With Control Of Oxygen Content In Oxidation Gas Patents (Class 502/52)
  • Patent number: 10280127
    Abstract: An integrated process and system to generate power and convert acyclic C5 feedstock to non-aromatic, cyclic C5 hydrocarbon. A combustion device, such as a turbine, and reactor tubes containing catalyst compound are disclosed. A process involving contacting acyclic C5 feedstock with catalyst composition and obtaining cyclic C5 hydrocarbon is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Larry L. Iaccino, Romain O. V. Lemoine
  • Patent number: 9926242
    Abstract: Disclosed is an integrated process and system to generate power and convert acyclic C5 feedstock to non-aromatic, cyclic C5 hydrocarbon. A combustion device, such as a turbine, and reactor tubes containing catalyst compound are disclosed. A process involving contacting acyclic C5 feedstock with catalyst composition and obtaining cyclic C5 hydrocarbon is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Larry L. Iaccino, Romain O. V. Lemoine
  • Patent number: 9914678
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process and system to convert acyclic C5 feedstock to non-aromatic, cyclic C5 hydrocarbon. A furnace and reactor tubes comprising a catalyst compound are disclosed. A process involving contacting acyclic C5 feedstock with catalyst composition and obtaining cyclic C5 hydrocarbon is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Larry L. Iaccino, Romain O. V. Lemoine
  • Patent number: 8795514
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a regenerated hydrotreatment catalyst regenerated from a hydrotreatment catalyst for treating a petroleum fraction, the hydrotreatment catalyst being prepared by supporting molybdenum and at least one species selected from metals of Groups 8 to 10 of the Periodic Table on an inorganic carrier containing an aluminum oxide, wherein a residual carbon content is in the range of 0.15 mass % to 3.0 mass %, a peak intensity of a molybdenum composite metal oxide with respect to an intensity of a base peak is in the range of 0.60 to 1.10 in an X-Ray diffraction spectrum, and a peak intensity of a Mo—S bond derived from a residual sulfur peak with respect to an intensity of a base peak is in the range of 0.10 to 0.60 in a radial distribution curve obtained from an extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectrum of an X-ray absorption fine structure analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignees: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Japan Petroleum Energy Center
    Inventors: Nobuharu Kimura, Yoshimu Iwanami, Wataru Sahara, Souichirou Konno
  • Patent number: 8680000
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for regenerating a catalyst for the production of aromatic hydrocarbons or for reforming, comprising a step for combustion in a zone A comprising at least 2 beds A1 and A2, a step for oxychlorination in a zone B, and a step for calcining in a zone C. A portion of the effluent gas from the oxychlorination zone is recycled via at least one scrubbing section D to the inlet to beds A1 and A2. Further, a portion of the effluent gas from zone B is recycled to the combustion bed A2, passing via a blower but without passing via said scrubbing section D, and a portion is recycled to the inlet to zone B, passing via said blower but not via said scrubbing section. The invention also concerns the vessel in which said process is carried out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Xavier Decoodt, Sebastien Durand, Pierre Yves Le-Goff, Stephane Wermester
  • Patent number: 8673801
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for regenerating a catalyst for the production of aromatic hydrocarbons or for reforming. Said process comprises a step for combustion in a zone A comprising at least 2 beds A1 and A2, a step for oxychlorination in a zone B, and a step for calcining in a zone C. A portion of the effluent gas from the oxychlorination zone is recycled via at least one scrubbing section D to the inlet to beds A1 and A2. Further, a portion of the effluent gas from zone B is recycled, passing via a blower and without passing via said scrubbing section D, to the combustion bed A2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Xavier Decoodt, Sébastien Durand, Pierre-Yves Le-Goff, Stéphane Wermester
  • Patent number: 8664139
    Abstract: A desulfurization method of a nitrogen oxide absorption catalyst when diesel is used may include determining how many times a regeneration of a diesel particulate filter (DPF) is completed, ending a DPF regeneration, if the number of times of the DPF regeneration reaches a predetermined value and entering into a desulfurization mode to desulfurize the DPF, ending the desulfurization mode after the desulfurization mode is performed for a predetermined time, and calculating a particulate matters (PM) amount that is trapped in the DPF after the desulfurization, compensating the trapped PM amount, and determining a time of the DPF regeneration. A desulfurization timing is determined based on the number of times that the DPF is regenerated to be able to simplify the desulfurization logic and also reduce the memory of ECU, when the LNT catalyst is poisoned by a small amount of sulfur included in exhaust gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Jin Ha Lee, Jae Beom Park, Jeong Ho Kim, Jin Woo Park, Soon Hyung Kwon
  • Patent number: 8435920
    Abstract: Processes are disclosure which comprise alternately contacting an oxygen-carrying catalyst with a reducing substance, or a lower partial pressure of an oxidizing gas, and then with the oxidizing gas or a higher partial pressure of the oxidizing gas, whereby the catalyst is alternately reduced and then regenerated to an oxygenated state. In certain embodiments, the oxygen-carrying catalyst comprises at least one metal oxide-containing material containing a composition having the following formulas: (a) CexByB?zB?O?, wherein B=Ba, Sr, Ca, or Zr; B?=Mn, Co, and/or Fe; B?=Cu; 0.01<x<0.99; 0<y<0.6; 0<z<0.5; (b) Ce1-x-yNixByO2-*, wherein B=Zr, Ba, Ca, La, or K; 0.02<x<0.1; 0<y<0.1; and 0.02<*<0.15; and 1<?<2.2 and (c) coal ash either as a catalyst material itself or as a support for said unary or binary metal oxides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Eltron Research & Development, Inc.
    Inventors: James H. White, Erick J. Schutte, Sara L. Rolfe
  • Patent number: 8372770
    Abstract: This invention is directed to a process for regenerating a deactivated reforming catalyst by circulating a first oxygen-containing gas stream from a gas compressor to a catalyst bed in a reforming reaction zone in order to remove at least a portion of the carbonaceous deposits on the reforming catalyst. Then, a second oxygen-containing gas stream is further circulated from the gas compressor to the reforming catalyst bed, for oxidizing the reforming catalyst, and an inert gas stream is passed from the gas compressor through the reforming catalyst bed to purge a substantial portion of the oxygen contained therein for a time sufficient to reduce the oxygen content of an exiting purge gas stream to less than about 2% by volume oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Lawrence E. Lew
  • Patent number: 8173567
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst distributor and process for spreading catalyst over a regenerator vessel. Nozzles disposed angular to a header of the distributor spread catalyst throughout a full cross section of the catalyst bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Paolo Palmas, Lawrence A. Lacijan, Sujay R. Krishnamurthy, Mohammad-Reza Mostofi-Ashtiani, Paul S. Nishimura, Lisa M. Wolschlag
  • Patent number: 7915191
    Abstract: This invention is directed to a method and apparatus for regenerating a catalyst used in an FCC unit, including providing a spent catalyst into an upper portion of a regenerator, maintaining a calcination phase, a gasification phase, and a combustion phase of fluidized catalyst in the regenerator, combusting carbon in the combustion phase and producing a combustion flue gas, reacting carbon in the gasification phase with the combustion flue gas to form a carbon monoxide rich flue gas, and calcining the spent catalyst with the carbon monoxide rich flue gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Brian W. Hedrick
  • Patent number: 7824574
    Abstract: Processes are disclosure which comprise alternately contacting an oxygen-carrying catalyst with a reducing substance, or a lower partial pressure of an oxidizing gas, and then with the oxidizing gas or a higher partial pressure of the oxidizing gas, whereby the catalyst is alternately reduced and then regenerated to an oxygenated state. In certain embodiments, the oxygen-carrying catalyst comprises at least one metal oxide-containing material containing a composition having one of the following formulas: (a) CexByB?zB?O?, wherein B=Ba, Sr, Ca, or Zr; B?=Mn, Co, or Fe; B?=Cu; 0.01<x<0.99; 0<y<0.6; 0<z<0.5; and 1<?<2.2; (b) SrvLawBxB?yB?zO?, wherein B=Co or Fe; B?=Al or Ga; B?=Cu; 0.01<v<1.4; 0.1<w<1.6; 0.1<x<1.9; 0.1<y<0.9; 0<z<2.2; and 3<?<5.5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2010
    Assignee: Eltron Research & Development
    Inventors: James H. White, Erick J. Schutte, Sara L. Rolfe
  • Patent number: 7749762
    Abstract: A method for testing the performance of catalysts used for conversion of FCC regenerator gases comprises subjecting the catalyst simultaneously to a mixture of gases including an oxidizing gas and a reducing gas in more than one cycle in which the ratio of the oxidizing gas to the reducing gas varies over the time of the cycle. Test gases comprising O2, CO, CO2, steam, nitrogen-containing gases and sulfur-containing gases in which the ratio of O2 to CO varies over time for each cycle and in which the products of combustion formed during each cycle can be measured periodically over the cycle yields important data on the usefulness of the catalysts for treatment of regenerator flue gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Catalysts LLC
    Inventor: David Matheson Stockwell
  • Patent number: 7687675
    Abstract: This invention is directed to methods of converting oxygenates to olefin products. The methods provided include steps for protecting against deactivation of active molecular sieve catalysts during the conversion process. In particular, the invention provides for methods of regenerating coked catalyst to minimize catalyst deactivation due to contact with moisture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Teng Xu, Stephen N. Vaughn, Kenneth R. Clem, James H. Beech, Jr., Peter Nicholas Loezos, Richard B. Hall, Jesse Frederick Goellner
  • Patent number: 7625482
    Abstract: Nanoparticulates of oxygen transfer materials that are oxides of rare earth metals, combinations of rare earth metals, and combinations of transition metals and rare earth metals are used as catalysts in a variety of processes. Unexpectedly large thermal efficiencies are achieved relative to micron sized particulates. Processes that use these catalysts are exemplified in a multistage reactor. The exemplified reactor cracks C6 to C20 hydrocarbons, desulfurizes the hydrocarbon stream and reforms the hydrocarbons in the stream to produce hydrogen. In a first reactor stage the steam and hydrocarbon are passed through particulate mixed rare earth metal oxide to crack larger hydrocarbon molecules. In a second stage, the steam and hydrocarbon are passed through particulate material that desulfurizes the hydrocarbon. In a third stage, the hydrocarbon and steam are passed through a heated, mixed transition metal/rare earth metal oxide to reform the lower hydrocarbons and thereby produce hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Assignee: nGimat Co.
    Inventors: Andrew T. Hunt, Richard C. Breitkopf
  • Patent number: 7619128
    Abstract: This invention is directed to methods of converting oxygenates to olefin products. The methods provided include steps for protecting against deactivation of active molecular sieve catalysts during the conversion process. In particular, the invention provides for methods of regenerating coked catalyst to minimize catalyst deactivation due to contact with moisture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2009
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Teng Xu, Stephen Neil Vaughn, Kenneth R. Clem, James H. Beech, Jr., Pete N. Loezos
  • Patent number: 7582272
    Abstract: A method of servicing a catalytic reactor system, comprising an abatement of at least one hazardous substance from the catalytic reactor system while preserving activity of a catalyst contained therein. A method of servicing a catalytic reactor system, comprising oxidizing the catalytic reactor system at a temperature of from about 350° F. to about 500° F. to abate at least one hazardous substance from the catalytic reactor system and reducing servicing time by about 50% of a time required for complete regenerative oxidation of the catalytic reactor system. A method of servicing a catalytic reactor system, comprising abating at least one hazardous substance from the catalytic reactor system such that a fouling rate of a catalyst contained therein is substantially the same before and after the servicing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2009
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: David J. Glova, Tin-Tack Peter Cheung, Dan B. Knorr
  • Patent number: 7479468
    Abstract: This invention provides an integrated system and process for forming light olefins and polymers from oxygenates, and optionally from natural gas. The integrated system includes an air separation unit, which separates air components into an oxygen stream and a nitrogen stream, and which also forms a compressed air stream. According to the present invention, the oxygen stream, the nitrogen stream and/or the compressed air stream from the air separation unit may serve as a reactant in syngas generation, as a regeneration medium in the methanol-to-olefins reaction system, as a fluidizing stream, as a blanketing medium, as a stripping medium, as instrument air, and/or as a reactant in a sulfur removal unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2009
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Cor F. van Egmond, Eric D. Nelson, Lawrence C. Smith, Ronald G. Searle, James H. Beech, Jr., Michael P. Nicoletti
  • Patent number: 7419929
    Abstract: A process for the production of ethylbenzene by the ethylation of benzene in the critical phase over a molecular sieve aromatic alkylation catalyst comprising cerium-promoted zeolite beta. An aromatic feedstock having a benzene content of at least 90 wt. % is supplied into a reaction zone and into contact with the cerium-promoted zeolite beta having a silica/alumina mole ratio within the range of 50-150 and a cerium-aluminum ratio of 0.5-1.5. Ethylene is supplied to the alkylation reaction zone in an amount to provide a benzene/ethylene mole ratio of 1-15. The reaction zone is operated at temperature and pressure conditions in which benzene is in the super critical phase to cause ethylation of the benzene in the presence of the cerium zeolite beta alkylation catalyst. An alkylation product is produced containing ethylbenzene as a primary product with the attendant production of heavier alkylated by-products of no more than 60 wt. % of the ethylbenzene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2008
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin P Kelly, James R. Butler
  • Patent number: 7291311
    Abstract: Process for controlling the combustion zone of a fluidized bed process comprising a regeneration zone and a reaction zone, the catalyst circulating between these two zones, and the regeneration zone comprising a combustion stage of the coke deposited on the catalyst in the reaction zone, control of the combustion zone being performed on the basis of a characteristic variable of the operation of said combustion zone, said characteristic variable being the object of automatic regulation by acting on the catalyst throughput, characterized in that the value of the catalyst throughput or of any control variable connected unequivocally to the catalyst is determined based on information on the operating values of the combustion zone, at least one of which corresponds to an independent evaluation of the level of coke deposited on the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2007
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventor: Eric Sanchez
  • Patent number: 7223710
    Abstract: A process in which halogen is recovered from a cyclic operation for regenerating hydrocarbon conversion catalysts is disclosed. The process uses an arrangement of beds of adsorbent and a circulating stream to return the halogen-containing materials to a regeneration circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2007
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Paul A. Sechrist
  • Patent number: 7037871
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for regenerating a hydrocarbon conversion catalyst comprising zeolite L with ozone. The catalyst is contacted with ozone at a temperature of from about 20 to about 250° C. and a concentration of ozone of from about 0.1 to about 5 mol-%. The catalyst may contain coke. The process at least partially restores the activity of the catalyst. The process is particularly useful for reforming and dehydrocyclodimerization catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Leonid B. Galperin, Laurence O. Stine, Margaret A. Stine, Timur V. Voskoboinikov
  • Patent number: 6987078
    Abstract: A process for the regeneration of a deactivated zeolite beta catalyst such as rare earth promoted zeolite beta catalyst deactivated in the course of an aromatic alkylation reaction. A zeolite beta conversion catalyst deactivated with the deposition of coke is heated to a temperature in excess of 300° C. in an oxygen-free environment. An oxidative regeneration gas is supplied to the catalyst bed with oxidation of a portion of a relatively porous coke component to produce an exotherm moving through the catalyst bed. At least one of the temperature and oxygen content of the gas is progressively increased to oxidize a porous component of the coke. Regeneration gas is supplied having at least one of an increased oxygen content or increased temperature to oxidize a less porous refractory component of the coke. The regeneration process is completed by passing an inert gas through the catalyst bed at a reduced temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2006
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin P. Kelly, James R. Butler
  • Patent number: 6958304
    Abstract: A process for the regeneration of a zeolite catalyst which comprises treating the catalyst thermally in the presence of a gas stream at temperatures above 120° C., the weight-based residence time of the gas stream over the catalyst during the thermal treatment being greater than 2 hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2005
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Joaquim Henrique Teles, Alwin Rehfinger, Peter Bassler, Anne Wenzel, Norbert Rieber, Ulrich Müller, Peter Rudolf
  • Patent number: 6916756
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a dehydrogenation catalyst comprises the steps (a)-(f): (a) flushing with inert gas at a pressure of from 0.5 to 2.0 bar and a gas hourly velocity of from 1000 to 50 000 h?1; (b) passing an oxygen-containing gas mixture comprising an inert gas through the catalyst at a pressure of from 2 to 20 bar and a gas hourly velocity of from 1000 to 50 000 h?1 for from 0.25 to 24 hours while increasing the oxygen concentration stepwise or continuously from an initial value of from 0.01 to 1% by volume of O2 to a final value of from 10 to 25% by volume of O2; (c) optionally passing an oxygen-containing gas mixture comprising an inert gas through the catalyst at a pressure of from 0.5 to 20 bar and a gas hourly velocity of from 10 to 500 h?1 for from 0.25 to 100 h, with the oxygen concentration being from 10 to 25% by volume of O2; (d) optionally changing the pressure repeatedly, rapidly and in opposite directions by a factor of from 2 to 20 within the range from 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2005
    Assignee: BASF AG
    Inventors: Goetz-Peter Schindler, Werner Magin, Klaus Harth
  • Patent number: 6790802
    Abstract: A method of recovering halogen-containing materials from the cyclic catalyst regeneration operation of a catalytic hydrocarbon conversion process is disclosed. The method uses an arrangement of beds of adsorbent to return the halogen-containing materials to a circulating regeneration circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2004
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Paul A. Sechrist
  • Patent number: 6784132
    Abstract: A method of recovering halogen-containing materials from the cyclic catalyst regeneration operation of a catalytic hydrocarbon conversion process is disclosed. The method uses an arrangement of beds of adsorbent to maintain the halogen-containing materials within a circulating regeneration circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Paul A. Sechrist
  • Publication number: 20040068151
    Abstract: A process for the production of ethylbenzene by the ethylation of benzene in the critical phase over a molecular sieve aromatic alkylation catalyst comprising cerium-promoted zeolite beta. An aromatic feedstock having a benzene content of at least 90 wt. % is supplied into a reaction zone and into contact with the cerium-promoted zeolite beta having a silica/alumina mole ratio within the range of 50-150 and a cerium-aluminum ratio of 0.5-1.5. Ethylene is supplied to the alkylation reaction zone in an amount to provide a benzene/ethylene mole ratio of 1-15. The reaction zone is operated at temperature and pressure conditions in which benzene is in the super critical phase to cause ethylation of the benzene in the presence of the cerium zeolite beta alkylation catalyst. An alkylation product is produced containing ethylbenzene as a primary product with the attendant production of heavier alkylated by-products of no more than 60 wt. % of the ethylbenzene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2002
    Publication date: April 8, 2004
    Inventors: Kevin P. Kelly, James R. Butler
  • Publication number: 20040055285
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process and a device for regeneration of a nitrogen oxide storage catalyst in the exhaust system of a diesel engine. The process comprises a first and a second regeneration strategy. The first regeneration strategy is applied when the exhaust gas temperature is above a threshold value and comprises changing the air/fuel-ratio from a lean to a rich value during a first regeneration period. The second regeneration strategy is applied when the exhaust gas temperature is below a threshold value and comprises switching the air/fuel-ratio back and forth between lean and rich air/fuel-ratios, forming a sequence of between 2 and 10 rich pulses and between 2 and 10 lean pulses during a second regeneration period.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2003
    Publication date: March 25, 2004
    Inventors: Friedemann Rohr, Peter Kattwinkel, Stefan D. Peter, Thomas Kreuzer, Egbert Lox
  • Patent number: 6710002
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a zeolite catalyst comprises the following stages: (I) Heating a partially or completely deactivated catalyst to 250-600° C. in an atmosphere which contains less than 2% by volume of oxygen, (II) treating the catalyst at from 250 to 800° C., preferably from 350 to 600° C., with a gas stream which contains from 0.1 to 4% by volume of an oxygen-donating substance or of oxygen or of a mixture of two or more thereof, and (III) treating the catalyst at from 250 to 800° C., preferably from 350 to 600° C., with a gas stream which contains from more than 4 to 100% by volume of an oxygen-donating substance or of oxygen or of a mixture of two or more thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2004
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Georg Heinrich Grosch, Ulrich Mueller, Andreas Walch, Norbert Rieber, Wolfgang Harder
  • Patent number: 6635795
    Abstract: While contacting under regeneration conditions an oxygen-containing stream with a sorbent comprising a promoter metal and zinc sulfide which has been sulfurized by contact with sulfur-containing hydrocarbons such as cracked-gasolines and diesel fuel, the oxygen partial pressure is controlled in a range of 0.5 to 2.0 psig to minimize sulfation of the sorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Jason J. Gislason, Ronald E. Brown, Robert W. Morton, Glenn W. Dodwell
  • Patent number: 6544410
    Abstract: During the regeneration of a sulfurized sorbent comprising zinc aluminate, a promoter metal and zinc sulfide by contact with an oxygen-containing stream to convert at least a portion of said zinc sulfide to zinc oxide the average sulfur dioxide partial pressure in the regeneration zone is controlled within the range of from about 0.1 to about 10 psig to minimize sulfation of the sorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2003
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: Jason J. Gislason, Ronald E. Brown, Robert W. Morton, Glenn W. Dodwell
  • Patent number: 6506702
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for regenerating a catalyst in a fixed bed, for example a catalyst for reforming or for aromatic compound production, including a step for monitoring and controlling combustion completion which is carried out after the catalyst has undergone all of the combustion steps of the process. The monitoring and control step is carried out by injecting an oxygen-containing gas into the zone where monitoring and control takes place, the monitoring and control step being carried out under conditions which are more severe than those in the combustion steps. The monitoring and control step is carried out with an oxygen consumption of less than 10%. The temperature advantageously remains substantially constant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2003
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: François-Xavier Brunet, Emmanuelle Bromet, Jean-Marie Deves, Dominique Humeau, Eric Sanchez
  • Patent number: 6472340
    Abstract: Catalyst activation of a platinum reforming catalyst system contained in a multiple reactor system by simultaneously reducing the catalyst with hydrogen while introducing a nonmetallic chlorine-containing compound into a reactor of the multiple reactor system in an amount to add from about 0.05 to about 0.3 weight percent chlorine to the catalyst and thereafter purging the system with about 100 to about 50,000 cubic feet of hydrogen per cubic foot of catalyst resulting in a reforming system having increased activity and providing enhanced RON values with reduced cracking of feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2002
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: Fan-Nan Lin
  • Publication number: 20020082159
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a zeolite catalyst comprises the following stages:
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2002
    Publication date: June 27, 2002
    Applicant: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Georg Heinrich Grosch, Ulrich Mueller, Andreas Walch, Norbert Rieber, Wolfgang Harder
  • Patent number: 6380119
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a zeolite catalyst comprises the following stages: (I) Heating a partially or completely deactivated catalyst to 250-600° C. in an atmosphere which contains less than 2% by volume of oxygen, (II) treating the catalyst at from 250 to 800° C., preferably from 350 to 600° C., with a gas stream which contains from 0.1 to 4% by volume of an oxygen-donating substance or of oxygen or of a mixture of two or more thereof, and (III) treating the catalyst at from 250 to 800° C., preferably from 350 to 600° C., with a gas stream which contains from more than 4 to 100% by volume of an oxygen-donating substance or of oxygen or of a mixture of two or more thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2002
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Georg Heinrich Grosch, Ulrich Müller, Andreas Walch, Norbert Rieber, Wolfgang Harder
  • Publication number: 20020039966
    Abstract: (i) In a ceramic catalyst body which comprises a ceramic carrier which has a multitude of pores capable of supporting a catalyst directly on the surface of a substrate ceramic and a catalyst supported on the ceramic carrier, a layer containing an anti-evaporation metal such as Rh is formed on the outer surface of catalyst metal particles such as Pt or Rh.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2001
    Publication date: April 4, 2002
    Inventors: Masakazu Tanaka, Tosiharu Kondo, Tomohiko Nakanishi, Kazuhiko Koike, Takashi Kondo, Tomomi Hase, Miho Ito
  • Publication number: 20020032119
    Abstract: A method of treating a hollandite compound to improve its adsorption of nitrogen monoxide, which comprises subjecting a hollandite compound having a hollandite-type crystal structure and represented by a chemical formula AxMyN8-yO16, wherein A is an alkali metal or an alkaline earth metal K, Na, Rb or Ca, M is a bivalent or trivalent metal element Fe, Ga, Zn, In, Cr, Co, Mg, Al or Ni, N is a tetravalent metal element Sn or Ti, 0<x≦2 and 0<y≦2, to a heat treatment in a stream of an oxygen-nitrogen mixture having oxygen gas and nitrogen gas mixed in a volume ratio of 3:97 to 50:50, at a temperature of from 50 to 1,500° C. for from 5 minutes to 1 hour.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2001
    Publication date: March 14, 2002
    Applicant: National Institute for Research in Inorganic Materials
    Inventors: Kenjiro Fujimoto, Jun Suzuki, Toshiyuki Mori, Mamoru Watanabe
  • Publication number: 20010049329
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for regenerating a catalyst in a fixed or moving bed, for example a catalyst for reforming or for aromatic compound production, including a step for monitoring and controlling combustion completion which is carried out after the catalyst has undergone all of the combustion steps of the process. The monitoring and control step is carried out by injecting an oxygen-containing gas into the zone where monitoring and control takes place, the monitoring and control step being carried out under conditions which are more severe than those in the combustion steps. The monitoring and control step is carried out with an oxygen consumption of less than 10%. The temperature advantageously remains substantially constant. The vessel for carrying out the invention is also claimed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2001
    Publication date: December 6, 2001
    Inventors: Francois-Xavier Brunet, Emmanuelle Bromet, Jean-Marie Deves, Dominique Humeau, Eric Sanchez
  • Patent number: 6239055
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for regenerating a catalyst in a fixed or moving bed, for example a catalyst for reforming or for aromatic compound production, including a step for monitoring and controlling combustion completion which is carried out after the catalyst has undergone all of the combustion steps of the process. The monitoring and control step is carried out by injecting an oxygen-containing gas into the zone where monitoring and control takes place, the monitoring and control step being carried out under conditions which are more severe than those in the combustion steps. The monitoring and control step is carried out with an oxygen consumption of less than 10%. The temperature advantageously remains substantially constant. The vessel for carrying out the invention is also claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: François-Xavier Brunet, Emmanuelle Bromet, Jean-Marie Deves, Dominique Humeau, Eric Sanchez
  • Patent number: 6187709
    Abstract: The invention is a method for preconditioning a palladium containing automotive catalyst by subjecting the catalyst to oxidation by means of an oxidizing gas containing at least 0.85% oxygen at a temperature of at least 450° C. preferably for at least 15 seconds. This oxidation can be carried out before or after engine shutdown. The catalyst is placed in the exhaust system in a location whereby the catalyst attains this temperature during steady state warm-up operation of the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2001
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Walter McCabe
  • Patent number: 6133183
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for regenerating a catalyst for the production of aromatic compounds, in particular for reforming, comprising combustion (A), oxychlorination (B) and calcining (C) steps, in which at least one chlorinating agent (conduit 19), at least one oxygen-containing gas (conduit 18), and water (conduit 20) are introduced into the oxychlorination step such that the H.sub.2 O/HCl molar ratio is 3 to 50, the oxychlorination step being carried out in the presence of an oxychlorination gas containing less than 21% of oxygen and at least 50 ppm by weight of chlorine (based on HCl), and at a temperature of 350-600.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Marianne Capelle, Jean-Marie Deves, Frede ricfmann, Michel Thery
  • Patent number: 6114265
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for controlling combustion in a fluid catalytic cracking regenerator. More specifically, afterburning which occurs during the combustion process is controlled by adjusting oxygen concentration in at least one of two combustion streams which is injected into a fluid catalytic cracking regenerator. Preferably, the combustion streams used in the invention are asymmetrically injected into a dense phase catalyst bed within the regenerator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Todd R. Steffens, Paul K. Ladwig
  • Patent number: 6103652
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for moving bed regeneration of a reforming or aromatic hydrocarbon production catalyst. The catalyst includes a support, at least one noble metal and at least one halogen. The process includes a combustion step in which the catalyst is treated in at least two successive combustion zones. Also, the process includes each combustion zone separated from adjacent combustion zones allowing catalyst to pass and preventing passage of gas, at least one oxygen-containing gas introduced into each zone and produced gases extracted from each zone, and the severity of the operating conditions in each zone increasing in the direction of catalyst flow. Advantageously, the combustion step ends in a zone for monitoring and controlling combustion completion characterized by a low or zero oxygen consumption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: Institut Francois du Petrole
    Inventors: Fran.cedilla.ois-Xavier Brunet, Emmanuelle Bromet, Jean-Marie Deves
  • Patent number: 6083862
    Abstract: Calcium sulfide particles in mixtures with carbon particles, as in coal gasifier waste, are converted to calcium oxide by repeated cycles of oxidation and reduction by utilizing the carbon as a source of the reducing gas required for the treatment. The treatment can be conducted in a two zone fluidized bed reactor by limiting the amount and concentration of oxygen supplied to a lower reducing zone and by supplying excess oxygen to an upper oxidizing zone. Alternatively, for particles less than 0.5 mm in size, the treatment can be conducted by utilizing either two transport reactors or two circulating fluidized bed reactors in series whereby the first reactor in the series is maintained in a reducing state and the second reactor is maintained in an oxidizing state. The particles are transported sequentially through both reactors and recycled several times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas D. Wheelock
  • Patent number: 5972208
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for incorporating additives into a circulating inventory of equilibrium catalyst in a fluid catalyst cracking (FCC) unit are disclosed. Hot regenerated catalyst is removed from the FCC regenerator, cooled, optionally subjected to magnetic catalyst separation, and at least a portion of the cooled catalyst is contacted with a solution of an additive material without forming a separated liquid phase. Additive treated catalyst is recycled to the FCC unit, preferably directly into the regenerator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1999
    Assignee: The M. W. Kellogg Company
    Inventors: Terry L. Goolsby, Dennis C. Kowalczyk, Howard F. Moore
  • Patent number: 5965473
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for recovering chlorine-containing species from the outlet gas of a hydrocarbon conversion process with a cyclic regeneration operation. The outlet gas from an off-stream catalyst bed in which regeneration is occurring is passed to another off-stream catalyst bed which contains spent catalyst and which is maintained at sorption conditions. The spent catalyst particles sorb the chlorine-containing species from the outlet gas. This method captures and retains within the hydrocarbon conversion process chlorine-containing species that would otherwise be scrubbed and lost from the process and that would need to be replaced by the injection of make-up chlorine-containing species. This method results in significant savings in operating costs of a cyclic regeneration process. This method is adaptable to many processes for the catalytic conversion of hydrocarbons in which deactivated catalyst are regenerated by a cyclic regeneration operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1999
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Paul A. Sechrist, Delmar W. Robinson
  • Patent number: 5908804
    Abstract: Coke is burned in the regenerator vessel of an FCC complex with a combustion medium consisting of a diluent gas, such as air, enriched with oxygen, The regenerator is operated in partial combustion mode and excess oxygen is introduced into the combustion zone of the regenerator. Emission of nitrogen oxides to the atmosphere is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Assignee: The BOC Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Raghu K. Menon, Ramakrishnan Ramachandran
  • Patent number: 5565089
    Abstract: Coke deposits are removed from particulates by combustion in a regenerator by a process in which air is initially used as the oxidant. The combustion gas is subjected to a separation process to remove nitrogen therefrom, and the remaining carbon dioxide-enriched gas stream is recycled to the regenerator together while substantially pure oxygen is introduced into the regenerator. As the level of carbon dioxide in the system increases, the amount of air being introduced into the regenerator is gradually reduced and, in compensation, the amount of oxygen flowing to the regenerator is gradually increased. Eventually, part or all of the air is replaced by oxygen and carbon dioxide recycle gas, and the level of oxygen and carbon dioxide are regulated to maintain the desired temperature in the regenerator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: The BOC Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Ramakrishnan Ramachandran, Raghu K. Menon
  • Patent number: 5560817
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) plants are debottlenecked by replacing air feed to the cracking catalyst regenerator with oxygen and carbon dioxide exhaust from the catalyst regenerator and removing methane and hydrogen from the wet gas stream leaving the main fractionator overhead receiver prior to its introduction into a wet gas compressor system. Nitrogen is removed from the exhaust gas and methane and hydrogen are removed from the wet gas in the same pressure swing adsorption (PSA) plant. During air replacement, exhaust gas is processed in the PSA plant and when the desired amount of nitrogen is removed from the exhaust gas, feed of exhaust gas to the PSA plant is terminated and flow of wet gas to the PSA plant is initiated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: The BOC Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Raghu K. Menon, Ramakrishnan Ramachandran