Aromatic Hydrocarbon Contains A Bridged Or Fused Ring Patents (Class 524/485)
  • Patent number: 8592515
    Abstract: Pneumatic rubber tire with a component comprised of a silica reinforced rubber composition comprised of specialized polybutadiene rubber, functionalized styrene/butadiene elastomer and cis 1,4-polyisoprene rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: William Paul Francik, John Joseph Andre Verthe, Junling Zhao, George Frank Balogh, Christin Louise Alwardt
  • Patent number: 8575262
    Abstract: This invention provides an aqueous polymeric dispersion, the polymer including, as polymerized units: from 0.1 to 10%, by weight based on the weight of the polymer, monomer selected from the group consisting of strong carboxylic acid monomers, sulfonic acid monomers and phosphorous-containing acid monomers, and from 0.01 to 3%, by weight based on the weight of the polymer, a moiety including the structure, wherein X?CY, N, or P and Y, independently ?H, C, N, O, Cl, Br, F, Si, S, or P. Also, a method for forming the aqueous polymeric dispersion and a method for providing a coating having improved adhesion to a substrate, particularly to a metal substrate, is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: James C. Bohling, Andrew Hejl, Alvin M. Maurice
  • Publication number: 20120016062
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an essential colourless binder composition comprising a naphthenic oil having a total content of naphthenics of 35%-80% by weight, based on the total weight of the naphthenic oil, and a petroleum or synthetic hydrocarbon resin, wherein the ratio of the naphthenic oil and the petroleum or synthetic hydrocarbon resin is between 10:90 to 90:10. The essential colourless binder composition is suitable for use in coloured asphalt compositions and emulsions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2011
    Publication date: January 19, 2012
    Inventors: Wilhelmina Evelien Ruiter, Bert Jan Lommerts
  • Publication number: 20120010348
    Abstract: The present invention provides a rubber composition for a tire which makes it possible to consider an effect on environment, prepare for decrease in supply quantity of petroleum in future and improve weather resistance and rubber strength in good balance, and a tire prepared by using the rubber composition. The rubber composition of the present invention comprises not less than 20 parts by weight of a silica, not more than 5 parts by weight of a carbon black and 2 to 20 parts by weight of a turpentine soot and/or lamp black having an average particle diameter of not more than 1,000 nm, based on 100 parts by weight of a rubber component comprising a natural rubber and/or an epoxidized natural rubber, and a tire prepared by using the rubber composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Applicant: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoaki HIRAYAMA, Takao WADA
  • Patent number: 8013054
    Abstract: Elastomeric compositions comprising at least one C4 to C7 monoolefin elastomer, at least one polyalphaolefin, and optionally at least one hydrocarbon polymer additive are disclosed. The PAO comprises oligomers of one or more C2 to C20 alpha-olefins having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 3 to 3000 cSt and a Mw/Mn of less than 4. In one aspect, the elastomeric composition may have improved flex fatigue properties and have a fatigue life of 450,000 Kc or more as measured by ASTM D 412 die C. In another aspect, an elastomeric composition may have improved impermeability and have a permeation coefficient at 40° C. of 160 cc*mm/(m2?day) or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Brendan Rodgers, David J. Lohse, Scott C. Solis, Rick D. Davis, Jung Hun Lee
  • Publication number: 20100034975
    Abstract: This invention provides an aqueous polymeric dispersion, the polymer including, as polymerized units: from 0.1 to 10%, by weight based on the weight of the polymer, monomer selected from the group consisting of strong carboxylic acid monomers, sulfonic acid monomers and phosphorous-containing acid monomers, and from 0.01 to 3%, by weight based on the weight of the polymer, a moiety including the structure, wherein X?CY, N, or P and Y, independently ?H, C, N, O, Cl, Br, F, Si, S, or P. Also, a method for forming the aqueous polymeric dispersion and a method for providing a coating having improved adhesion to a substrate, particularly to a metal substrate, is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2009
    Publication date: February 11, 2010
    Inventors: James C. Bohling, Andrew Hejl, Alvin M. Maurice
  • Patent number: 7199180
    Abstract: Disclosed are adhesives and processes for preparing the same, comprising at least one first homogeneous ethylene/?-olefin interpolymer, and optionally at least one tackifier, and optionally at least one plasticizer. The claimed adhesives are useful as adhesives such as are employed in various applications, such as in masking tape, clear office tape, labels, decals, bandages, decorative and protective sheets (such as shelf and drawer liners), floor tiles, sanitary napkin/incontinence device placement strips, sun control films, the joining of gaskets to automobile windows, packaging, bookbinding, construction of nonwoven articles, and insulation bonding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2007
    Assignees: The Dow Chemical Company, H.B. Fuller Licensing & Financing Inc.
    Inventors: Eugene R. Simmons, William L. Bunnelle, David B. Malcolm, Keith C. Knutson, Thomas F. Kauffman, Mark S. Kroll, Michael S. Keehr, Deepak R. Parikh, Jimmy D. Allen, David R. Speth, Selim Yalvac, Malcolm F. Finlayson, Cynthia L. Rickey
  • Patent number: 7101928
    Abstract: Novel thickeners for oil-containing compositions are crystalline polymers, preferably side chain crystalline polymers, which (a) have a crystalline melting point, Tp, and an onset of melting temperature, To, such that Tp?To is less than Tp0.7; (b) are soluble in the oil at temperatures above Tp, and (c) have been dispersed in the oil by a process which comprises (i)dissolving the polymer in the oil at a temperature above Tp, and (ii) cooling the solution from step (i) to crystallize the polymer in the oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: Landec Corporation
    Inventor: Steven P. Bitler
  • Patent number: 7025093
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of a thermally insulating composition in the form of crosslinked polyurethane elastomer gel, obtained by reacting at least one polyol and at least one polyisocyanate in the presence of at least one inert organic filler, for the thermal insulation of pipeline systems present in a product-transfer conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2006
    Assignee: Atofina
    Inventors: Evelyne Bonnet, Laurent Martin, Helene Egret
  • Patent number: 6989417
    Abstract: Thickeners for oil-containing compositions, particularly cosmetic and personal care compositions, are side chain crystalline polymers which are uniformly dispersed as a crystallized solid in the oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2006
    Assignee: Landec Corporation
    Inventors: Steven P. Bitler, David D. Taft
  • Patent number: 6872768
    Abstract: The present invention is a thermoplastic elastomeric resin granule for powder molding having a longer diameter of 400 ?m or less and a ratio of the longer diameter to a shorter diameter of from 3:1 to 1:1, wherein said granule comprises a composition prepared by dynamically vulcanizing 100 parts by weight of (a) a block copolymer consisting of at least two polymeric blocks (A) composed mainly of a vinyl aromatic compound and at least one polymeric block (B) composed mainly of a conjugated diene compound, and/or a hydrogenated block copolymer obtained by hydrogenating said block copolymer, 20 to 300 parts by weight of (b) a non-aromatic softening agent for rubber, and 10 to 150 parts by weight of (c) a peroxide-decomposing olefinic resin and/or a copolymer thereof. The resin granule has excellent fluidity in a powder molding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Assignee: Riken Technos Corporation
    Inventors: Michihisa Tasaka, Toshimi Yamanaka
  • Patent number: 6849691
    Abstract: A high damping elastomer composition that has a high damping capability and is superior in the temperature dependency of rigidity. The high damping elastomer composition has at least one styrene block polymer as a main component. The ratio of a diblock component in the overall styrene block polymer is in the range of 50 to 95 wt. %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2005
    Assignee: Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeshi Nomura, Kazunobu Hashimoto
  • Patent number: 6846872
    Abstract: An elastomer composition comprising a softening agent (A) comprising a naphthenic hydrocarbon and optionally at least one selected from the group consisting of an aromatic hydrocarbon and a paraffinic hydrocarbon, and an elastomer (B) comprising a crosslinkable elastomer, wherein said softening agent (A) has a ratio of an amount of the paraffinic hydrocarbon CP and an amount of the naphthenic hydrocarbon CN, CP/CNN, which are specified by ASTM D2140-97, of not less than 0 and not more than 1.5, and an amount of the aromatic hydrocarbon CA of not less than 0% and not more than 5% based on an amount of hydrocarbons in the whole softening agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Hajime Nishihara
  • Patent number: 6800366
    Abstract: The present invention provides an acrylic pressure sensitive adhesive composition having an element with a positive stress optical coefficient for a polarizing film and a polarizing film using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2004
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Suk-Ky Chang, In-Seok Hwang, In-Cheon Han, Hye-Won Sohn, Sang-Eon Han, Belyaev Sergey, Seung-Man Sohn, Malimonenko Nikolay
  • Patent number: 6649678
    Abstract: One aspect of the invention is directed to a rubber composition which includes at least one sulfur-vulcanizable elastomer containing olefinic unsaturation, a first processing aid, and a second processing aid of the formula: wherein each of R1 and R2 independently is selected from the group consisting of alkyls having from 12 to 24 carbon atoms, and alkenyls having from 12 to 24 carbon atoms. The elastomer is present in an amount of 100 parts by weight. Also, the first processing aid may be present in an amount of 0 to 20 phr, and the second processing aid may be present in an amount of 0.2 to 20 phr. Another aspect of the invention is directed to a method of making the rubber composition described immediately above, with the method including the step of mixing the elastomer, first processing aid, and second processing aid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2003
    Assignee: Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Paul Harry Sandstrom
  • Patent number: 6632882
    Abstract: A method and composition for waterproofing a substrate includes applying a coating composition to a surface of the structural unit. The coating composition includes a) an organic solvent, b) a hydrocarbon resin and c) a copolymer having styrene and diene monomer units, a polymer having olefin monomer units, or a copolymer having styrene and olefin monomer units, or mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2003
    Assignee: Poly Wall International, Inc.
    Inventor: John H. Gaveske
  • Patent number: 6627699
    Abstract: Prepolymer formulations having improved oil compatibility are disclosed. The prepolymer formulations are fabricated with flexible polyether diol. The prepolymer formulations are useful, for example, as binder material for polyurethane foam crumb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Assignee: Huntsman International LLC
    Inventors: Robert G. Sawitski, Jr., David R. MacFarland
  • Publication number: 20020188054
    Abstract: A process oil which satisfies the requirements of (a) a content of a polycyclic aromatic compound of less than 3% by weight, (b) a content of an aromatic hydrocarbon of 18% by weight or more, (c) a content of a polar compound ranging from 11 to 25% by weight, (d) a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. ranging from 10 to 70 mm2/s, and (e) a flash point of 210° C. or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2002
    Publication date: December 12, 2002
    Applicant: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masami Takasaki, Meishi Tanaka, Hisao Anzai, Masashi Nakamura, Chisato Endo
  • Patent number: 6455627
    Abstract: The present invention is a hot melt pressure sensitive positioning adhesive for use with an absorbent article. The adhesive comprises: (a) from 6 to less than 15 percent by weight, of the total of (a), (b) and (c) of a blend of (i) from 40 to 95% by weight of a hydrogenated styrene-(butadiene and/or isoprene)-styrene block copolymer; and (ii) from 5 to 60% by weight of a blend of a hydrogenated styrene-isoprene-styrene-isoprene block copolymer; and (iii) from 0 to 40% by weight of an amorphous ethylene/propylene copolymer having a number average molecular weight of 9,000 to 30,000; and (b) from 50 to 80 percent by weight, of the total of (a), (b) and (c), of a tackifying resin which has an aromaticity such that the MMAP cloud point is at least 45° C.; and (c) from 5 to 35 percent by weight, of the total of (a), (b) and (c), of a plasticizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2002
    Assignee: Kraton Polymers US LLC
    Inventors: Noël Raymond Maurice De Keyzer, Carolyn Ann Stoner
  • Patent number: 6455623
    Abstract: A freeze-resistant fluid composition has the capacity to deform in response to continuously applied pressure and has the ability to maintain its shape and position in the absence of continuously applied pressure. The composition contains a freeze point depressant effective to make the composition resistant to freezing as measured by a penetrometer measurement of at least 13 millimeters at 25° F. (−4° C.). In another embodiment, the composition comprises a fluid mixture of a relatively saturated oil, a relatively unsaturated oil, a block copolymer, and a freeze point depressant. In another embodiment, the composition comprises a fluid mixture of 20%-70% of a relatively saturated oil, 20%-70% of a relatively unsaturated oil, and 0.3%/-10% of a block copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2002
    Assignee: Sunrise Medical HHG Inc.
    Inventor: David L. Howard
  • Patent number: 6433069
    Abstract: This invention relates to a removable grade hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive comprising from about 5% to about 30% by weight of the adhesive of a block copolymer having styrene endblocks and ethylene/butylene or ethylene/propylene midblocks and having a coupling efficiency of less than about 65% and a melt index of greater than about 20 grams/10 minutes; from about 10% to about 50% by weight of the adhesive of at least one block copolymer having styrene endblocks and a coupling efficiency from about 65% to about 100%; from about 20% to about 60% by weight of the adhesive of a tackifying resin and from about 10% to about 40% by weight of the adhesive of a liquid plasticizing oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2002
    Assignee: H. B. Fuller Licensing & Financing Inc.
    Inventors: Susan T. Oeltjen, Jeffrey S. Lindquist, Yoshihiro Kodama, Daisuke Asai
  • Patent number: 6274666
    Abstract: It has been discovered that block copolymers comprising at least two polymer blocks containing a vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon monomer contributed units and at least one polymer block conjugated diene monomer contributed units exhibit desirable adhesive properties. The vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon content [S] of the instant block copolymers is 25% to 60% by weight and the vinyl content of the conjugated diene portion [V] is 30% to 70%. The relationship between the vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon content [S] and the vinyl content of the conjugated diene portion [V] satisfies the formula: 75≦[S]+[V]≦100. According to the instant invention, adhesive compositions may be prepared which contain about 10% to about 50% of the block copolymers, about 20% to about 80% of a compatible tackifying resin; about 10% to about 40% of a platicizing oil; about 0.2% to about 2.5% of various stabilizers and 0% to about 10% of a compatible wax.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2001
    Assignee: Bridgestone/Firestone, Inc.
    Inventor: David J. Dougherty
  • Patent number: 6248825
    Abstract: The present invention teaches a method for enabling the formation of a high damping, soft polymer gel. The method includes: reacting a poly(alkenyl benzene-co-maleimide) polymer with a maleated polyalkylene and an alkyl diamine under substantially dry conditions sufficient to form a polyalkylene grafted poly(alkenyl benzene-co-maleimide) polymer product; and, dispersing the polyalkylene grafted poly(alkenyl benzene-co-maleimide) polymer product with an extender oil sufficient to form the gel. The present invention also contemplates a polymer gel composition, a polymer composition and an article manufactured from the polymer gel composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2001
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Xiaorong Wang, Victor J. Foltz, Takahiro Matsuse, Naruhiko Mashita, Shinichi Toyosawa
  • Patent number: 6201045
    Abstract: A non-birefringence optical resin material is obtained by forming a transparent matrix from a polymeric resin having an orientation birefringence with a positive or negative sign, adding a low molecular weight substance exhibiting an orientation birefringence with a sign opposite to that of the orientation birefringence of the polymeric resin for the matrix and thus offsetting the orientation birefringence of the polymeric resin for the matrix with the orientation birefringence of the low molecular weight substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2001
    Inventor: Yasuhiro Koike
  • Patent number: 6191197
    Abstract: There are disclosed a gel or polymer composition which comprises 100 parts by weight of a polymer blend component comprising 1 to 90% by weight of a poly(vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon) polymer having a syndiotactic configuration and 99 to 10% by weight of a rubbery elastomer and at least 30 parts by weight of an extender oil or a low molecular weight organic component. These gel compositions have super soft properties, heat resistance, and/or damping properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2001
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Xiaorong Wang, Xiao-Liang Luo, Frank J. Clark, Hideo Takeichi, James E. Hall, Takahiro Matsuse, Naruhiko Mashita, Shinichi Toyosawa
  • Patent number: 6184285
    Abstract: Novel hot melt construction adhesives for disposable articles, such as diapers, sanitary napkins, medical gowns, surgical drapes, and the like, are described which offer superior properties versus currently available hot melt adhesives. These hot melt construction adhesive compositions comprise a blend of styrene-isoprene block copolymer containing at least about 25 weight percent styrene and styrene-butadiene block copolymer containing at least about 25 weight percent styrene, at least one compatible tackifying resin and at least one plasticizer. The hot melt construction adhesive possesses a viscosity no greater than about 25,000 mPa·s at about 140° C., a shear adhesion failure temperature of at least about 60° C., and a static shear time to failure of no less than about 25 hours at about 23°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2001
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen F. Hatfield, Alejandro Matassa, Robert Goodman
  • Patent number: 6172156
    Abstract: A hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive comprising a) from about 15% to about 40% by weight of a block copolymer having a coupling efficiency of less than about 75%; b) from about 20% to about 50% by weight of a tackifying resin selected from the group consisting of those tackifying resins having a softening point of less than about 100° C.; c) from about 30% to about 50% by weight of a plasticizing oil; and d) up to about 15% of a compatible polymer wherein the total polymer content does not exceed 40% by weight of the adhesive wherein the hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive fails cohesively during use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2001
    Assignee: H. B. Fuller Licensing & Financing, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey S. Lindquist, Lisa L. Ryan
  • Patent number: 6162859
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive compositions, that exhibit excellent adhesion properties and improved thermal stability, said compositions comprising:a) 1 to 30 parts of styrene-butadiene-styrene triblock copolymer;b) 1 to 30 parts of styrene-isoprene-styrene triblock copolymer;c) 5 to 50 parts of a tackifier compatible with the butadiene and isoprene midblocks, but not compatible with the styrene end blocks;d) 5 to 70 parts of a tackifier compatible with the butadiene and isoprene midblocks, and the styrene end blocks;e) 5 to 30 parts of a tackifier compatible with the styrene end blocks, but not compatible with the butadiene and isoprene midblocks;f) 5 to 30 parts oil; andg) 0 to 5 parts wax.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignee: National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation
    Inventors: Xinya Lu, Ingrid Cole
  • Patent number: 6110999
    Abstract: A composition is disclosed that comprises at least one base polymer, at least one resin and optionally one or more additives such as a filler, colorant, among other additives. The disclosed composition can applied by spraying, immersion, brushing, rolling onto the adherent surface; caulking, among other methods of application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignee: Denovus LLC
    Inventors: Darren Lee Ourth, Jess Rogers, Jeffrey J. Richerson
  • Patent number: 6040356
    Abstract: This invention relates to a durable gravure ink composed of a pigment with high weather resistance, a pigment with high alkali resistance, and a binder with high weather resistance and high alkali resistance, and a technique for producing a decorative material using this ink. According to this invention, a decorative material having a pattern layer excellent in both of weather resistance and alkali resistance is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahiro Kanki, Mutsuhiro Kawano, Takashi Matano
  • Patent number: 5962572
    Abstract: Oriented gels aliened by controlled stretching during the gel's transition from a heated, extremely viscous, non melting, non flowing state and the cooled solid gel state produces strong gels which are found to have greater tensile strength than gels of the same rigidity which have not been stretched to a selected degree during its heating and cooling histories. Gels which are selectively stretched during its (non melt flowing) heated state and rapidly cooled by flowing air, cold liquid bath or in contact with a cool surface exhibit optical birefringence when viewed under plane-polarized light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Applied Elastomerics, Inc.
    Inventor: John Y. Chen
  • Patent number: 5962560
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a low VOC solvent based adhesive comprising a mixture of at least two organic solvents and a thermoplastic resin. Desirably the adhesive has a flash point of at least 100.degree. F. when measured in accordance with ASTM D3828-87. The solvent blend of the low VOC solvent based adhesive of the instant invention volatilizes at substantially reduced rates as compared to conventional solvent blends in solvent based adhesives. Furthermore, this novel low VOC solvent based adhesive is easy to apply, cost effective, and cures within a reasonable time without the use of heat, ultraviolet light or other mechanical devices. In addition, the novel low VOC solvent based adhesive has good storage stability in metal or non-metal containers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: The B.F. Goodrich Company
    Inventors: Carmen D. Congelio, Andrew M. Olah
  • Patent number: 5912295
    Abstract: This invention relates to a removable grade hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive comprising from about 5% to about 30% by weight of the adhesive of a block copolymer having styrene endblocks and ethylene/butylene or ethylene/propylene midblocks and having a coupling efficiency of less than about 65% and a melt index of greater than about 20 grams/10 minutes; from about 10% to about 50% by weight of the adhesive of at least one block copolymer having styrene endblocks and a coupling efficiency from about 65% to about 100%; from about 20% to about 60% by weight of the adhesive of a tackifying resin and from about 10% to about 40% by weight of the adhesive of a liquid plasticizing oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 15, 1999
    Assignee: H.B. Fuller Licensing & Financing, Inc.
    Inventors: Susan T. Oeltjen, Jeffrey S. Lindquist
  • Patent number: 5856387
    Abstract: A pressure sensitive adhesive of a mutually immiscible first elastomer (styrene-butadiene block copolymer) exhibiting a first glass transition temperature and a second elastomer (e.g., a styrene-isoprene-styrene block copolymer) exhibiting a second glass transition temperature greater than the first is tackified by a tackifying system comprising tackifier preferentially miscible with the second elastomer to provide a dynamic mechanical spectrum plot of tangent delta versus temperature in .degree.C. showing two separate and distinct glass transition temperature peaks. The mixture exhibits excellent processability and ambient and low temperature adhesive properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1999
    Assignee: Avery Dennison Corporation
    Inventors: Yukihiko Sasaki, Jesse Ercillo
  • Patent number: 5854322
    Abstract: A modified coal tar pitch useful in roofing applications, containing coal tar pitch, and a nitrile butadiene rubber, is blended by heating the coal tar pitch to a molten temperature, adding the rubber in powder form and agitating the material in a suitable high shear mixing apparatus until adequate phase inversion occurs between the polymer and the coal tar phase. After preparation, the material is cooled in containers until use, at which time it is heated to a flowable temperature and applied using a roofing mop or squeegee.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: The Garland Company
    Inventor: Joseph W. Mellott
  • Patent number: 5741840
    Abstract: A hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive comprising a) from about 15% to about 30% by weight of a linear styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene copolymer having a styrene content from about 15% to about 35% by weight and a coupling efficiency of less than about 75%; b) from about 20% to about 50% by weight of a tackifying resin selected from the group consisting of those tackifying resins having a softening point of less than about 100.degree. C.; c) from about 30% to about 50% by weight of a plasticizing oil; and d) up to about 15% of a compatible polymer wherein the total polymer content does not exceed 30% by weight of the adhesive wherein the hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive fails cohesively during use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1998
    Assignee: H.B. Fuller Licensing & Financing, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey S. Lindquist, Lisa L. Ryan
  • Patent number: 5688860
    Abstract: Polyurethane/urea elastomers having an isocyanate equivalent index below 100, preferably from about 15 to about 80; containing an effective amount of polyisocyanate component, and an effective amount of an isocyanate reactive component comprising at least one polyamine and at least one polyol, wherein said elastomer contains from about 1 to about 199 equivalent percent amine per isocyanate equivalent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 18, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Thomas Stone Croft
  • Patent number: 5663228
    Abstract: A pressure sensitive adhesive of a mutually immiscible first elastomer (styrene-butadiene block copolymer) exhibiting a first glass transition temperature and a second elastomer (e.g., a styrene-isoprene-styrene block copolymer) exhibiting a second glass transition temperature greater than the first is tackified by a tackifying system comprising tackifier preferentialIy miscible with the second elastomer to provide a dynamic mechanical spectrum plot of tangent delta versus temperature in .degree.C. showing two separate and distinct glass transition temperature peaks. The mixture exhibits excellent processability and ambient and low temperature adhesive properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 2, 1997
    Assignee: Avery Dennison Corporation
    Inventors: Yukihiko Sasaki, Jesse Ercillo
  • Patent number: 5613987
    Abstract: There is disclosed a colored high-tenacity fiber of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene which is obtainable by spinning a solution of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene and a dye for coloration to form solvent-containing filaments and drawing the solvent-containing filaments. The colored high-tenacity fiber of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene has a tensile strength of at least 28 g/d and a tensile modulus of at least 700 g/d. The dye is substantially soluble in the solvent at the melting point of solvent-containing filaments which are obtained by spinning a solution of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene and the dye is substantially uniformly dispersed in the core portion of the fiber. Also disclosed is a process for producing a colored high-tenacity fiber of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 25, 1997
    Assignee: Toyo Boseki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tadao Kuroki, Yasuo Ota
  • Patent number: 5591792
    Abstract: The invention relates to an adhesive resin composition comprising an ethylene polymer having a melting point of 70 to 132.degree. C., a density of 0.88 to 0.94% g/cm.sup.3 and a melt flow rate (MFR) of 0.05 to 50 g/10 min. and/or a modified product thereof with an unsaturated carboxylic acid or its derivative (component A); a tackifier (component B); and a block copolymer containing at least one polymer block mainly composed of a vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon and at least one polymer block mainly composed of a conjugated diene or a hydrogenated product thereof (component C). This composition is useful as an adhesives showing excellent adhesion over a wide temperature range as well as processability by film molding, sheet molding, blow molding, etc. It is available for laminates comprising various kinds of resins such as polyolefins, styrenic resins, polyesters, acrylic resins and polyamides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1997
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Masafumi Hattori, Chikako Ikeda, Satoru Sugimoto, Tatsuoki Saito, Hitoshi Yamada, Etsushi Akashige
  • Patent number: 5552470
    Abstract: A thermoplastic elastomer composition is provided which is highly durable and free from oxidative deterioration when exposed to elevated temperature as in molding and also ambient temperature at which an end product thereof is used. These advantageous features are attributable to the use of a hydrogenated oil of the class disclosed which serves effectively to suppress the tendency of an elastomer undergoing gelation or cross-linking particularly when heated in the atmosphere. The hydrogenated oil is derivable from hydrogenation of a liquid product resulting from thermally treating a coal tar or distillates thereof at above 400.degree. C.; a liquid product resulting from thermally treating at above 400.degree. C. a petroleum crude oil, distillates thereof, or a liquid hydrocarbon derived from catalytic cracking, hydrogenative cracking or catalytic reforming of petroleum distillates; or a thermally cracked tar resulting from thermally cracking a petroleum crude oil or distillates thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1996
    Assignee: Nippon Oil Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Junichi Kubo
  • Patent number: 5548014
    Abstract: Disclosed are hot melt adhesives comprising tackifier and a high M.sub.w, narrow MWD, narrow CD ethylene/alpha-olefin copolymer(s) and a low M.sub.w, narrow MWD, narrow MWD ethylene/alpha-olefin copolymer prepared with either supported or unsupported cyclopentadienyl derivatives of Group IV and catalysts for applications in hot melt adhesives, particularly in automotive product assembly, packaging and food packaging. These ethylene copolymers have a M.sub.w ranging from about 20,000 to about 100,000, an MWD of less than 6 and 3 to 17 mole percent comonomer, and composition distribution breadth index above 70 percent. These ethylene copolymer blends have a M.sub.w ranging from about 20,000 to about 100,000 and an MWD of less than 6. In addition, the copolymer blends have comonomer mole percent ranging from about 3 to about 17.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1996
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Mun F. Tse, Virginia R. Cross, Barry C. Trudell
  • Patent number: 5530054
    Abstract: Disclosed are hot melt adhesives comprising ethylene/alpha-olefin copolymers prepared with either supported or unsupported metallocene-alumoxane catalysts for applications in hot melt adhesives used in automotive product assembly, packaging and food packaging. These ethylene copolymers have weight average molecular weight ranging from about 20,000 to about 100,000 and comonomer weight percent ranging from about 6 to about 30. The hot melt adhesive composition includes the ethylene copolymer and a compatible tackifier at a ratio of tackifier to copolymer of from 70:30 to 30:70 and may also include up to 30 weight percent of a paraffinic and microcrystalline wax of the copolymer and tackifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 25, 1996
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Mun F. Tse, Aspy K. Mehta, Vince L. Hughes
  • Patent number: 5504135
    Abstract: An oil composition which has a kinematic viscosity at 100.degree. C. of from 32 to 50 cSt and which contains less than 3 wt. percent polynuclear aromatic compounds is employed as a process oil for rubber compounds, especially aromatic rubbers. The process oil is compatible with aromatic rubbers but contains less toxic polynuclear aromatic compounds than conventional aromatic rubber process oils. Rubber products of acceptable quality are produced by the use of the said oil composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1996
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Emilio Ardrizzi, Rolando Vivirito
  • Patent number: 5488078
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions of a two-phase mixture of a structural bitumen component and a thermoplastic polymer derived predominantly of ethylene and at least one other non-cyclic alpha-olefin, wherein the polymer has a crystallinity of less than 18% and a solubility distribution index value of less than 28.degree. C. Also disclosed is a method for producing such compositions. Such compositions are particularly useful as road paving and construction materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1996
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John R. Shutt, Benoit M. F. Touzard
  • Patent number: 5488081
    Abstract: An elastomeric composition containing (a) a heat-vulcanizable organic elastomer, (b) a polyorganosiloxane, (c) a polyorganosilses-quioxane, and (d) a compatibilizer. The elastomeric composition can be cured and utilized in applications involving the damping of vibration and noise created by various devices. The elastomer, (a), and the two organo-silicone compounds, (b) and (c), synergistically provide excellent damping characteristics throughout a broad temperature range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1996
    Assignee: Lord Corporation
    Inventor: James R. Halladay
  • Patent number: 5430077
    Abstract: A method method for continuously preparing thermo-crosslinkable and/or thermoplastic elastomer blends by mixing the powdered or granulated elastomer with plasticizer oil and other additives, said method comprising the steps of:(a) continuously premixing said elastomer in a premixer with at least part of said plasticizer oil, and optionally with at least part of said other additives, to form a preblend in which said elastomer is decomposed and said additives are embedded in the polymer matrix;and thereafter(b) continuously completing the mixing of said premix, and optionally of the remainder of said additives in a mixing extruder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 4, 1995
    Assignee: Gezolan AG
    Inventor: Jacques Unger
  • Patent number: 5416151
    Abstract: A polymer composition substantially comprising(A) 5 to 40 weight parts of a 1-butenic polymer,(B) 95 to 60 weight parts of an inorganic filler,(C) a hydrocarbonic oil in an amount of 2 to 20 weight parts per 100 weight parts in total of the above (A) and (B), and(D) a thermoplastic resin other than 1-butenic polymers in an amount of 0 to 20 weight parts per 100 weight parts in total of the above (A) and (B).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Assignee: Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Haruhiko Tanaka
  • Patent number: 5401794
    Abstract: It is herein disclosed a process for stabilizing freshly prepared polyketone polymer comprising contacting the polymer with a sufficient quantity of a stabilizing agent such as a polyaromatic or hydroaromatic compound. The inventive process results in stabilized polyketone polymers having and exhibiting improved thermal oxidative stability properties. It is also disclosed a stabilized polymer composition comprising a major amount of a polyketone polymer and a minor amount of a polyaromatic or hydroaromatic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1995
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Carlton E. Ash
  • Patent number: 5399606
    Abstract: A homogenous non-tacky thermosetting plastic powder mixture formed by mixing component A comprising a solid phenol novolac resin powder and a hardener containing a small amount of an oil-like substance liquid at room temperature with component B comprising a liquid resol, fillers and optionally additives which when containing an abrasive are useful for the production of filler-containing shaped elements or resin-bonded grinding elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1995
    Assignee: Rutgerswerke Aktiengesellschaft AG
    Inventors: Michael Konig, Achim Hansen, Arno Gardziella, Josef Suren