Slab Type With Integral Ribs Patents (Class 52/602)
  • Patent number: 9885172
    Abstract: A building structure with a balcony includes a beam with an upward facing cavity. The beam includes an opening in which a cantilevered section is received. The cantilevered section has a proximal end that is positioned in the cavity and a poured bonding structure fills the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: DIVERSAKORE LLC
    Inventors: Housh Rahimzadeh, Marc Rahimzadeh
  • Patent number: 8727759
    Abstract: A Fully Integrated Structural Building System has a pair of pre-stressed multi-stemmed concrete floors. The pre-stressed multi-stemmed concrete floors are adapted to contact each other on one parallel side edge to form peripheral edges and a central joining edge. A part of a building is coupled to a pre-stressed multi-stemmed concrete floor. The building is constructed with a primary structural frame and a secondary structural frame separated by a rigid foam spacer. The spacer is a Class I non-combustible closed-cell foam. The building is strong, energy efficient, non-combustible and easily transported from the factory to the building site. The building is Green and constructed only with renewable and recyclable materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Inventor: Michael J. Wolfe
  • Patent number: 8671641
    Abstract: Providing a half precast slab even in a case where the thickness of the slab in the site condition is too thick to apply conventional precast construction techniques. A half precast slab including a plurality of floor concrete form members and, each floor concrete form member being provided with: a bottom slab of a long length, in response to the floor concrete form member; a pair of side walls installed upright along each longitudinal edge of the bottom slab, in response to the floor concrete form member; thereby, each floor concrete form member is arranged so as to be parallel to each other and be tightly connected to the adjacent floor concrete form member, along the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of each floor concrete form member; the height of the side walls other than the side walls on the most outer edge sides of the whole floor concrete form members is set at a common height that is smaller than the height of the side walls on the most outer edge sides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeo Takakura, Satoru Tanaka, Yumi Tanaka, Toshiaki Kato, Naoyuki Kita, Nobuyuki Kawabata
  • Patent number: 8499522
    Abstract: A lightweight concrete masonry unit for veneering the face of a building. The veneer block includes a body with planar front, top, bottom, and side surfaces with the top, bottom, and sides perpendicular to the front surface. One or more channels are formed in the rear surface. The depth of the channels are restricted to maintain no less than one inch of remaining wall thickness between the channel bottoms and the opposite front surface. The novel shape and larger minimum wall thickness of the lightweight veneer block enables production on a commercial block machine within the standard cycle time, provides weight and raw material cost savings up to 50%, and allows block heights that are not attainable with conventional hollow core veneer blocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: E. Dillon & Company
    Inventors: David A. Skidmore, James Barry Link
  • Patent number: 8484907
    Abstract: A foam core cement construction panel having shear members and lateral rails that form a channel-beam-like structure and novel methods of using the panels to form an integrated roof structure that serves three separate functions: (1) the roof load structure assembly; (2) the roof's exterior waterproof assembly; and (3) the roof's exposed interior ceiling assembly and which can include internal hydronics for added climate control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Integrated Structures, Inc.
    Inventors: Roy Gary Black, Cullen Burda
  • Publication number: 20130160392
    Abstract: Providing a half precast slab even in a case where the thickness of the slab in the site condition is too thick to apply conventional precast construction techniques. A half precast slab including a plurality of floor concrete form members and, each floor concrete form member being provided with: a bottom slab of a long length, in response to the floor concrete form member; a pair of side walls installed upright along each longitudinal edge of the bottom slab, in response to the floor concrete form member; thereby, each floor concrete form member is arranged so as to be parallel to each other and be tightly connected to the adjacent floor concrete form member, along the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of each floor concrete form member; the height of the side walls other than the side walls on the most outer edge sides of the whole floor concrete form members is set at a common height that is smaller than the height of the side walls on the most outer edge sides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
  • Patent number: 8375676
    Abstract: Providing a half precast slab even in a case where the thickness of the slab in the site condition is too thick to apply conventional precast construction techniques. A half precast slab including a plurality of floor concrete form members and, each floor concrete form member being provided with: a bottom slab of a long length, in response to the floor concrete form member; a pair of side walls installed upright along each longitudinal edge of the bottom slab, in response to the floor concrete form member; thereby, each floor concrete form member is arranged so as to be parallel to each other and be tightly connected to the adjacent floor concrete form member, along the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of each floor concrete form member; the height of the side walls other than the side walls on the most outer edge sides of the whole floor concrete form members is set at a common height that is smaller than the height of the side walls on the most outer edge sides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeo Takakura, Satoru Tanaka, Yumi Tanaka, Toshiaki Kato, Naoyuki Kita, Nobuyuki Kawabata
  • Patent number: 8365473
    Abstract: For establishing a more modern and environmental, inexpensive building, there is disclosed a prefabricated, self-supporting construction element (6) intended chiefly for apartment buildings, where a number of construction elements (6) are placed at the side of one another and on top of one another, and comprising at least two substantially parallel-extending walls (26), where the external side surface (14) is profiled with protruding ribs (16) which, in combination with corresponding external side surfaces (14) of corresponding construction elements (6) along the external side surfaces (14), form a plurality of channels (60) respectively intended for in-situ casting with a (flowing), hardening material (concrete) for the formation of a supporting construction in the form of columns (94) and beams for supporting a plurality of construction elements (6) placed on top of one another, and for the leading of supply pipes and cables to the building, which is characteristic in that the external side surfaces (14) co
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Build-Pod International Ltd.
    Inventor: Ole Bjerre
  • Publication number: 20110146190
    Abstract: Providing a half precast slab even in a case where the thickness of the slab in the site condition is too thick to apply conventional precast construction techniques. A half precast slab including a plurality of floor concrete form members and, each floor concrete form member being provided with: a bottom slab of a long length, in response to the floor concrete form member; a pair of side walls installed upright along each longitudinal edge of the bottom slab, in response to the floor concrete form member; thereby, each floor concrete form member is arranged so as to be parallel to each other and be tightly connected to the adjacent floor concrete form member, along the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of each floor concrete form member; the height of the side walls other than the side walls on the most outer edge sides of the whole floor concrete form members is set at a common height that is smaller than the height of the side walls on the most outer edge sides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Takeo TAKAKURA, Satoru TANAKA, Yumi TANAKA, Toshiaki KATO, Naoyuki KITA, Nobuyuki KAWABATA
  • Patent number: 7793471
    Abstract: A floating floor assembled from an array of interconnected subunits, each of which includes a stone, ceramic or porcelain tile and a one-piece polymeric plastic substrate to which the stone, ceramic, or porcelain tile is bonded. Each substrate is injection molded from certain polyolefin polymers and incorporates the interlock structure and certain other features of the modular sports tiles of U.S. Pat. No. 4,930,286. The substrates of the present invention, however, differ in that each substrate incorporates a vertical stabilization system, the plastic support grid is formed by three sets of mutually intersecting walls, with each set being angularly offset from the other two by 120 degrees, and each substrate is sized to precisely fit a stone, ceramic or porcelain tile, which is accurately positioned by tile locator tabs on a pair of intersecting sides of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Inventor: David Tilghman Hill
  • Publication number: 20100162651
    Abstract: A concrete roof panel for constructing a peaked concrete roof on a building has a first planar member coupled to a second planar member at an angle other than 180 degrees. The roof panel includes at least one rib member coupled to the inside surface of the roof panel. The roof panel includes a flattened attachment portion at either end thereof for connecting the roof panel to a side wall of a building.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2008
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Inventor: Clinton C. Krell
  • Publication number: 20100162648
    Abstract: A block suitable for use in an arrangement of blocks that are interlocked. The block may comprise: a first side surface extending between a first edge and a second edge, the first side surface being irregular and having a first half and a second half that are congruent; a second side surface extending between the second edge and a third edge, the second side surface having a first half and a second half that are congruent; a third side surface extending between the first edge and a fourth edge, the third side surface being congruent with a first portion of the first side surface; a fourth side surface extending between the third edge and a fifth edge, the fourth side surface being congruent with a second portion of the first side surface such that the first portion and the second portion of the first side surface constitute the first side surface; and a fifth side surface extending between the fourth edge and the fifth edge, the fifth side surface having a first half and a second half that are congruent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2008
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Inventor: Marcel Thomassen
  • Patent number: 7716888
    Abstract: A composite deck assembly includes a baseplate and a top plate secured to the baseplate. The baseplate is formed from a first composite matrix comprising strands of reinforcing fibers oriented in first direction and a polymer resin. The baseplate includes a plurality of ribs and a plurality of laterally extending open channels disposed between the ribs. The top plate is formed from a second composite matrix of reinforcing fibers in a polymer resin, and is secured, optionally releasably, to the baseplate so as to generally enclose at least a portion of the channels. All the reinforcing fibers in the baseplate may be limited to being either the strands oriented in the first direction or matted reinforcing fibers having a random orientation. At least one of the base section and the top plate may be translucent. The open channel configuration simplifies manufacture and lowers cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Assignee: ZellComp, Inc.
    Inventor: Daniel H. Richards
  • Publication number: 20100024332
    Abstract: A pre-formed structural concrete element for use in the formation of a composite concrete floor of a building or the like, the element comprising: a generally planar base portion having opposing faces; a series of generally parallel spaced apart formations extending from one said faces of the base portion each defining along with an adjacent formation a void space therebetween and wherein the formations terminate in a plateau and have at least a narrow portion and a wide portion between the plateau and the one said faces of the base portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2007
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Inventor: Trevor Valaire
  • Patent number: 7048469
    Abstract: A flexible, molded, polymeric grid is embedded in a predominantly concrete mat comprising a concrete slab having relatively thicker portions defining blocks connected by relatively thinner portions, along which the concrete slab is breakable. The flexible grid has two longitudinal edges, two transverse edges, longitudinally extending members, and transversely extending members, where the longitudinally and transversely extending members connect the blocks to one another when the concrete slab is broken along the relatively thinner portions. The longitudinally and transversely extending members meet at nodes, which are spaced uniformly from one another, both longitudinally and transversely, except that, along the longitudinal and transverse edges, each node is spaced more distantly from the nodes nearest to the node. When the longitudinal and transverse members are disposed in an imaginary plane and the flexible grid is not stressed, fingers, which are unitary with the grid, extend from the imaginary plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Inventor: Jan Erik Jansson
  • Patent number: 7021014
    Abstract: A manufactured building system has a pair of pre-stressed multi-stemmed concrete floors. The pre-stressed multi-stemmed concrete floors are adapted to contact each other on one parallel side edge to form peripheral edges and a central joining edge. A part of a building is coupled to a pre-stressed multi-stemmed concrete floor. Also described is a Method of Transporting the pre-stressed multi-stemmed concrete floors with the partial building coupled there to, to a site. Also described is a Method of Manufacturing a pre-stressed multi-stemmed concrete floor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2006
    Inventor: Michael J. Wolfe
  • Patent number: 7017316
    Abstract: A concrete building panel has a slab and a plurality of ribs and beams. A series of horizontal holes in the end ribs are spaced at a selected constant spacing such that adjacent panels may be fastened together through them. In one type of panel, the slab is separated from the ribs to provide an air gap. Connections between holes in two adjacent concrete wall panels are made by a hollow conduit having an abutment at either end to engage the concrete wall panels. Other connections between adjacent panels involve a stitch with legs which extend through holes in the beams. Other connections involve a space made by vertical channels of horizontally adjacent panels. A plate fitted into the space aligns the adjacent panels and may extend upwards to align upper panels. Load bearing horizontal holes through the ribs are reinforced with reinforcing bar in the concrete arranged in generally triangular shapes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: Brentmuir Developments (1993) Limited
    Inventor: Nick DiLorenzo
  • Patent number: 6912821
    Abstract: A composite deck assembly includes a baseplate and a top plate secured to the baseplate. The baseplate is formed from a first composite matrix comprising strands of reinforcing fibers oriented in first direction and a polymer resin. The baseplate includes a plurality of ribs and a plurality of laterally extending open channels disposed between the ribs. The top plate is formed from a second composite matrix of reinforcing fibers in a polymer resin, and is secured, optionally releasably, to the baseplate so as to generally enclose at least a portion of the channels. All the reinforcing fibers in the baseplate may be limited to being either the strands oriented in the first direction or matted reinforcing fibers having a random orientation. At least one of the base section and the top plate may be translucent. The open channel configuration simplifies manufacture and lowers cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2005
    Assignee: Zellcomp, Inc.
    Inventor: Daniel H. Richards
  • Patent number: 6869669
    Abstract: The present invention may be embodied in a sandwich panel having first and second face panels each having a first predetermined thickness and being formed of a fiber-reinforced cementitious material. The sandwich panel further includes support frame for supporting the first and second face panels in a spaced apart configuration. The support frame is formed of a fiber-reinforced cementitious material that is continuous with the cementitious material of the first and second face panels. Blocks of rigid insulation are embedded in the sandwich panel for defining a structure of the support frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: Advanced Wall Systems LLC
    Inventors: Michael S. Jensen, Kurt S. Martin
  • Patent number: 6837013
    Abstract: Wall system employing lightweight precast concrete wall panels. The precast wall panels include a concrete slab and a plurality of spaced-apart elongated generally parallel bent sheet metal channels that are partially embedded in the slab. Each wall panel can be coupled to a support wall by extending self-tapping screws through metallic wall framing members and the channels at locations where the framing members and channels cross.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2005
    Inventors: Joel Foderberg, Gary Foderberg
  • Patent number: 6739797
    Abstract: A block (11) formed with a mold (10) integral thereto. The mold (10) is constructed as a mold top half (12) and a mold bottom half (14) and filled in situ with cement (16). The mold halves (12,14) are constructed with respective socket and channel structures (24, 20) to capture an enlarged end (38) of a connector (34) for interlocking one block to a neighboring block. The resulting block (11) constitutes a one-piece block that can be formed at the installation site using the two-part mold (10). The interlocked blocks are prevented from removal when moved in either lateral direction, or in the vertical direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2004
    Inventor: Thomas W. Schneider
  • Patent number: 6708459
    Abstract: A composite construction panel having a thin panel of concrete material and a reinforcing grid of sheet metal studs with embedment portions which are actually embedded into the concrete panel, each of the studs having a web, main web openings through the web, a right angular flange formed on a free edge of the web, an embedment angled flange portion formed along the opposite edge of the web, an edge strip formed on the angled flange at an angle thereto; and, spaced apart angled flange openings formed in the angled flange for flow of concrete therethrough. An alternate form of stud has a triangular tube structure along one edge of the web. Another form of stud has a discontinuous webs defining spaces between them. In one embodiment two concrete panels may be secured to the studs in spaced relation to create a hollow structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2004
    Assignee: GCG Holdings Ltd.
    Inventor: Ernest R. Bodnar
  • Patent number: 6698150
    Abstract: A concrete building panel has a slab and a plurality of ribs and beams. A series of horizontal holes in the end ribs are spaced at a selected constant spacing such that adjacent panels, may be fastened together through them. In one type of panel, the slab is separated from the ribs to provide an air gap. Connections between holes in two adjacent concrete wall panels are made by a hollow conduit having an abutment at either end to engage the concrete wall panels. Other connections between adjacent panels involve a stitch with legs which extend through holes in the beams. Other connections involve a space made by vertical channels of horizontally adjacent panels. A plate fitted into the space aligns the adjacent panels and may extend upwards to align upper panels. Load bearing horizontal holes through the ribs are reinforced with reinforcing bar in the concrete arranged in generally triangular shapes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2004
    Assignee: Brentmuir Developments (1993) Limited
    Inventor: Nick DiLorenzo
  • Publication number: 20040000116
    Abstract: An improved key for a dry wall block system is provided with a plurality of longitudinal flanges and a common web. The keys are adapted to engage with slots in the ends of building blocks to align and join the blocks and provide improved stability during the erection process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2002
    Publication date: January 1, 2004
    Inventor: William John Davis
  • Patent number: 6625948
    Abstract: Brick material building element and method of building with the element, wherein the brick material building element includes a base having a length, a first side, a second side, an inner surface, and an outer surface, whereby a width is defined by a distance between the first side and the second side. A longitudinal protrusion is formed on the first side of the base. A longitudinal recess is formed on the second side of the base. A main protrusion extends from the base. The main protrusion has a surface which is shorter than the length of the base. At least one longitudinal through opening is disposed in at least one of the base and the main protrusion. The longitudinal protrusion includes an external shape which is complementary to and adapted to fit within the longitudinal recess of another brick material building element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Inventor: Carmine Franco Valente
  • Patent number: 6581352
    Abstract: A structural panel is formed of an isogrid web. The structural panel has a flat face covering one open side of the isogrid web and four sidewalls forming the edges of the isogrid web, The flat face and the sidewall form, in combination, an open topped box like structure. The isogrid web has a first plurality of ribs oriented vertically thereby providing columnar support for the structural panel and a second plurality of nibs oriented transversely at an angle to the first plurality of ribs thereby providing lateral support for the structural panel. The first plurality of ribs and the second plurality of ribs form, in combination, a pattern of repeating isosceles triangles thereby forming the isogrid web. The first plurality of ribs and the second plurality of ribs meet at a third plurality of nodes forming the vertices of the isosceles triangles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Inventor: Kamran Amirsoleymani
  • Publication number: 20030093965
    Abstract: In one implementation of the present invention, corrugated metal deck panels are attached to concrete structural beams to form a precast panel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2002
    Publication date: May 22, 2003
    Inventor: Philip Glen Miller
  • Publication number: 20030056460
    Abstract: There is provided an engineered wall system which comprises at least one monolithic precast concrete foundation wall panel having top, bottom and opposing side edges. Each of the panels comprises a plurality of integral ribs, evenly spaced along a length of the panel between the side edges. The ribs are vertically oriented and project inwardly when the panel is in position as part of a building wall and a first and second outermost rib form each of the opposing side edges. There is a plurality of sleeve apertures located in the top edges and axially aligned in the opposing side edges and ribs and alignment means on the first and second outermost ribs to align adjacent ones of the panels. Attachment means on the first and second outermost ribs to secure together the aligned adjacent panels is also provided, as well as installation support pads attachable to the panels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2001
    Publication date: March 27, 2003
    Inventor: Bradford F. Rivington
  • Publication number: 20030000167
    Abstract: Brick material building element and method of building with the element, wherein the brick material building element includes a base having a length, a first side, a second side, an inner surface, and an outer surface, whereby a width is defined by a distance between the first side and the second side. A longitudinal protrusion is formed on the first side of the base. A longitudinal recess is formed on the second side of the base. A main protrusion extends from the base. The main protrusion has a surface which is shorter than the length of the base. At least one longitudinal through opening is disposed in at least one of the base and the main protrusion. The longitudinal protrusion includes an external shape which is complementary to and adapted to fit within the longitudinal recess of another brick material building element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2002
    Publication date: January 2, 2003
    Inventor: Carmine Franco Valente
  • Patent number: 6385933
    Abstract: A self sustaining, precast concrete wall panel for installation between a building roof structure and a building slab. The wall panel is reinforced by reinforcing rods configured in horizontal and vertical directions within the wall. To add stability to the wall panel a metal plate is placed on top of the wall panel and a wood plate is placed of top of the metal plate. The metal plate in sandwiched between the wood plate and the wall panel by threaded rods and nuts which are tightened on the rods which are embedded in the wall panel and runs vertically through both plates and protrudes through the top portion of the wall panel. A second rod protrudes through the bottom portion of the wall panel. The second rod is placed into holes provided in the floor and epoxied. Epoxy grout is used to fill voids between the wall panel and the slab providing stability to the wall panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Inventor: George Owens
  • Publication number: 20020040559
    Abstract: A receiver assembly for retaining a stanchion between a pair of looped supports. The receiver includes a support frame and a receiver support, the receiver support, the receiver support being adapted for engaging and retaining the stanchion. The receiver assembly also includes a locking bar that extendins from the support frame. The locking bar is adapted for engaging the pair of looped supports while extending between the pair of looped supports, so that the stanchion is retained in a generally upright position by the cooperation of the base and the locking bar with the looped supports.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2001
    Publication date: April 11, 2002
    Inventor: Gary E. Choate
  • Patent number: 6338231
    Abstract: A precast concrete wall panel and system using such panels, with each panel including a rectangular concrete frame having a flat outer side and a recessed inner side. On the perimeter of the panel and along the face of the recessed inner side, concrete ribs are cast for stiffness. The recessed inner side is embedded with an insulation batt. A strip of wood molding is provided on each inner longitudinal edge of the frame. Using this molding, dry wall may be conveniently fastened to the concrete panel to finish the inside wall surface. To form a wall, the panels are placed side by side. Joints between the panels coincide with reinforcement rods extending upwardly from the building foundation. Recesses in the sides of the panels create channels or keys through which the rods extend. Concrete is poured into the keys to secure the panels to each other and to the foundation. The wall panels are complemented with special components such as corner components, window frames and door frames.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2002
    Assignee: Fast Built Panels, Inc.
    Inventor: Alberto Enriquez
  • Patent number: 6264734
    Abstract: A method for forming building products from heat insulated material and building products formed in accordance therewith includes providing a mold configured with inner dimensions equal to the desired configuration of the building material block; providing a fluid mixture of heat insulating material formed from a predetermined composition of ingredients; providing at least one rigid reinforcement member and placing the reinforcement member in the mold; introducing the fluid mixture into the mold with the at least one reinforcement member and allowing the fluid mixture to harden within the mold and removing the mixture from the mold resulting in a block of reinforced heat insulating building material. The present invention is also directed to a block of reinforced heat insulated building material according to the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2001
    Assignee: RADVA Corporation
    Inventor: Luther Dickens
  • Patent number: 6260320
    Abstract: The present invention provides a concrete building panel comprising a slab having top and bottom flanges and side flanges generally defining a box, and a plurality of ribs extending between the top and bottom flanges and being parallel to the side flanges. The panels of the invention can be used to form the walls, floor or roof of a building.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Inventor: Nick Di Lorenzo
  • Patent number: 6244008
    Abstract: A specific type of preassembled lightweight floor panel comprising, a subassembly of steel trusses separated by panels of insulation panels, with the edges of the insulation panels beveled in such a manner as to expose the top and bottom chords of the trusses, the first cementitious layer cast on the lower face by forcably immersing this subassembly in a thin layer of cementitious fluid until the bottom chord of the steel trusses is encased, then after the floor panels and all of the surrounding structural elements are instaled, a second layer cementitious cast over these floor panels providing these panels with a finished floor surface and permanently attaching this floor panel to the walls above and below the floor these specific floor panels are used above grade on dwarf walls, piers, on floors over basements, on floors between upper levels and on flat roofs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2001
    Inventor: John Fullarton Miller
  • Patent number: 6230465
    Abstract: A precast concrete modular device using thin coffered sections reinforced preferably with carbon and/or glass fiber scrim grids, in between steel reinforced ribs is provided. The thin reinforced sections stiffen the steel reinforced precast frame. The thin sections preferably have a thickness less than about two inches, preferably less than about 1½ inch, and more preferably less than about 1 inch. The resultant modules have an areal weight of less than about 40 lbs. per square foot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2001
    Assignee: Oldcastle Precast, Inc.
    Inventors: Harold G. Messenger, Gordon L. Brown, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6101779
    Abstract: A supporting structure for modular building units comprising a pre-cast reinforced pre-insulated concrete slab. The supporting structure is a rectangular multi-bayed structural unit, suitable for use as a floor system or a roof, supported by composite pre-cast concrete beams integrated from the upper surface to the lower surface of the unit. At least a pair of pre-cast reinforced longitudinal beams run parallel to the length of the structure. Pre-cast reinforced composite crossbeams or purlins run in the transverse direction at regular intervals. The beams and purlins have integrated deformed reinforcing bar steel, and may include steel channel bottom reinforcement. An upper reinforcement of wire mesh is provided near the surface, welded to the reinforcing rods at intervals. The steel channel bottom reinforcement includes a plurality of spaced apart upright steel studs welded at regular intervals along the channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: Space Master Building Systems, LLC
    Inventor: Gary A. Davenport
  • Patent number: 6009677
    Abstract: A prefabricated building panel for use in constructing a building structure includes a generally planar concrete panel, a metal member separate from the concrete panel and positioned on an end surface of the concrete panel so that the metal member is exposed for serving as a welding surface, and a plurality of bar anchors welded to the metal member and embedded in the concrete panel. The bar anchor is welded to the metal member to fix the metal member in place relative to the concrete panel. The metal member serves as a connection region for connecting the building panel to another building panel through welding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2000
    Assignee: Strathclyde Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph Anderson
  • Patent number: 5950390
    Abstract: A pre-cast one-piece concrete building module including a concrete panel having a face with a plurality of weight-saving cavities formed therein and a concrete frame integral with the cavity forming face of the panel. The frame includes a longitudinally spaced apart main end beams spanned by a plurality of laterally spaced apart secondary beams. A plurality of concrete reinforcing ribs are disposed between the end beams and formed integrally with the cavity forming face of the panel and adjacent secondary beams. The reinforcing rib has a concave surface extending between the secondary beams and is preferably of a parabolic shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Inventor: Jack Jones
  • Patent number: 5884442
    Abstract: A method of producing a cambered composite joist and concrete panel assembly, and the assembly so produced, comprising the steps of providing a negatively cambered casting mold, positioning at least one negatively cambered composite joist with a bottom chord joined to a web member having non-attached top apices into the mold such that the top apices rest within the mold, pouring concrete into the mold and allowing it to harden to form a cambered concrete panel with the joists extending from the panel, removing the assembly from the mold and inverting it such that the precast camber in the panel flattens out from the effects of the weight of the panel and creep during final curing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1999
    Assignee: Structural Systems Ltd.
    Inventor: Andre Breault
  • Patent number: 5758463
    Abstract: A modular building panel comprising a single, monolithic, planar slab having a thickness and parallel inner and outer surfaces, the slab being formed primarily of cellular concrete and a pair of parallel linear members. Each of the linear members has outer and inner opposed parallel edges, a web connecting the edges, and an outer flange at the outer edge extending substantially perpendicular to the web. The slab extends between the webs of the outer side linear members, the outer edges and the outer flanges being embedded in the slab inwardly of its inner surface, and the outer surface of the slab being uninterrupted. The panel can additionally include at least one inner linear member intermediate and parallel to the outer side linear members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignee: P & M Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Philip S. Mancini, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5697189
    Abstract: A lightweight structural concrete wall panel for house construction, includes a sandwich construction of two thin fiber reinforced concrete faces enclosing vertical panels of insulation material consisting of expanded polystyrene. Vertical structural concrete ribs between the insulation panels are used to interconnect the concrete faces. A continuous track system cast in the upper edge of the panel and projecting connect bars at the lower edge of the wall, connecting this wall to the surrounding structure in such a manner that the floor slab can be poured after erecting the walls. The face of the wall panel can be cast in such a manner as to appear as siding or another desirable building surface. Window and door openings can also be cast into this wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1997
    Inventors: John F. Miller, Andrew J. Miller
  • Patent number: 5687511
    Abstract: A prefabricated tile for covering building roofings comprises a plurality of side-by-side light diffusion sites (13) defined by openings (15) provided through a lower flat slab (11) of said tile. From said lower flat slab (11) mutually opposite side walls (12) extend upwards with decreasing height from the middle to the ends of said tile, wherein through said side walls (12) openings (14) are provided to make the whole structure lighter and allow service equipment to run through.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 18, 1997
    Assignee: DLC S.r.l.
    Inventor: Alberto Dal Lago
  • Patent number: 5634308
    Abstract: A structural module has a cast concrete portion and a girder. The concrete portion has a reinforced deck with a reinforced load bearing a diaphragm at opposite ends. The girder extends between the diaphragms and protrudes into each diaphragm without structural connection thereto while being shear and tension coupled to the deck such that forces induced in the girder are transferred to the diaphragms via the coupling between the girder and the deck.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1997
    Inventor: Terence F. Doolan
  • Patent number: 5581969
    Abstract: A modular building panel construction comprises an elongated panel member having a least one generally V-shaped reinforcing stud member formed integrally with or secured to one surface of the panel. The reinforcing stud member runs parallel to the long dimension of the panel, and is located along the long side edge of the panel member and extend laterally beyond the edge of the panel member. The other long edge of the panel member is free from any reinforcing stud members. The building panel may be made without any old growth lumber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1996
    Inventor: Stephen L. Kelleher
  • Patent number: 5566520
    Abstract: Pre-cast concrete wall modules including a relatively thin, web with inner and outer surfaces and two columns located on opposite sides of the web. Each wall module also includes at least two vertical columns and one horizontal beam extending generally normal to the columns. The columns are each located substantially near an end of the web, and the beam is located substantially near the uppermost portion of the web. The invention also includes a casting bed for forming the wall modules, and the method of forming the wall modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Inventor: Abraham Branitzky
  • Patent number: 5526629
    Abstract: Provided is a composite building panel including, in accordance with a preferred embodiment, a planar concrete slab portion at the front and a plurality of elongated frame members at the rear. Each frame member includes a first end and an opposite second end that define a length therebetween, and a front side and a rear side which define a width therebetween which is less than the length. The front side of each frame member is imbedded in the concrete slab portion along the entire length of the frame member, and the rear side of each frame member is oriented opposite from the concrete slab portion. The frame members are, in accordance with preferred embodiments, all oriented on one side of the concrete slab portion and function to reinforce the concrete slab portion; to define cavities therebetween for the installation of plumbing, electrical wiring, and insulation; and to provide for the attachment of wallboard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1996
    Assignee: Cavaness Investment Corporation
    Inventor: Joseph A. Cavaness
  • Patent number: 5493836
    Abstract: This invention refers to an improved modular system for housing based upon preformed reinforced concrete modules (ferro-cement). Different modules provide for fast and simple interconnection to form housing sets from interlinked sets of welded together modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1996
    Inventor: Humberto Lopez-Munoz
  • Patent number: 5433049
    Abstract: The prefabricated creep foundation in accordance with the invention is a building system for the laying of the foundations for a heated building with a beam structure above an enclosed, unventilated creep space. The foundations are constructed from base plates made of concrete, foundation beams made of concrete with internal cellular plastic, and ventilation grids for ventilation. The foundation beams consist of an externally reinforced high concrete slab with thick, cast-on-cellular plastic insulation on the inside. The creep space can be inspected more easily thanks to the considerable height of the foundation beams. The thick cellular plastic insulation on the foundation beams enables surplus heat to be utilized, so that the laying of the foundations can take place at a reduced foundation depth. The foundations can be laid using a crane, and can be adapted to the requirements of the project.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1995
    Inventors: Goran Karlsson, Erik Thelberg
  • Patent number: 5359825
    Abstract: A modular construction system includes a plurality of coupled construction modules, with each module having a number of generally upright wall panels interconnected to define an enclosed interior space of preferred dimension. Construction modules are arranged in a vertical stack, with each module having a plurality of floor panels supported by the load bearing wall panels of an underlying module. Each load bearing wall panel is formed of reinforced concrete and has a pair of spaced apart L-shaped support columns. An integral lateral beam extends transversely between the support columns and has a substantially horizontal flange for supporting floor slabs of an overlying construction module. Bottom ends of the columns extend downwardly below the lower edge of the beam to define a narrow elongated trimming, whereby vertical loads associated with a supported overlying structure are transferred solely to the corners of the construction module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1994
    Assignee: Concrete Concepts, Inc.
    Inventor: George D. Makarov