Abstract: A building panel structure is disclosed, in which building panels are used to form a structure. The building panel includes a core and a coating covering a portion of the core. In some embodiments the core consists of a frame and one or more than one insulating structural block. The insulating structural blocks can be encapsulated polystyrene (EPS) foam blocks. In some embodiments the coating includes an inner scratch layer and an outer main brown layer. The inner scratch layer can be formed of at least two layers and a fiberglass mesh. The outer main brown layer can include a fiberglass mesh embedded into the outer main brown layer. A coating/frame coupler is disclosed which securely couples the coating to the frame so that the building panel remains strong and stable even if the EPS foam blocks are melted or damaged in extreme conditions such as a fire.
Abstract: In a method for connecting a reinforcement or facing of hydraulic-setting material of cement mortar mixture or concrete mixture on a structural component, a multi-layer reinforcement mat is attached to a structural component. A smoothing cement of hydraulic-setting material is filled into outer fabric layers of the reinforcement mat. The smoothing cement is allowed to set to form a substitute formwork. Into the space between the substitute formwork and the structural component a flowable cement mortar mixture or concrete mixture is filled in.
Abstract: In an anchor installation in a lightweight construction panel having spaced cover plates with a support core disposed therebetween, wherein an anchor installed in a bore extending through at least one of the cover plates and the support core includes an expansion body having engagement elements spreading outwardly behind the cover plate to lock the anchor in the bore, the expansion body includes an axial bore fittingly accommodating a needle for the injection of cement into the expansion body and distribution passages for the distribution of the cement to various cavities in and around the expansion body for firmly fixing the anchor in the lightweight construction panel.
Abstract: A system for stabilizing an existing basement wall includes a wall stabilizing system including a first wall anchoring device installed on a surface of the existing basement wall. The first wall anchoring device may further include a first anchoring plate fastened to a surface of the existing basement wall tethered via a substantially rigid rod to a second anchoring plate embedded underground outside the existing basement wall at a distance away from the existing basement wall. The system may include a first layer of sprayable concrete material applied over the existing basement wall. System may further include a third anchoring plate installed on a surface of the first layer of sprayable concrete material. The system may also include a second layer of sprayable concrete material applied over the first layer of sprayable concrete material.
Abstract: A building module. The building module has a rigid inner construction panel defining a planar surface thereon; one or more rigid brackets each affixed by one or more mechanical fasteners to the planar surface of the inner construction panel; a rigid, closed-cell, spray foam or adhesive matrix contiguous to and substantially covering the planar surface of the construction panel and filling and surrounding and/or embedding at least a major portion of the one or more brackets. Each of the one or more brackets bears a planar surface facing substantially away from the planar surface of the inner construction panel. The surface area of the planar surface of each of the one or more brackets is substantially smaller than the surface area of the planar surface of the construction panel to which it is affixed. There is also a method for making a building module, a method for constructing a building using the building module, and brackets useful in the building module.
February 11, 2011
Date of Patent:
January 29, 2013
Darek Shapiro, Victor Rolando Yanez Galindo
Abstract: Composite structural system for floors or roofs comprising steel beams and reinforced concrete slab or shear walls comprising steel columns and reinforced concrete diaphragms. In both cases a steel plate with holes crossed with rebars is welded to the steel beam or to the steel column which performs the integral combination of the concrete, the structural element and the rebars.
Abstract: A concrete stud wall system includes elongated mounting strips having mounting brackets that are pressure inserted through longitudinally spaced slots in the outer flanges of the studs and tracks for attaching a reinforcing mesh and encapsulated by a poured concrete panel.
Abstract: A system and method for securing an insulated concrete wall form to a bracing structure such as a scaffolding frame to keep the form straight and plumb during construction. The system uses anchoring and tensioning members, which may be formed as pieces separate or integrally as a single piece to hold the bracing structure against insulated panels of the insulated concrete wall form. Openings may be cut through the insulated panels to provide a pathway for the tensioning member. The anchoring member is positioned against an inner face of the insulated panel. A portion of the anchoring member or the tensioning member extends into the wall form concrete receiving space to fix the system in place once the concrete sets. The tensioning member may be disposed through one of the openings, around the bracing structure and through the other opening and around the anchor member to maintain the tension. Alternatively, the tensioning member may be disposed through an interface between upper and lower wall form blocks.
Abstract: A column mounted shoring bracket has a support sub-assembly attached to a column or other supporting surface, a jack sub-assembly attached to the support and a head sub-assembly attached to a part of the jack that varies in height relative to the support. The head has a head base that supports one or more rollers for moving a form. The head also has a supporting plate for supporting the form. The supporting plate is connected to the head base so that it may be slid upwards and fixed in a position where the top of the supporting plate is above the top of the rollers, for example to carry the weight of a slab being built, or slid downwards so that the top of the supporting plate is below the top of the rollers which do not have to carry the weight of the slab being built. The angular position of the rollers may be aligned with an external reference such as the side of a column, a wall, or a jig.
Abstract: A device is provided which enables an object such as a window protection device to be secured to a structure, where the device passes through a hole in one or more structures located between the object, and the structure to which attachment is desired. The device can be screwed, or otherwise attached, to wood structural framing which is concealed beneath veneer, such as bricks and other masonry. The other end of the device receives a tool which allows such an installation, and also the removal of the device. The other end also receives a fastener, such as a bolt, which secures the material or the track to the end of the device, the end of the device being substantially flush with the exterior veneer surface. The end of the device is flared to seal the hole in the veneer and increase the stability of the device in the hole.
Abstract: A construction system uses an elongate horizontal structural beam having a vertically oriented pair of side legs integrally joined to a base plate. The base plate lays abutting a structural ground surface with the side legs extending upwardly. The structural beam further comprising a number of horizontally spaced apart, tabs extending outwardly from the side legs. A number of elongate vertical structural beams, act as wall bearing members and have, integrally joined to a further base plate, a further pair of side legs adapted for abutting, at a first end, the first structural beam. Further tabs extend outwardly from the further side legs. Each of the tabs is derived as a cut-out portion of the side legs such that a major surface area of the tabs is positioned vertically or horizontally depending upon how the beam is positioned. A vertical concrete wall abuts the first and the second side legs and is positioned for enclosing all of the tabs for attachment of the beams to the wall.
Abstract: A monocoque concrete structure includes a core structure comprised of foam panels presenting opposite sides and arranged in a desired shape of the monocoque concrete structure. A layer of concrete is applied to each of the opposite sides of the core structure to form a double monocoque concrete structure having a load bearing concrete shell on each of the opposite sides of the core structure.
Abstract: A wall construction process including the steps of: providing a retaining mold for retaining a concrete slurry; installing reinforcing rods; at least partially filling the retaining mold with a concrete slurry mixture; allowing sufficient time for the concrete slurry mixture to solidify into a footing; constructing a reinforcing screen vertically oriented with respect to the footing; providing a plurality of spacers; placing the plurality of spacers to the reinforcing screen; providing a plurality of sheets of a foam insulating material having a first and second substantially planar surface; positioning one of the first and second surfaces against the spacers; providing a plurality of sheets of sheet-form lathe; positioning the plurality of sheets of sheet-form lathe against the remaining first and second surfaces of the foam insulation that are not against the spacers, providing a plurality of fasteners; fastening the plurality of sheets of sheet-form lathe, the plurality of sheets of foam insulation materia
Abstract: Reinforced concrete slab and girder building structures incorporate shearing connectors with lengthwise support parts to which lengthwisely spaced, transversely extending, rigid load transfer plates affix. A girder structure having one or more lengthwisely extending girders is provided and the shear connectors are fixed to the girders near their support walls below a deck for supporting the slab, the shearing connectors being positioned so that portions of the load transfer plates and support parts project above the girder structure and deck to receive compression forces in the slab which are transferred by the connectors to the girders. The lengthwisely extending connector support parts have connections for carrying a series of lengthwisely spaced rebar rods which embed in the slab when it is poured and transfer compressive load forces to the transfer plates.
Abstract: A building material manufacture (20, 21, 22, 64, 70, 81) forming an openway (23, 24) in a building (26) and to which wet cement or stucco trim or the like (40) is applied. One embodiment (20) includes base (28) and side (29) segments having staggered slots (31) and beads (30b) coextensive in length thereto for determining the depth of plaster or stucco to be applied, and with mounting flanges (35,36). Another embodiment includes a tiered arrangement (45) of base/side segments and mounting flanges. Another embodiment is fabricated out of a skeletal configuration (51) of a reticulated foraminous sheet of metal connected to a pair of spaced flanged members (48). Another embodiment (64) is formed of wires, longitudinally and transversely oriented to each other, and including flange-like elements for connecting it to a building formation for an openway therein.
Abstract: A clip connector for joining column and beam members to concrete building panels is non-corrosive, and does not require bolts or pins to pass into the concrete panels. The connector is a non-corrosive steel clip having a substantially angular shape with two flanges, one flange substantially straight, and the other flange divided into a first portion and a second portion, the first portion having a lip at the end thereof for containment within a column or beam section, the second portion having a bend therein to extend through an aperture in the column or beam section, the second portion terminating in a hook for engaging a reinforcing member in a concrete building panel.
Abstract: A method for the suspension of panels from a building, to form a final surface, on which plasters are to be applied, whereby the building consists of a load bearing structure and a curtain wall and has an outer surface, facing the panels, and covered with an insulating material. In accordance with the method, supports made of non-rusting material are clamped on the load bearing structure, to form at least one horizontal array of supports, whereby the supports project from the outer surface of the building and from the insulating material. The supports of each of the horizontal arrays are bridged by beam-member(s), whereby the connection between the supports of each horizontal array and the beam-members allows the beam-members to slide on the supports, so that to avoid the development of stresses in the beam-members as a result of temperature variations.
Abstract: An end insert for a top cap on a wall panel comprises a extension member removably joined to a tail member. The tail member is received within a channel of the top cap and affixed to the top cap by sonic welding. The extension member is an elastomer and has a stop flange which covers the open end, and a portion which extends away from the open end.
Abstract: A rigid attachment to spacedly secure an inner drywall to an outer wall, made of building blocks, such as concrete blocks. Each attachment is formed of a first arm and a second arm normal thereto. The first arm is provided with lateral projections to anchor the first arm in mortar between the building blocks. Abutments are further provided to firmly position the second arm in parallel, spaced-apart relationship to the outer wall. The attachment may be used vertically, or horizontally, in the outer wall.
Abstract: Tilt-wall concrete panels adapted for constructing small buildings with "finished" interiors, especially single-family residences, etc. A peripheral frame of wooden members is laid on top of a barrier film of plastic (e.g., 4 mil polyethylene) on a horizontal surface. Wood-like studs are then placed within the frame and nailed thereto. Any desired utility cables and service pipes are positioned within the frame. An insulating foam cover, preferably high-density polyurethane, is then generated within and over the frame, to a depth that at least covers the wood-like studs and any utility or service lines. Foam about 1.5 inches thick will cover these elements and bond them securely together as a stable, easily movable "plate"--after the foam plastic has hardened.
Abstract: There is provided a building structure made from wooden logs with gaps between the logs for receiving insulation. The gaps are formed between the stacked logs by driving sharpened spikes into oppositely facing logs so that the opposing sharpened tips of the spikes penetrate the logs and secure a fixed distance between such logs. Two spikes are normally aligned with one another and respectively driven near the inner and outer walls of the log structure. Each spike has a hole drilled there through for receiving a screw-like rod interconnecting the two spikes and supporting various building items such as a wire mesh screen for receiving plaster, a vapor barrier and inside panels. Furthermore, insulation is provided between the two logs so that the thermal resistance of the overall building structure is greater than a building structure which would use logs alone.
Abstract: A prefabricated building unit has a framed inner stud wall to which is joined an intermediate wall of insulation board and an exterior wall of concrete, the concrete being poured on the intermediate wall and over angled, protruding nails that fasten the intermediate wall to the stud wall. A plurality of the building units are combined to complete the walls of a structure, the method of joining being to weld together reinforcing bars extending from the concrete portion of each unit and then to pour a pilaster over the joined reinforcing bar. The exterior of the concrete wall is finished during prefabrication with exposed aggregate and exterior varnish.