamber. The system further includes multiple actuators configured to alter the characteristics of the environment within the chamber. The enclosed space includes at least one rack system configured to be placed within the enclosed space. Each rack system includes multiple layers configured to receive multiple plants to be grown in the chamber. The actuators are configured to adjust the characteristics of the environment within the chamber to condition the environment based on the plants to be grown in the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: GREENTECH AGRO LLC
    Inventors: Alan J. Helene, Glenn Behrman
  • Patent number: 10034342
    Abstract: An indoor horticultural system includes a grow bed and a lighting system arranged in proximity to the grow bed. The lighting system includes lighting fixtures having an optical axis and a light distribution whose intensity increases as the angle of the generated light increases in relation to the optical axis to increase cross-lighting. Alternately, the lighting system includes lighting fixtures mounted at varying angles and with varying beam widths so as to increase cross-lighting. Series connected light fixtures include a master light fixture that employs an intensity controller to control the intensity of light generated by each of the series-connected light fixtures, where the intensity controller derives operational power from an LED string contained within the master light fixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Illum Horticulture LLC
    Inventors: Stephen P. Adams, James V. Rhodes, Arthur A. Wilkes, Darin M. Carpenter
  • Patent number: 10031117
    Abstract: Automated systems and methods for screening individual plants for increased tolerance or sensitivity to various conditions are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Keith A Koutsky, Susan R Norris, James V O'Brien, Douglas Boyes
  • Patent number: 10018962
    Abstract: An optical scanning device includes a cooling air passage that passes through inside of the housing, a blowing part that takes in air outside of the housing from a first end portion of the cooling air passage and allowing the air to be discharged from a second side portion, the first end portion facing the second side portion, a foreign matter falling concave part provided adjacent to the transparent cover in the predetermined direction such that an accumulated foreign matter is fallen at a front side in a progress direction of the cleaning member when the cleaning member reaches each moving end of the reciprocal movement path, and a communication passage that allows the foreign matter falling concave part and the cooling air passage to communicate with each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: KYOCERA DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS INC.
    Inventor: Tomohiro Sue
  • Patent number: 9995446
    Abstract: A lighting system for stimulating plant growth. The system includes a first blade. The first blade includes at least some of the light fixtures in the first array of light fixtures. The system additionally includes a second blade. The second blade includes at least some of the light fixtures in the second array of light fixtures. The system moreover includes a support. The support configured to receive the first blade and connect the first blade to a power supply.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Inventor: Douglas H. Powell
  • Patent number: 9938423
    Abstract: Plasticizers comprising a dialkyl 2,5-furandicarboxylate and plasticized polymeric compositions comprising such plasticizers. Such plasticized polymeric compositions can be employed in forming various articles of manufacture, such as coated conductors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventor: Bharat I. Chaudhary
  • Patent number: 9920523
    Abstract: A pressure-sensitive relief panel for screened enclosures of swimming pools, spas or patios is disclosed. By securing the panels with a pressure release system the structure and panels can remain intact year round. If a weather event occurs either with or without warning the panels will automatically provide relief from loads or forces imposed by the event that could cause damage or even collapse of the structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Inventor: Timm Bierman
  • Patent number: 9907236
    Abstract: Controls for the climate in a space such as a building such as greenhouse, barn, office and house or such as a vehicle such as car, ship and aircraft. An organism therein forms part of the control system for the climate in the space, and the controls comprise the at least co-controlling of the temperature of this organism. Use is here at made of at the level of the organism supplied, unsaturated, in dependence of directing by the controls conditioned air. The controls depart from a temperature registration of the organism and climate registration (temperature, air humidity and -speed) in the space at two respective height levels. With an at a first level established relation between climate parameters and organism temperature an expectation in organism temperature is determined on the basis of a change in the climate parameters at the second level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: Priva B.V.
    Inventor: Petrus Gerardus Hendrikus Kamp
  • Patent number: 9901840
    Abstract: A playhouse assembly for constructing a dome-shaped housing. The playhouse assembly includes one or more contoured upper wall elements that connect to one another to form an upper wall of a dome-shaped structure, resembling an igloo. A transparent dome-shaped window is secured to the top of the upper wall in order to form the peak of the dome-shaped structure. Each upper wall element includes one or more rods extending from a lower edge thereof, wherein the rods can be inserted into a lower wall formed by snow. In some embodiments of the playhouse assembly, one or more lower wall elements are included, wherein each of the lower wall elements connect to one another to form the lower wall of the structure, rather than using snow to form the lower wall thereof. Further, a ring-shaped template is provided in order to guide a user when constructing the lower wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Inventors: Mary Hollowell, Denise Blaede
  • Patent number: 9894844
    Abstract: The air emission device for growing plants includes a plurality of air emission units for respectively emitting an air flow onto the new leaves growing on a tip of a stem of each plant that has one stem. The transpiration effect on the leaves and suctioning of water and nutrition from the roots of the plants can be promoted. Thus, wilting of leaves can be prevented and the tip burn due to insufficient calcium can be avoided. Provision of the air emission units are effectively arranged to evenly or uniformly supply air onto the new leaves of the each plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignees: FUJI SEIKO CO., LTD., FUJI SHOJI CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Katsunori Takashima, Masashi Yoshida
  • Patent number: 9881072
    Abstract: In an example, a network is described with a plurality of data sources. Each data source may provide a feature, such as a data type that the data source collects or generates. A data aggregator may be connected to the network, and configured to collect, classify, and merge features as appropriate. The data aggregator includes a discriminator for classifying features, a merger, unmerger, converter, and evaluator. Features are provided to one or more expert systems configured to control one or more systems based on the features. Feedback to the data aggregator is used to evaluate the success of a merge. When a merge is found to be unhelpful, features may be unmerged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: McAfee, LLC.
    Inventors: Igor Muttik, Paul H. Whittington
  • Patent number: 9854750
    Abstract: A method and system for continuous automated growing of plants utilizes production lines each comprising a number of growth sections, each growth section comprising multiple horizontal transport levels, each level of each section having a source of light and liquid nutrient, and plant growing trays which move horizontally into, along and out of each transport level; whereby each subsequent growth section has a greater length than the previous section to receive a greater number of growing trays than the previous section so that as plants grow, the number of plants per growing tray is decreased but the number of plants per growth section remains constant. A group of plants is thereby broken out into an ever greater number of trays as it proceeds through the growing sections from germination to harvest, with the ability to simultaneously start the growth cycle for additional crops.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: Affinor Growers Inc.
    Inventor: Nicholas G. Brusatore
  • Patent number: 9848544
    Abstract: Plants are grown in adjacent rows of trays that are rotated within a pool of a nutrient solution. The roots of the plants are at least partly immersed in the nutrient solution. Each row includes a gap wide enough to receive a single tray from an adjacent row. Using three rows, the plants are planted only in one of the rows, and later the rotation is used to space the planted trays one tray apart. Each tray is a parallelepipedal block with apertures for supporting respective plants. The long sides of the blocks have protrusions for preventing adhesion of the blocks. Airlift pumping circulates the nutrient solution past the roots and maintains at least 80% dissolved oxygen saturation in the nutrient solution. A screen of parallel inflatable tubes provides adjustable shade above the pool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: GROWPONICS GREENHOUSE TECHNOLOGY LTD.
    Inventors: Lior Hessel, Geoffrey Smith
  • Patent number: 9812925
    Abstract: Processing units and electrical power generation are integrated with a botanical environment to form a closed loop system whereby the outputs of one component serve as the inputs of another. Additionally, humans can be added to the system while maintaining the closed loop nature. Heat generated by the electrical power generation and processing units aids in the growth of botanicals and in the conversion of waste organic materials into both fertilizer and fuel for the electrical power generation. Additionally, carbon dioxide output by the electrical power generation is consumed by the botanicals, which, in turn, output oxygen consumed by the electrical power generation. Water is obtained by passing the exhaust of the electrical power generation across condenser coils, and is utilized for adiabatic cooling, as well as a heat transfer medium. Water is also consumed by the botanicals, aiding their growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventors: Christian L. Belady, Brian Janous, Sean James
  • Patent number: 9775309
    Abstract: The present invention is an apparatus and associated methods for more efficiently managing factors critical to the efficient production of beneficial plant life. The apparatus in one embodiment is a cylinder filled with a plant growth medium. The cylinder receives seedlings by the use of baskets that are inserted into the external surface of the cylinder. The seedlings are irrigated by fluids received along the axis of the cylinder. The axis of the cylinder is oriented perpendicular to the force of gravity (parallel to the earth's surface) and rotates along the cylinder axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Inventor: Gary Edward McAleer
  • Patent number: 9769992
    Abstract: A shading device for a greenhouse includes a shading element and at least one lighting element, wherein the shading element comprises an outer side and an inner side. The shading element is formed from interwoven electrically conductive first thread elements and electrically insulating second thread elements. The first and/or second thread elements each may be adapted for reflecting an ambient light. The lighting element(s) may be arranged at the inner side of the shading element and connected with the first thread elements, and the lighting element(s) may be driven by an electrical current, conducted by the first thread elements, resulting in the emission of an artificial light, which may illuminate a plant growing in the greenhouse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Assignee: PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING B.V.
    Inventor: Joseph Hendrik Anna Maria Jacobs
  • Patent number: 9606553
    Abstract: To produce food, plants rely on three main ingredients, sun energy, water, and carbon dioxide, the cost of which is zero. To address the food and energy security concerns, two mysteries are resolved for the first time: i)—Photosynthetic efficiency is known to be very low, the scientific full accounting for all the losses is lacking; ii)—Fanning is known to be profitable, yet accounting for the zero cost of solar energy is not understood. This inventor resolved them by the derivation of a simple mathematical law, AgriPAL, comprising explicitly, a new solar gain factor >200× which offset the low efficiency of ˜0.005. In the absence of the sun, the newly found solar gain goes to 1. Since SanSSoil enables harnessing the third dimension, the sky is the limit. Water saving of >100 is realized through the controlled enclosed environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Inventor: Sadeg M. Faris
  • Patent number: 9605220
    Abstract: Energy-efficient gasification-based multi-generation apparatus, facilities, or systems, and methods of modifying existing gasification-based multi-generation apparatus and the various conventional thermal coupling arrangements, are provided. An exemplary gasification-based multi-generation apparatus includes a gasification system configured to generate raw syngas feed from a carbon-based feedstock, and an acid gas removal system configured to remove acidic contaminants from the raw syngas feed to thereby provide a treated syngas feed. The gasification system includes a gasification reactor, a syngas fluid cooler reactor, and a soot ash removal unit comprising a soot quench column, a soot separator, a soot filter, a soot scrubber, and a gasification system energy management system having a conventional set of heat exchanger unit and an added set of heat exchanger units to enhance energy efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventor: Mahmoud Bahy Noureldin
  • Patent number: 9597450
    Abstract: A system and method for a patch-like, self-contained substance infusion device which can be attached to a skin surface via an adhesive contact surface. A push button activation assembly can then be used to remove an interlock, allowing a disk or Belleville spring assembly to apply an essentially even and constant pressure to the contents of a fluid reservoir assembly. This allows the release of one or more spring-loaded patient needles into the skin surface, and establishes a fluid communication path between the patient needles and the pressurized fluid reservoir contents thereby delivering an infusion into the skin. The push button activation assembly further allows the release of one or more improved safety mechanisms after use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: Becton, Dickinson and Company
    Inventors: Chris Cindrich, Ralph Sonderegger, Glade Howell, Weston Harding, Alex Lastovich, Lionel Vedrine
  • Patent number: 9560813
    Abstract: A high-rise building (1) is described, which comprises a building structure (2) with floor structures (3), a double-skin façade comprising a first skin (5) and a second skin (6). The high-rise building also comprises at least one conveying system (7, 7?, 7?) arranged between the skins (5, 6) of the double-skin façade and arranged for moving trays (8) vertically between the skins (5, 6) between a starting position (9, 9?, 9?) and an end position (10, 10?, 10?). The conveying system (7, 7?, 7?) comprises essentially horizontal track portions (14) each having a length axis (15), track connecting means (18) which connect the track portions (14), and conveying means for movement of the trays (8) along the length axis (15) of the track portions (14) and along the track connecting means (19).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: PLANTAGON INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventor: Hans Hassle
  • Patent number: 9554523
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a passive solar greenhouse for controlling the greenhouse's interior environment and maximizing photosynthetic metabolism within the plants grown therein through regulation of sunlight, temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide levels and methods optimizing plant growth conditions by using passive solar greenhouse of the present invention. Generally the greenhouse has a sloped glazed face which faces substantially true south in the Northern hemisphere and substantially true north in the Southern hemisphere with a predetermined slope angle designed to maximize incident solar radiation (insolation) and increase the interior temperature during the colder months of the year while reducing overheating during the warmer months of the year.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Inventors: Terry Neal Carroll, Michael Robert Duus
  • Patent number: 9545060
    Abstract: A growth chamber carousel is provided which may be used to grow plants in a chamber. The chamber includes an artificial light source, a plurality of plant supports, a supporting structure configured to rotate the plant supports between two positions, the first position being closer to the artificial light source than the second, and a divider separating the chamber into a light region containing the artificial light source and one of the plant supports in the first position and a dark region containing the other plant support in the second position. The divider is moveable between a first divider position in which the divider prevents movement of the plant supports and a second divider position in which the divider does not prevent movement of the plant supports.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: Dow Agrosciences LLC
    Inventors: Barry Wiggins, Dawn M. Parkhurst, Michael Vercauteren
  • Patent number: 9516820
    Abstract: An irrigation system for hanging plants in a hanging plant carousel system that includes a frame and a measuring assembly. The frame is fixedly coupled to a substantially stationary structure, such as the building or a portion of a truss system supporting the carousel system. The measuring assembly includes a movable arm, a sensor and a controller. The movable arm has a contact surface with a measuring start and end point, which extends into the path of the basket hook coupled to the cable of the carousel system. The movable arm is displaceable by at least one of the basket hook or a plant pot structure coupled thereto. The sensor coupled to the movable arm and is configured to provide data from which the weight of a plant pot structure can be determined. The controller is configured to control a watering system to provide water to the plant pot structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: Control Dekk
    Inventor: Leonard Logsdon
  • Patent number: 9491950
    Abstract: The present invention provides for the first time a biological system which provides the dual function of killing termites and other wood damaging insects while also producing a by-product substance having the capability of repairing damage by termites and other insects to wood and related cellulosic products. The present invention, a biological system, toxic to termites, is provided which produces a means by which damage caused by termites is repaired, said means comprising a by-product produced by a modification of the bacteria of the genus Gluconacetobacter. Preferably, the biological system is in the form of toxic bait.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: ICY T
    Inventor: Manuel Gidekel
  • Patent number: 9474217
    Abstract: An illustrative embodiment of an irrigation system may include a carriage that may move along a predetermined path in a reciprocal manner. The carriage may support one or more exit ports that may be fed nutrient supply by a pressurized delivery arrangement. One or more plant stands may be configured and arranged to straddle the carriage as it moves along the predetermined path. The one or more plant stands may form a chamber into which plant roots may extend, and into which the one or more exit ports may discharge their nutrient supply. The one or more plant stands may include side panels and a cap to reduce infiltration of light and contaminants and to enhance the plant root/nutrient supply interface and absorption rates. The carriage and/or the plant stand(s) may include friction reducing elements that facilitate transverse movement. The carriage and/or the plant stand(s) may be supported by framework.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: LIVING GREENS FARM IP, LLC
    Inventors: Dana Anderson, Allen James
  • Patent number: 9456556
    Abstract: An improved method to produce artificial light for plant cultivation, an illumination device with a semiconductor light emission solution and device suited for plant cultivation in a greenhouse and/or dark growth chamber environment are described. The best mode is considered to be a lighting device with LEDs that produces an emission spectrum similar to the photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) spectrum in a dark growth chamber. The methods and arrangements allow more precise spectral tuning of the emission spectrum for lights used in plant (310, 311) cultivation. Therefore unexpected improvements in the photomorphogenetic control of plant growth, and further improvements in plant production, especially in dark growth chambers, such as basements, are realized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: VALOYA OY
    Inventors: Lars Aikala, Ilkka Kivimaki
  • Patent number: 9426947
    Abstract: A device is provided which ensures uniform irradiation of plants with infrared radiation along with ultraviolet and/or visible radiation and requires a small number of infrared emitters relative to the cultivation area. The infrared emitters are designed for temperatures of 800° C. to 1800° C. Each has a cylindrical emitter tube having a length of 50 mm to 500 mm. The emitter tubes extend parallel to one another in an emitter zone located above the culture plane. The infrared emitter occupation density relative to the area of the culture plane is between 0.2 m?2 and 1.0 m?2. Irradiation regions of adjacent infrared emitters on the culture plane overlap such that average irradiance on the culture plane is between 10 watt/m2 and 100 watt/m2 with a variation range of a maximum of 50%. A reflector facing a structural space is assigned to a top side of the emitter tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignee: Heraeus Noblelight GmbH
    Inventors: Oliver Weiss, Sven Linow
  • Patent number: 9392753
    Abstract: The invention provides an interface (20) for converting a desired physiological plant response into control instructions for at least one lighting system (4,5) which has an adjustable lighting property, said interface (20) comprising: a receiver for receiving a desired physiological plant response; a processor functionally coupled to said receiver for converting said desired physiological plant response into said control instructions, and a transmitter (7), functionally coupled to said processor for transmitting said control instructions to said at least one lighting system (4,5) wherein said desired physiological plant response is defined as a set point in a multi-dimensional horticulture action space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventors: Marcellinus Petrus Carolus Michael Krijn, Henricus Marie Peeters, Esther Maria Van Echtelt, Marc Andre Peters, Cristina Tanase, Gabriel-Eugen Onac, Celine Catherine Sarah Nicole, Rob Franciscus Maria Van Elmpt
  • Patent number: 9364606
    Abstract: A system and method for a patch-like, self-contained substance infusion device (700) which can be attached to a skin surface via an adhesive contact surface. A push button (780) activation assembly can then be used to remove an interlock (730), allowing a disk or Belleville spring (735) assembly to apply an essentially even and constant pressure to the contents of a fluid reservoir assembly (710). This allows the release of one or more spring-loaded patient needles (760) into the skin surface, and establishes a fluid communication path between the patient needles (760) and the pressurized fluid reservoir contents thereby delivering an infusion into the skin. The push button (780) activation assembly further allows the release of one or more improved safety mechanisms (794) after use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: Becton, Dickinson and Company
    Inventors: Chris Cindrich, Ralph Sonderegger, Glade Howell, Weston Harding, Alex Lastovich, Lionel Vedrine
  • Patent number: 9295202
    Abstract: This disclosure is for an automated canopy greenhouse having a motor driven canopy that is pulled over curved arch supports. The greenhouse has a generally rectangular base framework to which the arches are attached, the outside of the structure having the general shape of a cylinder cut lengthwise and resting on its flat side. A canopy or tarp is wound around a drum positioned near the bottom of one of the long sides. A shuttle bar is attached to two trolleys each of which ride on an arch at each end of the greenhouse. The trolleys are motor driven. One end of the canopy is attached to the shuttle bar and closes or opens the greenhouse as the trolleys and shuttle bar are moved. Inside the drum there is a torsion spring that is preloaded to balance the load of the canopy and associated hardware as the canopy is being raised or lowered. Successive greenhouse units may be attached to a first greenhouse unit that has the motor, and tarps on the successive units may be closed or opened using the same motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Inventors: David Wallace, Matthew Aaron Vallotton
  • Patent number: 9260730
    Abstract: Methods and systems for collecting, purifying, and/or extracting ethanol produced during anaerobic metabolism by aquatic plants is provided. The system includes a cell containing water and an aquatic plant, an ethanol extraction assembly in fluid communication with the cell for removing ethanol from the water. Ethanol is released by the aquatic plant by initiating an anaerobic process in the plant such as by regulating the photosynthesis inducing light that reaches the aquatic plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: AQUATECH BIOENERGY LLC
    Inventor: Tony A. Hagen