Inclined Top Cover (e.g., Roof, A-frame) Patents (Class 52/90.1)
  • Patent number: 10103683
    Abstract: A roof mounting system for the attachment of an article to a roof, the system comprising a plurality of PV modules each having at least one corner and a frame member, a flashing member having a top surface; an upstanding sleeve attached to the top surface of the flashing member; an elevated water seal having a borehole formed therethrough, the elevated water seal further comprising at least one screw for providing a waterproof seal between the article and the roof structure; and whereby the plurality of PV modules are interlocked in a way to provide a corner-to-corner coupling arrangement supported above the roof through the frame members of the plurality of PV modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Inventors: Claudia Wentworth, Stuart Wentworth
  • Patent number: 9136792
    Abstract: A mount system for a photovoltaic (PV) panel array allows for ease of installation, flexibility of movement, and the ability to remove and redeploy the system as needed. The mounting system includes a plurality of standoff mounts which are secured to a substrate in a grid system, elongated mounting rails which are secured onto the standoff mounts in parallel, and attachment rails secured to opposing side edges of the PV panels. The attachment rails and mounting rails include interfitting mating formations which interlock to suspend the PV panels between the mounting rails and above the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: rTerra Holdings, LLC
    Inventor: Joseph Tomlinson
  • Patent number: 9057545
    Abstract: A system for mounting at least one solar panel on a roof may include a plurality of panel mounting brackets each including a base to be positioned on the roof having a first opening(s) therein, and a vertical extension having a proximal end coupled to the base, a distal end, and a central portion extending between the proximal and distal ends. The distal end may define a fastener channel having a fastener slot opening vertically aligned with the first opening(s) in the base. The central portion may include a cross member(s) defining a second opening(s) therein vertically aligned with the fastener slot opening and the first opening(s) in the base. The system may further include a bracket fastener(s) to be inserted through the fastener slot opening, the second opening(s), and the first opening(s) of a respective panel mounting bracket and coupled to the roof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Inventor: Kevin Stapleton
  • Patent number: 8997408
    Abstract: Aspects of the invention relate to a roof comprising at least an inclined surface and a rim marking a transition to another surface extending horizontally or at a different inclination, the inclined surface and the rim being covered by roof elements. The roof further comprising at least one anchor for attaching an anchor rope to. The anchor is secured to the roof beneath the roof element or elements covering the rim and the roof elements covering the rim are spaced apart from the roof elements covering the inclined surface so as to allow access to the anchor from outside the roof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Flesst B.V.
    Inventor: Hans Antonius Borra
  • Publication number: 20150013241
    Abstract: A roof load support structure supports a load on a sloping metal panel roof such that substantially all of the load is conveyed through rails, which are mounted on roof panel ribs, thence through the roof panel ribs, and to underlying building support structure. Minor portions of the load can be conveyed through an upper diverter and a lower closure. The upper diverter diverts water laterally away from the support structure, in two opposing directions to two opposing sides of the support structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Timothy Pendley, Michael J. McLain
  • Patent number: 8898962
    Abstract: The invention relates to a roof structure which can be formed from a reduced number of components with respect to a conventional structure. The structure is typically pitched or sloped and comprises a series of spaced apart trusses which are spanned by roof panels which form the external face of the roof. The panels are interlinked or engaged and may in one embodiment be provided with an inner face of insulating material. In one embodiment the panels and/or other components, such as the trusses, may be formed from plastics material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Inventors: Martin Ingham, Christopher Richardson
  • Publication number: 20140318037
    Abstract: The invention relates to a modular building (2), to be assembled in various sizes and in various environments, having a generally triangular transverse sectional profile, wherein the modular building comprises a double sloping roof (6) over the generally triangular transverse sectional profile, and wherein the one or more double sloping roof panels comprise composite panel material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Albertelli Aldino, Michael Frieh, Marco Albini, Roberto Zedda
  • Patent number: 8844887
    Abstract: A two-part roof hook is described, which has a base part (1) and a hook part (2) which can be connected to the base part (1) and which has a connecting element (6) on its end (4) for mounting an assembly. The base part (1) is a cut-off portion (X) of an angle section, one angle leg (8) of which is provided with connecting elements (7) for making a connection to the roof substructure. A section wall (10) extending in the longitudinal direction of the section is arranged within the angle between the two angle legs (8, 9), which section wall includes an obtuse angle (?) jointly with the angle leg area of the connecting elements (7), serves as a support surface for the end (3) of the hook part (2), and can be connected to the end (3) of the hook part (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: HatiCon GmbH
    Inventor: Gido Genschorek
  • Publication number: 20140144089
    Abstract: Aspects of the invention relate to a roof comprising at least an inclined surface and a rim marking a transition to another surface extending horizontally or at a different inclination, the inclined surface and the rim being covered by roof elements. The roof further comprising at least one anchor for attaching an anchor rope to. The anchor is secured to the roof beneath the roof element or elements covering the rim and the roof elements covering the rim are spaced apart from the roof elements covering the inclined surface so as to allow access to the anchor from outside the roof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2011
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: Roofsecurity-int GmbH
    Inventor: Hans Antonius Borra
  • Patent number: 8695301
    Abstract: A roofing support system includes a spacer bracket having a lower edge adapted to pierce through a layer of insulation to abut in direct contact with a purlin, a fastener that fastens the spacer bracket to the purlin, and an upper portion adapted to support a beam above the insulation layer and in spaced relationship to the purlin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Vilno Group Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Michael Lutkajtis, Rikard Henrik Lutkajtis
  • Patent number: 8671642
    Abstract: A tapered truss is provided. In one embodiment, the truss has a pair of base members configured to be attached to a top surface of a vertical support member. The truss may further have an upper pair of truss members and a lower pair of truss members. Each upper truss member each forms an acute angle with a respective base member and each lower truss member forms an obtuse angle from the respective base member such that the lower truss member is not parallel to the upper truss member. The truss may additionally include a ceiling joist member connected to each of the lower truss members. In one embodiment, the ceiling joist member is substantially parallel to the pair of base members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Inventors: Wayne Green, Walter Green, Clarence Green, David Derwacter, Chester Prinkey, Darren Skeese, Daniel West
  • Patent number: 8656649
    Abstract: A roof framing structure (20) is disclosed, and includes a plurality of primary supports (30) (e.g., rafters) that may be disposed in parallel relation and extend along the roof pitch (14). One or more secondary supports (40) extend between each adjacent pair of primary supports (30). Each secondary support (40) is of a triangular cross-sectional configuration, and may extend orthogonally to the various primary supports (30).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Inventor: Robert M. M. Haddock
  • Publication number: 20140020308
    Abstract: A roof truss compatible for solar energy panels, and a method for installing the roof trusses, incorporates a non-structural top chord that may have a removable portion removed and replaced by a solar assembly. The truss is structurally designed to support the solar assembly without the presence of the non-structural top chord. A desired length of the non-structural top chord may be omitted or removed during manufacture of the truss, or may be removed at a future time for installation of solar panel assemblies. A solar assembly for inserting into the solar roof truss may include a panel enclosure which has a channel for holding a solar panel, where the panel is installed approximately flush with the roof line. The panel enclosure may have an air space underneath the solar panel, to allow for cooling air flow and water drainage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2013
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicant: ECO SOLAR GENERATION, LLC
    Inventor: Robert E. Heisler
  • Patent number: 8590256
    Abstract: The present invention provides a joining structure of a roof truss using thin light-gauge shaped steel. In a joining structure for joining a subsidiary roof with a main roof, a valley bracket formed by bending a thin steel sheet is inserted and disposed in the longitudinal valley direction of a joining member for joining a rafter forming the subsidiary roof with a truss or a rafter forming the main roof. In a joining structure in which a roof truss upper chord member or a rafter intersects a wall on the upper surface of the wall, a bracket formed by bending a thin steel sheet is disposed at the intersection of these members and fixes the roof truss upper chord member or the rafter to the wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshimichi Kawai, Jun Shimizu
  • Publication number: 20130276385
    Abstract: A plurality of thermally insulating panels is adapted to abate the transmission of heat through conduction. A plurality of reflective sheets is coupled to the thermally insulating panels. The sheets are adapted to abate the transmission of heat through radiation. An air space is provided in proximity to the insulating panels with means to create a flow of air through the space. In this manner the flow of air through the air space is adapted to abate the transmission of heat through convection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventor: ARTHUR PAUL WHITE
  • Publication number: 20130152487
    Abstract: A roof framing structure (20) is disclosed, and includes a plurality of primary supports (30) (e.g., rafters) that may be disposed in parallel relation and extend along the roof pitch (14). One or more secondary supports (40) extend between each adjacent pair of primary supports (30). Each secondary support (40) is of a triangular cross-sectional configuration, and may extend orthogonally to the various primary supports (30).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Inventor: Robert M.M. Haddock
  • Patent number: 8438799
    Abstract: This invention provides support structures on roofs. Such support structure can be used to support a roof load, or a closure structure which closes an aperture in the roof, thus to provide access to the interior of a building through an aperture in the roof. The support structure can support a skylight to provide natural day-lighting, or a smoke vent, or a variety of other loads optionally relating to matter or energy communication between the inside and outside of the building. The support structure includes rails adapted to be supported by adjacent rib elevations on opposite sides of a flat of a roof panel, elevated above the water line of the panel flat. Where the support structure surrounds an aperture, a diverter seals a cut away portion of the rib structure and diverts water through the rib structure and laterally away from the rail and closure structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: T&M Inventions, LLC
    Inventors: Michael J. McLain, Timothy Pendley
  • Patent number: 8371072
    Abstract: A molded hip, ridge or rake shingle is provided that is shaped to fit over angled intersecting planar surface of a roof hip, ridge or rake, by making a shingle precursor and draping it in heated condition over a rack having surfaces that have an included angle therebetween to cool and take form, such that portions of the shingle precursor conform to the surfaces of the rack, at a desired predetermined included angle between the shingle precursor portions, to form a hip, ridge or rake shingle with shingle portions having the desired included angle between the shingle portions. The shingle is formed according to the process, and on an apparatus, to produce the shingles that can be applied to a roof, in an array of shingles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: CertainTeed Corporation
    Inventors: Larry Wayne Shanes, Thomas Kevin MacKinnon
  • Patent number: 8365500
    Abstract: An optimized building integrated hybrid roofing system is disclosed. The system comprises a plurality of metal battens having a longitudinal channel mounted horizontally onto a plurality of wooden battens, a plurality of solar electric roof tiles mounted on the metal battens and connected in series to form a string, a thermal tubing/heat pipe mounted along the longitudinal channel, at least one manifold containing liquid connected with the thermal tubing/heat pipe, an inverter connected to each string, heat exchangers connected to the thermal tubing/heat pipe, and a pump connected between the thermal tubing/heat pipe and the heat exchangers. The solar electric roof tiles generate DC from solar energy and the inverter converts the DC to AC to feed to a utility grid. The metal battens collect solar energy and converts into thermal energy resulting in producing hot water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Inventor: Frank Pao
  • Patent number: 8312678
    Abstract: A roof framing structure (20) is disclosed, and includes a plurality of primary supports (30) (e.g., rafters) that may be disposed in parallel relation and extend along the roof pitch (14). One or more secondary supports (40) extend between each adjacent pair of primary supports (30). Each secondary support (40) is of a triangular cross-sectional configuration, and may extend orthogonally to the various primary supports (30).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Inventor: Robert M. M. Haddock
  • Patent number: 8201375
    Abstract: This invention relates to a building cladding for inclined surfaces such as for a sloped roof. More specifically, this invention relates to a building cladding that is passively responsive to sun elevation angles, is multi-functional, and is substantially uniformly ornamental when viewed from common viewing positions. The cladding is predominantly comprised of pairs of substantially horizontal and vertical surfaces extended horizontally and repeated vertically or along the incline of the building substrate. Substantially horizontal surfaces may be adapted for absorbing solar energy, reflecting solar energy, generating electricity from solar energy, converting solar energy into another form of energy, and or ornamentally matching substantially vertical surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Inventor: Matthew Murray Botke
  • Patent number: 8201382
    Abstract: A building integrated thermal electric hybrid roofing system is disclosed. The system comprises a plurality of metal battens having a longitudinal channel mounted horizontally onto a plurality of wooden battens, a thermal tubing containing liquid mounted on the longitudinal channels, a plurality of solar electric roof tiles mounted on the plurality of metal battens and connected in series to form a string, an inverter connected to each of the strings, a heat exchanger connected to the thermal tubing, and a pump connected between the thermal tubing and the heat exchanger. The plurality of solar electric roof tiles generates DC electricity from solar energy and the inverter converts the DC electricity to AC electricity to feed to a utility grid. The plurality of metal battens collects the solar energy and converts into thermal energy through running the liquid which is extracted to the heat exchanger resulting in producing domestic hot water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Inventor: Frank Pao
  • Patent number: 8196369
    Abstract: A building integrated thermal electric hybrid roofing system is disclosed. The system comprises a plurality of metal battens having a longitudinal channel mounted horizontally onto a plurality of wooden battens, a thermal tubing containing liquid mounted on the longitudinal channels, a plurality of solar electric roof tiles mounted on the plurality of metal battens and connected in series to form a string, an inverter connected to each of the strings, a heat exchanger connected to the thermal tubing, and a pump connected between the thermal tubing and the heat exchanger. The plurality of solar electric roof tiles generates DC electricity from solar energy and the inverter converts the DC electricity to AC electricity to feed to a utility grid. The plurality of metal battens collects the solar energy and converts into thermal energy through running the liquid which is extracted to the heat exchanger resulting in producing domestic hot water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Inventors: Frank Pao, Richard Gottlieb
  • Publication number: 20120079775
    Abstract: Disclosed is a retrofit arrangement for securing a new roof structure above an already existing roof structure. The system uses thermal blocks placed crosswise between the ribs on the existing roof structure. Above a series of these thermal blocks, a longitudinal support strip is provided onto which a plurality of clips can be fastened. The blocks provide thermal resistance, and enable a reduction in number of fasteners required for assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Publication date: April 5, 2012
    Inventors: Merritt P. Chamberlin, Randall L. Ahland, Mark Tender
  • Publication number: 20120079776
    Abstract: A method of constructing a building including erecting a plurality of truss elements to form a framework including one or more walls, a roof structure and a floor structure. Each truss element includes at least two joists and a plurality of braces that maintain the joists in a parallel arrangement, the truss elements being arranged in the framework to provide an inner joist and an outer joist. An inner covering layer and an outer covering layer are attached to the framework, thereby forming an enclosed void between said the inner and outer covering layers that extends substantially continuously around the framework. An insulating material is injected into the void to form a substantially continuous insulating layer between the inner and outer layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2010
    Publication date: April 5, 2012
    Applicant: The Beattle Passive Build System Ltd.
    Inventor: Ronald Peter Beattie
  • Patent number: 8141318
    Abstract: The metal truss assembly disclosed herein is made from generally U-shaped metal chords and multiple generally S-shaped web members extending between the chords. A typical truss assembly has a pair of elongated, opposed, diverging metal upper chords and a lower chord, with the chords each forming generally U-shaped channels defining an interior chord space. A plurality of elongated metal web members extend between the upper and lower chords, with each of the web members extending into the interior space of an upper chord and the lower chord and attached to the chords. The web members, as taught herein, have a generally S-shaped cross-section. The shape of the web members is an advancement of prior art web members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works, Inc.
    Inventors: David C. Dunbar, William L. Babich, Greg Kelling
  • Patent number: 8136307
    Abstract: Roof construction having a roof skin mounted on a base construction and including a bottom skin and a top skin mounted above and spaced apart from the bottom skin, the roof skin having a two-dimensionally curved surface, the bottom skin being supported on the base construction via a grid that is formed by plane plates oriented normal to the plane of the grid and crossing one another, top edges of the plates being curved to define the curvature of the roof skin, the surface of the roof skin being divided into segments at least some of which are spanned by an associated set of straight lines, and the top skin is held at a constant spacing from the bottom skin by spacer profiles extending along the straight lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Inventor: Eckard Hofmeister
  • Patent number: 8104231
    Abstract: An improved roof ridge apparatus and method for its use includes a longitudinally extending rigid member that has a plurality of keyways located along its top and bottom wall surfaces and extending along the length of the rigid member. The rigid member is placed into a continuous paddy of foam adhesive laid along a roof underlayment and the keyways receive and engage with the expanding adhesive for bonding the rigid member directly to the roof without the need for mechanical fastening. The keyways protrude from the top and bottom wall surfaces. The protrusions provide spacing between the bottom wall surface and the roof and between the top wall surface and a roof tile so that an adequate amount of foam adhesive resides between these wall surfaces and those structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Inventor: Timothy Michael Graboski
  • Publication number: 20120017521
    Abstract: This invention relates to inclined outer building surfaces such as roofs reflectively responsive to sun elevation angle and predominantly ornamental when viewed from common viewing positions. More specifically, this invention relates to methods of sizing, shaping, surface characteristics, and coating resulting in improved performance, increased ornamental quality, improved economy of roofing of this class using human eye contrast sensitivity and visual perception.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2011
    Publication date: January 26, 2012
    Inventor: Matthew Murray Botke
  • Patent number: 8091291
    Abstract: There is provided a structure which can reduce the lifting workload and the building workload at a high place. A structure 1 of the invention includes a rectangular frame 11 arranged horizontally, a rectangular main beam 12 arranged vertically on the frame 11, and a principal rafter 13 supporting the main beam 12 and can be built on the ground. The structure 1 is used as a greenhouse roof frame. The lifting workload and the building workload for building a greenhouse roof frame, a framework of the entire greenhouse and a greenhouse, can be greatly reduced as compared with those of the prior art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Inventor: Takehisa Ode
  • Patent number: 8065841
    Abstract: Roof panels and roof panel assemblies, comprising roof panels and ridge beams, assemblies are disclosed for use in building construction. The roof panels and ridge beams comprise components formed of composite materials, and certain aspects of the invention include designs that provide for the absorption of solar heat and the promotion of hot air flow within the roof to heat the interior building or generate electricity, among other attributes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2011
    Inventor: James P. Antonic
  • Publication number: 20110258943
    Abstract: A roof for a modular building comprises a ridge beam extending along a ridge beam axis. The ridge beam includes, when viewed in cross section, a load bearing central section, and first and second roof panel connectors on opposed first and second sides of the central section. The roof further comprises at least a first and a second roof panel extending transversely to the ridge beam axis and downwardly and outwardly from the ridge beam. Each roof panel comprises an inner end portion and an outer end portion. The inner end portion of the first roof panel is engaged by the first roof panel connector, and the inner end portion of the second roof panel is engaged by the second roof panel connector. The roof further comprises a first tie for the outer end portion of the first roof panel, and a second tie for the outer end portion of the second roof panel. Each tie extends parallel to the ridge beam axis and comprises a top portion and a bottom portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 21, 2011
    Publication date: October 27, 2011
    Inventors: Vic De Zen, Tony Curatolo, Rolf J. Ohrstrom
  • Patent number: 8015769
    Abstract: A connector for securing a roofing band to a roofing beam by a threaded fastener may include a circumferential flange portion, first and second recess extending within the circumferential flange portion sized to accept a roofing band, and a central portion extending within the circumferential flange portion between the first recess and the second recess, a middle area of the central portion being offset laterally from the circumferential flange portion by a distance enough to permit the roofing band to be slid through the first and second recesses so that the circumferential flange portion is located on a first side of the roofing band and the middle area of the central portion is located on a second side of the roofing band opposite the first side. A single fastener opening defined through the central portion, the fastener opening sized for receiving a threaded fastener therethrough for fastening the roofing band to a roofing beam. Related roofing assemblies and methods of construction are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Guardian Building Products, Inc.
    Inventors: William H. Crostic, Jr., Lawrence Zupon
  • Patent number: 8015758
    Abstract: Disclosed is a noise insulation device for aircraft, comprising a first opening that is delimited by a series of conducting surfaces whose inner edge is oriented towards the interior of the noise insulation device from a horizontal cross-sectional perspective and whose outer surface is directed towards the side, a roof, and a second opening which is located opposite the first opening and is delimited by walls. The inventive noise insulation device is characterized in that the size of the second opening can be modified by making changes to the walls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Gesellschaft fur Larmschutz mbH
    Inventor: Thomas J. Meyer-Bretschneider
  • Publication number: 20110214357
    Abstract: A roof has an outer surface with a first color under a first environmental condition and a second color under a second environmental condition. The outer surface is capable of both changing from the first color to the second color and from the second color to the first color.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2010
    Publication date: September 8, 2011
    Inventor: Sabin Ewing
  • Patent number: 8006461
    Abstract: A metal roof truss assembly is provided comprising a plurality of elongated structural members, including a top chord, a bottom chord, and a web member. Each structural member comprises a planar base and planar legs extending from the longitudinal edges of the base. The base and the legs define an open longitudinal channel. A flange integral with the longitudinal edges of each leg has a planar first portion extending outwardly from the legs and a planar second portion extending from the longitudinal edges of the first portion of the flanges. The end of a first structural member is inserted into the channel defined by the legs and the base of a second structural member. The inserted end of the first structural member has no flanges for a length equal to at least the depth to which the first structural member is received in the channel of the second structural member so that the outer surface of the legs of the first structural member are adjacent the inner surface of the legs of the second structural member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: Nucon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Donald R. Moody, Courtney J. Hanson, Thomas Corbet Ellis
  • Patent number: 8001732
    Abstract: The instant invention is a method for achieving a-planar framing configurations which enable the construction of hyperbolic paraboloid surfaces, a multiplicity of which join to create roof structures and enclosures. In particular, the shaping and erecting of connected a-planar quadrilateral frames to create under-framing which can be completed by a simple in-framing, and covered with sheeting material resulting in a new method of constructing enclosures with hyperbolic paraboloid faces without the use of highly trained crews, or the need for elaborate pre-forms or specialized connecting or covering elements. The additional methods of assembly and erection of a hypershelter described herein make possible even greater strength-to-weight ratios and more efficient construction procedures than was possible at the time of the original application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Inventor: Michael Regan
  • Patent number: 7980031
    Abstract: A building includes a tile roof including a plurality of courses of tiles and a roof-cover above which the tiles are positioned, a ceiling below the roof, and a skylight apparatus. Each tile engages adjacent tiles according to a repeating engagement structure. The skylight apparatus includes a main body in place of one or more of the tiles of the tile roof and engages adjacent tiles substantially according to the repeating engagement structure, at least one window, a tubular body below the main body and extending through an aperture in the roof-cover, a light conduit extending downward from below the tubular body and defining an inner passage, and a bottom translucent member at an opening in the ceiling and below a bottom end of the light conduit. Light is able to shine through the window, the inner passage, and the bottom translucent member into a room below the ceiling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Inventor: Harry T. O'Hagin
  • Patent number: 7975437
    Abstract: A playground roof system having the capability of being attached to different diameter support members is provided. The frame of the roof structure is roto-molded such that two different sized openings are provided at each corner of the frame, each opening in the same area, such that the roof is interchangeable in different playground systems. The roof system further includes openings formed in the frame such that a fastener can be threaded therein fastening the frame and support members together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: Playcore Wisconsin, Inc.
    Inventor: Daniel V. Byrd
  • Patent number: 7937898
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a building complex (100) of the type containing eight construction elements (2) for residential use, situated at a suitable relative distance so as not to create visible interference with each other. Each construction element (2) for living purposes has a square plan base (3), at least an internal patio element (4), and at least one entrance facade (5). Each construction element (2) for residential use comprises a series of carrying building structures (6) situated along the perimeter of each construction element (2) for residential use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Neolis S.r.l.
    Inventor: Paola Barbara Quaranta
  • Patent number: 7927695
    Abstract: Roofing composites and methods of producing the roofing composites are disclosed. The roofing composites are multi-layer structures in which two layers of the composite structures are bonded to each other by a thermoplastic elastomer composition. The layers are bonded to each other by heat fusing the elastomer composition in one embodiment. The composite structures have a variety of uses, including uses in construction materials such a roofing membranes, interior and exterior siding, and wall coverings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: Ralph E. Raulie
  • Patent number: 7921610
    Abstract: An A-frame assembly for constructing a building comprises only five major components that are formed from square, galvanized steel hollow tubing. These components include corner braces, side braces, a top brace, beams, and straight tubing. The straight tubing interconnects the other components to form a triangular frame assembly. The corner braces are secured with concrete footings or a complete foundation. A number of the frame assemblies are arrayed to form the basis of a structure. The frame assemblies are spaced apart from each other, joined with additional square tubing, and include an attic space and service spaces between the corner braces. A roofing structure is secured to the joined frame assemblies to complete the structural phase of the assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Inventor: Garry Boatwright
  • Patent number: 7913460
    Abstract: An observation shelter includes a plurality of generally upright walls including a first wall having a first window opening positioned therein and a second wall having a second wall positioned therein. First and second shutters are movable between respective raised and closed positions. The first and second shutters have respective shapes configured such that the shutters when in their respective raised positions meet at a joint extending from said corner to provide substantially continuous shelter from the sun for the first window opening and second window opening, and wherein with the first and second shutters in their respective closed positions, an extension portion of the first shutter is received in a pocket portion of the second shutter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Industrial Design Research, Inc.
    Inventor: David J. Stollery
  • Patent number: 7905062
    Abstract: A roofing assembly includes an uppermost stainless steel cover. The cover has an upper surface and a lower surface. The roofing assembly has a reinforced foam base, rafters and a ridge board. The ridge board supports the cover and the base. Cement board panels have upper surfaces adhered to the foam base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Inventor: Stephen Llewellyn Simons
  • Publication number: 20110056148
    Abstract: A building panel of the roofing or siding type is disclosed, as well as a building structure having such roofing or siding panels, in which the panels are comprised of two different types of building materials. The composite panel includes at least one layer of synthetic polymeric building material, having adhesively secured thereto at least one layer of asphalt based building material, with outer, upper surfaces of the panel, that would be weather-exposed in the installed condition on a building structure being comprised of the asphalt based building material, and with the synthetic polymeric layer(s) of polymeric building material being weather-protected in the installed condition on a building structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2009
    Publication date: March 10, 2011
    Applicant: CERTAINTEED CORPORATION
    Inventors: Robert L. Jenkins, Stephen A. Koch, Husnu M. Kalkanoglu
  • Patent number: 7877936
    Abstract: The present invention provides a system which includes injection molded roof panels, header assemblies and ridge caps having integrated connectors which combine to form a family of variously sized roof assemblies for utility enclosures. The injection molding facilitates integrally formed connectors so that the roof panels, header assemblies and ridge caps interlock with one another without the need for separate connectors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Suncast Corporation
    Inventors: Michael Uffner, Jed Richardson
  • Publication number: 20110005144
    Abstract: A process for providing emergency housing for a plurality of displaced people at a geographic location, said process including the steps of estimating the number of displaced people; determining a suitable combination of facilities to accommodate the displaced people; and transporting said facilities to said geographical location, wherein said suitable combination varies in accordance with the number of displaced people.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2009
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Applicant: Design and Value Management Services Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Neil Clyde McDougall
  • Publication number: 20100327245
    Abstract: Some embodiments disclose a corral configured to hold one or more shopping carts and display one or more advertisements. The corral can include: (a) an enclosure having an opening configured to receive the one or more shopping carts, the enclosure having a first side; and (b) at least one first panel located at the first side and configured to display at least a first advertisement of the one or more advertisements. The advertising panels can be configured to be coupled adjacent the opening of the corral to facilitate better visibility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2009
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Inventor: Joseph Allen
  • Patent number: 7836641
    Abstract: An eaves beam for a glazed roof system includes a base member and an upper member. The base member includes a base plate adapted to rest on a building wall and includes upstanding wall members. The base member can be fastened from the top into the wall with the fastener extended between the two upstanding wall members. In turn, the upper portion of the eaves beam includes downwardly extended legs which are adapted to fit over the base member and are fastened to the base member by screws extended laterally through the legs into the base member. This facilitates installation of the eaves beam and allows the roof to be pre-assembled, taken to the work site and installed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: Park Lane Conservatories Ltd.
    Inventors: Mark A. Back, J. Michael Riley, John E. Welsh
  • Patent number: 7833916
    Abstract: The present invention provides several methods and materials for use in building construction that may require air and water barrier, and water vapor permeability along with thermal or acoustic insulation. Several embodiments provide materials for a variety of building construction needs that can help build next generation green buildings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2010
    Assignee: Aspen Aerogels, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel Leeser, Christopher Blair, Daniel Bullock, Sara Rosenberg, Poongunran Muthukumaran