Budding Patents (Class 47/7)
  • Patent number: 8772582
    Abstract: The invention provides methods for producing seeds in watermelon. In one embodiment methods are provided comprising grafting of a seed parent onto a stress tolerant rootstock, pollinating the seed parent with pollen from a pollen donor, and cultivating the seed parent until seed is formed. In specific embodiments, triploid seeds produced by a method of the invention are rendered conspicuously distinguishable from tetraploid seeds, and thus readily selected manually or by an automated machine. Methods for increasing seed yield and/or quality are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc.
    Inventors: Benito Juarez, Terry Walker, Fred McCuistion, Greg Tolla
  • Publication number: 20040268450
    Abstract: Commercially available rose saplings have been conventionally grafted a rose scion on a wild rose stock, however shoots grown from a single wild rose rootstock are effectively used to graft many kinds of roses so as to bloom various flowers. The invention provides a method of grafting many kinds of roses on a single wild rose stock to bloom various flowers by paying attention to lateral buds formed on one or several shoots grown from a wild rose rootstock and grafting many kinds of perpetual rose scions on each notched opening with a lateral bud, which makes it possible to enjoy roses planted in a pot even in a small space, and rose saplings thus produced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2004
    Publication date: December 30, 2004
    Inventor: Tadao Kanda
  • Publication number: 20040098907
    Abstract: A grafting method comprises the steps of, first preparing a stool by right transverse cuts through a limb or trunk, meaning that the limb or trunk of a tree or shrub is cut at essentially right angles. Root and scion stocks are grafted to the stool using the well known bark grafting technique. The stool is then placed into a rooting medium with the grafted root stock immersed in the medium. Appropriate heat and water is made available to ensure that the root stock is established and that sufficient nutrients and moisture is conducted to the scion stock through the stool.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2002
    Publication date: May 27, 2004
    Inventor: Roy Henry Wiersma
  • Patent number: 6601527
    Abstract: An improved method of cultivating kava plants is disclosed in which a growth medium is formed form a mound formed over a leveled bed of porous rocks, such as volcanic cinders. The bed material is substantially free of organic matter. The mound material is comprised of gravel smaller than the bed material, such as volcanic gravel, and includes organic matter. The kava plants are grown in the mound material. The plants can be harvested by lifting the plant from the mound using a modified forklift assembly. Relatively high mounded rows of other material can alternatively be used. An improved method of producing kava seedlings is also disclosed in which the apical tips of kava plant stems are cut. After buds develop along the stems, the stems are harvested, sectioned, and used to generate a large number of seedlings. Harvesting of remaining rootstock from the parent plant is delayed after harvesting of the stems to promote an increase in kavalactone concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2003
    Assignee: HerbalScience, LLC
    Inventors: Robert Gow, John A. Pierce, William Julian
  • Patent number: 6301828
    Abstract: A bud clip is provided that ensures that a bud grows straight during the budding process. The bud clip may clip onto the root stock so that the bud clip does not girdle the root stock and does not need to be removed from the root stock. The bud clip may bind the bud to the root stock during the fall bonding process and then ensure the vertical growth of the bud during the spring. The bud clip may be biodegradable and may be impregnated with fertilizers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2001
    Inventor: Ronald D. Vanderpan
  • Patent number: 6016626
    Abstract: A machine for the surface treatment of long, narrow objects, more particularly vine shoots, with the following features:a frame fixture (3), that defines the direction of motion (32);at least one conveyor module (4), that has at least one pair of conveyor rollers (14), with a conveyance channel between them, and that is arranged with these along the axis of motion (32);at least two brushes (20, 20a) that define a processing channel that runs along the axis of motion (32).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2000
    Inventors: Peter Auer, Martin Auer
  • Patent number: 5712164
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for reducing contamination of in vitro cultures. In particular, this invention relates to a method for reducing contamination of in vitro cultures of woody plant mature shoot material and shoot material of outdoor origin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 27, 1998
    Assignee: Westvaco Corporation
    Inventor: Jay Eric Coke
  • Patent number: 5102715
    Abstract: An article for preserving fresh cut flowers placed in water, which is in the form of a label applicable to one or more stalks of the cut flowers. The label has a water insoluble carrier layer, a coat of material applied to the carrier layer containing an active material and a barrier layer to water applied to the coat. The active material comprises at least one active substance which sets free bactericidal and/or bacterial inhibiting agents in the presence of water. The barrier layer in cooperation with the carrier layer regulates the size of the total contact surface of the water with the active material and consequently the release time for the active substance when the label is immersed into the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Inventor: Lars Zetterquist
  • Patent number: 5099600
    Abstract: A technique and equipment for grafting are disclosed. The technique involves forming a wedge on a scion, forming a cleft or side cut in rootstock, forming a union with the scion and rootstock, binding the union with budding strips, and coating the wrapped union with liquid paraffin wax. Clothespin type clamps are advantageously employed to releasably close the cleft, prior to forming the union, and for securing the union during binding. Grafting tools are provided in a grafting tool kit and include a knife, budding strips, paraffin wax, a brush, a metal cup, hand pruners, whet rocks and honing oil, alcohol and paper towels, and clothespins. The paraffin wax is applied to the bound union in a clear liquid state at 175.degree.-200.degree. F., and preferably at an ambient temperature of at least 38.degree. F. and less than 15 mph winds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1992
    Assignee: Champion International Corporation
    Inventors: Willie D. Crawford, Bill Jacobs
  • Patent number: 4944115
    Abstract: A process for the multiplication of plant varieties which comprises the following operations: grafting of the variety to be reproduced on the tendril of a mother plant at various levels; production of cuttings of said grafted tendril, and rooting of said grafted cuttings of tendril. The process allows in particular the complete "rooting" of the graft (100%), the dematerialization of the product, the intensification of the density of cultivation. It also gives a high speed of multiplication and a prolonged biological and structural preservation. The invention also includes the product obtained through the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 31, 1990
    Assignee: 501 Patrucco Due Co. S.R.L., S.N.
    Inventor: Sergio Patrucco
  • Patent number: 4718130
    Abstract: An interdome enclosure system takes advantage of the latent heat of condensation for energy efficiency. The system includes, in combination with a humid environment, such as a heated pool and an outer enclosure housing the pool, an inner enclosure disposed within the outer enclosure and over the pool and a differntial fan operated heat exchanger for creating an atmospheric pressure within the space between the inner and outer enclosures which is positive relative to the atmospheric pressure within the inner enclosure. The heat exchanger includes a pair of conduits disposed in heat exchange relationship to one another. Assisted by an inlet fan, one conduit communicates dry, fresh cool air from the exterior of the outer enclosure into the space between the enclosures, while the other conduit, assisted by an exhaust fan, communicates moisture-laden, warm air from the inner enclosure directly to the exterior of the outer enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1988
    Assignee: Interpools Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Tim J. Steinback
  • Patent number: 4467559
    Abstract: One block is movable with respect to another block, one of the blocks having a clamp which clamps the scion or root stock, and the other having knives facing the clamp, and in a configuration to remove a dovetail chip from both the scion and root stock so that the chip from the scion when inserted in the root stock recess exactly matches the recess, and the two cambia align accurately.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1984
    Assignee: Techsearch, Inc.
    Inventor: Terry W. Riley
  • Patent number: 4291497
    Abstract: A method of introducing chemical agents into plants comprising application, onto plants, of preparations in the form of powders or solutions based on chemical agents and polyhydric alcohols or low-molecular carbohydrates. The method of the present inventions ensures a rapid penetration of a chemical agent into a plant or individual organs thereof in predetermined amounts thus enhancing efficiency of a chemical agent and ensuring an optimal use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1981
    Inventor: Mikhail K. Manankov
  • Patent number: 4167832
    Abstract: A means of preserving cut flowers placed in water, said means comprising one or more bactericidal substances, with the possible additions of one or more bacteriostatic substances, one or more surfactants, and/or one or more nutritious substances. The bactericidal substance may be 1.3-dichloro-5.5-dimethylhydantoin which splits off chlorine in relation to the pH-value of the aqueous solution. Said derivative forms part of a thin coating applied to the front surface of a strip of paper or cardboard which is very small in relation to the length of the stems of the flowers. A layer of non- (or very little) water-soluble self-adhesive substance is applied to the back surface of the strip, the substance being tolerable by the stems of flowers. The consumer can easily fasten the strip unit close to the lower end of the stem before placing the latter in water. The strip unit is easily dispensible from a protective container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1979
    Inventors: Lars G. Zetterquist, Poul H. Ahm, Ole Rosdahl
  • Patent number: 4102078
    Abstract: A device for use by gardeners when budding, that is, when excizing a bud from a plant and transferring the bud to another part of the same plant or to a different plant. The device, termed a budding gun, comprises first cutting means for excizing and receiving a bud, second cutting means for cutting the bark at a position to receive the bud and operable to lift the bark to expose the underlying wood and ejector means associated with the first cutting means and operable to eject and plant the bud in the wood behind the bark lifted by the second cutting means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1977
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1978
    Inventor: Lionel Joseph William Pettifer
  • Patent number: 4085545
    Abstract: An apparatus for forming gemmas to be treated to control the blight of sugar cane stumps consists of a hollow rotatable shaft and a rotatable thimble extending from one end of the shaft. An axially movable punch member is mounted in alignment with the thimble so that a piece of material such as sugar cane culm can be placed between the punch and thimble and have the gemma or bud portion punched out by axial movement of the punch member. The punched out portions are expelled and collected at the opposite end of the hollow shaft. The entire apparatus is mounted on a metal frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 1976
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1978
    Assignee: Cooperativa Central dos Produtores de Acucar E Alcool do Estado de Sao Paulo
    Inventor: Wilson Marcelo Da Silva