Contains Two Or More Fluorine Or Iodine Organic Compounds Patents (Class 524/463)
  • Patent number: 8962707
    Abstract: Various uses of monochlorotrifluoropropenes, in combination with one or more other components, including other fluoroalkenes, hydrocarbons; hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), ethers, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, methyl formate, formic acid, water, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, carbon dioxide and combinations of any two or more of these, in a variety of applications, including as blowing agents, are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventor: Rajiv R. Singh
  • Patent number: 8394882
    Abstract: An improved process for emulsion polymerization of fluoropolymers, such as polytetrafluoroethylene, employs reduced amounts of fluorinated emulsifiers. The addition of europium III chloride facilitates emulsion polymerization of fluoropolymers having comparable quality to those fluoropolymers made using conventional processes employing greater amounts of environmentally undesirable fluorinated emulsifiers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Inventor: Zancy VonHooks
  • Patent number: 8152511
    Abstract: An imprint lithography mold assembly includes a mold having a surface, a substrate having a surface, and a polymerizable composition disposed between the surface of the mold and the surface of the substrate. The polymerizable composition includes a bulk material and a non-ionic surfactant having a first end and a second end. The first end of the non-ionic surfactant has an affinity for the bulk material, and the second end of the non-ionic surfactant is fluorinated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Molecular Imprints, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank Y. Xu, Michael N. Miller
  • Patent number: 7981955
    Abstract: Electrical insulation system, which optionally contains a filler material and/or further additives, wherein said electrical insulation system comprises poly(dicyclopentadiene) as the main component, and method of making said electrical insulation system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: ABB Research Ltd
    Inventors: Kurt Kaltenegger, Xavier Kornmann, Jens Rocks, Reto Weder
  • Patent number: 7799244
    Abstract: An inexpensive fluorescent object is provided which may be used, for example, as a test object for color adjustment of a fluorescent endoscope system. The fluorescent object generates fluorescence while minimizing the generation of ‘noise’ at undesired wavelengths, and is made using a plastic that substantially does not deteriorate upon exposure to U.V. and visible radiation. A method of producing the fluorescent object is disclosed, namely, a plastic powder (such as PTFE) and an inorganic fluorescent powder (such as Mn-doped ZnS) are blended so as to form a mixture of these components, and the mixture is then molded by applying pressure to the mixture. An important feature of the invention is that heat is not added during any phase in the production of the fluorescent object, thereby preventing the inorganic fluorescent powder from being denatured when producing the fluorescent object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Assignees: Olympus Corporation, Olympus Medical Systems Corp.
    Inventors: Takeshi Suga, Tomonori Sato, Nobuyuki Suda, Yukichi Hanayama
  • Publication number: 20100233492
    Abstract: The invention relates to a dilutable, non-aqueous concentrate and an aqueous dilution used for aqueous delivery of fluorinated oligomeric silanes to a substrate, a method of treating a substrate with the aqueous dilution composition to render it oil and water repellent, and articles having coatings made from the aqueous dilution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2010
    Publication date: September 16, 2010
    Inventors: Rudolf J. Dams, Mark J. Pellerite, Steven J. Martin, Michael S. Terrazas
  • Patent number: 7579409
    Abstract: A micropowder composition containing a granular PTFE micropowder, a fine powder PTFE micropowder, and a fine powder molding resin provides mixtures with fluoroelastomers containing copolymerized and alternating units of tetrafluoroethylene and propylene that provide molded articles having improved surface smoothness characteristics and tear resistance on molding. Processes for mixing additives with fluoroelastomers by adding or mixing the fluoroelastomer with the additives in the presence of micropowder PTFE compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2009
    Assignee: AGC Chemicals Americas, Inc.
    Inventors: David J. Lavanga, Richard DeLucca
  • Publication number: 20090065121
    Abstract: An adhesive composition of between 10-70% by weight of a latex emulsion, between 30-80% by weight of an acrylic, between 0.05-5% by weight of a surfactant, and between 1-50% by weight of water, and an adhesive application system for applying the adhesive composition having the adhesive, a propellant, a pressure container for containing the adhesive and the propellant under pressure, and a valve system to regulate the flow of the adhesive and propellant out of the pressure container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2008
    Publication date: March 12, 2009
    Inventors: Ford SILVERS, Mike D. WHITAKER, Fred M. Land
  • Publication number: 20080281032
    Abstract: A composition includes an elastomeric composition. The elastomeric composition can include an epichlorohydrin composition, and the elastomeric composition can be substantially free of a fluoroelastomer composition. The composition can further include a filler material which includes a reinforcement-grade carbon black. The composition can further include a peroxide curative.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2007
    Publication date: November 13, 2008
    Inventor: Pradip K. BANDYOPADHYAY
  • Patent number: 7449523
    Abstract: Processable rubber compositions contain a vulcanized fluorocarbon elastomer and wear reducing additives dispersed in a matrix of a thermoplastic polymeric material. In one embodiment the matrix forms a continuous phase and the vulcanized elastomeric material is in the form of particles forming a non-continuous phase. The compositions are made by combining a curative, an uncured fluorocarbon elastomer, a wear reducing additive and a thermoplastic material, and heating the mixture at a temperature and for a time sufficient to effect vulcanization of the elastomeric material, while mechanical energy is applied to mix the mixture during the heating step. Shaped articles such as seals, gaskets, O-rings, and hoses may be readily formed from the rubber compositions according to conventional thermoplastic processes such as blow molding, injection molding, and extrusion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2008
    Assignee: Freudenberg-NOK General Partnership
    Inventor: Edward Hosung Park
  • Patent number: 7405255
    Abstract: The present invention relates to solutions and/or dispersions of organic semiconductors in a solvent mixture of at least two different organic solvents, characterized in that A. Each of the solvents on its own has a boiling point of below 200° C. and a melting point of 15° C. or less, B. at least one of the solvents has a boiling point in the range from greater than 140 to less than 200° C., C. the solvents used have no benzylic CH2 or CH groups, D. the solvents used are not benzene derivatives containing tert-butyl substituents or more than two methyl substituents, and their use in printing processes for producing layers of organic semiconductors, especially for the electronics industry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2008
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Hubert Spreitzer, Heinrich Becker, Kevin Treacher, Susanne Heun, Andreas Sauer
  • Patent number: 7361706
    Abstract: A water- and oil-repellent, antistatic composition comprises (a) at least one nonpolymeric ionic salt consisting of (i) at least one cation selected from the group consisting of monovalent metal cations, divalent metal cations, and organic onium cations, and (ii) at least one weakly coordinating anion, the conjugate acid of the anion having an acidity greater than or equal to that of a hydrocarbon sulfonic acid, and with the proviso that the anion is organic or fluoroorganic when the cation is a metal; (b) at least one fluorochemical repellency-imparting additive or repellent; and (c) at least one insulating material. The composition exhibits good antistatic and repellency characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2008
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Delton R. Thompson, Thomas P. Klun, William M. Lamanna
  • Patent number: 7307118
    Abstract: The present invention provides compositions that feature improved preferential adhesion and release characteristics with respect to a substrate and a mold having imprinting material disposed therebetween. To that end, the compositions facilitate bifurcation of the imprinting into a surfactant-component-rich sub-portion and a surfactant-component-depleted sub-portion located between said surfactant-component-rich sub-portion and said substrate. This surfactant-component-rich sub-portion attenuates the adhesion forces between the mold and the imprinting material, once solidified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2007
    Assignee: Molecular Imprints, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank Y. Xu, Michael N. Miller
  • Publication number: 20070270529
    Abstract: Thermoplastic compositions comprising polyacrylonitriles that contain greater than 90% acrylonitrile as monomer, or copolymers of such polyacrylonitriles with an olefinic unsaturated co-monomer, can be formed by the use of certain compatibilizers and/or thermal stabilizers. Other thermoplastic compositions comprising the high nitrile polyacrylonitriles can be obtained by melt blending the polyacrylonitriles with certain aromatic engineering thermoplastic polymers in the presence of compatibilizers and thermal stabilizers. All of the foregoing high nitrile compositions have been found to possess good optical and gas barrier properties, and good stress crack resistance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2007
    Publication date: November 22, 2007
    Inventors: H. HARALD LUTZMANN, JAMES D. IDOL, GERALD W. MILLER
  • Patent number: 7256232
    Abstract: The purpose of the invention is a coating precursor comprising a silicone resin, a mineral filler and an organic solvent capable of dissolving the said resin and putting the said mineral filler into suspension, the said silicone resin and the said mineral filler being capable of chemically reacting so as to produce a solid layer on a substrate after the organic solvent has evaporated and a cohesive refractory layer after a calcination operation. Another purpose of the invention is a method for coating a given surface of a substrate with at least one refractory layer containing silicon in which the substrate is coated with a coating precursor according to the invention so as to form a green layer and a heat treatment is carried out to calcine the said green layer and to form a cohesive refractory layer. The invention is a means of obtaining a protective coating capable of resisting oxidizing environments, liquid metal and solid or molten salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignees: Aluminium Pechiney, Pechiney Rhenalu
    Inventors: Airy-Pierre Lamaze, Christian Barthelemy, Thomas Spadone, Robert Rey-Flandrin
  • Patent number: 7153448
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are refrigerant and heat transfer fluid compositions comprising 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone and at least one hydrofluorocarbon for use in refrigeration and air conditioning systems employing a centrifugal compressor. The compositions may be azeotropic or near-azeotropic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2006
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Barbara Haviland Minor, Mario J. Nappa, Allen C. Sievert, Thomas J. Leck
  • Patent number: 7151149
    Abstract: A non-drip, preferably self-adhesive, silicone elastomer composition crosslinkable by polyaddition, such as those polyorganosilanes (POS) bearing C2?C6?Si-alkenyl units and ?Si—H units but excluding fluorinated POS. The composition includes at least a thixotropic additive containing at least a fluorinated resin, preferably based on polyfluoroethylene (PTFE). The composition may be prepared from a Si—Vi polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and a Si—H PDMS crosslinked by platinum catalysis. Polytetrafluorethylene, a filler, particularly one containing silicone, optionally a ternary adherence promoter such as vinyltrimethosilane/glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane/butyl orthotitanate, and other typical additives may be added to the composition. The composition (not excluding the fluorinated POS as a possible constituent in the composition) may be used to produce joints in situ and/or as an adhesive, particularly in upholstery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2006
    Assignee: Rhodia Chimie
    Inventors: Georges Barrandon, Fabienne Howe, Olivier Loubet, Bernard Moulin, Alain Pouchelon
  • Patent number: 7135527
    Abstract: Processable rubber compositions contain a vulcanized fluorocarbon elastomer dispersed in a thermoplastic matrix comprising a fully fluorinated polymer and a partially fluorinated polymer. The processing temperature is below the melting point of the fully fluorinated polymer. The compositions are made by combining a curative, uncured fluorocarbon elastomer, a fully fluorinated thermoplastic, and a partially fluorinated thermoplastic material, and heating the mixture at a temperature and for a time sufficient to effect vulcanization of the elastomeric material, while mechanical energy is applied to mix the mixture during the heating step. Shaped articles such as seals, gaskets, O-rings, and hoses may be readily formed from the rubber compositions according to conventional thermoplastic processes such as blow molding, injection molding, and extrusion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2006
    Assignee: Freudenberg-NOK General Partnership
    Inventor: Edward Hosung Park
  • Patent number: 7094356
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions for use in refrigeration and air conditioning systems comprising 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone and at least one chlorocarbon, alcohol, ketone, ether, ester, N-(difluoromethyl)-N,N-dimethylamine, 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoro-2-[(pentafluoroethyl)thio]ethane or mixtures thereof, and which are also useful in systems employing a centrifugal compressor The compositions of the present invention may be azeotropic or near azeotropic and are useful in processes for producing refrigeration or heat or as heat transfer fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2006
    Assignee: E. I. dupont deNemours and Company
    Inventors: Barbara Haviland Minor, Thomas J. Leck
  • Patent number: 7074343
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are refrigerant and heat transfer fluid compositions comprising 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone and at least one hydrocarbon. These compositions are useful in refrigeration and air conditioning systems that employ a centrifugal compressor. Also disclosed herein are azeotropic or near azeotropic refrigerant and heat transfer fluid compositions comprising 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone and at least one hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2006
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Barbara Haviland Minor, Thomas J. Leck
  • Patent number: 6906122
    Abstract: The present invention provides thermoplastic polycarbonate blends which contain phosphonate amines and special graft polymers, which are prepared using redox initiator systems, and which are characterised by improved mechanical properties such as notched impact resistance, weld line strength and stress crack resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Michael Zobel, Thomas Eckel, Torsten Derr, Dieter Wittmann
  • Patent number: 6841243
    Abstract: The processes and apparatus of the present invention concerns melt spinning high viscosity fluoropolymers into single filaments or multi-filament yarns at high spinning speeds, the melt spinning being carried out at a temperature which is at least 90° C. greater than the melting point of the polymer or in the case of perfluoropolymer, at a temperature of at least 450° C., and the yarns produced by the process, wherein the filaments can exhibit an orientation at the surface of the filament no greater than at the core of the filament.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Edward William Tokarsky, William Cheng Uy, Robert Thomas Young
  • Patent number: 6838502
    Abstract: Provided is a flame-retardant polycarbonate resin composition comprising (A) 100 parts by weight of a polycarbonate resin, (B) from 0.2 to 10 parts by weight of a core/shell type, grafted rubbery elastomer, (C) from 0.02 to 5 parts by weight of an organic alkali metal salt and/or an organic alkaline earth metal salt, and (D) from 0.02 to 3 parts by weight of a polyfluoro-olefin resin. Not containing a halogen compound for flame retardation, it has good flame retardancy, and its moldability, impact resistance, thermal stability, wet heat resistance and recyclability are all good.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2005
    Assignee: Idemitsu Petrochemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akio Nodera, Masahiro Kitayama
  • Patent number: 6831120
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polycarbonate blends containing phosphonate amine and inorganic nanoparticles, which have improved flame proofing and improved mechanical properties such as low-temperature impact strength, elongation at break, weld line strength and stress cracking resistance as well as an improved yellowness index.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Michael Zobel, Thomas Eckel, Torsten Derr, Dieter Wittmann
  • Patent number: 6794438
    Abstract: A mixture comprising a cross-linkable thermosetting resin and a fluorocarbon additive which is curable to form a thermoset resin composition having a gradient concentration of the fluorocarbon additive through a cross-section thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: RES Development Corporation
    Inventors: Robert E. Sterling, Eugene P. Goldberg
  • Patent number: 6737455
    Abstract: A halogen-free, flame retardant polyester composition comprises, based on the total composition, (a) A poly(ethylene terephthalate) with a molecular weight of at least 50,000 or a blend of poly(ethylene terephthalate) with another polyester, taking into account that the ratio poly(ethylene terephthalate)/other polyester should be at least 55/45. (b) A combination of at least one N-containing compound, selected from the group of triazine, guanidine, or (iso)cyanurate compounds, and at least one P-containing compound, selected from the group of BPA-diphosphates or phosphoramides with the proviso that the ratio of the total amount of P- and N-containing compounds over the total polyester amount should be between 0.3 and 0.6 and the ratio of the P-containing compound over the N-containing compound should be higher than 0.8. (c) An anti-dripping agent in an amount of 0.01-2 weight percent of the total composition. (d) A reinforcing filler in an amount of 0-40 weight percent of the total composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Johannes Cornelis Gosens, Gerrit de Wit, Tieb Aouraghe
  • Patent number: 6706796
    Abstract: The present invention provides a compound according to the formula: CH2═C(R1)—C(O)—R6—NHCO2(CH2)p(CF2)q—O—((CF2)8CFXO)m(CF2)r—Z wherein each R1 is independently selected from —H, —CH3, —F and —Cl, wherein each R6 is independently selected from substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 alkyl, cyclic alkyl, or aryl groups, wherein each a is independently selected from 0-3, wherein each X is independently selected from —F, —CF3 or —CF2CF3, wherein each p is independently selected from 1-4, each q is independently selected from 1-5, each r is independently selected from 1-5, each m is independently selected from 1-50, each Z is independently selected from —F and —(CH2)5OH, and each s is independently selected from 1-4. The present invention also provides for the use of this compound as a surfactant in highly fluorinated liquid solvents. Latexes of dispersed particles utilizing this surfactant are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Prabhakara Satyauolu Rao, Naiyong Jing
  • Patent number: 6663941
    Abstract: Hydrophobic coating compositions are provided as are processes to coat articles with the compositions. Extremely hydrophobic coatings are provided by the compositions. Durable, weatherable and scratch-resistant coatings are provided by compositions comprising a trifluoromethyl-containing component and a hardenable material. Processes are also provided for forming hydrophobic coatings on articles without any substantial loss of fluorocarbon solvent used in the coating composition. Articles are coated on a surface thereof with a hydrophobic coating reactant or reaction product which forms a coating having an exposed surface populated with 30% by area or more terminal trifluoromethyl groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: Cytonix Corporation
    Inventors: James F. Brown, Richard A. Schneider
  • Patent number: 6630524
    Abstract: The present invention related to thermoplastic compositions comprising (A) thermoplastic polycarbonate; (B) a graft polymerisation product of (B-1) a mixture of (B-1.1) styrene, &agr;-methylstyrene, halogen or methyl ring-substituted styrene, C1-C8 alkyl methacrylates, or C1-C8 alkyl acrylate and (B-1.2) acrylonitrile, methacrylonitrile, C1-C8 alkyl methacrylates, C1-C8 alkyl acrylate, maleic anhydride, C1-C4 alkyl or phenyl N-substituted maleimides grafted on (B-2) a polymer with a glass transition temperature of below −10° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2003
    Assignee: Cheil Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Jong Cheol Lim, Je Heun Lee, Ick Hwan Kwon
  • Patent number: 6596806
    Abstract: To provide a filler-containing PTFE granular powder for molding, which has a high apparent density, a small electrostatic charge and excellent flowability and gives a molded article which is free from lowering of tensile strength and elongation and coloring attributable to a surfactant. Also a process for preparing the granular powder is provided. The granulation is carried out by wetting 100 parts by weight of a mixture of a PTFE powder and filler with 30 to 60 parts by weight of an aqueous solution containing an anionic surfactant in a concentration of not less than 10 times and less than 40 times the critical micelle concentration and then applying mechanical force to the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Michio Asano, Tetsuo Shimizu, Shoji Kawachi
  • Patent number: 6593415
    Abstract: A graded-refractive-index optical plastic material composed of an amorphous fluoropolymer and at least one material which differs from the polymer in refractive index by at least 0.001, wherein the material is so distributed as to have a concentration gradient in a specific direction, and a method for its production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2003
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Koike, Masaki Naritomi
  • Patent number: 6590036
    Abstract: A graded-refractive-index optical plastic material composed of an amorphous fluoropolymer and at least one material which differs from the polymer in refractive index by at least 0.001, wherein the material is so distributed as to have a concentration gradient in a specific direction, and a method for its production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2003
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Koike, Masaki Naritomi
  • Publication number: 20030069360
    Abstract: A graded-refractive-index optical plastic material composed of an amorphous fluoropolymer and at least one material which differs from the polymer in refractive index by at least 0.001, wherein the material is so distributed as to have a concentration gradient in a specific direction, and a method for its production.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2002
    Publication date: April 10, 2003
    Applicant: Yasuhiro KOIKE
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Koike, Masaki Naritomi
  • Patent number: 6518347
    Abstract: Flame retardant carbonate polymer compositions and articles prepared therefrom are described. The carbonate polymer contains a flame retardant additive comprising metal salts of a highly fluorinated methide, amide or imide anion. The composition provides flame retardancy at relatively low levels of additive, allows a broader processing window of additive compositions and can have high transparency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2003
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Steven D. Boyd, William M. Lamanna, Thomas P. Klun
  • Patent number: 6509406
    Abstract: The invention provides X-ray contrastable plastics materials with low-molecular weight iodine compounds, a process for preparing X-ray contrastable plastics materials with low molecular weight iodine compounds, the use of low molecular weight iodine compounds to improve the X-ray contrast in transparent plastics materials and toys with improved X-ray contrast containing low molecular weight iodine compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2003
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Axel Brenner, Martin Döbler, Michael Prein
  • Patent number: 6500910
    Abstract: A refractive index distribution type light transmitting device comprising a non-crystalline polymer (a) and a metal chelate compound (b) having a difference in refractive index of at least 0.001 as compared with the non-crystalline polymer (a) and having a molecular weight of at least 400, wherein the metal chelate compound (b) is distributed in the non-crystalline polymer (a) with a concentration gradient in a specific direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Assignees: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Koike, Norihide Sugiyama
  • Patent number: 6482882
    Abstract: Polymerization process of unsaturated pefluoromonomers, fluoro-containing monomers and optionally in the presence of hydrogen containing olefins, for obtaining polymers contaning hydrogen and fluorine, which utilizes a microemulsion comprising the following components: (a) water; (b) a fluoropolyoxyalkylene having hydrogen-containing end groups and/or hydrogen-containing repeating units; (c) a fluorine-free organic radicalic initiator for the polymerization of fluoro-containing monomers, soluble in component (B); (d) a fluoro-containing surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2002
    Assignee: Ausimont S.P.A.
    Inventors: Julio A. Abusleme, Alba Chittofrati
  • Patent number: 6476120
    Abstract: A refrigerant composition is disclosed which includes lubricants. The refrigerant composition includes formulations for use in automotive, residential or building air conditioning units. The refrigerant composition includes 25% to 35% by weight of a refrigerant, 60% to 70% by weight of a lubricating oil, and 0.5% to 10% by weight of polytetrafluoroethylene particles. The polytetrafluoroethylene particles range in size from 0.2 &mgr;m to 8.0 &mgr;m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2002
    Inventor: Anthony Dave Bowers
  • Patent number: 6476114
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of making a film comprising the steps of: (A) providing a film comprising a layer of thermoplastic polymer having dispersed therein a fluorochemical hydrophilicity imparting compound according to the formula: Rf—Q—Z—X—T, wherein Rf represents a partially or fully fluorinated aliphatic group having at least 3 carbon atoms, Q is a linking group or a covalent bond, Z is a poly(oxyalkylene) group, X is an oxygen atom or NR wherein R is a hydrogen atom or an alkyl or aryl group, and T is a hydrogen atom or an organic group having no more than 6 carbon atoms; (B) applying a coating comprising at least one non-volatile component on said film; and (C) when said coating contains volatile components, drying said coating to remove said volatile components from said coating. Further provided are single- and multi-layer films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2002
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Bart Goeman, Rolf D. Spielmann
  • Patent number: 6476095
    Abstract: The antifouling composition of the present invention includes a glassy matrix formed by crosslinking a mixture of a silanol-terminated silicone and an alkoxy-functionalized siloxane to provide an interpenetrating polymer network of glass and silicone and at least two materials capable of microphase separation, at least one of which is graftable to the glassy matrix. A primer composition is also provided and is a mixture of an epoxy, an alkoxy-functionalized siloxane and a silane capable of compatabilizing the epoxy and the alkoxy-functionalized siloxane; a glassy matrix formed by crosslinking a mixture of a silanol-terminated silicone and an alkoxy-functionalized siloxane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2002
    Assignee: Microphase Coatings, Inc.
    Inventor: William H. Simendinger, III
  • Patent number: 6469072
    Abstract: A method for dispersing solid forms of additives in polymers involves adding dispersions or solutions of additive(s) to a solution of polymer in a tubular mixer (preferably in the presence of a stationary mixer). The mixer leads to a steam precipitation step wherein all fluid ingredients in the mixture are volatilized leaving the solid additive and resin in the desired ratio. This results in a uniform dispersion of the additives in the polymer matrix. As a result of the high dispersion, physical properties of a thermoplastic resin, to which the polymer matrix has been added are preserved. In one illustration, PTFE as a drip inhibitor additive, is added to polycarbonate to obtain a highly dispersed PTFE concentrate of improved-drip-inhibition without loss of mechanical properties when added to a thermoplastic molding resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Qamar S. Bhatia, Paul Buckley, Gary Davis, Robert L. Howe, Wie-Hin Pan, Elliott Shanklin
  • Patent number: 6437077
    Abstract: Self-dispersible mixtures (G) of oligomeric isocyanates (C) reacted in part with polyethylene glycol monoalkyl ether (A), which optionally contains propyleneoxy units, and optionally with a chain extender (K) and exhaustively blocked with an isocyanate-blocking pyrazole (B) are useful as auxiliaries in the finishing of fibrous material with oleophobicizing and/or hydrophobicizing finishes (F) comprising fluorocarbon polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Assignee: Clariant Finance (BVI) Limited
    Inventor: Bernard Danner
  • Patent number: 6391807
    Abstract: The present invention provides a polymer composition comprising a fluorochemical oligomeric compound and a thermoplastic or thermoset polymer. The polymer composition is useful in preparing shaped articles such as fibers and films which have desirable oil- and water repellency properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Chetan P. Jariwala, Thomas P. Klun
  • Patent number: 6384124
    Abstract: The present invention provides a non-film-forming latex of dispersed particles which may be used in an electrophoretic display, comprising: a) a highly fluorinated liquid solvent, and b) dispersed particles comprising a polymer comprising units according to formula I: wherein each (fcp) is independently selected from highly fluorinated polymer chains and each Q is independently selected from —H and straight or branched non-fluorinated polymer chains (hcp). Latexes of dispersed particles having a very small particle size are especially provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Prabhakara Satyauolu Rao, Jimmie Rae Baran, Jr., Naiyong Jing
  • Patent number: 6372838
    Abstract: The present invention provides a two-step method of making a latex in a highly fluorinated liquid solvent, including a first step of polymerizing together a mixture of: i) 1-2 parts by weight of one or more non-fluorinated free-radically-polymerizable monomers, and ii) 1-9 parts by weight of one or more highly fluorinated macromers terminated at one or more sites with free-radically-polymerizable groups to form a dispersion of seed particles; and a second step of polymerizing together said seed particles with an additional 10-1,000 percent by weight, relative to the total weight of the seed particles, of one or more non-fluorinated free-radically-polymerizable monomers. The present invention additionally provides a fine latex comprising a highly fluorinated liquid solvent and dispersed particles having an average particle size of 250 nm or less and more preferably 200 nm or less. The latexes of the present invention may be useful in an electrophoretic display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2002
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Prabhakara Satyauolu Rao, Jimmie Rae Baran, Jr., Naiyong Jing
  • Patent number: 6365658
    Abstract: A polymer composition comprising, based on the total weight of A), B), C) and D), A) from about 10 to 89.99 percent of a substantially random interpolymer comprising in polymerized form i) from about 35 to about 89.5 mole percent of one or more &agr;-olefin monomers and ii) from about 65 to about 10.5 mole percent of one or more vinyl or vinylidene aromatic monomers and/or one or more sterically hindered aliphatic or cycloaliphatic vinyl or vinylidene monomers, and optionally iii) other polymerizable ethylenically unsaturated monomer(s); B) from about 10 to about 75 percent of one or more polyolefins selected from the group consisting of I) propylene polymers and II) high density polyethylenes; and C) from 0.01 to about 10 percent of a non-ionic lubricant; and D) from 0 to about 60 percent of a substantially random interpolymer comprising in polymerized form i) from about 50 to about 99.5 mole percent of one or more &agr;-olefin monomers and ii) from about 50 to about 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Jerker B. L. Kjellqvist, Brian W. Walther, Wenbin Liang, Roland Karlsson
  • Publication number: 20020032257
    Abstract: Compounds with both vinyl ether and carbamate, thiocarbamate or urea functionality are suitable for use in microelectronics applications and show enhanced adhesive strength compared to compounds that do not contain carbamate, thiocarbamate or urea functionality.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2001
    Publication date: March 14, 2002
    Inventors: Osama M. Musa, Donald E. Herr
  • Patent number: 6342550
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide a flame-retardant polycarbonate resin composition which contains phosphorus-free flame-retardant(s), has an excellent impact resistance, an excellent heat resistance as well as an excellent moldability, and can satisfy a severe flammability level. According to the present invention, there is provided a flame-retardant polycarbonate resin composition which comprises (A) 100 parts by weight of an aromatic polycarbonate resin, (B) 0.01-5 parts by weight of an organic sulfonic acid metal salt, (C) 0.01-5 parts by weight of a fluorinated polyolefin, (D) 0.2-20 parts by weight of a diene-containing multi-layered polymer, and wherein the content of a phosphorus-containing flame-retardant is less than 0.5 parts by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2002
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Engineering Plastics Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Ishii, Ken Shimomai
  • Publication number: 20010056144
    Abstract: An improved via and contact hole fill composition and method for using the composition in the dual damascene production of circuits is provided. Broadly, the fill compositions include a quantity of solid components including a polymer binder and a solvent system for the solid components. The boiling point of the solvent system is less than the cross-linking temperature of the composition. Preferred solvents for use in the solvent system include those selected from the group consisting of alcohols, ethers, glycol ethers, arnides, ketones, and mixtures thereof. Preferred polymer binders are those having an aliphatic backbone and a molecular weight of less than about 80,000, with polyesters being particularly preferred.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2001
    Publication date: December 27, 2001
    Inventors: James E. Lamb, Xie Shao
  • Patent number: 6309708
    Abstract: A paint composition being capable of forming a coating film which is remarkably excellent in stain-proofing property whereby neither stains in the air nor stains marked due to rain water adhere to or are deposited on the coating film surface and a stain-proofing agent for adding to the composition are provided. The paint composition comprises a stain-proofing agent comprising an organometallic compound represented by XbM(OR1)aR2c, its oligomer or cooligomer comprising two or more of the organometallic compounds; a resin for paints; and a curing agent and/or a curing catalyst, provided that a stain-proofing agent comprising a compound represented by the formula (2): is excluded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2001
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Haruhiko Mohri, Yasushi Yonei