Compound Curve Structure Patents (Class 52/80.1)
  • Patent number: 10748224
    Abstract: A continuously growing physical structure may be generated by identifying a plurality of metrics associated with the physical structure. The plurality of metrics may include at least one of a shape of available physical space, a size of available physical space, a type of soil/earth of a location of the physical structure, a context of use of the physical structure, a climate of the location, or availability of resources associated with the location. The plurality of metrics may be analyzed to determine at least one of a rate of growth of the physical structure or a most suitable shape of the physical structure. Growth of the physical structure may then be generated according to at least one of the determined rate of growth of the physical structure or the determined most suitable shape of the physical structure. The identified plurality of metrics may then be monitored periodically.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC
    Inventors: Christian L. Belady, Sean Michael James, Michael Rees Helsel, Nicholas Andrew Keehn, Eric C. Peterson
  • Patent number: 10742518
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a service indicator display method and device. The method includes: obtaining measurement values of service indicators in a building and a three-dimensional grid model of the building, where an outer surface of the model includes multiple polygons; determining, according to the measurement values of the service indicators, a measurement value that is of a service indicator and that is corresponding to a vertex location of each polygon; performing gradient rendering on each polygon according to a legend and the measurement value, to obtain spatial distribution of the service indicators; and displaying the spatial distribution in the building. A surface of a building model is divided more finely by using a polygon, and spatial location distribution of service indicators is reflected more truly by means of gradient rendering, so as to improve network optimization efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Junliang Chen, Jun Zhang, Chao Wang
  • Patent number: 8973309
    Abstract: A tower structure including a central, vertical mast and a plurality of tensioned elongate elements arranged to support the mast against buckling, the plurality of tensioned elements together defining a generally hyperboloid structure and including a first plurality of elongate elements which define a multiplicity of junctions therebetween, a second plurality of junction-to-mast joining elongate elements which join at least some of the multiplicity of junctions to the central, vertical mast; and a third plurality of junction-to-junction joining elongate elements which are connected at a plurality of mutually spaced fixed locations therealong to the at least some of the multiplicity of junctions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignees: S. Cohen & Co.-Trust Company Ltd.
    Inventor: Yossi Amir
  • Patent number: 8973336
    Abstract: Rounded vault forming structures and the systems and methods for making the same are disclosed. Such structures include a monolithic building having one or more arches, one or more integrated hip structures, and a non-circular outer circumferential shaped base. At least some of the structures result in zero to extremely low amounts of waste material from building such structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Southern Utah University
    Inventors: Matthew Edwards, Ronald K. Kraft
  • Patent number: 8966832
    Abstract: A protective shelter includes an enclosure having at least a floor, at least one sidewall coupled to the floor, a protected opening in the at least one sidewall, and a roof coupled to the at least one sidewall. The protective shelter includes a plurality of attachment fixtures each coupled to at least one of a set including the sidewall and the roof and a plurality of recesses at the at least one sidewall. Each of the plurality of recesses is sized to receive therein an anchoring assembly coupled to one of the plurality of attachment fixtures and couplable to a respective anchoring device on an underlying substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Inventor: Oscar T. Scott, IV
  • Publication number: 20150052827
    Abstract: A dome enclosure that can be constructed on any foundation includes a plurality of dome structures and a bonding material. Each of the plurality of dome sections has a curved beam, a wall bracket, and a plurality of blocks. The wall bracket rests on the foundation and can be fitted for straight walls, curved walls, corners, etc. The curved beam is positioned into the wall bracket, wherein the wall bracket can be moved to readjust the position of the curved beam. The plurality of blocks is supported by the curved beam, wherein the plurality of blocks of an arbitrary section spans the distance to a subsequent section. Once the plurality of dome sections has been erected around the foundation, the bonding material is poured, or otherwise applied, wherein a single solid structure is formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventor: Carlos Alberto Henriques DaCosta
  • Publication number: 20150000216
    Abstract: A portable modular building structure that includes a plurality of sections assembled adjacent one another. The sections include molded fiberboard panels, that optionally include interior plenums. In an embodiment, each panel has an upwardly curving profile, and mirror-image sections are attached to one another via a fastener, that may include tape or other mechanical fastener. The sections are positioned end to end, with the number of sections determining the overall length of the structure. An optional end section of the structure may include wedge shaped sections positioned end to end, forming a curved end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: Noble Environmental Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Robert Noble
  • Publication number: 20140345207
    Abstract: A building may include a floor, a dome having a vent, and an internal ceiling that divides areas underneath the dome into first and second chambers. The internal ceiling may have an aperture that is structured to allow air to pass from the first chamber into the second chamber. The building may also include an air inlet configured to allow air to travel from outside the building into the first chamber and an air moving device that is configured to facilitate the movement of the air. The building may also include an air cooling element that is configured to cool the air as it travels from outside the building into the first chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventor: Perry Gliessman
  • Patent number: 8869464
    Abstract: Utilizing the three different hyperbolic paraboloids which each divide a set of correlating tetrahedrons in half, new, unique interconnectable structural members and toys have been created. They include the n-fold hyperbolic paraboloids, the n-fold hyperbolic paraboloid lattice assemblies and many other cellular, lattice and labyrinthal structures. Some have stacking properties and all have interlocking characteristics and are inherently strong and rigid due to the use of hyperbolic paraboloids. The interlocking and stacking characteristics of these structural members result from the saddle shaped compound curvature of the hyperbolic paraboloids. These structural members can be combined in multiple ways to build aesthetic and utilitarian components such as beams, trusses, packaging foams, toys, as well as other repeating cellular, lattice and labyrinthal structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Inventor: Dennis John Newland
  • Patent number: 8863443
    Abstract: This invention relates to a lightweight housing module comprising at least one stretched fabric intended to form the roof of said module and fixed along its lower edge on a rigid frame maintained at a distance from the ground by a plurality of lateral posts, remarkable in that it comprises vertical panels and/or opening frames in order to close in a substantially sealed manner its vertical facades and a false ceiling arranged in order to be arranged under said fabric inside said lightweight housing module and fixed to the frame. This invention also relates to a modular building remarkable in that it comprises a plurality of lightweight housing modules, according to the invention, arranged next to one another, and a system for sealing between the adjacent lightweight housing modules. This invention also relates to their method of assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Inventor: Catherine Dalo
  • Publication number: 20140224677
    Abstract: Disclosed is a nuclear power plant container structure, the structure comprising: a hollow structure having a plurality of cells, each having a hollow portion therein, which are partitioned by cell walls and air-ranged in a three-dimensional pattern so as to form an empty space for sealing and storing the radioactive waste therein; a cladding for surrounding the outside of the hollow structure; and a filler selectively filled into the hollow portions of the cells for suppressing nuclear reactions of the radioactive waste or blocking radioactivity radiated from the radioactive waste.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERATION FOUNDATION
    Inventor: Jang Hoon Kim
  • Publication number: 20140227032
    Abstract: A method for developing a piece of land that is in danger of disappearing due to its small size above a seawater level, including covering the piece of land with a sealing dome larger than the piece of land such that a space is created between the piece of land and the sealing dome and such that a lower edge of the sealing dome is in the sea, securing the sealing dome, while leaving a gap between the lower edge of the sealing dome and a sea bottom, reducing the air pressure inside the sealing dome such that the seawater level inside the sealing dome rises above at least a part of the piece of land to allow coral to naturally grow on the at least the part of the piece of land, and returning the air pressure inside the sealing dome to the same air pressure as outside so that the naturally grown coral on the part of the piece of land becomes calcified coral by being exposure to air, and the calcified coral remains as a developed portion of the piece of land.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: STATICE Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Akihiro HOSHINO
  • Patent number: 8789317
    Abstract: A method for forming a double-curved structure and double-curved structure formed using the same are provided. The method may include providing a flat mesh formed of a plurality of strands; interlinking the plurality of strands of the flat mesh using a plurality of cross-links; and adjusting the plurality of cross-links to form the double-curved structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Inventor: James L. Cheh
  • Publication number: 20140202091
    Abstract: An arch and a shelter structure made from at least one arch. The arch is made up of two ribs, each having a curved top portion beginning at said top end of the arch that follows a curve of an ellipse having a major axis equal in length to the span of the arch and a minor axis equal in length to the height of the arch. A curved side portion is joined to each rib by a fillet blend section. The curved top portions of the two ribs contact one another and are attached to one another to form an arch having a half-hexoid shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Inventor: Walton W. McCarthy
  • Patent number: 8752340
    Abstract: A dome structure constructed of interlocking pieces constructed of plastic with a hollow or insulated interior. The pieces interlock via their alternating male and female edges and are secured at their vertices with wishbone locking connectors. The pieces are generally in the shape of simple polygons and overhang at their edges to prevent water leakage. In constructing a dome, the floor is first constructed from interlocking floor pieces and a perimeter track is constructed from special interlocking track pieces that can be filled with water or sand. A first row of pieces that will form the wall interlock with the perimeter track, and the dome is constructed by interlocking additional pieces after the initial row is in place. The last piece to be secured in place is modified so that it can be placed in the space remaining at the top of the dome.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Inventor: Richard Lee Hartman
  • Patent number: 8739792
    Abstract: A hyperbaric exercise facility is provided allowing a persons to perform exercises and other activities at increased pressures along with controlled levels of oxygen. Additionally, a catastrophe shelter is provided to protect its occupants from peril.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Inventors: Merrell T. Holley, James L. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 8720153
    Abstract: A method for creating a tapered spiral welded conical structure where the overall shape of the cone is first graphically slit axially and unwrapped, and then a series of construction arcs and lines are created to form the edge lines of a strip that can then be wrapped (rolled) to form a tapered conical structure. The edges of the spirally wound strip can be welded together, and a very large conical structure can thus be achieved. Various construction options are presented from a constant width strip to strip made from straight segments. Equations are given for the formation of the strips to enable those skilled in the art of spiral welded tubing to practice the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Keystone Tower Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric Smith, Alexander Slocum
  • Publication number: 20140096455
    Abstract: This disclosure provides a method and means to build an ecological house with enormous monolithic foam blocks. The building structure is reinforced by liquid cement filled pipes or by glass fiber mesh. The building according to this disclosure may be 1-3 floor building. The building according to this disclosure is earth quake resistant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2013
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: M3 System, LLC,
    Inventor: Przemyslaw Rogula
  • Patent number: 8621790
    Abstract: A low-cost hurricane and earthquake resistant house structure includes a rounded shape external wall constructed of a plurality of circumferentially adjacent wall segments, each secured to an adjacent structural vertical stud secured to the ground via a shock absorber. Each wall segment includes a plurality of blocks located and secured on top of one another. A foundation groove receives at least a portion of a lowest block of each wall segment therein, and spaced from inside foundation walls. An aerodynamic roof is secured to the vertical studs, and a floor is mounted on shock absorbers on the ground and connected to the wall with a flexible material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Inventor: Gregory Lekhtman
  • Patent number: 8621789
    Abstract: A transportable apparatus for shelter comprising two sections, a base section and a top section. The base section and the top section have cavities that can be filled with water or are pre-filled with foam. The top section may be cone-shaped or dome-shaped, and is dimensioned to be placed on the base section. After the top section is placed on the base section, the top section can be secured to the base section via bolts. Finally, both the top section and bottom section are divided into sections such that if one section develops a leak the other sections remain unaffected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Inventor: Michael Francis Trochan
  • Patent number: 8616328
    Abstract: A tensegrity apparatus having multiple tensegrity units for the transmission of solitary waves with adjustable profiles into a material or structure, and the detection of such waves from a material or structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Chiara Daraio, Fernando Fraternali
  • Patent number: 8571838
    Abstract: A method, apparatus, and computer program product for modeling heat radiated by a structure. The flow of a fluid over a surface of a model of the structure is simulated. The surface has a plurality of surface elements. Heat radiated by the plurality of surface elements in response to the fluid flowing over the surface of the model of the structure is identified. An effect of heat radiated by at least a portion of the plurality of surface elements on each other is identified. A model of the heat radiated by the structure is created using the heat radiated by the plurality of surface elements and the effect of the heat radiated by at least a portion of the plurality of surface elements on each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: Peter L. McCloud
  • Patent number: 8555557
    Abstract: A passive indoor/outdoor stadium structure configured to reduce energy demands from the stadium structure includes a moveable roofing system and a micro-climate cooling system. The moveable roofing system covers an interior space of the stadium and has an open position and a closed position. The roofing system includes a fixed half-dome roof and a revolving half dome roof retractable beneath the fixed half dome roof, both the fixed half dome roof and the revolving half dome roof having an outer half dome clad with a plurality of solar hoods positioned in an overlapping arrangement. The micro-climate cooling system for cooling the indoor/outdoor stadium includes a full circulation mode for cooling a stadium volume when the roofing system is in the closed position, and a micro-climate mode for cooling a portion of the stadium volume when the roofing system is in the open position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Qatar Football Association
    Inventors: Lee Hosking, Michael Edward Beaven
  • Patent number: 8549797
    Abstract: The tornado shelter is constructed of a shell and supports forming an enclosure that is secured to a concrete slab. The tornado shelter is designed for indoor or outdoor use as a safety shelter during severe weather events including dangerous wind speeds. The shell of the tornado shelter is constructed of an inner shell layer and an outer shell layer that sandwich the supports therein. The shell includes a layer of extensive padding along an inner surface to protect occupants from injuries associated with impacting the inner layer. The shape of the shell includes a low-profile curvature that is aerodynamic in order to resist reaction to high wind speeds. A GPS locator alarm located inside of the enclosure is actuated in an emergency and provides location based date to emergency response personnel in order to locate the tornado shelter and occupants associated there with.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Inventor: Thomas J. Ricketts
  • Patent number: 8544217
    Abstract: A building panel and a building formed therefrom, where the building includes a plurality of building panels arranged to form a cylindrical shape, where each panel comprises a single, or monolithic, glass piece, where each glass piece is substantially rectangular and includes two opposing long sides extending in a height direction and two opposing short sides extending substantially in a width direction, and where each glass piece forms an identical circular arc when viewed from either of the two opposing short sides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: David Andreini, Karl Backus, Jon F. Cooksey, Tim Eliassen, Scott David Hazard, Holger Krueger, Peter Lenk, James O'Callaghan, Yutang Zhang
  • Patent number: 8528266
    Abstract: A domed roof structure may include a plurality of generally rectangular roof members each including an upper surface; a lower surface; a pair of first opposed side surfaces and a pair of second opposed side surfaces, each diverging from the upper surface to the lower surface; a first passage from one to the other of the pair of the first side surfaces; and a second passage from one to the other of the pair of the second side surfaces. A first cable may pass through the first passages in adjacent said roof members; and a second cable may pass through the second passages in adjacent said roof members. Applying tension to the cables may drive the end faces of adjacent said roof members towards each other thereby increasing the angle between adjacent said roof members so as to form a domed roof structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: The Square Company Pty Ltd.
    Inventor: Murray Ellen
  • Publication number: 20130180184
    Abstract: A method for forming a double-curved structure and double-curved structure formed using the same are provided. The method may include providing a flat mesh formed of a plurality of strands; interlinking the plurality of strands of the flat mesh using a plurality of cross-links; and adjusting the plurality of cross-links to form the double-curved structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Inventor: James L. CHEH
  • Patent number: 8464476
    Abstract: Various modular construction systems exist and these all have limitations of cost, adaptability and strength. Some were also complex and time consuming to assemble. The present invention overcomes these problems by providing a simple modular construction element (10), which can be assembled with one another to form a strong structure. The invention comprises sheet-like materials, has a V-shaped cross section and is adapted to receive a connector so that elements in use are connected, one to another. The element may be rhomboid shaped, hexagonal shaped or triangular shaped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Inventor: Matthew William Lewis Roberts
  • Publication number: 20130125478
    Abstract: A transportable apparatus for shelter comprising two sections, a base section and a top section. The base section and the top section have cavities that can be filled with water or are pre-filled with foam. The top section may be cone-shaped or dome-shaped, and is dimensioned to be placed on the base section. After the top section is placed on the base section, the top section can be secured to the base section via bolts. Finally, both the top section and bottom section are divided into sections such that if one section develops a leak the other sections remain unaffected.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Inventor: Michael Francis Trochan
  • Publication number: 20130111826
    Abstract: A hyperbaric exercise facility is provided allowing a persons to perform exercises and other activities at increased pressures along with controlled levels of oxygen. Additionally, a catastrophe shelter is provided to protect its occupants from peril.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2012
    Publication date: May 9, 2013
    Inventors: Merrell T. Holley, James L. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 8387315
    Abstract: A microclimate cooling system for an indoor/outdoor stadium includes a partially rotatable roof, the rotatable roof having a first position environmentally sealing an interior of the stadium. and a second position exposing a portion of the interior to the atmosphere, a field surrounded by the stadium, and a tiered seating positioned adjacent a first side of the field. The system further includes a raised concrete barrier adjacent a second side of the pitch opposing the first side of the field, a first wall adjacent a third side of the field, and a second wall adjacent a fourth side of the field, the first and second walls perpendicular to the tiered seating extending between at least a portion of the tiered seating and the raised concrete barrier. The system further includes a plurality of air handling units for supplying cooling air to the tiered seating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Qatar Football Association
    Inventors: Lee Hosking, Michael Edward Beaven
  • Patent number: 8371073
    Abstract: A building is provided with integrated natural systems that reduce dependency on external resources to operate and maintain the building. A source of electricity is provided through an extensive set of solar panels that may be incorporated on louvers mounted to the exterior of the building. The building has a double insulative layer to include an outer airtight membrane or cover, and an internal building structure that defines habitable space within the structure. Rainwater may be collected and stored within a subsurface well. The space between the internal structure and outer membrane may support the growth of vegetation in a greenhouse environment. A flow of temperature regulated air is provided through the structure by a set of underground pipes in which the air is circulated through a central core of the building, into the habitable space, and then outward into the greenhouse space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Michael Fuller Architects, PC
    Inventor: Michael B. Fuller
  • Patent number: 8336261
    Abstract: A moveable roofing system for covering an interior space includes a fixed half-dome roof fixed to and supported by a first support structure, a rotatable half-dome roof rotatable about and supported by a second support structure, the second support structure being concentric to the first support structure, and, wherein the rotatable half-dome roof is configured to rotate about the second support structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Qatar Football Association
    Inventors: Lee Hosking, Michael Edward Beaven
  • Patent number: 8307605
    Abstract: A new and useful Dome Kit, dome shaped structural system and method of assembling a dome shaped structural system is provided. The Dome Kit and method are used to form a dome shaped structural system comprising a compression ring, a lower ring that is larger than the compression ring and spaced below the compression ring, and a plurality of ribs connected with the compression ring. The lower ring, the compression ring, lower ring and connected ribs form a dome shaped structural system; i.e. a structural system with a dome shaped appearance. New and useful structure is provided for coupling the ribs to the compression ring and to the lower ring. Such structure is particularly useful when the ribs are formed of metal (e.g. steel).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Inventor: Gerald Joseph McCarty
  • Patent number: 8272175
    Abstract: The secure modular shelter apparatus can be used to shelter those at bus stops, on campuses, using ATM's, waiting for trains, making calls, smoking, and for a host of other uses. Importantly, the apparatus is self-contained and can be placed as chosen, by a forklift for example, and either connected to existing power as an alternative energy source or used as is while providing its own power. Security may be guaranteed by entry only allowed by card or other secure personal identification means known in the art. Radiant assisted heating and cooling are provided. Information readout is provided by a lighted panel that may also feature scrolling schedule lights. A panic button and receiver/transmitter are also provided so that emergency communication with professionals is possible when needed. Audio and auxiliary lighting are provided for those with sight and hearing hardships. Automatic interior climate controls provide for thermostatically controlled comfort.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Inventors: Darlene Williams-Prades, Michael A. Martin
  • Patent number: 8256623
    Abstract: A screen panel for use in a vibrating screen device. The screen panel has a plurality of in-flow slots and cross-flow slots arranged in a regular pattern to provide enhanced open area for a given slot size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Ludowici Australia Pty. Ltd.
    Inventors: Peter Martin Olsen, Bradley Alan Pryde
  • Publication number: 20120204496
    Abstract: Synclastic hollow core building panels are employed to form dome-like structures. The synclastic curve allows the panels to be lightweight, yet capable of carrying the weight of the structural loads. When combined, the panels create a sphere or a section of a sphere for enclosing space, with optional egress, skylight, and foundation portals incorporated into the structure without disturbing the spherical curvature of the interior or exterior surfaces. The spheres or sphere sections require no additional framing; the panels themselves are the frame. Workers with only the basic assembly skills can construct a sphere or sphere sections using these panels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2011
    Publication date: August 16, 2012
    Inventor: JOHN PATRICK MCSWEENEY
  • Publication number: 20120186167
    Abstract: Disclosed are various building facade surface configurations and related methods. An exemplary facade includes grooved cavities that are configured in a manner that reflects summer (cooling season) insolation and absorbs winter (heating season) insolation. The effective absorptivities of the exemplary facade for various cavity reflectance characteristics, i.e., a wide range of diffuse and specular reflectance characteristics, are evaluated using a Monte Carlo model. The calculations in an illustrated embodiment are performed for the latitude of 41° N where both heating and cooling loads are significant. Embodiments of facades and other structures are similarly within the scope of the disclosure for locations of different latitudes and longitudes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2012
    Publication date: July 26, 2012
    Inventor: Mohammad Naraghi
  • Patent number: 8220220
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and structure for reinforcing a corrugated steel plate structure. The present invention provides a method of reinforcing a corrugated steel plate structure using a liner provided on one surface of a corrugated steel plate, the reinforcing method using the liner comprising: an anchor bolt installing step of forming an anchor bolt insert hole in the surface of the corrugated steel plate and installing an anchor bolt in the anchor bolt insert hole such that the upper end of the anchor bolt protrudes from the surface of the corrugated steel plate to a predetermined height; a reinforcing bar installing step of fastening a reinforcing bar to the anchor bolt using a wire; a mold installing step of mounting a mold to the anchor bolt using a nut such that the reinforcing bar is covered with the mold; a concrete placing step of placing concrete inside the mold; and a mold removing step of removing the mold after the placed concrete has been cured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: Fixon E&C Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Hyeon-Kuk Kim, Byung-Gun Jung, Seung-Ho Kim
  • Publication number: 20120159872
    Abstract: The present invention provides a layer-by-layer double-hoop sunflower-shaped cable dome structure and its construction method. A cycle of jack posts of an elevation forms a layer that comprises several units with same geometric characters and of same quantity except of the top layer. The units are arranged with same space on each layer. The upper end and the lower end of the jack post of each unit are installed with an upper cable bar node and a lower cable bar node respectively. The upper cable bar node is connected with two upper stayed cables of the present layer at one side, two upper stayed cables of the layer above and two lower stayed cables of the layer above at another side and an upper hoop cable going through the middle of the upper cable bar node. The lower cable bar node of the present layer at the same side of the upper stayed cables is connected with two lower stayed cables of the present layer and a lower hoop cable going through the middle of the lower cable bar node.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Inventors: Xin Zhuo, Miaofu Wang, Shilin Dong
  • Patent number: 8191318
    Abstract: A prefabricated resin house includes a peripheral wall 10 achieved by assembling a plurality of peripheral wall structural members 11-19 constituted of resin and a roof 30 that is formed by assembling a plurality of roof structural members 31-39 constituted of resin and is placed on top of the peripheral wall 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Yugenkaisha Japan Tsusyo
    Inventor: Katsuyuki Kitagawa
  • Patent number: 8171676
    Abstract: A nuclear power plant building includes a building body portion and a roof covering over the building body portion. The building body portion is formed in a rectangular shape in plane cross section by four outer walls. The roof is of a shell construction. In addition, corner walls each to bridge between the adjacent outer walls or to bridge between the roof and the outer wall are provided at angle portions of the body portion of the building.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Soichi Yoshida, Munetaka Takahashi, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Eiichi Tanaka, Kishio Sano, Yoshinori Mihara
  • Publication number: 20120096777
    Abstract: The present invention relates to support structures including truss assemblies and purlins, the truss assemblies including struts, wherein utilities such as pipes and cables can be contained within the purlins, and can pass through openings in the struts, to thereby be retained by the support structures so as to be hidden from view.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2011
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Karl BACKUS, George Bradley, Tim Eliassen, Timothy W. Gudgel, Scott David Hazard, Holger Krueger, Marcin Marchewka, Michael Mulhern, Patrick O'Brien, James O'Callaghan, Yutang Zhang
  • Publication number: 20120090251
    Abstract: A building panel and a building formed therefrom, where the building includes a plurality of building panels arranged to form a cylindrical shape, where each panel comprises a single, or monolithic, glass piece, where each glass piece is substantially rectangular and includes two opposing long sides extending in a height direction and two opposing short sides extending substantially in a width direction, and where each glass piece forms an identical circular arc when viewed from either of the two opposing short sides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2011
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: David ANDREINI, Karl Backus, Jon F. Cooksey, Tim Eliassen, Scott David Hazard, Holger Krueger, Peter Lenk, James O'Callaghan, Yutang Zhang
  • Publication number: 20120073490
    Abstract: A dome assembly comprises an upper hemispherical window having a first end surface with an upper ring assembly sealingly connected to the upper hemispherical window at or near the first end surface and a lower hemispherical window having a second end surface with a lower ring assembly sealingly connected to the lower hemispherical window at or near the second end surface. The dome assembly further comprises a spider retainer assembly comprising a spider ring assembly and one or more saddle arms having a first end and a second end with each saddle arm fixedly attached to the spider ring assembly at a first end and fixedly attached to one or more of the upper ring assembly and the lower ring assembly at a second end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Applicant: SEAmagine Hydrospace Corporation
    Inventors: William Kohnen, Ian Sheard
  • Patent number: 8136307
    Abstract: Roof construction having a roof skin mounted on a base construction and including a bottom skin and a top skin mounted above and spaced apart from the bottom skin, the roof skin having a two-dimensionally curved surface, the bottom skin being supported on the base construction via a grid that is formed by plane plates oriented normal to the plane of the grid and crossing one another, top edges of the plates being curved to define the curvature of the roof skin, the surface of the roof skin being divided into segments at least some of which are spanned by an associated set of straight lines, and the top skin is held at a constant spacing from the bottom skin by spacer profiles extending along the straight lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Inventor: Eckard Hofmeister
  • Patent number: 8117790
    Abstract: An overmolded building product having a frame and a thin shell base. The frame has a periphery and a first aperture. The frame further has an overmolding adapted to receive a pane, which has an interior side and exterior side in contact with the overmolding. The pane covers the first aperture and transmits light. The thin shell base has an exterior side opposed to a portion of an interior side forming a first cavity. The first cavity selectably receiving a filler. The thin shell has a first distal end of the exterior side which may be selectably positionable adjacent to and securable to a roof member. The roof member defines a second aperture leading to a room in a building. The interior side of the thin shell defines a second cavity adjacent to the pane. The frame is securable to the thin shell base. The frame and thin shell base are molded using a process selected from thermoforming, rotomolding, compression molding, or injection molding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: VTech Patents LLC
    Inventors: John E. Nemazi, G. Daniel Templeton
  • Publication number: 20110203195
    Abstract: The present application includes disclosure of various embodiments of composite construction beams and beam systems. In at least one exemplary embodiment of a composite construction beam of the present disclosure, the beam comprises an elongated shell having a length, a first relative end, and an interior volume, wherein the elongated shell defines a first aperture. An exemplary construction beam further comprises a first conduit within the interior volume of the elongated shell, the first conduit extending along a longitudinal direction of the beam and curving upward from the first relative end, and a second conduit within the interior volume of the elongated shell, the second conduit extending along at least a portion of the length of the elongated shell, wherein the first conduit and the second conduit are in communication with one another. In at least one embodiment, a construction beam of the present disclosure comprises a first flange positioned upon the elongated shell relative to the first aperture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2011
    Publication date: August 25, 2011
    Inventors: John R. Hillman, Michael A. Zicko
  • Patent number: 8001732
    Abstract: The instant invention is a method for achieving a-planar framing configurations which enable the construction of hyperbolic paraboloid surfaces, a multiplicity of which join to create roof structures and enclosures. In particular, the shaping and erecting of connected a-planar quadrilateral frames to create under-framing which can be completed by a simple in-framing, and covered with sheeting material resulting in a new method of constructing enclosures with hyperbolic paraboloid faces without the use of highly trained crews, or the need for elaborate pre-forms or specialized connecting or covering elements. The additional methods of assembly and erection of a hypershelter described herein make possible even greater strength-to-weight ratios and more efficient construction procedures than was possible at the time of the original application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Inventor: Michael Regan
  • Patent number: 7992348
    Abstract: A high-frequency measuring enclosure for measuring large test objects is formed by an air-supported membrane or textile construction of a spherical or ellipsoidal contour, which is substantially pervious to electromagnetic radiation. For absorption of residual electromagnetic radiation that may be reflected by the interior of the surface, the floor is covered with absorber material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2011
    Assignee: Astrium GmbH
    Inventors: Torsten Fritzel, Hans-Juergen Steiner