Comprising Plurality Of Bowls Partly Or Wholly Within One Another Patents (Class 494/44)
  • Publication number: 20140045672
    Abstract: A continuous centrifugal blood separation device has a simple and reliable structure. The continuous blood centrifugal device includes an RBC (red blood cell) collector that is coaxial with a supernatant collector. The continuous blood centrifugal device includes an axial symmetric barrier disposed between the RBC collector and the supernatant collector in order to avoid turbulence that can otherwise be caused by the supernatant collector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2012
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: SORIN GROUP ITALIA S.r.l.
    Inventors: Andrea Galavotti, Elisa Maculan, Gianpaolo Simonini
  • Patent number: 8608911
    Abstract: A device for desalination of water having an inlet for saltwater, a first inner container arranged rotatable around an axis, a second container having an evaporation surface, a heater for heating of the second container and thereby also the evaporation surface, and a motor arranged to rotate the containers around the axis of rotation. The second container encloses the first inner container and is connected fixed to the first inner container. A mechanism for distributing water on the evaporation surface is constituted by holes arranged in the container wall of the first inner container so that water may pass out to the second container. Holes are also arranged in the container wall of the second container so that steam may pass out from the second container. A condensation surface is arranged for condensation of steam which passes out through the holes in the container of the second container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Inventor: Rolf Ingeson
  • Patent number: 8518272
    Abstract: A system for separating components of a composition according to density. The system includes a torque generating device, a separation device, and a housing. The separation device separates the composition into different components according to density. The housing accommodates the separation device. The housing includes a base having an interface that transfers torque from the torque generating device to the separation device, a cover, and a conduit for introducing the composition into the separation device without opening the cover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Biomet Biologics, LLC
    Inventor: Jacy C. Hoeppner
  • Publication number: 20120129675
    Abstract: Centrifuges are useful to, among other things, remove red blood cells from whole blood and retain platelets and other factors in a reduced volume of plasma. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) and or platelet poor plasma (PPP) can be obtained rapidly and is ready for immediate injection into the host. Embodiments may include valves, operated manually or automatically, to open ports that discharge the excess red blood cells and the excess plasma into separate receivers while retaining the platelets and other factors in the centrifuge chamber. High speeds used allow simple and small embodiments to be used at the patient's side during surgical procedures. The embodiments can also be used for the separation of liquids or slurries in other fields such as, for example, the separation of pigments or lubricants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: John E. Nash, William T. Fisher
  • Patent number: 7866259
    Abstract: An apparatus for use with a food processor base and a method for using the same. The food processor base includes a seat, a drive shaft and a motor. The drive shaft is rotated by the motor. The apparatus includes an outer bowl, a cover for the outer bowl, and a perforated inner bowl. The outer bowl may include a connector for being seated on the seat of the food processor base. The inner bowl is positioned within the outer bowl and is connectable to the drive shaft of the food processor base for rotation of the inner perforated bowl within the outer bowl. The inner perforated bowl has a one to one rotation with the drive shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Innovative Products for Life Inc.
    Inventors: Hatim Zaghloul, Mohammed Mali, Hussein Desouki, Sisso El-Hamamsy
  • Publication number: 20090298092
    Abstract: An analytical system includes a working fluid, a uniform dividing unit and a separating unit. The working fluid includes a first component and a second component with different characteristics. The uniform dividing unit is utilized to uniformly divide the working fluid and relatively rotated with respect to a reference axis. Under a capillarity force as well as the result of Coriolis force and siphon force, the first component can be separated from the second component by the separating unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2008
    Publication date: December 3, 2009
    Applicant: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Chung-Hsien Tsai, Chin-Tai Tseng, Chien-Chih Huang, Wen-Pin Hsieh, Hsiao-Chung Tsai, Cheng-Yu Ko
  • Publication number: 20090205161
    Abstract: A cyclone separator useable in a surface cleaning apparatus comprises a cyclone casing defining a cyclone chamber and having first and second opposed ends and a sidewall extending between the first and second ends. A separated material collection chamber surrounds at least a portion of the cyclone chamber and is communication therewith via a separated material outlet. The separated material collection chamber is spaced at least about 0.5 inches from the cyclone chamber. In addition, the separated material collection chamber is spaced from the bottom of the cyclone by at least about 0.5 inches.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Publication date: August 20, 2009
    Inventor: Wayne Ernest Conrad
  • Patent number: 7531148
    Abstract: A two-tube centrifuge separates light material and heavy material from an input mixture. A hollow drive shaft rotates a central body member about an axis of rotation. Two hollow arm assemblies, each having circular cross-section, are mounted on diametrically opposite sides of the central body. Each arm assembly includes an outer housing tube, an intermediate tube, and an inner tube that is longer than the intermediate tube. An end cap having a removable plug is mounted on the outer end of the housing-tube of each arm assembly. The inner ends of all three tubes are mechanically interlocked in a manner to cantilever mount the inner and intermediate tubes to the central-body with their outer ends spaced from the internal surface of the end cap. An input-mixture path extends through the hollow drive shaft, through the central-body, and into a cylindrical space between the inner and intermediate tubes of each arm assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2009
    Assignee: ERTH Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul J. Cornay, Ernest Peter Tovani, Gary Matzen
  • Patent number: 7503889
    Abstract: The present invention provides an apparatus for separating components of a fluid having an outer housing containing a core wherein three separate fluid pathways are provided to allow continuous separation of biological fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Inventors: Dennis Briggs, Steve Gara, Tom Watters, Mike Hutchinson
  • Patent number: 7320750
    Abstract: A centrifuge with controlled discharge of dense materials disclosed. A centrifuge includes a fluid separation wall placed within a sleeve to form a containment zone therebetween. The fluid separation wall aligns and rotates parallel to an axis of rotation. A receptacle forming a part of the fluid separation wall includes a void area. An opening extending through the fluid separation wall from the void area to the outer surface of the receptacle transports the more dense material to the containment zone. A valve ring forming a part of the fluid separation wall includes a valve orifice. The valve ring aligned perpendicular to the axis of rotation and slides along the fluid separation wall to move between open and closed positions. The valve orifice aligns with the opening such that the more dense material exits the fluid separation wall and moves into the containment zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2008
    Assignee: Phase Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis Kirker, Berkeley F. Fuller
  • Patent number: 7211037
    Abstract: The present invention provides an apparatus for separating components of a fluid having an outer housing containing a core wherein three separate fluid pathways are provided to allow continuous separation of biological fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2007
    Assignee: Therakos, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis Briggs, Steve Gara, Tom Watters, Mike Hutchinson
  • Patent number: 7001322
    Abstract: A multiple sample processing apparatus for a continuous flow centrifuge, including a plurality of axially aligned processing chambers and expressor chambers, each chamber comprising an axial opening, in a fixed arrangement, and a plurality of central hubs disposed in the axial openings, the central hubs constructed and arranged to define passages for fluid communication between the chambers and a fluid supply.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2006
    Assignee: ZymeQuest, Inc.
    Inventors: Glen Jorgensen, Keith Rosiello
  • Patent number: 7001321
    Abstract: A fluid processing assembly can be easily inserted into and removed from a rotatable centrifuge channel. The processing assembly comprises a processing container and a carrier. The processing container has flexibility and, in use, occupies the channel to receive fluids for separation in the centrifugal field. The carrier retains the processing container outside the channel in a flexed condition conforming to the channel. The carrier resists deformation of the processing container during its insertion into or removal from the channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2006
    Assignee: Baxter International Inc.
    Inventors: Richard I. Brown, Ying-Cheng Lo
  • Patent number: 6971525
    Abstract: A centrifuge with combinations of multiple features is disclosed. In one aspect, a centrifuge for removing more dense material from a fluid medium includes a fluid separation wall placed within a sleeve. The fluid separation wall rotates around the axis of rotation. A receptacle aids in separation of the more dense material from the fluid medium. The receptacle defined in a part by a respective geometry and a respective shape. An opening extends from the void area to the outer surface to transport the more dense material to the containment zone. An excitation apparatus associated with the receptacle creates a vibration within the receptacle. The centrifuge may further include a valve ring including a valve orifice the valve ring having a first position which blocks the more dense material from exiting the receptacle and a second position that allows the more dense material to move into the containment zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2005
    Assignee: Phase Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis Kirker, Berkeley F. Fuller
  • Patent number: 6932913
    Abstract: A system and method for vibration in a centrifuge is disclosed. A centrifuge for removing more dense material from a fluid medium includes a fluid separation wall placed within a non-rotating sleeve. The fluid separation wall rotates around the axis of rotation and includes an inner surface and an outer surface with at least one receptacle formed on the inner surface of the fluid separation wall. The receptacle aids in separation of more dense material from the fluid medium by forming a void space between the inner and outer surface. An excitation apparatus associated with the receptacle to create a vibration within the receptacle. A flow path may extend through the wall from the void area to the outer surface to transport more dense material to the containment zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2005
    Assignee: Phase Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis Kirker, Berkeley F. Fuller
  • Patent number: 6805805
    Abstract: A system and method for receptacle wall vibration in a centrifuge is disclosed. A centrifuge for removing more dense material from a fluid medium includes a vibratory device associated with the receptacle wall to create a vibratory force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2004
    Assignee: Phase Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis Kirker, Berkeley F. Fuller
  • Patent number: 6755969
    Abstract: A centrifuge with specific wall and opening shapes for receptacles is disclosed. A centrifuge may include a fluid separation wall aligned substantially parallel to an axis of rotation and include an inner surface, a void area, and an outer surface. The inner surface may be placed in contact with the fluid medium. The inner surface may include at least one receptacle. The receptacle may aid in separation of the more dense particles from the fluid medium. The centrifuge may further include at least one fluid flow path extending through the separation wall from the inner surface to the outer surface. The fluid flow path may transport the more dense particles to the containment zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2004
    Assignee: Phase Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis Kirker, Berkeley F. Fuller
  • Patent number: 6706180
    Abstract: A system and method for vibration in a centrifuge is disclosed. A centrifuge for removing more dense material from a fluid medium includes a fluid separation wall placed within a non-rotating sleeve. The fluid separation wall rotates around the axis of rotation and includes an inner surface and an outer surface with at least one receptacle formed on the inner surface of the fluid separation wall. The receptacle aids in separation of more dense material from the fluid medium by forming a void space between the inner and outer surface. An excitation apparatus associated with the receptacle to create a vibration within the receptacle. A flow path may extend through the wall from the void area to the outer surface to transport more dense material to the containment zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Assignee: Phase Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis Kirker, Berkeley F. Fuller
  • Publication number: 20020052042
    Abstract: Array hybridization can be facilitated by agitating a reaction cell subject to centrifugal force greater than 1G. A two-dimensional hybridization array is preferably oriented generally orthogonal to the centrifugal force. Agitation involves titling the array back and forth about an axis, preferably parallel to a centrifuge axis. The centrifugal force serves, in a sense, as supergravity helping to overcome non-specific binding forces (viscous forces and other forces at the liquidsolid boundary) that limit the rate of liquid flow. Thus, the agitation rate and the related replenishment rate can be increased. The agitation causes the sample liquid to wash back and forth across the array, which remains protected by a thin liquid film. The resulting “tidal” motion, results in thorough mixing of the sample liquid. In addition, since only a thin film is required over much of the array, typically costly sample volume can be reduced. Thus, faster hybridization with lower sample volumes can be achieved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2001
    Publication date: May 2, 2002
    Inventor: Gary B. Gordon
  • Publication number: 20020020680
    Abstract: An automated blood separation method and apparatus is described that allows for the separation of multiple units of blood simultaneously. The method and apparatus reliably and quickly separates blood into its components. An auto-balancing feature within the apparatus automatically preferably compensates for the changing state of imbalance, thereby eliminating the need for additional balancing steps during the separation process. The apparatus has a rotor into which a plurality of cassettes can be inserted. The cassettes have a number of sections for the containment of the whole blood and for the separated blood components, which are contained in disposable bags. The rotor is placed into a centrifuge assembly, and the blood components are then separated and transferred to the bags in the individual sections of the cassettes. Means for including secondary separation devices such as filters is included.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2001
    Publication date: February 21, 2002
    Inventor: Glen Jorgensen
  • Patent number: 6312610
    Abstract: A method for segregating and transporting heavy particles thrown by centrifugal force from a flowing, spinning column of liquid or gas, whereby an outer cylinder whose inner walls present or face the center core with horizontal, circular bands of pyramidal or conical shaped voids, which bands can be vertically stacked to surround a device of any length, and the voids of which present to the heavy particles being thrown from the fluid a receiving surface consisting entirely of outward sloping surfaces, all of which sloped-surface voids accept, accumulate and gravitationally guide said heavy particles towards exit orifices or nozzles, which nozzles penetrate the outer cylinder and together with the sloped voids, permit the continuous, non-mechanically assisted accumulation and ejection of said heavy particles along the entirety of a centrifugal device of any length and thus for any desired duration (or residence time) of fluid flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2001
    Assignee: Phase Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis Kirker, Berkeley F. Fuller
  • Patent number: 6029569
    Abstract: An improved method and apparatus for the removal of solid contaminants which utilizes at least one rotating mesh screen container designed to pass the food therethrough while trapping the solid contaminant. The rotation of the cylindrically-shaped mesh screen causes the food to pass through because of the centrifugal force. The addition of a second mesh or membrane-like placed around the first screen but rotated in the opposite direction is also utilized to trap solid contaminants which are large enough to be trapped by the mesh screen when it is not oriented so as to pass through the screens along its length. Different spacings in mesh and different rotation velocities are utilized to change contaminant screen characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 29, 2000
    Inventor: Scott Packer
  • Patent number: 5914145
    Abstract: A method for the removal of solid contaminants which utilizes two rotating mesh screen containers designed to pass the food therethrough while trapping the solid contaminant. The rotation of the first cylindrically-shaped mesh screen causes the food to pass through because of the centrifugal force leaving behind a portion of the solid contaminants. The second mesh or membrane-like placed around the first screen but rotated in the opposite direction is also utilized to trap solid contaminants which are large enough to be trapped by the mesh screen when it is not oriented so as to pass through the screens along its length. Different spacings in mesh and different rotation velocities are utilized to change contaminant screen characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Inventor: Scott Packer
  • Patent number: 5885239
    Abstract: A rotor for collecting and centrifuging biological fluids in a range of volumes. The rotor includes an elastic impermeable diaphragm which defines at least a portion of a variable-volume processing chamber, where the fluid is centrifuged. The rotor includes a rigid mounting member, to which the diaphragm is mounted and which is held and spun by a chuck. Preferably, this rigid mounting member includes a boundary wall which together with the elastic diaphragm defines the chamber. The boundary wall may be a substantially imperforate circular wall which extends to the periphery of the processing chamber but defining one opening, preferably near the axis of rotation, permitting a conduit or conduits to pass therethrough so as to be in fluid communication with the processing chamber. The rotor may include a separate structure for controlling the flow of liquid out of the chamber into the conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1999
    Assignee: Transfusion Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas D. Headley, Edward T. Powers
  • Patent number: 5428220
    Abstract: An aerosol mass spectrometer and method for classifying aerosol particles according to specific mass wherein an outer cylinder (1) and an inner cylinder (14) are concentrically and radially spaced relative to each other to provide an annular operating space (24) between the cylinders for the passage therethrough of the sample aerosol. Outer cylinder 1 is mounted on rotor 2 to be rotatably driven thereby and has a bearing (6) at the upper end for supporting an aerosol inlet tube (8). The inner cylinder has upper and lower bearings (20, 22) in the upper and lower ends thereof for supporting an aerosol outlet tube (38). A voltage source (28) is connected between the inner and outer cylinders via brushes (30, 32) to produce a radially inward electrostatic force across the annular gap (24) to oppose centrifugal force on the particles during rotation of the cylinders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Commerce
    Inventor: Kensei Ehara
  • Patent number: 5318748
    Abstract: A centrifuge vessel (10) for performing automated immunoassays is disclosed. The centrifuge vessel (10) comprises a center tube (11) and an outer waste chamber (15). A biomaterial (18) is held within the center tube (11) and is capable of binding specific analytes in test samples. In operation, the centrifuge vessel (10) is rotated at high speed about its longitudinal axis, thereby causing all fluid within the center tube (11) to be transported into the outer waste chamber (15) while the analyte of interest remains bound to the biomaterial (18) positioned within the center tube (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1994
    Assignee: Cirrus Diagnostics, Inc.
    Inventors: Arthur L. Babson, John E. Underwood
  • Patent number: 5300013
    Abstract: A method of processing a highly viscous material comprises the steps of spinning the material in a homogenizer to reduce it to a creamy fluent consistency, flowing the creamy material wholly by gravity down into an upper centrifuge stage, centrifuging the creamy material in the upper centrifuge stage into a solids fraction and a liquid fraction, flowing the solids fraction wholly by gravity down into a lower centrifuge stage, and centrifuging the solids fraction in the lower centrifuge stage. These steps can all take continuously with the material being fed in at one end and the solid and liquid fractions obtained at the opposite lower end. Prior to spinning the material a liquid is added to it to reduce its viscosity and increase its homogeneity. This liquid can be the recirculated liquid fraction obtained in the first centrifuge stage. In accordance with this invention the recirculated liquid fraction is heated to 40.degree. C. to 70.degree. C. before introducing it into the homogenizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1994
    Assignee: Dorr-Oliver Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Dieter Frassdorf, Paul H. Franzen
  • Patent number: 5277873
    Abstract: A sample preparation device for precisely measuring a sample volume, mixing the sample with a reagent and then separating out any resulting precipitant from the sample. In using the device, the sample is nonquantitatively dispensed by the user and is volumetrically delivered by the device using a positive displacement method. No vortexing or shaking is required and the sample and reagent are precisely and reproducibly mixed automatically.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1994
    Inventor: Paul K. Hsei
  • Patent number: 5244635
    Abstract: A centrifuge vessel for performing immunoassays, affinity chromatography, and like experiments includes a center tube and an outer waste chamber. A biomaterial is held within the center tube and is capable of binding specific analytes in test samples. In operation the centrifuge vessel is rotated at high speed about its longitudinal axis, thereby causing all fluid within the center tube to be transported into the outer waste chamber while the analyte of interest remains bound to the biomaterial positioned within the center tube In the centrifuge vessel, a cap connected to the outer waste chamber and extending over the center tube includes structure for preventing waste fluid expelled to the waste chamber from re-entering the center tube. In a first embodiment, the cap is either constructed from or the inside surface is coated with a hydrophobic material which repels fluids back into the waste chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1993
    Assignee: Cirrus Diagnostics, Inc.
    Inventors: Arthur L. Rabson, Thomas Palmieri, Douglas R. Olson
  • Patent number: 5242660
    Abstract: A sample preparation device for precisely measuring a sample volume, mixing the sample with a reagent and then separating out any resulting precipitant from the sample. In using the device, the sample is nonquantitatively dispensed by the user and is volumetrically delivered by the device using a positive displacement method. No vortexing or shaking is required and the sample and reagent are precisely and reproducibly mixed automatically.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1993
    Inventor: Paul Hsei
  • Patent number: 5182008
    Abstract: A filtration apparatus including a rotatable drum and a filter member defining at least a part of the side wall of the drum. A liquid containing solid particles, such as used wash water from a vehicle washing facility, is introduced into the drum by a sump pump or the like and a motor including an electrically-operated brake rotates the drum at a sufficient speed to force a liquid filtrate or filtered water outwardly through the filter member and cause a layer of relatively dry solids to collect on the inner surface of the filter member. Operation of the drum motor is terminated at the same time or shortly after operation of the sump pump is terminated and the brake is energized at the same time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1993
    Inventor: Richard J. Shelstad
  • Patent number: 5098845
    Abstract: A method for conducting immunoassays in an automated fashion is disclosed. A biological fluid under test is placed in a tube (11) which has a solid support (18) therein to which a specific analyte in the biological fluid will be selectively bound. After the analyte in the biological fluid is bound to the solid support (18), the tube (11) is rotated at high speed about its longitudinal axis causing the biological fluid to be transported up the inside walls of tube (11), over the open terminal end (16), and into waste chamber (15). The solid support (18) with the bound analyte may easily be washed byl flushing the inside of tube (11) with water or other suitable fluids and rotating the tube (11) at high speed about its longitudinal axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1992
    Assignee: Cirrus Diagnostics, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur L. Babson
  • Patent number: 5084240
    Abstract: A centrifuge vessel (10) for performing automated immunoassays is disclosed. The centrifuge vessel (10) comprises a center tube (11) and an outer waste chamber (15). A biomaterial (18) is held within the center tube (11) and is capable of binding specific analytes in test samples. In operation, the centrifuge vessel (10) is rotated at high speed about its longitudinal axis, thereby causing all fluid within the center tube (11) to be transported into the outer waste chamber (15) while the analyte of interest remains bound to the biomaterial (18) positioned within the center tube (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1992
    Assignee: Cirrus Diagnostics Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur L. Babson
  • Patent number: 4990129
    Abstract: An adapter preferably of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene is provided for use with a conical centrifuge tube in an ultracentrifuge swinging bucket rotor hole and is designed to allow the easy removal of the adapter and tube after centrifugation. At the top of the adapter is an integral annular rim with an outside diameter equal to that of a cylindrical upper portion of the centrifuge tube and with a minimal clearance to the diameter of the rotor hole. Immediately below the annular rim and adapter diameter reduces to a lesser diameter and continues until intersection with a hemispherical bottom region. The internal configuration of the adapter has a tapered conical section ending in a reduced diameter hemisphere, the internal taper and hemisphere of the adapter exactly matching the exterior of supported conical portion and hemispherical termination end of the sample tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 5, 1991
    Inventor: Steven T. Nielsen
  • Patent number: 4973299
    Abstract: A liguid separation system includes a first separator unit, a second separator unit and means including a pump for flowing a liquid mixture from a system inlet to the inlet of the first separator unit. A first outlet of the first separator unit is connected to the inlet of the second separator unit, a second outlet of said second separator unit is connected to the inlet of the first separator unit, a first outlet of the second separator unit is connected to a system outlet, and feedback means is adapted to provide continuous flow during system operation of at least about 0.01 gallon per minute from a second outlet of the second separator unit to the inlet of the first separator unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 27, 1990
    Assignee: Foster-Miller, Inc.
    Inventors: Leslie S. Rubin, Andrew C. Harvey
  • Patent number: 4961724
    Abstract: A low speed decanting centrifuge for separating relatively large particulate material (e.g. yeast) from a feedstock is disclosed. The centrifuge is clamped to a container and the centrifuge housing is pressurized to, in turn, pressurize the container and force feedstock upwardly into the lower bowl of the centrifuge. A plurality of inverted frustoconical discs carry supernatant downwardly and inwardly for vertical transfer to a discharge chamber. Particulate matter is centrifugally discharged continuously between engageable surfaces of the lower bowl member and the upper bowl member. The invention provides for continuous recycle as the discharged particulate matter is returned under gravity to the container. The centrifuge is reasonably inexpensive to produce from lightweight materials since it is not subjected to the high stresses of high speed centrifuges. Also, by operating at low speeds, under 1000 r.p.m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 9, 1990
    Assignee: Occam Marine Technologies Ltd.
    Inventor: Dan R. Pace
  • Patent number: 4854933
    Abstract: A plasma separator for receiving a blood sample includes a central chamber of inverted conical shape and an outer annular chamber connected to the central chamber by a downwardly inclined passageway. The separator is designed to be rotated at high speed about a vertical axis so that red blood cells in the sample migrate down the passageway and into the outer chamber, leaving clear plasma in the central chamber that can then be removed by pipette.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1989
    Inventor: John D. Mull
  • Patent number: 4786480
    Abstract: Present invention relates to two-part fluid contactors for application in fluid-fluid contacting processes such as liquid-liquid extraction processes used in nuclear fuel reprocessing. The contactor has a first part and a second part with a plurality of annular regions located between the first and second parts and a plurality of settling compartments disposed sequentially along the axis of rotation of the contactor. First and second fluids are introduced into the annular regions, and a mixture of the first and second fluids is transferred into the settling compartments. The first and second fluids substantially separate in the settling compartments and are then removed therefrom. The apparatus is arranged such that in operation the first and second parts may be moved relatively to one another so that conditions exist in the annular regions such that the first and second fluids disperse one within the other to form a mixture of fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1988
    Assignee: United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority
    Inventor: Peter D. Martin
  • Patent number: 4776964
    Abstract: A hemapheresis system and method in accordance with the invention comprises a stationary closed housing concentric about a central axis and a feed system that moves blood upwardly from the housing lower end toward an outlet port adjacent a substantially closed upper end. Within the stationary housing is a double walled rotor concentric with the housing and rotatable by magnetic means within the housing on sealed end bearings. The space between the rotor walls defines a centrifugation gap into which whole blood is passed and within which centrifugal separation takes place as the rotor is spun at a relatively low rate. Whole blood also seeks to flow upwardly in the space between the rotor and housing, but this path is arranged to have a substantially higher flow impedance, so that the preferential path is within the centrifugation gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1988
    Assignee: William F. McLaughlin
    Inventors: Donald W. Schoendorfer, William F. McLaughlin
  • Patent number: 4695270
    Abstract: A drum for clarifying and separating centrifugates. It has at least one skimmer for diverting the clarified or separated centrifugates, a stationary inlet pipe extending into an inlet chamber, which rotates along with the drum, through an aperture that is slightly wider than the inlet pipe, outlets extending from the inlet chamber into a vestibule that communicates with channels ascending through a set of nested plates within the drum, and, upstream of the inlet chamber, an annular space that communicates with the inlet chamber through an annular channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1987
    Assignee: Westfalia Separator AG
    Inventor: Karl-Heinz Zettier
  • Patent number: 4685899
    Abstract: The solid jacket centrifuge is a plural chamber centrifuge (1). A housing (2) is, together with the centrifuge, stationarily supported, noting that a carrier (6) for cylindrical mantle surfaces (7 and 8) is provided within the housing (2). The cylindrical mantle surfaces (7 and 8) delimit annular chambers (9 and 10) and are shiftable in the direction of the axis of the shaft (3). There is further provided a screw conveyor (12) for introducing the material to be dewatered. The material to be dewatered enters the first annular chamber (9) via radial channels (15). By shifting the cylindrical mantle surface (7) in the axial direction, the material is discharged in a radial direction into the concentric greater annular chamber (10). When subsequently the mantle surface (8) is moved in the axial direction, discharge is again effected in the radial direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1987
    Assignee: Voest-Alpine Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Vilim Cvitas, Karl Faltejsek, Reinhart Hanke, Alois Janusch, Gerhard Larch
  • Patent number: 4626237
    Abstract: The present invention is a centrifuge method and apparatus for separating the components of a stream, particularly a wellstream. Centrifugal force is used to separate solid and liquid components from gaseous components, and the combined action of centrifugal force and countercurrent flow is used to separate a first liquid, such as crude oil, from a second liquid, such as water. In addition, the combined action of centrifugal force and countercurrent flow can be used to separate a heavy gas, such as carbon dioxide, from a light gas, such as hydrocarbon gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1986
    Assignee: Exxon Production Research Co.
    Inventor: Jimmie G. Galloway, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4617010
    Abstract: An apparatus for partial dehydration of a sludge in the centrifugal field of a centrifuge wherein the residual moisture of the sludge is substantially reduced with a comparatively low compression of the sludge, and the non-effective cone length of the centrifuge is reduced without shortening the sludge dwell time. The invention includes an arrangement of agitator elements within the centrifugal drum, coupled with a following shearing centrifuge and decanter, the shearing centrifuge being connected at the discharge of the centrifugal drum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1986
    Assignee: Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Epper, Johannes Florenz
  • Patent number: 4536177
    Abstract: This describes a centrifugal separator for fluid and solid mixtures. The rotating centrifuge assembly includes a structure of two rotating circular cones having transfer veins in which the separation takes place in the veins between the two cones. The cross-sectional area of each such vein increases linearly from the bottom to the top. At the top of the transfer veins there is a dense material transfer vein and a light material transfer vein. One discharge vein is an opening which is slanted backwardly from the motion of the rotating centrifuge assembly to the outside circumference of the centrifuge assembly while the second opening is to the inner vortex of the centrifugal assembly. The inner vortex is connected to a vortex pump which removes the least dense material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1985
    Assignee: Robert G. Green
    Inventor: Donald E. Boatright
  • Patent number: 4458812
    Abstract: A durable, low cost, disposable, single test reagent package with plural compartments that maintain reagents separate during long term storage and permits combining of compartment contents without opening the vessel in a simple, rapid, and controlled manner includes a body component and an imperforate cooperating cover component. The body component defines a central compartment and an annular compartment surrounding the central compartment. Each compartment is upwardly open with annular ridge structure between the two compartments, and reagent material is stored in at least one of the compartments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 10, 1984
    Assignee: Instrumentation Laboratory, Inc.
    Inventors: Gustav H. Dreier, Larry Sorenson
  • Patent number: 4405079
    Abstract: Apparatus is disclosed for centrifugally separating blood into one or more components, such as a plasma-rich component, and a plasma-poor component. This apparatus employs a centrifuge intended to be used immediately adjacent to a blood donor. A flexible displacement container having a displacer fluid operated diaphragm is positioned within a blood processing chamber of the centrifuge rotor. The blood processing chamber comprises a pair of contoured support shoes which structurally supports the displacement container and a flexible blood processing container. Separated first blood component is expressed from the flexible processing blood container by movement of the diaphragm and is collected in a receiver container as the centrifuge rotor spins.A reservoir for displacer fluid is mounted closer to the axis of rotation of the centrifuge than the flexible displacement container and in fluid communication therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1983
    Assignee: Haemonetics Corporation
    Inventor: Donald W. Schoendorfer