Adding Expanding Agent Subsequent To Solid Polymer Formation Patents (Class 521/60)
  • Patent number: 10829608
    Abstract: This disclosure provides an article having a density of from 0.03 to 0.45 g/cc and including a plurality of anisotropic tubular particles that are randomly oriented in the article. The tubular particles include a thermoplastic elastomer foam and a polymer disposed on an exterior surface of the thermoplastic elastomer foam as an outermost layer of the particles. Each of the thermoplastic elastomer foam and the polymer independently has a softening temperature determined according to DIN ISO306. The softening temperature of the polymer is at least 5° C. lower than the softening temperature of the thermoplastic elastomer foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventor: Brad J. Martin
  • Patent number: 10688719
    Abstract: A system for additive manufacturing includes a nozzle configured to translate along a first axis, a second axis perpendicular to the first axis, and a third axis orthogonal to the first and second axes, wherein the nozzle is operably coupled to: an extruder having an outlet and including a screw disposed within a barrel, and a pump having an inlet and an outlet. The inlet is coupled to the extruder, and the outlet is in fluid communication with the nozzle. The system also includes a controller configured to adjust a speed of the pump with respect to a speed of the screw to apply a target pressure at the outlet of the extruder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: Thermwood Corporation
    Inventors: Kenneth J. Susnjara, Nicolas Vote, Robert Gaesser, Brian S. Smiddy, Scott G. Vaal
  • Patent number: 10344137
    Abstract: A polyolefin-based resin pre-expanded particle includes a polyolefin-based resin; an organic phosphorus-containing compound being nitrogen-free; and a hindered amine having an OR group substituted directly on an N-atom where R is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbyl group, wherein the organic phosphorus-containing compound is at least one selected from the group consisting of alkyl phosphonic acid, an ester of the alkyl phosphonic acid, aryl phosphonic acid, an ester of the aryl phosphonic acid, a cyclic phosphonate, and a cyclic bisphosphonate, the polyolefin-based resin pre-expanded particle comprises from 1.0% by weight to 10% by weight of the organic phosphorus-containing compound and from 0.1% by weight to 5.0% by weight of the hindered amine, and the weight ratio of the organic phosphorus-containing compound to the hindered amine is from 1.0 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignees: Kaneka Belgium N.V., KANEKA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Pierre Van Ravestyn, Nancy Laeveren
  • Patent number: 10184038
    Abstract: Polylactic acid-based resin expanded beads obtained by releasing a softened, pressurized foamable resin composition, which has a polylactic acid-based resin and a physical blowing agent, to a low pressure atmosphere to foam and expand the resin composition, where the polylactic acid-based resin satisfies the conditions (1) to (3) shown below, and exhibits excellent secondary expansion properties and fusion bonding properties. A polylactic acid-based resin expanded beads molded article obtained by in-mold molding of the polylactic acid-based resin expanded beads exhibits excellent mechanical properties. MT?30 mN??(1) log MT?0.93 log ??1.75??(2) CT1/2?600 sec??(3) where MT represents a melt tension [mN] at 190° C., ? represents a melt viscosity [Pa·s] at 190° C. and a shear speed of 20 sec?1, and CT1/2 represents a half crystallization time [sec] at 110° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: JSP CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mitsuru Shinohara, Masaharu Oikawa
  • Patent number: 10167372
    Abstract: Methods of producing CO2-impregnated crystallizable polylactic acid resins and expanded polylactic acid foams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: BIOPOLYMER NETWORK LIMITED
    Inventor: Jean-Philippe Paul Marie Pierre Garancher
  • Patent number: 10087297
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a self-extinguishing polymeric composition comprising: a) a stabilizing polymeric composition containing i) from 80% to 99.5% by weight of one or more vinylaromatic polymers compatible with each other; and ii) from 0.5% to 20% by weight of at least one block copolymer containing: 1) at least one vinylaromatic polymer block compatible N with (i) and constituting a weight quantity equal to or higher than 15% by weight with respect to the whole block copolymer, and 2) at least one vinyl copolymer block containing epoxy groups so that there is from 0.7% to 19% by weight of oxirane oxygen calculated on the total of block copolymer; and b) from 0.03 phr by weight to 10 phr by weight, calculated on the basis of component (a), of at least one halogenated flame retardant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: Versalis, S.p.A.
    Inventors: Alessandro Casalini, Aldo Longo, Antonio Ponticiello, Giuditta Vannucci
  • Patent number: 9976006
    Abstract: A novel process for preparing vinyl aromatic polymer particles is described. The particles and beads are suitable for being processed into foamed styrenic products of substantially improved insulation values, as well as other useful products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: Averis AS
    Inventors: Rune Togersen, Svein Togersen, Eckerhard Frahm
  • Patent number: 9650483
    Abstract: A carrier plate for a decorative panel comprising a partly foamed plastic plate on the basis of a filler-admixed polyolefin as a carrier plate for the production of a decorative panel, a method for producing such a plate and its use as a support plate in a decorative panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: AKZENTA PANEELE + PROFILE GMBH
    Inventor: Hans-Jürgen Hannig
  • Patent number: 9512145
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to porous frameworks for gas separation, sensing and drug/biomolecule delivery. More particularly, the disclosure relates to reactive porous frameworks for functionalization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignees: The Regents of the University of California, BASF SE
    Inventors: Omar M. Yaghi, Alexader U. Czaja, William Morris, Joseph R. Hunt, David Kyle Britt, Chain Lee
  • Patent number: 9505898
    Abstract: An expandable composite resin bead comprises: a composite resin containing a polyethylene resin and a polystyrene resin; and a blowing agent impregnating the composite resin. The composite resin contains 5 to 20 mass % of the polyethylene resin and 80 to 95 mass % of the polystyrene resin. The blowing agent is an organic physical blowing agent. Furthermore, in the expandable composite resin bead, a predetermined swelling degree in methyl ethyl ketone at a temperature of 23° C. is not lower than 1.25.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: JSP CORPORATION
    Inventor: Masaomi Shima
  • Patent number: 9493624
    Abstract: Prepare extruded polymer foam comprising at least 50 weight-percent alkenyl aromatic polymer, a brominated flame retardant providing 0.8 to 1.4 weight percent bromide, 0.05 to 0.5 weight-percent hydrobromic acid scavenger, at least 1.5 weight-percent graphite and less than 0.1 weight-percent C—C and O—O labile organic compounds using a blowing agent composition comprising at least 0.3 weight-parts per 100 weight parts polymer and that consists of blowing agents having an ozone depletion potential of zero and a global warming potential that is less than 1000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: John Gordon-Duffy, David R. Arrowsmith, Simon P. Lee, Ralph Schmidt
  • Patent number: 9447249
    Abstract: Expandable-polymer-particle material comprising at least one thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) with Vicat softening point (in accordance with ISO 306/ASO) below 80° C. and from 5 to 95% by weight of at least one polymer obtainable via free-radical polymerization, based on the entirety of TPU and of the polymer obtainable via free-radical polymerization, where the polymer obtainable via free-radical polymerization has been bonded to the TPU in a manner that gives a comb polymer, graft polymer, or copolymer, is suitable for the production of moldings, in particular for use as insulation material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Patrick Spies, Frank Braun, Carsten Schips, Frank Prissok, Peter Gutmann, Klaus Hahn, Bernhard Schmied
  • Patent number: 9434830
    Abstract: Provided are: expandable acrylic resin bead and expanded acrylic resin bead, both having excellent moldability and capable of providing a foamed molded article that generates less soot during combustion and has a low decomposition gas generation speed; and a foamed molded article obtained through in-mold molding the expanded acrylic resin beads. The expandable acrylic resin bead is composed of an acrylic resin and a physical blowing agent impregnated therein. The acrylic resin contains a methacrylic ester component (A) and an acrylic ester component (B). The content of the component (A) is 85 to 99 mol % with respect to a total 100 mol % of the component (A) and the component (B). At least one of the component (A) and the component (B) contains a component having a polycyclic saturated hydrocarbon group. The glass transition temperature of the acrylic resin is 112 to 125° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: JSP CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jumpei Goto, Yota Kuwada
  • Patent number: 9366789
    Abstract: The present application generally relates to multi-layer sealing films, methods of making such films, materials for inclusion in such films, retroreflective sheeting and articles including such films, and methods of making retroreflective sheeting and articles including such films. The multi-layer sealing film may include two or more layers. One exemplary embodiment of a two-layer film includes a first layer including a thermoplastic polymeric material including reaction products of alkylene and reaction products of at least one non-acidic comonomer and a second layer including one of a polyolefin, a polyester, a polymethyl methacrylate, a polyamide, a polycarbonate, an ethylene-methacrylic acid, and a polyurethane. In some embodiments, at least one of the layers of the multi-layer sealing film has an elastic modulus of at least 3.5×105 kPa and the flexural rigidity of the retroreflective article is less than about 4.0×10?8 N·m2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Bimal V. Thakkar, Jeffrey O. Emslander, Bryan C. Feisel
  • Patent number: 9309365
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an expandable styrene polymer, comprising at least one flame retardant as component (A), from 0.0001 to 2% by weight, based on component (A), of at least one metal as component (B), and athermanous particles as component (C), to a process for the production of this expandable styrene polymer, to an expanded styrene polymer bead, comprising at least one flame retardant as component (A), from 0.0001 to 2% by weight, based on component (A), of at least one metal as component (B), and athermanous particles as component (C), to a process for the production of this expanded styrene polymer bead, to a foam, capable of production from this expandable styrene polymer, to a process for the production of this foam, and also to the use of this foam for thermal insulation, including that of machines and of household devices, and as packaging material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Frank Braun, Ingo Bellin, Klaus Hahn
  • Patent number: 9266305
    Abstract: This invention relates to the field of multilayer articles having reinforced structural properties prepared by rotational molding wherein the external and internal skin layers are prepared from polyethylene resin and the intermediate layer is prepared from foamed polyethylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: TOTAL RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY FELUY
    Inventor: Eric Maziers
  • Patent number: 9229265
    Abstract: A method of preparing a monodisperse particle may include mixing at least two types of monomers in a solvent, placing an initiator in the solvent, and forming a particle having a copolymer shape by polymerizing the at least two types of monomers. The particle may have a size controlled by a content of the at least two types of monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Moon Gyu Han, Chang Gyun Shin, HongShik Shim, Seog-jin Jeon
  • Publication number: 20150141538
    Abstract: A system for applying a melted polymer/hot melt adhesive includes structure for adding one or more components to the polymer/hot melt stream at selected locations of the stream depending on the desired final characteristics of the polymer/hot melt adhesive, the heat histories of the polymer/hot melt adhesive and the modifying component, and the physical or chemical characteristics of the modifying component. The modifying component can be supplied in a fluid carrier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Peter. S. Melendy, Dennis J. Fitzmeyer, Joseph D. Sordillo
  • Patent number: 9000060
    Abstract: Disclosed is expandable modified resin beads (1), comprising a modified resin as a base resin in which a dispersion phase (3) containing a styrene resin as a major component is dispersed in a continuous phase (2) containing an olefin resin as a major component, and a physical blowing agent. Further disclosed are expanded modified resin beads obtained by expanding the expandable modified resin beads (1), and a foamed molded article formed from the expanded modified resin beads obtained by molding the expanded modified resin beads in a mold. A volume average diameter of the dispersion phase (3) dispersed in the continuous phase (2) is 0.55 ?m or more. The expandable modified resin beads (1) have, as a base resin, the modified resin contains 80 to 50 parts by mass of the styrene resin with respect to 20 to 50 parts by mass parts of the olefin resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: JSP Corporation
    Inventor: Masaomi Shima
  • Patent number: 8969466
    Abstract: Nanocomposite compositions based on expandable thermoplastic polymers which comprise: a) a polymeric matrix produced by the polymerization of a base comprising one or more polymerizable monomers; b) 1-10% by weight, calculated with respect to the polymer (a), of an expanding agent englobed in the polymeric matrix; c) 0.004-15% by weight, calculated with respect to the polymer (a), of an athermanous filler comprising nano-scaled graphene plates with a thickness (orthogonal to the graphene sheet) not greater than 150 nm, an average dimension (length, width, or diameter) not greater than 10 micrometers and a surface area>50 m2/g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: versalis S.p.A.
    Inventors: Riccardo Felisari, Olga Valentino, Alessandro Casalini
  • Patent number: 8961859
    Abstract: There are provided expandable polystyrene resin particles formed by granulating a polystyrene resin containing an expanding agent, wherein the weight-average molecular weight Mw of the polystyrene resin is in the range of 120,000 to 270,000, and the expanding agent contains, as an essential component, pentane at a proportion of 3 to 8 parts by mass based on 100 parts by mass of the polystyrene resin, while the composition of the pentane is in the range of isopentane:normal pentane=10:90 to 80:20 by mass ratio. These expandable polystyrene resin particles can utilize a recycled raw material, and can produce a molded foam product having sufficient mechanical strength, while the expandable polystyrene resin particles have a long bead life and excellent low pressure moldability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Sekisui Plastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ryosuke Chinomi, Hiroyuki Tarumoto, Yoshifumi Saitou
  • Patent number: 8933137
    Abstract: Expandable composite resin particles for frozen storage comprising: composite resin particles of a polyolefin-based resin and a polystyrene-based resin; 7.5 to 11% by weight of volatile blowing agent contained in the composite resin particles and containing pentane; and 0.5 to 1.5% by weight of moisture attached to surfaces of the composite resin particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Sekisui Plastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasutaka Tsutsui, Masahiko Ozawa
  • Publication number: 20150005402
    Abstract: a) Production of prepolymer beads through a first suspension polymerization reaction using an aqueous suspension comprising styrene monomers and comprising particulate additives, b) isolation of the prepolymer beads, c) optional division of the prepolymer beads into fractions of different particle size and selection of one or more fractions for subsequent stages, d) production of an aqueous suspension of the prepolymer beads and conduct of a second suspension polymerization reaction in the presence of blowing agent and with addition of further monomers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Patrick Spies, Pascal Hesse, Bernhard Schmied, Libor Seda, Rainer Ostermann, Frank Braun, Gregor Haverkemper, Uwe-Johannes Lehnen, Klaus Hahn, Jan Holoch
  • Patent number: 8920891
    Abstract: A polymer composition comprises a low-molecular-weight (LMW) ethylene polymer component and a high-molecular-weight (HMW) ethylene polymer component coupled with a polysulfonyl azide. Preferably, the LMW polyethylene component and the HMW polyethylene component co-crystallize in the composition such that it exhibits a single or substantially single peak in a lamella thickness distribution (LTD) curve. The ethylene polymer for the LMW and the HMW polyethylene components can be either homopolymer or ethylene copolymer. Preferably, both components are an ethylene copolymer of the same, or different, composition (that is, with the same or different comonomers). A method of making a pipe that includes selecting a polymer composition having a substantially single peak in the LTD curve is described. Compositions comprising a chromium-catalyzed ethylene polymer, coupled with a polysulfonyl azide are also described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: William J. Michie, Jr., Dane Chang, Anthony C. Neubauer, Mridula Kapur, Todd A. Hogan, Felipe B. Martinez, Stephane Costeux
  • Publication number: 20140364522
    Abstract: Provided is a process for preparing polystyrene having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) in the range of 120,000- 160,000 gmol, a polydispersity in the range of 4-6 and a melt flow rate of at least 40 g/10 minutes by feeding styrene into a reaction system through which the styrene passes as a component of a reaction mixture as it is polymerized, the reaction system including an initial reaction zone (100) and a downstream reaction zone (200), comprising the steps of: polymerizing styrene in the initial reaction zone to form polystyrene having a Mw of greater than 300,000 gmol and a polydispersity in the range 1,5-2.5, 10-30 wt. % of the styrene fed to the initial reaction zone being polymerized there,—and polymerizing styrene remaining in the reaction mixture in the downstream reaction zone, a chain transfer agent being mixed with the reaction mixture at the commencement of this reaction zone and optionally at one or more additional locations within this reaction zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Gilbert Bouquet, Ulrich Reifert, Nicolaas M.A. Hermans
  • Patent number: 8901182
    Abstract: Process for producing expanded polyolefin resin particles with use as a foaming agent in water contained in an aqueous dispersion medium. The process includes dispersing polyolefin resin particles with use as a foaming agent of water contained in an aqueous dispersion medium. The process includes dispersing polyolefin resin particles together with the aqueous dispersion medium into a closed vessel, heating the polyolefin resin particles up to or above a softening temperature of the polyolefin resin particles and pressurizing the polyolefin resin particles, and releasing the polyolefin resin particles into a zone whose pressure is lower than an internal pressure of the closed vessel. The polyolefin resin particles are composed of a polyolefin resin composition including a polyolefin resin, polyethylene glycol homopolymer and a foam nucleating agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Kaneka Corporation
    Inventors: Jun Fukuzawa, Hiroshi Tsuneishi
  • Patent number: 8901183
    Abstract: Expandable composite resin particles for long-term storage, comprising 500 to 5000 ppm of water and 7.5 to 11.0% by weight of pentane in composite resin of polyolefin-based resin and polystyrene-based resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Sekisui Plastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasutaka Tsutsui, Masahiko Ozawa
  • Patent number: 8889750
    Abstract: Polypropylene resin expanded particles comprises a polypropylene resin as a base material resin, the polypropylene resin having at least three melting peaks on a DSC curve for a second temperature rise measured at a heating rate of 10 g/min with use of a heat flux differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), the at least three melting peaks including (i) a lowest temperature melting peak of 100° C. to 130° C. and (ii) a highest temperature melting peak of 140° C. to 160° C., the polypropylene resin having a resin DSC ratio change rate of 0.5%/° C. to 3.0%/° C., the expanded particles having two melting peaks in a DSC measurement made at a first temperature rise at the heating rate of 10 g/min, the two melting peaks including, (i) on a lower temperature side, a melting peak temperature of 100° C. to 130° C. and, (ii) on a higher temperature side, a melting peak temperature of 140° C. to 160° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Kaneka Corporation
    Inventor: Kenichi Senda
  • Publication number: 20140336289
    Abstract: A process for producing polylactic acid-based resin expanded beads comprises releasing foamable resin particles, which are in a softened state and dispersed in a dispersing medium contained in a pressure resisting closed vessel, to an atmosphere having a pressure lower than that in the closed vessel together with the dispersing medium to foam and expand the foamable particles. The foamable resin particles are obtained by impregnating a physical blowing agent into resin particles which are formed of a modified polylactic acid resin modified with an epoxide and showing specific physical properties when melted.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: JSP CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mitsuru Shinohara, Masaharu Oikawa
  • Publication number: 20140335338
    Abstract: Process for producing a syntactically foamed polymer composition, comprising a) introducing expandable microspheres into a matrix material and mixing in a mixing machine, b) expanding the microspheres, c) the temperature distribution in the mixing machine being inhomogeneous in a plane perpendicular to the transport direction of the machine, d) maintaining the temperature of a first surface bounding the mixing space of the mixing machine, in a plane perpendicular to the transport direction of the mixing machine, at a temperature sufficient for the polymer composition containing the microspheres coming into contact with such first bounding surface to reach a temperature sufficient for commencement and continuation of expansion, e) maintaining a second surface bonding the mixing space in the same plane at a temperature sufficiently low for the polymer composition containing the microspheres coming into contact with it, not to reach a temperature sufficient for commencement and continuation of expansion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Inventors: Axel BURMEISTER, Franziska CZERWONATIS
  • Patent number: 8841353
    Abstract: A carbon-containing modified polystyrene type resin particle of the present invention includes: a carbon-containing polypropylene type resin, and a polystyrene type resin in an amount of not less than 100 parts by weight but less than 400 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the carbon-containing polypropylene type resin, wherein the polystyrene type resin ratio at the central part of the particle is at least 1.2 times the polystyrene type resin ratio of the overall particle, the polystyrene type resin ratio being calculated by using the ratio (D698/D1376) of absorbances at 698 cm?1 and 1376 cm?1 which are obtained by infrared absorption spectra measured by ATR infrared spectroscopic analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Sekisui Plastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinji Ishida, Masahiko Ozawa
  • Patent number: 8801982
    Abstract: A method for producing expandable pellets can include introducing a vinyl aromatic polymer and an expandable agent to a pelletizer (L). The pelletizer (L) can have a die plate having a holes of large diameter. During the start-up of the production of the expandable pellets, pellets can be produced in the pelletizer (L). When the polymer flow rate is in the operating range of the pelletizer (S), the introduction of the vinyl aromatic polymer and the expandable agent can be switched from the pelletizer (L) to the pelletizer (S). The pelletizer (S) can be operated at conditions effective to produce the expandable pellets. The pelletizer (S) can have a die plate having holes of small diameter. The expandable pellets can be recovered from the pelletizer (S), and the pellets can be recovered from the pelletizer (L).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Total Research & Technology Feluy
    Inventors: Michel Cassart, Francis Couget, Elena Prats
  • Patent number: 8796344
    Abstract: A process for producing pre-expanded particles, comprising the steps of: impregnating 100 parts by weight of polystyrene type resin particles with a volatile blowing agent in the presence of 0.1 to 2.0 parts by weight of a first antistatic agent to obtain expandable resin particles; and bringing 100 parts by weight of the expandable resin particles into contact with 0.1 to 2.0 parts by weight of a second antistatic agent in the presence of an antifoaming agent, and then pre-expanding the particles, thereby obtaining pre-expanded particles, wherein the second antistatic agent and the antifoaming agent are used in a ratio by weight of 1:0.04 to 1.50.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Sekisui Plastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuichi Gondo, Hideyasu Matsumura
  • Patent number: 8772362
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for production of expanded polystyrene using D-limonene as a plasticizer, which allows reducing the amount of pentane in the process, yet allows generating beads with similar cell size as if greater quantities of pentane had been used. Pentane is an organic solvent with toxicity associated with organic solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Nexkemia Petrochimie Inc.
    Inventor: Jean-Pierre Gibeault
  • Publication number: 20140183093
    Abstract: An ultralight flowable material comprises a plurality of macrospheres having an average diameter of about 150 microns or above, and a lubricant. An amount of the lubricant in the ultralight flowable material is sufficient to substantially coat the exterior surfaces of essentially all macrospheres, but less than an amount to cause dispersion of the macrospheres in the lubricant. An article of manufacture includes a flexible container and an ultralight flowable material contained within the flexible container. The ultralight flowable material may comprise a plurality of spherical objects and a tacky lubricant in an amount to substantially coat the exterior surfaces of essentially all spherical objects but less than an amount to cause dispersion of the spherical objects in the tacky lubricant. The spherical objects comprise macrospheres, microspheres, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: EdiZONE, LLC
    Inventors: Tony M. Pearce, Joseph T. Nilson
  • Patent number: 8765826
    Abstract: Expandable composite resin particles for long-term storage, comprising 500 to 5000 ppm of water and 7.5 to 11.0% by weight of pentane in composite resin of polyolefin-based resin and polystyrene-based resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Sekisui Plastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasutaka Tsutsui, Masahiko Ozawa
  • Publication number: 20140171524
    Abstract: There is provided polyvinylidene fluoride resin expanded beads which have a high expansion ratio, do not shrink easily, and are capable of obtaining a molded article of the expanded beads that is excellent in mold reproducibility and dimensional stability. The polyvinylidene fluoride resin expanded beads include a polyvinylidene fluoride resin as a base resin, in which a flexural modulus of the polyvinylidene fluoride resin is 450 MPa or more, a melt flow rate (MFR) of the polyvinylidene fluoride resin is 1 g/10 min or more at 230° C. and 2.16 kg load, an apparent density of the expanded beads is 25 to 150 g/L, and a closed cell content of the expanded beads is 80% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: JSP CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mitsuru SHINOHARA, Masaharu OIKAWA
  • Publication number: 20140145364
    Abstract: A noncrosslinked polyethylene resin expanded particle is provided having a bulk density BD in a range of 10 g/L to 100 g/L, the particle being obtained by expanding a polyethylene resin particle whose density is in a range of 0.920 g/cm3 to 0.940 g/cm3, the noncrosslinked polyethylene resin expanded particle having a shrinkage factor in a range of 2% to 30%, the shrinkage factor being obtained by the following formula (1): Shrinkage Factor=(BD?VBD)×100/VBD??(1), wherein: the BD of the noncrosslinked polyethylene expanded particle is a bulk density at 23° C. and at 0.1 MPa (at a normal atmospheric pressure); and the VBD of the noncrosslinked polyethylene expanded particle is a bulk density at 23° C. and at a reduced pressure of 0.002 MPa or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2014
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: KANEKA CORPORATION
    Inventor: Kiyotaka NAKAYAMA
  • Publication number: 20140005287
    Abstract: Provided are pre-expanded polypropylene resin particles having a dimensional expansion coefficient of 1.5% or more determined with a thermomechanical analyzer at a constant compressive load of 1 mg during heating from 30° C. to 100° C. at a temperature increase rate of 10° C./min. Using the pre-expanded polypropylene resin particles can yield an in-mold foam molded product of polypropylene resin having few wrinkles and small dimensional shrinkage without pretreatment such as internal pressure application or compression packing during packing the pre-expanded particles in a mold for in-mold foam molding.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 16, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: KANEKA CORPORATION
    Inventor: Akihiro Itoi
  • Patent number: 8598242
    Abstract: Disclosed is an expanded polypropylene copolymer resin particle whose base resin is a polypropylene random copolymer resin having a melting point of not more than 145° C., the base resin having a H/W ratio of not more than 8 where H (%) is a maximum height of an elution peak and W (° C.) is a peak width at half a height of the peak in an elution curve obtained from a differential value of eluted content measured by cross fractionation chromatography, and a ratio (Mw/Mn) of a weight-average molecular weight (Mw) and a number-average molecular weight (Mn) being not less than 3.5 in a molecular weight distribution measurement of a whole of eluted components. With such an expanded polypropylene copolymer resin particle, it is possible to provide expanded polypropylene copolymer resin particles which are capable of producing an in-mold expansion-molded article with a low molding heating vapor pressure, and which causes few deformation or shrinkage of an obtained in-mold expansion-molded article (i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Kaneka Corporation
    Inventor: Kenichi Senda
  • Patent number: 8598241
    Abstract: Provided are polypropylene resin pre-foamed particles including, as base resin, polypropylene resin that satisfies the following requirements (a) through (c): (a) in cross fractionation chromatography, an amount of components eluted at a temperature of not more than 40° C. is not more than 2.0% by weight; (b) a melting point is not less than 100° C. but not more than 160° C.; and (c) propylene monomer units are present in an amount of not less than 90 mol % but not more than 100 mol %, and olefin units each having a carbon number of 2 or 4 or more are present in an amount of not less than 0 mol % but not more than 10 mol %. The polypropylene resin pre-foamed particles can be molded by in-mold foaming molding at a not high molding heating steam pressure, and a polypropylene resin in-mold foaming molded product excellent in dimensional stability at high temperatures can be prepared from the polypropylene resin pre-foamed particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Kaneka Corporation
    Inventors: Toru Yoshida, Hiroshi Tsuneishi
  • Patent number: 8592494
    Abstract: A method for producing styrene-modified linear low-density polyethylene-based resin particles, which includes the steps of: dispersing 100 parts by weight of non-crosslinked linear low-density polyethylene-based resin particles which are polymerized using a metallocene compound as a catalyst and contain an inorganic nucleating agent, 50 to 800 parts by weight of a styrene-based monomer and 0.1 to 0.9 parts by weight of a polymerization initiator relative to 100 parts by weight of the styrene-based monomer into an aqueous suspension containing a dispersant; impregnating the polyethylene-based resin particles with the styrene-based monomer under heating the resulting dispersion at such a temperature that the styrene-based monomer does not substantially polymerize; and performing polymerization of the styrene-based monomer at a temperature of (T+10) to (T+35)° C. where T° C. is a crystallization peak temperature of the polyethylene-based resin particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Sekisui Plastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideyasu Matsumura, Tatsuya Matsugashita
  • Patent number: 8592495
    Abstract: A seed beads dispersing disperse system is obtained by dispersing olefin resin seed beads 1 with a specific tubular shape in an aqueous medium. Then, the olefin resin seed beads 1 are impregnated with styrene monomers and the styrene monomers are polymerized in the presence of a polymerization initiator by heating at a temperature in a specified range, to thereby obtain tubular thermoplastic resin composite beads. Expandable thermoplastic resin composite beads obtained by impregnating the thermoplastic resin composite beads with a blowing agent, expanded thermoplastic resin composite beads obtained by foaming and expanding the expandable thermoplastic resin composite beads, and a foamed molded article formed from the expanded thermoplastic resin composite beads by molding are also obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: JSP Corporation
    Inventors: Masaomi Shima, Mitsuru Shinohara
  • Publication number: 20130267617
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process of fabricating a cast foam product, an intermediate foam product, and a cast foam product. The process includes positioning an expandable component and alloying particles within a die and injecting steam into the die and expanding the expandable component to form an expanded component. The expandable component includes one or more of polystyrene and polymethylmethacrylate. The intermediate foam product includes the alloying particles, the expandable component, and the steam. The cast foam product includes a distribution of the alloying particles and the expanded component, with the alloying particles being physically bound by the expanded component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2012
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Junyoung PARK, Jason Robert PAROLINI
  • Patent number: 8518540
    Abstract: Multilayer expanded polypropylene resin beads that are heat moldable at low steam pressure and can provide an expanded mold with sufficient rigidity and heat resistance. The beads are formed from a polypropylene resin and a coating layer formed from a different polypropylene resin. The multilayer expanded resin beads can be molded in-mold at a steam pressure lower than the steam pressure for molding single-layer expanded beads made from the polypropylene resin which forms the core layer. The coating layer to core layer resin weight ratio in the multi-layer resin beads is not less than 0.001 and not greater than 0.040 and the expansion ratio of the expanded beads, the average value of the thickness of the coating layer of the expanded beads, calculated based on the coating weight ratio of the multi-layer resin beads, is not less than 0.1 ?m and not greater than 3.0 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: JSP Corporation
    Inventors: Masakazu Sakaguchi, Kouki Nishijima, Masaharu Oikawa
  • Patent number: 8513317
    Abstract: Provided is a process for producing expanded polyolefin resin particles whose cells are not made nonuniform or extremely smaller as seen in conventional expanded particles, whose cell diameter and expansion ratio can be easily controlled independently, and which, when subjected to in-mold expansion molding, give in-mold expanded molded products satisfactory in fusibility and excellent in surface properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Kaneka Corporation
    Inventors: Jun Fukuzawa, Hiroshi Tsuneishi
  • Publication number: 20130203876
    Abstract: The present invention is a method to start-up a process to make expandable vinyl aromatic polymer pellets comprising, a) providing a pelletizer (S) containing means to introduce the molten vinyl aromatic polymer comprising the expandable agent and optionally additives, a die plate having a plurality of holes of small diameter, typically in the range 0.8 to 1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: Total Petrochemicals Research Feluy
    Inventors: Michel Cassart, Francis Couget, Elena Prats
  • Patent number: 8501827
    Abstract: A method of using heat-resistant hollow sphere polymers having at least on crosslinked polymer stage, and having a core stage that has been swollen with a volatile base, in applications in which the hollow sphere polymer is exposed to temperatures of from 100° C. to 350° C., is provided. Articles made by the method are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Chuen-Shyong Chou, John Robert Haigh
  • Patent number: 8476325
    Abstract: A method for producing styrene-modified polyethylene-based resin beads, including the steps of: dispersing 100 parts by weight of polyethylene-based resin beads which contain an inorganic nucleating agent and have a melting point of 95° C. to 115° C., 20 parts by weight or more and less than 300 parts by weight of a styrene-based monomer and a polymerization initiator into an aqueous suspension containing a dispersant; impregnating the polyethylene-based resin beads with the styrene-based monomer under heating the resulting dispersion at such a temperature that the styrene-based monomer does not substantially polymerize; and performing polymerization of the styrene-based monomer at a temperature of (T)° C. to (T+25)° C. (where T° C. is a melting point of the polyethylene-based resin beads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Sekisui Plastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideyasu Matsumura, Tatsuya Matsugashita
  • Publication number: 20130158141
    Abstract: A pre-expanded polyolefin particle containing powdered activated carbon (PAC) and a pre-expanded polyolefin particle containing PAC and a sterically hindered amine ether flame retardant, as well as processes for preparing pre-expanded polyolefin particles. A process for producing the pre-expanded polyolefin includes providing polyolefin polymer granules containing powdered activated carbon; impregnating the polyolefin polymer granules with a volatile blowing agent in an aqueous suspension at a pressure of 5 to 50 bar and at temperatures of 100 to 170° C.; and decompression to atmospheric pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: KANEKA BELGIUM N.V.
    Inventors: Pierre Van Ravestyn, Nancy Laeveren