Seed Germinator Patents (Class 47/61)
  • Patent number: 10772264
    Abstract: A system for growing plants in an urban setting is provided. The system includes a container. The container is made of a watertight material. The container includes a base and a sidewall extending from the base forming a receptacle within. The present invention further includes a cell layer. The cell layer includes a horizontal base and a plurality of vertical extending cell walls forming a plurality of water cells therebetween. A porous layer covers the cell layer. The porous layer includes a plurality of pores permitting molecules the size of water and smaller to pass through. The cell layer covered with the porous layer are disposed within the receptacle. The cell layer is then covered with soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Inventor: Marcia Kirkley
  • Patent number: 10760039
    Abstract: Embodiments herein disclosed relate to a computer-controlled germination system built around a rotating vessel within which a germinating process takes place. The system includes automatable controls over air flow, water flow, temperature, and vessel rotation; and air and water recirculation mechanisms provide energy efficient control over air and water temperature, humidity, and/or CO2 content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: SALISH COAST ENTERPRISES, INC.
    Inventors: William D. Redding, Wayne E. Carpenter
  • Patent number: 10667469
    Abstract: A system for growing a plant (1) in an at least partly conditioned environment includes a cultivation base (11) for receiving a culture substrate (3) with a root system (4) of the plant therein. Root temperature control elements (12) are provided which are able and adapted to impose a predetermined root temperature on the root system, and lighting elements (20,21,22) which are able and adapted to expose leaves of the plant to actinic artificial light. Leaf heating elements are also provided, which are able and adapted to impose on the leaf of the plant a leaf temperature varying from an ambient temperature. In a method for growing the plant a carbon dioxide assimilation management of a leaf system of the plant is thus influenced, and a supply of actinic light, the root temperature and the carbon dioxide assimilation management are adapted to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: PLANTLAB GROEP B.V.
    Inventors: John Van Gemert, Martinus Kers, Gerardus Johannes Jozef Maria Meeuws
  • Patent number: 10517227
    Abstract: An indoor three-dimensional planting frame, includes a composite frame, a control system, planting pots and LED light panels, wherein the composite frame is assembled from a plurality of side baffles, fixing rings and fixing plates; said side baffles are vertically arranged on both sides of a frame body of the composite frame, and ends of adjacent side baffles are connected to the fixing rings; the fixing rings are arranged horizontally as rectangular rings of beams, and a plurality of mounting holes are arranged thereon; the fixing plates are bracket plates; the LED light panels are fixed at the bottom of the fixing plates with screws, and multiple LED light wicks are arranged on the LED light panels; The indoor three-dimensional planting frame helps control the plant growth photoperiod and photomorphogenesis by controlling the work cycle of the grow lights and the fans.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: Foshan GrowSpec Eco-Agriculture Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yong Ma
  • Patent number: 8966813
    Abstract: To provide an accelerated aging seed testing kit system, a single sheet of plastic or other suitable formable sheet material is pressed into the shape of a compartment base having recesses for mounting a seed holder. A seed holder that includes a seed support and a seed support holder is formed. The seed support holder is formed of a single sheet of plastic having radially extending tabs that fit into the recesses of the container to support the seed support above the bottom of the test kit. A bypass channel for addition of an aqueous solution used in the prescribed test condition is provided in the seed holder. A lid is formed out of one piece of plastic having a bendable tab to serve as a port and the openings and connecting points of the lid and seed holder are positioned so they can only fit together in one orientation having the port above the bypass channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Kamterter II, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Christopher Lee Petersen, John Alvin Eastin, Timothy Raymond Meyer
  • Patent number: 8938911
    Abstract: A device for sprouting includes an element (1; 101; 201) with opposing first and second openings (2, 7; 102, 7; 202, 7), a water and air-permeable material layer (15; 215), wherein the material layer (15; 215) can be removably mounted on the element (1; 101; 201) so that it covers the first opening (2; 102; 202) of the element (1; 101; 201). The device is characterized in that the element (1; 101; 201) is shell-shaped and extends continuously between the first and second openings (2, 7; 102, 7; 202, 7), and the second opening (7) can be closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Inventor: Tina Schuler
  • Patent number: 8763305
    Abstract: The seed test kit includes a compartment base, a lid and a holder for an oxygen scavenger. The base includes a liquid gas exchange control trough around its perimeter. It is sized to house a high moisture holding seed planting surface pack at the bottom so seeds can be placed on top of the surface to imbibe and initiate pre-germination mechanisms. The lid has an edge that fits into a trough that houses a gas barrier liquid in the base to form an airtight seal and has an attachable compartment for an oxygen scavenger so the kit may be placed together in an airtight configuration with the oxygen scavenger inside to provide an anaerobic atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Kamterter Products, LLC
    Inventors: Christopher Lee Petersen, John Alvin Eastin, Timothy Raymond Meyer
  • Patent number: 8720110
    Abstract: A business method comprising a step by step procedure for quick, clean and efficient cleaning of hydroponics growing (“Flood”) trays. The method essentially comprises the use of a custom-fitted tray insert of a lightweight material designed to fit inside the much heavier-duty hydroponics growing tray. After the plants are grown, the lightweight insert tray is removed and discarded, thus saving the manual labor of cleaning and sanitizing the heavy-duty growing tray before the next use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: BMT Partners
    Inventors: Brian Hayes, Michael Blasetti
  • Patent number: 8683743
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a grain germinating system comprising a temperature controlling device, an incubation device, a drying device and a monitoring device. The temperature controlling device comprises a heat pump module, an air conditioning module and a piping module. The heat pump module can output a high or low temperature heat exchanging liquid. The temperature of a culture medium of a grain is adjusted by the incubation device. The incubated grain is dried by the drying device. The air conditioning module is for a plant building. The piping module is connected with the heat pump module, and is provided for the high or low temperature heat exchanging liquid to flow. The incubation device and the drying device are heated by the high temperature heat exchanging liquid. The drying device is cooled by the low temperature heat exchanging liquid provided for the air condition of the plant building to use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Taipei Medical University
    Inventors: Chun-Mao Lin, Fu-Der Mai, Chien-Lung Hung, Chwen-Ming Shih
  • Publication number: 20140053463
    Abstract: An insulated grain germination unit is disclosed. The insulated grain germination unit is comprised of a plurality of insulated doors, each insulated door corresponding to a particular tray, or set of trays, and pivoting to permit access to the tray(s) housed within the unit thus minimizing impact to the internal growing environment for the remaining trays. Trays are dimensioned to facilitate manual removal of harvest-ready sprouted grains.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Inventor: Abdessamad Khaled
  • Patent number: 8627598
    Abstract: An apparatus for growing and harvesting a tangled mass composed of sprouted seed grain includes a plurality of overlying immobile, substantially planar surfaces having a length. Each surface is configured to receive a layer of seed grain that is permitted to grow for a predetermined period of time on each surface, the layer of seed grain becoming a continuous tangled mass of sprouted seed grain. An extraction device removes the mass from each surface. A cleaning device removes debris from each surface prior to each surface receiving a subsequent layer of seed grain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Sprouting Works, LLC
    Inventors: Dennis Souder, Ivan W. Martin
  • Patent number: 8499493
    Abstract: A sprout cultivation device has a carrying body, a controlling device, at least one container, a tube and a sprinkling device. The carrying body controls the amount of water by a water controller and changes the pumping time by a timer. Moreover, an actuating switch is mounted to the carrying body to start a motor to pump the fluid to a cultivation space via the tube. Because seeds of sprouts are embedded in a tray of the container and the fluid is regularly injected into the container via the tube by the motor, the sprout cultivation device is operated automatically without manpower and accelerates the mature time of the sprouts to increase harvest. Moreover, the carrying body interiorly defines a reservoir space for accommodating the fluid to significantly diminish the carrying body's size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Yan-Hua Biotech Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Chin-Ming Huang
  • Patent number: 8387308
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a separately washable rice germination apparatus which has a motor as a power source enabling the continuous circulation of circulating water for supplying moisture needed to germinate rice germs and an impeller rotated by the rotation of the motor, the motor and the impeller being detachably coupled to each other by means of a magnet force, such that scales or foreign substances accumulated in a water tank and the impeller during rice germination can be easily removed therefrom, and that separates a section where circulating water is sucked from a section where the sucked circulating water is pushed upwardly to a germination container, such that the circulation efficiency of the circulating water can be improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Inventor: Seong Hyeon Kim
  • Patent number: 8375628
    Abstract: A saturated cold germination test kit includes a compartment base, a lid and a holder for an oxygen scavenger. The base is water and airtight and includes a liquid gas exchange control trough around its perimeter. It is sized to house a high moisture holding seed planting surface pack at the bottom so seeds can be placed on top of the surface to imbibe and initiate pre-germination mechanisms. The lid has an edge that fits into a trough that houses a gas barrier liquid in the base to form an airtight seal and has an attachable compartment for an oxygen scavenger so the kit may be placed together in an airtight configuration with the oxygen scavenger inside to provide an anaerobic atmosphere for performing the saturated cold germination test in a cool location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Kamterter Products, LLC
    Inventors: Christopher Lee Petersen, John Alvin Eastin, Timothy Raymond Meyer
  • Publication number: 20120266535
    Abstract: A sprout cultivation device substantially has a carrying body, a controlling device, at least one container, a tube and a sprinkling device, wherein the carrying body controls the amounts of water by a water controller and changes the pumping time by a timer. Moreover, an actuating switch is mounted o the carrying body to start a motor to pump the fluid to a cultivation space via the tube. Because seeds of sprouts are embedded in a tray of the container and the fluid is regularly injected into the container via the tube by the motor, the sprout cultivation device is operated automatically without manpower and accelerates mature time of the sprouts to increase harvest. Moreover, the carrying body interiorly defines a reservoir space for accommodating the fluid to significantly diminish carrying body's size.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2011
    Publication date: October 25, 2012
    Inventor: Chin-Ming Huang
  • Patent number: 8234812
    Abstract: A transportable fodder production unit is disclosed that includes an insulated container having a front end and a rear end, a plurality of trays each having drain apertures through a bottom side thereof, a racking system for supporting each of the trays with a plurality of shelves extending from the front end of the container to the rear end of the container, an irrigation system attachable to a water source and having a water tank in fluid communication with a plurality of spray heads through a pump and a plurality of pipes, a lighting system that maintains a predetermined illumination within the container, a thermal control system that maintains the temperature inside the container within a predetermined temperature range, and a central control system for activating the other systems and maintaining electrical load balancing on a power source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Inventors: Terry Colless, Flavio Raccanello
  • Patent number: 8215058
    Abstract: A seed germination device for use in connection with a drip irrigation system, which includes a drip irrigation emitter having a water inlet tube for connection to a water source, an emitter housing having a base and a perimeter wall that define a partially enclosed interior space, an open end, and a water outlet, and a cellulosic seed packet disposed within the enclosed interior space and over said water outlet tube. When the emitter housing is disposed on or under soil and the water turned on, the seed packet dissolves and the germination commences.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Inventor: Jeffrey A. Cook
  • Publication number: 20120102831
    Abstract: A method for in vitro germination of seeds of Haloxylon persicum i.e., Ghada plant is disclosed. The method includes soaking sterilized seeds in sterile water for a predetermined time. Soaking facilitates development of germinating embryos from the sterilized seeds. Thereafter, the germinating embryos are isolated from the sterilized seeds. Subsequently, the isolated germinating embryos are cultured in vitro in a culture medium to obtain shoots of the Ghada plant. The method may be utilized for in vitro mass germination of the Ghada plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 3, 2010
    Publication date: May 3, 2012
    Applicant: King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology
    Inventor: Nasser Saleh Ali Al-Khalifah
  • Patent number: 7975429
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing seedlings, wherein rootstocks and scions are nursed on multi-staged seedling culture shelves installed in a closed-type structure surrounded by light-interceptive walls, and wherein the rootstocks and scions are joined to each other to produce grafted seedlings. The grafted seedlings are placed on shelf boards of the seedling culture shelves and covered with a light-transmitting shield including vent holes, and light is projected onto the grafted seedlings through the light-transmitting shield to weld the seedlings. The relative humidity in the light-transmitting shield immediately after the grafting is raised by the evaporation of moisture from the rootstocks and the scions. When photosynthesis is stimulated, gas exchange between the carbon dioxide gas-containing atmosphere within the closed type structure and the atmosphere within the light-transmitting shield are accomplished to replenish an inner space of the light-transmitting shield with carbon dioxide gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: MKV Dream Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuyoshi Okabe, Kazuo Tsuchiya, Akio Nakaminami, De Wu, Junya Fuse
  • Publication number: 20110146146
    Abstract: A system and method of aeroponic farming includes depositing seeds in a flat containing micro-fleece cloth and placing the flat within a growth chamber. The upper side of the flat is subjected to light of the proper frequencies to promote growth in plants. A nutrient solution is sprayed onto the micro-fleece cloth and the developing root mass of the plants, while controlling temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide within the growth chamber. The plants are harvested resulting from the seeds at a desired stage of growth. The growth chambers can be stacked on each other and/or located side by side to save space within a facility, and to permit sharing the subsystems which control the nutrient solution, temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide for the growth chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2010
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Inventor: Edward D. HARWOOD
  • Patent number: 7918186
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are exemplary embodiments of various grass-growing devices. In one nonlimiting embodiment, for example, a device for growing grass in a container that provides water to a household pet is disclosed. The device includes a basket that is configured for insertion into the container. The basket comprises one or more apertures that allow for fluid movement through the basket. The device further includes a seed-holding unit. The seed-holding unit of this embodiment comprises a housing in which one or more grass seeds can be placed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignee: Veterinary Ventures, Inc.
    Inventors: Sean Michael Rowe, John Michael Lipscomb
  • Patent number: 7823327
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for germinating seeds is disclosed. In one embodiment, the apparatus comprises a plurality of translucent hollow spheres, each sphere having apertures there through for entry and egress of liquid and air, wherein each of the plurality of translucent hollow spheres includes soil and at least one of the seeds; a tray, for confining the spheres to an basin area within a periphery of the tray while permitting the spheres to roll on a rolling surface within the periphery of the tray; a platform; and a plurality of solenoids disposed on the platform for tilting the tray to displace the spheres, each solenoid having a shaft longitudinally extendable in a direction away from the platform upon activation of the solenoid and each shaft having an end distal from the solenoid coupled proximate to the periphery of the tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2010
    Inventor: Evan N. Cooper
  • Publication number: 20100223844
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a separately washable rice germination apparatus which has a motor as a power source enabling the continuous circulation of circulating water for supplying moisture needed to germinate rice germs and an impeller rotated by the rotation of the motor, the motor and the impeller being detachably coupled to each other by means of a magnet force, such that scales or foreign substances accumulated in a water tank and the impeller during rice germination can be easily removed therefrom, and that separates a section where circulating water is sucked from a section where the sucked circulating water is pushed upwardly to a germination container, such that the circulation efficiency of the circulating water can be improved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Publication date: September 9, 2010
    Inventor: Seong Hyeon Kim
  • Patent number: 7748137
    Abstract: A method of drying comprises placing a moist material inside a substantially enclosed solar greenhouse. The greenhouse comprises at least one light transmission roof and/or wall panel that is substantially transparent to solar radiation, but resistant to convective and conductive heat transfer. The interior temperature and humidity of the greenhouse are maintained within their pre-determined ranges while the interior moisture of the greenhouse is effectively reduced to allow a controlled drying of the material. A solar greenhouse for the drying process is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Inventor: Yin Wang
  • Patent number: 7748165
    Abstract: A device (1) for production of seedlings from seeds comprises a drum (3), with perforated walling, rotatable about the drum axis (4), disposed substantially horizontally, borne in a housing (2). In this drum (3) seeds are able to be filled, which seeds are able to be immersed in a water bath (5) together with the drum (3). For this purpose, the drum (3) rotates, whereupon the seeds and the seedlings sprouting therefrom are optimally turned and dispersed. The drum (3) is mounted on a support, which, along guide means fixed to the housing, is lowerable into the water bath (5) and liftable out of the same again by drive means. The drum (3) is thereby partly submerged in the water bath (5) in the lower position, whereas it is completely lifted out of the water bath (5) in the raised position. An optimal wetting and subsequent drying of the seeds is thus obtained in turn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: Vitaseed AG
    Inventors: Constantino Santoli, Bertrand Pittet
  • Publication number: 20100031566
    Abstract: An automatic garden apparatus comprises a container having a lower portion adapted to hold liquids, a pocket portion and a tray portion mounted atop the lower portion. The pocket portion forms an enclosed structure having a plurality of pockets, a mist generator and a mist opening therethrough. The plurality of pockets and the mist generator are positioned on the top surface of the pocket portion. The plurality of pockets are adapted for insertion of plants and cutting and seeds. The tray portion includes a plurality of shallow trays whose bottoms are positioned to contact the liquids, the tray portion facing the mist opening whereby mist from the mist generator keeps moist the trays. An electronic circuit informs the user when to add water and nutrients, and includes a timer to controls operation of the mist generator to keep a high moist environment inside the plant portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Publication date: February 11, 2010
    Inventor: Sidney S. Azoulay
  • Patent number: 7624532
    Abstract: A figurine shaped from coir base material compressed with a combination of fertilizer, paper and sawdust. The figurine includes a self-watering wick that allows water to be drawn from a reservoir to provide continuous water to the coir material. The figurine is further covered with grass seeds and nylon net to retain the seeds on the coir figurine. When water is added to the figurine, the seeds sprout grass that resembles hair. The grass can further be trimmed or grown to a desired length. Figurines or shapes can be human, animal or other shapes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Inventor: Randy Slater
  • Publication number: 20090235583
    Abstract: A transportable fodder production unit (1) comprising an insulated container (4) wherein said insulated container (4) contains a racking system (7), an irrigation system (11), a lighting system (15) and a thermal control system (6), said racking system (7) having a plurality of shelves (8) extending from the rear of the container (4) to the front of the container (4), said shelves (8) being of sufficient width to receive at least one fodder growing tray (10) and of sufficient depth to receive a predetermined number of rows of trays (10) to cycle through the container (4) in a growing period whereby seeded trays (10) can be loaded onto the rear of the shelves (8) and trays (10) with mats of grown fodder can be removed from the front of the shelves (8), said trays (10) being urged forward by an operator as the fodder progresses through the growing period and wherein the irrigation system (11) comprises a plurality of spray heads (9) positioned in the racking system (7) for periodically spraying each tray (10) w
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2007
    Publication date: September 24, 2009
    Applicant: FODDER SOLUTIONS PTY LTD
    Inventors: Terrence Dean Colless, Flavio Raccenallo
  • Patent number: 7591100
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to producing a plant containing vitamin B12. Accordingly, the present invention provides a seed and a plant containing vitamin B12. The present invention is also directed to a method of producing a plant containing vitamin B12 comprising soaking a seed, spore or hypha of a plant in a soaking solution containing vitamin B12, and cultivating the seed, spore or hypha of the plant thus soaked. Furthermore, the present invention provides a soaking solution containing vitamin B12 for introducing vitamin B12 into a plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2009
    Assignee: Hiroshima University
    Inventor: Kazuyoshi Sato
  • Publication number: 20090126267
    Abstract: A device (1) for production of seedlings from seeds comprises a drum (3), with perforated walling, rotatable about the drum axis (4), disposed substantially horizontally, borne in a housing (2). In this drum (3) seeds are able to be filled, which seeds are able to be immersed in a water bath (5) together with the drum (3). For this purpose, the drum (3) rotates, whereupon the seeds and the seedlings sprouting therefrom are optimally turned and dispersed. The drum (3) is mounted on a support, which, along guide means fixed to the housing, is lowerable into the water bath (5) and liftable out of the same again by drive means. The drum (3) is thereby partly submerged in the water bath (5) in the lower position, whereas it is completely lifted out of the water bath (5) in the raised position. An optimal wetting and subsequent drying of the seeds is thus obtained in turn.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2005
    Publication date: May 21, 2009
    Applicant: INNOSUISSE MANAGEMENT AG
    Inventors: Constantino Santoli, Bertrand Pittet
  • Publication number: 20080302006
    Abstract: A method for substrate-free cultivation of a germination product, comprising the steps of accommodating a bean or seed in a chamber, for example in a container; setting the conditions in the chamber, such as humidity and temperature, in such a way that the bean is made to sprout; providing the chamber with a restraining means, wherein the restraining means interact with the shell of the bean or the seed in such a way that the shell is kept in the chamber while a shoot of the bean or the seed or emerges from the chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2005
    Publication date: December 11, 2008
    Applicant: FLITWICK B.V.
    Inventors: Cornelus Albertus Joseph Hurkx, Jelle Jacob Kuijper
  • Publication number: 20080295400
    Abstract: A system and method of aeroponic farming includes depositing seeds in a flat containing micro-fleece cloth and placing the flat within a growth chamber. The upper side of the flat is subjected to light of the proper frequencies to promote growth in plants. A nutrient solution is sprayed onto the micro-fleece cloth and the developing root mass of the plants, while controlling temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide within the growth chamber. The plants are harvested resulting from the seeds at a desired stage of growth. The growth chambers can be stacked on each other and/or located side by side to save space within a facility, and to permit sharing the subsystems which control the nutrient solution, temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide for the growth chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2008
    Publication date: December 4, 2008
    Inventors: Edward D. Harwood, Travis Martin
  • Publication number: 20080282610
    Abstract: A soilless garden includes a chamber including a sealed lower portion for storing liquid nutrient solution, and an upper portion including a support structure; soilless growth medium supported by the support structure and adapted to support at least one plant having roots; a removable germination cap located above the soilless growth medium; a conduit having a first end located substantially adjacent to the soilless growth medium, and a second end opposite to the first end; and a pump in the chamber, including an input for receiving the liquid nutrient solution from the lower portion of the chamber, and an output to deliver liquid nutrient solution through the conduit into the soilless growth medium. The support structure includes an opening directed toward the lower portion of the chamber for the liquid nutrient solution to drip from the roots of the at least one plant into the lower portion of the chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2008
    Publication date: November 20, 2008
    Applicant: AeroGrow International, Inc.
    Inventors: W. Michael Bissonnette, Robert E. Wainwright, John Thompson, Carson Payne, Sylvia Bernstein, Curt Morgan, Robert Bromley, Andrew R. Bridgeman, Laura Conley, Ann Forsthoefel, Robert Showalter, Frederic Wiedemann
  • Publication number: 20080172938
    Abstract: This invention is an automatic sprout vending machine which provides racks for seeds to rest upon for automatically sprouting or germinating such seeds. In one embodiment, the automatic sprout vending machine comprises a housing having, preferably, an upper compartment, a lower compartment and a middle section. The middle section has a plurality of racks which are adapted to slidably receive and release a corresponding plurality of modules. In this embodiment, each of the plurality of modules includes at least on seed germinating tray having seeds mounted in the bottom thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 19, 2007
    Publication date: July 24, 2008
    Inventor: Sidney S. Azoulay
  • Patent number: 7334368
    Abstract: A zigzag folded tape is used for joining germinating units that contain seeds or the like-growth-suited parts of a plant. In addition to a seed or the above parts of a plant, the germinating units comprise a mixture of a carrier and additives with water-absorbing substances. The tape is placed edgewise in a germinating box (7). Then the germinating box (7) is placed in an irrigation room (21) associated with the germinating assembly (15). The irrigation room (21) comprises a support (18) for the germinating boxes. The germinating boxes are soaked in successive irrigation periods interrupted by breaks. The soaking is stopped when the tape is saturated with water and the water drips heavily from the bottom side of the germinating box. The germinating box (7) is then moved with the tape to the germinating room (23) associated with the germinating assembly (15), in which it is subjected to a climate necessary for an optimum germination, viz. climatic conditions such as temperature, moisture and light conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2008
    Assignee: Bentle Products AG
    Inventor: Poul Henrik Ahm
  • Patent number: 7013600
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for culturing bean sprouts in water are disclosed. A method for culturing bean sprouts in water according to the present invention comprises the steps of placing a quantity of beans into net bags; immersing the net bags of beans into a container of water; injecting air into the water of the container and maintaining the water temperature at about 20° C. while the net bags of beans are immersed in the water of the container; and renewing the water of the container at regular intervals. An apparatus for culturing bean sprouts in water comprises a container for holding water; a plurality of net bags for holding a quantity of beans capable of immersion in the container; nozzles for injecting air into the water of the container; and heaters and coolers for maintaining the water temperature at around 20° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2006
    Inventors: Jun-woo Bae, Jun-han Bae
  • Publication number: 20040237396
    Abstract: The invention relates to a germination device for the production of sprouts that comprises at least one, preferably however several, in particular three automatic, time-controlled and intermittently rotatable sprout receiving and germination container (31, 32, . . . ) that is ventilated vis-à-vis the atmosphere as well as, respectively, an intermittently activatable set-up for spray irrigation (21, 22) of seeds introduced into the container(s) that outlets into the inside of this/there container(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2004
    Publication date: December 2, 2004
    Inventor: Angel Castillo
  • Patent number: 6725598
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide plant cultivator for research purposes for finding the optimum cultivation environment for plants, using LEDs as light source and a control system therefor. An illumination window 6 is provided in top face 5a of a cabinet body 2 surrounded by thermally insulating walls. In addition, an LED illumination element 16 is arranged in this illumination window 6 and in the vicinity of LED illumination element 16, there is provided LED control means that controls the LED illumination element 16. In addition, in cabinet body 2, there are provided at least some of a growth detection sensor that detects the state of growth of the plants, cultivation environment monitoring means that monitors the cultivation environment of the plants and cultivation environment generating means that generates the cultivation environment; and cultivation environment control means is provided that controls the cultivation environment generating means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: CCS Inc.
    Inventors: Kenji Yoneda, Yoshio Sugishima
  • Patent number: 6668486
    Abstract: A bean sprout cultivating system capable of spraying water uniformly and adjusting pressure on the bean sprouts using cultivating boxes with upper and lower ends of each conduit having a water inlet and a water dropping opening, respectively. When the water flow of a water source in the water feeding system is larger than the total flow of the conduits at a bottom of the cultivation box, a downward water pressure is generated so that water will flow into the water inlet. The water from the water dropping openings flows into the lower cultivation box uniformly. Then the water flows through the water dispatching holes in the pressure cover to more uniformly cover the bean sprouts in the lattice disk. The surplus water will flow into the lower cultivation box from the water dropping openings of the conduits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Inventor: Kung-Shen Lo
  • Patent number: 6615538
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for promoting by light irradiation the germination of seeds and the growth of plants generated by the seeds. The seeds to be treated are irradiated with radiation that is a simulation of the solar visible spectrum. The radiation may have a wavelength range from about 400 to about 700 nm. The irradiating light may be pulsed, for example at a frequency from about 10 to 150 pulses per minute, each pulses having a duration from 0.1 to 0.9 seconds and the intervals between pulses having a duration about from 0.1 to 6.0 seconds. The seeds may be cooled while irradiating them, such as to maintain the seeds at temperatures not exceeding 35° C. Cooling the seeds may be carried out by means of a stream of gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2003
    Assignee: Seed-Tech Temed Ltd
    Inventor: Zeev H. Hittin
  • Publication number: 20030159350
    Abstract: A bean sprouts cultivating system capable spraying water uniformly and adjusting pressures upon the bean sprouts flexibly is disclosed. An upper and a lower ends of each conduit has a water inlet and a water dropping opening, respectively. When the water flow of a water source in the water feeding system is larger than the total flow of the conduits at a bottom of the cultivation box; a downward water pressure will generate so that water will guide into the water inlet; and then water in the water dropping openings flows into the lower cultivation box uniformly. Then the water flows through the water dispatching holes in the pressure cover to more uniformly drop to the bean sprouts in the lattice disk. The surplus water will flow into the lower cultivation box from water dropping openings of the conduits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2002
    Publication date: August 28, 2003
    Inventor: Kung-Shen Lo
  • Patent number: 6578319
    Abstract: A self-contained hydroponic growing enclosure and method for the fabrication of animal feed grass from seed is described. The enclosure is a self-contained enclosure which is insulated and which can be transported or assembled on site and which is independent of outside climatic conditions. Seed is stored in an isolated portion of the enclosure and fed to germination tanks in predetermined quantities where the seeds are germinated for a predetermined period of time. The tanks are then drained of their iodine-treated water and the germinated seeds are placed in predetermined quantities onto trays which are placed at an inlet end of a racking system. Trays are removed with grown grass at a harvest outlet end of the racking system in the same sequence as they are placed at the inlet end, so that there is a continuous daily supply of feed grass. Light walls are provided on opposed sides of the racking system to illuminate the beds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2003
    Inventors: Robert Cole, Douglas Lloyd
  • Publication number: 20030101645
    Abstract: A self-contained hydroponic growing enclosure and method for the fabrication of animal feed grass from seed is described. The enclosure is a self-contained enclosure which is insulated and which can be transported or assembled on site and which is independent of outside climatic conditions. Seed is stored in an isolated portion of the enclosure and fed to germination tanks in predetermined quantities where the seeds are germinated for a predetermined period of time. The tanks are then drained of their iodine-treated water and the germinated seeds are placed in predetermined quantities onto trays which are placed at an inlet end of a racking system. Trays are removed with grown grass at a harvest outlet end of the racking system in the same sequence as they are placed at the inlet end, so that there is a continuous daily supply of feed grass. Light walls are provided on opposed sides of the racking system to illuminate the beds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2001
    Publication date: June 5, 2003
    Inventors: Robert Cole, Douglas Lloyd
  • Publication number: 20030079403
    Abstract: A clover sprouting culture and packaging dish, comprised of a dish and a lid, a gauge on the bottom with seeds evenly sprayed upon it, then the dish is moved into culture room and maintained its moisture by regular water spray; the dish finally is covered up with the lid and delivered saving any further washing and packaging directly to the market fresh and green for sales without damaging the sprouts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2001
    Publication date: May 1, 2003
    Inventor: Lin-Chia Hsien
  • Patent number: 6505439
    Abstract: A process for producing nutritional supplements rich in natural organic trace elements using soilless culture of plant sprouts and seedlings. The primary advantage of this invention is that the enriched trace element content in the sprouts and seedlings is mainly in organic form, which is the result of the natural organic conversion of these trace elements from their inorganic form during seed germination. Such form of natural organic trace element is non-toxic and much easier for the human body to digest and absorb. Further, the trace element content in the sprouts and seedlings can be effectively controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2003
    Inventor: Jiangke Wang
  • Patent number: 6442893
    Abstract: A bean sprout culture box with a sprinkling device has a water tray, at least one culture case, a sprinkling case, a hollow sprinkler pivotally mounted in the sprinkling case and an inlet valve. The sprinkling case has multiple drain holes defined in the bottom of the sprinkling case. The hollow sprinkler has a chamber defined in the bottom of the sprinkler and multiple posts extending down from the sprinkler at the end opposite from the chamber. With such a bean sprout culture box, the sprinkling device can automatically sprinkle by the effect of gravity on the water, and electricity is not needed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Inventor: Wen-Chi Lai
  • Patent number: 6442892
    Abstract: An automatic sprouter apparatus is disclosed which comprises a housing having an interior divided into a plant compartment and a water compartment. The plant compartment has a porous horizontal divider adapted to allow plants to rest thereon and water to drain therethrough. The water compartment is divided into an upper space having a floor, a water reservoir containing water positioned below the hardware space and a mixing area interposed between water reservoir and hardware space with the floor forming the top of the mixing area. The floor has a plurality of holes therethrough which provides gaseous communication between the mixing area and the hardware space. The sides and the bottom of the mixing area are formed of a screen. A mist generator is mounted to the floor and has a motor with a shaft extending downwardly therefrom. A hollow tapered shaft, open at both upper and lower ends, is mounted on the shaft and extends downwardly therefrom through the mixing area and into the water reservoir.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Inventor: Sidney S. Azoulay
  • Patent number: 6421956
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for treating seed (5) with a fluid, in particular water, involving the use of a fluid-containing gas, whereby seed is brought into contact with a gas having a controlled fluid content and the seed is kept in contact with the gas over a defined period whilst direct contact between the seed and the fluid in liquid form is substantially precluded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Inventors: Marcel Adrianus Nicolaas Boukens, Jan de Boer, Ijsbrand van Dok
  • Publication number: 20020046488
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for promoting by light irradiation the germination of seeds and the growth of plants generated by the seeds. The seeds to be treated are irradiated with radiation that is a simulation of the solar visible spectrum. The radiation may have a wavelength range from about 400 to about 700 nm. The irradiating light may be pulsed, for example at a frequency from about 10 to 150 pulses per minute, each pulses having a duration from 0.1 to 0.9 seconds and the intervals between pulses having a duration about from 0.1 to 6.0 seconds. The seeds may be cooled while irradiating them, such as to maintain the seeds at temperatures not exceeding 35° C. Cooling the seeds may be carried out by means of a stream of gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2001
    Publication date: April 25, 2002
    Inventor: Zeev H. Hittin
  • Patent number: 6363656
    Abstract: An apparatus and method to germinate and dry grain, such as oats, wheat, barley, etc. in only one apparatus under optimum conditions automatically and on an industrial scale in a short period of time. The apparatus comprises a rotatable drum having a plurality of drain holes pierced through a surface thereof and an insulating cover covering the drum for preventing heat within the drum from radiating or escaping. The apparatus also includes a sprayer for spraying water on the grain and treating structure connected to the sprayer for heating, purifying, and increasing the amount of dissolved oxygen in the water, while circulating the water to be supplied to the sprayer. A blower is also provided for heating, purifying, and blowing air into the drum. The apparatus makes it possible to produce germinated grain automatically by using electronic control devices and to produce large quantities of germinated grain in a short period of time without having to move grain from one place to another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Inventor: Kook-Yun Byun