Liquid Composition (e.g., Slurry, Etc.) Patents (Class 510/328)
  • Patent number: 9144540
    Abstract: The invention provides a structured aqueous surfactant system comprising: a) at least 0.1 wt % nonionic surfactant which is a polyoxyethylene nonionic surfactant having a hydrophilic head group with at least four oxyethylene units; b) from 0.5 to 5 wt % dispersed modified cellulose biopolymer, wherein the modification consists of the cellulose having its C6 primary alcohols oxidized to carboxyl moieties (acid/COOH—) on 10 to 70% of the glucose units and substantially all the remainder of the C6 positions occupied by unmodified primary alcohols; c) from 0 to 10 wt % non-surfactant electrolyte, and d) water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Assignee: Conopco, Inc.
    Inventor: Giovanni Francesco Unali
  • Patent number: 8426351
    Abstract: The present invention provides a liquid softener composition having pH 2 to 5 at 20° C. and containing (a) a polymer compound having a weight-average molecular weight of 2,000 to 90,000 and containing specific monomer units (A) and (B) in a specific molar ratio, (b) one or more compounds selected from specific quaternary ammonium salts and amine compounds, and (c) at least one compound selected from water and solvents having a C log P value of 2 or less within specified ranges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Kyoko Okada, Takahiro Osumi, Kazutaka Shiratsuchi, Noriaki Ushio, Kouji Ohsaki
  • Patent number: 8236745
    Abstract: According to the present invention there is provided a pearlescent liquid treatment composition suitable for use in laundering fabrics comprising a fabric care benefit agent selected from the group consisting of fabric softening agent, color protection, pill reduction, anti-abrasion, anti-wrinkle agents and mixtures thereof and a pearlescent agent, said pearlescent agent having D0.99 volume particle size of less than 50 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Rajan Keshav Panandiker, Kerry Andrew Vetter, David Scott Dunlop, Karl Ghislain Braeckman, Karel Jozef Maria Depoot, Mary Jane Combs
  • Patent number: 8209879
    Abstract: A method for operating a dispenser dryer to remove treating chemistry in the dispenser dryer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Whirlpool Corporation
    Inventors: Fredrick E. Chernetski, Michael T. Dalton, Kaustav Ghosh, Karl D. McAllister
  • Patent number: 8110537
    Abstract: A liquid detergent composition is described. The liquid detergent composition includes an emulsion having a water phase and an oil phase. The liquid detergent composition includes a detersive amount of a nonionic surfactant component, an emulsion stabilizing amount of a cationic surfactant component, about 5 wt. % to about 94 wt. % water, and at least about 5 wt. % of a suspended particulate component. A detergent use solution and methods for using a liquid detergent composition are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Ecolab USA Inc.
    Inventors: David W. Gohl, Kim R. Smith, Josh Kassanchuk, Brandon Carlson
  • Publication number: 20110281782
    Abstract: The present application relates to care polymers and fabric and home care compositions comprising such care polymers, as well as processes for making and using such care polymers and such compositions. The performance of the care polymers that Applicants teach, can be further increased by following the emulsification teaching of the present specification and/or combining such care polymers with silicone materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Inventors: Rajan Keshav Panandiker, Julie Ann Menkhaus, Dieter Boeckh, Rainer Dobrawa, Frank Huelskoetter, Valentin Cepus, Jack Tinsley, Klaus Muehlbach, Markus Brym, Sophia Ebert, Ivette Garcia Castro
  • Publication number: 20110201537
    Abstract: The instant disclosure relates to fabric and household hard surface treatment compositions comprising a mixture of cross-linked polyglycerol esters molecules each comprising at least two polyglycerol ester moieties having the structure of Formula I a non-crosslinker moiety; and a crosslinker moiety; wherein n is from about 1 to about 6; and each R independently comprises said crosslinker moiety or said non-crosslinker moiety, such that at least one R comprises said crosslinker moiety; and a carrier material suitable for contact with said fabric. Methods of making and using said compositions are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Inventors: Jennifer Beth Ponder, Hans Henning Wenk, Ulrike Kottke
  • Publication number: 20110201534
    Abstract: The instant disclosure relates to compositions comprising a mixture of polyglycerol partial esters, each having the structure of Formula I with R1, R2 and R3 each being independent from each other, equal or different, and selected from the group consisting of —OH, —OR4, with R4 being a linear, unsubstituted acyl radical with an average chain length of from about 16 to about 22 carbon atoms with the proviso that the monocarboxylic acids obtained from the acyl radical by saponification bears an iodine value of smaller than 50, or —OR5, with R5 a radical having the structure of Formula (I) wherein one of R1, R2 and R3 being a direct bond to the oxygen of —OR5; wherein each molecule of the mixture of polyglycerol partial esters comprises at least one of each —OR4 and —OR5 with the provisos that the polyglycerol obtained by hydrolysis of the polyglycerol partial ester comprises an average degree of condensation of from 2 to 8 and the polydispersity index of said polyglycerol is greater than 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Inventors: Jennifer Beth Ponder, Hans Henning Wenk, Ulrike Kottke
  • Publication number: 20110201533
    Abstract: The instant disclosure relates to fabric and household hard surface treatment compositions comprising mixtures of polyglycerol esters, each having the structure of Formula I: wherein each R is independently selected from the group consisting of fatty acid ester moieties comprising carbon chains having a carbon chain length of from about 10 to about 22 carbon atoms; —OH; and combinations thereof; and wherein the mixture of polyglycerol esters has an average value of n ranging from about 1.5 to about 6, has an average % esterification ranging from about 20% to about 100%; has greater than or equal; to about 50% of the polyglycerol esters having at least two ester linkages; and has a polydipsersity index of greater than about 0.75; and a treatment and/or care agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Inventors: Jennifer Beth Ponder, Hans Henning Wenk, Ulrike Kottke
  • Publication number: 20110201532
    Abstract: The instant disclosure relates to fabric or household hard surface treatment compositions comprising a mixture of cross-linked polyglycerol partial esters having the structure of Formula (I) with R1, R2 and R3 each independent from each other, equal or different, and selected from the group consisting of —OH; —OR4; w. and —OR5 where R5 is a radical having the structure of Formula (I) and R4 is a linear, unsubstituted acyl radical with a chain length of from about 16 to about 22 carbon atoms, having the structure of general Formula (II) with X a bivalent organic residue with from 2 to 34 carbon atoms with the proviso that the fatty acids obtained from the acyl radical by saponification of —OR4 bears an iodine value of smaller than 50 and each molecule of the polyglycerol partial ester mixture comprises at least one of each of an —OR5 and —OR4 wherein one of R1, R2 or R3 being a direct bond to the oxygen of —OR5.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Inventors: Jennifer Beth Ponder, Hans Henning Wenk, Ulrike Kottke
  • Publication number: 20110190190
    Abstract: Household care compositions having a linear polydimethylsiloxane-polyether copolymers with amino and/or quaternary ammonium groups, obtainable by the reaction of organopolysiloxanes functionalized with secondary aminoalkyl groups with the reaction products formed from compounds containing epoxy groups and amines, the use thereof and process for preparation thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Publication date: August 4, 2011
    Inventors: Frank Schubert, Wilfried Knott, Michael Ferenz, Klaus-Dieter Klein, Tobias Maurer, Ralph Scheuermann, Bernard William Kluesener, Rajan Keshav Panadiker
  • Publication number: 20110028376
    Abstract: The invention concerns a composition for cotton textile care in particular, comprising an anionic polysaccharide (in particular anionic polygalactomannan) having a mole weight higher than 250000. The composition can be a solid or liquid detergent formulation, a liquid rinsing and/or softening formulation, a drying additive contacted with wet textile in a dry textile, an aqueous ironing formulation, a prespotting washing additive deposited on the textile before a washing operation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2010
    Publication date: February 3, 2011
    Applicant: Rhodia Chimie
    Inventors: Ian Harrison, Eric Aubay
  • Publication number: 20100240570
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an auxiliary composition, for use in the laundering or treatment of fabrics, comprising an admix of (i) clay and (ii) a silicone in an emulsified form.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Inventors: Kevin Graham Blyth, Andrew Russell Graydon, Colin Stephenson
  • Patent number: 7786065
    Abstract: A novel class of ionic liquids and methods for their preparation are disclosed. Specifically, these novel ionic liquids can be derived from peracid anions. The present invention also relates to compositions containing these novel ionic liquids and method of using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Stacie Ellen Hecht, Gregory Scot Miracle, Scott Leroy Cron, Michael Stanford Showell
  • Publication number: 20100093593
    Abstract: [PROBLEMS] To provide a softening detergent composition capable of washing a fibrous manufactured article or the like having softening ability, and at the same time allowing a clay mineral to be less likely to remain on clothes. [SOLVING MEANS] A softening detergent composition containing (a) 2 to 20% by mass of clay granules containing as a main component a smectite clay mineral represented by the following general formula (I), provided that a Na/Ca mass ratio in the granules is 1.0 or more: [Si8(MgaAlb)O20(OH)4]X?.X/n [Me]n+ (I), wherein a, b, and x satisfy the formulas 0<a?6, 0?b?4, 0.2?x=12?2a?3b?1.2; Me is at least one member of Na, K, Li, Ca, Mg and NH4; and n is valency of Me; (b) 3 to 9% by mass of a nonionic surfactant; and (c) 12 to 27% by mass of an anionic surfactant, provided that a salt of a fatty acid is excluded; and the softening detergent composition used for hand-washing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2006
    Publication date: April 15, 2010
    Inventors: Yohei Ozeki, Teruo Kubota, Motomitsu Hasumi
  • Publication number: 20100083444
    Abstract: The invention relates generally to novel laundry detergent compositions comprising linalol and uses thereof. Aspects of the invention include a laundry detergent that includes an effective amount of linalol, which has not been modified to provide a fragrance, for improving color retention and fabric softening qualities and reducing soap residue retention and static electricity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2009
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Inventor: Julia Fry
  • Publication number: 20100081602
    Abstract: Compositions for treating fabric articles, especially articles of clothing, linens and drapery, wherein the compositions provide improved cleaning of soils from and/or care of and/or treatment of fabric articles, especially while providing superior garment care for articles sensitive to water as compared to conventional fabric article treating compositions, are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2009
    Publication date: April 1, 2010
    Inventors: John Christopher Deak, John Christian Haught, Joseph Michael Ladd, JR., John Cort Severns, Christian Arthur Jacques K. Thoen, Jerome Howard Collins
  • Patent number: 7557077
    Abstract: The invention concerns the use, in a composition for textile care in aqueous or wet medium, of a non-ionic polysaccharide whereof the native skeleton is formed of a main chain comprising similar or different anhydrohexose units, and branches including at least an anhydropentose and/or anhydrohexose unit. The anhydrohexose and/or anhydropentose units of the native skeleton being modified by at least a non-ionic group. The composition is designed for washing and/or rinsing and/or softening, prespotting textile articles, drying wet clothes in a dryer or for facilitating ironing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: Rhodia Chimie
    Inventor: Ian Harrison
  • Patent number: 7135450
    Abstract: The invention provides an excellent means of giving an excellent bleaching effect when a liquid bleaching composition is used as foam. A liquid composition containing (a) hydrogen peroxide, (b) a specific sugar derivative-based surfactant, (c) polyoxyalkylene alkyl ether wherein the carbon number of the alkyl group is 10 to 14 and the mole number of oxyalkylene added on the average is 7 to 12, and (d) water in a specific ratio is foamed and used in bleaching of clothing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2006
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Masataka Maki, Kazuyoshi Ozaki, Nobuyoshi Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 7098175
    Abstract: Aqueous laundry detergent compositions comprising a solubilized ethoxylated fatty acid diester as a detergency booster and/or a defoamer. Preferred compositions include a nonionic surfactant, preferably ethoxylated fatty acid monoester, as at least part of the surfactant in the composition, and also functioning as the solibilizer for the ethoxylated fatty acid diester.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Unilever Home & Personal Care USA Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Feng-Lung Gordon Hsu, Shui-Ping Zhu, Yun-Peng Zhu
  • Patent number: 6984336
    Abstract: The invention concerns the treatment of clothes for dry wrinkle resistance, in particular in-wear wrinkle resistance. The clothes are treated with an amphoteric polymer and secured in the desired configuration, preferably during a process of ironing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2006
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Markus Wilhelm Altmann, Bruno Albert Jean Hubesch, Heidi Simonne Mariette Soyez, Jürgen Detering, Ulrich Steuerle
  • Patent number: 6750189
    Abstract: The fabric care compositions comprising A) from 0.1% to 10% by weight amino acid based polymers which are alkoxylated with an average of 0.1 to 30 alkyleneoxy units; B) from 1% to 80% by weight, of a fabric softening active; and C) the balance carriers and adjunct ingredients wherein said compositions provide colored fabric with protection against the deleterious effects of mechanical wear and exposure to laundry-leaching added ingredients inter alia bleaching materials or water-borne materials inter alia heavy metal ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2004
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Shulin Larry Zhang, Sherri Lynn Randall, Rajan Keshav Panandiker
  • Patent number: 6638903
    Abstract: Fabric softener compositions comprising certain red colorants that exhibit excellent deep, dark red colorations (for aesthetic purposes) and mix very well with other colorants to provide differing red shades and tints therein, which simultaneously exhibit very low, if any staining capabilities on fabrics treated therewith, are provided. Such deep and dark red colorations have heretofore been unavailable within fabric softener formulations due to the tendency of such prior colorants to exhibit unacceptable staining levels, particularly when formulated at similar deep and dark shades as now provided within the inventive low-staining formulations. Apparently, and quite unexpectedly, the colorants present therein react favorably with quaternary ammonium salt softening agents in a manner to prevent reaction with the fibers of the treated fabrics themselves, thereby preventing staining thereon and therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventor: James E. Stavrakas
  • Publication number: 20030199416
    Abstract: A heat activated fabric treatment composition comprises from 3 to 75 wt % of one or more fabric treatment active ingredients, from 10 to 50 wt % of water, from 5 to 40 wt % of an oil and optionally from 2 to 30 wt % of a nonionic surfactant. The composition is provided in a dispensing device which, in use, is attached to the internal panel of a tumble dryer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2003
    Publication date: October 23, 2003
    Applicant: Unilever Home & Personal Care USA, Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Alan John Fry, Mansur Sultan Mohammadi
  • Publication number: 20030199417
    Abstract: A heat activated fabric treatment composition comprises from 3 to 75 wt % of one or more fabric treatment active ingredients, from 5 to 60 wt % of a nonionic surfactant and from 10 to 50 wt % of water. The composition is provided in a dispensing device which, in use, is attached to the internal panel of a tumble dryer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2003
    Publication date: October 23, 2003
    Applicant: Unilever Home & Personal Care USA, Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Alan John Fry, Mansur Sultan Mohammadi
  • Patent number: 6551986
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fabric enhancement compositions which provide reduced fabric abrasion damage. The compositions of the present invention comprise from about 0.01% by weight, of a fabric enhancement system, a softening active, and the balance carriers and adjunct ingredients.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2003
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Janet Sue Littig, Dieter Boeckh, Oliver Borzyk, Michael Ehle, Frederick Anthony Hartman, John Cort Severns, Shulin Zhang
  • Publication number: 20030073597
    Abstract: A liquid softener composition suitable for treatment of clothes and/or fabrics, composed by a) anionic surfactants of the formula R—O—(AO)n—SO3− M+ in the range of 0.5 to 20% b) a cationic surfactant or association of cationic surfactants in the range of 1 to 40% c) optionally amphoteric and/or non-ionic surfactants in the range of 0.1 to 20%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2002
    Publication date: April 17, 2003
    Applicant: Clariant International Ltd.
    Inventors: Manlio Gallotti, George Nunes
  • Patent number: 6451750
    Abstract: A water soluble package formed from a copolymeric polyvinyl alcohol film, wherein the comonomer comprises a carboxylate function, the package containing a substantially non-aqueous liquid composition which comprises: at least one ionic ingredient with an exchangeable hydrogen ion; and a molar excess (with respect to the amount of exchangeable hydrogen ions in the at least one ionic ingredient) of a stabilizing compound effective for combining with the exchangeable hydrogen ions to hinder the formation of lactones within the film, but can be as low as 95 mole % if the stabilizing compound comprises an inorganic base and/or ammonium hydroxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: Unilever Home & Personal Care USA division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Malcolm Hewitt, Hannah Mansfield, Jenny Wiggans
  • Patent number: 6384005
    Abstract: A conditioning composition for garments to be used before or after conventional washing and drying operations is disclosed. The compositions are suitable for conditioning dry clean only garments. The composition is an aqueous mixture containing a garment conditioning agent wherein the mixture has a fluid viscosity of from about 1 cps to about 100 cps and a fluid surface tension of from about 20 dynes/cm to about 55 dynes/cm. The conditioning composition is in fog form to improve composition deposition on the garments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Assignee: Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Ricky Ah-man Woo, Donald Scott Adams, Bruce Albert Yeazell, Daniel Scott Cobb, Jacqueline Marie Duderstadt, Stephen Gary Bush
  • Patent number: 6376455
    Abstract: The present invention relates to quaternary ammonium compounds and formulations thereof useful as cleaning compositions, antistatic compounds, fabric softeners, hair conditioners, skin conditioners, paper deinking and ink floatation, agents, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2002
    Assignee: Goldschmidt Rewo GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Floyd E. Friedli, Hans-Jurgen Kohle
  • Patent number: 6331511
    Abstract: A detergent composition with a softening and protective action of natural fibers, wherein the composition has no cationic surface-active agents, and contains: (a) surface-active agents selected from the group including anionic, nonionic and amphoteric surface-active agents and relative mixtures; (b) esters having the formula (I): R1—CO—O—(—CH2—CH2—O—)a—R2  (I)  wherein: a is between zero and 20; R2 is a mono-functional hydrocarbon radical, having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms; R1 is a mono-functional hydrocarbon radical defined in the claims.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2001
    Assignee: Condea Augusta S.p.A.
    Inventors: Calogero Genova, Giuseppe Giammasi, Francesco Buosi
  • Patent number: 6296670
    Abstract: Rinsing dyed or white fabrics in a chelator-containing rinse bath restores color and brightness. Rinse added compositions comprising chelators such as diethylenetriaminepentaacetate or ethylenediamine disuccinate are used to restore the appearance of colored and white fabrics whose drab appearance has been caused by interactions with metal ions, especially copper and nickel. Compositions comprising the chelators in combination with fabric care auxiliaries such as fabric softeners, cellulase enzymes and chlorine scavengers are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: John Robert Rusche, Ellen Schmidt Baker, Axel Masschelein
  • Patent number: 6255271
    Abstract: A fabric care composition comprises an amine or amide-epichlorohydrin resin or derivative thereof, a silicone component and, optionally, a textile compatible carrier. The textile compatible carrier facilitates contact between the resin and a fabric. The composition is adapted for use in the rinse cycle of a laundering process and may be used, as part of such a process, in the treatment of fabric to reduce creasing of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Assignee: Unilever Home & Personal Care, USA, division of Conopco
    Inventors: Robert John Carswell, Anthony Nicholas Jarvis, Adelle Louise Killey, William Mooney, Andrew Philip Parker, Emily Jane Peckham, Zhengwu Shen
  • Patent number: 6130193
    Abstract: A laundry sheet is disclosed which is a substrate having a detergent composition applied thereto. The detergent composition contains a water insoluble silica gel to produce a laundry sheet having a dry hand. The laundry sheet provides a total laundering process that cleans and softens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2000
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Samuel Mark Gillette
  • Patent number: 6004917
    Abstract: A process for producing a liquid composition containing at least one active component and a diluent by mixing the active with diluent and/or liquid active to produce a liquid crystal mixture and incorporating diluent into it such that the mixture remains substantially homogeneous to produce a composition in which the concentration of active components is lower than the concentration of active components in the liquid crystal mixture. Novel apparatus for use in the process is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Lever Brothers Company
    Inventors: Galip Akay, Graeme Neil Irving, Adam Jan Kowalski, David Machin
  • Patent number: 5968203
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composition for treating synthetic textile material and a method of using it. The composition comprises a smectite clay to scour the textile material, a wetting agent to enhance addition of the clay to other components of the composition, a sequestrant to sequester metal ions that inhibit the performance of the clay, and, when the composition is an aqueous slurry, a viscosity control agent to adjust the viscosity of the composition in order to prevent separating or settling of the clay. The method comprises contacting the textile material with the synthetic textile material treating composition under conditions sufficient to remove the contaminants from the textile material and washing the textile material treating composition off of the textile material, thereby producing a treated textile material from which the contaminants have been removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: Sybron Chemicals Inc.
    Inventor: Harold M. Brown
  • Patent number: 5856287
    Abstract: The present invention provides laundry concentrate compositions comprising a mixture of at least one non-ionic surfactant and at least one water insoluble, polar group--containing oil, wherein the concentrate is characterized by a viscosity in excess of about 10 cps, preferably in excess of 100 cps, and further characterized that, upon dilution with at least about one volume of water per volume of concentrate, the concentrate is converted at least partially into a liquid crystal phase dispersion, providing a diluted concentrate having a viscosity of at least about 50 cps.Preferred concentrates are fabric softeners in the form of a water-in-oil emulsion and also containing a cationic or non-ionic fabric softener.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Co.
    Inventors: Andrea Lee Motyka, Guy Broaze, Alison Kugler
  • Patent number: 5767052
    Abstract: Concentrated liquid fabric softener compositions which are unstable due to phase separation are stabilized by means of water-soluble polyesters. Stable liquid compositions comprising various fabric treatment electrolytes are provided. Compositions comprising terephthalate-ethylene oxide stabilizers in fabric softener compositions comprising various chelators such as ethylenediamine disuccinate, diethylenetriamine pentaacetate and various aminophosphonates restore softness and dye colors to fabrics which have been exposed to metal cations, especially copper or nickel. Compositions comprising cellulase enzymes are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: John Henry Shaw, Jr., Robert Mermelstein
  • Patent number: 5688759
    Abstract: Nitrogen-free anionic conditioning formulations containing sulfated polyol fatty acid esters corresponding to formula (I): ##STR1## in which R.sup.1 CO is a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated acyl radical containing 6 to 22 carbon atoms, R.sup.2 represents hydrogen, an OCR.sup.1 group or an SO.sub.3 X group, R.sup.3 is hydrogen or an (OCH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.m OR.sup.2 group, n is 0 or a number of 1 to 5, m is 0 or a number of 1 to 10, and X is an alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, ammonium, alkylammonium, alkanolammonium or glucammonium ion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 18, 1997
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Ansgar Behler, Gunther Uphues, Bernd Wahle
  • Patent number: 5567340
    Abstract: Nitrogen-free anionic fabric softeners are provided by sulfated fatty acid partial glycerides corresponding fo formula (I): ##STR1## in which R.sup.1, R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 independently of one another represent at least one aliphatic, linear or branched acyl radical containing 6 to 22 carbon atoms, at least one sulfate group and optionally a hydroxyl group, and m, n and p=0 or a number from 1 to 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Ansgar Behler, Uwe Ploog, Guenther Uphues, Bernd Wahle, Peter Waltenberger, Yvonne Jansen
  • Patent number: 5562848
    Abstract: Amide compositions useful for softening textile materials, such as fabrics. A concentrate composed of the amide softener and an alkylpolyglycoside is diluted to provide a softening solution of low viscosity stable over extended periods, which on application to a fabric provide improved hand (softeners) and scorch resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1996
    Inventors: James A. Wofford, Steve C. James